Purushottam K. Chauhan

Purushottam K. Chauhan (1905–1958) was a freedom fighter, coal mines owner, social leader, labor activist and politician from Dhanbad, India.

Purushottam K. Chauhan
Reha, Cutch, British India
Bombay, India
Other namesPurusottam Chauhan / P. K. Chauhan / Purushottam Khimji Chauhan
OccupationCoal miner, politician & leader
Known forIndependence activist, Labor leader, politician


He was born in 1905 in his native village called Reha in Kutch.[1] His father Khimji Walji Chauhan was a Railway Contractor belonging to Mestri community of Kutch. In the year 1916,[1] Khimji Walji & Company was started in partnership with Seth Khora Ramji Chawda, which owned the Indian Jharia Colliery at Tisra.[1][2][3] After death of his father in 1936, he became Senior & Managing Partner of the coal mining firm.[1]

He was highly influenced by ideals of Mahatma Gandhi when he was studying Law in Calcutta and joined Indian independence movement. He led the rally in Quit India Movement on 17 August 1942 at Dhanbad, which was broken up by lathicharge and a continent of anti-aircraft gunners was sent from Asansol under Captain Ellis to control the activist.[4] Chauhan along with other student leaders like P. C. Bose were arrested by British and sent to jail.[1][3][4]Bose and Chauhan were both student leaders from Dhanbad, while P. C. Bose after independence was Member of Parliament from Dhanbad for years 1951–57 and 1957–62, where as P. K. Chauhan became the Member of Legislative Assembly of Bihar from Dhanbad for same period.[1]

In the year 1947 he attended 30th session of International Labour Conference held at Geneva from 19 June to 11 July 1947 as an employers delegate; where-in he was appointed as substitute to Resolutions Committee headed by Naval Tata[5] Again in 1948, he attended 31st International Labour Conference held in San Francisco, United States of America, from 17 June 1948 to 10 July 1948. He attended conference as a Member of Legislative Assembly of Bihar, who was appointed as an Advisory member and also as a representative of Government of India to the delegation. This year also he was one of the advisers to the delegation and also appointed as substitute to Naval Tata in resolutions committee.[6]

After independence of India, he became a Member of Bihar Legislative Assembly as a candidate of Indian National Congress, twice in 1948 and 1952, defeating strong opponents like, the Raja of Jharia (Raja Kali Prasad Singh) and the Raja of Ramgarh (Raja Bahadur Kamakhya Narain Singh) in respective years.[7][8][9]

He was a champion of labour cause and in spite of himself being owner of coal mines, was so popular that he went on to become the President of Jharia Coalfields Mazdoor Sangh, i.e., Labour Union of Jharia Coalfiedls, a unit of Bharatiya Mazdoor Sangh for the years 1955–56.[1][3][4]

He was a good orator and was applauded by Dr. Rajendra Prasad for his exemplary and compassionate speech on bringing the Abolition of Zamindari Act. He was closely associated with other politicians from Bihar like, Sri Krishna Sinha, Dr. Rajendra Prasad, Anugrah Narayan Sinha and Satyendra Narayan Sinha.[3][10]

He died suddenly due to heart attack at the age of 53 in the year 1958 in Bombay.[1]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Diary of Golden Days at Jharia – A Memoir & History of Gurjar Kashtriya Samaj of Kutch in Coalfields of Jharia – written by Natwarlal Devram Jethwa of Calcutta (1998).pp: 27 : Life sketch : Khimji Walji Chauhan of Reha and Purushottam K. Chauhan
  2. ^ Khimji Walji & Co. There are two partners Khimji Walji with 10 annas share and Khora Ramji with 6 annas share.
  3. ^ a b c d Nanji Bapa ni Nondh-pothi by Dharsi Jethalal Tank published in Gujarati language in year 1999 from Vadodara. This book was given Aank Sidhhi Award by Kutch Shakti at Mumbai in year 2000. pp:13 Pursuhottam Khimji Chauhan – Jeevan Charitra
  4. ^ a b c Bihar district gazetteers, Volume 12 by Bihar (India), Pranab Chandra Roy Choudhury Printed by the Superintendant, Secretariat Press, Bihar, 1964:pp 77
  5. ^ Bulletins of Indian Industries and Labour, Issues 78–79. India. Dept. of Labour. 1947. pp. 4, 170.
  6. ^ Record of proceedings -International Labour Conference, Volume 30. International Labour Office, League of Nations. 1948. pp. xxiii, xxxiii, xxxvii.
  7. ^ India, a reference annual. Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Government of India,. 1958. p. 431.
  8. ^ "Dhanbad :List of MLA's from 1952 to 1972". Dhanbad District Official Website. Retrieved 22 June 2012.
  9. ^ Legislatures and Indian democracy: a procedural study of questions in Bihar Legislative Assembly, 1952–62
  10. ^ Dr. Rajendra Prasad, correspondence and select documents: Volume seventeen. Presidency period January 1954 to December 1955 by Rajendra Prasad Printed Allied, 1984 pp:496,498

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