Ranks and insignia of the Soviet Armed Forces 1943–1955

Ranks and rank insignia of the Soviet Armed Forces in the period 1943–1955 were characterised by a number of changes in the armed forces of the Soviet Union, including the reintroduction of rank insignia badges and the adoption of a number of higher ranks.

Changes

In conjunction with the permanent increase of the manpower strength of the Soviet armed forces, the service branches and arms were formed by orders of the People' Commissariat of Defence, consisting of artillery, air force, air defence forces, signals corps, corps of engineers and the armoured corps. Major combat support units up to command level were established. This process was characterized by a need for well qualified command staff, in a suitable rank structure. The Soviet state – and party administration – responded to these challenges by the introduction of additional higher ranks, as well as by reintroducing the traditional Russian rank insignia.

A new rank group at OF-9 level (equivalent to the general of the branch in the Wehrmacht and the Imperial Russian Army) was introduced, named marshal of the branch or chief marshal of the branch.

In January 1943 the ranks of marshal of the air force, marshal of the artillery and marshal of the armoured corps came into existence.[1] In October 1943 it was followed by the additional ranks marshal of the communication troops, and marshal of the engineer troops, and the equivalent chief marshal of the branch ranks were added.[2]

Generalissimus of the Soviet Union

The highest rank of generalissimus of the Soviet Union (Russian: Генерали́ссимус Сове́тского Сою́за) was created in October 1943, as an individual award to Stalin, the head of state and party chief, and functioned as supreme commander on all Soviet armed forces. Promotion to this rank was limited explicitly to wartime. The instruction was conveyed by an order to the front commanders-in-chief on 26 June 1945,[3] however, Stalin refused to officially implement the rank.

Ranks and distinction insignia for the land forces and air force

The introduction of new distinction insignia to the officer corps of the Red Army came by order of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet on 6 January 1943.[4] Selected were two versions of shoulder straps or epaulettes, one for everyday uniforms and the second for field use (breadth 6 cm, length 14 to 16 cm, depending on body size). On 15 January 1943 the introduction of new uniforms was decided.[5]

Corps colours

Corps colours, agreed and created in 1935, remained in use, but minor changes took place. The padding of the newly introduced shoulder straps were made from wool cloth, designed in branch of service colours with piping. Command staff wore silver or gold stars and characteristic metallic branch badges.

Corps colours—enlisted men and non-commissioned officers

The shoulder board padding indicated the appropriate corps colour of service branch, corps or special appointment, with coloured border piping.

  • Infantry (generic motorised rifles or motorised infantry) – padding raspberry, piping black
  • Cavalry – сobalt blue with black piping
  • Aviation troops and air force – sky blue
  • Artillery & armoured corps – black with red piping
  • Medical troops, veterinarian service – dark green with red piping
  • Technical troops – black with black piping
Corps colours—officers up to colonel
  • Cavalry – сobalt blue
  • Army generic infantry, motorised rifles and logistics – raspberry
  • Artillery, armoured corps, medical troops and veterinarian service – red
  • Aviation troops and air force – sky blue
  • Technical troops – black
Corps colours—officers above colonel
  • Army generic infantry, motorised rifles and logistics – deep red ("general's red")
  • Aviation troops and air force – sky blue
  • All other uses – raspberry
Any other insignia

Regimental numbers in gold lettering were placed on other ranks' shoulder straps along with the emblem of the armed service, branch, special troop, or appointment. For commanders of battle units or task forces the emblem was gold coloured, for others it was silver.

Enlisted men and non-commissioned officers

Shoulder straps to
service uniform basic
Enlisted men and non-commissioned officers
  Infantry
306th Rifle Regiment 36th Guards Rifle Silesian, Order of the Red Star Regiment 61st Motorised Rifle Regiment 7th Motorised Rifle Brigade 123rd Rifle Regiment 41st Guards Rifle Czestochowski, Order of Kutuzov Regiment
USSR A Cavalry emblem - 1924.gif

  Cavalry
214th Cavalry Regiment 34th Guards Cavalry Kuban Cossacks Slonim, Order of the Red Banner Regiment 220th Debrecen Cavalry Regiment 223rd Cavalry, Order of Bogdan Khmelnitsky Regiment 30th Guards Cavalry Kuban Cossacks Slonim, Order of the Red Banner, Order of Alexander Nevsky Regiment 32nd Guards Cavalry Kuban Cossacks Slonim, Order of the Red Banner, Order of Alexander Nevsky Regiment
RAF AF branch insignia1936.gif

