Rádio e Televisão de Portugal (Radio and Television of Portugal) is the public service broadcasting organisation of Portugal. It operates four national television channels and three national radio channels, as well as several satellite and cable offerings.
The current company dates from 2007, with the merger of two previously separate companies Radiodifusão Portuguesa (RDP; the radio broadcaster) and Radiotelevisão Portuguesa (television broadcaster), although they had been grouped under a single holding company and common branding since 2004.
RTP is a state-owned corporation funded by television advertising revenues, government grants, and the taxa de contribuição audiovisual (broadcasting contribution tax), which is incorporated in electricity bills.
|Rádio e Televisão de Portugal|
|Sociedade Anónima,State-owned corporation|
|Genre||Public broadcasting service|
|Founded||1935 as Emissora Nacional|
1955 as Radiotelevisão Portuguesa
2004 as Rádio e Televisão de Portugal
Cabo Ruivo, Lisbon,
|Gonçalo Reis, Chairman of the Board|
|Services||Television, radio, online|
|Revenue||€213.5 million (2014)|
|Owner||Government of Portugal|
Number of employees
The Emissora Nacional de Radiodifusão (ENR) was established on 4 August 1935 as the public national radio broadcaster, inheriting the previous broadcasting operations of the national postal service, Correios, Telégrafos e Telefones (CTT). Five years later, ENR became independent of the CTT.
ENR was one of the 23 founding broadcasting organisations of the European Broadcasting Union in 1950. Following the Carnation Revolution, ENR was reorganised and in 1976 changed its name to Radiodifusão Portuguesa (RDP). During this process, several previously private radio stations – such as Rádio Clube Português (RCP) – were nationalised and integrated into RDP.
In 1979, the RCP network was rebranded as Rádio Comercial, and was later privatised in 1993. At the same time, RDP launched the youth-oriented radio station Antena 3 and abolished advertising from all of its stations, so that the aforementioned broadcasting contribution tax became its sole source of funding.
Radiotelevisão Portuguesa's television service was established on 15 December 1955. Experimental broadcasts began in September 1956 from the Feira Popular (an entertainment park) studios in Lisbon. Twenty monitors were installed in the park, but crowds gathered in shops around the city. The broadcast was received within a range of about 20 km. Around 1,000 TV sets are sold within a month.
Regular broadcasting, however, did not start until 7 March 1957, by which time coverage had reached approximately 65% of the Portuguese population. By the end of 1958 the total number of sets in Portugal was around 32,000. RTP was accepted as a full active member of the EBU in 1959. By the mid-1960s, RTP had become available throughout the country. Robert Farnon's "Derby Day" was extensively used as RTP's fanfare to open the programming since the very first day, and over the decades it has become RTP's official anthem.
25 December 1968 saw the opening of a second television channel, RTP2. Two new regional channels were created in 1972 and 1975, for the Portuguese archipelagos of Madeira (opening on 6 August 1972) and the Azores (10 August 1975).
Before the Carnation Revolution, RTP was essentially a mouthpiece of the regime, and famously opened the newscast of 20 July 1969 – the day of the first moon landing – with a segment showing president Américo Thomaz opening a concrete factory. However, like many other broadcasters, it did broadcast live the landing of the man on the moon during the night.
The first colour broadcast was made in 1975, with the live coverage of the first parliamentary elections after the carnation revolution. But, due to the political turmoil and the economic situation of the country, the colour regular broadcast was delayed several times for nearly 5 years. During that time RTP started to purchase some colour equipment and make the occasional colour recording. But the pressure kept going as the black and white equipment was getting old and very hard to repair, so in 1978 and 1979 a massive investment supported by a foreign loan, gave RTP the opportunity to replace all the B/W to increase the current amount of equipment and to be updated with the most advanced broadcast technologies available at the time. Despite this, only in February 1980, the government finally authorised the regular colour broadcast and two weeks after, on the 7th of March RTP started the regular colour broadcast, with more than 70% of the programmes being already in colour. Also, RTP moved its headquarters to a brand new building. The building was originally built to be converted to a hotel, but the owner decided to leave it untouched and reached an agreement with RTP for the purchase and converted the interior for office use. RTP moved to more adequate headquarters and sold the building in 2003 and the new owner converted into what is today the VIP Grand Lisboa.
Until 1991, RTP owned its transmitter network, which was transferred to a state-owned enterprise which, through a series of mergers, became part of Portugal Telecom. RTP held the television monopoly until 1992, the year when the private SIC started broadcasting. Over the years, RTP's audience share has constantly reduced in favour of the private channels. 2007 was an exception to this tendency, and RTP1 became the second channel most watched in Portugal, only behind TVI, a rarity which occurred again in 2009 and 2010.
