Pusa is a genus of the earless seals, within the family Phocidae. The three species of this genus were split from the genus Phoca, and some sources still give Phoca as an acceptable synonym for Pusa.

The three species in this genus are found in Arctic and subarctic regions, as well as around the Caspian Sea. This includes these countries and regions: Russia, Scandinavia, Britain, Greenland, Canada, the United States, Iran, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, and Japan. Due to changing local environmental conditions, the ringed seals found in the Canadian region has varied patterns of growth. The northern Canadian ringed seals grow slowly to a larger size, while the southern seals grow quickly to a smaller size.

Only the Caspian seal is endangered.

Baikal seal 200507 hakone japan
Baikal seal
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Clade: Pinnipedia
Family: Phocidae
Tribe: Phocini
Genus: Pusa
Scopoli, 1771

Pusa caspica
Pusa hispida
Pusa sibirica


Image Scientific name Common Name Distribution
Pusa caspica – (Gmelin, 1788) Caspian seal Caspian Sea
Pusa hispida hispida NOAA 1 Pusa hispida – (Schreber, 1775) Ringed seal northern coast of Japan in the Pacific, and throughout the North Atlantic coasts of Greenland and Scandinavia as far south as Newfoundland, and include two freshwater subspecies in northern Europe
Baikal-seal 4747-pho Pusa sibirica – Gmelin, 1788 Baikal seal or nerpa Lake Baikal in Siberia, Russia



ringed seal

Baikal seal

Caspian seal

Cladogram showing relationships among the extant members of genus Pusa, combining several phylogenetic analyses.[1]


  1. ^ Berta, A.; Churchill, M. (2012). "Pinniped taxonomy: Review of currently recognized species and subspecies, and evidence used for their description". Mammal Review. 42 (3): 207–34. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2907.2011.00193.x.
  • Ferguson, Steven H.; et al. (2018). "Geographic Variation in Ringed Seal (Pusa Hispida) Growth Rate and Body Size". Canadian Journal of Zoology. 96 (7): 649–659. doi:10.1139/cjz-2017-0213.
Baikal seal

The Baikal seal, Lake Baikal seal or nerpa (Pusa sibirica), is a species of earless seal endemic to Lake Baikal in Siberia, Russia. Like the Caspian seal, it is related to the Arctic ringed seal. The Baikal seal is one of the smallest true seals and the only exclusively freshwater pinniped species. A subpopulation of inland harbour seals living in the Hudson's Bay region of Quebec, Canada (lac de loups marins harbour seals), the Saimaa ringed seal (a ringed seal subspecies) and the Ladoga seal (a ringed seal subspecies) are found in fresh water, but these are part of species that also have marine populations.The most recent population estimates are 80,000 to 100,000 animals, roughly equaling the expected carrying capacity of the lake. At present, the species is not considered threatened, despite hunting (both legal and illegal) and pollution of the lake.

Betong Division

Betong Division, formed on 26 March 2002, is one of the twelve administrative divisions in Sarawak, Malaysia. Formerly part of Sri Aman Division, Betong is in the Saribas area. It has a total area of 4,180.8 square kilometres, and is the smallest of the administrative divisions of Sarawak.

Saribas is famous for its Iban longhouses and is regarded as the center for Iban culture. It was annexed to Sarawak by Rajah James Brooke, after his victory over the Sekrang and Saribas Iban at the Battle of Beting Maru on 31 July 1849.

Betong Division contains two administrative districts: Betong and Saratok. The total population is 99,800. The population is culturally mixed, with the majority Iban interacting well with the Malay and Chinese in almost all spheres of activity since the pre-colonial days.

In Sarawak, Betong has the most number of administrative sub-districts. The sub-districts under Betong district are Pusa, Spaoh, Debak and Meludam, while those under Saratok district are Roban, Kabong and Budu.


In Buddhism, a Bodhisattva ( BOH-dee-SUT-və) is any person who is on the path towards Buddhahood but has not yet attained it.

In the Early Buddhist schools as well as modern Theravada Buddhism, a bodhisattva (Pali: bodhisatta) refers to anyone who has made a resolution to become a Buddha and has also received a confirmation or prediction from a living Buddha that this will be so.In Mahayana Buddhism, a bodhisattva refers to anyone who has generated bodhicitta, a spontaneous wish and compassionate mind to attain Buddhahood for the benefit of all sentient beings.

Caspian seal

The Caspian seal (Pusa caspica) is one of the smallest members of the earless seal family and unique in that it is found exclusively in the brackish Caspian Sea. They are found not only along the shorelines, but also on the many rocky islands and floating blocks of ice that dot the Caspian Sea. In winter, and cooler parts of the spring and autumn season, these marine mammals populate the Northern Caspian. As the ice melts in the warmer season, they can be found on the mouths of the Volga and Ural Rivers, as well as the southern latitudes of the Caspian where cooler waters can be found due to greater depth.

