Quartermaster Corps (United States Army)

The United States Army Quartermaster Corps, formerly the Quartermaster Department, is a Sustainment, formerly combat service support (CSS), branch of the United States Army. It is also one of three U.S. Army logistics branches, the others being the Transportation Corps and the Ordnance Corps.

The U.S. Army Quartermaster Corps mission is to support the development, production, acquisition, and sustainment of general supply, Mortuary Affairs, subsistences, petroleum and water, material and distribution management during peace and war to provide combat power to the U.S. Army. The officer in charge of the branch for doctrine, training, and professional development purposes is the Quartermaster General. The current Quartermaster General is Brigadier General Douglas M. McBride.

Quartermaster Insignia (US Army Quartermaster Museum)
Quartermaster Corps branch insignia

History

The American Soldier, 1776-1
Assistant Quartermaster General John Parke give instructions to a captain of artillery whose company has just arrived from Boston. New London, 1776.

The Quartermaster Corps is the U.S. Army's oldest logistics branch, established 16 June 1775. On that date, the Second Continental Congress passed a resolution providing for "one Quartermaster General of the grand army and a deputy, under him, for the separate army".

In 1802 under President Thomas Jefferson the size of the US Army was reduced with the Quartermaster Department being disbanded. In its place the nation was divided into three departments, each with its own agent and subordinates who were responsible for quartermaster functions within each Department[1] The Quartermaster Corps was re-established in 1812.

From 1775 to 1912, this organization was known as the Quartermaster Department. In 1912, Congress consolidated the former Subsistence, Pay, and Quartermaster Departments to create the Quartermaster Corps. Quartermaster units and soldiers have served in every U.S. military operation from the Revolutionary War to current operations in Iraq (Operation Iraqi Freedom) and Afghanistan (Operation Enduring Freedom).

Insignia

  • The Regimental Insignia was authorized in 1986 and revised in 1994 to the current insignia. The insignia is described as a gold color metal and enamel device 1 inch in height consisting of a gold eagle with wings spread and head lowered looking to his right and standing upon a wheel with a blue felloe set with thirteen gold stars, having thirteen gold spokes and the hub white with a red center; superimposed on the wheel a gold sword and key crossed diagonally hilt and bow up, all on a black background and resting upon a wreath of green laurel terminating at either side below the eagle's wings at the upper end of the sword and key. Attached below the device is a gold scroll inscribed SUPPORTING VICTORY in black. The original regimental insignia was all gold and approved on 31 March 1986. The design was changed on 7 June 1994 to add color to the insignia. The Regimental DUI is worn on the Soldier's right side above the name tag and any unit awards on the Army Service Uniform.[2]
  • The Branch Insignia was approved in its present form in 1913. The sword is characteristic of military forces and symbolized the Quartermaster Corps control of military supplies. The key is representative of the Corps traditional storekeeping function. The wheel is styled after a six-mule-wagon wheel and represents transportation and delivery of supplies. The wheel has thirteen spokes, a red and white hub and a blue felloe (the outer edge of the wheel) embedded with thirteen gilt (gold) stars. The thirteen stars and spokes of the wheel represent the original colonies and the origin of the Corps which occurred during the Revolutionary War. The gilt (gold) eagle is the national bird and is symbolic of our nation. The colors red, white and blue are the national colors. The Branch Insignia is worn on the lapel of the Army Service Uniform, singly on a brass disk for Enlisted personnel and in pairs for Officers.[3][4]
US Army Quartermaster Regimental DUI
Current Regimental Insignia
US Army Quartermaster RDI 1986 to 1994
Initial Regimental Insignia
US Army Quartermaster branch insignia
Branch Insignia as worn by Quartermaster Officers

Functions

The function of the Quartermaster Corps is to provide the following support to the Army:

  • general supply (except for ammunition and medical supplies)
  • Mortuary Affairs (formerly graves registration)
  • subsistence (food service)
  • petroleum and water
  • field services
    • aerial delivery (parachute packing, air item maintenance, heavy and light equipment parachute drop, rigging and sling loading)
    • shower, laundry, fabric/light textile repair
  • material and distribution management

Former functions

Former functions and missions of the Quartermaster Corps were:

Units

Quartermaster detachments, companies and battalions are normally assigned to corps or higher level commands. Divisions and smaller units have multifunctional support battalions which combine functional areas from the Army Transportation Corps, Army Quartermaster Corps, Army Ordnance Corps, and the Army Medical Service Corps.

