Raigarh

Raigarh is a city and municipal corporation in the Raigarh district of the Indian state of Chhattisgarh. The administrative headquarters of Raigarh district, it is known for its coal reserves and power generation for the state as well as the country.It is also known as Sanskardhani i.e. Cultural capital of Chhattisgarh.

With a population of just about 364,000, it is a rapidly growing industrial city and home to the Mohan Jute Mill, one of the oldest jute mills in India and the only one in Madhya Pradesh prior to the splitting off of Chhattisgarh in 2000. Raigarh is also a major producer of steel and iron ore as well as the cultural and industrial capital of Chhattisgarh. Jindal Steel and Power Limited is a major steel plant based in Raigarh.Raigarh is a major rice producing district with a net production of 350,000 tonnes per annum. A major rice processing industry in the district is Raigarh Foods & Hotel Business Pvt Ltd. Raigarh consists of various shopping complexes, broad four-lane roads, 3 star hotels,malls and much more. Grand Mall,Ela Mall,galaxy mall, are some malls in raigarh.

Raigarh

रायगढ़

cultural capital of chhatishgarh
City
Raigarh is located in Chhattisgarh
Raigarh
Raigarh
Location in Chandigar, India
Raigarh is located in India
Raigarh
Raigarh
Raigarh (India)
Coordinates: 21°54′N 83°24′E / 21.9°N 83.4°ECoordinates: 21°54′N 83°24′E / 21.9°N 83.4°E
CountryIndia
StateChhattisgarh
DistrictRaigarh
Government
 • MayorMadhu Kinnar
Elevation
219 m (719 ft)
Population
(2018)
 • Total3,64,000
Languages
 • OfficialOdia, Chhattisgarhi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
496 001
Area code(s)7762
Vehicle registrationCG 13
Sex ratio1000/985 /
Websitewww.raigarh.gov.in

History

Prior to Indian Independence, Raigarh was capital of Princely State of Raigarh.[1] After the independence of the country, the princely state was the first ones to join the Union of India. The Royal family still resides here, but due to Privy Purse and internal conflicts, the royalty seems to have faded away. Moreover, the palace - Moti Mahal - is in very bad shape. It has recently been declared a heritage site by the state government.

Geography and climate

Raigarh is located at 21°54′N 83°24′E / 21.9°N 83.4°E.[2] It has an average elevation of 215 metres (705 feet). The Kelo river flows through the city, which is one of its main water sources.

The minimum - maximum temperature range is 29.5 - 49 °C in summer, and 8 - 25 °C in winter.

Language and demographics

Languages spoken are Chhattisgarhi Hindi, and Odia. The demographics of the city consist mainly of people from Chhattisgarh, Haryana, Orissa and Bihar. A sizeable community of Bengali, Telugu and Marathi speaking people also live here.

As of 2001 India census,[3] Raigarh district had a population of 12,69,925,[4] and the city of Raigarh a population of 364,287. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Raigarh has an average literacy rate of 71%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 79%, and female literacy is 62%. About 80% of the population are Hindus, 15% Christians and remaining 5% are other religions. In Raigarh, 13% of the population is under 6 years of age.

New Raigarh

'New Raigarh' (New Raigarh) involves the transformation of old Raigarh into a better planned and a laid out town. Located around National Highway 216, it lies 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) to the south-east of the old town of Raigarh and 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) from the proposed NTPC Lara-Pussore site. Kodatarai Airport (the future domestic airport of Chhattisgarh) separates the old Raigarh, new Raigarh and the NTPC site. Naya Raigarh will serve as the industrial capital of the state and also cater to the infrastructure needs of industry and trade in the region. Naya Raigarh is spread over an area of about 600 acres (240 ha) and includes a number of villages of which Kodatarai village forms the core of the Naya Raigarh. About half of the total acquired land is being used for afforestation, roads, parks, public conveniences, water facilities-canals, green belts etc. 23 percent of the land will be reserved for educational institutions, government offices and public auditoriums etc. 30 percent of the land will be designated for residential and economic use.

