Rajput-class destroyer

The Rajput-class guided-missile destroyers built for the Indian Navy are modified versions of Soviet Kashin-class destroyers. They are also known as Kashin-II class. The ships were built in the former Soviet Union after considerable Indian design modifications to the Kashin design. These included the replacement of the helicopter pad in the original design with a flight elevator, as well as major changes to the electronics and combat systems. Five units were built for export to India in the 1980s. All units are currently attached to the Eastern Naval Command.

INS Ranvijay at annual bi-lateral naval field training exercise
INS Ranvijay (D55)
Class overview
Name: Rajput
Builders: 61 Kommunara Shipbuilding Plant
Operators:  Indian Navy
Succeeded by: Delhi class
Planned: 5
Completed: 5
Active: 4
Retired: 1
General characteristics
Type: Guided missile destroyer
  • 3,950 tons standard
  • 4,974 tons full load[1]
Length: 146.5 m (481 ft)[1]
Beam: 15.8 m (52 ft)[1]
Draught: 4.8 m (16 ft)[1]
Propulsion: 4 × Ukrainian gas turbines in COGAG, 72,000 hp (54,000 kW); 2 shafts[1]
Speed: 35 knots (65 km/h)[1]
  • 4,500 nmi (8,300 km) at 18 knots (33 km/h)
  • 2,600 nautical miles (4,800 km) at 30 knots (56 km/h)[1]
Complement: 320 (including 35 officers)[1]
Sensors and
processing systems:
  • Navigation: 2 x Volga (NATO: Don Kay) radar at I-band frequency,
  • Air: 1 x MP-500 Kliver (NATO: Big Net-A) radar at C-band or 1 x Bharat RAWL (Dutch Signaal LW08) radar at D-band (installed on INS Ranjit),
  • Air/Surface: 1 x MR-310U Angara (NATO: Head Net-C) radar at E-band, replaced by 1 x EL/M-2238 STAR[2]
  • Communication: Inmarsat,
  • Sonar: 1 x hull mounted Vycheda MG-311 (NATO: Wolf Paw) sonar replaced with Bharat HUMSA during MLR, 1 x Vyega MG-325 (NATO: Mare Tail) variable depth sonar
Aircraft carried: 1 x Ka-28 in last two ships and HAL Chetak helicopter in first three ships

Service history

The Rajput class inherited their anti-aircraft and anti-submarine warfare roles for aircraft carrier task-force defense against submarines, low-flying aircraft, and cruise missiles from the Kashin class. They were the first ships in the Indian Navy to deploy the BrahMos supersonic cruise missile systems. The systems were deployed during a mid-life refit of the ships. The missile system has four missiles in inclined bow mounted launchers replacing two SS-N-2D Styx AShM launchers in INS Rajput and eight cell VLS system replacing aft S-125M (NATO: SA-N-1) SAM launcher in INS Ranvir and INS Ranvijay.[3] Ranvijay was deployed with an updated vertical launcher for the BrahMos missile.[4] The Indian Navy is planning to upgrade the propulsion of the Rajput-class ships with indigenously developed Kaveri Marine Gas Turbine (KMGT) engine. The Gas Turbine Research Establishment of DRDO has been developing this engine which is currently in testing phase.[5]

Ships of the class

Name Pennant Builder Homeport Laid down Launched Commissioned Decommissioned Status
INS Rajput (ex-Nadezhniy) D51 61 Kommunara Visakhapatnam 11 September 1976 17 September 1977 4 May 1980[1] Active
INS Rana (ex-Gubitelyniyy) D52 29 November 1976 27 September 1978 19 February 1982[1]
INS Ranjit (ex-Lovkiyy) D53 29 June 1977 16 June 1979 24 November 1983[1] 6 May 2019[6] Decommissioned
INS Ranvir (ex-Tverdyy) D54 24 October 1981 12 March 1983 21 April 1986[1] Active
INS Ranvijay (ex-Tolkoviyy) D55 19 March 1982 1 February 1986 21 December 1987[1]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Commodore Stephen Saunders, ed. (2005). "India". Jane's Fighting Ships 2005-2006 (108th ed.). Coulsdon: Jane's Information Group. p. 314. ISBN 978-0710626929.
  2. ^ Friedman, Norman (2006). The Naval Institute guide to world naval weapon systems (5th ed.). Annapolis, Md: Naval Institute. p. 243. ISBN 1557502625.
  3. ^ Indian Navy: INS Rajput, 8 Other Warships To Deploy Brahmos Cruise Missiles
  4. ^ BrahMos all set to cruise into Kerala Archived 2007-11-24 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ Modified Kaveri Engine to Propel Indian Navy Rajput Class Ships
  6. ^ "INS Ranjit Sails into Sunset Culminating 36 years of Glorious Era". PIB. Retrieved 6 May 2019.

