Ramganga Dam

The Ramganga Dam, also known as the Kalagarh Dam, is an embankment dam on the Ramganga River 3 km (2 mi) upstream of Kalagarh in Pauri Garhwal district, Uttarakhand, India. It is located within the Jim Corbett National Park.

Ramganga Dam
Ramganga Dam is located in India
Ramganga Dam
Location of Ramganga Dam in India
CountryIndia
LocationKalagrh
Coordinates29°31′10″N 78°45′31″E / 29.51944°N 78.75861°ECoordinates: 29°31′10″N 78°45′31″E / 29.51944°N 78.75861°E
StatusOperational
Construction began1961
Opening date1974
Construction costRs. 172.12 crores
Owner(s)Uttaranchal Jal Vidyut Nigam Limited
Dam and spillways
Type of damEmbankment
ImpoundsRamganga River
Height128 m (420 ft)
Length715 m (2,346 ft)
Dam volume10,000,000 m3 (13,079,506 cu yd)
Spillway capacity8,467 m3/s (299,009 cu ft/s)
Reservoir
Total capacity2,447,000,000 m3 (1,983,815 acre⋅ft)
Active capacity2,190,000,000 m3 (1,775,462 acre⋅ft)
Catchment area3,134 km2 (1,210 sq mi)
Surface area55 km2 (21 sq mi)
Power Station
Decommission date1975-1977
Hydraulic head84.4 m (277 ft) (design)
Turbines3 x 66 MW Francis-type
Installed capacity198 MW

Background

The dam is part of the Ramganga Multipurpose Project — an irrigation and hydroelectric project. It supports a 198 MW power station and provides water for the irrigation of 57,500 ha (142,086 acres) of farmland. In addition, it provides for flood control and recreation. Construction on the dam began in 1961 and it was completed in 1974. The three generators in the power station were commissioned in December 1975, November 1976 and March 1977.[1]

Design

The dam is a 128 m (420 ft) tall and 715 m (2,346 ft) long earth and rock-fill embankment dam with 10,000,000 m3 (13,079,506 cu yd) of fill. The dam's spillway is controlled by five gates and has a maximum discharge of 8,467 m3/s (299,009 cu ft/s). To support the reservoir's elevation, there is a 72 m (236 ft) tall saddle dam on the reservoir's rim 2.5 km (2 mi) to the northeast on the Chui Sot River. The reservoir created by both dams has a 2,447,000,000 m3 (1,983,815 acre⋅ft) capacity of which 2,190,000,000 m3 (1,775,462 acre⋅ft) is active (or "useful") capacity. The reservoir has a surface of 55 km2 (21 sq mi) and a catchment area of 3,134 km2 (1,210 sq mi).[2][3] The power station at the toe of the dam contains three 66 MW Francis turbine-generators and is afforded 84.4 m (277 ft) of design hydraulic head.[4] Below the dam is a system of over 6,300 km (3,915 mi) of canals supported by three barrages and 82 km (51 mi) of main feeder canal.[1]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Prasad, Kamta; Goel, R.S. (2000). Environmental management in hydro electric projects proceedings of the national seminar held at India International Centre, New Delhi, on November 11 and 12, 1999. New Delhi: Concept Pub. Co. p. 155. ISBN 81-7022-870-0.
  2. ^ Jain, Sharad K.; Agarwal, Pushpendra K.; Singh, Vijay P. (2007). Hydrology and water resources of India. Dordrecht: Springer. pp. 382–383. ISBN 1-4020-5179-4.
  3. ^ "India: National Register of Large Dams 2009" (PDF). Central Water Commission. Retrieved 10 July 2011.
  4. ^ "Ramganga Power Plant (3X66 =198 MW)". Uttaranchal Jal Vidyut Nigam Limited. Retrieved 11 July 2011.
Bijnor district

Bijnor district is one of the districts of Uttar Pradesh state of India. Bijnor city is the district headquarters. The Uttar Pradesh Government wants Bijnor to be included under National Capital Region (NCR) due to its close distance from Delhi.

Moradabad

Moradabad (pronunciation ) is a city, commissionary, and a municipal corporation in Moradabad district of Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It was established in AD 1625 by Rustam Khan and is named after prince Murad Baksh, the youngest son of the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan and Empress Mumtaz Mahal.Moradabad is situated on the banks of the Ramganga river, at a distance of 167 km (104 mi) from the national capital, New Delhi and 344 km north-west of the state capital Lucknow. The city is known as Pital Nagri ("Brass City") for its famous brass handicrafts industry. It is also the divisional headquarters of Northern Railway (NR).

Ramganga

Ramganga is a tributary of the river Ganga, originating in Uttarakhand state, India.

Thakurdwara

Thakurdwara is a city in Moradabad district in the indian state of Uttar Pradesh and 19th largest tehsil of Uttar Pradesh.

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