Queen Jeonghui

Queen Jeonghui or Queen Jung-Hee (Hangul:정희왕후, Hanja:貞熹王后) (8 December 1418 – 6 May 1483), also known as Queen Dowager Jaseong (자성왕대비), was Queen Consort to King Sejo of Joseon and the mother of Sejo's successor King Yejong of Joseon. Following her husband's death in 1468, she served as regent for her weak son from 1468 to 1469 and co-regent for her young grandson from 1469 to 1477, along with her daughter-in-law, Grand Queen Dowager Insu. She was from the Papyeong Yun clan.

Queen Jeonghui
정희왕후
Queen Regent of Joseon
Regency1468 – 1477
with Queen Insu
MonarchKing Yejong of Joseon
King Seongjong of Joseon
Grand Queen Dowager of Joseon
Tenure1469 – 1483
PredecessorNone
SuccessorQueen Ansun
Queen Insu
Queen Dowager of Joseon
Tenure1468 – 1469
PredecessorQueen Jeongsun (Danjong)
SuccessorQueen Ansun
Queen Insu
Queen Consort of Joseon
Tenure1455 – 1468
PredecessorQueen Jeongsun (Danjong)
SuccessorQueen Ansun
Born8 December 1418
Hongcheon, Kingdom of Joseon
Died6 May 1483 (aged 64)
Kingdom of Joseon
Burial
SpouseKing Sejo of Joseon
IssueYi Jang, Crown Prince Uigyeong
King Yejong of Joseon
Princess Uisuk
Yi Se-Hui
Posthumous name
자성흠인경덕선열명순원숙휘신혜의신헌정희왕후
HousePapyeong Yun
FatherYun Beon
MotherLady Lee of the Incheon Lee clan

Biography

Queen Jeonghui was born on the eleventh day of the eleventh lunar month in the eighteenth year of King Taejong's reign. Her father Yun Beon (Hangul: 윤번, Hanja: 尹璠) (1384–1448) would later become Prime Minister. Her mother was Yun Beon's wife Lady Lee (Hangul: 이씨, Hanja: 李氏). She married the then-Grand Prince Suyang in 1428, on the thirteenth day of the twelfth lunar month in the tenth year of King Sejong's reign. She became Queen consort upon her husband's accession to the throne in 1455.

Queen Jeonghui became regent when her son, Yejong of Joseon ascended to the throne in 1468, because he was physically ill. According to records of this era, political decisions were taken by the Queen and three subjects nominated by King Sejo.

In 1469, King Yejong died at the age of 20 and was succeeded by his nephew, Queen Jeonghui's grandson King Seongjong. As Seongjong was only 13 at the time of his accession, Queen Jeonghui ruled the nation in Seongjong's name along with her daughter-in-law, Seongjong's, Queen Insu (whose husband had never actually been king). During her regency, common farmers were granted the right to cultivate fields that had originally belonged to the military. In 1474, the code of law, first ordered by King Sejo, was completed and put into effect.

Queen Jeonghui's regency ended in 1477, when King Seongjong, now 20 years old, assumed the reins of government himself. She died in 1483, on the thirtieth day of the third month in the fourteenth year of King Seongjong's reign.

Family

  • Father: Yun Beon (1384 – 1448) (윤번)
    • Grandfather: Yun Seung-Rye (윤승례)
    • Grandmother: Lady Kwon of the Andong Kwon clan (안동 권씨)
  • Mother: Lady Lee of the Incheon Lee clan (1383 – 1456) (인천 이씨)
    • Grandfather: Lee Mun-Hwa (1358 – 1414) (이문화)
    • Grandmother: Lady Choi of the Chungju Choi clan (충주 최씨)
  • Husband: King Sejo of Joseon (2 November 1417 – 23 September 1468) (조선 세조)
    • Son: Yi Jang, Crown Prince Uigyeong (1438 – 2 September 1457) (이장 의경세자)
    • Son: King Yejong of Joseon (14 January 1450 – 31 December 1469) (조선 예종)
      • Daughter-in-law: Queen Jangsun of the Cheongju Han clan (22 February 1445 – 5 January 1462) (장순왕후 한씨)
      • Daughter-in-law: Queen Ansun of the Cheongju Han clan (12 March 1445 – 3 February 1499) (안순왕후 한씨)
    • Daughter: Princess Uisuk (1442 – 3 December 1477) (의숙공주)
      • Son-in-law: Jeong Hyeon-Jo (1440 – 13 July 1504) (정현조)
    • Daughter: Yi Se-Hui (이세희) or Princess Uiryeong (의령공주) or Princess Uihwa (의화공주)[1][2]

