Rank insignia of the Iranian military

This article tackes the ranks and insignia of the Armed Forces of the Islamic Republic of Iran, which is divided into three forces:

The IRIA is divided into four branches of service:

  • Army ground forces
  • Air force
  • Air defense force
  • Navy

Official military ranks

The army, air force, air defence and police use the same rank system, while the revolutionary guard and the navy have separate systems of their own.

Iranian Army commissioned officers and enlisted ranks

IRI.Army Ground Force Seal
Officers
Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) and student officer
Iran Iran
(Edit)
No equivalent Major General Major General Major General Brigadier General Brigadier General Colonel Lieutenant Colonel Major Captain First Lieutenant Second Lieutenant Third Lieutenant 04.IRIA-4thY-SO.svg 03.IRIA-3rdY-SO.svg 02.IRIA-2ndY-SO.svg 01.IRIA-1stY-SO.svg
General
ارتشبد
Lieutenant General
سپهبد
Major General
سرلشکر
Brigadier General
سرتیپ
2nd Brigadier General
سرتیپ دوم
Colonel
سرهنگ
Lieutenant Colonel
سرهنگ دوم
Major
سرگرد
Captain
سروان
1st Lieutenant
ستوان یکم
2nd Lieutenant
ستوان دوم
3rd Lieutenant
ستوان سوم
Officer Cadet
(دانشجوی دانشگاه افسری امام علی (ع
Enlisted
Equivalent
NATO code
OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
Iran Iran
(Edit)
Ostovar 1-k.png Ostovar 2-c.png Goruhban 1-k.png Goruhban 2-c.png Goruhban 3-k.png Sarjukhe-c.png Sarbaz 1-k.png Sarbaz 2-c.png Sarbaz -k.png
Sergeant Major
استوار یکم
Master Sergeant
استوار دوم
Sergeant First Class
گروهبان یکم
Staff Sergeant
گروهبان دوم
Sergeant
گروهبان سوم
Corporal
سرجوخه
Private First Class
سرباز یکم
Private (E-2)
سرباز دوم
Private
سرباز

Iranian Air Force commissioned officers and enlisted ranks

Seal of the Islamic Republic of Iran Air Force
Officers
Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) and student officer
Iran Iran
(Edit)
No equivalent 21- ارتشبد--IRIAF.png 20- سپهبد--IRIAF.png 19- سرلشگر--IRIAF.png 18- سرتیپ--IRIAF.png 17- سرتیپ دوم--IRIAF.png 16- سرهنگ--IRIAF.png 15- سرهنگ دوم--IRIAF.png 14- سرگرد--IRIAF.png 13- سروان--IRIAF.png 12- ستوان یکم--IRIAF.png 11- ستوان دوم--IRIAF.png 10- ستوان سوم--IRIAF.png 04. IRIAF-4Y-OC.svg 03. IRIAF-3Y-OC.svg 02. IRIAF-2Y-OC.svg 01. IRIAF-1Y-OC.svg
General
ارتشبد
Lieutenant General
سپهبد
Major General
سرلشکر
Brigadier General
سرتیپ
Second Brigadier General
سرتیپ دوم
Colonel
سرهنگ
Lieutenant Colonel
سرهنگ دوم
Major
سرگرد
Captain
سروان
First Lieutenant
ستوان یکم
Second Lieutenant
ستوان دوم
Third Lieutenant
ستوان سوم
Officer Cadet
دانشجوی دانشگاه هوایی
Enlisted
Equivalent
NATO Code
OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
Iran Iran
(Edit)
9- استوار يكم--IRIAF.png 8- استوار دوم--IRIAF.png 7- گروهبان يكم--IRIAF.png 6- گروهبان دوم--IRIAF.png 5- گروهبان سوم--IRIAF.png 4- سرجوخه--IRIAF.png 3- سرباز یکم--IRIAF.png 2- سرباز دوم--IRIAF.png 1- سرباز--IRIAF.png
Chief Master Sergeant
استوار یکم
Senior Master Sergeant
استوار دوم
Master sergeant
گروهبان یکم
Technical sergeant
گروهبان دوم
Staff Sergeant
گروهبان سوم
Senior airman
سرجوخه
Airman first class
سرباز یکم
Airman
سرباز دوم
Airman basic
سرباز

Iranian Air Defense Force commissioned officers and enlisted ranks

Seal of the Islamic Republic of Iran Air Defense Force
Officers
Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) and student officer
Iran Iran
(Air Defense Force)

