R.R. Bowker

R.R. Bowker LLC ("Bowker") is an American limited liability company based in New Providence, New Jersey, and incorporated in Delaware.[2] Among other things, Bowker provides bibliographic information on published works to the book trade, including publishers, booksellers, libraries, and individuals; its roots in the industry trace back to 1868. Bowker is the exclusive U.S. agent for issuing International Standard Book Numbers (ISBNs), a universal method of identifying books in print. Bowker is the publisher of Books in Print and other compilations of information about books and periodical titles. It provides supply chain services and analytical tools to the book publishing industry.[3] Bowker is headquartered in New Providence, New Jersey, with additional operational offices in England and Australia. It is now owned by Cambridge Information Group.

R.R. Bowker
Bowker logo
Parent companyCambridge Information Group
FounderFrederick Leypoldt
Headquarters locationNew Providence, New Jersey
Key peopleAnnie Callanan, CEO & President[1]
Publication typesBooks
Official websitewww.bowker.com


The company was founded in New York City by Frederick Leypoldt, a German immigrant who worked as a bookseller and recognized the need for good bibliographic information to make the book business more efficient. He established the monthly Literary Bulletin, his first periodical, in 1868. In 1870 Leypoldt issued the first edition of his Annual American Catalogue, the forerunner for Books In Print. In 1872 he published the first issue of Publishers Weekly, in 1873 the first Publishers' Uniform Trade-List Annual (later the Publishers Trade List Annual), and in 1876 the first issue of Library Journal. In 1878 Leypoldt's company was acquired by Richard Rogers Bowker. Leypoldt and Bowker also founded two influential standard book-industry references: Literary Marketplace and Ulrich's Periodicals Directory.[4]

In 1967, the Xerox Corporation acquired the R. R. Bowker company, and then, in 1985, sold it to Reed International (now RELX Group). That same year, in 1985, Publishers Weekly—after 113 years as a part of R.R. Bowker—was transferred to the Cahners Publishing Company. In 1991, Reed's reference division moved to New Providence, New Jersey.[5] In 2001, Cambridge Information Group acquired Bowker.[6] After the sale, In 2007, Cambridge Information Group sold Literary Marketplace and other directories to Information Today Inc.[7] Cambridge Information Group merged Cambridge Scientific Abstracts with ProQuest Information and Learning to form ProQuest LLC, a privately held limited liability company based in Ann Arbor, Michigan, and incorporated in Delaware. R. R. Bowker LLC was repositioned as an affiliate of ProQuest.[8]

Selected publications

  • Books in Print lists nearly all books that are currently available in English and in the United States from major publishers. A resource for bookstores, libraries, and publishers, it is available in a print version, but is most often accessed electronically. Books in Print listings are several million, a number that is only exceeded by Amazon.
  • The Library and Book Trade Almanac (formerly The Bowker Annual) is a resource for librarians, publishers, and booksellers which provides reviews of "key trends, events, and developments" in the industry; statistics on book prices, numbers of books published, library expenditures, and average salaries; explanations of new legislation and changes in funding programs; and other information.[9]


Bowker is the United States provider of International Standard Book Numbers (ISBNs), a code for identifying commercial books devised by Gordon Foster in 1967. An ISBN is currently placed on a book to uniquely identify it. ISBNs are available one at a time and in blocks up to 100,000 for a set fee.[10] ISBNs may be purchased and maintained at Bowker's My Identifiers website. Many countries, including the UK, Italy, Germany, Spain, to name a few, charge for ISBNs. Canada and Mexico provide ISBNs free of charge as their ISBN agencies are government funded.[11][12] Bowker USA charges $125 for one ISBN[13] and offers substantial discounts on volume purchases.

