Qazigund

Qazigund, is a town and a notified area committee in Anantnag district in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. Qazigund is located at 33°35′N 75°10′E / 33.59°N 75.16°E. It has an average elevation of 1670 m (5478 feet) above mean sea level.

Qazigund
town
Qazigund is located in Jammu and Kashmir
Qazigund
Qazigund
Location in Jammu and Kashmir, India
Qazigund is located in India
Qazigund
Qazigund
Qazigund (India)
Coordinates: 33°35′32″N 75°09′56″E / 33.592132°N 75.165432°ECoordinates: 33°35′32″N 75°09′56″E / 33.592132°N 75.165432°E
Country India
StateJammu and Kashmir
DistrictAnantnag
Elevation
1,670 m (5,480 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total9,871
Languages
 • OfficialUrdu
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationJK03

Demographics

As of 2011 India census,[1] Qazigund had a population of 9871. Males constitute 55% of the population and females 45%. Qazigund has an average literacy rate of 70.21%, higher than the national average of 67.16%, male literacy is 79.82%, and female literacy is 58.27%. In Qazigund, 20.67% of the population is under 6 years of age.

azigund has always been known for religious tolerance. Amongst Hindus, Pushker Nath Raina, of Chowgam, was a highly respected person and a great thinker and philosopher, who ensured communal harmony all the time. Muslims, Hindus and Sikhs reside peacefully in Qazigund from centuries. Qazigund is surrounded by springs known as Nags in local language. Verinag source of river Jehlum is only 10 km from Qazigund. Panzath Nag is just 3 km from Qazigund and famous Kound Nag is around 7–10 km from Qazigund.

Transport

Qazigund is connected to Anantnag and Srinagar by road and railway. There is a train service from Qazigund to Srinagar ten times a day, and is connected to Kulgam by road. Qazigund is connected to Jammu and rest of India through NH 44 (former name NH 1A before renumbering of all national highways) that passes through Jawahar Tunnel of Pir Panjal mountain. New NH444 connects Qazigund to Srinagar via Shupiyan.

Banihal railway tunnel

Banihal railway tunnel or Pir Panjal Railway Tunnel, is an 11 km long railway tunnel under the Pir Panjal mountains to connect Qazigund railway station to Banihal railway station. It was bored in late 2011, became operational by 26 Dec 2012 and was commissioned in June 2013. It is India's longest and Asia's third longest railway tunnel and reduced the distance between Quazigund and Banihal to only 11 km.[2]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Census of India 2011: Data from the 2011 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
  2. ^ "India's longest railway tunnel unveiled in Jammu & Kashmir". The Times of India. 14 October 2011. Retrieved 14 October 2011.
2000 Amarnath pilgrimage massacre

August 2000, Kashmir massacre on 1 and 2 August was the massacre of at least 89 people (official count) to 105 (as reported by PTI) and injury to at least 62 people, in at least five different coordinated attacks by Kashmiri separatist militants in Anantnag district and Doda district of Kashmir Valley in India.Out of these, 32 were killed on 2 August in 2000, Amarnath yatra massacre at Nunwan base camp in Pahalgam. Dead included 21 Hindu pilgrims, 7 local Muslim shopkeepers and 3 security officers, and 7 more people were also injured.

Banihal

Banihal is a town and a notified area committee in Ramban district in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. It is a rural and a hilly area with Kamirwah being one of the most spectacular hills. It is located about 35 km (22 mi) away from Qazigund of Anantnag district on NH 44 (former name NH 1A before renumbering of all national highways). However, the distance between Banihal and Qazigund is only 18 km by train on the new railway line which is much shorter than the road. The most common language spoken in the region is Kashmiri; Urdu and English being other familiar languages.

Banihal Qazigund Road Tunnel

Banihal Qazigund Road Tunnel is an 8.5 km road tunnel at elevation of 1,790 m in the Pir Panjal range in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir connecting Banihal and Qazigund. It is a double tube tunnel consisting of two parallel tunnels - one for each direction of travel. Each tunnel is 7 m wide and has two lanes of road. The two tunnels are interconnected by a passage every 500 m for maintenance and emergency evacuation. The tunnel will have forced ventilation for extracting smoke and stale air and infusing fresh air. It will have state of the art monitoring and control systems for security. It is expected that vehicles will have to pay a toll to use the tunnel.

