Qingdao dialect

Qingdao dialect is the local dialect of the city of Qingdao and nearby towns, in China's Shandong Province.

Often characterized as requiring a "fat tongue", the Qingdao dialect often adds a /θ/ ("th") sound to Mandarin's /ʂ/ ("sh"), /ɕ/ ("x"), and /s/ ("s"). It also obliterates many Mandarin tones.

The basic, though not at all universal rule for converting Putonghua to the Qingdao dialect in the pinyin system is that a Mandarin 1 tone will become a Qingdao 3, 2 becomes a 4, 3 becomes 1 and 4 remains four. Qingdao dialect's 1 tone (Mandarin's 3) also has a drawl to it. (the pinyin tones are: 1ˉ 2ˊ 3ˇ 4ˋ)

There are other phonetic changes from Mandarin to the Qingdao dialect:

  • "gá •la" (蛤蜊), the local spicy clam dish, known in Mandarin as "gé •li"
  • "hā pì jiū" (喝啤酒), drink beer
  • "bài dào •dao" (别叨叨), meaning "no need to say more", but better understood to mean "shut up". Literally translated as "don't blather on".
  • "Zhei Ba (窄巴), narrow (窄 is pronounced as Zhei in Qingdao dialect, different from Zhai in Putonghua)
  • "Biao (彪)/ Chao (嘲)/ Ban Xian (半仙)/ Yu (愚), stupid [1]

Nearly all Qingdao natives can understand Mandarin, but they will often respond in the Qingdao dialect without realizing they are doing so. The Qingdao dialect is not necessarily standardized throughout Qingdao. Different neighbourhoods, from Zhanshan to Xinjiazhuang to Maidao, will have their own variations.

Qingdao's urban dialect words originated between the 1940s and the 1960s. It has slowly developed its own "-isms" and slang over the years.

Qingdao dialect
青岛方言,青岛话
Native toChina
RegionQingdao
Native speakers
3-8 million
Language codes
ISO 639-3
GlottologNone

See also

References

  1. ^ Yi Ching, Leung. "17 verbal flavors of Shandong: the 101 guide to the dialects of Shandong". www.zentopia-culture.com/. Leung Yi Ching. Retrieved 18 February 2017.

External links

Dalian dialect

Dalian dialect (simplified Chinese: 大连话; traditional Chinese: 大連話; pinyin: Dalian hua, Romaji: Dairen-ben) is a dialect of Mandarin Chinese spoken on the Liaodong Peninsula, including the city of Dalian and parts of Dandong and Yingkou. Dalian dialect shares many similarities with the Qingdao dialect spoken on Shandong Peninsula (Jiaodong Peninsula) across Bohai Strait; hence the name Jiao Liao Mandarin. Dalian dialect is notable among Chinese dialects for loanwords from Japanese and Russian, reflecting its history of foreign occupation.Notable words in the Dalian dialect include 飆 ("foolish") and 熊 ("to cheat or deceive").

Dezhou

Dezhou (Chinese: 德州; pinyin: Dézhōu) is a prefecture-level city in northwestern Shandong province, People's Republic of China. It borders the provincial capital of Jinan to the southeast, Liaocheng to the southwest, Binzhou to the northeast, and the province of Hebei to the north.

Dezhou braised chicken

Dezhou braised chicken (simplified Chinese: 德州扒鸡; traditional Chinese: 德州扒雞; pinyin: Dézhōu pá jī) is a famous Chinese dish from the city of Dezhou in Shandong Province, China.

Great Wall of Qi

The Great Wall of Qi (simplified Chinese: 齐长城; traditional Chinese: 齊長城; pinyin: Qí Chángchéng) is the oldest existing Great Wall in China. Construction of the wall started in 685 BC (during the Spring and Autumn period) by the state of Qi, to defend itself from southern states of Ju and Lu and later on, from the Kingdom of Chu. The existing sections date back to 500 BC. Construction ended during the Warring States period. The wall stretches from the areas under the administration of the present-day city of Jinan to the present-day city of Qingdao across the territories of the present-day cities of Tai'an, Zibo, Laiwu, Weifang, Linyi, and Rizhao. Its total length has been estimated at about 600 kilometers. Most of the wall is still able to be seen.

