Ramban district

Ramban is one of the 22 districts in the state of Jammu and Kashmir, India. Ramban is located in the lap of Pir Panjal range of the mighty Himalayas. It was carved out of erstwhile Doda District keeping in view the backwardness, remoteness and aspiration of people of the area. District Ramban started functioning as independent unit on 1 April 2007.[3] Ramban town is the district headquarters. The town is located midway between Jammu and Srinagar along the Chenab river, on National Highway-44, (originally National Highway 1A (India)) approximately 150 km from Jammu and Srinagar.[4]

Old Bridge over river Chenab at Ramban
Old Bridge over river Chenab at Ramban
Ramban district
Location of Ramban district in Jammu and Kashmir
Location of Ramban district in Jammu and Kashmir
Coordinates (Ramban (Jammu and Kashmir)|Ramban): 33°14′24″N 75°14′24″E / 33.24000°N 75.24000°ECoordinates: 33°14′24″N 75°14′24″E / 33.24000°N 75.24000°E
CountryIndia
StateJammu and Kashmir
DivisionJammu Division
HeadquartersRamban
Tehsils
  • Banihal
  • Ramban
  • Khari
  • Rajgarh
  • Batote
  • Gool
  • Pogal Paristan
  • Ramsoo
Area
 • Total1,329 km2 (513 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total283,713
 • Density210/km2 (550/sq mi)
 • Urban
4.16% [1]
Demographics
 • Literacy54.27% [2]
 • Sex ratio902
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationJK-19
Major highwaysNH-44
Websitehttp://ramban.gov.in

Administration

Ramban District is divided into eight tehsils: Banihal, Ramban, Khari, Rajgarh, Batote, Gool, Pogal Paristan (Ukhral) and Ramsoo.[5]

Each tehsil has its tehsildar, who is the administrative head. The district consisted of 116 census villages and 127 revenue villages in 2001. The total number of panchayat Halqas in the district was 124.

Geography

Ramban district is 1,156 metres (3,792 feet) above sea level (on average). The boundary lines of Ramban district encompass hill station Patnitop as its southernmost point, Assar on its eastern edge, Gool to the west, and Banihal to the north. Terrain of district Ramban is tough and hilly. District Ramban shares its boundary with Reasi, Udhampur, Doda, Anantnag and Kulgam.[6]

Climate

The climate of the District varies according to altitude. The temperature rises as high as 42 °C in the low-lying areas like Ramban town located in between steep Mountains on the banks of river Chenab and drops to sub zero in the high altitude areas like Sangaldan,Gool, Dhagantop, Asthanmarg,Lalagundi, Budhan. The working season in most of the district is about eight months because of typical weather conditions in the district.

Politics

Ramban district has three assembly constituencies: Ramban, Banihal and Gool.[7]

Demographics

Religion in Ramban district (2011)[8]

  Islam (70.68%)
  Hinduism (28.56%)
  Sikhism (0.27%)
  Christianity (0.15%)
  Other (0.11%)
  Atheist (0.25%)

According to the 2011 census, Ramban district has a population of 283,713.[9] roughly equal to the nation of Barbados.[10] This gives it a ranking of 573rd in India (out of a total of 640).[9] The district has a population density of 213 inhabitants per square kilometre (550/sq mi) .[9] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 31.81%.[9] Ramban has a sex ratio of 901 females for every 1000 males,[9] and a literacy rate of 54.27%.[9]

Kashmiri and its dialects (Poguli and Sirazi) is the most widely spoken language in the district. The other languages spoken here are Urdu, Punjabi, Dogri, and Gojri. Ramban has a Muslim majority, with Muslims constituting about 70% and Hindus constituting about 28% of the population.

Tourist Attractions

Sanasar

Sanasar
Sanasar Lake

Tourist activities Sanasar include paragliding, hot air ballooning, trekking, camping, golf, rock climbing and abseiling.[11]

Tata-Pani

Tata-Pani hot spring is located near Sangaldan, Ramban.

Pastures and meadows

  • Daggan Top (Gool)
  • Chamsar Top (Ramban )
  • Shinkli Top (Ramban)
  • Ranjati (Gool)
  • Ramakunda (Gool)
  • Tanj Maidan (Banihal)
  • Zaban (Banihal)
  • Brahru ( Ramban)
  • Shainshi ( Ramban)
  • Marg ( Banihal )
  • Shirthtathi( Banihal )
  • The Hill station of nowgam Valley North Banihal
  • Origin of Bishliri Nallah
  • Historical Sheep breeding farm(1932) is situated at Zaban
  • Sanasar (Ramban)
  • Shakhpal Hill (Ramban)
  • Thandichowa (Banihal)
  • Mohu and Mangit (Banihal)