In 2004, RTP and RDP were organized under a new company and became part of a larger state-owned holding, named Rádio e Televisão de Portugal, SGPS, and inaugurated the new headquarters near Parque das Nações, in Lisbon. In the same year, the second channel was rebranded as '2:', promoting itself as the civil society service. Later in March 2007, 2: became 'RTP2' again. In February 2007 Radiotelevisão Portuguesa SA (the former RTP) and Radiodifusão Portuguesa SA (RDP) were merged into the new Radio e Televisão de Portugal SA , ceasing to be independent entities. Due to the financial crisis Portugal faced, RTP was to be heavily restructured as part of the (2011-2015) Portuguese government's austerity plan and would have included the sale of one of the free to air channel licenses. Pressure from the public and other organisations stopped the planned channel privatization, although some restructuring took place, namedly the phasing out of the international shortwave radio channels.
The use of original full names of radio and television departments (Radiodifusão Portuguesa and Radiotelevisão Portuguesa, respectively) was phased out, but the abbreviation RDP is still used by international services RDP Internacional and RDP África, as well as radio services in the Autonomous Regions of Azores and Madeira, while another abbreviation RTP now represents the merged company.
|RTP1||The oldest of RTP's channels and also the flagship of RTP. It features general programming, such as news, talk shows, current affairs, drama, national and international movies and TV series.a, b;||Continua||16:9 SDTV/HDTV||7 March 1957||Yes|
|RTP2||The main channel for cultural and factual programming, as well as children's programming. It was the first free-to-air TV channel in Portugal to broadcast in 16:9 format.a, b;||Culta e adulta||16:9 SDTV||25 December 1968|
|RTP3||24-hour news channel a, b, c;||Informação, informação, informação||15 October 2001|
|RTP Memória||Broadcasts classic RTP and International shows a, b;||Traz pr'á frente||4 October 2004|
|RTP Madeira||Regional opt-out channel broadcast in the Madeira Islands;||Liga a Madeira||6 August 1972|
|RTP Açores||Regional opt-out channel broadcast in the Azores Islands;||Unimos as ilhas||10 August 1975|
|RTP África||International television service directed towards the African communities. In Angola, Mozambique, Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau and São Tomé e Príncipe it is retransmitted locally, together with local programming b d;||vários mundos, uma só língua||7 January 1998|
|RTP Internacional||Also known as RTPi, it is the international television service. In Macau, East Timor and Goa, Daman and Diu it is retransmitted locally, together with local programming c;||Sente Portugal (Portuguese)
Feel Portugal (English)
|10 June 1992|
a Terrestrial channel available nationwide.
b Available on the Portuguese cable, satellite and IPTV platforms.
c Available worldwide on satellite and cable platforms.
d Available in several African countries on satellite and cable platforms as well as traditional terrestrial television.
a Available nationwide on FM and online.
b Also available on AM.
c Available on satellite all over the world.
d Available only on the internet.
e Also available throughout Portugal via cable and satellite.
The following stations are Antena 1 regional stations:
Most RTP1 news programmes are simulcasted with RTP Internacional, RTP África, and, sometimes, RTP 3 television channel. These news programs include:
RTP2’s only news service is Jornal 2 (‘Journal 2’ or ‘News 2’ in English) (9 pm), a shorter and a more objective newscast than the RTP1 ones.
RTP3 features hourly news updates and headlines.
Antena 1 is one of the three national radio channels produced by the Portuguese public broadcasting entity Rádio e Televisão de Portugal, the others being Antena 2 and Antena 3.
Antena 1 has a generalist programming policy focusing mainly on news, current affairs and sport, as well as the discussion of contemporary social issues. Musically, Antena 1 is a
Hot AC station with a strong emphasis on Portuguese popular music.
The Macanese radio and television company Teledifusão de Macau relays Antena 1's programmes overnight between 20.00 and 7.00 (8.00 on Saturdays and Sundays) Beijing Time (UTC+8).Antena 2 (Portugal)
Antena 2 is one of the three national radio channels produced by the Portuguese public broadcasting entity Rádio e Televisão de Portugal, the others being Antena 1 and Antena 3.
The channel specializes in the broadcasting of classical and world music as well as other programmes of a cultural nature.Antena 3 (Portugal)
Antena 3 is one of the three national radio channels produced by the Portuguese public broadcasting entity Rádio e Televisão de Portugal, the others being Antena 1 and Antena 2.