  Air Force
104th Guards Fighter Krakov Aviation, Order of Alexander Nevsky Regiment 108th Bomber Aviation Regiment 909th Fighter Aviation, Order of Kutuzov Regiment 173rd Guards Assault Aviation Regiment 28th Guards Bomber Aviation Regiment 16th Guards Fighter Sandomierz Aviation, Order of Alexander Nevsky Regiment
RussianArtilleryForcesCollar.png

  Artillery
288th Fighter Anti-tank Artillery Regiment 5th Guards Fighter Anti-tank Artillery Regiment 61st Howitzer Artillery Regiment 21st Guards Mortar Brigade 4th Guards Artillery Regiment 17th Guards Mortar Regiment
RAF A emb-Armoured forces1936.gif

  Armoured Troops
60th Tank, Order of Bogdan Khmelnitsky Regiment 105th Separate Tank Demidov, Order of the Red Banner Regiment 142nd Tank Regiment 12nd Separate Guards Tank Berdichev, Order of the Red Banner, Order of Suvorov, Order of Bogdan Khmelnitsky Regiment (12nd Guards Heavy Tank Regiment) 8th Guards Tank, Order of the Red Banner, Order of Suvorov Brigade 70th Tank Syvash, Order of Kutuzov Brigade
Avtochasty 1936.png

  Motor-Car Units
17th Motor Vehicle Brigade of Leningrad Front 57th Motor-Car Regiment 52nd Motorcycle Regiment 19th Motor-Car Regiment 5th Guards Motorcycle Regiment 77th Motor-Car Regiment
Med1936-1.png

  Medical Corps
1943med-p20.png 1943med-p19.png 1943med-p18.png 1943med-p17.png 1943med-p16.png 1943med-p15.png
Vet1936.png

  Veterinary Corps
1943vet-p20.png 1943vet-p19.png 1943vet-p18.png 1943vet-p17.png 1943vet-p16.png 1943vet-p15.png
Engineer1924 forces emb n9619.png

  Engineer Troops
17th Motorised Engineer Brigade 22nd Guards Motorised Shock Engineer-Sapper Brigade 2nd Guards Motorised Engineer Brigade 13rd Engineer Brigade 18th Engineer-Sapper Brigade 4th Shock Engineer-Sapper Brigade
Communication1936 forces emb n9618.png

  Signal Troops
6th Signal Regiment 129th Separate Signal Regiment 8th Signal Regiment of 8th Air Army 5th Guards Signal Regiment of 2nd Guards Tank Army 1st Guards Signal Regiment of 11th Guards Army 26th Signal Regiment of 17th Air Army
Dorozhnye vojska 1944.png

  Road Troops
1943dor-p20.png 1943dor-p19.png 1943dor-p18.png 1943dor-p17.png 1943dor-p16.png 1943dor-p15.png
Zheleznodorozhnye vojska.png

  Railway Troops,
Military Communications
(VOSO)
4th Railway Brigade 4th Separate Operations Railway Regiment 1st Guards Railway Brigade 11th Railway Brigade 12th Separate Operations Railway Regiment 50th Operations Railway Brigade
Collar insignia of Pontoon Corps.png

  Pontoon Corps
5th Pontoon-Bridge Brigade 12th Motorised Pontoon-Bridge Regiment 2nd Separate Heavy Pontoon-Bridge Regiment 7th Motorised Pontoon-Bridge Brigade 10th Pontoon-Bridge Brigade 3rd Motorised Pontoon-Bridge Regiment
Pioneer.png

  Sapper Troops
1943sap-p20.png 1943sap-p19.png 1943sap-p18.png 1943sap-p17.png 1943sap-p16.png 1943sap-p15.png
Topograph1943.png

  Survey Troops
1943top-p20.png 1943top-p19.png 1943top-p18.png 1943top-p17.png 1943top-p16.png 1943top-p15.png
Techznak.png

  Chemical Troops
15th Chemical Protection Brigade 19th Chemical Protection Brigade 18th Chemical Protection Brigade 17th Chemical Protection Brigade 16th Chemical Protection Brigade 15th Chemical Protection Brigade
Elektrotech.png

  Electrical Troops
1943elektro-p20.png 1943elektro-p19.png 1943elektro-p18.png 1943elektro-p17.png 1943elektro-p16.png 1943elektro-p15.png
Rank designation Private Corporal Junior
sergeant
Sergeant Senior
sergeant
Starshina
(Рядовой) (Ефрейтор) (Младший
сержант)
(Сержант) (Старший
сержант)
(Старшина)
NATO-equivalent OR-1 OR-4 OR-5 OR-6 OR-7 OR-8

