Raipur

Raipur (/ˈraɪpʊər/ pronunciation ) is the capital city of the Indian state of Chhattisgarh. It is also the largest city of the state. It was formerly a part of Madhya Pradesh before the state of Chhattisgarh was formed on 1 November 2000.[3] It has a widely diverse population from all over the country. On the industrial propects, it has seen an exponential growth over the years. With a strong presence of international brands and prominent global automobile companies, Raipur has emerged as a major business hub in the central India. It is ranked 7th in Ease of Living Index 2018 by Union Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA)[4][5]

Raipur
A temple in Raipur
Statues exhibiting Chhattisgarhi 'Dangchagha' folk dance in Raipur Park
Raipur Airport
Top to Bottom: A temple in Raipur, statues exhibiting Chhattisgarhi 'Dangchagha' folk dance in Raipur Park, Raipur Airport
Raipur is located in Chhattisgarh
Raipur
Raipur
Raipur is located in India
Raipur
Raipur
Coordinates: 21°15′N 81°38′E / 21.25°N 81.63°ECoordinates: 21°15′N 81°38′E / 21.25°N 81.63°E
CountryIndia
StateChhattisgarh
DistrictRaipur
Government
 • TypeMunicipal Corporation
 • BodyRaipur Municipal Corporation

Raipur Development Authority (RDA)

Naya Raipur Development Authority (NRDA)
 • MayorPramod Dubey (INC)
 • District CollectorDr. Basavaraju S. (IAS).
 • District Superintendent of PoliceSmt.Neethu Kamal (IPS).
 • Municipal CommissionerMr. Shiv Anant Tayal (IAS)
Area
 • Metropolis226 km2 (87 sq mi)
Elevation
298.15 m (978.18 ft)
Population
(2011)[1]
 • Metropolis1,010,087
 • RankIndia : 45th
Chhattisgarh : 1st
 • Density4,500/km2 (12,000/sq mi)
 • Metro1,122,555
Demonym(s)Raipurians / Raipurya
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
492001-22
Vehicle registrationCG-04
UN/LOCODEIN RPR
Websitewww.raipur.gov.in

History

The earliest archaeological evidence from old sites and ruins of fort indicate the existence of Raipur since the 9th century. However there are enough literary evidences which define the History of Raipur since the time of Mauryan Empire. Raipur district was once part of Southern Kosal and considered to be under Mouryan Empire. Raipur city had later been the capital of the Haihaya Kings, controlling the traditional forts of the Chhattisgarh for a long time. Satawahana Kings ruled this part till the 2nd-3rd century AD. Samudragupta had conquered this region in Fourth century, but the region came under the sway of Sarabhpuri Kings and then Nala Kings in 5th and 6th centuries. Later on Somavanshi kings had taken the control over this region and ruled with Sirpur (Sripur-The city of Wealth) as their capital city. The Kalchuri Kings of Tumman ruled this part for a long time making Ratanpur as capital. It is believed that the King Ramachandra of this dynasty established the city of Raipur and subsequently made it the capital of his kingdom.[6]

Another story about Raipur is that King Ramachandra’s son Brahmdeo Rai had established Raipur. His capital was Khalwatika (Now Khallari). The newly constructed city was named after Brahmdeo Rai as ‘Raipur’. It was during his time in 1402 A.D. that the temple of Hatkeshwar Mahadev was constructed on the banks of river Kharun which still remains one of the oldest landmarks in Raipur city. After the death of king Amarsingh Deo, this region had become the domain of Bhonsle Kings of Nagpur. With the death of Raghuji the III, the territory was assumed by the British Government from Bhonsle’s and Chhatisgarh was declared a separate Commission with its headquarters at Raipur in 1854. After independence, Raipur district was included in Central Provinces and Berar. Raipur district becane a part of Madhya Pradesh on 1 November 1956 and subsequently became a part of Chhattisgarh on 1 November 2000 with Raipur becoming the capital of the new state.[7]

Demographics

As of the 2011 census, Raipur Municipal Corporation had a population of 1,010,087, of which 519,286 are males and 490,801 are females —a sex ratio of 945 females per 1000 males, higher than the national average of 940 per 1000.[8] 124,471 children are in the age group of 0–6 years, of which 64,522 are boys and 59,949 are girls —a ratio of 929 girls per 1000 boys. There are 769,593 literates (420,155 males, 349,438 females). The effective literacy was 86.90%; male literacy was 92.39% and female literacy was 81.10%, significantly higher than the national average of 73.00%.[1][9]

