Rainer Froese

Rainer Froese, born 25 August 1950 in Wismar, Germany,[2] is a senior scientist at the Helmholtz Center for Ocean Research (GEOMAR) in Kiel, formerly the Leibniz Institute of Marine Sciences (IFM-GEOMAR), and a Pew Fellow in Marine Conservation.[3] He obtained an MSc in Biology in 1985 at the University of Kiel and a PhD in Biology in 1990 from the University of Hamburg. Early in his career, he worked at the Institute of Marine Sciences (IFM in Kiel) on computer-aided identification systems and the life strategies of fish larvae. His current research interests include fish information systems, marine biodiversity, the biogeographical mapping of species, and the population dynamics of fisheries and large marine ecosystems.[3]

Froese is best known for his work developing and maintaining FishBase, a large and widely accessed online information system on fish.[3] From 1990 until 2000, Froese lead the development of FishBase at ICLARM in Manila. Since 2000, he has coordinated the large international consortium that now oversees FishBase.[4] Its searchable database contains 34,000 fish species and the site receives over 30 million views each month.[5] He is also the coordinator of AquaMaps, which produces computer-generated global distribution maps for marine species,[6] and science adviser to SeaLifeBase, which is an extension of FishBase to aquatic organisms other than fish.[7][8]

Froese has authored or co-authored over 100 scientific publications.[9] In 1998, along with Daniel Pauly and others, Froese authored an influential paper called Fishing down marine food webs.[10] The paper examined the consequences of preferentially targeting large predator fish over smaller forage fish. As a result, the fishing industry has been "fishing down the food web", and the mean trophic level in the oceans has progressively decreased. More recently, in a 2011 letter to Nature, he stated that the European Common Fisheries Policy "consistently gets to overrule scientific advice and drive fish stocks to the brink of collapse. Without massive subsidies, European fisheries would be bankrupt: the cost of hunting the few remaining fish would exceed the income from selling the catch."[11]

Rainer Froese
Born25 August 1950 (age 68)
Alma materUniversity of Hamburg (PhD)
University of Kiel (MSc)
Known forDeveloping and coordinating FishBase
AwardsPew Fellow in Marine Conservation
Scientific career
FieldsMarine ecology
InstitutionsLeibniz Institute of Marine Sciences (IFM-GEOMAR)[1]

Some publications

See also


  1. ^ Leibniz Institute of Marine Sciences (IFM-GEOMAR), Kiel Archived 27 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ Utecht, Christine (10 March 2006). "Curriculum of Research" (PDF). The Future Ocean. Leibniz Institute of Marine Sciences. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 December 2013. Retrieved 19 December 2013.
  3. ^ a b c Marine Fellow: Rainer Froese Pew Environment Group.
  4. ^ Dr. Rainer Froese Oceania. Retrieved 15 July 2011.
  5. ^ FishBase – main web page.
  6. ^ AquaMaps – home web page
  7. ^ Sealifebase: Partners Archived 3 August 2011 at the Wayback Machine. Updated 30 September 2010. Retrieved 18 July 2011.
  8. ^ Sealifebase: Home Archived 14 August 2011 at the Wayback Machine. Updated 30 September 2010. Retrieved 18 July 2011.
  9. ^ Board of Trustees Archived 30 July 2012 at Archive.today, FishBase Information and Research Group. Retrieved 15 July 2011.
  10. ^ Pauly D, Christensen V, Dalsgaard J, Froese R and Torres F (1998) "Fishing down marine food webs" Science, 279: 860–863.
  11. ^ Froese R (2011) "Fishery reform slips through the net" Nature, Letter, 475: 7. doi:10.1038/475007a Expanded version


External links


Acanthocobitis is a genus of freshwater ray-finned fish of the stone loach family, Nemacheilidae. Recent work has suggested that the genus be split into two with the subgenus Paracanthocobitis being raised to a full species, leaving just the type species, Acanthocobitis pavonacea, in the current genus.

Catalog of Fishes

Catalog of Fishes is a comprehensive on-line database and reference work on the scientific names of fish species and genera. It is global in its scope and is hosted by the California Academy of Sciences. It has been compiled and is continuously updated by the curator emeritus of the CAS fish collection, William Eschmeyer.

The taxonomy maintained by the Catalog of Fishes is considered authoritative and it is used as a baseline reference for instance by the broader global fish database FishBase, which involves cross-references to the Catalog's information for all accepted taxa. The searchable catalogue contains entries for about 58,300 fish species names, about 33,400 of which are currently accepted (valid), and for some 10,600 genera (5,100 valid). The information given for any species name generally contains the reference to the original description, to the type specimen, references to the usage of the name in taxonomic literature, a statement of the current status of the name and valid name of the taxon, and the family it belongs to.

A printed 3000-page three-volume and CD version of the Catalogue was published in 1998. That was preceded by a Catalog of the genera of recent fishes in 1990.

Cirrhinus jullieni

Cirrhinus jullieni is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus Cirrhinus. Many authorities regard C. jullieni as a synonym of Cirrhinus molitorella.


FishBase is a global species database of fish species (specifically finfish). It is the largest and most extensively accessed online database on adult finfish on the web. Over time it has "evolved into a dynamic and versatile ecological tool" that is widely cited in scholarly publications.FishBase provides comprehensive species data, including information on taxonomy, geographical distribution, biometrics and morphology, behaviour and habitats, ecology and population dynamics as well as reproductive, metabolic and genetic data. There is access to tools such as trophic pyramids, identification keys, biogeographical modelling and fishery statistics and there are direct species level links to information in other databases such as LarvalBase, GenBank, the IUCN Red List and the Catalog of Fishes.As of November 2018, FishBase included descriptions of 34,000 species and subspecies, 323,200 common names in almost 300 languages, 58,900 pictures, and references to 55,300 works in the scientific literature. The site has about 700,000 unique visitors per month.