Banihal railway station

Banihal railway station (station code: BAHL), a part of Jammu–Baramulla line, is situated in notified area of Banihal in Ramban district, Jammu and Kashmir. It was commissioned on 26 June 2013 and passenger trains run from Banihal to Qazigund. The station was inaugurated by former prime minister Manmohan Singh and UPA Chairperson Sonia Gandhi on the same day at 2.22 pm. They enjoyed the 12-minute ride in train through Pir panjal tunnel up to Qazigund with 100 students, mostly girls, of the Banihal Higher Secondary School, and made the 17.8-km ride back to Banihal, passing through the tunnel again, the second longest in Asia.

Chowgam

Chowgam is a village in Kulgam District, having its block in Qazigund of Anantnag District. It is located 8 km from its main district Kulgam, and 3 km from its block Qazigund & 20 km from district Anantnag. It is one of the oldest villages in Kashmir Valley. It's among the highly literate villages of valley. Villages that depend on it are churat, sopat, bonigam and many other minor villages.

Jammu-Srinagar National Highway

The Jammu-Srinagar National Highway is the northernmost segment of NH 44 (formerly NH 1A before the renumbering of all national highways). It runs from Srinagar in the Kashmir Valley southward to the city of Jammu.

It is one of the two road links (the other being the Mughal Road) that connects the Kashmir Valley with the rest of India. The traffic on the highway is controlled by two control rooms, one in Srinagar and the other in Jammu.

Jammu Tawi railway station

Jammu Tawi (station code: JAT) is a railway station in Jammu city in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir.

Jammu–Baramulla line

The Jammu–Srinagar–Baramulla railway line is a railway track being laid to connect the Kashmir Valley in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir with Jammu railway station and thence to the rest of the country. The 356 km railway track begins at Jammu and ends at Baramulla. It is in the jurisdiction of the Firozpur railway division of Indian Railways' Northern zone.

Construction of the route faced natural challenges including major earthquake zones, extreme temperatures and inhospitable terrain. The project has had a long and chequered history, and serious progress was made only after it was declared a National Project of India in 2002. Although its scheduled completion date was 15 August 2007, unforeseen complications have pushed back the date several times. The sections from Jammu to Katra and Banihal to Baramulla have been built and are operational. The track from Katra to Banihal is to be completed by 2020.

Jawahar Tunnel

Jawahar Tunnel also called Banihal Tunnel or Banihal Pass is a road tunnel in Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. Named after the first Prime Minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru, it was constructed for round-the-year surface transport between 1954 and 1956. The Jawahar tunnel has been operational since 22 December 1956. The length of tunnel is 2.85 km (1.77 mi). It has one lane road in either direction. It is situated between Banihāl and Qazigund on NH 1A that has been renumbered NH 44. The tunnel facilitates round-the-year road connectivity between Srinagar and Jammu.

The tunnel was renovated by the Border Roads Organization under the project BEACON in 1960. It was designed for 150 vehicles per day in each direction but the number of vehicles is now 7,000 in both directions. After renovation, the tunnel now has a two-way ventilation system, pollution & temperature sensors, lighting system and with emergency phones for any assistance installed from Border Roads Organization.

It is guarded by military round the clock. Photography or videography inside or nearby the tunnel is strictly prohibited. Once the vehicle enters the tunnel, it has to maintain the same speed throughout the tunnel. CCTVs are installed in the tunnel for continuous monitoring.

Until 2009 the tunnel was closed for civilian traffic between midnight and 08:00. It is now open all 24 hours a day.

A new higher capacity, all-weather tunnel (Banihal Qazigund Road Tunnel) has been dug in May 2018 and is expected to reduce the traffic through the Jawahar tunnel when opened for traffic in 2019.

