Ramree Island

Ramree Island (Burmese: ရမ်းဗြဲကျွန်း; also spelled Ramri Island) is an island off the coast of Rakhine State, Myanmar (Burma). The area of the island is about 1,350 square kilometres (520 sq mi) and the main populated center is Ramree.

Ramree Island

ရမ်းဗြဲကျွန်း
View of Thun Site River from Ramree Island
View of Thun Site River from Ramree Island
Ramree Island is located in Myanmar
Ramree Island
Ramree Island
Coordinates: 19°4′N 93°50′E / 19.067°N 93.833°E
CountryMyanmar
DivisionRakhine State
Area
 • Total1,350 km2 (520 sq mi)
Elevation
300 m (984 ft)
Time zoneUTC+6:30 (MMT)

Geography

The island is separated from the mainland by a narrow canal-like strait, which is only 150 metres (490 ft) wide in average. There is a bridge over the strait connecting the island with the continental shore. The highest point is Zikha Taung, a 984 feet (300 m) high hill located near the western shore in the southern part of the island.[1] There are mud volcanoes present on the island.

Zikha Taung
Zikha Taung or The Highest Point of Ramree Island

Nearby islands

  • Sagu Kyun is a 5-kilometre (3.1 mi) long and 4-kilometre (2.5 mi) wide island located off the southern cape of Ramree, separated from it by a 2.4-kilometre (1.5 mi) wide strait.
  • Magyi Kyun is a 2.2-kilometre (1.4 mi) long islet off the southern end of Sagu Kyun.
  • Cheduba Island lies further offshore, about 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) from the south-western coast of Ramree Island.

History

During World War II the Battle of Ramree Island was fought during January and February 1945, as part of the British 14th Army 1944/45 offensive on the Southern Front of the Burma Campaign. At the close of the battle, Japanese soldiers were forced into the marshes surrounding the island, and saltwater crocodiles are claimed to have eaten 400 (or 980 of them, as only 20 survived according to one account)[2] — in what the Guinness World Records has listed as "The Greatest Disaster Suffered [by humans] from Animals". However, the veracity of this story has been disputed and the facts suggest that, while a small number of Japanese soldiers were likely killed by crocodiles (the only verifiable mention is of 10-15 men killed by crocodiles while crossing Min Chaung creek near Ramree town), the vast majority likely died due to a variety of other reasons including dehydration, drowning, British gun-fire, dysentery, and perhaps even a small number to sharks as well (Platt et al. 1998).

Wildlife

Saltwater crocodiles were still common in the Ramree Island region up and into the 1960s, but the region no longer supports a viable population of crocodiles, likely due to hide-hunting, and by the early 1980s evidence suggested only scattered individuals remained.

Proposed pipeline

Ramree Island is also the location of a proposed gas pipeline system to be built on the Indian Ocean coast to the province of Yunnan in China. From a deep water port to be completed on Kyaukphyu in Rakhine State and from Ramree Island, oil from the Middle East and gas from Myanmar's ocean coast will be transported through the pipelines to China. The pipelines will enable China to rely less on ocean-transported oil and gas through the treacherous Strait of Malacca and will also cut two weeks off the potential transport time. The pipeline transport fees will be a source of revenue for the Burmese government, on top of the sale of the gas.[3] Construction began in 2011.[4] The Myanmar section of the gas pipeline was completed on 12 June 2013 and gas started to flow to China on 21 October 2013. The oil pipeline was completed in August 2014.[5]

See also

References

  1. ^ Prostar Sailing Directions 2005 India & Bay of Bengal. Enroute. National Geospatial-intelligence Agency (Feb 1, 2007). p. 168
  2. ^ Top 10 Places You Don’t Want To Visit, 5: Ramree Island, Burma
  3. ^ Burmese junta profits from Chinese pipeline - Telegraph
  4. ^ "Kyaukpyu to Kunming pipeline construction officially commenced", 18 August 2011, ramree.com
  5. ^ sources and more details here.