Officer up to сommander-in-chief

Shoulder straps to
service uniform basic
Officers & commanding staff Generals & commanders in chief
Infantry 1943inf-p12.png 1943inf-p11.png 1943inf-p10.png 1943inf-p09.png 1943inf-p08.png 1943inf-p07.png 1943inf-p06.png 1943inf-p05.png 1943inf-p04.png 1943inf-p03.png
Кавалерия.png
Cavalry
1943cav-p12.png 1943cav-p11.png 1943cav-p10.png 1943cav-p09.png 1943cav-p08.png 1943cav-p07.png 1943cav-p06.png
RAF AF branch insignia1936.gif
Air Force
1943avia-p12.png 1943avia-p11.png 1943avia-p10.png 1943avia-p09.png 1943avia-p08.png 1943avia-p07.png 1943avia-p06.png 1943avia-p05.png 1943avia-p04.png 1943avia-p03.png
Collar insignia of Aviation Engineering Service.png
Air Force
Engineers
1943avia-p12i.png 1943avia-p11i.png 1943avia-p10i.png 1943avia-p09i.png 1943avia-p08i.png 1943avia-p07i.png 1943avia-p06i.png
RussianArtilleryForcesCollar.png
Artillery
1943art-p12.png 1943art-p11.png 1943art-p10.png 1943art-p09.png 1943art-p08.png 1943art-p07.png 1943art-p06.png 1943art-p05.png 1943art-p04.png 1943art-p03.png
RussianArtilleryForcesCollar.png
Artillery
Engineers
1943art-p12i.png 1943art-p11i.png 1943art-p10i.png 1943art-p09i.png 1943art-p08i.png 1943art-p07i.png 1943art-p06i.png 1943inf-p05.png 1943inf-p04.png 1943inf-p03.png
RAF A emb-Armoured forces1936.gif
Armoured Troops
1943btv-p12.png 1943btv-p11.png 1943btv-p10.png 1943btv-p09.png 1943btv-p08.png 1943btv-p07.png 1943btv-p06.png
RAF A emb-Armoured forces1936.gif
Armoured Troops
Engineers
1943btv-p12i.png 1943btv-p11i.png 1943btv-p10i.png 1943btv-p09i.png 1943btv-p08i.png 1943btv-p07i.png 1943btv-p06i.png
Avtochasty 1936.png
Motor-Car
Units
1943auto-p12.png 1943auto-p11.png 1943auto-p10.png 1943auto-p09.png 1943auto-p08.png 1943auto-p07.png 1943auto-p06.png
Avtochasty 1936.png
Motor-Car
Units Engineers
1943auto-p12i.png 1943auto-p11i.png 1943auto-p10i.png 1943auto-p09i.png 1943auto-p08i.png 1943auto-p07i.png 1943auto-p06i.png
Med1936-1.png

Medical Corps
1943med-p12.png 1943med-p11.png 1943med-p10.png 1943med-p09.png 1943med-p08.png 1943med-p07.png 1943med-p06.png 1943med-p05.png 1943med-p04.png 1943med-p03.png
Vet1936.png

Veterinary Corps
1943vet-p12.png 1943vet-p11.png 1943vet-p10.png 1943vet-p09.png 1943vet-p08.png 1943vet-p07.png 1943vet-p06.png 1943vet-p05.png 1943vet-p04.png 1943vet-p03.png
Justiz 1936.png