The urban agglomeration had a population of 1,122,555, of which males constitute 578,339, females constitute 544,216 —a sex ratio of 941 females per 1000 males and 142,826 children are in the age group of 0–6 years. There are a total of 846,952 literates with an effective literacy rate of 86.45%.[2]

Geography and climate

Raipur
Climate chart (explanation)
JFMAMJJASOND
 
 
6.7
 
 
28
13
 
 
12
 
 
31
17
 
 
25
 
 
36
21
 
 
16
 
 
40
25
 
 
19
 
 
42
28
 
 
190
 
 
37
27
 
 
381
 
 
31
24
 
 
345
 
 
30
24
 
 
230
 
 
31
24
 
 
54
 
 
32
22
 
 
7.4
 
 
30
17
 
 
3.7
 
 
27
13
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: IMD

Geography

Raipur is located near the centre of a large plain, sometimes referred as the "rice bowl of India", where hundreds of varieties of rice are grown.[10] The Mahanadi River flows to the east of the city of Raipur, and the southern side has dense forests. The Maikal Hills rise on the north-west of Raipur; on the north, the land rises and merges with the Chota Nagpur Plateau, which extends north-east across Jharkhand state. On the south of Raipur lies the Deccan Plateau.

Climate

Raipur has a tropical wet and dry climate, temperatures remain moderate throughout the year, except from March to June, which can be extremely hot. The temperature in April–May sometimes rises above 48 °C (118 °F). These summer months also have dry and hot winds. In summers, the temperature can also go up to 50 °C. The city receives about 1,300 millimetres (51 in) of rain, mostly in the monsoon season from late June to early October. Winters last from November to January and are mild, although lows can fall to 5 °C (41 °F) making it reasonably cold.

Transport

Raipur Railway Station Entrance
Raipur Junction Railway Station Entrance

Railways

Raipur Junction railway station is situated on the Howrah-Nagpur-Mumbai line of the Indian Railways (via Bhusawal, Nagpur, Gondia, Bilaspur, Rourkela, Kharagpur) and is connected with most major cities.

Airport

Swami Vivekananda Airport Raipur
Swami Vivekananda Airport, Raipur

Swami Vivekananda Airport or Mana Airport is primary airport serving the state of Chhattisgarh. The airport is located, 15 km (9.3 mi) south of Raipur near Naya Raipur.

Education

Raipur has become the educational hub of Chhattisgarh due to the presence of many institutes of national importance in Engineering, Management, Medical and Law. It is the only city in India which is home to IIM, NIT, AIIMS, Hidayatullah National Law University, and IIIT.[12]

Premier institutes

Government universities

Private universities and deemed universities

Commerce, engineering and management colleges

Primary and secondary education

Media

News channels

Many local news channels are telecast from Raipur in Hindi:

News channels Language
CG 24 news channel CG Hindi
IBC 24 Hindi
Khabar Bharati Hindi
Grand News (Cable Network) Hindi
ETV MP Chhattisgarh Hindi
Sadhna News Hindi
Sahara Samaye Hindi
Zee MP CG Hindi
India News MP CG Hindi
Bansal News Hindi
Abhi Tak (Cable Network) Hindi

Newspapers

Many national and local newspapers are published from Raipur both in Hindi and English:

Newspaper Language
Dainik Bhaskar Hindi
Dainik Vishwa Pariwar Hindi
Patrika Hindi
Nava Bharat Hindi
Deshbandhu Hindi
Nai Duniya Hindi
Haribhoomi Hindi
The Central Chronicle English
Hindustan Times English
Hindustan Hindi
The Hitavada English
The Pioneer English
Business Standard English, Hindi
Business Bhaskar English, Hindi

Radio

Raipur city has six FM Radio Stations -

Frequency Modulation Channel Slogan
94.3 FM MY FM Jio Dil Se
95.0 FM FM Tadka Sound's Good
98.3 FM Radio Mirchi Mirchi Sunane Wale Always Khush
101.6 FM All India Radio Raipur & Vividh Bharti Desh Ki Surili Dhadkan
104.8 FM Radio Rangila Jamm ke suno