External links


D52 or D52 road may refer to:


D52 road (Croatia), a road connecting Otočac and Korenica

D52 road (Calvados), a road connecting Pont-Farcy and Vire, France

D52 road (Drôme), a road near Geyssans, France

D52 road (Nord), an ancient Roman road connecting Cassel to the sea

D52 motorway (Czech Republic)other:

HMS Enterprise (D52), a 1918 Emerald-class light cruiser of the British Royal Navy

INS Rana (D52), a 1982 Rajput class destroyer of the Indian Navy

JNR Class D52, a 2-8-4 class of Japanese locomotives

Folate deficiency's ICD-10 code

The FAA location identifier of Geneseo Airport in Geneseo, New York


D53 may refer to:

HMS Caledon (D53), a British Royal Navy ship

INS Ranjit (D53), an Indian Navy Rajput class destroyer

New South Wales D53 class locomotive, a class of 2-8-0 steam locomotive built for and operated by the New South Wales Government Railways of Australia

D53 (Croatia), a state road in Croatia


D55 may refer to :

D55 road (Nord), a "départementale" road in Nord département in France

D55 road (Croatia), a state route

HMAS Parramatta (D-55), a 1910 River class torpedo boat destroyer from the Australian Navy

two ships of the Royal Navy :

HMS Smiter (D55), a 1943 Bogue-class auxiliary aircraft carrier

HMS Finisterre (D55), a Battle-class destroyer

INS Ranvijay (D55), a 1988 Rajput class destroyer from the Indian Navy

CIE Standard Illuminant D55, a lighting standard used in colorimetryand also:

Robertson Field (North Dakota) FAA code

the ICD-10 code for an anaemia due to enzyme disorders

New South Wales D55 class locomotive, a NSWGR steam locomotive

Guided missile destroyer

A guided-missile destroyer is a destroyer designed to launch guided missiles. Many are also equipped to carry out anti-submarine, anti-air, and anti-surface operations. The NATO standard designation for these vessels is DDG. Nations vary in their use of destroyer D designation in their hull pennant numbering, either prefixing or dropping it altogether. The U.S. Navy has adopted the classification DDG in the American hull classification system.

In addition to the guns, a guided-missile destroyer is usually equipped with two large missile magazines, usually in vertical-launch cells. Some guided-missile destroyers contain powerful radar systems, such as the United States’ Aegis Combat System, and may be adopted for use in an anti-missile or ballistic-missile defense role. This is especially true of navies that no longer operate cruisers, so other vessels must be adopted to fill in the gap.

INS Rajput (D51)

INS Rajput is a guided-missile destroyer and the lead ship of the Rajput class of the Indian Navy. She was commissioned on 30 September 1980. Commodore (later Vice Admiral) Gulab Mohanlal Hiranandani was her first commanding officer.

Rajput served as a trial platform for the BrahMos cruise missile. The two P-20M inclined single launchers (port and starboard) were replaced by two boxed launchers, each with two Brahmos cells. A new variant of the Prithvi-III missile was test fired from Rajput on March 2007. She is capable of attacking land targets, as well as fulfilling anti-aircraft and anti-submarine roles as a taskforce or carrier escort. Rajput tracked the Dhanush ballistic missile during a successful test in 2005.

INS Rana

The following ships of the Indian Navy have been named Rana:

INS Rana (D115) was a R-class destroyer acquired in 1949 from the Royal Navy, where it served in World War II as HMS Raider (H15)

INS Rana (D52) is a Rajput-class destroyer, currently in active service with the Indian Navy

INS Rana (D52)

INS Rana is a Rajput-class destroyer in active service with the Indian Navy. She was commissioned on 28 June 1982.She is a redesigned Soviet Kashin-class guided missile destroyer.

INS Ranjit

The following ships of the Indian Navy have been named Ranjit:

INS Ranjit (1949) was a R-class destroyer acquired in 1949 from the Royal Navy, where it served in World War II as HMS Redoubt (H41)

INS Ranjit (D53) is a Rajput-class destroyer, currently in active service with the Indian Navy

INS Ranjit (D53)

INS Ranjit is the third of the five Rajput-class destroyers built for the Indian Navy. Ranjit was commissioned on 24 November 1983 and remained in service till 6 May 2019.

INS Ranvijay

INS Ranvijay is a Rajput-class destroyer in active service with the Indian Navy. Ranvijay was commissioned on 15 Jan 1988.

INS Ranvir

INS Ranvir is the fourth of the five Rajput-class destroyers built for the Indian Navy. Ranvir was commissioned on 28 October 1986.