External links

26th Indian Infantry Division

The 26th Indian Infantry Division, was an infantry division of the Indian Army during World War II. It fought in the Burma Campaign.

436 Transport Squadron

436 Transport Squadron is a unit of the Royal Canadian Air Force. It currently operates the CC-130J Super Hercules from 8 Wing Trenton in Trenton, Ontario.

804 Naval Air Squadron

804 Naval Air Squadron (804 NAS) was a Naval Air Squadron of the Royal Navy, formed in November 1939 from part of 769 NAS Sea Gladiators which had been detached to RNAS Hatston. The squadron was merged into 800 NAS in June 1944 and subsequently reformed in September.

Battle of Ramree Island

The Battle of Ramree Island (also Operation Matador) was fought in January and February 1945, during the Second World War, as part of the XV Indian Corps offensive on the Southern Front in the Burma Campaign. Ramree Island (Yangbye Kywan) lies off the Burma coast, 110 km (70 mi) south of Akyab (now Sittwe). The island had been captured by the Imperial Japanese Army in early 1942, along with the rest of Southern Burma. In January 1945, the Allies launched an attack to retake Ramree and its neighbour Cheduba Island, to establish airbases on the islands for the supply of the mainland campaign. There have been reports of Japanese soldiers being eaten by saltwater crocodiles living in the inland mangrove swamps; the Guinness Book of World Records has listed it as "worst crocodile disaster in the world" and "most number of fatalities in a crocodile attack" but scientists and historians have dismissed this as implausible.

Cheduba Island

Cheduba Island (Burmese: မာန္ေအာင္ကြၽန္း; also known as Manaung Island) is an island in the Bay of Bengal close to Ramree Island and belongs to Myanmar, formerly Burma. It has a maximum length of 33 km (21 mi), with an area of approximately 523 km2 (202 sq mi)

Cheduba had a population of 63,761 as of 1983, composed chiefly of Burmese and Arakanese peoples. The main economic activities on the island are farming and cattle raising.

Araka = Country name.

Arakan = Nations.

That is old writing with Anglican literature.

Now, everybody changed spelling of countries name,

ရခိုင္ ။

Arca = country

Arcan = nations

Alphabet, the most earliest founded place is around the country.

Crocodile attack

Crocodile attacks on humans are common in places where large crocodilians are native and human populations live. Less than half of the 25 crocodilian species have been involved in fatal attacks on humans, and only crocodilians about 2.5 metres (8.2 ft) in length or more represent a serious danger to humans, as smaller crocodilians are considered incapable of killing adults. However, even the smallest species can inflict painful bites requiring stitches. In addition, a small child may be of a similar size to the prey of some of the crocodilian species incapable of preying on adult humans. It has been estimated that about 1,000 people are killed by crocodilians each year.

HMS Ameer (D01)

The escort carrier USS Baffins (CVE-35) (originally AVG-35, then later ACV-35) was launched 18 October 1942 by Seattle-Tacoma Shipbuilding, Tacoma, Washington; sponsored by Mrs. Laurence Bennett, wife of Commander Bennett; and commissioned 28 June 1943, Captain W. L. Rees in command. She was named after Baffin Bay in southern Texas.

HMS Pathfinder

Two ships of the Royal Navy have borne the name HMS Pathfinder.

HMS Pathfinder (1904), launched in 1904, was a light cruiser, the lead ship of her class. She was sunk at the start of World War I by U-21, becoming the first ship to ever be sunk by a torpedo fired by submarine.

HMS Pathfinder (G10), launched in 1941, was a P-class destroyer. She served in World War II, sank the German submarines U-162 and U-203, and was rendered a constructive loss by air attack off Ramree Island, Burma on 11 February 1945, she was finally broken up at Milford Haven in November 1948.

Harold Rose (economist)

Harold Bertram Rose (9 August 1923 – 10 March 2018) was an English economist and professor at the London School of Economics and the London Business School. He served in the Royal Artillery during the Second World War and participated in the Battle of Ramree Island in 1945.