Culture

Raigarh is a cultural city known for its Kathak dance and classical music. Raja Chakradhar Singh of Raigarh made prominent contributions to the development of Kathak Dance. Every year on Ganesh Chaturthi a festival called 'Chakradhar Samaroh' is organized in which music and dance exponents from all over India visit and display their arts. This event is organized in memory of Raja Chakradhar Singh.

Economy

Kosa Silk Culture at Raigarh
Kosa Silk culture at Kosabadi

Raigarh is well known for its 'kosa' or tasar, a kind of fine silk created by the silk worm feeding on mulberry fruit.

Black dust pollution
Black Dust Pollution and its impact on Medicinal Flora in Raigarh

Most of the public buildings in Raigarh were built by Seth Kirodimal and afterwards made part of a charitable trust. These include the district government hospital, Mahatma Gandhi Eye Hospital, Kirodimal Polytechnic College, Kirodimal Degree College and many others. Raigarh is home to the world's second largest and India's largest sponge iron plants and 62 other industries. It has become a growing industrial hub for the steel market. Jindal Steel and Power Limited operate the world's largest sponge iron and steel plant 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) from Raigarh city while 20 kilometres (12 mi) from the city is Monnet Ispat & Energy Ltd. The director of the Jindal Group, Mr. Naveen Jindal provides cheap electricity to few industries at Punjipathra to encourage entrepreneurship.

Raigarh is an old city and the marketplace is congested with narrow and curving roads. More than 50 sponge iron plants have already been started in the vicinity of Raigarh. The new Raigarh consists of various shopping complexes, broad four-lane roads, 3 star hotels, upcoming malls (Ela Mall, Galaxy Mall and Grand Mall) and much more.

A rapid change in the demographics has resulted in a number of colonies and apartments. Green View located near Jindal Hospital is the largest and most luxurious apartment in the city.

Dhokra or bell metal casting is world acclaimed art form of Raigarh. Based in the village of Ektaal, the bell metal structures are noted for their aesthetic value.

Tendu patta[5] collection is one of major sources of income for villagers while Raigarh District is a major producer of rice.

Kelo-River
Kelo River Raigarh

Tourism

Raigarh is one of the favorite destinations in the state of Chhattisgarh which is known for Kosa silk, rice fields and indigenous tribes. Nearby place to visit in Raigarh are Pahad Mandir at Gajmar Pahadi, Ram Jharna in bhupdeopur, Teepa Khol, Maa Chandrasini Devi Temple and Banjari Mandir at chandarpur.

Pandit lochan prasad pandey samiti district Archeology measum Established in 1996 in Natwar High School near station chock Many things of ancient times

Famous Tourist Places near Raigarh Chhattisgarh also includes a small zoo called Indira Vihar, Gomarda Wildlife Sanctuary near Sarangarh, Shri Shyam Mandir Moti mahal - Raj mahal and Raigarh Fort and recently build Sai baba temple in urdana.

Transportation

Railways

Raigarh Railway Station

Raigarh is a station on the Tatanagar–Bilaspur section of Howrah-Nagpur-Mumbai line the broad gauge line. It comes under Bilaspur railway division. All express and some superfast trains stop here, while Gondwana express and Janshatabdi express originate at Raigarh. It is well connected with many major cities like New Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Kota, Patna, Ahmedabad, Jaipur, Bhubaneswar, Nagpur, Vishakhapatnam etc., while for other destinations it has to depend upon Bilaspur railway station, which is a regional rail hub connected to every part of country and 132  km from Raigarh district headquarter. The main railway station Raigarh is near the heart of the city. Kirodimal Nagar railway station is another suburb small station of Raigarh city. Raigarh railway station serving to the people of nearby area lie Ambikapur, Surguja, Dharamjaigarh, Lailunga, Sarangarh. The Raigarh railway station has good Vehicle parking facility even overnight parking can be done on need.

