Raipur district

Raipur district is a district in the Chhattisgarh state of India. Raipur is the administrative headquarters of the district. The district is rich in mineral resources. There are many wild life sanctuaries and sight seeing places worth visiting. The district has the population of 30 lakhs.

As of 2011 it is the most populous district of Chhattisgarh (out of 27).[1]

Raipur district
Location of Raipur district in Chhattisgarh
Location of Raipur district in Chhattisgarh
CountryIndia
StateChhattisgarh
HeadquartersRaipur
Area
 • Total13,083 km2 (5,051 sq mi)
Population
(2001)
 • Total3,009,042
 • Density230/km2 (600/sq mi)
Average annual precipitation1385 mm
WebsiteOfficial website

History

Raipur district was once part of Southern Kosal and considered to be under Maurya Kingdom. Raipur city had been the capital of the Haihaya Kings, controlling the traditional forts of Chhattisgarh for a long time. The town of Raipur has existed since the 9th century, the old site and ruins of the fort can be seen in the southern part of the city. Satawahana Kings ruled this part till the 2nd-3rd century AD.

Geography

It is situated between 22° 33' N to 21°14'N Latitude and 82° 6' to 81° 38'E Longitude. It occupies the south eastern part of the upper Mahanadi River valley and the bordering hills in the south and the east. Thus, the district is divided into two major physical divisions: the Chhattisgarh plains and the hilly areas.

To the north is Bilaspur District. To the south is Dhamtari District and Gariaband District. To the east is Mahasamund District and to the west is Durg District.

The Mahanadi River is the principal river of this district.

Climate

Raipur
Climate chart (explanation)
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32
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Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: IMD

Divisions

Raipur district is administratively divided into 13 Tehsils and 15 revenue blocks. It comprises two Lok Sabha Constituencies (Raipur and Mahasamund) and 13 Vidhan Sabha (Chhattisgarh Assembly) constituencies. The chief crop of this region is paddy. There are more than 50 large and middle scale industries in this district which have offered employment to over 10,000 people.

Demographics

According to the 2011 census Raipur district has a population of 4,062,160,[1] roughly equal to the nation of Liberia[2] or the US state of Oregon.[3] This gives it a ranking of 53rd in India (out of a total of 640).[1] The district has a population balls density of 310 inhabitants per square kilometre (800/sq mi) .[1] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 34.65%.[1] Raipur has a sex ratio of 983 females for every 1000 males,[1] and a literacy rate of 76.43%.[1]

Languages

Languages are Hindi or Chhattisgarhi accompanied with dialects like Halbi, Gondi, Bhunjia depending on the tribes in the region.Bhunjia, spoken by approximately 7000 Bhunjia Adivasis.[4]

Culture

Chhattisgarhi is the local language that most of the people in this area converse in. 'Baigas' (traditional medical practitioners) apply their own methods (called Jhad phook) to cure diseases, snake bites and the like. Raut Nacha, Dewar Nacha, Panthi & Soowa, Padki and Pandwani are some of musical styles and dance dramas. Pandwani is a famous musical way of singing Mahabharata in this region.

Women are fond of 'Kachhora' a typical manner of wearing saree. Women wearing 'Lugda' (saree) and 'Polkha' (blouse) with set of attractive ornaments are symbolic of tradition and heritage of Chhattisgarh. Various decorative items used by women are Baandha (necklace made of coins) and silver necklace 'suta', 'Phuli' for nose, 'Bali' and Khuntis for ears, 'Ainthi' (of silver worn on forearm), Patta, Choora (bangles), Kardhani on waist (a belt like thing made of silver), Pounchhi a ring for upper arm and Bichhiya worn on toes. Men also decorate themselves with Koundhi (necklace of beads) and Kadhah (bangle) for occasions like dances.

Gouri-Goura, Surti, Hareli, pola and Teeja are the main festivals of this area. Celebrated in the month of 'Shravan' hareli is a mark of greenery. Farmers worship farm equipment and cows on this occasion. They place branches and leaves of 'Bhelwa' (a tree resembling cashew tree and found in the forests and villages of this district) in the fields and pray for good crop. People also hang small Neem branches at the main entrance of houses on this occasion to prevent occurrence of seasonal diseases. Baigas start teaching medicinal techniques to their disciples starting from Hareli for fifteen days (till panchami the next day of Ganesh Chaturthi). On this day, they examine their disciples for medical skills and if they satisfied with their performance, then traditionally they gives the acceptance to practice medicine. Disciples who fail in such examination continue to learn techniques in subsequent years till they succeed to be recognized.

