Pudozh

Pudozh (Russian: Пудож; Karelian: Puudoži; Veps: Pudož; Finnish: Puudosi or Puutoinen) is a town and the administrative center of Pudozhsky District of the Republic of Karelia, Russia, located on the Vodla River 115 kilometers (71 mi) east of Petrozavodsk, but 352 kilometers (219 mi) traveling by the road around Lake Onega. Population: 9,698 (2010 Census);[3] 10,632 (2002 Census);[8] 10,982 (1989 Census);[9] 8,000 (1970).

An international tourist route Blue Highway ends in Pudozh. The route leads from Norway via Sweden and Finland to Republic of Karelia.

Pudozh

Пудож
A street in Pudozh
A street in Pudozh
Coat of arms of Pudozh

Coat of arms
Location of Pudozh
Pudozh is located in Russia
Pudozh
Pudozh
Location of Pudozh
Pudozh is located in Karelia
Pudozh
Pudozh
Pudozh (Karelia)
Coordinates: 61°48′N 36°31′E / 61.800°N 36.517°ECoordinates: 61°48′N 36°31′E / 61.800°N 36.517°E
CountryRussia
Federal subjectRepublic of Karelia[1]
Administrative districtPudozhsky District[1]
First mentioned1382
Town status since1785[2]
Area
 • Total8 km2 (3 sq mi)
Elevation
55 m (180 ft)
Population
 • Total9,698
 • Density1,200/km2 (3,100/sq mi)
 • Administrative center ofPudozhsky District[1]
 • Municipal districtPudozhsky Municipal District[4]
 • Urban settlementPudozhskoye Urban Settlement[4]
 • Administrative center ofPudozhsky Municipal District[5], Pudozhskoye Urban Settlement[4]
Time zoneMSK (UTC+03:00)[6]
Previous namesPudoga,
Pudozhsky Pogost
OKTMO ID86642101001
Websitepudozhgoradm.ru

History

It was first mentioned in 1382 as a settlement of Pudoga, which would later be called Pudozhsky Pogost. It was granted town status in 1785.[2]

Administrative and municipal status

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Pudozh serves as the administrative center of Pudozhsky District, to which it is directly subordinated.[1] As a municipal division, the town of Pudozh, together with eleven rural localities, is incorporated within Pudozhsky Municipal District as Pudozhskoye Urban Settlement.[4]

References

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e Law #871-RZK
  2. ^ a b "General Information" (in Russian). Retrieved January 5, 2018.
  3. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  4. ^ a b c d Law #813-RZK
  5. ^ Law #825-ZRK
  6. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №368-ФЗ от 11 октября 2018 г. «О внесении изменений в статью 5 Федерального закона "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #368-FZ of October 11, 2018 On Amending Article 5 of the Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  7. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  8. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (21 May 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  9. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.