Airport

Raigarh Airport near Kondatarai is 9 kilometres (5.6 mi) from the city center. The State Government signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) with the Airports Authority of India (AAI) in July 2013 to develop Raigarh Airport as the state's second airport for domestic flights by 2017 May[6] A Four Lane road is proposed on NH 216 which will connect the airport to the city more efficiently. A private airport owned by the Jindal Steel and Power Limited is located 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) north-west of the city. The Chhattisgarh state government and the Airport Authority of India (AAI) may sign an agreement for setting up a full-fledged airport at Raigarh at a cost of Rs 280 crore. AAI is expected to develop the proposed airport in two phases, with Rs 158 crore being spent on the first phase. The authority expects to complete the project in three to four years. Once the airport becomes operational, flights of ATR-72 aircraft, which can seat 70 to 80 people, would be started initially. AAI would introduce flights of bigger aircraft, with seating capacity for 200 people as and when the traffic increases and the airport is fully operational. The state government may allocate 600 acre of land to the AAI for developing the airport. As of now, Raigarh has an air strip, which is primarily used for small aircraft and choppers but once the airport is developed, it would give a fillip to the industrial activity in and around the district. The airport would promote air connectivity and help in boosting the state's economy.

Media

News channels

TV-Tower
Rainbow Over TV Tower

Many local news channels are Broadcast from Raipur in Hindi :

News Channels Language
IBC24 MP Chhattisgarh Hindi
Zee 24 Chhattisgarh Hindi
ETV MP Chhattisgarh Hindi
Sadhna News Hindi
Sahara Samaye Hindi
CG 24 News (Cable Network) Hindi
Abhi Tak (Cable Network) Hindi
HARSH NEWS (Cable Network) Hindi

EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTE

In Raigarh an autonomous college GOVERNMENT KIRODIMAL ARTS AND SCIENCE COLLEGE.

DEPARTMENT OF BOTANY

DR.AK BHARTI SIRJI (HEAD OF DEPARTMENT BOTANY)

DR.SUSHMA PATEL MADAM JI ( IN AUGUST 2017 SHE APPOINTED AS ASSISTANT PROFESSOR BOTANY )

BOTANY DEPARTMENT IS ALWAYS DYNAMIC , INNOVATIVE, FULL OF NEW IDEAS

in the year of 2016 Mr.RUPENDRA KUMAR PATEL, Mr.YOGENDRA SAO , Miss MANISHA KUJUR completed his /her MASTER DEGREE IN BOTANY .

Mr Sao NET CSIR LIFE SCIENCES QUALIFIED

and Miss KUJUR QUALIFIED CG SET LIFE SCIENCES IN 2018

presently they are trying for the post of ASSISTANT PROFESSOR BOTANY.

External links

References

  • Dr.Sanjay Alung-Chhattisgarh ki Riyaste/Princely states aur Jamindariyaa (Vaibhav Prakashan, Raipur1, ISBN 81-89244-96-5)
  • Dr.Sanjay Alung-Chhattisgarh ki Janjaatiyaa/Tribes aur Jatiyaa/Castes (Mansi publication, Delhi6, ISBN 978-81-89559-32-8)
  1. ^ "Raigarh State". Imperial Gazetteer of India, Volume 21. 1909. pp. 45–47. Retrieved 2014-02-19.
  2. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Raigarh
  3. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
  4. ^ Raigarh District Official Website
  5. ^ "What is Tendu Patta and why is collecting it a big business in Chhattisgarh". 11 Nov 2016.
  6. ^ "Chhattisgarh's second airport worth Rs 280 crore in Raigarh soon". The Times of India. 24 July 2013. Retrieved 27 July 2013.
Battle of Raigarh (1689)

The Battle of Raigarh occurred between the Mughal Empire and Maratha Empire in 1689. Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb ordered his General Zulfiqar Khan to capture the Maratha king, Rajaram. Mughal forces attacked Raigarh and the fortress fell, however Rajaram escaped before that happened.

Battle of Raigarh (1703-1704)

The Battle of Rajgad (1703-1704) was fought on between the Mughal Empire and the Maratha Empire. Mughal Emperor, Aurangzeb, ordered for Hamiduddin Khan and Tarbiyat Khan to attack the Rajgad fortress once again, which was being held by Santaji Silimkar. The Mughals devastated the fortress and inflicted massive damage on the Maratha position. Eventually the majority of the fort was captured, but the Marathas surrendered shortly after.