Kamein

The Kamein (Burmese: ကမိန်လူမျိုး), also known as the Kaman (ကမန်), are a predominantly Muslim ethnic group that primarily reside in Rakhine State, Myanmar. The name Kaman comes from Persian, meaning a "bow." The Kaman are formally recognized by the Burmese government and classified as one of the 7 ethnic groups comprising the Rakhine national race. The Kaman are considered indigenous and are widely acknowledged as Burmese citizens who hold national identity cards.The Kaman have been disproportionately affected by riots in Rakhine State in 2012.The Kaman people are religiously less conservative as the Rohingya people. Most, but not all Kaman women do not wear a hijab, as many of them work in agriculture.

Kyaukphyu Special Economic Zone

Kyaukphyu Special Economic Zone (Burmese: ကျောက်ဖြူအထူးစီးပွားရေးဇုန်; abbreviated Kyaukphyu SEZ) is a 1,600 hectares (4,000 acres) Burmese special economic zone being developed on Kyaukphyu, Ramree Island, Rakhine State. Kyaukphyu SEZ was first announced in September 2013. The project initially began as a joint venture between the Chinese and Burmese governments, but has since transitioned to private developers. Kyaukphyu SEZ will be accessible to the Shwe gas field in the Bay of Bengal. The oil and gas terminal was financed by the China National Petroleum Corporation which built two pipelines for natural gas and oil.The Myanmar press reported on the signing of an agreement between the consortium 26 May 2014 in Naypyitaw, led by CPG Consultants and PM Link, and the Kyauk Phyu Special Economic Zone Management Committee for the development of the master plan and management of the tender process for the Kyauk Phyu Economic Zone (SEZ).

The consortium comprises CPG Consultants Pte Ltd, DTZ Debenham Tie Leung (SEA) Pte Ltd, Ernst & Young Solutions LLP, Global Maritime And Port Services Pte Ltd and PM Link Pte Ltd.

Kyaukpyu Township

Kyaukpyu Township (Burmese: ကျောက်ဖြူမြို့နယ်) is a township of Kyaukpyu District in the Rakhine State of Myanmar. The principal town is Kyaukpyu.At Ma Day Island of Kyaukpyu Township, a deep sea port was being built by Aisa World Company by investment of China National Petroleum Corporation.

Manaung Township

Manaung (Burmese: မာန်အောင်မြို့နယ်) is a township of Kyaukpyu District in the Rakhine State of Western Myanmar. The principal town is Manaung. Manaung Township, situated on Manaung Island consists of three islands: Manaung Island, Ye Kyun Island and Taik Kyun Island. Manaung is not only a township of Kyaukpyu District but also the second biggest island of Rakhine State in Myanmar.

There are Bay of Bengal in the West and Northwest, Ramree Island in the Northeast, Ye Kyun Island in the South and Taungup in the East. Manaung Island, about 55 miles in circumference, is situated at 18'47 (898'N) and 93'98 (472'E) in the Rakhine Coast of Myanmar.

The highest mountain is 972 feet (296 m) high and the lowest level is 6 feet (1.8 m) above sea level. Manaung Township is 202.05 square mile (Area 120309) wide. The population was 95927 on October 31, 2007.

There are 5 wards and 138 villages in Manaung Township.

Manaung Township has 94724 of Rakhine, 937 of Chin, 3 of Myo, 2 of Kame, 236 of Bamar, 2 of Dinae, 1 of Thet, 24 of Kayin, 2 of Kayah and 6 of Shan. Traditionally, faith,in addition to reason, has been considered a source of religions beliefs. There are all Buddhist islandwide and 63 pagodas and 27 buddhist images. There are an estimated 200 monks, 250 novices and 25 nuns.

There is one township stadium.Mrnn

No. 273 Squadron RAF

No. 273 Squadron RAF was a Royal Air Force squadron formed as reconnaissance unit in World War I, and re-formed in World War II in Ceylon (Sri Lanka) - initially as a torpedo bomber and reconnaissance unit. In mid 1944 the squadron was re-equipped with Spitfire Mk VIIIs and flew and fought out of airfields in India and Burma. Following the end of the war, the squadron was moved first to Siam (Thailand), and then later, French Indo-China (Vietnam). It was re-equipped with Spitfire Mk XIVs in November 1945.