See also


  1. ^ "Company Overview of R.R. Bowker LLC" Bloomberg Businessweek (accessed April 17, 2014)
  2. ^ "Bowker Investigating Breach of ISBN Site". PublishersWeekly.com. Retrieved 2018-11-06.
  3. ^ "Bowker Moves Forward Under New Ownership", by Jim Milliot, Publishers Weekly, Vol. 249, No. 2, January 14, 2002, p. 11; ISSN 0000-0019
  4. ^ Encyclopedia of Library and Information Science, Allen Kent (ed.), New York: Marcel Dekker (1970), pp. 133–148; OCLC 58646542
  5. ^ Horner, Shirley (1994-02-06). "About Books". New York Times, Late Edition (East Coast); New York, N.Y. New York, N.Y., United States, New York, N.Y. pp. –4. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2019-01-19 – via ProQuest. (Subscription required (help)).
  6. ^ Mary H. Munroe (2004). "Cambridge Information Group Timeline". The Academic Publishing Industry: A Story of Merger and Acquisition. Archived from the original on October 2014 – via Northern Illinois University.
  7. ^ Hane, Paula J. (October 2001). "Reed Elsevier Sells Bowker to CSA, ITI". Information Today; Medford. 18 (9). pp. 1–70. ISSN 8755-6286. Retrieved 2019-01-19.
  8. ^ ProQuest website — "Company history"
  9. ^ The Library and Book Trade Almanac 2009 54th ed., Medford, New Jersey: Information Today, Inc.; ISSN 2150-5446
  10. ^ "Bowker’s Andy Weissberg on ISBNs and the Future", by Joel Friedlander, The Book Designer, May 19, 2010, (accessed February 12, 2011)
  11. ^ Government of Canada. "ISBN Canada". Library and Archives Canada. Retrieved 10 April 2016.
  12. ^ Government of Mexico. "Agencia Nacional ISBN México". Secretaria de Cultura. Retrieved 10 April 2016.
  13. ^ "Purchase ISBNs". Bowker. Retrieved 10 April 2016.

External links

HACKED R.R. Bowker said it has learned that unauthorized charges were occurring on cards after they were legitimately used on its www[.]myidentifiers[.]com website, which is responsible for issuing ISBNs. The company said its preliminary investigation has found unauthorized code that was added to the checkout page on the MyIdentifiers site. The investigation is looking to confirm that the breach took place from 01 MAY 2018 through 23 OCT 2018.[1][1]

  1. ^ myid50_super_admin (2018-11-04). "A Message to MyIdentifiers Customers". www.myidentifiers.com. Retrieved 2018-11-06.
American Architects Directory

The American Architects Directory is a directory of American architects registered with the American Institute of Architects. It was published by R.R. Bowker LLC. The first edition was published in 1956, second edition in 1962, and third edition in 1970.

C. Wellington Walker

C. Wellington Walker (1889–1967) was an American architect practicing in Bridgeport, Connecticut.

Walker was born in the small city of Strang, Nebraska in 1889. In 1894 his father, Charles W. Walker (a typewriter designer), moved the family to Bridgeport. Walker's architectural training began in 1908, when he worked for Bridgeport architect Ernest G. Southey. That same year he began studying at the University of Pennsylvania, graduating in 1910. He then worked for Leoni W. Robinson in New Haven.Later in 1910, Walker and Walter J. Skinner formed the firm of Skinner & Walker in Bridgeport. It lasted until 1919, when both then established independent offices. Walker remained in private practice until his death in 1967. His firm lasted for a few more years as C. Wellington Walker Associates, led by Flavian F. Arsenault.After 1950, the bulk of Walker's known commissions were for buildings at the University of Bridgeport.

Cambridge Information Group

Cambridge Information Group (CIG) is a privately-held global investment firm focusing on information services, education and technology. It began as a firm providing services to academic publishers. It is headquartered in Bethesda, Maryland.

As of 2007, CIG’s operating companies are ProQuest, R.R. Bowker, and CIG Education Group. CIG Education Group is the owner of the Sotheby's Institute of Art, and Bach to Rock music school (B2R). In 2016 CIG sold investments in Navtech and MetaMetrics. Robert Snyder's son Andrew is chief executive officer and his daughter Jill is director of communications.

Jacques Cattell

Jacques (Jack) Cattell (2 June 1904 in Garrison, New York – 19 December 1961 in Scottsdale, Arizona) was an American publisher and founder of a company bearing his name, "Jacques Cattell Press, Inc.," based in Lancaster, Pennsylvania.

Jerry Herst

Jerome Philip Herst (May 28, 1909 in

Chicago, Cook County, Illinois – November 27, 1990 in Alameda, California), known as Jerry Herst, was a lawyer and a songwriter best known for his collaborations with Jack Sharpe on a number of compositions, notably "So Rare", a much-recorded song that was published in 1937.