The channel specializes in contemporary and alternative music, featuring live concerts, news and chart countdown programmes.Aqui há talento
Aqui há talento was the older Portuguese version of the Got Talent series. It launched on RTP1 on February 1, 2007. Singers, dancers, comedians, variety acts, and other performers competed against each other for a €10,000 money prize. It was hosted by Sílvia Alberto. The judges were Joaquim Monchique, Sílvia Rizzo and Paulo Dias.Festival da Canção
Festival da Canção or Festival RTP da Canção is the name given to the national festival, produced and broadcast by Rádio e Televisão de Portugal (RTP) to choose the Portuguese entry for the Eurovision Song Contest. It was first held in 1964.Got Talent Portugal
Got Talent Portugal is a talent show adapted for Portugal from the original British show Britain's Got Talent.
The show travels the country in search of people with new and diverse talents: magicians, ventriloquists, singers, orators, dancers, street artists, acrobats, comedians, jugglers, among many others. Without an age limit, it is a unique format in searching for true talent, whether it be an individual or in a group, and gives anonymous people the opportunity to show their artistic gifts in more diverse areas.RDP Internacional
RDP Internacional - Rádio Portugal (abbreviated as RDPi), is an international radio broadcasting station of Rádio e Televisão de Portugal. It aims at overseas Portuguese communities in Europe, Africa, South America, North America, India/Middle East as well as East Timor.RDP África
RDP África is a terrestrial radio station owned by Rádio e Televisão de Portugal broadcasting to Lusophone African countries with programming such as Lusophone African music, as well as Portuguese music and Brazilian music, with update reports from the Lusophone African recording world.
The station broadcasts on FM in Portugal (Lisboa 101.5 MHz, Coimbra 103.4 MHz and Faro 99.1 MHz), but also on most African Portuguese-speaking countries: Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau, Mozambique, and São Tomé and Príncipe.
RDP África was introduced to Lusophone Africa when RDP Internacional stopped its broadcast on 6 January 1998 and launched RDP África the next day. The radio station also serves the Portuguese populations of Lusophone Africa and African populations of both black, white, and mulatto blood of Portugal.RTP1 HD
RTP1 HD was RTP's HDTV channel. In 2008 it broadcast the 2008 Summer Olympics in HD on ZON's cable and satellite platforms. It is also marketed as RTP1 HD, when broadcasting RTP1 programming.
The channel closed on November 28, 2017, after the test period ended and RTP1 got a proper HD simulcast. The channel reopened for a few days after technical problems arose, but was shut down after the proper HD simulcast was able to broadcast once more.RTP2
RTP2 is the second television channel of Rádio e Televisão de Portugal, the Portuguese public broadcasting corporation. Commonly referred as the "Second" (O Segundo), and for a time rebranded as "Dois" (Portuguese for two), this historically state-run television channel started its regular broadcasting on 25 December 1968. Nowadays, RTP2 is a public-service, advertising-free channel that serves as an alternative to RTP's main channel, RTP1.
Similar to BBC Two, RTP2 aims at less mainstream and more intellectual content. RTP2 is the only of several Portuguese and European national/international channels that has a strict cultural and educational programming (comparable to Arte). RTP2 is the only broadcaster from Portugal that broadcasts programming without interruptions, ad breaks or in line messaging. Together with sister channel RTP1, it became a 24-hour service in 2002.
RTP2's line-up is devoted to worldwide recognized quality television content, institutional EU/national programming or advertising, television series, cinematography, documentary films, theatre and classical music. As of 2007, its share of the national audience was 5%-7%.RTP3
RTP3 is a Portuguese 24-hour public-service news channel owned-and-operated by Rádio e Televisão de Portugal (RTP). The channel is available on basic cable and satellite, as well as a free-to-air channel on terrestrial television.
The channel was launched on 15 October 2001 as NTV, a cable news channel headquartered in Porto. It was originally a joint-venture between PT Multimédia, Lusomundo and the television broadcaster Radiotelevisão Portuguesa (the old RTP). In 2003 it was completely acquired by the old RTP, and with the merger between the old RTP and radio broadcaster Radiodifusão Portuguesa (RDP), forming the new RTP, it became RTPN on 31 May 2004.
RTPN debuted a 24-hour schedule on 29 September 2008. Up till then, RTPN had simulcasted with Euronews during the early morning. Since mid-2009, RTPN has been available outside Portugal, through cable TV providers in Angola and Mozambique. On 19 September 2011, RTPN was renamed RTP Informação, beginning with a simulcast of Bom Dia Portugal which refreshed its graphics.