Popular culture

References

  1. ^ From the unofficial history (야사 野史), accurately from the "Geumgye Pildam" (금계필담 錦溪筆談; by Seo Yoo-yeong (서유영) in 1873), but unable to confirm from the official Annals. But in 1446 (Sejong's 28th year), the Annals recorded Grand Prince Suyang (as he was still known that time) as having "1 son & 2 daughters", but there is no record or possibility of her having existed
  2. ^ The name recorded down in said unofficial history

External links

  • Korea Heads
  • "Royal Ladies of Joseon Dynasty". The Talking Cupboard.
Preceded by
Queen Jeongsun
Queen consort of Joseon
1455–1468
Succeeded by
Queen Ansun
1418

Year 1418 (MCDXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

1483

Year 1483 (MCDLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar).

Bongseonsa

Bongseonsa is a head temple of the Jogye Order of Korean Buddhism. It stands in Jinjeop-eup, Namyangju, a short distance east of Seoul in Gyeonggi province, South Korea. It was built by National Preceptor Beobin in 969, under the Goryeo dynasty. At that time it bore the name "Unaksa." The current name dates to 1469, when Queen Jeonghui of the Joseon Dynasty changed the temple's name at the time that her husband King Sejo was buried nearby. The name can be interpreted as "temple of revering the sage." Thereafter, the temple continued to have a close relationship with the queens of Joseon.

Bongseonsa has been burned down and rebuilt several times, due to the 16th-century Seven Year War, 17th-century Manchu invasions of Korea, and 20th-century Korean War.

Crown Prince Uigyeong

Crown Prince Uigyeong or Deokjong of Joseon or Prince Dowon (1438 – 2 September 1457, Korean: 의경세자) was a crown prince of the Korean Joseon Dynasty.

Han Hye-sook

Han Hye-sook (born August 20, 1951) is a South Korean actress. Han won the Grand Prize in the controversial but highly rated television drama Dear Heaven at the SBS Drama Awards in 2006.

Insu, The Queen Mother

Insu, The Queen Mother (Hangul: 인수대비; RR: Insudaebi; lit. Queen Insoo) is a 2011 South Korean historical television series, starring Chae Shi-ra, Hahm Eun-jung, Kim Young-ho, Kim Mi-sook, Baek Sung-hyun and Jeon Hye-bin. Focusing on the fierce power struggle among three women in the royal court of the Joseon Dynasty, it aired from December 3, 2011 to June 24, 2012 on Saturdays and Sundays 20:55 for 60 episodes. It was one of the inaugural dramas on newly launched cable channel jTBC.Chae Shi-ra reprised the role of Queen Insoo; she previously played the same character in the 1998-2000 period drama The King and the Queen, also written by Jung Ha-yeon. She said she joined the series because she wanted to explore the character further, "This drama series focuses more on the ambitious side of Queen Insoo, who dreams of becoming the absolute ruler of the Joseon Dynasty, and I liked the part."

Korea National Arboretum

Korea National Arboretum ((in Korean):국립수목원) is an arboretum located in Jikdong-ri, Soheul eup, Pocheon city of Gyeonggi Province of South Korea. Before 1999, the arboretum was called Arboretum Gwangneung.

