Rajkot (Rājkot pronunciation ) is the fourth-largest[7][8] city in the state of Gujarat, India, after Ahmedabad, Surat and Vadodara and is in the centre of the Saurashtra region of Gujarat. Rajkot is the 35th-largest urban agglomeration in India, with a population of more than 1.8 million as of 2018(appx).[9] Rajkot is the ninth-cleanest[10][11] city of India, and is the 7th-fastest-growing city in the world as of March 2019.[12] The city contains the administrative headquarters of the Rajkot District, 245 km from the state capital Gandhinagar, and is located on the banks of the Aji and Nyari rivers. Rajkot was the capital of the Saurashtra State from 15 April 1948 to 31 October 1956, before its merger with Bombay State on 1 November 1956. Rajkot was reincorporated into Gujarat State from 1 May 1960.

Rani Lakshmibai Circle and Under Bridge
Rani Lakshmibai Circle and Under Bridge
Rajkot is located in Gujarat
Coordinates: 22°18′00″N 70°47′00″E / 22.3000°N 70.7833°ECoordinates: 22°18′00″N 70°47′00″E / 22.3000°N 70.7833°E
Zone3 (Central, East and West)[1]
Rajkot Municipal Corporation1973
 • Body(RMC)
 • MayorBinaben Acharya
 • Metropolis170.00 km2 (65.64 sq mi)
128 m (420 ft)
 • Metropolis1,442,975
 • Rank29th 4th (in Gujarat state)
 • Density8,500/km2 (22,000/sq mi)
 • Metro1,390,640
 • Metro rank
 • OfficialGujarati, Hindi, English
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
360 0XX
Telephone code0281
Vehicle registrationGJ-03
Literacy87.80 (2016)%[6]
Planning agency(RUDA)
ClimateSemi-Arid (Köppen)
Precipitation590 millimetres (23 in)
Avg. annual temperature26 °C (79 °F)


Gandhi and Sheikh Mehtab
Young Mohandas Gandhi (right) and his school friend Sheikh Mehtab (left) in Rajkot

Rajkot has been under different rulers since it was founded. It has had a long history and had a significant influence in the Indian independence movement. Rajkot was home to many personalities like Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. Rajkot is in a transition period of growing cultural, industrial and economical activities. Rajkot is the 26th largest city of India and the 7th fastest growing urban area of the world.[12]

Rajkot was the capital of the then Saurashtra state from 15 April 1948 to 31 October 1956 before merging in bilingual Bombay State on 1 November 1956. Rajkot was merged into Gujarat State from bilingual Bombay state on 1 May 1960. Thakur Saheb Pradyumansinhji died in 1973. His son, Manoharsinhji Pradyumansinhji, who has carved out a political career at the provincial level, succeeded him. He served as a Member of the Gujarat Legislative Assembly for several years and as the state Minister for Health and Finance. Monoharsinhji's son, Mandattasinh Jadeja has embarked on a business career.

On 26 January 2001 the 7.7 MwGujarat earthquake shook Western India with a maximum Mercalli intensity of X (Extreme), leaving 13,805–20,023 dead and about 166,800 injured.


Rajkot - Aji River Overview
An Aerial Image of the Aji River that flows through the city of Rajkot

Rajkot is located at 22°18′N 70°47′E / 22.3°N 70.78°E.[13] It has an average elevation of 128 metres (420 ft). The city is located on the bank of Aji River and Nyari River which remains dry except the monsoon months of July to September. The city is spread in the area of 170.00 km².[14]

Rajkot is situated in the region called Saurashtra in the Gujarat state of India. The significance of Rajkot's location is owing to the fact that it is one of the prime industrial centres of Gujarat. Rajkot has a central location in the area called the Kathiawar peninsula. The city is located within the Rajkot district in Gujarat. Rajkot city is the administrative headquarters of the district of Rajkot. The district is surrounded by Botad in the east, and Surendranagar in the north, Junagadh and Amreli in the south, Morbi in the northwest and Jamnagar in the west and Porbandar in the southwest.


Rajkot has a semi-arid climate, with hot, dry summers from mid-March to mid-June and the wet monsoon season from mid-June to October, when the city receives 590 mm of rain on average. The months from November to February are mild, the average temperature being around 20 °C, with low humidity.