Sources

  • Законодательное Собрание Республики Карелия. Закон №871-ЗРК от 29 апреля 2005 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Республики Карелия», в ред. Закона №1895-ЗРK от 2 июня 2015 г. «О внесении изменения статью 9 Закона Республики Карелия "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Республики Карелия"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: газета "Карелия", №48, 7 мая 2005 г. (Legislative Assembly of the Republic of Karelia. Law #871-ZRK of April 29, 2005 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of the Republic of Karelia, as amended by the Law #1895-ZRK of June 2, 2015 On Amending Article 9 of the Law of the Republic of Karelia "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of the Republic of Karelia". Effective as of the official publication date.).
  • Законодательное Собрание Республики Карелия. Закон №813-ЗРК от 1 ноября 2004 г. «О городских, сельских поселениях в Республике Карелия», в ред. Закона №1694-ЗРK от 2 апреля 2013 г. «О преобразовании муниципальных образований "Нюхчинское сельское поселение" и "Сумпосадское сельское поселение" Беломорского муниципального района и внесении изменений в некоторые законодательные акты Республики Карелия». Вступил в силу по истечении десяти дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: газета "Карелия", №124, 126, 129, 132, 135, 136, 139, 4 ноября — 9 декабря 2004 г. (Legislative Assembly of the Republic of Karelia. Law #813-ZRK of November 1, 2004 On the Urban, Rural Settlements in the Republic of Karelia, as amended by the Law #1694-ZRK of April 2, 2013 On the Transformation of the Municipal Formations of "Nyukhchinskoye Rural Settlement" and "Sumposadskoye Rural Settlement" of Belomorsky Municipal District of the Republic of Karelia and on Amending Various Legislative Acts of the Republic of Karelia. Effective as of the day which is ten days after the day of the official publication.).
  • Законодательное Собрание Республики Карелия. Закон №825-ЗРК от 1 декабря 2004 г. «О муниципальных районах в Республике Карелия», в ред. Закона №1694-ЗРK от 2 апреля 2013 г. «О преобразовании муниципальных образований "Нюхчинское сельское поселение" и "Сумпосадское сельское поселение" Беломорского муниципального района и внесении изменений в некоторые законодательные акты Республики Карелия». Вступил в силу по истечении десяти дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: газета "Карелия", №141, 16 декабря 2004 г. (Legislative Assembly of the Republic of Karelia. Law #825-ZRK of December 1, 2004 On the Municipal Districts in the Republic of Karelia, as amended by the Law #1694-ZRK of April 2, 2013 On the Transformation of the Municipal Formations of "Nyukhchinskoye Rural Settlement" and "Sumposadskoye Rural Settlement" of Belomorsky Municipal District of the Republic of Karelia and on Amending Various Legislative Acts of the Republic of Karelia. Effective as of the day which is ten days after the day of the official publication.).
Administrative divisions of the Republic of Karelia

Cities and towns under republic's jurisdiction:

Petrozavodsk (Петрозаводск) (Petroskoi) (capital)

Kostomuksha (Костомукша)

Sortavala (Сортавала)

Urban-type settlements under the town's jurisdiction:

Khelyulya (Хелюля)

Vyartsilya (Вяртсиля)

Districts:

Belomorsky (Беломорский)

Towns under the district's jurisdiction:

Belomorsk (Беломорск)

Kalevalsky (Калевальский)

Urban-type settlements under the district's jurisdiction:

Kalevala (Калевала)

Kemsky (Кемский)

Towns under the district's jurisdiction:

Kem (Кемь)

Kondopozhsky (Кондопожский)

Towns under the district's jurisdiction:

Kondopoga (Кондопога)

Lakhdenpokhsky (Лахденпохский)

Towns under the district's jurisdiction:

Lakhdenpokhya (Лахденпохья)

Loukhsky (Лоухский)

Urban-type settlements under the district's jurisdiction:

Chupa (Чупа)

Loukhi (Лоухи)

Pyaozersky (Пяозерский)

Medvezhyegorsky (Медвежьегорский)

Towns under the district's jurisdiction:

Medvezhyegorsk (Медвежьегорск)

Urban-type settlements under the district's jurisdiction:

Pindushi (Пиндуши)

Povenets (Повенец)

Muyezersky (Муезерский)

Urban-type settlements under the district's jurisdiction:

Muyezersky (Муезерский)

Olonetsky (Олонецкий)

Towns under the district's jurisdiction:

Olonets (Олонец)

Pitkyarantsky (Питкярантский)

Towns under the district's jurisdiction:

Pitkyaranta (Питкяранта)

Prionezhsky (Прионежский)

Pryazhinsky (Пряжинский)

Urban-type settlements under the district's jurisdiction:

Pryazha (Пряжа)

Pudozhsky (Пудожский)

Towns under the district's jurisdiction:

Pudozh (Пудож)

Segezhsky (Сегежский)

Towns under the district's jurisdiction:

Segezha (Сегежа)

Urban-type settlements under the district's jurisdiction:

Nadvoitsy (Надвоицы)

Suoyarvsky (Суоярвский)

Towns under the district's jurisdiction:

Suoyarvi (Суоярви)

Andoma River

The Andoma (Russian: Андома) is a river in Vytegorsky District of Vologda Oblast in Russia. It flows out of Lake Groptozero and is a tributary of Lake Onega. It is 156 kilometres (97 mi) long, and the area of its basin 2,570 square kilometres (990 sq mi). The main tributary of the Andoma is the Samina River (right).

