Putian (Chinese: 莆田) is a prefecture-level city in eastern Fujian province, China. It borders Fuzhou City to the north, Quanzhou City to the south, and the Taiwan Strait's Xinghai Bay to the east.[3] The Mulan River flows through the southern part of the city. It's built-up area made of 4 urban districts was home to 1,953,801 inhabitants as of 2010 census.



Putian Guanghua Si Shijiawenfo Ta 20120302-26
Location of Putian in Fujian
Location of Putian in Fujian
Putian is located in China
Location in China
Coordinates: 25°26′N 119°01′E / 25.433°N 119.017°ECoordinates: 25°26′N 119°01′E / 25.433°N 119.017°E
CountryPeople's Republic of China
 • CPC SecretaryLin Baojin
 • Deputy MayorLi Jianhui
 • Prefecture-level city4,119 km2 (1,590 sq mi)
 • Urban
2,284 km2 (882 sq mi)
 • Metro
2,284 km2 (882 sq mi)
 (2010 census)[1]
 • Prefecture-level city2,778,508
 • Density670/km2 (1,700/sq mi)
 • Urban
 • Urban density860/km2 (2,200/sq mi)
 • Metro
 • Metro density860/km2 (2,200/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
Area code(s)0594
ISO 3166 codeCN-FJ-03
 - TotalCNY 167.0 billion (US$25.70 billion)
 - per capitaCNY 58,596 (US$9,014)
 - GrowthIncrease 14.5%
License Plate Prefixes闽B
Local varietyPuxian Min


Imperial era

Putian was first founded as an administrative area in the year of 568 as a county during the Liang Dynasty.

Putian was later re-established as a military administered city during the Song Dynasty with the stationing of military families and soldiers into the city during the period.

The city greatly prospered during the Ming Dynasty.

Contemporary era

On August 21, 1949, and on August 25, Putian and Xianyou county successively liberated. On September 9, 1983, the State Council approved the establishment of Putian, Putian city is a prefecture-level city have jurisdiction over Putian and Xianyou two counties and Chengxiang Hanjiang two districts.


Putian's municipal executive, legislature and judiciary are in Chengxiang District (城厢区), together with the CPC and Public Security bureaux. The municipal region comprises three other districts and one county:


Languages and ethnic groups

The Han Chinese are the majority ethnic group.

Puxian Min is the largest dialect spoken in Putian. It is a dialect of Min, a Chinese language.


Putian has become an export base for Fujian products. The main industries are shoe-making, brewing, electronics, garments, fruits, vegetables, and machinery, electrical goods.[4] In particular, the area is known for high-quality counterfeits of shoes[5] and the domination of Chinese private healthcare.[6][7]


Meizhou Island, most famous for being the legendary birthplace of the goddess Matsu, is located closely offshore of Putian.

College and universities


  1. ^ a b 莆田市2015年国民经济和社会发展统计公报 (in Chinese). Putian Municipal Statistic Bureau. 2010-02-20. Retrieved 2010-05-03.
  2. ^ 教育部重編國語辭典修訂本. Retrieved 17 August 2019. 字詞 【莆田縣】 注音 ㄆㄨˊ ㄊㄧㄢˊ ㄒㄧㄢˋ 漢語拼音 pú tián xiàn
  3. ^ Litchi City Putian Archived 2011-05-22 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ China today Archived 2007-09-07 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ Schmidle, Nicholas (2010-08-19). "Inside the Knockoff-Tennis-Shoe Factory". New York Times. Retrieved 8 September 2010.
  6. ^ "The Putian phenomenon". Week in China. HSBC. 2014-06-20. Retrieved 5 May 2016.
  7. ^ "Baidu's "moral dilemma" – How a Cancer Case aroused National Attention". China Spoon. 2014-06-20. Retrieved 5 May 2016.

External links

Bulabog Putian National Park

The Bulabog Putian National Park is a protected wildlife and natural park located in the towns of Dingle and San Enrique in the province of Iloilo on the island of Panay in the Western Visayas region. The park covers an area of 854.33 hectares (2,111.1 acres) along a 40 kilometers (25 mi) trail in this rainforest. It was established in 1961 through Proclamation No. 760 signed by President Carlos P. Garcia. The park is known for its unique geological formation and is the only limestone mountain formation in Iloilo. It is also known as the location of the Cry of Lincud which started the Philippine Revolution in Iloilo in 1898.

Cishou Temple

Cishou Temple (simplified Chinese: 慈寿寺; traditional Chinese: 慈壽寺; pinyin: Císhòu Sì), also known as Nangshan Temple or Temple of Mount Nang (囊山寺), is a Buddhist temple located on Mount Nang (囊山), in Putian, Fujian, China.

Guanghua Temple (Putian)

The Guanghua Temple (simplified Chinese: 广化寺; traditional Chinese: 廣化寺; pinyin: Guǎnghuā Sì), also known as the South Mountain Guanghua Temple (南山广寺), is a Buddhist temple located at the foot of Mount Phoenix (凤凰山), about 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) south of Putian City, Fujian Province, People's Republic of China.