Ib River

Ib River is a tributary of Mahanadi river in North-Eastern Central India. It joins Mahanadi river flowing directly into the Hirakud Reservoir. The river originates in hills near Pandrapet at an elevation of 762 metres (2,500 ft). It passes through Raigarh district and Jashpur district of Chhattisgarh and Jharsuguda and Sundargarh District of Odisha and finally meets Mahanadi at Hirakud Dam in the state .

Ib river valley is famous for its rich coal belt, Ib Valley Coalfield. Major portions of Mahanadi Coalfields are situated on the banks of Ib. Many industries have flourished on the banks of the river Ib. The Ib valley areas are counted as one of the most important industrial zones of Eastern India. The river runs for a distance of about 252 kilometres (157 mi) and drains an area of 12,447 square kilometres (4,806 sq mi).There are enough sightseeing opportunities in the adjoining areas of River Ib. it is believed that the perennial river inspired several tribal groups of Chhattisgarh and Odisha to make a permanent habitat on its bank in the past ages. Also, there are ample folklores regarding the mythological significance of the Ib river.

Indian People's Theatre Association

Indian People’s Theatre Association (IPTA) is the oldest association of theatre-artists in India. IPTA was formed in 1943 pre independence India, during which it promoted themes related to the Indian freedom struggle. Its goal was to bring cultural awakening among the people of India. It is the cultural wing of the Communist Party of India.

Jashpur State

Jashpur State, was one of the princely states of India during the period of the British Raj. The town of Jashpur was the former state's capital. The rulers were Rajputs of the Chauhan dynasty.

After the Independence of India Jashpur State was merged with the princely states of Raigarh, Sakti, Sarangarh and Udaipur to form the Raigarh district of Madhya Pradesh. Now the district of Raigarh is part of Chhattisgarh state.

Kirodimal Institute of Technology, Raigarh

Kirodimal Institute of Technology, Raigarh (KIT Raigarh) is a public engineering institute in Raigarh, Chhattisgarh, India. Established in 2000, it is one of the oldest engineering institute in Chhattisgarh and first Engineering college of Raigarh. It is governed under the Kirodimal Polytechnic Society and affiliated to Chhattisgarh Swami Vivekanand Technical University. The institute is located in the Odisha road of city at Garhumaria, Raigarh. It is well connected by National highway, South Eastern Railway.

Korwa language

Korwa, or Kodaku/Koraku (Korku), is a Munda language of India.

Existing Korwa linguistic documentation includes Bahl (1962), which is based on the Korwa dialect of Dumertoli village, Bagicha Block, Tehsil Jashpurnagar, Raigarh District, Chhattisgarh (then administered as part of Madhya Pradesh).

List of districts of Chhattisgarh

Chhattisgarh, a state of India, has 27 administrative districts.

At the time of separation from Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh originally had 16 districts. Two new districts: Bijapur and Narayanpur were carved out on May 11, 2007 and nine new districts on Jan 1, 2012. The new districts have been created by carving out the existing districts to facilitate more targeted, focused and closer administration. These districts have been named Sukma, Kondagaon, Balod, Bemetara, Baloda Bazar, Gariaband, Mungeli, Surajpur and Balrampur

Mand Raigarh Coalfield

Mand Raigarh Coalfield is located in Raigarh district in the Indian state of Chhattisgarh. It lies in the valley of the Mand River, a tributary of the Mahanadi.

O.P. Jindal University

O.P. Jindal University (OPJU) is a private university located in Raigarh, Chhattisgarh, India. It was established by an Act of Legislature in the state assembly of Chhattisgarh in 2014

. Founded by the Jindal Education and Welfare Society, OP Jindal University (OPJU) was set up to bring high quality education to its students based on a world class curriculum, the latest teaching methodology and committed faculty members. The multidisciplinary university aims to develop young professionals and future leaders who will not only power growth and development in the state, but also make a mark globally.

