Ranks and insignia of the Russian Federation's armed forces 1994–2010

Ranks and insignia of the Russian Federation's armed forces from 1994 to 2010 were affected by the disintegration of the former Soviet armed forces, and there were other changes in insignia design when the newly established Russian Federation came into existence. The ranks depicted below were replaced with those adopted by decree № 293 of the President of the Russian Federation on 11 March 2010.[1] The transition began with the issue of new military uniforms to the armed services in 2008 in the Moscow area and in 2010 nationwide. The ranks of marshal of the branch and chief marshal were officially abolished as a result of the 1994 regulations.

Parade uniform
Service uniform
Field uniform
Parade uniform
Service uniform

Shoulder boards

Enlisted men

Enlisted men wear no rank on their working uniform shoulder boards. On parade uniforms, the shoulder board shows a Cyrillic letter symbol.

  • ВС — armed forces personnel (Russian: Bооружённые силы; vo'oruzhonnye sily)
  • Ф — fleet personnel (Russian: Флот; flot)
  • К — army and air force military student (Russian: Курсант; kursant)
  • Anchor — naval military student
  • Н — students of the Nakhimov Naval School (Russian: Нахимовское военно-морское училище; Nakhimovskoye voyenno-morskoye uchilishche)
  • СВУ — students of the Suvorov Military School (Russian: Суворовское военное училище; Suvorovskoye voyennoye uchilishche)
  • ВМУ — students of the school of military music (Russian: Военно-музыкальное училище; voyenno-muzykalnoye uchilishche)
  • КК — cadets of the cadet corps (Russian: Кадетский корпус; kadetsky korpus)
  • МКК — Kronstadt sea cadet corps (Russian: Кронштадтский морской кадетский корпус; Kronshtadtsky morskoy kadetsky korpus)
  • ВВ — internal troops (Russian: Внутренние войска; vnutrenniye voyska)

Non-commissioned officers

Non-commissioned officers up to staff sergeant (Russian: cтаршина; starshina) wear shoulder boards with the Cyrillic letter symbol for their branch and their rank stripes.

  • Field uniform — camouflage colour
  • Service uniform — yellow coloured
  • Parade uniform — gold coloured

Warrant officers and michman

Warrant officers and michman wore shoulder boards similar to enlisted personnel and non-commissioned officers, but their ranks were shown by small stars arranged in vertical order.

Distinction insignia

Enlisted personnel, NCOs and warrant officers

Enlisted personnel, NCOs and warrant officers (army and air force)
Designation Enlisted personnel NCOs Warrant officers
Shoulder board to
everyday & parade uniform

Military space forces (until 2001), space forces (from 2001) & airborne troops
RAF AF-ABTr R1Kursant 2010.png RFAF - Private - Every day green.png RFAF - Efreitor - Every day green.png RFAF - Junior Sergeant - Every day green.png RFAF - Sergeant - Every day green.png RFAF - Senior Sergeant - Every day green.png RFAF - Starshina - Every day green.png RAF ABTr W1Prap 2010.png RAF ABTr W2SenPrap 2010.png
Shoulder board to
everyday & parade uniform

Air force
RAF AF-ABTr R1Kursant 2010.png RFAF - Private - Every day green.png RFAF - Efreitor - Every day green.png RFAF - Junior Sergeant - Every day green.png RFAF - Sergeant - Every day green.png RFAF - Senior Sergeant - Every day green.png RFAF - Starshina - Every day green.png RAF AF W1Prap 2010.png RAF AF W2SenPrap 2010.png
Shoulder board to
everyday & parade uniform