Evidence suggests the seals are descended from Arctic ringed seals that reached the area from the north during an earlier part of the Quaternary period and became isolated in the landlocked Caspian Sea when continental ice sheets melted.


Debak is a very small town and a sub-district in the Betong division of Sarawak, Malaysia. It lies approximately 120 kilometres (75 mi) east of the state capital Kuching.

It is a small town which consists of a few bazaars. Most of Debak's population is made of Iban, Malays and a few Chinese living close to the bazaar. Debak is surrounded by Pusa, Spaoh and Maludam.

Dr. Rajendra Prasad Central Agriculture University

Dr. Rajendra Prasad Central Agriculture University, formerly Rajendra Agricultural University, is an agriculture university located in Pusa, Samastipur district, Bihar.

Inder Puri

Inder Puri (officially 'Indrapuri') a fairly small, self-contained residential colony located in the central-south part of New Delhi. It lies between Naraina and New Rajinder Nagar area and is an upscale neighborhood. Inderpuri has some of the wealthiest families residing, generally around A, B, C, R, EA and RA blocks. It is located next to the renowned Pusa Institute.

The area has a bus stop, retail shopping outlets, and various parks. It is well-known colony as it is close to shopping hubs such as Karol Bagh, and Rajouri Garden. It itself has a commercial area where one would get almost all household consumables and appliances. It has its own police station, post office, market, various banks branches and ATMs and multiple places of religious worship like temples, gurudwaras and a church.

With the expansion of Delhi towards west with Rohini and south with Dwarka, Inderpuri now actually falls right in the heart of Delhi. It is evident from the fact that Inderpuri now falls under the New Delhi Lok Sabha Parliamentary constituency, the most important parliamentary seat in India in terms of national significance. Inderpuri falls under the Rajinder Nagar assembly constituency. It is very close to the domestic airport, as well as to the New Delhi railway station plus also close to South Delhi areas like Safdarjung Enclave, Lajpat Nagar, South Extension and Greater Kailash. Inderpuri is also very close to Major hospitals like Sir Ganga Ram Hospital and BL Kapur Memorial hospital on Pusa Road. All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Army Base hospital and the Safdarjung hospital are also not far from Inderpuri. The area has a small railway station as well on the Delhi Ring Railway. Indian Bank Officers quarters is there in Inderpuri C Block.

One of the best parts about this locality is that its very accessible and in the city heart but is still very pollution free and relatively cooler throughout the year because it is surrounded by 3 large green tracts namely 1) Delhi cantonment 2) Pusa institute and 3) Delhi ridge on third side. A good but unexplored tourist spot nearby is the Delhi War Cemetery. Inderpuri has two Mariamman temples (South Indian), Murgan/kartik temple (South Indian), Arya Samaj Mandir, a Sanatan Dharm Mandir, two shiv temples, one hanuman mandir, one gurudwara and one church. It has four large parks namely Veer Ravindra kaura park, D Park, C park and Shastri Park

Indian Agricultural Research Institute

The Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI), commonly known as the Pusa Institute, is India's national Institute for agricultural research, education and extension. The name Pusa Institute is derived from the fact that the institute was originally located in Pusa Bihar as the Imperial Institute of Agricultural Research in 1911. It was then renamed as the Imperial Agricultural Research Institute in 1919 and following a major earthquake in Pusa, it was relocated to Delhi in 1936. The current institute in Delhi is financed and administered by the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR). The IARI was responsible for the research leading to the "Green Revolution in India" of the 1970s.

Khudiram Bose Pusa railway station

Khudiram Bose Pusa station is a two platform station located in Samastipur district, Bihar, India with zero originating trains. It is 72 kilometres (45 mi) away from Patna Airport and 13 km (8.1 mi) from Samastipur Junction. Elevation is 52 metres (171 ft) above sea level and the station is in East Central zone (ECR) and comes under Sonpur division.

The station was named after the youngest revolutionary Khudiram Bose who was caught by two armed constables.He reached the station after covering 25 km (16 mi) distance walking barefoot after bombing the carriage of Kingsford. The bomb hit its target successfully and the carriage blew up. However, the carriage was occupied not by Kingsford but instead by the wife and daughter of barrister Pringle Kennedy, a leading pleader of Muzaffarpur Bar.


Mañjuśrī is a bodhisattva associated with prajñā (insight) in Mahayana Buddhism. In Tibetan Buddhism, he is also a yidam. His name means "Gentle Glory"(Chinese:妙吉祥, 妙乐) in Sanskrit. Mañjuśrī is also known by the fuller name of Mañjuśrīkumārabhūta, literally "Mañjuśrī, Still a Youth" or, less literally, "Prince Mañjuśrī". Other deity name of Mañjuśrī is Manjughosha.