One of the most important weather phenomena that is associated with the city of Rajkot is the cyclone. The cyclones generally occur in the Arabian Sea during the months after the rainy season. The region experiences a lot of rainfall and high-speed winds during the time of the year after the monsoon season as well as the months of May and June. However, June experiences lesser amount of rainfall and winds than the post-monsoon time. Thunderstorms are another important part of the Rajkot weather in the months of June and July. During summer time, the temperature ranges between 24 °C and 42 °C. In the months of winter, Rajkot temperature varies between 10 °C and 22 °C but on a whole winters are pleasant.[15]


As of the 2011 India census, Rajkot recorded a total population of 1,390,640. Rajkot city has an average literacy rate of 82.20%, higher than the national average.[5] The population is 52.43% male and 47.47% female. Most of the population is Hindu with a Muslim minority.

Population growth through the years
Year Population




The people in Rajkot are predominantly vegetarians and are vehemently against any form of hunting. The women of Rajkot are fond of jewellery. Large chains, pendants and other heavy gold jewellery are a common sight during marriages, festivals and functions. The attire changes with the season and festivals. The ladies normally wear the Gujarati type of the Sari and men can be seen in flowing Kurtas and formal wear (shirts and trousers).

Rajkot is multicultural. One can find many languages, like Gujarati, Hindi, Urdu, English, Sindhi, Bengali, Tamil, Malayalam and Marathi. However, only Gujarati, Hindi, Urdu, and English are well understood. Rajkot is the part of Kathiyawad. Because of this people of Rajkot are also known as Kathiyawadi.

Rajkot is frequently referred to as Rangilu Rajkot (રંગીલુ રાજકોટ), meaning "colourful Rajkot".Rajkot is also called as "Chitranagri" (City of Paintings).


Malcolm Pasley renowned and highly respected scholar and translator of the works of Franz Kafka was born in Rajkot.


Alfred High School
Mohandas Gandhi High School
This is the house where Gandhiji's father, Karamchand Uttanchand Gandhi (Kaba Gandhi) resided at Rajkot, serving as Diwan (Prime Minister) to the King. Gandhiji himself spent a few years of his early life here from 1881 to 1887. This is a typical Saurashtra 'dela' type house with a central approach from an arched gateway. It was built on 1880–81 A.D. and today it depicts an interesting photo essay of his life.

Rajkot has many historical landmarks and places. The Jubilee Garden is a large, open park in the centre of the city featuring many monuments from colonial times. Located prominently in the centre of the garden is the Connaught Hall. Other notable points of interest near the garden include the historic Mohandas Gandhi High School (Now Gandhi Museum), Kaba Gandhi No Delo (Mohandas Gandhi's childhood residence), Rashtriya Shala, Watson Museum, Rotary Dolls Museum, Lang Library, Rotary Midtown Library and Saurashtra Cricket Association Stadium.

The Rotary Dolls Museum has a collection of more than 1,400 dolls from all over the world.[21]

Ramakrishna Ashram
Ramkrishna Ashram

The Lang Library and the G.T. Sheth Library collect thousands of documents and books covering every period in Rajkot and Saurashtra (region) history. Rajkot has many other public libraries with many branches throughout the city. It includes Rotary Midtown of Rajkot City Library and many more.

Other points of interest in Rajkot include Darbargarh Haveli, Swaminarayan Gurukul, Masonic Hall, Race Course, Aji Dam, Swaminarayan Temple, Vishwakarma Prabhuji Temple.

The Watson Museum, located in the Jubilee Garden, has a collection of human history and culture. It presents objects of the colonial period of India and the history of Rajkot. The Rajkot Memon Boarding is headquarters of Muslim activities before 1947. Saurashtra Muslim league held many Muslim convention at Rajkot Memon boarding ground.

The Gaibanshah Peer Dargah is the center of conviction of people whether they are Muslims or Hindus. At Gaibanshah Peer Dargah there is a religious program called Urss every year. In this program almost every religions head come and took part in this gathering every year and preach about peace and humanity.

The Trimandir, a non-sectarian temple founded by Dada Bhagwan, is located at a short distance from the city.[22]


Best LAW and Order city – 2013[23]

Performing arts

Rajkot is a major regional centre for the arts, with many venues for the performing arts in the city. Hemu Gadhvi Natyagraha,[24] one of the first non-profit regional theatres, is rich with history and dedicated to the Gujarati Play.