Kishtwar National Park

Kishtwar National Park is a national park located in the Kishtwar district of Jammu and Kashmir, India. It is bounded to the north by Rinnay river, south by Kibar Nala catchment, east by main divide of Great Himalaya and west by Marwa river.

Kulgam

Kulgam is a town, administrative division, and capital of the Kulgam district in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. It is located at a distance of 67 kilometres from the summer state capital of Srinagar. The city is divided into 16 electoral wards that has population of 23,584, of which 12,605 are males while 10,979 are females.

Kulgam district

Kulgam District is a district of the state of Jammu and Kashmir of India. The name is from Sanskrit, kul for 'clan' and gram for 'village'. The district contains the block, tehsil and town of Kulgam.

Kurigam

Kurigam is a village in the Indian state of Jammu & Kashmir. It is the nearest village from main town of Qazigund. It is famous for Sufi saints namely, Hazrat Baba Habib Shah Sahab, Hazrat Baba Mueen shah Sahab and Hazrat Baba sa'd Shah sahab. A shrine is built on the grave of Hazrat Baba Habib Shah Sahab and Hazrat Baba Sa'd Shah Sahab. The grave of Hazrat Baba Mueen Shah Sahab is without a shrine. Whenever a shrine is built, the next day it collapses. Hazrat Baba Habib Shah sahab is Urs is celebrated every year.

Kurigam is the birthplace of Sufi Poet Prakash Ram Bhatt.

Pethbugh

Pethbugh is a village in Shahabad Tehsil in Anantnag District in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. It is located 7 km towards the south from the district headquarters Anantnag and 64 km from the state capital Srinagar. Pethbugh Pin code is 192210 and postal head office is Dialgam. Pethbugh is surrounded by Anantnag Tehsil towards the north, Qazigund Tehsil towards the south, Qaimoh Tehsil towards the west, and Pahloo Tehsil towards the east. Anantnag, Srinagar, Udhampur, and Rajauri are the nearby cities to Pethbugh. This place is in the border of the Anantnag District and Kulgam District.

Pir Panjal Railway Tunnel

The Pir Panjal Railway Tunnel or Banihal railway tunnel is an 11.215 km (7 mile) railway tunnel located in Pir Panjal Range of middle Himalayas in Jammu and Kashmir, India, north of Banihal town. It is a part of the Jammu–Baramulla line.

The north portal of the railway tunnel is at 33.5617942°N 75.1988626°E / 33.5617942; 75.1988626 and its south portal is at 33.463203°N 75.193992°E / 33.463203; 75.193992.

Pir Panjal Range

The Pir Panjal Range (Kashmiri: Pīr Pantsāl Range) is a group of mountains in the Inner Himalayan region, running from east-southeast (ESE) to west-northwest (WNW) across the Indian states of Himachal Pradesh and Jammu and Kashmir and the Pakistani territory of Azad Jammu and Kashmir where the average elevation varies from 1,400 m (4,600 ft) to 4,100 m (13,500 ft). The Himalayas show a gradual elevation towards the Dhauldhar and Pir Panjal ranges. Pir Panjal is the largest range of the lower Himalayas. Near the bank of the Sutlej river, it dissociates itself from the Himalayas and forms a divide between the rivers Beas and Ravi on one side and the Chenab on the other. The renowned Galyat mountains are also located in this range.

Qazigund railway station

Qazigund railway station lies on Northern Railway network zone of Indian Railways. It is the main transport hub for the people of Qazigund.

Quimoh

Quimoh is a town situated between two districts, Kulgam district and Anantnag district, towards North of Dachnipora located in Jammu and Kashmir state of India. The distance between Kulgam and Quimoh is 11 KM where its headquarters are located. It is bounded by Devsar towards west, Anantnag city towards East, Qazigund town towards South, and Kulgam city towards west.

Udhampur railway station

Udhampur railway station is situated in municipal committee of Udhampur, Jammu and Kashmir, India. The average elevation of the station is 660.054 metres (2,165.53 ft) above mean sea level. The rail distance between UHP and JAT is 53 km (33 mi).

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