The Pulitzer Prize for Investigative Reporting has been awarded since 1953, under one name or another, for a distinguished example of investigative reporting by an individual or team, presented as a single article or series in print journalism. The Pulitzer Prize is only given to journalists whose works have appeared in US newspapers, drastically limiting the number of journalists and scope of investigative reporting that may be awarded. It is administered by the Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism in New York City.
From 1953 through 1963, the category was known as the Pulitzer Prize for Local Reporting, No Edition Time. From 1964 to 1984, it was known as the Pulitzer Prize for Local Investigative Specialized Reporting.
The Pulitzer Committee issues an official citation explaining the reasons for the award.
Pulitzer Prize for Local Reporting, No Edition Time
1955: Roland Kenneth Towery, Cuero Record (Texas), "for his series of articles exclusively exposing a scandal in the administration of the Veterans' Land Program in Texas. This 32-year-old World War II veteran, a former prisoner of the Japanese, made these irregularities a state-wide and subsequently a national issue, and stimulated state action to rectify conditions in the land program."
1958:George Beveridge, Evening Star (Washington, D.C.), "for his excellent and thought-provoking series, "Metro, City of Tomorrow," describing in depth the urban problems of Washington, D.C., which stimulated widespread public consideration of these problems and encouraged further studies by both public and private agencies."
1959:John Harold Brislin, Scranton Tribune and Scrantonian, "for displaying courage, initiative and resourcefulness in his effective four-year campaign to halt labor violence in his home city, as a result of which ten corrupt union officials were sent to jail and a local union was embolden to clean out racketeering elements."
1960:Miriam Ottenberg, Evening Star (Washington, D.C.), "for a series of seven articles exposing a used-car racket in Washington, D.C., that victimized many unwary buyers. The series led to new regulations to protect the public and served to alert other communities to such sharp practices."
1961:Edgar May, Buffalo Evening News, "for his series of articles on New York State's public welfare services entitled, Our Costly Dilemma, based in part on his three-month employment as a state case worker. The series brought about reforms that attracted nationwide attention."
1962:George Bliss, Chicago Tribune, "for his initiative in uncovering scandals in the Metropolitan Sanitary District of Greater Chicago, with resultant remedial action."
1963:Oscar Griffin Jr., Pecos Independent and Enterprise, "who as editor initiated the exposure of the Billie Sol Estes scandal and thereby brought a major fraud on the United States government to national attention with resultant investigation, prosecution and conviction of Estes."
Pulitzer Prize for Local Investigative Specialized Reporting
1964: James V. Magee, Albert V. Gaudiosi and Frederick Meyer, Philadelphia Bulletin, "for their expose of numbers racket operations with police collusion in South Philadelphia, which resulted in arrests and a cleanup of the police department."
1965: Gene Goltz, Houston Post, "for his expose of government corruption Pasadena, Texas, which resulted in widespread reforms."
1966: John Anthony Frasca, Tampa Tribune, "for his investigation and reporting of two robberies that resulted in the freeing of an innocent man."
1967:Gene Miller, Miami Herald, "for initiative and investigative reporting that helped to free two persons wrongfully convicted of murder."
1971: William Jones, Chicago Tribune, "for exposing collusion between police and some of Chicago's largest private ambulance companies to restrict service in low income areas, leading to major reforms."
1984: Kenneth Cooper, Joan Fitz Gerald, Jonathan Kaufman, Norman Lockman, Gary McMillan, Kirk Scharfenberg and David Wessel, Boston Globe, "for their series examining race relations in Boston, a notable exercise in public service that turned a searching gaze on some the city's most honored institutions including the Globe itself."
Pulitzer Prize for Investigative Reporting
1985:Lucy Morgan and Jack Reed, St. Petersburg Times (Florida), "for their thorough reporting on Pasco County Sheriff John Short, which revealed his department's corruption and led to his removal from office by voters."
1985: William K. Marimow, The Philadelphia Inquirer, "for his revelation that city police dogs had attacked more than 350 people - an exposure that led to investigations of the K-9 unit and the removal of a dozen officers from it."
