Rajnandgaon

Rajnandgaon is a city in Rajnandgaon District, in the state of Chhattisgarh, India. As of the 2011 census the population of the city was 163,122.[2] Rajnandgaon district came into existence on 26 January 1973, as a result of the division of Durg district.[3]

Rajnandgaon
City
Nickname(s): 
Nandgaon
Rajnandgaon is located in Chhattisgarh
Rajnandgaon
Rajnandgaon
Location in Chhattisgarh, India
Coordinates: 21°06′N 81°02′E / 21.10°N 81.03°ECoordinates: 21°06′N 81°02′E / 21.10°N 81.03°E
Country India
StateChhattisgarh
DistrictRajnandgaon
Government
 • TypeDemocratic
 • BodyNagar Nigam
 • MayorMadhusudan yadav
 • District CollectorMr. Jai Prakash Maurya (IAS).
Elevation
307 m (1,007 ft)
Population
(2011)[1]
 • Total163,122
 • Rank6th in state
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
491441
Telephone code07744
Vehicle registrationCG-08
Sex ratio1023 /
Websitewww.rajnandgaon.gov.in

History

Originally known as Nandgram, Rajnandgaon State was ruled by Somvanshis, Kalachuris of Tripuri and Marathas.[4] The palaces in the town of Rajnandgaon reveal their own tale of the rulers, their society and culture, and the traditions of those times.[3]

The city was ruled by a dynasty of Hindu caretakers (mahants), who bore the title Vaishnav and Gond rajas (chiefs). Succession was by adoption. Its foundation is traced to a religious celibate who came from the Punjab towards the end of the 18th century. From the founder it passed through a succession of chosen disciples until 1879, when the British government recognized the ruler as an hereditary chief and it came to be known as princely state of Raj Nandgaon. Afterwards conferred upon his son the title of Raja Bahadur. The first ruler Ghasi Das Mahant was recognized as a feudal chief by the British government in 1865 and was granted a sanad of adoption. Later the British conferred the title of raja on the ruling mahant.[5][6]

Demographics

Census 2011

As of the 2011 India census,[2] Rajnandgaon had a population of 1,537,133. Males constituted 50.19% of the population and females 49.81%. Rajnandgaon has an average literacy rate of 86.97%, male literacy is 91.19%, and female literacy is 82.98%.

Census 2001

As of 2001 India census,[7] Rajnandgaon had a population of 143,727. Males constituted 51% of the population and females 49%. Rajnandgaon had an average literacy rate of 73%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 80%, and female literacy is 65%. In Rajnandgaon, 13% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Language

Chhattisgarhi and Hindi are the main spoken languages in Rajnandgaon. Chhattisgarhi is the native language is of this town, besides being followed by Hindi. People from different parts of the country live here, so other languages are also spoken by a majority of people. Some people of the city also speak dialects of Hindi such as Rajisthani and Bastari Chhattisgarh.

Sports

Digvijay Stadium is a multi-purpose stadium and is mainly used for organizing matches of football, cricket and other sports. The stadium hosted four first-class matches [8] in 1988 when Madhya Pradesh cricket team played against Rajasthan cricket team.

Rajnandgaon was earlier known as NURSERY OF HOCKEY The International Hockey Stadium, which is Chhattisgarh's first international astroturf hockey stadium, is spread over an area of nearly 9.5 acres, and was built at an estimated cost of 22 crores. It was dedicated to the public on 17 January 2014 by state Governor Shekhar Dutt and chief minister Raman Singh.[9]

Geography

Rajnandgaon is located at 21°06′N 81°02′E / 21.10°N 81.03°E[10] in Chhattishgarh. It has an average elevation of 307 . metres (1010 feet).

Transport

Railways

Rajnandgaon railway station is on the Howrah-Nagpur-Mumbai line. The station comes under Nagpur Division of SECR. Local trains provide frequent service west to Dongargarh and Nagpur Station, and east to Raipur, while direct express trains are available for all the metros: New Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Ahmedabad, Bangalore, and Pune. Rajnandgaon railway station is the fourth busiest railway station of the state after Bilaspur, Raipur and Durg. Railway station consists of four well developed platforms. More than 190 trains passes from city. Direct connections are available for Indore, Bhopal, Jabalpur, Gwalior, Nagpur, Gondia, Wardha, Mumbai, Pune, Nashik, Hapa, Chennai, Trivandrum, Patna etc.

Bus

Rajnandgaon has two bus stands, Old Bus Stand and New Bus Stand. Bus connectivity is good for transportation to nearby cities and villages, but long distance bus connectivity is practically non-existent.