Rajkot has its own native music genre, called dayro,[25] which is used to convey folk stories and sayings. Rajkot also inherited Kathiyawadi folk music.The city also has various orchestra groups, which perform professionally. They mainly perform the music albums from Bollywood.


Cricket is the most famous sport in the city. One-day internationals, domestic tournaments such as the Ranji Trophy, the Duleep Trophy and many inter-school and collegiate tournaments are played at the Madhavrao Sindhia Cricket Ground. The newly constructed 2nd International Cricket Stadium situated in Rajkot, Saurashtra Cricket Association Stadium, formerly known as Khandheri Cricket Stadium, is a cricket stadium in Khandheri, about 15 kilometres outside Rajkot, India. The Stadium has a capacity of 28,000 to 32,000 spectators. In this cricket stadium Day/Night matches can now also be played. The stadium hosted its 1st International Cricket Match played on 11 January 2013 between India and England. The stadium will part of a larger sports complex that will include venues for other sports such as badminton, basketball, and volleyball. It will host Saurashtra Cricket Association matches along with Madhavrao Sindhia Cricket Ground. Rajkot has produced cricketers such as Karsan Ghavri and Cheteshwar Pujara who have been members of the Indian cricket team. Rajkot has many other cricket grounds around city, including Railway Cricket Ground and Rajkumar College South Ground. Apart from cricket, other sports such as hockey, association football, volleyball, badminton, tennis, table-tennis, chess, swimming and squash are rapidly growing popular in the city. There has been a significant increase in recent years in the number of private sports clubs, gymkhanas and gymnasiums. Kathiawar gymkhana, indoor stadium and swimming pools of Rajkot Municipal Corporation are major sports clubs in city. Recently, the Gujarat Hockey Team (Under 14) was assembled with all 16 players coming from Rajkot.A new modernised cricket ground is even under construction at the outskirts. There are numerous swimming pools too. Rajkot Municipal Corporation also owns a 9-hole golf course at Ishwaria. It is maintained by Green Meadows Golf Club.[26]

In 2016 and 2017, a franchise from Rajkot will play in Indian Premier League. The franchise is owned by Intex Technologies.

Cycling is a fast growing sport in Rajkot. Members of "Rajkot Cycle Club" regularly ride BRMs which are timed events which stretch from 200 km to 1200 km.


Garba is popular among both, men and women and is performed during the festival of Navratri. The dance starts before midnight and continues until dawn. Mata Ambe, who rides a lion, has a special reverential status with any highly religious Gujarati. The 'Janmastami Mela' is organised for five days at the Race Course grounds to celebrate Janmastami. Diwali is one of the most important festival and is usually a week long holiday. Rajkot Municipal Corporation arranges the annual Fireworks Show for the citizens of Rajkot during the Diwali festival. The festival of Eid is also celebrated by the Muslim population. Holi is also celebrated with frolic and is widely enjoyed by most of the city folk. People also celebrate Uttarayan (Makar Sankranti) on 14 January by flying kites from their terraces.


Crystal Mall Rajkot Road View
Crystal Mall Kalawad Road

The city contributes to the economy of the state with heavy and small scale industries under the patronage of Gujarat Industrial Development Corporation (GIDC) and Gujarat State Financial Corporation (GSFC). The economy of Rajkot was supported with a 280 million World Bank aid for development of infrastructure of the city. The plans are already in place to beautify and modernise the ancient city, including a Rock Garden, ala Chandigarh. Another 250 million project to rebuild the Kaiser-e-Hind, the only major bridge linking to the city, is already nearing completion.

Real estate

High street - 150 ft Ring road Rajkot
High street
Kings Plaza - Rajkot
Kings plaza Rajkot
Atlantis Flats Rajkot

Real estate has been a key contributor to Rajkot's development in terms of economic and infrastructure development. Since early 2014, several skyscrapers have been built in Rajkot.


Products made in Rajkot include jewellery, silk embroidery and watch parts. Industrial products include bearings, diesel engines, kitchen knives and other cutting appliances, watch parts (cases and bracelets), automotive parts, forging industry, casting industry, machine tools, share market and software development. The city is also home to several CNC machine and auto parts manufacturers.