Ground forces & strategic missile troops
Russia-Army-OF-(D)-1994-field.svg Russia-Army-OR-1-1994-field.svg Russia-Army-OR-2-1994-field.svg Russia-Army-OR-4-1994-field.svg Russia-Army-OR-5-1994-field.svg Russia-Army-OR-6-1994-field.svg Russia-Army-OR-8-1994-field.svg Russia-Army-OR-9a-1994-field.svg Russia-Army-OR-9b-1994-field.svg
Shoulder board to
field uniform

all service branches
Russia-Army-OF-(D)-camo.svg Rus private field.svg Rus efreitor field.svg Rus jun-serjant field.svg Rus serjant field.svg Rus st serjant field.svg Rus starshina field.svg RAF A W1Prap 2010field.svg RAF A W2SenPrap 2010field.svg
Rank designation
(ground & air forces)
Officer cadet Private Corporal Junior sergeant Sergeant Senior sergeant Staff sergeant Warrant officer Senior warrant officer
Курсант Рядовой Ефрейтор Младший сержант Сержант Старший сержант Старшина Прапорщик Старший прапорщик
Enlisted personnel, NCOs and warrant officers navy and naval forces
Designation Enlisted personnel NCOs Midshipmen
Shoulder board to

everyday uniform
Russia-Navy-OF-(D)-1994-everyday.svg Russia-Navy-OR-1-1994-everyday.svg Russia-Navy-OR-2-1994-everyday.svg Russia-Navy-OR-4-1994-everyday.svg Russia-Navy-OR-5-1994-everyday.svg Russia-Navy-OR-6-1994-everyday.svg Russia-Navy-OR-8-1994-everyday.svg Russia-Navy-OR-9a-1994-everyday.svg Russia-Navy-OR-9b-1994-everyday.svg
Shoulder board to

parade uniform
RAF N R1Kursant 2010par.png RAF N R1SM 2010parad.png RAF N R2SSM 2010par.png RAF N R4PO2ndC 1994-2010par.png RAF N R6PO1stC 1994-2010par.png RAF N R7CPO 1994-2010par.png RAF N R8SCPO 1994-2010par.png RAF N W1Michman 2010par.png RAF N W2SenMichm 2010par.png
Rating
designation
(naval services)
Officer cadet Sailor Senior
sailor
Petty officer
2nd class
Petty officer
1st class
Chief
petty officer
Chief
petty officer
of the ship
Midshipman Senior midshipman
Курсант Матрос Старший матрос Старшина
2 статьи
Старшина
1 статьи
Главный
старшина
Главный
корабельный
старшина
Мичман Старший мичман
...
(coastal services
and other shore commands)
Officer cadet Sailor Senior
sailor
Junior
sergeant
Sergeant Senior sergeant Staff sergeant Warrant officer Senior
warrant officer
Курсант Матрос Старший матрос Младший сержант Сержант Старший сержант Старшина Прапорщик Старший прапорщик
NATO-equivalent OF-(D) OR-1 OR-4 OR-5 OR-6 OF-7 OR-8 OR-9

Army, air force and naval officers

Shoulder boards up to company level
  • One vertical stripe, padding with basic ornament (in longitudinal direction appliqued cords in piston-embroidery), metal stars (small 13 mm diameter); shoulder boards to field uniforms simple without basic ornament.
Shoulder boards to field officers/ staff officers
  • Basic ornament identical to company level, two vertical stripes, metal stars (big 20 mm diameter).
Top level appointments
  • Basic ornament longitudinal- and vertical embroidery, embroidered stars (diameter 22 mm).
Marshal of the Russian Federation
  • Basic ornaments longitudinal-and vertical embroidery, one embroidered big star (diameter 40 mm), Coat of arms of Russia.