On 22 July 2015 it was announced that RTP Informação would rebrand once again. On 15 September 2015, the date of rebrand was confirmed to be 5 October, RTP's director of programmes Daniel Deusdado told the media. At midnight between 4 and 5 October 2015 Portuguese time, the channel became RTP3, during the coverage of the legislative election 2015.
Despite being a news-based channel, occasionally RTP3 also airs some sports programming, such as the Olympics and the FIFA Confederations Cup.
Unlike the other national RTP channels, RTP3's continuity and playout is handled at the Monte da Virgem studios, near Porto.
Since 1 December 2016, the channel is available on TDT.RTP Açores
RTP Açores is a Portuguese regional television channel operated in the Autonomous Region of the Azores by the national broadcaster, RTP (Rádio e Televisão de Portugal). The channel began broadcasting programmes produced at its studios in Ponta Delgada on 10 August 1975.RTP Desporto
RTP Desporto is the sports division of the Rádio e Televisão de Portugal (RTP). It is controlled by News division of RTP. Its flagship programming are the National Football Team matches on Tuesdays and Fridays and the Futsal First Division matches on Sundays.
The official website of RTP Desporto is rtp.pt/desporto, and one of the most visited of the News division of the RTP website.
Radio coverage of RTP is mostly on RDP Antena 1.
RTP also offers HDTV coverage of some events, such as the National Football Team matches and Estoril Open.RTP Informação
RTP Informação is the department of the Rádio e Televisão de Portugal, a Portuguese public broadcaster, responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs. Originally two separate news departments of Radiodifusão Portuguesa, the radio broadcaster, and Radiotelevisão Portuguesa, the television broadcaster, respectively, those were merged in 2004, becoming a part of the then-newly merged Rádio e Televisão de Portugal. On 19 September 2011, the department began emphasizing themselves, with the newly rebranded television channel of the same name and adding their name in the intro sequence of their newscasts on RTP1.RTP Internacional
RTP Internacional (abbreviated as RTPi) is the international television service of Rádio e Televisão de Portugal, the Portuguese public broadcaster. It shows a mix of programming from RTP's domestic channels, together with special Contacto programmes aimed at Portuguese migrant communities in Europe, Africa, South America and North America, as well as Macao and East Timor.RTP Madeira
RTP Madeira is a regional Portuguese television channel operated by the Rádio e Televisão de Portugal. It is broadcast in the Madeira Islands and via cable and satellite in the Azores Islands and continental Portugal. RTP Madeira serves as a regional opt-out to the national public television channel, RTP1.
RTP Madeira started broadcasting in 6 August 1972. On 1 April 2017, RTP Madeira got rebranded. The channel launch a new look at (20:37 USA time.)RTP Memória
RTP Memória (literally RTP Memory) is a Portuguese television channel that airs mainly classic RTP original programming and, occasionally, also foreign entertainment programming. It was launched on 4 October 2004 and it is available on every cable, satellite and IPTV provider in Portugal.
Since 1 December 2016, the channel is available on TDT.Telejornal (Portugal)
Telejornal is a news program aired each day at 20:00 on the Portuguese public television channel RTP1, the flagship channel of Rádio e Televisão de Portugal (RTP). The first show aired on 16 October 1959 and has kept its name since. The title translates as tele-journal. The term 'Telejornal' in Portugal has become synonymous with television news. The show is one of the most viewed in the country and the oldest long-running of Portuguese television.
Telejornal also simulcasts on other RTP channels such as RTP Internacional, RTP África, RTP Açores, RTP Madeira and RTP Play.
On 2 March 2009, RTP launched the video-on-demand service "O Meu Telejornal" through its website. Now, viewers can make their own newscast along with the news reports they want to see in the website anytime.
On 14 January 2012, RTP decided to reduce the runtime of Telejornal to 45 minutes, in order to have a similar runtime and format of its European counterparts.
On 31 August 2014, Telejornal broadcast without permission almost 3 minutes of the Lisbon derby match whose rights were owned by Benfica TV.Água de Mar
Água de Mar is a Portuguese television series that premiered on 14 July 2014 on RTP1. It stars Jorge Corrula, Mariana Monteiro and Rui Santos.
Rádio e Televisão de Portugal
|Services and platforms|
bold: free-to-air DTT – Italics: free-to-air regional DTT
Members of the European Broadcasting Union
|Associate members and|