There are about 500 foundry units in Rajkot. The cluster came up mainly to cater to the casting requirements of the local diesel engine industry. The geographical spread of the cluster includes Aji Vasahat, Gondal Road, Bhavanagar Road areas, Shapar, Veraval and Metoda. The majority of foundry units in Rajkot produce grey iron castings for the domestic market. About 2% of the foundry units export castings such as electric motor castings and automobile castings.

Rajkot also houses Western Region Pipelines Headquarter of Indian Oil Corporation Limited (IOCL) near Gauridad village. Also natural gas industries like GSPL and GSPC are also present. A petroleum depot of IOCL is also present.

In the near future, the government of Gujarat will allocate large land areas for the development of Special Economic Zone[27] which will be split into three areas and will include industries such as software and automobiles. As per recent market reviews, Rajkot is becoming Asia's biggest automobile zone.

Rajkot was formerly the leading centre in India in the field of diesel engine and submersible pumps. Submersible pumps are still manufactured in the city and marketed throughout India, with some of the larger manufacturers also exporting them.

Law and government

Rajkot is governed by many government bodies, including Jilla Seva Sadan (Rajkot District Collector Offices), Rajkot Municipal Corporation, Rajkot Urban Development Authority.

Preceded by
Jaimanbhai Upadhyay
City Mayor
Jun 2018 – present
Succeeded by
Binaben Acharya
Preceded by
Vijay Nehra
City Municipal Commissioner
Sep 2016 – present
Succeeded by
Banchhanidhi Pani
Preceded by
Anupam Singh Gehlot
City Police Commissioner
August 2018 – present
Succeeded by
Manoj Agarwal

The city civic body has started a 24x7 call centre, the first of its kind in Gujarat and the second in the country to take care of all complaints relating to civic management. Citizens can now get all their complaints registered with the Rajkot Municipal Corporation by dialling a single number with an assurance that the problem would be addressed within 72 hours.[28]

The Rajkot City Police are responsible for law enforcement and public safety in Rajkot, India. They are a subdivision of the state police force of Gujarat and are headed by a commissioner. The Rajkot police force is responsible for the protection and safety of Rajkot citizens.[29]


Rajkot is connected to major Indian cities by air, railway and road.

Roads and highways

Road network near Rajkot Gujarat India 2015
Road network near Rajkot Gujarat India 2015

The Gujarat State Road Transport Corporation (GSRTC) runs regular buses to and from Rajkot to other cities of Gujarat. More than 81000 people travel daily with GSRTC. Rajkot is very well connected with Gujarat State Highways and Rajkot is allocated the vehicle registration code GJ-3 by RTO. There are a number of private bus operators connecting city with other cities of Gujarat state and other states of India.

Rail and internal transport

Rajkot has two railway stations. Rajkot Junction Railway Station (station code: RJT) is the more widely used railway station for passenger trains, and has services to all the major cities of India. Its elevation is 128 m above sea level. The other, smaller, railway station is Bhaktinagar Railway Station (station code: BKNG), served only by trains from Somnath, Veraval, Junagadh and Porbandar.

Rajkot Municipal Corporation has restored city bus services with Public Private Partnership in 2007. RMC and a private company is providing around 80 CNG buses under 15 to 20 routes in city and suburbs.

Rajkot BRTS Bus and the Corridor
Rajkot BRTS Bus and the Corridor

Recently Rajkot BRTS was launched on 1 October 2012.[30] a new Bus Rapid Transit System (BRTS) with launching of the 10-km long Blue corridor and two AC buses which will be free for the first three months. The corridor is located in the west part of the city through the 150 ft ring road connecting Madhapar chokdi on the Jamangar road to Gondal chokdi on the Gondal road. The corridor will host 11 buses in further stage.

Rajkot BRTS Route

Rajkot airport apron
A Jet Airways aircraft and refuelling truck on the apron at Rajkot Airport

The fully completed project in future will have two more corridors – green and red from Arvind Maniyar Nagar to Saurashtra University and Greenland Chowk to Saurashtra University respectively involving 157 buses in three colours. Rajkot thus becomes the second city in Gujarat to have BRTS after Ahmedabad. The city of Surat too is planning an ambitious BRTS project, construction of which is going on presently.[31]

To make more ease in the public transport, a city bus service 'Rajkot Mass Transport Service (RMTS)' has also been added on 1/4/2015. Currently, it operates on 44 routes with 90 buses.