INS Shakti (A57)

INS Shakti (A57) is a Deepak-class fleet tanker in service with the Indian Navy. She was built by Fincantieri, an Italian shipbuilding company based in Trieste. She is the second and final ship of her class. Shakti, along with her predecessor Deepak, is one of the largest ships of the Indian Navy.Construction of the vessel began in November 2009 and it was launched in October 2010. She was handed over to India by September 2011 and was commissioned on 1 October 2011. The construction of the vessel was completed in a record time of 27 months, after the contract worth €159.32 million was signed in April 2008.INS Shakti can refuel four ships at a time, with a fuelling speed of 1,500 tonnes per hour while her predecessors had a speed of 300 per hour. She is also equipped with state-of-the art electronics, medical facilities and storage spaces. According to Admiral Nirmal Verma, Shakti would significantly add to the Indian Navy's ability to conduct and sustain operations distant from the coast.

INS Shivalik

INS Shivalik (F47) is the lead ship of her class of stealth multi-role frigates built for the Indian Navy. She is the first stealth warship built by India. She was built at the Mazagon Dock Limited (MDL) located in Mumbai. Construction of the vessel began in 2001 and was completed by 2009. She underwent sea trials from thereon before being commissioned on 29 April 2010.Shivalik features improved stealth and land attacking features over the preceding Talwar-class frigates. She is also the first Indian navy ship to use the CODOG (COmbined Diesel Or Gas) propulsion system.

R. Hari Kumar

Vice Admiral R. Hari Kumar (born 12 April 1962) is the current Chief of Personnel of the Indian Navy. In his prior appointments, he served as the Flag Officer Commanding the Western Fleet and as the Chief of the Staff of the Western Naval Command. He was the Commandant of the Indian Naval War College in Goa, and served as a naval advisor to the government of Seychelles. He is an alumnus of National Defence Academy and holds a MPhil in Defence and Strategic Studies from the University of Mumbai.


The RBU-6000 Smerch-2 (Реактивно-Бомбовая Установка, Reaktivno-Bombovaja Ustanovka; reaction engine-bomb installation & Смерч; waterspout) is a 213 mm caliber Soviet anti-submarine weapon rocket launcher. It is similar in principle to the Royal Navy Hedgehog system used during the Second World War. The system entered service in 1960-61 and is fitted to a wide range of Russian surface vessels. It consists of a horseshoe shaped arrangement of twelve launch barrels, that are remotely directed by the Burya fire control system (that can also control the shorter ranged RBU-1000). It fires RGB-60 unguided depth charges. The rockets are normally fired in salvos of 1, 2, 4, 8 or 12 rounds. Reloading is automatic, with individual rounds being fed into the launcher by the 60UP loading system from a below deck magazine. Typical magazine capacity is either 72 or 96 rounds per launcher. It can also be used as a shore bombardment system.

The RPK-8 system is an upgrade of the RBU-6000 system, firing the 90R rocket, which is actively guided in the water. This allows it to home in on targets at depths of up to 1,000 meters. The warhead is a 19.5 kg shaped charge, which enables it to punch through the hulls of submarines. It can also be used against divers and torpedoes. System response time is reported to be 15 seconds and a single-salvo has a kill probability of 0.8. RPK-8 entered service in 1991 and mounted on Project 1154 and 11356 frigates. Serial production of the upgraded 90R1 rocket was launched in 2017.

RBU-6000 were the most widespread anti-submarine rocket launchers in the Soviet Navy, used on many ship classes.

Vertical launching system

A vertical launching system (VLS) is an advanced system for holding and firing missiles on mobile naval platforms, such as surface ships and submarines. Each vertical launch system consists of a number of cells, which can hold one or more missiles ready for firing. Typically, each cell can hold a number of different types of missiles, allowing the ship flexibility to load the best set for any given mission. Further, when new missiles are developed, they are typically fitted to the existing vertical launch systems of that nation, allowing existing ships to use new types of missiles without expensive rework. When the command is given, the missile flies straight up long enough to clear the cell and the ship, and then turns on course.

A VLS allows surface combatants to have a greater number of weapons ready for firing at any given time compared to older launching systems such as the Mark 13 single-arm and Mark 26 twin-arm launchers, which were fed from behind by a magazine below the main deck. In addition to greater firepower, VLS is much more damage tolerant and reliable than the previous systems, and has a lower radar cross-section (RCS). The U.S. Navy now relies exclusively on VLS for its guided missile destroyers and cruisers.

The most widespread vertical launch system in the world is the Mark 41, developed by the United States Navy. More than 11,000 Mark 41 VLS missile cells have been delivered, or are on order, for use on 186 ships across 19 ship classes, in 11 navies around the world. This system currently serves with the US Navy as well as the Australian, Danish, Dutch, German, Japanese, New Zealand, Norwegian, South Korean, Spanish, and Turkish navies, while others like the Greek Navy preferred the similar Mark 48 system.The advanced Mark 57 vertical launch system is used on the new Zumwalt-class destroyer. The older Mark 13 and Mark 26 systems remain in service on ships that were sold to other countries such as Taiwan and Poland.

When installed on an SSN (nuclear-powered attack submarine), a VLS allows a greater number and variety of weapons to be deployed, compared with using only torpedo tubes.

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