(Edit)
No equivalent
20- IRIADF-LTG.png 19- IRIADF-MG.png 18- IRIADF-BG.png 17- IRIADF-BG2.png 16- IRIADF-COL.png 15- IRIADF-LTC.png 14- IRIADF-MAJ.png 13- IRIADF-CPT.png 12- IRIADF-1LT.png 11- IRIADF-2LT.png 10- IRIADF-3LT.png 04.IRIADF-4thY-SO.svg 03.IRIADF-3rdY-SO.svg 02.IRIADF-2ndY-SO.svg 01.IRIADF-1stY-SO.svg
Lieutenant General
امیر سپهبد

Just used for Martyr Generals
Major General
امیر سرلشکر
Brigadier General
امیر سرتیپ
Second Brigadier Generalامیر سرتیپ دوم Colonel
سرهنگ
Lieutenant Colonel
سرهنگ دوم
Major
سرگرد
Captain
سروان
First Lieutenant
ستوان یکم
Second Lieutenant
ستوان دوم
Third Lieutenant
ستوان سوم
Officer Cadet
دانشجوی دانشگاه پدافند هوایی

General (ارتشبد)

Enlisted
Enlisted rank insignia of the Iranian Air Defense Force
First Ostovar Second Ostovar First sergeant Second Sergeant Third Sergeant Corporal First Soldier Second Soldier Soldier
Persian: استوار یکم Persian: استوار دوم Persian: گروهبان یکم Persian: گروهبان دوم Persian: گروهبان سوم Persian: سرجوخه Persian: سرباز یکم Persian: سرباز دوم Persian: سرباز
9- IRIADF-CSM
8- IRIADF-SGM
7- IRIADF-SFC
6- IRIADF-SSG
5- IRIADF-Sgt
4- IRIADF-Cpl
3- IRIADF-PFC
2- IRIADF-PV2
1- IRIADF-PV1

Iranian Navy commissioned officers and enlisted ratings

Seal of the Islamic Republic of Iran Navy
Officers
Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) and student officer
Iran
(Edit)
No equivalent
20-IRIN-VADM.svg 20-IRIN-VADM-(Sleeve) 19-IRIN-RADM.svg 19-IRIN-RADM-(Sleeve) 18-Daryadar 17-Daryadar 2 16-IRIN-CAPT.svg 16-IRIN-CAPT-(Sleeve) 15-IRIN-CDR.svg 15-IRIN-CDR-(Sleeve) 14-IRIN-LCDR.svg 14-IRIN-LCDR-(Sleeve) 13-IRIN-LT.svg 13-IRIN-LT-(Sleeve) 12-IRIN-LTJN.svg 12-IRIN-LTJN-(Sleeve) 11-IRIN-ENS.svg 11-IRIN-ENS-(Sleeve) 10-IRIN-PENS.svg 10-IRIN-PENS-(Sleeve) 04.IRIN-4thY-SO.svg 03.IRIN-3rdY-SO.svg 02.IRIN-2ndY-SO.svg 01.IRIN-1stY-SO.svg
Daryāsālār دریاسالار)
Admiral
Just used for Martyr Flag Officers
Daryābān (دریابان)
Vice Admiral
Daryādār (دریادار)
Rear Admiral
Daryādār Do (دریادار 2)
Flotilla Admiral
Nākhodā Yekomn (ناخدا یکم)
Captain
Nākhodā Dovom (ناخدا دوم)
Commander
Nākhodā Sevom (ناخدا سوم)
Lieutenant Commander
Nāvsarvān (ناوسروان)
Senior Lieutenant
Nāvbān Yekom (ناوبان یکم)
Lieutenant
Nāvbān Dovom (ناوبان دوم)
Junior Lieutenant
Nāvbān Sevom (ناوبان سوم)
Ensign
Officer Cadet
دانشجوی دانشگاه امام خمینی (ره)
21-Daryabod

Admiral of the Fleet (دریابد)

Enlisted ratings
Equivalent
NATO code
OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
Iran Iran
(Edit)
9- ناواستوار یکم.png 8- ناواستوار دوم.png 7- مهناوی يكم.png 6- مهناوی دوم.png 5- مهناوی سوم.png 4- Sar Navi.png 3- Navi 1.png 2- Navi 2.png 1- Navi.png
Nāvostovār Yekom Nāvostovār Dovom Mahnāvi Yekom Mahnāvi Dovom Mahnāvi Sevom Sarnāvi Nāvi Yekom Nāvi Dovom Nāvi
ناواستوار یکم ناواستوار دوم مهناوی یکم مهناوی دوم مهناوی سوم سرناوی ناوی یکم ناوی دوم ناوی
Master Chief Petty Officer Senior Chief Petty Officer Chief Petty Officer Petty Officer First Class Petty Officer Second Class Petty Officer Third Class Seaman Seaman Apprentice Seaman Recruit

Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps commissioned officers and enlisted ranks

Seal of the Army of the Guardians of the Islamic Revolution
Officers
Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) and student officer
Iran Iran
(Revolutionary Guard Coprs)

(Edit)
No equivalent General of the Army Major General Major General Brigadier General Brigadier General Colonel Lieutenant Colonel Major Captain First Lieutenant Second Lieutenant Third Lieutenant 04.IRGC-4thY-SO.svg 03.IRGC-3rdY-SO.svg 02.IRGC-2ndY-SO.svg 01.IRGC-1stY-SO.svg
Guardian General of the Army
ارتشبد پاسدار
Guardian Lieutenant General
سپهبد پاسدار
Guardian Major General
سرلشگر پاسدار
Guardian Brigadier General
سرتیپ پاسدار
Guardian 2nd Brigadier General
سرتیپ دوم پاسدار
Guardian Colonel
سرهنگ پاسدار
Guardian Lieutenant Colonel
سرهنگ دوم پاسدار
Guardian Major
سرگرد پاسدار
Guardian Captain
سروان پاسدار
Guardian 1st Lieutenant
ستوان یکم پاسدار
Guardian 2nd Lieutenant
ستوان دوم پاسدار
Guardian 3rd Lieutenant
ستوان سوم پاسدار
Officer Cadet
دانشجوی دانشگاه افسری امام حسین (ع)
Enlisted
Enlisted
Equivalent
NATO code
OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
Iran Iran
(Revolutionary Guard Coprs)

(Edit)
9- Razmdar 1st-IRGC.png 8- Razmdar 2nd-IRGC.png 7- Razmavar 1st-IRGC.png 6- Razmavar 2nd-IRGC.png 5- Razmavar 3rd-IRGC.png 4- Razmyar-IRGC.png 3- Sarbaz 1st-IRGC.png 2- Sarbaz 2nd-IRGC.png 1- Sarbaz-IRGC.png
Sergeant Major
Persian: رزم‌دار یکم
Master Sergeant
Persian: رزم‌دار دوم
Sergeant First Class
Persian: رزم‌آور یکم
Staff Sergeant
Persian: رزم‌آور دوم
Sergeant
Persian: رزم‌آور سوم
Corporal
Persian: رزم‌یار
Private First Class
Persian: سرباز یکم
Private (E-2)
Persian: سرباز دوم
Private
Persian: سرباز

Law Enforcement Force of Islamic Republic of Iran commissioned officers and enlisted ranks

NAJA
Officers
Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) and student officer
Iran Iran
(Police)

(Edit)
No equivalent Major General Brigadier General Brigadier General Colonel Lieutenant Colonel Major Captain First Lieutenant Second Lieutenant Third Lieutenant 04.IRIP-4thY-SO.svg 03.IRIP-3rdY-SO.svg 02.IRIP-2ndY-SO.svg 01.IRIP-1stY-SO.svg
Guardian Major General
سرلشگر پاسدار
Guardian Brigadier General
سرتیپ پاسدار
Guardian 2nd Brigadier General
سرتیپ دوم پاسدار
Guardian Colonel
سرهنگ پاسدار
Guardian Lieutenant Colonel
سرهنگ دوم پاسدار
Guardian Major
سرگرد پاسدار
Guardian Captain
سروان پاسدار
Guardian 1st Lieutenant
ستوان یکم پاسدار
Guardian 2nd Lieutenant
ستوان دوم پاسدار
Guardian 3rd Lieutenant
ستوان سوم پاسدار
Officer Cadet
دانشجوی دانشگاه انتظامی امین
Enlisted
Equivalent
NATO code
OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
Iran Iran
(Police)

(Edit)
8-Ostovar 1 - Naja 7-Ostovar 2 - Naja 6-Grouhban 1 - Naja 5-Grouhban 2 - Naja 4-Grouhban 3 - Naja 3-Sarjukhe - Naja 2-sarbaz 1 - Naja 1-sarbaz 1 - Naja 0-Sarbaz 0 - Naja.png
Sergeant Major
استوار یکم
Master Sergeant
استوار دوم
Sergeant
First Class

گروهبان یکم
Staff Sergeant
گروهبان دوم
Sergeant
گروهبان سوم‎
Corporal
سرجوخه‎
Policeman
First Class

سرباز یکم
Senior Policeman
سرباز دوم
Policeman
سرباز

Notes on ranks

Junior personnel

Private (Sarbāz dovom) (سرباز دوم) or equivalent rank is usually awarded by the end of six months of service after basic training.