Rajkot has a large number of auto rickshaws, which operate around the clock within the city. Most of these are converted to CNG from petrol or diesel. Ola Cabs has started its operations here.


Rajkot Airport[32] is located at a short distance from the city and can be accessed by cab and auto rickshaw services. There are multiple daily flights to Mumbai, served by Air India. Air India started the Rajkot New Delhi flight from 15 February 2015.[33] Now the government had also made the decisions to built international airport in Rajkot namely Rajkot Greenfield Airport which currently under the construction.

Media and communications

State-owned All India Radio has a local station and has FM channel 102.4 Vividh Bharati in Rajkot which transmits various programs of mass interest.

Private FM stations like Radio Mirchi 98.3 FM (only station that broadcasts for 24 hours), Red FM 93.5, Big 92.7 FM and 94.3 MY FM also serve the people of Rajkot with excellent entertainment and events.


Christ College Building
Christ College building
PDMCC Campus front
PDM College of Commerce, one of oldest colleges in the city
School of Engineering RKU.jpeg
RK University

Rajkot is famous for providing education to Mahatma Gandhi (Gandhiji), at the Alfred High School. A number of schools in the city are run by Rajkot Municipal Corporation. They include 20 schools and learning centres,[34] which consist of 3 elementary schools, 7 middle schools, 4 junior high schools, 4 senior high schools, 1 education centre, and 1 special school.[35] There are also some self-financed public schools. TGES (The Galaxy Educational System) is a group of sister schools. The Galaxy School (TGS), a part of TGES, is the only international school in the city which offers the International Baccalaureate Program. Rajkot is home to Rajkumar College, Rajkot, also known as RKC, which is one of the oldest schools of India.Rkc use to be one of the Chief schools of India similar to Mayo College at Ajmer and Daly College at Indore where royals use to study.Rkc was specially established for the princes of Kathiawar.

Rajkot also has the Union Government HRD Ministry run Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya, now shifted to Jamnagar highway premise. Earlier it started at the Juni Khadki school premise of Sir Lakhajiraj High School and later moved to its own building on the Jamnagar Road. It is a CBSE Board affiliated, residential school for girls and boys, providing education to those selected at the Class VI level all India entrance test.[36][37]

The city is home to Saurashtra University, several colleges, and other institutions of higher education, both public and private. Rajkot has two private universities, RK University (RKU)[38] and Marwadi University.[39] The city has 12 engineering colleges. It has a Performing Arts College (Vocal, Classical dance, Tabla Vadan etc.) opposite Hemu Gadhvi Natya Gruh. The Saurashtra University is the city's public university. It is spread across approximately 410 acres (1.7 km2) of green land with 28 post-graduation departments.[40]