Legal Service
1943just-p12.png 1943just-p11.png 1943just-p10.png 1943just-p09.png 1943just-p08.png 1943just-p07.png 1943just-p06.png 1943just-p05.png 1943just-p04.png 1943just-p03.png
Emblintend1942.gif
Quartermaster Corps
1943int-p12.png 1943int-p11.png 1943int-p10.png 1943int-p09.png 1943int-p08.png 1943int-p07.png 1943int-p06.png 1943tech-p05.png 1943tech-p04.png 1943tech-p03.png
Engineer1924 forces emb n9619.png
Engineer Troops
1943ing p12.png 1943ing p11.png 1943ing p10.png 1943ing p09.png 1943ing p08.png 1943ing p07.png 1943ing p06.png
Engineer1924 forces emb n9619.png
Engineer Troops Engineers
1943ing p12i.png 1943ing p11i.png 1943ing p10i.png 1943ing p09i.png 1943ing p08i.png 1943ing p07i.png 1943ing p06i.png
Communication1936 forces emb n9618.png
Signal Troops
1943svjaz p12.png 1943svjaz p11.png 1943svjaz p10.png 1943svjaz p09.png 1943svjaz p08.png 1943svjaz p07.png 1943svjaz p06.png
Communication1936 forces emb n9618.png
Signal Troops Engineers
1943svjaz p12i.png 1943svjaz p11i.png 1943svjaz p10i.png 1943svjaz p09i.png 1943svjaz p08i.png 1943svjaz p07i.png 1943svjaz p06i.png
Dorozhnye vojska 1944.png
Road Troops
1943dor-p12.png 1943dor-p11.png 1943dor-p10.png 1943dor-p09.png 1943dor-p08.png 1943dor-p07.png 1943dor-p06.png
Dorozhnye vojska 1944.png
Road Troops Engineers
1943dor-p12i.png 1943dor-p11i.png 1943dor-p10i.png 1943dor-p09i.png 1943dor-p08i.png 1943dor-p07i.png 1943dor-p06i.png
Zheleznodorozhnye vojska.png
Railway Troops
Zheleznodorozhnye vojska.png
Military Communications (VOSO)
1943zd p12.png 1943zd p11.png 1943zd p10.png 1943zd p09.png 1943zd p08.png 1943zd p07.png 1943zd p06.png
Zheleznodorozhnye vojska.png
Railway Troops Engineers
Zheleznodorozhnye vojska.png
VOSO Engineers
1943zd-p12i.png 1943zd p11i.png 1943zd p10i.png 1943zd p09i.png 1943zd p08i.png 1943zd p07i.png 1943zd p06i.png
Collar insignia of Pontoon Corps.png
Pontoon Corps
1943ponton-p12.png 1943ponton-p11.png 1943ponton-p10.png 1943ponton-p09.png 1943ponton-p08.png 1943ponton-p07.png 1943ponton-p06.png
Collar insignia of Pontoon Corps.png
Pontoon Corps Engineers
1943ponton-p12i.png 1943ponton-p11i.png 1943ponton-p10i.png 1943ponton-p09i.png 1943ponton-p08i.png 1943ponton-p07i.png 1943ponton-p06i.png
Pioneer.png
Sapper Troops
1943sap-p12.png 1943sap-p11.png 1943sap-p10.png 1943sap-p09.png 1943sap-p08.png 1943sap-p07.png 1943sap-p06.png
Pioneer.png
Sapper Troops Engineers
1943sap-p12i.png 1943sap-p11i.png 1943sap-p10i.png 1943sap-p09i.png 1943sap-p08i.png 1943sap-p07i.png 1943sap-p06i.png
Topograph1943.png
Survey Troops
1943top-p12.png 1943top-p11.png 1943top-p10.png 1943top-p09.png 1943top-p08.png 1943top-p07.png 1943top-p06.png
Topograph1943.png
Survey Troops Engineers
1943top-p12i.png 1943top-p11i.png 1943top-p10i.png 1943top-p09i.png 1943top-p08i.png 1943top-p07i.png 1943top-p06i.png
Techznak.png
Chemical Troops
1943chim-p12.png 1943chim-p11.png 1943chim-p10.png 1943chim-p09.png 1943chim-p08.png 1943chim-p07.png 1943chim-p06.png
Techznak.png
Chemical Troops Engineers
1943chim-p12i.png 1943chim-p11i.png 1943chim-p10i.png 1943chim-p09i.png 1943chim-p08i.png 1943chim-p07i.png 1943chim-p06i.png
Elektrotech.png
Electrical Troops
1943elektro-p12.png 1943elektro-p11.png 1943elektro-p10.png 1943elektro-p09.png 1943elektro-p08.png 1943elektro-p07.png 1943elektro-p06.png
Elektrotech.png
Electrical Troops Engineers
1943elektro-p12i.png 1943elektro-p11i.png 1943elektro-p10i.png 1943elektro-p09i.png 1943elektro-p08i.png 1943elektro-p07i.png 1943elektro-p06i.png
Rank designation Junior lieutenant
(Младший лейтенант)
Lieutenant
(Лейтенант)
Senior lieutenant
(Старший лейтенант)
Captain
(Капитан)
Major
(Майор)
Lieutenant colonel
(Подполковник)
Colonel
(Полковник)
Major general
(Генерал-майор)
Lieutenant general
(Генерал-лейтенант)
Colonel general
(Генерал-полковник)
Engineers rank designation Junior Technician Lieutenant
(Младший техник-лейтенант)
Technician Lieutenant
(Техник-лейтенант)
Senior Technician Lieutenant
(Старший техник-лейтенант)
Engineer-Captain
(Инженер-капитан)
Engineer-Major
(Инженер-Майор)
Engineer-Lieutenant colonel
(Инженер-Подполковник)
Engineer-Colonel
(Инженер-Полковник)
NATO-equivalent OF-1 OF-2 OF-3 OF-4 OF-5 OF-6 OF-7 OF-8