Hai River

The Hai River (lit."Sea River"), formerly known as the Peiho, Pei He or Pei Ho ("White River"), is a Chinese river connecting Beijing to Tianjin and the Bohai Sea.

The Hai River at Tianjin is formed by the confluence of five rivers, the Southern Canal, Ziya River, Daqing River, Yongding River, and the Northern Canal. The southern and northern canals are parts of the Grand Canal. The Southern Canal is joined by the Wei River at Linqing. The Northern Canal joins with the Bai He (or Chaobai River) at Tongzhou. The Northern Canal (sharing a channel with Bai He) is also the only waterway from the sea to Beijing. Therefore, early Westerners also called the Hai He the Bai He.

At Tianjin, through the Grand Canal, the Hai connects with the Yellow and Yangtze rivers. The construction of the Grand Canal greatly altered the rivers of the Hai He basin. Previously, the Wei, Ziya Yongding and Bai Rivers flowed separately to the sea. The Grand Canal cut through the lower reaches of these rivers and fused them into one outlet to the sea, in the form of the current Hai He.

Hai He is 1,329 kilometres (826 mi) long measured from the longest tributary. However, the Hai He is only around 70 kilometres (43 mi) from Tianjin to its estuary. Its basin has an area of approximately 319,000 km2 (123,000 sq mi).

Haw flakes

Haw flakes (Chinese: 山楂餅; pinyin: shānzhā bǐng) are Chinese sweets made from the fruit of the Chinese hawthorn. The pale/dark pink candy is usually formed into discs two millimeters thick, and packaged in cylindrical stacks with label art resemblant of Chinese fireworks. The sweet and tangy snack is usually served to guests along with tea or as a treat for children. Some Chinese people take the flakes with bitter Chinese herbal medicine.

Jining

Jining (simplified Chinese: 济宁; traditional Chinese: 濟寧; pinyin: Jǐníng) is a prefecture-level city in southwestern Shandong province. It borders Heze to the southwest, Zaozhuang to the southeast, Tai'an to the northeast, and the provinces of Henan and Jiangsu to the northwest and south respectively. Jining, which is located directly to the north of Lake Nanyang (Chinese: 南阳湖; pinyin: Nányáng Hú), is today the northernmost city reachable by navigation on the Grand Canal of China making it an important inland port.

Its population was 8,081,905 at the 2010 census, of whom 1,241,012 lived in the built-up (or metro) area made up of Rencheng urban district on 884 km2 (341 sq mi), Yanzhou district not being totally conurbated yet.

Laiwu

Laiwu (simplified Chinese: 莱芜; traditional Chinese: 萊蕪; pinyin: Láiwú) was a prefecture-level city in central Shandong Province, China. Bordered the provincial capital of Jinan to the north, Zibo to the east and Tai'an to the southwest, it was the smallest prefecture-level city in the province. It had a population of 1,298,529 at the 2010 census, and became part of Jinan in 2019.

Laizhou Bay

Laizhou Bay (simplified Chinese: 莱州湾; traditional Chinese: 萊州灣; pinyin: Láizhōu Wān) is the southern arm of the Bohai Sea (also known as the Bohai Gulf, or just Bo Hai), which is a large relatively shallow extension of Korea Bay (Northern Yellow Sea) behind the Liaodong Peninsula to the north, and the Shandong Peninsula to the south. Both peninsulas are roughly triangular in shape and point towards the Bohai Strait, the mouth opening out to the Yellow Sea via the southern region of Korea Bay.

Liaocheng

Liaocheng (Chinese: 聊城; pinyin: Liáochéng), also known as the Water City, is a prefecture-level city in western Shandong province, China. It borders the provincial capital of Jinan to the southeast, Dezhou to the northeast, Tai'an to the south, and the provinces of Hebei and Henan to the west. The Grand Canal flows through the city center. Its population was 5,789,863 at the 2010 census whom 1,229,768 lived in the built-up area made up of Donchangfu district, even though large parts remain rural.During the Song dynasty, the area of present-day Liaocheng included the prefectures of Bo and Ji. In 2007, the city is named China's top ten livable cities by Chinese Cities Brand Value Report, which was released at 2007 Beijing Summit of China Cities Forum.