The squadron was disbanded at the end of January 1946.

Operation Dracula

During World War II, Operation Dracula was the name given to an airborne and amphibious attack on Rangoon by British, American and Indian forces during the Burma Campaign.

The plan was first proposed in mid-1944 when the Allied South East Asia Command was preparing to reoccupy Burma, but was dropped as the necessary landing craft and other resources were not available. In March 1945 however, it was resurrected, as it was vital to capture Rangoon before the start of the monsoon (which was expected in the second week of May) to secure the lines of communication of the Allied troops in Burma.

During April 1945, units of the British Fourteenth Army advanced to within 40 miles (64 km) of Rangoon, but were delayed until 1 May by an improvised Japanese force which held Pegu. On the same day, as part of Operation Dracula, a composite Gurkha parachute battalion landed on Elephant Point at the mouth of the Rangoon River. Once they had secured the coastal batteries, minesweepers cleared the river of mines. On 2 May, the Indian 26th Division began landing on both banks of the river. The monsoon also broke on this day, earlier than had been expected. However, the Imperial Japanese Army had abandoned Rangoon several days earlier, and the units of the Indian 26th Division occupied the city and its vital docks without opposition. They linked up with Fourteenth Army four days later.

Operation Matador (1945)

Operation Matador was an amphibious thrust, during the Burma Campaign in January 1945, to capture the strategic port of Kyaukpyu, located at the northern tip of Ramree Island, south of Akyab across Hunter's Bay, as well as the key airfield near the port. On 21 January 1945, an hour before the Indian 71st Brigade was to land, the battleship HMS Queen Elizabeth opened fire with her main battery while planes from the escort carrier HMS Ameer spotted for her. The light cruiser HMS Phoebe also joined the bombardment, along with Liberators and Thunderbolts of No. 224 Group RAF which bombed and strafed to soften up the beaches. The assault troops landed unopposed and secured the beachhead; the following day, the Indian 4th Infantry Brigade landed.

Ramree

'Ramree' or Ramri (Burmese: ရမ်းဗြဲမြို့, Burmese pronunciation: [jáɴbjɛ́ mjo̰]) is a town in Kyaukpyu District, Rakhine State, Myanmar. Ramree (locally pronounced Ram Bray) is situated on Ramree Island. Ramree is the capital of the township of the same name and former capital of the district of Ramree (until 1852 ). It is close to the east coast of the Ramree island , about 25 km north of the Tan River.

Ramree dialect

Ramree, or Yangbye ("Rambray" in Arakanese)(Burmese: ရမ်းဗြဲဘာသာစကား, Burmese pronunciation: [jáɴbjɛ́ bàðà zəɡá]), is the main dialect of the Arakanese language spoken in Southern Arakan, especially in Ramree Island region, Arakan State in Burma (Myanmar), and the Awagyun Island and southern coastal regions in Bangladesh. Ramree language is also widely spoken along the South Arakan coast, including the western areas of the Irrawaddy Division, Burma.

Saya Gyi U Nu

U Nu Mohamad Kassim, better known as Saya Gyi U Nu, or U Nu (Burmese: ဦးနု; IPA: [ʔú nṵ], July 17, 1762 – 1822), was a leading Burmese Muslim writer during the reign of King Bodawpaya. He combined words and terms from Burmese religious literature with poetic writing and Islamic ideas to produce books which are regarded as classics of Burmese Muslim literature. Bodawpaya appointed him to head a mission to India, to retrieve books and scriptures in Sanskrit, Hindi, Urdu, and Persian. Nu was appointed the Mayor of Yammar Wati (now Ramree Island) with the title Shwe Taung Thargathu, which means "Hero of the Ocean".

Islands of Myanmar (Burma)

Languages

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.