MSRTC under Bhandara Division provides bus services to Rajnandgaon from its various depots that interconnect Maharashtra and Chhattisgarh. Bhandara and Rajnandgaon have connected under the same link of NH6.

Notable people

Also, Rajnandgaon is associated with many famous political leaders.

  • Late Shivendra Bahadur Singh,former M.P.from Rajnandgaon constituency, Prince of Khairagarh, a prominent congress leader and a childhood friend of Rajiv Gandhi.
  • Late Kishorilal Shukla , former minister of Madhya Pradesh and a very powerful politician of his time.
  • Prabhat Tiwari, a close friend of late Kishorilal Shukla and a prominent congress leader.
  • Prashant Tiwari ,son of Prabhat Tiwari, a close friend of Shivendra Bahadur Singh,Ex-Shahar & Gramin Youth Congress President, Ex - executive chairman of Chhattisgarh State bar council and a prominent congress leader.
  • Dr. Raman Singh, Ex- Chief-minister of Chhattisgarh
  • Motilal Vora, ex-chief minister of the erstwhile Madhya Pradesh and currently a Rajya Sabha member.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Census of India Search details". censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 10 May 2015.
  2. ^ a b "census 2011". Retrieved 29 January 2013. |first= missing |last= (help)
  3. ^ a b "official website of rajnandgaon".
  4. ^ "Official Website of District Rajnandgaon".
  5. ^ Chhattisgarh ki Riyaste/Princely stastes aur Jamindariyaa. Raipur: Vaibhav Prakashan. ISBN 81-89244-96-5.
  6. ^ Chhattisgarh ki Janjaatiyaa/Tribes aur Jatiyaa/Castes. Delhi: Mansi publication. ISBN 978-81-89559-32-8.
  7. ^ "census 2001". Retrieved 29 January 2013.
  8. ^ First-class matches
  9. ^ PTI (20 January 2014). "Astro turf hockey stadium inaugurated in Chhattisgarh". The Times of India. Retrieved 24 January 2019.
  10. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Raj Nandgaon

External links

Abhishek Singh

Abhishek Singh (born 5 March 1981) is an Indian politician from the Bharatiya Janata Party. He has been a member of the Lok Sabha, the lower house of the Indian Parliament representing Rajnandgaon, since 2014. He is the son of former Chief Minister of Chhattisgarh, Raman Singh.

Ambagarh Chowki

Ambagarh Chowki is a town and a nagar panchayat in Rajnandgaon District in the state of Chhattisgarh, India.

Chhattisgarh Institute of Technology

Chhattisgarh Institute of Technology is a private engineering college in Rajnandgaon, Chhattisgarh, India. It is established by Shri Siddhi Vinayak Educational Society in 2004. The institute offer four year full-time Bachelor of Engineering in various disciplines and it is affiliated to Chhattisgarh Swami Vivekanand Technical University.

Chhuikhadan

Chhuikhadan is a town and a nagar panchayat in Rajnandgaon District in the state of Chhattisgarh, India.

Dongargarh

Dongargarh is a city and municipality in Rajnandgaon District in the state of Chhattisgarh, India and the site of the Bambleshwari Temple.

A prominent pilgrim destination in Rajnandgaon District, the city lies about 35 kilometres (22 mi) west from Rajnandgaon, 67 kilometres (42 mi) west from Durg and 132 kilometres (82 mi) east from Bhandara which are situated on National Highway 6. Featuring majestic mountains and ponds, Dongargarh is derived from the words: Dongarh meaning 'mountains' and garh meaning 'fort'.

The Maa Bamleshwari Devi Temple, situated on a 1,600 feet (490 m) high hilltop, is a popular landmark. It is of great spiritual importance and several legends are associated with this shrine too. Another prominent shrine in the vicinity is Chhoti Bamleshwari Temple. Devotees flock these temples during Navratri. Shivji Temple and temples dedicated to Lord Hanuman are also located here. The ropeway is an added attraction and is the only passenger ropeway in Chhattisgarh. A severe accident occurred in 2016 when the ropeway broke and fell down killing several people.

The town is known for religious Harmony and has considerable population of Buddhists, Sikhs, Christians and Jains apart from Hindus. A Jain temple is also constructed on a hill known as Chandragiri with the blessings of Jain saint Acharya Shri Vidyasagar Ji Maharaaj. The temple is specially recognized for an ancient statue of the Teerthankara god Chandraprabhuji. One of the biggest gurudwaras in the state is also located in the heart of the city managed by the Sikh society which also run Khalsa Public School, one of the biggest schools in the town.