The river basin of the Andoma occupies much of the northern part of Vytegorsky District. The river flows through the Andoma Hills, and the basin contains many lakes of glacial origin. The biggest lake in the Andoma Basin is Lake Aynozero.

The source of the Andoma is in the system of lakes in the northern part of Vytegorsky District. The river flows in the general direction south, turns west, and eventually northwest. The lower course of the Andoma is populated. In the village of Sorokopolye the Andoma accepts the Samina from the right, and downstream from this place it forms a delta as it flows into Lake Onega.

A short stretch of a highway connecting Vologda and Medvezhyegorsk via Vytegra and Pudozh runs along the Andoma, crossing it over a bridge in the village of Sorokopolye.

Between 1927 and 1957 Andomsky District with the center in the selo of Andomsky Pogost existed, first in Leningrad Oblast, from 1937 on in Vologda Oblast. In 1957, the district was abolished and merged into Vytegorsky District. Both the selo, located upstream from Sorokopolye, and the district were named after the Andoma.

Avdeyevo, Republic of Karelia

Avdeyevo (Russian: Авдеево) is a rural locality (a village) and the administrative center of Avdeyevskoye Rural Settlement of Pudozhsky District, Republic of Karelia, Russia. The population is 351 as of 2013.

Blue Highway (tourist route)

Blue Highway (Norwegian: Blå vegen, Swedish: Blå vägen, Finnish: Sininen tie, Russian: Голубая дорога) is an international tourist route from Norway via Sweden and Finland to Russia.

Joensuu

Joensuu (Finnish pronunciation: [ˈjoensuː]; lit. "mouth of the river") is a city and municipality in North Karelia. It was founded in 1848. The population of Joensuu is 76,228 (August 31, 2018), and the economic region of Joensuu has a population of 115,000. As is typical of cities in Eastern Finland, Joensuu is monolingually Finnish.

Joensuu is a lively student city with a subsidiary of the University of Eastern Finland, which has over 15,000 enrolled students, and a further 4,000 students at the Karelia University of Applied Sciences.The largest employers are the municipal City of Joensuu, North Karelian Hospital District Federation of Municipalities, Abloy and Punamusta.

The European Forest Institute, the University and many other institutes and export enterprises such as Abloy and John Deere give Joensuu an international flavour.

Kenozersky National Park

Kenozersky National Park (Russian: Кенозерский национальный парк) is a national park in the north of Russia, located in Kargopolsky and Plesetsky Districts of Arkhangelsk Oblast. It was established December 28, 1991. Since 2004, the National Park has the status of the UNESCO Biosphere Reserve.

Lake Kovzhskoye

Lake Kovzhskoye (Russian: Ковжское озеро) is a freshwater lake, located in the center of Vytegorsky District of Vologda Oblast in Russia. It is one of the biggest lakes in Vologda Oblast and the second biggest one in Vytegorsky District behind Lake Onega. The area of the lake is 65 square kilometres (25 sq mi), and the area of its basin is 438 square kilometres (169 sq mi). The main tributary of the lake is the Iles River. Lake Kovzhskoye is the source of Kovzha River, one of the principal tributaries of Lake Beloye. The lake belongs to the basins of the Volga and the Caspian Sea.