2002:Sari Horwitz, Scott Higham, and Sarah Cohen, The Washington Post, "for a series that exposed the District of Columbia's role in the neglect and death of 229 children placed in protective care between 1993 and 2000, which prompted an overhaul of the city's child welfare system."
2003:Clifford J. Levy, The New York Times, "for his vivid, brilliantly written series 'Broken Homes' that exposed the abuse of mentally ill adults in state-regulated homes."
2007:Brett Blackledge of The Birmingham News, "for his exposure of cronyism and corruption in the state's two-year college system, resulting in the dismissal of the chancellor and other corrective action."
2009:David Barstow of The New York Times, for his tenacious reporting that revealed how some retired generals, working as radio and television analysts, had been co-opted by the Pentagon to make its case for the war in Iraq, and how many of them also had undisclosed ties to companies that benefited from policies they defended."
2010:Barbara Laker and Wendy Ruderman of the Philadelphia Daily News and Sheri Fink of ProPublica, in collaboration with The New York Times Magazine. Laker and Ruderman won for "their resourceful reporting that exposed a rogue police narcotics squad, resulting in an FBI probe and the review of hundreds of criminal cases tainted by the scandal", Fink for "a story that chronicles the urgent life-and-death decisions made by one hospital’s exhausted doctors when they were cut off by the floodwaters of Hurricane Katrina."
2011:Paige St. John of the Sarasota Herald-Tribune, "for her examination of weaknesses in the murky property-insurance system vital to Florida homeowners, providing handy data to assess insurer reliability and stirring regulatory action."
2012: (Two winning newspapers) Matt Apuzzo, Adam Goldman, Eileen Sullivan and Chris Hawley of the Associated Press, "for their spotlighting of the New York Police Department’s clandestine spying program that monitored daily life in Muslim communities, resulting in congressional calls for a federal investigation, and a debate over the proper role of domestic intelligence gathering," and Michael J. Berens and Ken Armstrong of The Seattle Times, "for their investigation of how a little known governmental body in Washington State moved vulnerable patients from safer pain-control medication to methadone, a cheaper but more dangerous drug, coverage that prompted statewide health warnings."
2015: (Two winners) Eric Lipton of The New York Times "for reporting that showed how the influence of lobbyists can sway congressional leaders and state attorneys general, slanting justice toward the wealthy and connected" and The Wall Street Journal staff "for 'Medicare Unmasked,' a pioneering project that gave Americans unprecedented access to previously confidential data on the motivations and practices of their health care providers."The Wall Street Journal team included John Carreyrou, Chris Stewart, Rob Barry, Tom McGinty, Martin Burch, Jon Keegan and Stuart Thompson.
2019: Matt Hamilton, Harriet Ryan and Paul Pringle of the Los Angeles Times "for consequential reporting on a University of Southern California gynecologist accused of violating hundreds of young women for more than a quarter-century." 
Albert Lawrence Delugach (October 27, 1925 – January 4, 2015) was an American Pulitzer Prize-winning reporter. He began his career with The Kansas City Star in 1951. He retired from his last newspaper, the Los Angeles Times, in 1989. In 1969, he shared the Pulitzer Prize for Investigative Reporting with fellow reporter Denny Walsh of the St. Louis Globe-Democrat for their campaign exposing corruption within a St. Louis labor union . In 1984, he shared the Gerald Loeb Award for Spot News for their coverage of the death of gold trader Alan D. Saxon.Delugach died of mesothelioma in January 2015 in Los Feliz, Los Angeles. He was 89.
Anthony Cormier is an award-winning American journalist with BuzzFeed News, and formerly with the Tampa Bay Times and the Sarasota Herald-Tribune. Cormier was a co-recipient of the 2016 Pulitzer Prize for Investigative Reporting.
Clifford J. Levy (born June 15, 1967 in New Rochelle, New York) is an investigative journalist for The New York Times.Levy is a graduate of New Rochelle High School and Princeton University in 1989.
He was a reporter for the New York bureau of United Press International.
In 1990, he joined The New York Times as a news assistant, and was promoted to reporter in 1992.