Notable people associated with Raipur

  • Vallabhacharya,a Hindu theologian and philosopher who founded the Krishna-centered Pushti sect of Vaishnavism and the philosophy of Shuddha advaita (Pure Nondualism), was born in the village of Champaran about 60 kms away from Raipur in 1479
Vivekananda Raipur
Swami Vivekananda spent 2 years of his teenage in this building at Raipur
  • Swami Vivekananda spent two years of his teenage in Raipur from 1877 till 1879 when his father was transferred here.[13]
  • Ravishankar Shukla, the 1st Chief Minister of the state of Madhya Pradesh, spent his childhood and was educated in Raipur.
  • Abdul Qadir Raipuri(born 1878 / 1295AH) was a spiritual reformer and well known guide of Islam.
  • Justice Mohammad Hidayatullah, former Chief Justice of India and former acting President of India, received his primary education at the Government High School of Raipur until 1922.
  • Veer Narayan Singh,[14][15] freedom fighter, he was jailed at Raipur by the British Army.
  • Harinath De, great Indian historian, scholar and a polyglot, who later became the first Indian librarian of the National Library of India (then Imperial Library) spent his childhood and did his initial schooling in Raipur.
  • Osho started his teaching career as a lecturer in Raipur Sanskrit College in 1957.[16]
  • Habib Tanvir, noted theatre artist and playwright, was born in Raipur in 1923.
  • K. S. Sudarshan, the former chief of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh, was born in Raipur in 1931. He died in Raipur on 15 September 2012.
  • Vidya Charan Shukla, former Union Minister and a nine-term parliamentarian, was born in Raipur.
  • Harshad Mehta, the infamous stock broker, spent his childhood in Raipur after his parents moved here from Mumbai.
  • Lucky Ali, noted Bollywood singer/composer/actor did a part of his schooling from Rajkumar College, Raipur[17]
  • Anurag Basu, noted Bollywood movie director, was born in Raipur and later moved to the neighbouring city of Bhilai.
  • Shekhar Sen, world-famous musical monoact player, born and raised in Raipur.

Atal Nagar

Atal Nagar (formerly known as Naya Raipur) (Atal Nagar (formerly known as New Raipur)) is the new capital of Chhattisgarh.[18] Located between National Highways NH-6 and NH-43, it is 17 km away in the south-east direction from the older city of Raipur. Swami Vivekananda Airport separates the old and new cities.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Cities having population 1 lakh and above, Census 2011" (PDF). The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 25 June 2014.
  2. ^ a b "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). censusindia. The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 25 June 2014.
  3. ^ Ajit Kumar Jha (8 July 2018). "Credible Chhattisgarh". State of the States. India Today. Archived from the original on 14 July 2018. Retrieved 8 January 2019 – via INDIATODAY.IN.
  4. ^ "AP, ODISHA & Madhya Pradesh Bag award of Three Best Performing States In "Ease of Living Index"". pib.nic.in. Retrieved 20 February 2019.
  5. ^ Pioneer, The. "Raipur beats Indore, Bhopal in Ease of living Index". The Pioneer. Retrieved 20 February 2019.
  6. ^ "Raipur Heritage and History". raipur-heritage.mapunity.com. Retrieved 8 January 2019.
  7. ^ https://raipur.gov.in/history/
  8. ^ "Sex Ratio". The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 2 September 2014.
  9. ^ "Chapter–3 (Literates and Literacy rate)" (PDF). Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. Retrieved 2 September 2014.
  10. ^ "Chhattisgarh Details, Chhattisgarh Online, Chhattisgarh Information, Chhattisgarh State". Walkincg.com. Archived from the original on 4 March 2013. Retrieved 4 October 2012.
  11. ^ "Raipur Climatological Table (1971–2000)". Retrieved 18 July 2012.
  12. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 12 August 2014. Retrieved 12 August 2014.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  13. ^ "Reminiscences of Swami Vivekananda – Frank Parlato Jr. - Bhupendranath Datta". Vivekananda.net. Retrieved 4 October 2012.
  14. ^ "EXECUTION OF VEER NARAYAN SINGH". indianpost.com.
  15. ^ Veer Narayan Singh
  16. ^ Carter 1990, p. 44
  17. ^ "Songs of Lucky Ali Bollywood Songs". Jhunkar.com. Retrieved 4 October 2012.
  18. ^ "New Raipur takes Chhattisgarh into new age". Zee News. 2 November 2012. Retrieved 9 January 2018.

External links

Chhattisgarh

Chhattisgarh (Chhattīsgaṛh, Hindi pronunciation: [/ˈtʃʰət̪ːisgəɽʱ/], translation: Thirty-Six Forts) is one of the 29 states of India, located in the centre-east of the country. It is the tenth-largest state in India, with an area of 135,191 km2 (52,198 sq mi). With a 2011 population of 25.5 million, Chhattisgarh is the 16th-most populated state in the country. A resource-rich state, it is a source of electricity and steel for the country, accounting for 15% of the total steel produced. Chhattisgarh is one of the fastest-developing states in India.The state was formed on 1 November 2000 by partitioning 10 Chhattisgarhi and 6 Gondi speaking southeastern districts of Madhya Pradesh. The capital city is Raipur. Chhattisgarh borders the states of Madhya Pradesh in the northwest, Uttar Pradesh in the north, Jharkhand in northeast, Maharashtra in the southwest, Telangana in the south, Odisha in the southeast. Currently the state comprises 27 districts.

The Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP) of Chhattisgarh is ₹3.63 lakh crore (US$51 billion) and the per capita GSDP ₹102,762 (US$1,400)

Kila Raipur

Kila Raipur is a noted village of Ludhiana district in Punjab, India as it hosts the annual Kila Raipur Sports Festival, known as the Rural Olympics. The events played often demonstrate the physical strength and valor of the Punjabi men and women.

List of institutions of higher education in Chhattisgarh

This is an incomplete list of universities and colleges in Chhattisgarh, India.

National Institute of Technology, Raipur

National Institute of Technology, Raipur (abbreviated NIT Raipur or NITRR), is a publicly funded premier engineering and research institution located in Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India. Founded in 1956 with two engineering disciplines, mining and metallurgy, the institute is one of the oldest institute in National Institutes of Technology system. It is recognized as an Institute of National Importance by the Government of India under the National Institutes of Technology Act, 2007.

Naya Raipur

Naya Raipur, officially known as Atal Nagar, is an upcoming city in Chhattisgarh. It is planned to replace Raipur as the capital city of Chhattisgarh. "Mantralay", the states's administrative body is situated here. The city is located between National Highways NH-53 and NH-30, about 17 km south-east of the capital city Raipur; Swami Vivekananda Airport separates Raipur and Naya Raipur.

About half of the total acquired land is being used for public facilities; 23% of the land would be reserved for government and educational institutions; and 30% of the land will be used for residential and economical purposes. The city is envisaged to accommodate about 560,000 people by phase III, i.e., within 2031 as per the Master Development Plan prepared by Naya Raipur Development Authority now Atal Nagar Vikas Pradhikaran. Provisions have been made for its expansion and to upgrade infrastructure in the future.

Naya Raipur is India's seventh planned city after Jamshedpur (Jharkhand), Bhubaneshwar (Odisha), Gandhinagar (Gujarat), Chandigarh (Punjab & Haryana), Navi Mumbai (Maharashtra), and Durgapur (West Bengal) and fourth among the capital cities.

Raipur, Bankura (Vidhan Sabha constituency)

Raipur (Vidhan Sabha constituency) is an assembly constituency in Bankura district in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is reserved for scheduled tribes.

Raipur, Bankura (community development block)

Raipur is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Khatra subdivision of Bankura district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

Raipur, Bhopal

Raipur is a village in the Bhopal district of Madhya Pradesh, India. It is located in the Huzur tehsil and the Phanda block.

Raipur, Dahanu

Raipur is a village in the Palghar district of Maharashtra, India. It is located in the Dahanu taluka.

Raipur-Bhilai-Durg Expressway

Raipur-Bhilai-Durg Expressway is a 70-kilometre-long (43 mi) high-speed urban expressway which links Raipur- Bhilai and Durg on Asian Highway 46 (India) (AH-46) in the state of Chhattisgarh. The expressway also connects Chhattisgarh with Visakhapatnam, one of the most important ports of India.

The expressway has two toll stations installed, one at Kharun - at the entry point of the expressway from Raipur and the other at Kutelabhata - at the exit point of the expressway towards Bhilai.

The construction work of Raipur-Bhilai Expressway Project, worth Rs 95 crore was awarded by the National Highways Authority of India to DS Constructions Ltd (DSC). The expressway has been constructed on a Build-Operate-Transfer (BOT) basis with a concession period of 11 years 9 months, including the construction period of the project. The work included four laning of the existing two-lane carriageway on the Raipur-Bhilai section of NH-6 in Chhattisgarh. This has reduced the travel time between Raipur and Bhilai.

Raipur Araiyan

Raipur Araiyan or Raipur Araian is a medium size village in Phillaur tehsil of Jalandhar District of Punjab State, India. It is situated on Phillaur Nawanshahr Road and located 5.6 km from Nagar, 12.6 km from Phillaur, 55.8 km from Jalandhar and 110 km from state capital Chandigarh. Raipur Araiyan has postal head office in Dayalpur which is 2.8 km away from the village. The village is administrated by a sarpanch who is an elected representative of village as per Panchayati raj (India).

Raipur Junction railway station

Raipur Junction is the main railway station serving the city of Raipur.It is only few of the railway stations in India which has been given the grade 'A-1' by the Indian Railways and is one of the highest revenue earning railway stations in India. This station is one of the prominent stations on the Howrah-Nagpur-Mumbai line. It is also the originating point of the Raipur-Vizianagarm branch line route.