Major projects

See also

References

  1. ^ Census of India 2011
  2. ^ "Ramban District Population, Caste, Religion Data (Jammu and Kashmir) - Census 2011".
  3. ^ - About Ramban
  4. ^ Statement showing the number of blocks in respect of 22 Districts of Jammu and Kashmir State including newly Created Districts Archived 2008-09-10 at the Wayback Machine dated 2008-03-13, accessed 2008-08-30
  5. ^ "District Profile". District Administration, Ramban. Indian Government. Retrieved 15 September 2017.
  6. ^ - About Ramban
  7. ^ "ERO's and AERO's". Chief Electoral Officer, Jammu and Kashmir. Archived from the original on 22 October 2008. Retrieved 28 August 2008.
  8. ^ "C-1 Population By Religious Community". Census. Retrieved 10 June 2019.
  9. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
  10. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011. Barbados 286,705 July 2011 est.
  11. ^ "Sanasar Sightseeing, Places To Visit In Sanasar, Things To Do In Sanasar". www.holidify.com. Retrieved 18 January 2017.
Banihal

Banihal is a town and a notified area committee in Ramban district in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. It is a rural and a hilly area with Kamirwah being one of the most spectacular hills. It is located about 35 km (22 mi) away from Qazigund of Anantnag district on NH 44 (former name NH 1A before renumbering of all national highways). However, the distance between Banihal and Qazigund is only 18 km by train on the new railway line which is much shorter than the road. The most common language spoken in the region is Kashmiri; Urdu and English being other familiar languages.

Banihal railway station

Banihal railway station (station code: BAHL), a part of Jammu–Baramulla line, is situated in notified area of Banihal in Ramban district, Jammu and Kashmir. It was commissioned on 26 June 2013 and passenger trains run from Banihal to Qazigund. The station was inaugurated by former prime minister Manmohan Singh and UPA Chairperson Sonia Gandhi on the same day at 2.22 pm. They enjoyed the 12-minute ride in train through Pir panjal tunnel up to Qazigund with 100 students, mostly girls, of the Banihal Higher Secondary School, and made the 17.8-km ride back to Banihal, passing through the tunnel again, the second longest in Asia.

Bashir Mehtaab

Muhammad Bashir, (Urdu: بشیر مہتاب ‎, Hindi: बशीर महताब) born 14 March 1994 in Tehsil Pogal Paristan of Ramban district of Jammu and Kashmir, is a Urdu poet. He is the only Urdu poet from Ramban district whose poetry has been uploaded on Rekhta.

Batote

Batote is a town and a notified area committee in Ramban district of Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir on NH 44 (former name NH 1A just beyond Patnitop while going towards Srinagar.

Gool (Jammu and Kashmir)

Gool is a community in Ramban district, Jammu and Kashmir, India.

Maitra village

Maitra is a village in Ramban district of Jammu and Kashmir state of India.

Mawalkot

Mawalkot is a village in Ramban Tehsil of Ramban district, in Indian Kashmir. It has a population of 1289 of which 673 are male and 616 are females.

Nachlana railway station

Nachlana railway station is a proposed railway station in Ramban district, Jammu and Kashmir. Its code is NCLNA. It will serve Nachlana village. The station proposal includes two platforms. The station lies on Banihal - Katra rail line. The work on this rail line is expected to be finished year 2020. The station in surrounded by many of long tunnels of Jammu–Baramulla line.

Pir Panjal Railway Tunnel

The Pir Panjal Railway Tunnel or Banihal railway tunnel is an 11.215 km (7 mile) railway tunnel located in Pir Panjal Range of middle Himalayas in Jammu and Kashmir, India, north of Banihal town. It is a part of the Jammu–Baramulla line.

The north portal of the railway tunnel is at 33.5617942°N 75.1988626°E / 33.5617942; 75.1988626 and its south portal is at 33.463203°N 75.193992°E / 33.463203; 75.193992.

Rajma

Rājmā or Rāzmā is a popular vegetarian dish, originating from the Indian subcontinent, consisting of red kidney beans in a thick gravy with many Indian whole spices and, is usually served with rice. Although kidney beans did not originate from the Indian subcontinent, it is a part of regular diet in Northern India and Nepal. The dish developed after the red kidney bean was brought to the Indian subcontinent from Mexico. A 100 gram serving of boiled Rajma beans contains about 140 calories, 5.7 grams of protein, 5.9 grams of fat and 18 grams of carbohydrate. Rajma chawal is kidney beans served with boiled rice.

Some of the best Rajma is said to be grown in the Nepal hills, north Indian state of Himachal Pradesh and the Jammu region of Jammu and Kashmir. Rajma chawal served with chutney of Anardana is the famous dish of Peerah, a town in Ramban district of Jammu,and assar in doda district of Jammu. Going further, the Rajma of Chinta Valley in Doda district, a short distance from the town of Bhaderwah of Jammu province are said to be amongst the most popular. These are smaller in size than most Rajma grown in plains and have a slightly sweetish taste.

The combination of Rajma and rice generally lists as a top favorite of North Indians and Nepalis. Rajma is prepared with onion, garlic and many spices in India, and it is one of the staple foods in Nepal.