The lake has a complex shape, with one bay in the south and one more bay (Lake Lozskoye, where the source of the Kovzha is located) in the southwest. From the north, Lake Kuzhozero is adjacent to Lake Kovzhskoye.

The catchment area of Lake Kovzhskoye is relatively small, since the lake is located in the Andoma Hills. To the east of the lake, there is river basin of the Kema River, another tributary of Lake Beloye, and the areas to the north and to the west drain into Lake Onega.

Two villages, Loza and Yakshino, are located on the southern shore of the lake. Both are on the highway connecting Vologda with Medvezhyegorsk via Vytegra and Pudozh.

Lake Lyokshmozero

Lake Lyokshmozero (Russian: Лёкшмозеро) is a freshwater lake, located in the north-west of Kargopolsky District of Arkhangelsk Oblast in Russia. It is one of the biggest lakes in Arkhangelsk Oblast and the second biggest in Kargopolsky District (after Lake Lacha). The area of the lake is 54.4 square kilometres (21.0 sq mi), and the area of its basin is 197 square kilometres (76 sq mi). Lake Lyokshmozero is the source of Lyokshma River, a tributary of Lake Lacha. The lake thus belongs to the Onega River basin and the White Sea basin.

The lake is located close to the border of Arkhangelsk Oblast and Republic of Karelia. It belongs to Kenozersky National Park.

The lake has an oval shape, elongated in the northg-west - south-east direction. The Lekshma flows out of the south-eastern corner and flows south-east. There are four villages at the shores of the lake, Morshchikhinskaya, Kazarinovskaya, Ileksinskaya, and Khvalinskaya. The two latter villages are located on the unpaved road connecting Kargopol and Pudozh.

The lake has a glacial origin.

List of rivers of Russia

Russia can be divided into a European and an Asian part. The dividing line is generally considered to be the Ural Mountains and the Caspian Sea. The European part is drained into the Arctic Ocean, Baltic Sea, Black Sea, and Caspian Sea. The Asian part is drained into the Arctic Ocean and the Pacific Ocean.

Notable rivers of Russia in Europe are the Volga, Don, Kama, Oka and the Northern Dvina, while several other rivers originate in Russia but flow into other countries, such as the Dniepr and the Western Dvina.

In Asia, important rivers are the Ob, the Irtysh, the Yenisey, the Angara, the Lena, the Amur, the Yana, the Indigirka, and the Kolyma.

In the list below, the rivers are grouped by the seas or oceans into which they flow. Rivers that flow into other rivers are ordered by the proximity of their point of confluence to the mouth of the main river, i.e., the lower in the list, the more upstream.

There is an alphabetical list of rivers at the end of this article.

Olonets Governorate

The Olonets Governorate or Government of Olonets was a guberniya (governorate) of north-western Imperial Russia, extending from Lake Ladoga almost to the White Sea, bounded west by Finland, north and east by Arkhangelsk and Vologda, and south by Novgorod and Saint Petersburg. The area was 57,422 m², of which 6,794 m² were covered by lakes.

Pudozhsky

Pudozhsky (masculine), Pudozhskaya (feminine), or Pudozhskoye (neuter) may refer to:

Pudozhsky District, a district of the Republic of Karelia, Russia

Pudozhskoye Urban Settlement, a municipal formation which the town of Pudozh and eleven rural localities in Pudozhsky District of the Republic of Karelia, Russia are incorporated as

Pudozhsky mine, a titanium mine in the Republic of Karelia, Russia

Pudozhsky District

Pudozhsky District (Russian: Пу́дожский райо́н; Karelian: Puudožin piiri) is an administrative district (raion), one of the fifteen in the Republic of Karelia, Russia. It is located in the southeast of the republic. The area of the district is 12,700 square kilometers (4,900 sq mi). Its administrative center is the town of Pudozh. As of the 2010 Census, the total population of the district was 21,659, with the population of Pudozh accounting for 44.8% of that number.