See also


  1. ^ a b "Statistics". Rajkot Municipal Corporation. Archived from the original on 17 October 2007. Retrieved 19 December 2007.
  2. ^ "Ward details". Rajkot Municipal Corporation. Archived from the original on 17 October 2007. Retrieved 19 December 2007.
  3. ^ "Statistics". Rajkot Municipal Corporation. Archived from the original on 17 October 2007. Retrieved 19 December 2007.
  4. ^ "Rajkot Municipal Corporation Demographics". Census of India. Retrieved 5 June 2016.
  5. ^ a b c "Rajkot City Census 2011 data". Census2011. Retrieved 5 June 2016.
  6. ^ Rajkot District Population Census 2011, Gujarat literacy sex ratio and density. Census2011.co.in. Retrieved on 28 July 2013.
  7. ^ (Ahmedabad ranks 7th, Surat 9th, Vadodara 22nd and Rajkot 34th)
  8. ^ http://shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in/bitstream/10603/3455/8/08_chapter%204.pdf
  9. ^ Census of India Retrieved 2015.
  10. ^ Cleanest cities in India
  11. ^ "10 clean cities that make India proud". Rediff. 8 October 2014. Retrieved 27 July 2015.
  12. ^ a b "City Mayors World's fastest growing urban areas (1)", Retrieved on 31 December 2016
  13. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc – Rajkot, Retrieved on 2007
  14. ^ Rajkot Geography, Retrieved on 3 January 2008
  15. ^ Weatherbase of Rajkot, Retrieved on 1 February 2008
  16. ^ "Rajkot Climatological Table Period: 1981–2010". India Meteorological Department. Retrieved April 10, 2015.
  17. ^ "Ever recorded Maximum and minimum temperatures up to 2010" (PDF). India Meteorological Department. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 May 2013. Retrieved 10 April 2015.
  18. ^ "Census of World".
  19. ^ "Historical Census of India".
  20. ^ "Census of Rajkot".
  21. ^ Rotary Dolls Museum, Rajkot, 21 May 2008
  22. ^ "Trimandir Architecture". Retrieved 2017-02-07.
  23. ^ List of winners at ABP News Best City Awards. Newsbullet.in (6 March 2013). Retrieved on 28 July 2013.
  24. ^ Sargam Club – Hemu Gadhvi Natyagraha, Retrieved on 13 January 2008
  25. ^ Gujarati Dayro, Retrieved on 13 January 2008
  26. ^ Gujarat Hockey Team U14, Retrieved on 28 January 2008
  27. ^ REA SEZ Archived 22 December 2007 at the Wayback Machine, Retrieved on 13 January 2008
  28. ^ Civic Call Center, Retrieved on 28 January 2008
  29. ^ "Rajkot City Police – Details". cprajkot.gujarat.gov.in.
  30. ^ Rajkot BRTS
  31. ^ Rajkot BRTS launching today – Rajkot BRTS Route. Nrigujarati.co.in (22 July 2013). Retrieved on 28 July 2013.
  32. ^ "Airports Authority of India". Archived from the original on 10 May 2015. Retrieved 27 July 2015.
  33. ^ "Daily Rajkot-Delhi Air India flight from February 15". The Times of India. Retrieved 27 July 2015.
  34. ^ RMC School Board RTI, Retrieved on 13 January 2008
  35. ^ RMC Highschools, Retrieved on 13 January 2008
  36. ^ "NVS". Retrieved 27 July 2015.
  37. ^ Application form for Navodaya
  38. ^ "RK University - First step to success". Retrieved 27 July 2015.
  39. ^ "MU| Believing in 360-degree education. |Best College in Rajkot|No-1 Rank in Gujarat". www.marwadiuniversity.ac.in. Retrieved 2017-03-16.
  40. ^ About Saurashtra University, Retrieved on 13 January 2008

Further reading

  • Sadashiv, Anant. A History of important ancient towns & cities in Gujarat & Kathiawad. ASIN B0008B2NGA.
  • Singhji, Virbhadra. The Rajputs of Saurashtra. ISBN 81-7154-546-7.
  • Curzon, George Nathaniel. Speeches.
  • Thornton, Edward. A Gazetteer of The Territories under the government of The East-India Company, and of the Native states on the continent of India. ISBN 81-85557-52-7.
  • Briggs, Henry George. The Cities of Gujaráshtra: : Their Topography and History Illustrated, in.
  • Baird, Robert. The Christian Retrospect and Register: A Summary of the Scientific, Moral.
  • Chesson, James. Transactions of the Bombay Geographical Society, from May 1844 to February 1846.

External links

Alfred High School (Rajkot)

The Alfred High School (also known as Mohandas Gandhi High School) in Rajkot is one of the oldest educational institutions in India today.


Bhadva(भाडवा) is a village in Kotda-Sangni Taluka of Rajkot district, Gujarat, India. It is situated fifteen miles south-east of Rajkot and about thirteen miles north-east of Gondal.

Bhaktinagar railway station

Bhaktinagar railway station is a small railway station in Rajkot district, Saurastra. Its code is BKNG. It serves Rajkot city. The station consists of 3 platforms. The platform is not well sheltered. It lacks many facilities including water and sanitation.

Gujarat Lions

The Gujarat Lions (often abbreviated as GL) were a franchise cricket team based in the city of Rajkot, Gujarat, that represented Indian state Gujarat in the Indian Premier League. The team played in the Indian Premier League for 2 years, the 2016 and 2017 season. The team entered the IPL as one of the replacements for Chennai Super Kings and Rajasthan Royals, who were both suspended for two seasons due to alleged illegal betting by their respective owners. The franchise was owned by Intex Technologies.