The nearest airport is at Raipur, 110 kilometres (68 mi) away while the nearest railhead is Dongargarh Railway Station. Dongargarh has good road communication and buses and taxis are available from Rajnandgaon.

Gandai

Gandai is a town and a nagar panchayat in Rajnandgaon district in the state of Chhattisgarh, India.

Indira Kala Sangeet Vishwavidyalaya

Indira Kala Sangeet Vishwavidyalaya (IKSV), also Indira Kala Sangeet University, is a public university located in Khairagarh, Rajnandgaon district, Chhattisgarh, India.

Khairagarh

Khairagarh is a town in Rajnandgaon District in the Indian state of Chhattisgarh. Administered by a nagar palika (Pālikā) parishad, Khairagarh city have cbse pattern schools as well as has kvs but not have a wide network of roads and railway tracks.

Khairagarh State

Khairagarh State (Hindi: खैरागढ़) was one of the princely states of India during the period of the British Raj. Khairagarh town in Rajnandgaon District of Chhattisgarh was the capital of the state and the see of the Raja's residence.

List of districts of Chhattisgarh

Chhattisgarh, a state of India, has 27 administrative districts.

At the time of separation from Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh originally had 16 districts. Two new districts: Bijapur and Narayanpur were carved out on May 11, 2007 and nine new districts on Jan 1, 2012. The new districts have been created by carving out the existing districts to facilitate more targeted, focused and closer administration. These districts have been named Sukma, Kondagaon, Balod, Bemetara, Baloda Bazar, Gariaband, Mungeli, Surajpur and Balrampur

Nagpur Chhattisgarh Railway

Nagpur Chhattisgarh Railway was a 149 miles 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 3⁄8 in) metre gauge line owned by the provincial government and operated by the state railways. The line ran from Nagpur via Tumsar - Gondia and Dongargarh to Rajnandgaon. The initial section from Nagpur to Tumsar was opened on 6 July 1880, continuing to Tirora on 21 February 1881, Gondia on 18 May 1881, Amgaon on 25 November 1881 and completed to Rajnandgaon on 16 February 1882.The Nagpur Chhattisgarh Railway was transferred to be operated by the Bengal Nagpur Railway in year 1888 and was converted into 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) broad gauge in the same year itself. The new track from Rajnandgaon to Asansol was later laid since 1888 onwards uner BNR.

Nandgaon State

Nandgaon State (Hindi: नांदगाँव), also known as Raj Nandgaon, was one of the princely states of India during the period of the British Raj. Nandgaon town, in present-day Rajnandgaon District of Chhattisgarh, was the only town of the state and the see of the ruler's residence.

The first ruler Mahant Ghasi Das, was recognized as a feudal chief by the British government in 1865 and was granted a sanad of adoption. Later the British conferred the title of raja on the ruling mahant.

Phoolbasan Bai Yadav

Phoolbasan Bai Yadav is an Indian social worker and the founder of the non governmental organization, Maa Bamleshwari Janhit Kare Samiti, known for her efforts towards the development of economically and socially backward women of Chhattisgarh, India. She was honored by the Government of India, in 2012, with the fourth highest Indian civilian award of Padma Shri.

Rajnandgaon (Lok Sabha constituency)

Rajnandgaon is a Lok Sabha parliamentary constituency in Chhattisgarh.

Rajnandgaon ambush

The Rajnandgaon ambush occurred on 12 July 2009, when at least 29 members of the Indian Police were killed in an ambush attack by Maoist rebels in Rajnandgaon, 90 km (56 mi) from Raipur (India's Chhattisgarh state).

Rajnandgaon district

Rajnandgaon District is a district of the state of Chhattisgarh in India. The administrative headquarters the district is Rajnandgaon town.

Rajnandgaon railway station

Rajnandgaon railway station serves Rajnandgaon in Rajnandgaon district in the Indian state of Chhattisgarh.

Vinod Kumar Shukla

Vinod Kumar Shukla (born 1 January 1937) commonly known as VK Shukla is a modern Hindi writer known for his style that often borders on magic-realism. His works include the novels Naukar ki Kameez (which has been made into the film Naukar Ki Kameez by Mani Kaul) and Deewar Mein Ek Khirkee Rahati Thi (A Window lived in a Wall), which won the Sahitya Akademi Award for the best Hindi work in 1999.

Cities and towns in Rajnandgaon district
Rajnandgaon
Cities and towns
in other districts

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