Raipur Rani

Raipur Rani is a census town in Panchkula district in the Indian state of Haryana. It is Located on the Chandigarh- Nahan-Paonta Sahib-Dehradun highway 30 kilometers east from the Chandigarh-Mohali-Panchkula urban cities combine. It is about 20 kilometers from the Dera Bassi Industrial belt and 10 kilometers from the Barwala industrial estate. Narayangarh in the Ambala District is the next large town in its proximity.

Raipur Sagnewal

Raipur Sagnewal is a village in Phillaur tehsil of Jalandhar District of Punjab State, India. It is located 2 km away from Nagar, 49 km from Jalandhar and 117 km from state capital Chandigarh. Raipur Sagnewal has postal head office in Phillaur which is 5.6 km away from the village. The village is administrated by a sarpanch who is an elected representative of village as per Panchayati raj (India).

Raipur Upazila

Raipur (Bengali: রায়পুর) is an upazila in Lakshmipur District, Chittagong Division, Bangladesh. It is surrounded by the upazilas of Faridganj, Ramganj, Lakshmipur Sadar, Mehendiganj and Haimchar, and on the west by the Megna River. Raipur has 40,618 households, and covers an area of 201.32 square kilometres (77.73 sq mi).

Raipur district

Raipur district is a district in the Chhattisgarh state of India. Raipur is the administrative headquarters of the district. The district is rich in mineral resources. There are many wild life sanctuaries and sight seeing places worth visiting. The district has the population of 30 lakhs.

As of 2011 it is the most populous district of Chhattisgarh (out of 27).

Satyendra Prasanna Sinha, 1st Baron Sinha

Satyendra Prasanna Sinha, 1st Baron Sinha, KCSI, PC, KC, (24 March 1863 – 4 March 1928) was a prominent lawyer and statesman in British India. He was the first Governor of Bihar and Orissa, first Indian Advocate-General of Bengal, first Indian to become a member of the Viceroy's executive Council and the first Indian to become a member of the British ministry. He is sometimes also referred as Satyendra Prasanno Sinha or Satyendra Prasad Sinha.

South East Central Railway zone

The South East Central Railway (abbreviated SECR and दपूमरे) is one of the 18 railway zones in India. It is headquartered at Bilaspur and comprises the Bilaspur and Nagpur divisions (formerly part of the South Eastern Railway) and the new Raipur division.

Swami Vivekananda Airport

Swami Vivekananda Airport (IATA: RPR, ICAO: VARP), formerly known as Raipur Airport , is the primary airport serving the state of Chhattisgarh, India. The airport is located at Mana between Raipur (15 km (9.3 mi)) and Naya Raipur 10 km (6.2 mi). It is the 29th busiest airport in India by passenger traffic and 32nd busiest by aircraft movement.

On 24 January 2012, the airport was renamed after Swami Vivekananda, as a tribute to the popular saint who spent two of his teenage years in Raipur.

Imperial conversion
JFMAMJJASOND
 
 
0.3
 
 
82
56
 
 
0.5
 
 
88
62
 
 
1
 
 
96
69
 
 
0.6
 
 
103
78
 
 
0.7
 
 
108
83
 
 
7.5
 
 
99
80
 
 
15
 
 
87
75
 
 
14
 
 
86
75
 
 
9.1
 
 
88
75
 
 
2.1
 
 
89
71
 
 
0.3
 
 
85
62
 
 
0.1
 
 
81
56
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Climate data for Raipur (1901–1998)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 28.0
(82.4)
30.9
(87.6)
35.8
(96.4)
40.2
(104.4)
42.1
(107.8)
37.3
(99.1)
31.3
(88.3)
30.4
(86.7)
31.8
(89.2)
32.2
(90.0)
30.2
(86.4)
27.9
(82.2)
33.2
(91.8)
Average low °C (°F) 13.1
(55.6)
15.9
(60.6)
20.3
(68.5)
24.8
(76.6)
27.7
(81.9)
26.2
(79.2)
23.9
(75.0)
23.8
(74.8)
23.8
(74.8)
21.3
(70.3)
16.4
(61.5)
12.6
(54.7)
20.8
(69.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 11.3
(0.44)
15.6
(0.61)
13.0
(0.51)
15.1
(0.59)
31.6
(1.24)
196.4
(7.73)
330.6
(13.02)
355.4
(13.99)
216.8
(8.54)
50.8
(2.00)
14.0
(0.55)
7.5
(0.30)
1,258.1
(49.53)
Source: IMD[11]
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