Quartermaster organizations include field service, general supply, petroleum supply and petroleum pipeline, aerial delivery (rigger), water, and mortuary affairs units. Most are company level except petroleum and water, which has battalion and group level units. There is one Bulk petroleum Company on Active Duty.

Military Occupational Specialities

The nine Quartermaster Enlisted Military Occupational Specialties (MOSs) are:

  • 92A – Automated Logistical Specialist
  • 92F – Petroleum Supply Specialist
  • 92G – Culinary Specialist
  • 92L – Petroleum Laboratory Specialist
  • 92M – Mortuary Affairs Specialist
  • 92R – Parachute Rigger
  • 92S – Shower/Laundry and Clothing Repair Specialist
  • 92W – Water Treatment Specialist
  • 92Y – Unit Supply Specialist

The five Quartermaster Warrant Officer Military Occupational Specialties (MOSs) are:

  • 920A – Property Accounting Technician
  • 920B – Supply Systems Technician
  • 921A – Airdrop Systems Technician
  • 922A – Food Service Technician
  • 923A – Petroleum Systems Technician

The three Quartermaster Officer Areas of Concentration (AOCs) have been merged into 92A as Additional Skill Identifiers (ASIs)

  • 92A – Quartermaster, General
  • R9 – Aerial Delivery and Materiel (formerly 92D)
  • R8 – Petroleum and Water (formerly 92F)

Leadership / School

The officer in charge of the branch for doctrine, training, and professional development purposes is the Quartermaster General. The current Quartermaster General is Brigadier General Douglas M. McBride. The Quartermaster General does not have command authority over Quartermaster units, but instead commands the United States Army Quartermaster Center and School, located at Fort Lee, Virginia, near Petersburg. This school provides enlisted advanced individual training (AIT) and leader training for Quartermaster officers, warrant officers and non-commissioned officers.

For a list of US Army Quartermaster Generals, see Quartermaster General (United States).[5]

In the media

The Quartermaster Corps provides a host of vital services to the U.S. Army. But, because these jobs are often not glamorous, very little is mentioned about Quartermaster soldiers in the mainstream media. The Global War on Terrorism and the 11 September attack on the Pentagon, as well as operations in Iraq and Afghanistan, have brought several Quartermasters briefly into the spotlight. Here are a few who have recently gained attention:

Military Order of Saint Martin

The Quartermaster Corps established this private order on 7 February 1997. The emblematic figure is of Saint Martin of Tours.[6] The medal, for Quartermasters either on Active Duty, in the Reserves, or Civilian status, is awarded in three grades:

  • Ancient Order of Saint Martin (gold medallion)
  • Distinguished Order of Saint Martin (silver medallion)
  • Honorable Order of Saint Martin (bronze medallion)

An updated list of recipients is maintained on the Association of Quartermasters website.

It should be noted that the Military Order of Saint Martin is awarded by the Association of Quartermasters and not the United States Army.

Quartermaster Unit Insignia

23 QM Bde DUI

23rd Quartermaster Brigade
"The Corps Starts Here"

2 QM Group DUI

2nd Quartermaster Group
"Fuel Line to Victory"

49 QM GRP DUI

49th Quartermaster Group
"Fueling the Force"

16th Quartermaster Squadron

16th Quartermaster Squadron

56th QM Bn crest

56th Quartermaster Battalion
"Meet the Need"

61 QM Bn DUI

61st Quartermaster Battalion
"Foundation for Victory"

95th SupServ Bn crest

95th Supply and Services Battalion
"Supply the Line"

244 QM Bn DUI

244th Quartermaster Battalion
"Si Non Potestis Possumus"

262 QM Bn DUI

262nd Quartermaster Battalion
"Lifeline to Victory"

266 QM Bn DUI

266th Quartermaster Battalion
"The Providers"

505 QM Bn DUI

505th Quartermaster Battalion
"Proud to Pump"

554 QM Bn DUI

554th Quartermaster Battalion
"Liberte et Droit"

See also

Notes

  1. ^ p. 123 American Military History: The United States Army and the forging of a nation, 1775-1917 Government Printing Office
  2. ^ Services&ps=24&p=0 US Army Institute of Heraldry Quartermaster page
  3. ^ Services&ps=24&p=0 US Army Institute of Heraldry Quartermaster page
  4. ^ US Army Quartermaster Foundation
  5. ^ Quartermaster Generals Archived 23 August 2008 at the Wayback Machine.
  6. ^ The Order of Saint Martin Archived 6 October 2007 at the Wayback Machine.