General of the army to generalissimus

Designation Commander-in-chief Marshal of the branch Chief marshal of the branch Marshal,
Generalissimus
of the Soviet Union
Shoulder strap to
service uniform
basic
1943inf-p02.png February-November 1943 since November 1943 February-November 1943 since November 1943 February-November 1943 since November 1943 1943svjaz p02.png 1943ing p02.png 1943art-p01.png 1943avia-p01.png 1943btv-p01.png 1943svjaz p01.png 1943ing p01.png 1943inf-p00.png
Rank designation General
of

The Army
Marshal
of

Artillery
Marshal
of

the Air Force
Marshal
of

Armoured
Troops
Marshal
of

Signal
Troops
Marshal
of

Engineer
Troops
Chief marshal
of

Artillery
Chief marshal
of

the Air Force
Chief marshal
of

Armoured
Troops
Chief marshal
of

Signal
Troops
Chief marshal
of

Engineer
Troops
Marshal,
Generalissimus
of the Soviet Union
Emblem RAF A emb- Rocket forces and artillery.jpg RAF AF branch insignia1.jpg RAF A emb-Armoured forces1936.gif Communication1936 forces emb n9618.png Engineer1924 forces emb n9619.png RAF A emb- Rocket forces and artillery.jpg RAF AF branch insignia1.jpg RAF A emb-Armoured forces1936.gif Communication1936 forces emb n9618.png Engineer1924 forces emb n9619.png
NATO-equivalent OF-9 OF-9 OF-9 OF-10

Shoulder straps field uniform

The sign of injury on the Soviet uniforms 4
Shoulder strap of a senior sergeant

Shoulder straps to field uniforms, standardized to all service ranches, were made of khaki wool cloth. The piping indicated the service branch, matching the corps colour.

Colours of the rank piping (on shoulder strap)
  • Infantry, motorized rifles – raspberry coloured
  • Aviation troops and air force – sky blue
  • Cavalry – blue
  • Artillery and armoured corps – red
  • Medical troops, veterinarian service – dark green
  • Technical services – black

This specific shoulder strap design was used in the Red Army 1943 until 1946, as well as in the Soviet Army from 1946 to 1955.

Enlisted men and non-commissioned officers (1943–1946)

Shoulder straps
to field uniform
Private – and non-commissioned officers ranks
Infantry 1943inf-pf20.png 1943inf-pf19.png 1943inf-pf18.png 1943inf-pf17.png 1943inf-pf16.png 1943inf-pf15.png
USSR A Cavalry emblem - 1924.gif
Cavalry
1943cav-pf20.png 1943cav-pf19.png 1943cav-pf18.png 1943cav-pf17.png 1943cav-pf16.png 1943cav-pf15.png
RAF AF branch insignia1936.gif
Air Force
1943avia-pf20.png 1943avia-pf19.png 1943avia-pf18.png 1943avia-pf17.png 1943avia-pf16.png 1943avia-pf15.png
RussianArtilleryForcesCollar.png
Artillery,
RAF A emb-Armoured forces1936.gif
Armoured Troops,
Avtochasty 1936.png
Motor-Car Units
1943art-pf20.png 1943art-pf19.png 1943art-pf18.png 1943art-pf17.png 1943art-pf16.png 1943art-pf15.png
Med1936-1.png
Medical Corps
and
Vet1936.png
Veterinary Corps
1943med-pf20.png 1943med-pf19.png 1943med-pf18.png 1943med-pf17.png 1943med-pf16.png 1943med-pf15.png
Technical Troops 1943tech-pf20.png 1943tech-pf19.png 1943tech-pf18.png 1943tech-pf17.png 1943tech-pf16.png 1943tech-pf15.png
Rank designation Private Corporal Junior sergeant Sergeant Senior sergeant Warrant officer
NATO-equivalent OR-1 OR-4 OR-5 OR-6 OR-7 OR-8

Officers up to higher commanders & commander-in-chief (1943–1946)

Shoulder straps
to field uniform
Officers and commanders Higher commanders & commander-in-chief
  Infantry
1943inf-pf12.png 1943inf-pf11.png 1943inf-pf10.png 1943inf-pf09.png 1943inf-pf08.png 1943inf-pf07.png 1943inf-pf06.png 1943inf-pf05.png 1943inf-pf04.png 1943inf-pf03.png
Кавалерия.png

  Cavalry
1943cav-pf12.png 1943cav-pf11.png 1943cav-pf10.png 1943cav-pf09.png 1943cav-pf08.png 1943cav-pf07.png 1943cav-pf06.png
Rkka1.PNG