KESC (99.7 FM) is a non-commercial radio station that is licensed to Morro Bay, California and broadcasts to the San Luis Obispo, California area. The station is owned by the University of Southern California (USC) and rebroadcasts the classical music format of KUSC in Los Angeles.


KKLA-FM (99.5 FM, "99.5 KKLA") is a commercial radio station licensed to Los Angeles, California and serving the Greater Los Angeles area. The station is owned by the Salem Media Group and broadcasts a Christian talk and teaching format. The KKLA-FM studios are located in Glendale and the transmitter is located atop Mount Wilson.


KKLJ (100.1 FM, "Radio Nueva Vida") is a non-commercial educational radio station that is licensed to Julian, California and broadcasts to the San Diego, California area. The station is owned by Educational Media Foundation and airs the Spanish Christian teaching and music format, Radio Nueva Vida.


KLMM (94.1 FM) is a commercial radio station that is licensed to Oceano, California, United States and serves the San Luis Obispo area. The station is owned by Lazer Licenses, LLC and broadcasts a regional Mexican music format.


KLUN (103.1 FM) is a commercial radio station that is licensed to Paso Robles, California, United States and serves the San Luis Obispo, California area. The station is owned by Radio Lazer and airs a regional Mexican music format.


KSMY (106.7 MHz, "La Mejor 106.7") is a commercial FM radio station that is licensed to Lompoc, California, United States, and serves the Santa Maria-Lompoc area. The station is owned by Alfredo Plascencia's Lazer Broadcasting, through licensee Lazer Licenses, LLC, and broadcasts a Spanish oldies format.


KSNI-FM (102.5 MHz, "Sunny Country") is a commercial radio station that is licensed to Santa Maria, California, United States and serves the Santa Maria-Lompoc, California area. The station is owned by American General Media and broadcasts a country music format.


KSPE (94.5 FM, "La Musical 94.5 FM") is a commercial radio station that is licensed to Ellwood, California, a district of Goleta in Santa Barbara County. It is owned by Rincon Broadcasting and broadcasts a classic regional Mexican music format. The KSPE studios and offices are on East Cota Street in Santa Barbara and the transmitter is located on West Camino Cielo in the Los Padres National Forest. While the station's effective radiated power is only 810 watts, the tower is 2,949 feet (899 m) in height above average terrain, making KSPE a Class B FM station covering the Santa Barbara radio market and parts of Ventura-Oxnard.


KVTR (1590 AM, "Qué Buena 106.1 FM") is a commercial radio station that is licensed to Victorville, California and serves the Victor Valley area. The station is owned by RuDex Broadcasting and broadcasts a regional Mexican music format branded as "Qué Buena 106.1 FM", referring to its three-watt FM translator K291CM on 106.1 MHz in Victorville.

Library Journal

Library Journal is an American trade publication for librarians. It was founded in 1876 by Melvil Dewey (familiar as the inventor of the Dewey decimal system). It reports news about the library world, emphasizing public libraries, and offers feature articles about aspects of professional practice. It also reviews library-related materials and equipment.

Its "Library Journal Book Review" does pre-publication reviews of several hundred popular and academic books each month.

Library Journal has the highest circulation of any librarianship journal, according to Ulrich's — approximately 100,000.Library Journal's original publisher was Frederick Leypoldt, whose company became R. R. Bowker. Reed International (later merged into Reed Elsevier) purchased Bowker in 1985; they published Library Journal until 2010, when it was sold to Media Source Inc., owner of the Junior Library Guild and The Horn Book Magazine.