Raigad Fort

Raigad is a hill fort situated in the Mahad, Raigad district of Maharashtra, India. The Raigad Fort was seized by Chatrapati Shivaji Maharaj and made it his capital in 1674 when he was crowned as the King of a Maratha Kingdom which later developed into the Maratha Empire, eventually covering much of western and central India.The fort rises 820 metres (2,700 ft) above the sea level and is located in the Sahyadri mountain range. There are approximately 1737 steps leading to the fort. The Raigad Ropeway, an aerial tramway exists to reach the top of the fort in 10 minutes. The fort was looted and destroyed by the British after it was captured in 1818.

Raigarh (Lok Sabha constituency)

Raigarh Lok Sabha constituency is one of the eleven Lok Sabha (parliamentary) constituencies in Chhattisgarh state in central India.

Raigarh Airport

Raigarh Airport is located near Kondatarai, 9 km (5.6 mi) south of Raigarh, in Chhattisgarh, India. The air strip is used mainly for small aircraft and choppers.

Raigarh Gondia Jan Shatabdi Express

The 12069 / 70 Raigarh Gondia Jan Shatabdi Express is a Superfast express train belonging to Indian Railways - South East Central Railway zone that runs between Raigarh and Gondia Junction in India.

It operates as train number 12069 from Raigarh to Gondia Junction and as train number 12170 in the reverse direction serving the states of Maharashtra & Chhattisgarh.

Raigarh State

Not to be confused with Rajgarh State

Raigarh was a princely state in India at the time of the British Raj. The state was ruled by a Gond dynasty of Gond clan.

Raigarh district

Raigarh district is a district of the state of Chhattisgarh, in India. Raigarh is the district headquarters.The languages spoken in the district are Chhattisgarhi, Odia and Hindi. Due to Railway and industrial development a fair representation from all over India we can see here. A large population of Schedule Tribe, Marwari, Bengali, Telugu, Marathi, Christian, Muslim, Gujrati, Punjabi, Bihari and many other community are living here. The city has cosmopolitan nature.

The district was formed by merging the [Princely state]s of

[Raigarh State|Raigarh], [Sakti State|Sakti],

[Sarangarh State|Sarangarh],

[Udaipur, Dharamjaigarh|Udaipur]

and [Jashpur State|Jashpur]. Jashpur is now a separate district. Sakti is now not a part of Raigarh district.

It is rapidly growing as an industrial district of Chhattisgarh.One of the oldest Jute Mill of India is situated here, Mohan jute Mill; it was the only Jute Mill of the state CG and undivided MP.

Raigarh is one of the major producers of STEEL & POWER in the country.Here are situated many steel and power plants such as JSPL, MSP, Monnet steel, and many other small and medium producers. The volume can be judged by the statement that Raigarh itself is consuming about 20,000 tons of coal per day.

Sulakshana Pandit

Sulakshana Pratap Narain Pandit is an Indian playback singer. Her brothers are the composing duo Jatin–Lalit and her younger sister is Vijayta Pandit who achieved fame with her debut movie Love Story and her other sister Sandhya was brutally murdered. Her uncle is the accomplished classical vocalist Pandit Jasraj. She won a Filmfare Best Female Playback Award in 1975 for her song "Tu Hi Sagar Hai, Tu Hi Kinara".

Udaipur State, Chhattisgarh

Udaipur State, was one of the princely states of India during the period of the British Raj. The town of Dharamjaigarh was the former state's capital.

After the Independence of India Udaipur State was merged with the princely states of Raigarh, Sakti, Sarangarh and Jashpur to form the Raigarh district of Madhya Pradesh. Now the district of Raigarh is part of Chhattisgarh state.

Vishnudeo Sai

Vishnu Deo Sai (born 21 February 1964) is an Indian politician and the Honourable Minister of State for Steel, Government of India. He is a member of the 16th Lok Sabha representing the Raigarh constituency of Chhattisgarh and is a member of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP).

Cities and towns in Raigarh district
Raigarh
Cities and towns
in other districts

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