  Armoured Troops

Avtochasty 1936.png

  Motor-Car
Units
1943btv-pf12.png Technician-Lieutenant 1943btv-pf10.png Engineer-Captain 1943btv-pf08.png 1943btv-pf07.png Engineer-Colonel
RAF AF branch insignia1936.gif
  Air Force

Collar insignia of Aviation Engineering Service.png
  Air Force
Engineers
1943avia-pf12.png Engineer-Lieutenant 1943avia-pf10.png 1943avia-pf09.png 1943avia-pf08.png Engineer-Lieutenant colonel 1943avia-pf06.png 1943avia-pf05.png 1943avia-pf04.png 1943avia-pf03.png
RussianArtilleryForcesCollar.png

  Artillery
1943art-pf12.png Technician-Lieutenant 1943art-pf10.png 1943iart-pf09.png Engineer-Major 1943art-pf07.png 1943art-pf06.png 1943art-pf05.png 1943art-pf04.png 1943art-pf03.png
Med1936-1.png

  Medical Corps
1943med-pf12.png 1943med-pf11.png 1943med-pf10.png 1943med-pf09.png 1943med-pf08.png 1943med-pf07.png 1943med-pf06.png 1943med-pf05.png 1943med-pf04.png 1943med-pf03.png
Vet1936.png

  Veterinary Corps
1943vet-pf12.png 1943vet-pf11.png 1943vet-pf10.png 1943vet-pf09.png 1943vet-pf08.png 1943vet-pf07.png 1943vet-pf06.png 1943vet-pf05.png 1943vet-pf04.png 1943vet-pf03.png
Justiz 1936.png

  Legal Service
1943just-pf12.png 1943just-pf11.png 1943just-pf10.png 1943just-pf09.png 1943just-pf08.png 1943just-pf07.png 1943just-pf06.png 1943just-pf05.png 1943just-pf04.png 1943just-pf03.png
Emblintend1942.gif

  Quartermaster Corps
1943int-pf12.png 1943int-pf11.png 1943int-pf10.png 1943int-pf09.png 1943int-pf08.png 1943int-pf07.png 1943int-pf06.png 1943tech-pf05.png 1943tech-pf04.png 1943tech-pf03.png
  Technical Troops

Engineer1924 forces emb n9619.png
Engineer Troops
Communication1936 forces emb n9618.png
Signal Troops
Dorozhnye vojska 1944.png
Road Troops
Zheleznodorozhnye vojska.png
Railway Troops,
Military Communications (VOSO)
Collar insignia of Pontoon Corps.png
Pontoon Corps
Pioneer.png
Sapper Troops
Topograph1943.png
Survey Troops
Techznak.png
Сhemical troops
Elektrotech.png
Electrical Troops.
1943tech-pf12.png 1943tech-pf11.png 1943tech-pf10.png Engineer-Captain 1943tech-pf08.png 1943tech-pf07.png 1943tech-pf06.png
Rank designation Junior
lieutenant
(Младший
лейтенант)
Lieutenant
(Лейтенант)
Senior
lieutenant
(Старший
лейтенант)
Captain
(Капитан)
Major
(Майор)
Lieutenant
colonel
(Подполковник)
Colonel
(Полковник)
Major general
(Генерал-майор)
Lieutenant general
(Генерал-лейтенант)
Colonel general
(Генерал-полковник)
Engineers rank designation Junior
Technician-Lieutenant
(Младший
техник-лейтенант)
Technician-Lieutenant
(Техник-лейтенант)
Senior
Technician-Lieutenant
(Старший
техник-лейтенант)
Engineer-Captain
(Инженер-капитан)
Engineer-Major
(Инженер-Майор)
Engineer-Lieutenant
colonel
(Инженер-Подполковник)
Engineer-Colonel
(Инженер-Полковник)
NATO-equivalent OF-1 OF-2 OF-3 OF-4 OF-5 OF-6 OF-7 OF-8

General of the army to generalissimus

Designation Commander-in-chief Marshal of the branch Chief marshal of the branch Marshal,
Generalissimus
of the Soviet Union
Shoulder strap
to
field uniform
1943inf-pf02.png February-November 1943 1943 February-November 1943 1943 February-November 1943 1943btv-pf02.png 1943svjaz-pf02.png 1943ing-pf02.png 1943art-pf01.png 1943avia-pf01.png 1943btv-pf01.png 1943svjaz-pf01.png 1943ing-pf01.png 1943inf-pf00.png
Rank designation General
of

the army
Marshal
of

artillery
Marshal
of

aviation
Marshal
of the

armoured
troops
Marshal
of the

signal
troops
Marshal
of the

engineer
troops
Chief marshal
of

artillery
Chief marshal
of

aviation
Chief marshal
of the

armoured
troops
Chief marshal
of the

signal
troops
Chief marshal
of the

engineer
troops
Marshal,
Generalissimus
of the Soviet Union
NATO-equivalent OF-9 OF-9 OF-9 OF-10