Further reading

Early History of the Quartermaster Corps
  • Risch, Erna (1981). Supplying Washington's Army. Washington, D.C.: United States Army Center of Military History.
Korean War

External links

Christian William Miller

Christian William Miller (August 7, 1921 – July 5, 1995) was an American artist and model who contemporaries qualified as "one of the most beautiful men" in the gay social scene of New York City in the 1940s.

Douglas M. McBride Jr.

Brigadier General Douglas M. McBride, Jr. is a serving general officer in the United States Army and the 55th Quartermaster General and Commandant of the Quartermaster School at Fort Lee, Virginia. McBride was appointed as the interim commander of the US Army Combined Arms Command / Sustainment Center of Excellence on 23 August 2018.

Justus McKinstry

Justus McKinstry (July 6, 1814 – December 11, 1897) was a United States Army officer who served in the Second Seminole War and with merit in the Mexican–American War and in the Third Seminole War. He was appointed a brigadier general and assistant quartermaster in the Union Army in the early days of the American Civil War but his appointment expired without being confirmed by the United States Senate. His actual highest rank was major. He was suspended from his appointment and held under arrest starting November 13, 1861, although his confinement was expanded to the city limits of St. Louis, Missouri after February 22, 1862, in anticipation of a court martial in October 1862. He was convicted of graft, corruption and fraud in the quartermaster's department in the Department of the West. The court recommended his dismissal from the army. On January 28, 1863, after being held in arrest for more than a year, McKinstry was cashiered "for neglect and violation of duty to the prejudice of good order and military discipline." Despite the expiration of his brigadier general appointment without Senate confirmation, some sources, such as Ezra Warner, list McKinstry as a brigadier general. If so regarded, he was one of three Union Army generals who were cashiered. After his dismissal from the Union Army, McKinstry was a speculator and stock broker in New York City, 1864–1867, and land agent in Rolla, Missouri, 1867 – c. 1870, although he spent most of the rest of his life in reduced circumstances in St. Louis.

List of numbered documents of the United States Department of War

From 1896 to 1929, the United States Department of War gave their publications a successive number, like other departments including the Department of Agriculture and Department of the Treasury. They were mostly (drill) regulations and other field manuals (as they were later called, when the War Department adopted the FM Field Manual numbering), but also collections of military laws or descriptions of countries of military interest and campaigns or battles. Only a few Technical Manuals (TM's) (as they were later called) are included in this series. These publications were mainly printed by the Government Printing Office, but also by some other printers. Many of them can be found in the HathiTrust, Archive.org and CARC (Combined Arms Research Center) online libraries. Other known US War department publications are for example General Orders, Special Orders and Special Regulations. Many of the so-called Monographs, mainly descriptions of campaigns and battles, have their own numbering, but several of them also have a War Department Document (W.D. doc) number.

Quartermaster General of the United States Army

The Quartermaster General of the United States Army is a general officer who is responsible for the Quartermaster Corps, the Quartermaster branch of the U.S. Army. The Quartermaster General does not command Quartermaster units, but is primarily focused on training, doctrine and professional development of Quartermaster soldiers. The Quartermaster General also serves as the Commanding General, U.S. Army Quartermaster Center and School, Fort Lee, Virginia and the traditional Quartermaster Corps. The office of the Quartermaster General was established by resolution of the Continental Congress on 16 June 1775, but the position was not filled until 14 August 1775. Perhaps the most famous Quartermaster General was Nathanael Greene, who was the third Quartermaster General, serving from March 1778 to August 1780. The first Quartermaster General to serve in the U.S. Army was Thomas Mifflin of Pennsylvania.

Quartermaster general

A quartermaster general is the staff officer in charge of supplies for a whole army. He is in charge of quartermaster units and personnel, i.e. those tasked with providing supplies for military forces and units.

Rodney D. Fogg

Major General Rodney D. Fogg is a serving general officer in the United States Army and the Deputy Chief of Staff for Logistics and Operations, U.S. Army Materiel Command, Redstone Arsenal, Alabama.

U.S. Army Quartermaster Museum

The United States Army Quartermaster Museum, located at Fort Lee, Virginia, is an AAM accredited museum in the Commonwealth of Virginia. The museum's aim is to preserve and exhibit the history of the Quartermaster Corps, which was formed in 1775 and to date it has collected more than 24,000 items. The Museum also serves the Quartermaster Center and School as a classroom for the teaching of history, educating more than 16,000 soldiers, non-commissioned officers, warrant officers, and officers a year.

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