The planting of large forests started during the reign of Sejo of Joseon. He and Queen Jeonghui designated the area for a tomb. The area was devastated during the Korean war.The arboretum includes the white-bellied woodpecker and 900 plant species. The South Korean government registered the forest as natural monument 11, acknowledging its importance.

List of state leaders in 1468

This is a list of heads of state, heads of governments, and other rulers in the year 1468.

List of state leaders in 1469

This is a list of heads of state, heads of governments, and other rulers in the year 1469.

List of state leaders in 1470

This is a list of heads of state, heads of governments, and other rulers in the year 1470.

Princess Gyeonghye

Princess Gyeonghye (1435–1473), also known as Princess Pyeongchang before her marriage, was a Joseon princess and the eldest child of Munjong of Joseon. She served as guardian for her brother, Danjong of Joseon, when he ascended the throne underage.

Queen Ansun

Queen Ansun (12 March 1445 – 3 February 1499) also known as Queen Dowager Inhye (인혜왕대비) was the second wife and Queen Consort of King Yejong of Joseon, the 8th monarch of the Joseon Dynasty.

Queen Jeongsun (Danjong)

Queen Jeongsun (Hangul:정순왕후 송씨, Hanja:定順王后 宋氏) (1440 – 7 July 1521) also known as Queen Dowager Uideok (의덕왕대비) was Queen consort of King Danjong of Joseon, the 6th monarch of the Joseon Dynasty.

Queen Soheon

Queen Soheon (12 October 1395 – 19 April 1446) (소헌왕후 심씨) was queen consort to King Sejong of Joseon and the mother of King Munjong of Joseon and King Sejo of Joseon.

Sejo of Joseon

Sejo of Joseon (korean:조선 세조, 2 November 1417 – 23 September 1468, r. 1455–1468) was the seventh king of the Joseon Dynasty of Korea. He was the brother of Munjong of Joseon and uncle of Danjong of Joseon, against whom he led a coup d'état to became king himself in 1455.

Seongjong of Joseon

Seongjong of Joseon (August 20, 1457 – January 20, 1494) was the ninth king of the Joseon Dynasty of Korea. He succeeded King Yejong in 1469 and ruled until 1494.

The King and I (TV series)

The King and I (Hangul: 왕과 나; Hanja: 王과 나; RR: Wanggwa Na) is a South Korean historical drama series that aired on SBS from August 27, 2007 to April 1, 2008 on Mondays and Tuesdays at 21:55. Starring Oh Man-seok, Ku Hye-sun and Go Joo-won, the series was moderately successful, with its ratings peak at 20%.

Yang Mi-kyung

Yang Mi-kyung (born July 25, 1961) is a South Korean actress. She is best known for playing the role of palace lady-in-waiting Han Baek-young in the popular period drama series Dae Jang Geum (2003).

Yejong of Joseon

This article is about the 8th monarch during the Joseon Dynasty in Korea. For the 16th Korean monarch during the Goryeo Dynasty, see Yejong of Goryeo.Yejong of Joseon (12 February 1450 – 31 December 1469) was the 8th king of the Joseon Dynasty Korea. He succeeded his father, King Sejo in 1468 at 18 years of age (19 according to Korean system), but was too physically ill to govern, and died a year later.

One of the most prominent incidents during Yejong's reign was the trial and death of General Nam I (남이 장군, 南怡). Nam-I was famous for having suppressed Yi Si-ae rebellion along with General Gang-Sun and others. At age 28, he was appointed to Minister of War. However, when Yejong became king, a minister named Yu Jagwang (유자광, 柳子光) who was jealous of Nam I accused him of treason when he found out that Yejong himself was not fond of Nam I. Yu also involved the Minister Gang Sun (강순, 康純) and initiated a trial witnessed by the King himself. They were found guilty and executed while Yu Ja-gwang was promoted to a high office and given a title of prince. After this incident, there were many cases of Yu accusing ministers who were apparently more prestigious than himself.

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