Ostovar

The rank of ostovar, a Persian word which in principle means "solid" or "steady", is equivalent to the English-speaking ranks of warrant officers or sergeants major.

General officers

  • Second Brigadier General (Sartip dovom) (سرتيپ دوم) and second flotilla admiral (Daryādār dovom) (دریادار دوم) were created after the Islamic revolution of Iran as part of a new modified ranking system.
  • Major General (Sarlashkar) (سرلشكر) and the naval equivalent of Rear Admiral (Daryābān) (دریابان) are currently the rank of the heads of the Artesh, Sepah, and the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
  • Lieutenant General (Sepahbod) (سپهبد) and the naval rank of Admiral (daryāsālār) (دریاسالار) have not been in use since the Iran–Iraq War.
  • General (Arteshbod) (ارتشبد) and Admiral (Daryābod) (دریابد) have not been conferred since the Iranian Revolution.
  • Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (Farmāndehe setāde kolle niroohāye mosallah) (فرمانده ستاد کل نیروهای مسلح): It is the highest military post acting as the Chief of Armed Forces General Staff. The post oversees all Commanding Generals of different branches of Iran's armed forces including army, navy, air force, IRGC and other forces. It is not a military rank by itself but only an appointment, and the holder wears the insignia of the current rank.
  • Commander in Chief (Farmāndehe kolle ghovā) (فرمانده كل قوا) or (Bozorgarteshtārān) (بزرگ‌ارتشتاران): It is the highest political command of the armed forces and is not a military rank by itself. This post is reserved for the Supreme Leader of Iran by the Iranian constitution and as such, does not wear any rank insignia at all.

See also

References

Armed Forces of the Islamic Republic of Iran

The Iranian Armed Forces (Persian: نيروهای مسلح جمهوری اسلامی ايران‎) comprise the Army (Artesh), the Revolutionary Guard Corps (Sepāh) and the Law Enforcement Force (Police) of the Islamic Republic of Iran.These forces total about 523,000 active personnel (not including the Law Enforcement Force). All branches of armed forces fall under the command of General Staff of Armed Forces. The Ministry of Defense and Armed Forces Logistics is responsible for planning logistics and funding of the armed forces and is not involved with in-the-field military operational command.

Iran's military is ranked as the 14th most powerful armed forces in the world by Global Firepower's 2019 Military Strength Ranking, losing its 2018 rank of 13th due to US sanctions placed on Iran in August of 2018.

Equipment of the Iranian Army

From 1925 to the Iranian Revolution in 1979, Iran was mostly equipped with Western hardware. Cases exist where Iran was supplied with equipment even before it was made standard in the countries that developed it (for example the US F-14 Tomcat, or the British Chieftain). Primary suppliers included the United States, Britain, France, West Germany, Italy, Israel, and the Soviet Union.

The Iran–Iraq War, and post revolutionary sanctions at the time had a dramatic effect on Iran's inventory of western equipment. Under the pressures of war all supplies were quickly exhausted and replacements became increasingly difficult to come by. The war eventually forced Iran to turn towards Pakistan, North Korea, Brazil, and China to meet its short term military requirements.

Initial developments in every field of military technology were carried out with the technical support of Russia, China, and North Korea to lay the foundations for future industries.

Iranian reliance on these countries has rapidly decreased over the last decade in most sectors where Iran has gained almost total independence; however, in some sectors such as the Aerospace sector Iran is still greatly reliant on external help. Iran has developed the capacity to reverse engineer existing foreign hardware, adapt it to its own requirements and then manufacture the finished product. Examples of this are the Boragh and the HESA Azarakhsh. In an attempt to make its military industries more sustainable Iran has also sought to export its military products.

This page includes weapons used by both Iranian army and Revolutionary Guards ground forces.

Historical equipment of the Iranian Army

This article will only consider military equipment that has been used since 1925, and is no longer considered 'standard issue' within the regular armed forces.

From 1925 to the Iranian Revolution in 1979, Iran used to be equipped with the very latest Western hardware. Cases exist where Iran was supplied with equipment even before it was made standard in the countries that developed it (for example the US F-14 Tomcat, or the British Chieftain Tank). The Iran–Iraq War, and post-revolutionary sanctions at the time had a dramatic effect on Iran's inventory of Western equipment. Under the pressures of war all supplies were quickly exhausted and replacements became increasingly difficult to come by. Despite severe concerns regarding quality and effective design, the war eventually forced Iran to turn towards the Soviet Union and China amongst others to meet its short term military requirements. Nevertheless, the experience of using advanced and high quality Western equipment was not lost on any of the branches of the Iranian armed forces. Severely disappointed with the inferior Russian and Eastern equipment, Iran sought to develop its own indigenous ability to mirror the high technology of the west and to provide a totally reliable source of equipment for the future.