Lingyan Temple (Jinan)

Not to be confused with Lingyin Temple.

Lingyan Temple (simplified Chinese: 灵岩寺; traditional Chinese: 靈巖寺; pinyin: Língyán Sì; literally: 'Temple of the Spiritual Rocks') is a Buddhist temple located in Changqing District, Jinan, Shandong Province, China, about 20 kilometres (12 mi) north of the city of Tai'an. The temple grounds are situated in a valley on the western edge of the Taishan range. The Lingyan Temple has a long recorded history, and was one of the main temples in China during the times of the Tang and Song Dynasties. Its most renowned landmarks are the 11th century Pizhi Pagoda and the Thousand Buddha Hall which houses a Ming dynasty bronze Buddha statue as well as 40 painted clay statues of life-size luohan from the Song dynasty.

Lü opera

Lüju (吕剧) is a variety of Chinese opera from the eastern province of Shandong, China. It originated in the southwestern part of the province.

There are several theories about how this form of opera got its name.

Nansi Lake

Nansi Lake (Chinese: 南四湖; pinyin: Nánsì Hú; literally: 'Southern Four Lakes'), or Weishan Lake, administrated by Weishan County and located in Shandong Province in China, is the largest freshwater lake in the north of the country. It consists of four connected lakes: Weishan (Chinese: 微山湖; pinyin: Wēishān Hú), Zhaoyang (Chinese: 昭阳湖; pinyin: Zhāoyáng Hú), Nanyang (Chinese: 南阳湖; pinyin: Nányáng Hú), Dushan (Chinese: 独山湖; pinyin: Dúshān Hú). It is 120 km long and 1266 square km in area.

Politics of Shandong

The politics of Shandong Province in the People's Republic of China is structured in a dual party-government system like all other governing institutions in mainland China.

The Governor of Shandong is the highest-ranking official in the People's Government of Shandong. However, in the province's dual party-government governing system, the Governor has less power than the Shandong Communist Party of China Provincial Committee Secretary, colloquially termed the "Shandong CPC Party Chief".

Shandong Normal University

Shandong Normal University (simplified Chinese: 山东师范大学; traditional Chinese: 山東師範大學; pinyin: Shāndōng Shīfàn Dàxué, English acronym SDNU) is a university in Jinan City, Shandong Province, China. It is one of the earliest institutions of higher learning established in Shandong Province since the founding of the People’s Republic of China.

Shandong Peninsula

The Shandong Peninsula is a peninsula in Shandong province in eastern China, between the Bohai Sea to the north and the Yellow Sea to the south.

Shuidong

Shuidong is a village of the town of Luohe (洛河镇), Ju County, Rizhao, Shandong Province, China. The dialect of Shuidong is Qingdao dialect.

Xiatun is on its west, with Guozhuang nearby. On the south is Wangjialing, and north is the Shanjia Haipo.

Tai'an

Tai'an (Chinese: 泰安; pinyin: Tài'ān) is a prefecture-level city in western Shandong province of the People's Republic of China. Centered on Mount Tai, the city borders the provincial capital of Jinan to the north, Laiwu to the northeast, Zibo to the east, Linyi to the southeast, Liaocheng to the extreme west and Jining to the south. To the west, Tai'an is separated from the province of Henan by the Yellow River.

Its population was 5,494,207 as of the 2010 census, of whom 1,735,425 lived in the built-up (or metro) area made of 2 urban districts (Taishan District and Daiyue District).

Xiatun

Xia Tun is located in Guozhuang (果庄镇), Ju County, Rizhao, Shandong Province, China. The dialect of Xia Tun is Qingdao dialect.

Shui Dong is on her east, with Guozhuang on the west. On the south is Wangjialing, and north is the Tianguangzhuang.

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