Officer insignia – army, air force, SMT, airborne and space forces

Officers of the Army and Air Force
Designation Officers up to company level Field officers General officers
Parade uniform
Army Russia-Army-OF-1a-1994-parade.svg Russia-Army-OF-1b-1994-parade.svg Russia-Army-OF-1c-1994-parade.svg Russia-Army-OF-2-1994-parade.svg Russia-Army-OF-3-1994-parade.svg Russia-Army-OF-4-1994-parade.svg Russia-Army-OF-5-1994-parade.svg Russia-Army-OF-6-1994-parade.svg Russia-Army-OF-7-1994-parade.svg Russia-Army-OF-8-1994-parade.svg Russia-Army-OF-9-1994-parade.svg Russia-Army-OF-9-1997-parade.svg Russia-Army-OF-10-1994-parade.svg
Air force
Airborne troops
Space forces
Strategic missile troops
Russia-AirForce-OF-1a-1994-parade.svg Russia-AirForce-OF-1b-1994-parade.svg Russia-AirForce-OF-1c-1994-parade.svg Russia-AirForce-OF-2-1994-parade.svg Russia-AirForce-OF-3-1994-parade.svg Russia-AirForce-OF-4-1994-parade.svg Russia-AirForce-OF-5-1994-parade.svg Russia-AirForce-OF-6-1994-parade.svg Russia-AirForce-OF-7-1994-parade.svg Russia-AirForce-OF-8-1994-parade.svg Russia-AirForce-OF-9-1994-parade.svg Russia-AirForce-OF-9-1997-parade.svg
Everyday uniform
Army Russia-Army-OF-1a-1994-field.svg Russia-Army-OF-1b-1994-field.svg Russia-Army-OF-1c-1994-field.svg Russia-Army-OF-2-1994-field.svg Russia-Army-OF-3-1994-field.svg Russia-Army-OF-4-1994-field.svg Russia-Army-OF-5-1994-field.svg Russia-Army-OF-6-1994-field.svg Russia-Army-OF-7-1994-field.svg Russia-Army-OF-8-1994-field.svg Russia-Army-OF-9-1994-field.svg Russia-Army-OF-9-1997-field.svg Russia-Army-OF-10-1994-field.svg
Air Force Russia-AirForce-OF-1a-1994-field.svg Russia-AirForce-OF-1b-1994-field.svg Russia-AirForce-OF-1c-1994-field.svg Russia-AirForce-OF-2-1994-field.svg Russia-AirForce-OF-3-1994-field.svg Russia-AirForce-OF-4-1994-field.svg Russia-AirForce-OF-5-1994-field.svg Russia-AirForce-OF-6-1994-field.svg Russia-AirForce-OF-7-1994-field.svg Russia-AirForce-OF-8-1994-field.svg Russia-AirForce-OF-9-1994-field.svg Russia-AirForce-OF-9-1997-field.svg
Airborne troops Russia-AirBorne-OF-1a-1994-field.svg Russia-AirBorne-OF-1b-1994-field.svg Russia-AirBorne-OF-1c-1994-field.svg Russia-AirBorne-OF-2-1994-field.svg Russia-AirBorne-OF-3-1994-field.svg Russia-AirBorne-OF-4-1994-field.svg Russia-AirBorne-OF-5-1994-field.svg Russia-AirBorne-OF-6-1994-field.svg Russia-AirBorne-OF-7-1994-field.svg Russia-AirBorne-OF-8-1994-field.svg Russia-AirBorne-OF-9-1994-field.svg Russia-AirBorne-OF-9-1997-field.svg
Field uniform
Army
Air force
Airborne troops
Russia-Army-OF-1a-camo.svg Russia-Army-OF-1b-camo.svg Russia-Army-OF-1c-camo.svg Russia-Army-OF-2-camo.svg Russia-Army-OF-3-camo.svg Russia-Army-OF-4-camo.svg Russia-Army-OF-5-camo.svg Russia-Army-OF-6-1994-camo.svg Russia-Army-OF-7-1994-camo.svg Russia-Army-OF-8-1994-camo.svg Russia-Army-OF-9-1994-camo.svg Russia-Army-OF-9-1997-camo.svg Russia-Army-OF-10-1994-camo.svg
(1994–1997) (1997–2010)
Rank designation English Junior lieutenant Lieutenant Senior lieutenant Captain Major Lieutenant colonel Colonel Major general Lieutenant general Colonel general General of the Army Marshal of the Russian Federation
Cyrillic Мл. лейтенант Лейтенант Ст. лейтенант Капитан Майор Подполковник Полковник Генерал-майор Генерал-лейтенант Генерал-полковник Генерал аpмии Маршал Российской Федерации
NATO-equivalent OF-1 OF-2 OF-3 OF-4 OF-5 OF-6 OF-7 OF-8 OF-9 OF-10