Ranks and rank insignia of the Soviet Navy

By decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet on 15 February 1943 on "distinction insignia to the Soviet Navy" the introduction of shoulder straps and epaulettes took effect, marking the début of Imperial Russian Navy-style insignia to the Soviet Navy.[6] As the navy also had coastal services, ground ranks similar to the Red Army and Air Force were introduced with their respective insignia to be used by the coastal service personnel. These ranks were also used by the navy's medical corps and technical services. Shoulder rank insignia were in dark blue shoulder boards (gold on the dress uniform only for officers).

Naval officers and flag officers

Designation Officers & commanders Flag officers & commander-in-chief
Shoulder strap
to
service uniform
(Sea Duty)
1943kor-p12.png 1943kor-p11.png 1943kor-p10.png 1943kor-p09.png 1943kor-p08.png 1943kor-p07.png 1943kor-p06.png 1943kor-p05.png 1943kor-p04.png 1943kor-p03.png 1943kor-p02.png 1943kor-p01.png
Shoulder strap
to
service uniform
(Sea Duty Engineers)
1943kor-p12i.png 1943kor-p11i.png 1943kor-p10i.png 1943kor-p09i.png 1943kor-p08i.png 1943kor-p07i.png 1943kor-p06i.png 1943kor-p05i.png 1943kor-p04i.png 1943kor-p03i.png
Sleeve insignia
on
uniform jacket
UdSSR Navy 1943-1991 OF1c insignia.svg UdSSR Navy 1943-1991 OF1b insignia.svg UdSSR Navy 1943-1991 OF1a insignia.svg UdSSR Navy 1943-1991 OF2 insignia.svg UdSSR Navy 1943 OF3 insignia.svg UdSSR Navy 1943 OF4 insignia.svg UdSSR Navy 1943 OF5 insignia.svg UdSSR Navy 1943 OF6 insignia.svg UdSSR Navy 1943 OF7 insignia.svg UdSSR Navy 1943-1991 OF8 insignia.svg UdSSR Navy 1943-1955 OF9 insignia.svg UdSSR Navy 1943-1955 OF9 insignia.svg
Rank designation Junior lieutenant Lieutenant Senior lieutenant Captain lieutenant Captain of the 3rd rank Captain of the 2nd rank Captain 1st rank Rear Admiral Vice Admiral Admiral Admiral of the Fleet
(1943-1945)
Admiral of the Fleet
(1945-1953)
NATO-equivalent OF-1 OF-2 OF-3 OF-4 OF-5 OF-6 OF-7 OF-8 OF-9 OF-10

Naval ratings (naval service)

Designation Junior ratings Senior ratings
Shoulder board
to
service uniform
Black Sea Fleet Caspian Flotilla Danube Flotilla, Dnieper Flotilla Pacific Fleet Baltic Fleet 1943kor-p15.png
Shoulder strap
to
service uniform
Volga Flotilla (1943-1944), Danube Flotilla, Dnieper Flotilla 1943kor-p19fl.png 1943kor-p18fl.png 1943kor-p17fl.png
Rank designation Seaman Senior seaman Petty officer 2nd class Petty Officer 1st class Chief petty officer Michman
NATO-equivalent OR-1 OR-4 OR-5 OR-6 OR-7 OR-8