High-speed rail in India

India does not have any railways that can be classified as high-speed rail (HSR) by international standards, i.e. railways with operational speeds exceeding 200 km/h (120 mph). The current fastest train in India is the Vande Bharat Express (erstwhile Train 18) with a top speed of 180 km/h (110 mph), which runs between New Delhi and Varanasi.Prior to the 2014 general election, the two major national parties (Bharatiya Janata Party and Indian National Congress(INC)) pledged to introduce high-speed rail. The INC pledged to connect all of India's million-plus cities by high-speed rail, whereas BJP, which won the election, promised to build the Diamond Quadrilateral project, which would connect the cities of Chennai, Delhi, Kolkata, and Mumbai via high-speed rail. This project was approved as a priority for the new government in the incoming president's speech. Construction of one kilometer of high speed railway track will cost ₹100 crore (US$14 million) - ₹140 crore (US$19 million) which is 10-14 times higher than the cost of construction of standard railway.India's Union Council of Ministers approved the proposal of Japan to build India's first high-speed railway on 10 December 2015. The planned rail will run approximately 500 km (310 mi) between Mumbai and the western city of Ahmedabad at a top speed of 320 km/h (200 mph). Under this proposal, the construction began in 2017 and is expected to be completed in the year 2022. The estimated cost of this project is ₹980 billion (US$14 billion) and is financed by a low-interest loan from Japan.

Operation is officially targeted to begin in 2023, but India has announced intentions to attempt to bring the line into operation one year earlier. It will transport the passengers from Ahmedabad to Mumbai in just 3 hours and its ticket fare will be cheaper than air planes i.e. ₹2500-₹3000.

India will have two types of gauges for high speed rail. The new HSR tracks with Japanese technology will be in standard gauge, whereas older tracks upgraded to the HSR standard will be in broad gauge. Therefore there will be no interchangeability between newly laid tracks and the older-upgraded tracks for passenger and cargo traffic.

Kaba Gandhi No Delo

Kaba Gandhi No Delo (literally "Kaba Gandhi's house"), Rajkot was Indian leader Mahatma Gandhi's primary family home in India until 1915, including during those years when he stayed in London and in South Africa. Later on, on return from South Africa in 1915, he established Kocharab Ashram in Ahmedabad. Kaba Gandhi No Delo has now been converted into a museum called Gandhi Smriti.Mahatma Gandhi's father, in the name of Karamchand Gandhi was also known as Kaba Gandhi. The name of the house has been derived from Gandhiji's father's name. In Gujarati, the words Kaba Gandhi No Delo literally means 'Kaba Gandhi's residence'.

Rajkot Airport

Rajkot Airport (IATA: RAJ, ICAO: VARK) is a public airport located at Rajkot, Gujarat, India. Rajkot Airport is the 4th busiest airport in Gujarat. Daily flights are operated by Air India. Rajkot Airport has parking apron for one Boeing 737 and one ATR 72, with the terminal having capacity for only 125 people. The airport is located 3 km East of Rajkot.

Rajkot Greenfield Airport

Rajkot Greenfield International Airport is a greenfield airport to be built at Hirasar, Gujarat, India near the National Highway (NH-8B) connecting Ahmedabad and Rajkot.

It is planned as a single runway airport for the operation of ‘C’ category aircraft.

The airport will be developed by the Airports Authority of India (AAI) at a cost of Rs 1,405 crores.The site clearance approval for the airport was granted by the Centre in May 2017. Prime Minister Narendra Modi presided over the groundbreaking ceremony held on 7 October 2017. The Union ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate change (MoEF) accorded environmental clearance (EC) to the project on 10 October 2017.Land acquisition issues delayed the tendering process by a few months.Afcons, Dilip Buildcon, Gayatri Projects, Larsen & Toubro and Reliance Infrastructure were among the bidders for the Engineering, procurement, and construction (EPC) tender floated by AAI. The financial bids were opened on 9 August 2018 and Reliance emerged as the lowest bidder.

The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs gave its approval for the project on 28 February 2019.