Rajma Masala is a very popular dish in the Northern states of India. The Punjabi way of cooking Rajma Masala is to soak it overnight in water, boil it using a pressure cooker and mix bhuna masala made with chopped onions, pureed tomato, ginger, garlic and milieu of fresh spices including cumin, coriander and chilli powder.Rajma Masala combined with rice is referred to as Rajma Chawal and is a very popular North Indian dish. Punjabi's enjoy greeting their guests with Rajma Chawal topped with pure butter. You may garnish the dish with coriander leaves if you like it. An accompaniment of Chaas or buttermilk makes meal complete and sumptuous.

Ramban

Ramban can refer to:

Nachmanides (1194 – c. 1270), Catalan rabbi and philosopher also known as RaMBaN

Cave of the Ramban in Jerusalem

Ramban (Jammu and Kashmir), a town in India

Ramban district, an administrative unit in India

Ramban Synagogue in Jerusalem

Ranban, a village in Nepal

Ramban (Jammu and Kashmir)

Wikipedia:WikiProject Indian cities

Ramban is a town in the Ramban district in Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. It is the district headquarters. It lies on the banks of the Chenab river, on the National Highway-1A (now NH44) at about 150 km from Jammu and about 150 km from Srinagar, making it almost the central point on the Jammu-Srinagar National Highway.

Reasi district

Reasi district is a district of the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. The Reasi district is bordered by Udhampur district and Ramban district in the east, Jammu district in the south, Rajouri district in the west and by Kulgam district on the north. The Reasi and Rajouri tehsiles formed a joint district called the "Reasi district" at the time of princely state's accession to India in 1947. As part of the reorganisation, the two tehsils were separated and Reasi was merged with the Udhampur district. It again became a separate district in 2006.Reasi is one of the oldest towns of the Jammu and Kashmir State. It was the seat of the erstwhile Bhimgarh State, said to have been established by Raja Bhim Dev sometime in the 8th century. It remained an independent principality till 1822, when Raja Gulab Singh the then Raja of Jammu hill region, under the Sikh empire, consolidated the small states.

Rechna Doab

The Rechna Doab, or Rachna Doab (in Pakistan), can be classified as one of the main regions of Punjab. Punjab historically has been divided into regions based on its various rivers, since the name Punjab is based on its five main rivers. The Rechna includes all the area between the Chenab and Ravi Rivers, all the way from the Jammu Division of the Jammu and Kashmir state in India till their confluence in Punjab, Pakistan. It lies between 30° 35' and 32° 50' N. and 71° 50' and 75° 3'E. The name was formed by the Mughal emperor Akbar, by combining the first syllables of the names of the two rivers.

Rechnavi is the main dialect of Punjabi widely spoken in Rechna Doab. The area is densely populated and includes major districts of the Punjab, i.e, Gujranwala District, Sialkot District, Narowal District, Hafizabad District, Chiniot District, Sheikhupura District, Nankana Sahib District, Faisalabad District, Jhang District, Toba Tek Singh District as well as the important districts of the Jammu Division, i.e., Kathua District, Jammu District, Samba District, Udhampur District, Reasi District, Doda District, Ramban District, and Kishtwar District in India.

Major cities of this doab are Katra, Jammu, Gujranwala, Faisalabad, Sheikhupura, Narowal, Toba Tek Singh, Jhang, Hafizabad, and Wazirabad.

Sanasar

Sanasar is the name given to the two small villages of Sana and Sar in Jammu province, Jammu and Kashmir state, India.

Named after small local lakes, Sana and Sar are located 20 km west of Patnitop, [Ramban district]] on the national highway 1A. At an altitude of 2,050 metres it is the hub for adventure sport activities in the Jammu region. The area is notable for its scenic views of mountain ranges including the Brammah Massif.

Sangaldan

Sangaldan is a town and block in Ramban district in Jammu & Kashmir, India. In the 2011 census it had a population of 876 people in 476 households.

Sangaldan Tunnel

The Sangaldan Railway Tunnel is a 7.1 km (4.4 mile) railway tunnel between Katra-Banihal section of Jammu–Baramulla line located to the north of Sangaldan town of middle Himalayas in Jammu and Kashmir, India near Ramban district. The tunnel was completed on 4 December 2010.

Sangaldan railway station

Sangaldan railway station is a proposed railway station in Ramban district, Jammu and Kashmir. Its code is SNGDN. It will serve Sangaldan city. The station proposal includes two platforms. The station lies on Banihal - Katra rail line. The Work on this rail line is expected to be finished year 2020. The station in surrounded by many of long tunnels of Jammu–Baramulla line.

Udhampur (Lok Sabha constituency)

Udhampur Lok Sabha constituency is one of the six Lok Sabha (parliamentary) constituencies in Jammu and Kashmir state in northern India. The constituency covers 20,230 square kilometres of mountainous Himalayan terrain, and is comparable to the size of Israel. It is composed of the districts of Kishtwar, Ramban, Kathua, Doda, Reasi, and Udhampur. Udhampur constituency's population is over 2,400,000, and exceeds the population of New Mexico. The seat from 1967-1980 was held by Karan Singh, the former crown prince of Jammu and Kashmir.

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