Ranks and insignia of naval ground and technical services

Officers

Designation Officers & commanders General officers
Shoulder strap
to
service uniform
(Coastal Services, incl. Naval Infantry and Coastal Defense Artillery)
1943goast-p12.png 1943goast-p11.png 1943goast-p10.png 1943goast-p09.png 1943goast-p08.png 1943goast-p07.png 1943goast-p06.png 1943goast-p05.png 1943goast-p04.png 1943goast-p03.png
Shoulder strap
to
service uniform
(Coastal Engineers)
1943goast-p12i.png 1943goast-p11i.png 1943goast-p10i.png 1943goast-p09i.png 1943goast-p08i.png 1943goast-p07i.png 1943goast-p06i.png 1943goast-p05i.png 1943goast-p04i.png 1943goast-p03i.png
Shoulder strap
to
service uniform
(Naval Aviation)
1943moravia-p12.png 1943moravia-p11.png 1943moravia-p10.png 1943moravia-p09.png 1943moravia-p08.png 1943moravia-p07.png 1943moravia-p06.png 1943moravia-p05.png 1943moravia-p04.png 1943moravia-p03.png
Shoulder strap
to
service uniform
(Naval Aviation engineers and technicial staff)
1943moravia-p12i.png 1943moravia-p11i.png 1943moravia-p10i.png 1943moravia-p09i.png 1943moravia-p08i.png 1943moravia-p07i.png 1943moravia-p06i.png 1943moravia-p05i.png 1943moravia-p04i.png 1943moravia-p03i.png
Rank designation Junior lieutenant
(Младший лейтенант)
Lieutenant
(Лейтенант)
Senior lieutenant
(Старший лейтенант)
Captain
(Капитан)
Major
(Майор)
Lieutenant colonel
(Подполковник)
Colonel
(Полковник)
Major general
(Генерал-майор)
Lieutenant general
(Генерал-лейтенант)
Colonel general
(Генерал-полковник)
Engineers rank designation Junior Technician Lieutenant
(Младший техник-лейтенант)
Technician Lieutenant
(Техник-лейтенант)
Senior Technician Lieutenant
(Старший техник-лейтенант)
Engineer Captain
(Инженер-капитан)
Engineer Major
(Инженер-Майор)
Engineer-Lieutenant colonel
(Инженер-Подполковник)
Engineer-Colonel
(Инженер-Полковник)
NATO-equivalent OF-1 OF-2 OF-3 OF-4 OF-5 OF-6 OF-7 OF-8

Other ranks

Shoulder straps to
service uniform basic
Enlisted men and non-commissioned officers of ground services
(Coastal Services and Naval Aviation)
Shoulder board
to
service uniform
(Personnel of coastal services)
Onega Flotilla Coastal Services Northern Fleet Coastal Services Black Sea Fleet Coastal Services Caspian Flotilla Coastal Services Amur Military Flotilla Coastal Services 1943goast-p15.png
Shoulder board
to
service uniform
(Personnel of naval aviation)
Black See Fleet Air Arm Baltic Fleet Air Force Northern Fleet Air Force General Navy (naval aviation) Pacific Fleet Air Force 1943moravia-p15.png
Shoulder strap
to
service uniform
(Personnel of coastal services)
General Navy 1943goast-p19fl.png 1943goast-p18fl.png 1943goast-p17fl.png
Shoulder strap
to
service uniform
(Personnel of naval aviation)
Caspian Flotilla Air Service 1943moravia-p19fl.png 1943moravia-p18fl.png 1943moravia-p17fl.png
Rank designation Seaman Corporal Junior Sergeant Sergeant Staff Sergeant Starshina
NATO-equivalent OR-1 OR-4 OR-5 OR-6 OR-7 OR-8

See also

References

  1. ^ Decree of the "Presidium of the Supreme Soviet" of 16 January 1943
  2. ^ Decree of the "Presidium of the Supreme Soviet" of 9 October 1943
  3. ^ Decree of the "Presidium of the Supreme Soviet" of 26 June 1945
  4. ^ Decreel of the "Presidium of the Supreme Soviet" of 6 January 1943
  5. ^ Decree of the "Presidium of the Supreme Soviet" of 15 January 1943
  6. ^ Decree of the "Presidium of the Supreme Soviet" of 15 February 1943
Army General (Soviet rank)

Army general (Russian: генерал армии, general armii) was a rank of the Soviet Union which was first established in June 1940 as a high rank for Red Army generals, inferior only to the marshal of the Soviet Union. In the following 51 years the Soviet Union created 133 generals of the army, 32 of whom were later promoted to the rank of marshal of the Soviet Union. It is a direct counterpart of the Russian Federation's "Army general" rank.

Marshal of the branch

Marshal of the branch (or "marshal of the branch of service"; Russian: Ма́ршал ро́да во́йск; Marshal roda voysk) was from 1943 to 1974 the designation to a separate rank class in the general officer's rank group of the former Soviet Union's armed forces.

However, at that time, marshal of the branch was also the lowest marshal-rank of the Red Army, and later of the Soviet Army. In modern context, it might be comparable to the NATO OF9-rank.Marshal of the branch was nominal the equivalent rank level to army general (OF-9). However, general officers on that particular rank were not authorised, competent and mandated to be appointed to, or to act on the position of commander in chief of a big formation or command.

Ranks and insignia of the Red Army and Navy 1940–1943

The ranks and rank insignia of the Red Army and Red Navy between 1940 and 1943 were characterised by continuing reforms to the Soviet armed forces in the period immediately before Operation Barbarossa and the war of national survival following it. The Soviet suspicion of rank and rank badges as a bourgeois institution remained, but the increasing experience of Soviet forces, and the massive increase in manpower all played their part, including the creation of a number of new general officer ranks and the reintroduction of permanent enlisted ranks and ratings.

Military ranks and insignia by country
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