Children play 'GEDI' (walking on bamboo) from the festival of hareli to pola. They display various feats on GEDI and participate in GEDI race. Hareli is also beginning of festivals for Chhattisgarhi people. Pola and Teeja follow Hareli. People celebrate POLA by worshipping Bullocks. Bull race is also a major event of the festival. Children play with Nandia-Bail (Nandi the Vahan of Lord Shiva) idols made of clay and fitted with clay wheels. Teeja is the festival of women. All married women pray for the welfare of their husbands on this occasion. The custom is to perform this prayer at the parents' place of the women . They eagerly wait for this occasion to come to spend some time at their birth places in festive and devotional mood. The feeling of togetherness and social harmony is filled in every festival and art of Chhattisgarh culture.

Champaran (Chhattisgarh) is a small town in the district that has religious significance as the birthplace of the Saint Vallabhacharya.

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
  2. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Liberia 3,786,764 July 2011 est.
  3. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. Oregon 3,831,074
  4. ^ M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Bhunjia: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 2011-09-30.

External links

Coordinates: 20°55′N 82°00′E / 20.917°N 82.000°E

AAFT University of Media and Arts

AAFT University of Media and Arts is an upcoming private university to be located in Kharora, Raipur district, Chhattisgarh, India. It was established on 17 April 2018 by the Asian Education Group (AEG), and its first chancellor is Sandeep Marwah, the president of the Asian Academy of Film & Television (AAFT). It claims to be the first film, media and arts university in India.

Abhanpur

Abhanpur is a tehsil in Raipur district, Chhattisgarh, India. It is a part of the Naya Raipur township.

Abhanpur Junction railway station

Abhanpur Junction railway station is a main Narrow Gauge railway Junction in Raipur district, Chhattisgarh. Its code is DTR. It serves Abhanpur city. The station consists of 2 platforms. The station lies on the Raipur-Dhamtari branch line as well as Abhanpur-Rajim branch line of Bilaspur–Nagpur section.

Baloda Bazar district

Baloda Bazar district is a district in Chhattisgarh state of India with its headquarters at Baloda Bazar. Before its creation, it was part of Raipur district.

Bhanpuri

Bhanpuri is a census town in Raipur District in the state of Chhattisgarh, India.

Bhatgaon, Raipur

Bhatgaon is a town and a nagar nigam in Raipur district in the state of Chhattisgarh, India.

Chandrashekhar Shankar Dharmadhikari

Chandrashekhar Shankar Dharmadhikari (Dr.C.S.Dharmadhikari) (20 November 1927 – 3 January 2019) was an Indian judge, independence activist, lawyer, author. He was acting chief justice of Bombay High Court. He was awarded Padma Bhushan in 2003. He authored many books in the Hindi, Marathi and Gujarati languages. He died on 3 January 2019 in Nagpur at the age of 91 years.

Dhamtari district

Dhamtari is abbreviated from "Dhamma" + "Tarai" district and is situated in the fertile plains of the Chhattisgarh region. This district is situated at 20°42' N latitude and 81°33' E longitude. Dhamtari district was officially formed on 6 July 1998 dividing the Raipur district currently the capital of Chhattisgarh along with Mahasamund. As a result, the boundaries of the Raipur district is converted into the districts e.g. Raipur, Mahasamund and Dhamtari. Dhamtari, Kurud and Nagari are included in Dhamtari district as tehsils and Dhamtari, Kurud, Nagari and Magarlod are included as blocks. The total area of the district is 2029 km2 and 305 meters above mean sea level. The district is surrounded by District Raipur in the north and District Kanker as well as Bastar in the south, part of Orissa state in east and District Durg and Kanker in west. Mahanadi is the principal river of this district and Mahanadi is so far named as Kankannadi, Chitrotpala, Neelotpala, Mandvahini, Jairath, etc.

Its tributaries being Pairy, Sondur, Jonk, Kharun and Shivnath. The fertility of lands of Dhamtari district can be attributed to the presence of these rivers. The chief crop of this region is paddy. Mahanadi; one of the major rivers in central India originates in the hills of Sihawa and flows two the east into the Bay of Bengal.

Dhamtari district falls between two Lok Sabha constituencies (Kanker and Mahasamund) and three Assembly constituencies (Dhamtari, Kurud, Sihawa). National Highway No. 30 (Previously NH 43) Raipur – Vizianagaram (Andhra Pradesh) passes through Dhamtari. Raipur is 78 km from Dhamtari.

A unique feature of Dhamtari is the total number of rice mills, more than 136. In the east, Satpura range is located. It is popularly known as Sihawa pahad. Kanker district lies in the west . In North lies Raipur, the heart and capital city of Chhattisgarh. Southwards lies the boundary of Odisha state. Ravishankar Sagar dam that irrigates almost 57000 Hectare of land and also acts as a main supply unit of safe drinking water resource for state capital Raipur as well as supply to Bhilai Steel Plant lies at almost 11 km from the District capital . Work of 10 MW hydro-electric power plant is progressing and is likely to be completed very soon.

Asia's first ever Siphon dam was built in the year 1914 at Madamsilli. Besides Madamsilli, Sondur dam, Dudhawa dam are the major projects.

The present collector of Dhamtari is Shri C. R. Prasanna.

