Raipur (/ˈraɪpʊər/ pronunciation (help·info)) is a city in Raipur district in the Indian state of Chhattisgarh. It is the largest city and the capital of Chhattisgarh. It was formerly a part of Madhya Pradesh before the state of Chhattisgarh was formed on 1 November 2000.
Top to Bottom: A temple in Raipur, Statues exhibiting Chhattisgarhi 'Dangchagha' folk dance in Raipur Park, Raipur Airport
|• Type||Municipal Corporation|
|• Body||Raipur Municipal Corporation|
|• Mayor||Pramod Dubey|
|• District Collector||O. P. Chowdhary (IAS)|
|• Municipal Commissioner||Rajat bansal (IAS)|
|• Metropolis||226 km2 (87 sq mi)|
|Elevation||298.15 m (978.18 ft)|
India : 45th|
Chhattisgarh : 1st
|• Density||4,500/km2 (12,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
As of the 2011 census, Raipur Municipal Corporation had a population of 1,010,087, of which 519,286 are males and 490,801 are females —a sex ratio of 945 females per 1000 males, higher than the national average of 940 per 1000. 124,471 children are in the age group of 0–6 years, of which 64,522 are boys and 59,949 are girls —a ratio of 929 girls per 1000 boys. There are 769,593 literates (420,155 males, 349,438 females). The effective literacy was 86.90%; male literacy was 92.39% and female literacy was 81.10%, significantly higher than the national average of 73.00%.
The urban agglomeration had a population of 1,122,555, of which males constitute 578,339, females constitute 544,216 —a sex ratio of 941 females per 1000 males and 142,826 children are in the age group of 0–6 years. There are a total of 846,952 literates with an effective literacy rate of 86.45%.
|Climate chart (explanation)|
Raipur is located near the centre of a large plain, sometimes referred as the "rice bowl of India", where hundreds of varieties of rice are grown. The Mahanadi River flows to the east of the city of Raipur, and the southern side has dense forests. The Maikal Hills rise on the north-west of Raipur; on the north, the land rises and merges with the Chota Nagpur Plateau, which extends north-east across Jharkhand state. On the south of Raipur lies the Deccan Plateau.
Raipur has a tropical wet and dry climate, temperatures remain moderate throughout the year, except from March to June, which can be extremely hot. The temperature in April–May sometimes rises above 48 °C (118 °F).These summer months also have dry and hot winds. In summers, the temperature can also go up to 50 °C. The city receives about 1,300 millimetres (51 in) of rain, mostly in the monsoon season from late June to early October. Winters last from November to January and are mild, although lows can fall to 5 °C (41 °F) making it reasonably cold.
|Climate data for Raipur (1901–1998)|
|Average high °C (°F)||28.0
|Average low °C (°F)||13.1
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||11.3
Raipur Junction railway station is situated on the Howrah-Nagpur-Mumbai line of the Indian Railways (via Bhusawal, Nagpur, Gondia, Bilaspur, Rourkela, Kharagpur) and is connected with most major cities.
Raipur has become the educational hub of Chhatisgarh due to presence of many institutes of National importance in Engineering, Management, Medical and Law. It is the only city in India which is home to IIM, NIT, AIIMS, Hidayatullah National Law University, and IIIT. IIT Chhattisgarh is proposed at Bhilai which is 30 km from Raipur.
Many local news channels are telecast from Raipur in Hindi:
|CG 24 news channel CG||Hindi|
|Grand News (Cable Network)||Hindi|
|ETV MP Chhattisgarh||Hindi|
|Zee MP CG||Hindi|
|India News MP CG||Hindi|
|Abhi Tak (Cable Network)||Hindi|
Many national and local newspapers are published from Raipur both in Hindi and English:
|Dainik Vishwa Pariwar||Hindi|
|The Central Chronicle||English|
|The Times of India||English|
|Business Standard||English, Hindi|
|Business Bhaskar||English, Hindi|
Raipur city has 6 FM Radio Stations which are-
|94.3 FM||MY FM||Jio Dil Se|
|95.0 FM||FM Tadka||Sound's Good|
|98.3 FM||Radio Mirchi||Mirchi Sunane Wale Always Khush|
|101.6 FM||All India Radio Raipur & Vividh Bharti||Desh Ki Surili Dhadkan|
|104.8 FM||Radio Rangila||Jamm ke suno|
Naya Raipur (New Raipur) is the new capital of Chhattisgarh. Located between National Highways NH-6 and NH-43, it is 17 km away in the south-east direction from the older city of Raipur. Swami Vivekananda Airport separates the old and new cities.