Froese is a German surname. Notable people with the surname include:

Bob Froese (born 1958), Canadian ice hockey player

Byron Froese (born 1991), Canadian ice hockey player

Charlotte Froese Fischer (born 1929), Canadian academic

Edgar Froese (1944–2015), German musician

Gayleen Froese (born 1972), Canadian writer and singer-songwriter

Grover Froese (1916–1982), American baseball umpire

Jacob Froese (1917–2003), Canadian politician

Jake Froese (1925–2013), Canadian politician

Jerome Froese (born 1970), German musician

Kianz Froese (born 1996), Canadian soccer player

Rainer Froese (born 1950), German scientist

Tom Froese (born 1952), Canadian politician

Labeobarbus humphri

Labeobarbus humphri is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus Labeobarbus from the Democratic Republic of the Congo where it is only known from one location.


Macroudidae is a family of deep sea fish, a diverse and ecologically important group, which are part of the order of cod-like fish, the Gadiformes. The species in the Macrouridae are characterised by their large heads which normally have a single barbel on the chin, projecting snouts, and slender bodies that taper to whip-like tails, without an obvious caudal fin but what there is of the caudal fin is often confluent with the posterior dorsal and anal fins. There are normally two dorsal fins, the anterior dorsal fin is quite high, the posterior quite low but is longer and takes up a greater proportion of the fish's of the back, species in the subfamily Macrouroidinae have a single dorsal fin. The long anal fin is almost as long as the second dorsal fin is nearly as long as the posterior dorsal, and sometimes it is longer. The pelvic fin is inserted in the vicinity of the thorax and normally has 5-17 fin rays but are absent in Macrouroides. The body is covered in small scales and if they have a photophore, it is usually on the midline of the abdomen just in front of the anus. The bioluminescence of these fish is produced by symbiotic bioluminescent bacteria. The structure of the skull has been used to show their placing in the Gadiformes, but they differ from the typical cods in that they possess one stout spine in the anterior dorsal fin.The species in this family are mainly benthopelagic, they are found at depths of 200-2000 m, they occur on the sea bed and have a wide distribution from the Arctic to the Antarctic. The species in the Macrouridae normally live near the sea bed on the continental slope, however, some species are bathypelagic or mesopelagic, other species occur on the outer continental shelf. Their bodies are loose in texture rather than firm and they are weak swimmers. Some species are of commercial importance to fisheries.

Mycteroperca xenarcha

The broomtail grouper or mangrove grouper (Mycteroperca xenarcha) is a species of ray-finned fish from the family Serranidae which is found in the eastern Pacific along the western coast of the Americas from California to Peru.

Nemacheilus rueppelli

Nemacheilus rueppelli, also known as the mongoose loach is a species of stone loach from rivers in India. It includes Nemachilichthys shimogensis, which frequently is recognized as a valid species from the Thunga River in Karnataka, but Keskar et al. 2015 treat them as synonyms, while Fishbase says the name is misapplied and should not be used as N. shimgoensis is treated as a separate species by Fishbase and the IUCN. According to Keskar et al, 2015 this species is placed in the monotypic genus Nemachilichthys but Fishbase retains it in Nemacheilus., although Catalog of Fishes follows treatment outlined by Keskar et al.

Northern pearl dace

The northern pearl dace (Margariscus nachtriebi) is a freshwater ray-finned fish in the family Cyprinidae, the carps and minnows. It occurs in Atlantic, Hudson Bay, Great Lakes, and Mississippi River basins in the northern United States and Canada. Its preferred habitat is cool, clear headwater streams, bog drainage streams, ponds and small lakes, and in stained, peaty waters of beaver ponds, usually over sand or gravel.


Osteobrama is a genus of cyprinid fish found in southern Asia consisting of eight species. The name is derived from the Greek word osteon, meaning "bone", and the Old French word breme, a type of freshwater fish.

Oxynoemacheilus chomanicus

Oxynoemacheilus chomanicus is a species of stone loach for the genus Oxynoemacheilus. It is found in Iranian Kurdistan.

Oxynoemacheilus lenkoranensis

Oxynoemacheilus lenkoranensis, the Lenkoran loach, is a species of stone loach from the Lenkoran river drainage in Azerbaijan.

Pachychilon macedonicum

Pachychilon macedonicum is a species of ray-finned fish in the Cyprinidae family.

It is found in Greece and the Republic of Macedonia.

Its natural habitats are rivers and freshwater lakes.

It is threatened by habitat loss.

Phoxinus strymonicus

Phoxinus strymonicus is a species of minnow that was described in 2007 from Greece and Bulgaria.


Qinghaichthys is a genus of stone loaches native to China. The genus is not recognised by Fishbase who place the species Kottelat included Qinghaichthys in Triplophysa.


Schizopyge is a genus of cyprinid fish found in southern Asia.


SeaLifeBase is a global online database of information about marine life. It aims to provide key information on the taxonomy, distribution and ecology of all marine species in the world apart from finfish. SeaLifeBase is in partnership with the WorldFish Center in Malaysia and the UBC Fisheries Centre at the University of British Columbia. Daniel Pauly is the principal investigator and it is coordinated by Maria Lourdes D. Palomares. As of October 2016, it included descriptions of 74,000 species, 47,700 common names, 12,400 pictures, and references to 31,700 works in the scientific literature. SeaLifeBase complements FishBase, which provides parallel information for finfish.


Xenocyprinae, is a contentious subfamily of the family Cyprinidae, the carp and minnow family, originally from eastern Asia.

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