Built in the penultimate year of the Southern Chen Dynasty (588 CE), it is one of the most influential Chinese Buddhism temples in China as well as one of the most scenic visitor attractions in Fujian Province.

Guangxiao Temple (Putian)

Guangxiao Temple (Chinese: 光孝寺; pinyin: Guāngxiào Sì) is a Buddhist temple located in Chengxiang District of Putian, Fujian, China. It has been burned down and rebuilt a member of times, due to the natural disasters and wars. The present version was completed in the 1980s. Alongside Guanghua Temple, Guishan Temple and Nangshan Temple, it is hailed as one of the "Four Famous Buddhist Temples in Puyang".

Hanjiang District, Putian

Hanjiang (Chinese: 涵江; pinyin: Hánjiāng) is a district of Putian, Fujian province, People's Republic of China. It ranges in latitude from 25°23' to 25° 27'N and longitude from 119° 04' to 119°10'E. It is located in the middle of the Fujian coast, bordering the Taiwan Strait to the east, south to "triangle of the gold austral Fujian".

Hinghwa Romanized

Hinghwa Romanized, also known as Hing-hua̍ báⁿ-uā-ci̍ (興化平話字) or Báⁿ-uā-ci̍ (平話字), is a Latin alphabet of the Putian dialect of Pu-Xian Chinese. It was invented by William N. Brewster (蒲魯士), an American Methodist pioneer missionary in Hinghwa (modern Putian) in 1890.

Licheng District, Putian

Licheng District is an urban district of Putian on the central coast of Fujian Province, China.

List of administrative divisions of Fujian

Fujian is a province of China, with the vast majority administered by the People's Republic of China (PRC), and the offshore islands of Kinmen (Jinmen/Quemoy) and Matsu (Mazu) administered by the Republic of China (ROC) on Taiwan.

The PRC-administered Fujian province is made up of the following three levels of administrative division.

All of these administrative divisions are explained in greater detail at Administrative divisions of the People's Republic of China. This chart lists only prefecture-level and county-level divisions of Fujian as given by the PRC.

For the list of township-level divisions within each county, see List of township-level divisions of Fujian.

Murder of Huang Na

Huang Na (Chinese: 黄娜; pinyin: Huáng Nà, 26 September 1996 – 10 October 2004) was an eight-year-old Chinese national living at the Pasir Panjang Wholesale Centre in Singapore, who disappeared on 10 October 2004. Her mother, the police and the community conducted a three-week-long nationwide search for her. After her body was found, many Singaporeans attended her wake and funeral, giving bai jin (contributions towards funeral expenses) and gifts. In a high-profile 14-day trial, Malaysian-born Took Leng How (卓良豪; Zhuó Liángháo), a vegetable packer at the wholesale centre, was found guilty of murdering her and hanged after an appeal and a request for presidential clemency failed.

Pu-Xian Min

Puxian (Hinghwa Romanized: Pó-sing-gṳ̂/莆仙語; simplified Chinese: 莆仙话; traditional Chinese: 莆仙話; pinyin: Púxiānhuà), also known as Pu-Xian Chinese, Puxian Min, Xinghua or Hinghwa (Hing-hua̍-gṳ̂/興化語; simplified Chinese: 兴化语; traditional Chinese: 興化語; pinyin: Xīnghuàyǔ), is a branch of Min Chinese.

Puxian is spoken mostly in Fujian province, particularly in Putian city and Xianyou County (after which it is named), parts of Fuzhou, and parts of Quanzhou. It is also widely used as the mother tongue in Wuqiu Township, Kinmen County, Fujian Province, Republic of China (Taiwan). More than 2000 people in Shacheng, Fuding in northern Fujian also speak Puxian. There are minor differences between the dialects of Putian and Xianyou.

Overseas populations of Puxian speakers exist in Malaysia, Indonesia and Singapore. Speakers of Puxian are also known as Henghua, Hinghua, or Xinghua.

Putian University

Putian University (Chinese: 莆田学院; pinyin: Pútián Xué Yuán) is a public university located in Putian, Fujian, China.

Putian West railway station

Putianxi (Putian West) railway station (Chinese: 圃田西站) is a goods station in Guancheng Hui District, Zhengzhou, Henan. Located on the Longhai Railway, the station is one of the largest freight train stations in China.

Putian dialect

Putian dialect (Pu-Xian Min: Pó-chéng-uā / 莆田話) is a dialect of Pu-Xian Min Chinese spoken in urban area of Putian, which is a prefecture-level city in the southeast coast of Fujian province.

Putian people

The Putian people, (Chinese: 莆田人, pinyin: Pútiánrén; Puxian Min: 莆仙儂, Hinghwa Romanized: Pó-sing-náng) also known as Henghua or Hinghwa, are Han Chinese people from Putian, part of Fujian Province, China. They speak Puxian Min, a Min language. Min is one of the Sinitic languages.