Subsequently, in March 2019, Reliance Infrastructure was awarded the EPC contract worth Rs. 648 Crores to construct the airport. The construction is to be completed within 30 months.

The contract also requires the contractor to provide operation and maintenance services for a period of two years following the commissioning of the project.

The airport will be capable of handling Airbus A320 type of aircraft and will have a rainwater harvesting system, solar power system and a green belt along its periphery to act as a noise barrier.

The airport, measuring 2,534 acres, will be situated 27 kilometres from the existing Rajkot airport, whose capacity is constrained and cannot be expanded because of commercial development around it.

Rajkot Junction railway station

Rajkot Junction railway station is a railway station in the city of Rajkot, Gujarat. It is a major railway station in Saurashtra. It is connected to Wankaner Junction in North, Jamnagar in West and Jetalsar Junction in South. Many trains start from here.

Rajkot State

Rajkot State was one of the princely states of India during the period of the British Raj. It was a 9 gun salute state belonging to the Kathiawar Agency of the Bombay Presidency.

Its capital was in Rajkot, located in the historical Halar region of Kathiawar on the banks of the Aji River. Nowadays Rajkot is the fourth largest city of Gujarat state.

Rajkot district

Rajkot district is one of the 33 districts of the Indian state of Gujarat. Located in Saurashtra peninsula, Rajkot city is the administrative headquarters of the district. It is the third-most advanced district in Gujarat and the fourth most populus.This district is surrounded by Morbi district in north, Surendranagar and Botad districts in east, Amreli and Junagadh districts in south and Porbandar Jamnagar district in west. The district occupies an area of 11203 km².

Rajkot railway division

Rajkot railway division is one of the six railway divisions under Western Railway zone of Indian Railways. This railway division was formed on 5 November 1951 and its headquarter is located at Rajkot in the state of Gujarat of India.

Mumbai WR railway division, Ahmedabad railway division, Bhavnagar railway division, Vadodara railway division and Ratlam railway division are the other five railway divisions under WR Zone headquartered at Churchgate, Mumbai.

Rajkumar College, Rajkot

The Rajkumar College (or RKC) in Rajkot, Gujarat is one of the oldest K-12 institutions in India. RKC has a 26-acre (105,000 m²) campus in Rajkot.

Saurashtra Cricket Association Stadium

Saurashtra Cricket Association Stadium, also known as the Khandheri Cricket Stadium, is a cricket stadium in Rajkot, India. It is Gujarat's first solar powered stadium.


Vasavad is a census town in Rajkot district in the Indian state of Gujarat..

Vijay Rupani

Vijay Ramniklal Rupani (born 2 August 1956) is an Indian politician from the Bharatiya Janata Party. He has been chief minister of Gujarat (a western state of India) since 7 August 2016, and is a member of the Gujarat Legislative Assembly representing Rajkot West.

Viramgam–Okha line

The Viramgam–Okha line is a railway passing through Gujarat State.

Wankaner Junction railway station

Wankaner Junction railway station is located in Wankaner city of Morbi district, Gujarat. It is under Rajkot division of Western Railway. Its code is WKR. It has four platforms. Passenger, DEMU, Express, and Superfast trains halt here.Wankaner Junction is well connected by rail to Veraval Junction, Okha, Porbandar, Hapa, Jamnagar, Rajkot Junction, Morbi, Gandhidham Junction, Ahmedabad Junction, Bilaspur Junction, Gorakhpur Junction, Rameswaram, Delhi Sarai Rohilla, Rewa, Secunderabad Junction, Shri Mata Vaishno Devi Katra, Thiruvananthapuram, Muzaffarpur Junction, Pune Junction, Jabalpur Junction, Indore Junction, Nathdwara, Kamakhya, Bandra Terminus and Mumbai Central.

Wankaner–Surendra Nagar section

The Wankaner–Surendranagar section belongs to Western Railway of Rajkot Division in Gujarat State.

Climate data for Rajkot Airport (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 36.4
Average high °C (°F) 28.4
Average low °C (°F) 12.8
Record low °C (°F) −0.6
Average precipitation mm (inches) 0.8
Average rainy days 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.2 0.1 4.4 9.6 8.0 5.0 1.3 0.3 0.1 29.1
Source: India Meteorological Department (record high and low up to 2010)[16][17]
Population Growth of Rajkot 

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