Officer insignia – navy

Naval officers
Junior officers Senior officers Flag officers
Parade uniform
Shoulder board
white – on shirt
Russia-Navy-OF-1a-1994-white.svg Russia-Navy-OF-1b-1994-white.svg Russia-Navy-OF-1c-1994-white.svg Russia-Navy-OF-2-1994-white.svg Russia-Navy-OF-3-1994-white.svg Russia-Navy-OF-4-1994-white.svg Russia-Navy-OF-5-1994-white.svg Russia-Navy-OF-6-1994-white.svg Russia-Navy-OF-7-1994-white.svg Russia-Navy-OF-8-1994-white.svg Russia-Navy-OF-9-1994-white.svg Russia-Navy-OF-9-1997-white.svg
Shoulder board
black
Russia-Navy-OF-1a-1994-parade.svg Russia-Navy-OF-1b-1994-parade.svg Russia-Navy-OF-1c-1994-parade.svg Russia-Navy-OF-2-1994-parade.svg Russia-Navy-OF-3-1994-parade.svg Russia-Navy-OF-4-1994-parade.svg Russia-Navy-OF-5-1994-parade.svg Russia-Navy-OF-6-1994-parade.svg Russia-Navy-OF-7-1994-parade.svg Russia-Navy-OF-8-1994-parade.svg Russia-Navy-OF-9-1994-parade.svg Russia-Navy-OF-9-1997-parade.svg
Everyday uniform
Shoulder board Russia-Navy-OF-1a-1994-everyday.svg Russia-Navy-OF-1b-1994-everyday.svg Russia-Navy-OF-1c-1994-everyday.svg Russia-Navy-OF-2-1994-everyday.svg Russia-Navy-OF-3-1994-everyday.svg Russia-Navy-OF-4-1994-everyday.svg Russia-Navy-OF-5-1994-everyday.svg Russia-Navy-OF-6-1994-everyday.svg Russia-Navy-OF-7-1994-everyday.svg Russia-Navy-OF-8-1994-everyday.svg Russia-Navy-OF-9-1994-everyday.svg Russia-Navy-OF-9-1997-everyday.svg
Sleeve rank insignia UdSSR Navy 1943-1991 OF1c insignia.svg UdSSR Navy 1943-1991 OF1b insignia.svg UdSSR Navy 1943-1991 OF1a insignia.svg UdSSR Navy 1943-1991 OF2 insignia.svg UdSSR Navy 1943 OF3 insignia.svg UdSSR Navy 1943 OF4 insignia.svg UdSSR Navy 1943 OF5 insignia.svg Russia-Navy-OF-6-Sleeve.svg Russia-Navy-OF-7-Sleeve.svg Russia-Navy-OF-8-Sleeve.svg Russia-Navy-OF-9-Sleeve.svg
(1994–1997) (1997–2010)
Rank designation
naval forces at sea
Junior lieutenant Lieutenant Senior lieutenant Captain lieutenant Captain 3rd rank Captain 2nd rank Captain 1st rank Rear admiral Vice admiral Admiral Admiral of the fleet
Rank designation
coastal defence & other services
Junior lieutenant Lieutenant Senior lieutenant Captain Major Lieutenant colonel Colonel Major general Lieutenant general Colonel general No equivalent
NATO-equivalent OF-1 OF-2 OF-3 OF-4 OF-5 OF-6 OF-7 OF-8 OF-9

See also

References

  1. ^ Decreed № 293 of the president of the Russian Federation … on changes to form and design of rank insignia of the Russian Federation's armed forces from March 11, 2010, in use from 1994 to 2010.
Army General (Soviet rank)

Army general (Russian: генерал армии, general armii) was a rank of the Soviet Union which was first established in June 1940 as a high rank for Red Army generals, inferior only to the marshal of the Soviet Union. In the following 51 years the Soviet Union created 133 generals of the army, 32 of whom were later promoted to the rank of marshal of the Soviet Union. It is a direct counterpart of the Russian Federation's "Army general" rank.

Ranks and insignia of the Soviet Armed Forces 1943–1955

Ranks and rank insignia of the Soviet Armed Forces in the period 1943–1955 were characterised by a number of changes in the armed forces of the Soviet Union, including the reintroduction of rank insignia badges and the adoption of a number of higher ranks.

Military ranks and insignia by country
Africa
Americas
Asia
Europe
Oceania
Post-Soviet states
Commonwealth of Nations
NATO

Languages

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.