Janjgir (Lok Sabha constituency)

Janjgir is a Lok Sabha parliamentary constituency in Chhattisgarh, India.

Mahasamund (Lok Sabha constituency)

Mahasamund is a Lok Sabha parliamentary constituency in Chhattisgarh.

Mahasamund district

Mahasamund District is an administrative district in Chhattisgarh state in eastern India. The city of Mahasamund is the district headquarters. Mahasamund District is bounded by Raipur District - Gariyaband District - Baloda Bazar District -Raigarh District of Chhattisgarh state and Bargarh District and Nuapada District of Odisa state.

The present collector of Mahasamund is Shri Himshikhar Gupta.

Raipur

Raipur ( pronunciation ) is the capital city of the Indian state of Chhattisgarh. It is also the largest city of the state. It was formerly a part of Madhya Pradesh before the state of Chhattisgarh was formed on 1 November 2000. It has a widely diverse population from all over the country. On the industrial propects, it has seen an exponential growth over the years. With a strong presence of international brands and prominent global automobile companies, Raipur has emerged as a major business hub in the central India. It is ranked 7th in Ease of Living Index 2018 by Union Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA)

Raipur City railway station

Raipur City railway station is a railway station in Raipur district, Chhattisgarh. Its code is R. It serves Raipur city. The station consists of five platforms. The station lies on the Raipur-Dhamtari branch line of Bilaspur–Nagpur section.

Raipur Junction railway station

Raipur Junction is the main railway station serving the city of Raipur.It is only few of the railway stations in India which has been given the grade 'A-1' by the Indian Railways and is one of the highest revenue earning railway stations in India. This station is one of the prominent stations on the Howrah-Nagpur-Mumbai line. It is also the originating point of the Raipur-Vizianagarm branch line route.

Rajim

Rajim is a town in Gariaband district, Chhattisgarh, India.

Rajim railway station

Rajim railway station is a main railway station in Raipur district, Chhattisgarh. Its code is RIM. It serves Rajim village. The station consists of two platforms. The station lies on the Abhanpur-Rajim branch line of Bilaspur–Nagpur section.

Shri Rawatpura Sarkar University

Shri Rawatpura Sarkar University (SRU) is an upcoming private university to be located at the village Dhaneli in Raipur district, Chhattisgarh, India. It was established in 2018 by the Shri Rawatpura Sarkar Lok Kalyan Trust under the Chhattisgarh Private Universities (Establishmentand Operation) (Amendment) Act, 2018. The foundation stone for its campus in the village Dharni, in Rajnandgaon district was laid on 11 October 2018. The university will offer diploma, undergraduate and postgraduate courses in the fields of engineering and technology, science, art, pharmacy, fashion and interior design, management and commerce, library science, education, yoga and naturopathy and journalism and mass communication.

Urla, Raipur

Urla is a census town in Raipur District in the Indian state of Chhattisgarh.

Vallabha

Vallabhacharya (1479–1531 CE), also known as Vallabha, was a Telugu philosopher who founded the Krishna-centered Pushti sect of Vaishnavism in the Braj region of India, and the philosophy of Shuddha advaita (Pure Nondualism).Vallabha was born in a Telugu family that had been living in Varanasi, who escaped to the Champaran of Chhattisgarh state while expecting Vallabha, during the turbulent times of Hindu-Muslim conflicts in the late 15th century. Vallabha studied the Vedas and the Upanishads as a child, then travelled throughout the Indian subcontinent over 20 years. He became one of the important leaders of the devotional Bhakti movement. The hagiographies written by his followers, just like those for other Bhakti leaders, claim that he won many philosophical debates against the followers of Ramanuja, Madhvacharya and others, had visions and miracles.He is the Acharya and Guru within the Pushti sub-tradition, which he founded after his own interpretation of the Vedanta philosophy. Vallabha rejected asceticism and monastic life, suggested that through loving devotion to God Krishna, any householder could achieve salvation – an idea that became influential in western Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh. He is associated with Vishnuswami, and is the prominent Acharya of Rudra Sampradaya out of the four traditional Vaishnava Sampradayas.He authored many texts including the Anubhashya (a commentary on Brahm Sutra), Shodash Granth or sixteen 'stotras' (tracts) and several commentaries on the Bhagavata Purana. Vallabha's writings and kirtan compositions focus on baby Krishna and his childhood pranks with Yashoda (unconditional motherly love), as well as a youthful Krishna in relationship (erotic mysticism) with cowherding women as the many lilas (pastimes) of Krishna, Krishna's protection of the good (divine grace) and his victory over demons and evils, all with allegory and symbolism. His legacy is best preserved in the Braj region, and particularly at Nathdwara in Mewar region of India – an important Krishna pilgrimage center.

Imperial conversion
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Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Places adjacent to Raipur district
Cities and towns in Raipur district
Raipur
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in other districts
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Divisions
Districts
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Geographical features
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