Imperial Guard (Iran)

The Immortal Guard of the Iranian Empire (Persian: گارد جاویدان شاهنشاهی ایران‎, romanized: gārd-e jāvidān-e šāhanšāhi-e irān) was both the personal guard force of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, the last Shah of Iran, and an elite combat branch of the Imperial Iranian Army. It was created in 1942 and disbanded in 1979 following the Iranian Revolution. It was named after the Immortals, an elite unit of 10,000 Persian soldiers in the army of the Achaemenid Empire.

International rankings of Iran

The following are international rankings for Iran: §

Islamic Republic of Iran Army Ground Forces

The Islamic Republic of Iran Army Ground Forces (Persian: نیروی زمینی ارتش جمهوری اسلامی ایران‎), acronymed NEZAJA (Persian: نزاجا‎) is the ground forces of the Islamic Republic of Iran Army.

In Iran, it is also called Artesh, (ارتش) which is Persian for "army." In 2007, the regular Iranian Army was estimated to have 350,000 personnel (220,000 conscripts and 130,000 professionals) plus around 350,000 reservists for a total of 700,000 soldiers according to the CSIS. Conscripts serve for 21 months and have professional military training.

Iran has two parallel land forces with some integration at the command level: the regular Artesh (Army), and the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps, also known as the Sepaah (IRGC).

List of Iranian field marshals

The following individuals held the rank of field marshal in Iran (Persia).

HH Prince Husain Quli Khan-e Qajar Quyunlu (1742–1831)

HH Prince Ja'afar Quli Khan-e Khajar Quyunlu (1751–1790)

HH Amir Muhammad Qasim Khan-e Qajar Quyunlu (d. 1831)

HIH Crown Prince Abbas Mirza (1789–1833)

HIH Prince Hasan Ali Mirza (1789–1853)

HIH Prince Ali Shah Mirza (1796–1854)

HIM Fath-Ali Shah Qajar (1797–1834)

HIH Prince Kaikhusru Mirza (1809–1857)

HIH Prince Bahman Mirza Qajar (1811–1884)

HIH Prince Sultan Masud Mirza (1850–1918)

1899 - HRH Prince Vajihullah Mirza (1854–1905)

HIH Prince Kamran Mirza (1856–1927)

HIH Prince Abul Husain Mirza (1858–1939)

1921 - Rezā Khan (later HIM Rezā Shāh Pahlavī) (1878–1944)

HIM Mohammad Rezā Shāh Pahlavī (1919–1980)

HH Amir Mirza Muhammad Khan-e Qajar Devehlu

HSH Mirza Muhammad Taqi Khan-e Farahani

Agha Vali Khan

HSH Mirza Hosein Khan Qazvini

Mirza Muhammad Bakir Khan

List of comparative military ranks

This article is a list of various states' armed forces ranking designations. Comparisons are made between the different systems used by nations to categorize the hierarchy of an armed force compared to another. Several of these lists mention NATO reference codes. These are the NATO rank reference codes, used for easy comparison among NATO countries. Links to comparison charts can be found below.

List of military equipment manufactured in Iran

In recent years, the Iranian government states that it has self-sufficiency in essential military hardware and defense systems.Tehran established an arms development program during the Iran–Iraq War to counter the weapons embargo imposed on it by the US and its Western allies. Since 1992, Iran has manufactured its own tanks, armored personnel carriers, missiles, radars, boats, submarines, unmanned aerial vehicles, and fighter planes.

Ostovar

Ostovar may refer to:

Ostovar, a Persian word equivalent to the English-speaking ranks of warrant officers or sergeant majors. See Rank insignia of the Iranian military#Ostovar

Houshang Ostovar or Hoochang Ostovar (1927–2016), Persian symphonic music composer and instructor

Structure of the Iranian Army Ground Forces

The following article lists three Orders of Battle for the Iranian Army at different periods.

Note, that this is not the order of battle of the Iranian Revolutionary Guards but of the regular ground forces (Artesh).

Military ranks and insignia by country
Africa
Americas
Asia
Europe
Oceania
Post-Soviet states
Commonwealth of Nations
NATO

Languages

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