They may also be referred to as Xinghua. Hing Hua district was carved out from Quanzhou district during the Song dynasty and was given the name HingHua. Putianese people originated from Guāng Prefecture (光州) in what is now Xinyang, Henan province and migrated to the present day area of Putian many centuries ago. Putianese people were said to be mostly in charge of religious affair during that era, and migrated to Fujian after the civil war.They are referred to as Henghua in Malaysia.Today, there are significantly large Henghua diaspora communities throughout Southeast Asia, especially in Malaysia where they can be found in cities such as Kuala Terengganu and Kuching. In Indonesia, most Henghua live in Java and since long have been known for their businesses that mainly related with bicycle and transportation vehicles.

Putian railway station

Putian railway station (Chinese: 莆田站) is a railway station located in Putian, Fujian Province, China, on the Fuzhou-Xiamen Railway. The station is operated by the Nanchang Railway Bureau, China Railway Corporation.

Puxian opera

Puxian opera (traditional Chinese: 莆仙戲; simplified Chinese: 莆仙戏), also known as Xinghua opera (traditional Chinese: 興化戲; simplified Chinese: 兴化戏) or Hinghwa opera, is a variety of Chinese opera from Putian, Fujian province, China. It enjoys a good popularity in Putian, but is endangered just like Puxian Min and other Chinese operas.

Sanyi teaching

The Harmonious Church of the Three-in-One (三一教协会), or Sanyiism (三一教) and Xiaism (夏教), is a Chinese folk religious sect of Confucian character founded in the 16th century by Lin Zhao'en, in Putian. In 2011 it was officially recognised by the government of Fujian.The religion is based on Confucian moral ideas and ancestral worship, and includes meditation techniques modeled after neidan and pursuit of enlightenment. Differently from other Chinese folk religious sects, the Sanyi philosophy is not expounded in the sentimental vernacular language but in the elaborate language of the Confucian literary tradition. The "Three in One" is a philosophical concept expressing the original trinity proceeding from the Tao, the two principles, yin and yang, of the Great Pole. The Great Pole is the One that contains yin and yang, the Two, in the Three.

Xiangtang–Putian railway

Xiangtang–Putian railway or Xiangpu railway (simplified Chinese: 向莆铁路; traditional Chinese: 向莆鐵路; pinyin: xiàngpǔ tiělù), is a Class I high-speed railway in eastern China linking Nanchang and Fúzhou (福州), the provincial capitals, respectively, of Jiangxi and Fujian Province. The line is named after Xiangtang, a township south of Nanchang, which was originally slated to serve as a terminus, and Putian, on the coast of Fujian, at which the southern branch of the Xiangpu railway terminates. The line actually begins at the Lehua East Station, a rail junction for the Beijing–Kowloon and Nanchang–Jiujiang intercity railways north of Nanchang. The line heads south to Nanchang West Railway Station and bypasses Xiangtang on its way to Fǔzhou (抚州). After entering Fujian, the line forks at Yongtai with the northern fork heading to Fúzhou (福州) and the southern fork going to Putian. The Nanchang to Yongtai section of the line plus the northern fork to Fuzhou is officially named the Nanchang–Fuzhou or Changfu railway. The southern fork is officially named the Yongtai–Putian or Yongpu railway.Including both forks, the Xiangpu has a total length of 635.9 km (395 mi) with 24 stations. Construction of the line began on October 1, 2008 and required investments of about Y51.6 billion. The line opened on September 26, 2013. The Xiangtang–Putian railway can accommodate trains running at speeds of up to 200 km/h (124 mph) and serves as a major trunkline in China's railway network. Major cities and towns along route include Nanchang, Fǔzhou (抚州), Nancheng and Nanfeng in Jiangxi and Jianning, Taining, Jiangle, Sha County, Youxi, Yongtai, Fúzhou (福州) and Putian in Fujian.

Yang Jinzong

Yang Jinzong (Chinese: 杨锦宗; 25 August 1932 – 29 December 2008) was a Chinese chemical engineer who specialized in fine chemicals. He was a professor of the Dalian University of Technology and an academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering.

Standard Mandarin
Hanyu PinyinPútián[2]
Southern Min
Hokkien POJPhô͘-chhân
Eastern Min
Fuzhou BUCPuò-dièng
Pu-Xian Min
Hinghwa BUCPó-chéng
Climate data for Putian (1981−2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 27.0
Average high °C (°F) 16.5
Daily mean °C (°F) 12.5
Average low °C (°F) 10.0
Record low °C (°F) 1.5
Average precipitation mm (inches) 37.0
Average relative humidity (%) 70 74 74 76 76 81 76 77 71 65 65 67 73
Source: China Meteorological Data Service Center
Fujian topics
Visitor attractions
Sub-provincial city


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