Publishers Weekly

Publishers Weekly (PW) is an American weekly trade news magazine targeted at publishers, librarians, booksellers and literary agents. Published continuously since 1872, it has carried the tagline, "The International News Magazine of Book Publishing and Bookselling". With 51 issues a year, the emphasis today is on book reviews.The magazine was founded by bibliographer Frederick Leypoldt in the late 1860s, and had various titles until Leypoldt settled on the name The Publishers' Weekly (with an apostrophe) in 1872. The publication was a compilation of information about newly published books, collected from publishers and from other sources by Leypoldt, for an audience of booksellers. By 1876, Publishers Weekly was being read by nine tenths of the booksellers in the country. In 1878, Leypoldt sold The Publishers' Weekly to his friend Richard Rogers Bowker, in order to free up time for his other bibliographic endeavors. Eventually the publication expanded to include features and articles.Harry Thurston Peck was the first editor-in-chief of The Bookman, which began in 1895. Peck worked on its staff from 1895 to 1906, and in 1895, he created the world's first bestseller list for its pages. In 1912, Publishers Weekly began to publish its own bestseller lists, patterned after the lists in The Bookman. These were not separated into fiction and non-fiction until 1917, when World War I brought an increased interest in non-fiction by the reading public.Through much of the 20th century, Publishers Weekly was guided and developed by Frederic Gershom Melcher (1879–1963), who was editor and co-editor of Publishers' Weekly and chairman of the magazine's publisher, R.R. Bowker, over four decades. Born April 12, 1879, in Malden, Massachusetts, Melcher began at age 16 in Boston's Estes & Lauriat Bookstore, where he developed an interest in children's books. He moved to Indianapolis in 1913 for another bookstore job. In 1918, he read in Publishers' Weekly that the magazine's editorship was vacant. He applied to Richard Rogers Bowker for the job, was hired, and moved with his family to Montclair, New Jersey. He remained with R.R. Bowker for 45 years. While at Publishers Weekly, Melcher began creating space in the publication and a number of issues dedicated solely to books for children. In 1919, he teamed with Franklin K. Mathiews, librarian for the Boy Scouts of America, and Anne Carroll Moore, a librarian at the New York Public Library, to create Children’s Book Week. When Bowker died in 1933, Melcher succeeded him as president of the company; he resigned in 1959 to become chairman of the board of directors.In 1943, Publishers Weekly created the Carey–Thomas Award for creative publishing, naming it in honor of Mathew Carey and Isaiah Thomas.

The Mailbox (film)

The Mailbox is a 1977 American 24-minute short film produced by BYU Motion Picture Studios. The film is available through the Brigham Young University Office of Creative Works on a compilation DVD with other LDS films.

Ulrich's Periodicals Directory

Ulrich's Periodicals Directory (ISSN 0000-0175, and ISSN 0000-2100) is the standard library directory and database providing information about popular and academic magazines, scientific journals, newspapers and other serial publications.The print version has been published since 1932, and was founded by Carolyn Ulrich, chief of the periodicals division of the New York Public Library as Periodicals Directory: A Classified Guide to a Selected List of Current Periodicals Foreign and Domestic.It is now also supplied on-line as Ulrichsweb, which provides web-based and Z39.50 linking to library catalogs. The online version includes over 300,000 active and current periodicals.Coverage is international, with some emphasis on English-language publications. The information is derived from the publishers and verified by the journal. It includes


Title and previous titles

Starting date, place of publication, and publisher

Cost, availability of electronic versions, subscription terms, and approximate circulation as estimated by the publisher

Subject information, searchable as subject terms or approximate Dewey Classification, special features, and indexing information

Indications of whether the publication is available on open access

Indication of whether the publication is peer-reviewed, which is taken to include professional magazines with equivalent editorial control of quality.Earlier published by R.R. Bowker, it moved to CSA, a fellow subsidiary of Cambridge Information Group, in 2006. Following the merger of CSA and ProQuest, Ulrich's moved to ProQuest subsidiary Serials Solutions. The "Serials Solutions" name was retired in 2014

Who's Who in American Art

Who's Who in American Art is a biographical hardcover directory of noteworthy individuals in the visual arts community in the United States, published by Marquis Who's Who, formerly by R.R. Bowker Publishing. The directory has also listed some individuals from Canada and Mexico, plus some American artists and arts professionals currently residing in other countries. The latest edition includes 11,000 biographies of artists, critics, curators, administrators, librarians, historians, collectors, educators, dealers, and conservators, of whom 9,000 are artists. The individuals featured in new 36th edition were obtained from nominations provided by current entrants, art associations, galleries and museums or from citations in professional publications. In many cases, though, the names are collected independently by Marquis research and editorial staffs, which use a wide assortment of tools to gather the most complete, accurate, and up-to-date information available.

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