Pusa, Sarawak

Pusa is a town, in Betong Division, Sarawak, Malaysia. It is situated nearby Saratok town. Mostly form for native Malay for fish village and famous of fish of "ikan terubok" (Toli shad) and also famous for "gula apong" (palm sugar).

Pusa 1121 rice

Pusa 1121 is an essentially derived variety evolved through the process of hybridization over a long breeding process. The variety of basmati rice was developed by Padma Shri awardee Vijaypal Singh and his student Ashok Kumar Sarial. This variety of rice is known for its extraordinary kernel (grain) length, which can be as much as 8.2 millimetres (0.32 in) for a single grain, the longest-ever known released cultivar in the world. It has very high kernel elongation ratio ranging from 2 to 2.5, i.e. length of cooked rice kernel/length of uncooked kernel. When cooked, the rice does not turn sticky, possesses minimum breadth-wise expansion, and is aromatic with intermediate alkali-spreading value and amylose content.

It was developed by the Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI) and released for commercial cultivation in kharif season of 2003. By 2007, the variety has become widely popular with farmers, as Pusa-1121 is photo-insensitive, requires less water, matures early and yields 19–20 quintals of paddy per acre as compared to 9–10 quintals for traditional tall basmati.As of 2013 Pusa Basamti 1121 had spread over 84% of the total basmati area in Punjab, 78% in Western Uttar Pradesh, 68% in Haryana, 30% in Uttrakhand, 8% in Jammu and Kashmisr and grown over a 1000-ha area in hill state of Himachal Pradesh. It is an important export commodity. Its export has enhanced India's annual basmati foreign exchange earning from Rs 5000 crores in 2009 to Rs 27597.87 crores in 2014–15 (Source: DGCIS Annual Export). Pusa 1121 has major share of ~70%.

Puša Parish

Puša parish (Latvian: Pušas pagasts) is an administrative unit of the Rēzekne Municipality, Latvia.

Ringed seal

The ringed seal (Pusa hispida or Phoca hispida), also known as the jar seal, as netsik or nattiq by the Inuit and as Ньиэрпэ by the Yakut, is an earless seal (family: Phocidae) inhabiting the Arctic and sub-Arctic regions. The ringed seal is a relatively small seal, rarely greater than 1.5 m in length, with a distinctive patterning of dark spots surrounded by light grey rings, hence its common name. It is the most abundant and wide-ranging ice seal in the Northern Hemisphere: ranging throughout the Arctic Ocean, into the Bering Sea and Okhotsk Sea as far south as the northern coast of Japan in the Pacific, and throughout the North Atlantic coasts of Greenland and Scandinavia as far south as Newfoundland, and include two freshwater subspecies in northern Europe. Ringed seals are one of the primary prey of polar bears and killer whales, and have long been a component of the diet of indigenous people of the Arctic.

Saimaa ringed seal

The Saimaa ringed seal (Pusa hispida saimensis, Finnish: Saimaannorppa) is a subspecies of ringed seal (Pusa hispida). They are among the most endangered seals in the world, having a total population of only about 390 individuals. The only existing population of these seals is found in Lake Saimaa, Finland (hence the name). They have lived in complete isolation from other ringed seal species for around 9,500 years and have diverged into a morphologically and ecologically different subspecies of ringed seal. The population is descended from ringed seals that were separated from the rest when the land rose after the last ice age. This seal, along with the Ladoga seal and the Baikal seal, is one of the few living freshwater seals.

San Martín de Pusa

San Martín de Pusa is a municipality located in the province of Toledo, Castile-La Mancha, Spain. According to the 2006 census (INE), the municipality has a population of 825 inhabitants.

Santa Ana de Pusa

Santa Ana de Pusa is a municipality located in the province of Toledo, Castile-La Mancha, Spain. According to the 2006 census (INE), the municipality has a population of 411 inhabitants.

The Presidents of the United States of America (band)

The Presidents of the United States of America (occasionally referred to as PUSA, The Presidents or Pot USA) were an American alternative rock power trio band. The band formed in Seattle, Washington, in 1993, and disbanded in 2016. The three-piece group consisted of vocalist and "basitarist" Chris Ballew, drummer and vocalist Jason Finn with "guitbassist" and vocalist Andrew McKeag. "Guitbassist" and vocalist Dave Dederer was a member of the band for eleven years before leaving in 2004. The band released six studio albums during its twenty-three-year existence.


Ākāśagarbha Bodhisattva or Akasagarbha Bodhisattva (Chinese: 虛空藏菩薩; pinyin: Xūkōngzàng Púsà; Japanese pronunciation: Kokūzō Bosatsu; Korean: 허공장보살; romaja: Heogongjang Bosal, Standard Tibetan Namkha'i Nyingpo, Vietnamese Hư Không Tạng Bồ Tát) is a bodhisattva who is associated with the great element (mahābhūta) of space (ākāśa). He is also sometimes called Gaganagañja, which means "sky-jewel."

Extant Carnivora species

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.