He served as chief of the Albany bureau as a political reporter, City Hall correspondent and Newark correspondent. Since 2000, he had been a special projects reporter for the Times' Metro desk.
In 2003, he won the Pulitzer Prize for investigative reporting.
In 2002, he wrote a series "Broken Homes" on the abuse of mentally ill adults in state-regulated homes.
He broke the story on New York State Medicaid fraud in 2005.From 2007 to 2011, Levy was the Times 's Moscow bureau chief. He received his second Pulitzer Prize in 2011 in the category of International Reporting for his reporting on corruption in Russia in cooperation with Ellen Barry. The jury awarded their "dogged reporting that put a human face on the faltering justice system in Russia, remarkably influencing the discussion inside the country.". Shortly before, in March 2011, Levy was named deputy editor of The New York Times's Metro section.
Gary Cohn (born in Brooklyn) is a Pulitzer Prize–winning investigative reporter and adjunct professor at the University of Southern California Annenberg School for Communication and Journalism. With Will Englund, he won the 1998 Pulitzer Prize for Investigative Reporting.
He has been a Pulitzer finalist on two other occasions and has won numerous additional journalism awards, including the 1997 George Polk Award, an Investigative Reporting & Editors (IRE) gold medal, two Selden Ring awards for investigative journalism, and two Overseas Press Club awards.
Jake Hooker (October 27, 1973 Newton, Massachusetts) is an American journalist and recipient of the 2008 Pulitzer Prize for Investigative Reporting and the Gerald Loeb Award for Large Newspapers for investigations done while in China over concerns with how dangerous and poisonous pharmaceutical ingredients from China have flowed into the global market.He attended Milton Academy and Dartmouth College where he studied art history.
In 2000, he was a Peace Corps volunteer in China for two years; he taught English in Wanxian.
His first published newspaper article about his life in Waxian appeared in The Boston Globe in 2001. In 2003, he worked for the Surmang Foundation in China. In his free time, he has learned Chinese.
Jeffrey A. Marx is an American journalist. In the early 1980s, as a correspondent for the Lexington Herald-Leader, he co-authored a series of exposes on improper cash payoffs to University of Kentucky basketball players which won him and the co-author, Michael M. York, the 1986 Pulitzer Prize for Investigative Reporting. The article series "Playing Above the Rules", exposed improper cash payoffs to University of Kentucky basketball players and improper offers made to recruits by other universities. The authors interviewed 33 former Wildcats – some of whom spoke to Marx and York with the goal of ending the abuses – and the paper sued the university and the state of Kentucky under freedom of information laws to get detailed information, including the names of specific violators, for the series. The piece also led to NCAA regulation changes.
Joseph T. "Joe" Hallinan is an award-winning journalist and author. He has written extensively on the criminal justice system in the United States.
While a journalist with the Indianapolis Star he and Susan M. Headden shared the 1991 Pulitzer Prize for Investigative Reporting "for their shocking series on medical malpractice in the state." Hallinan was named a Nieman Fellow at Harvard. He has written Going Up the River: Travels in a Prison Nation (2001).
Hallinan has taught at a number of American colleges and universities, and was most recently a visiting professor at Vanderbilt University. He has appeared on a variety of radio and television programs in the U.S. and abroad, including NPR's Fresh Air with Teri Gross and The O'Reilly Factor on Fox News.
He lives in Chicago with his wife, Pamela Taylor, and their three children.
Mitchell S. Weiss (born 1957) is an American investigative journalist, and an editor at the Charlotte Observer. He won the 2004 Pulitzer Prize for Investigative Reporting, with Joe Mahr and Michael D. Sallah.
Sarah Cohen is an American journalist and professor. She holds the Knight Chair of Data Journalism in the Walter Cronkite School of Journalism and Mass Communication at Arizona State University. Previously she was an assistant editor for computer-assisted reporting at The New York Times and adjunct faculty at the Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism.
Wendy Ruderman (born in 1969 on Long Island, N.Y.) is an American journalist for the Philadelphia Inquirer and Philadelphia Daily News. She won with Barbara Laker the 2010 Pulitzer Prize for Investigative Reporting.
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