Russian federal highways

Russian federal highways (Russian: Автомобильные дороги федерального значения Российской Федерации, tr. Avtomobil’nyye dorogi federal’nogo znacheniya Rossiyskoy Federatsii; lit. Highways of federal importance of the Russian Federation) are the most important highways in Russia that are federal property. The following motorways are designated as federal.

All highways

that connect Moscow with the capitals of the neighbouring countries and with the administrative centres of the subjects of the Russian Federation. They are identified by the prefix "M" in the national route signs;

that are parts of the international road networks: European and Asian, identified by prefixes "E" and "AH" in the international route signs used simultaneously with the national route signs.

Some highways

that connect administrative centers of the subjects of the Russian Federation with each other (national route sign prefix "P," which is the Cyrillic "R")

that are branching and bridging roads (national prefix "A"):

access roads that lead to major transportation nodes and special objects

access roads from the administrative centers of the subjects of the Russian Federation which has no highway connection with Moscow to the nearest sea and river ports and to the international borders.

which interlink other federal highways.The federal highways are classified in Russia into two categories:

"motorways/Avtomagistral" (Russian: магистральная автомобильная дорога, автомагистраль), not the same as the English term motorway

"other".

Svir River

The Svir (Russian: Свирь, Veps: Süvär', Karelian/Finnish: Syväri) is a river in Podporozhsky, Lodeynopolsky, and Volkhovsky districts in the north-east of Leningrad Oblast, Russia. It flows westwards from Lake Onega to Lake Ladoga, thus connecting the two largest lakes of Europe. It is the largest river flowing into Lake Ladoga. The length of the Svir is 224 kilometres (139 mi), whereas the area of its drainage basin is 84,400 square kilometres (32,600 sq mi). The towns of Podporozhye and Lodeynoye Pole, as well as urban-type settlements Voznesenye, Nikolsky, Vazhiny, and Svirstroy are located at the banks of the Svir.

After Peter the Great connected the Svir with the Neva River by the Ladoga Canal in the 18th century, the river has been part of the Mariinsky Water System, currently the Volga–Baltic Waterway. The Onega Canal is a bypass of Lake Onega from the south, which connects the Svir with the Vytegra River. The Svir is heavily used for navigation, with both cargo traffic and cruise ships. There are two dams with hydroelectric power plants on the river. The Lower Svir Hydroelectric Station, in Svirstroy, sits 81 kilometres (50 mi) from the river's mouth while the Upper Svir Hydroelectric Station, located in Podporozhye, is 128 kilometres (80 mi) away. Above the Upper Svir Hydroelectric Station, the Svir is built as the Ivinsky Razliv Reservoir. Locks are built around both dams.

Since the Svir flows out of Lake Onega, its drainage basin occupies a vast area, spanning the south of the Republic of Karelia, the north and the east of Leningrad Oblast, the northwest of Vologda Oblast, and also includes minor areas in Arkhangelsk Oblast (the basin of the Ileksa River). The main tributaries of Svir proper are the Vazhinka River (right), the Oyat River (left), and the Pasha River (left). The main rivers in the basin of the Svir are the Suna River (the longest in the Svir basin), the Shuya River, the Vodla River, and the Vytegra River. The basin of the Svir also includes an enormous amount of freshwater lakes, the biggest of which, behind Lake Onega, are Lake Vodlozero, Lake Syamozero, Lake Gimolskoye, Lake Lizhmozero, and Lake Shotozero. The city of Petrozavodsk and the towns of Suoyarvi, Kondopoga, Medvezhyegorsk, Pudozh, Vytegra, Podporozhye, and Lodeynoye Pole, as well as a number of urban-type settlements, are located within the catchment area of the Svir.

The river flows past the Alexander-Svirsky Monastery, which used to house Svirlag (one of the most infamous gulags). The area around the river saw heavy fighting during the Continuation War 1941–1944.

The right bank of the lower Svir is occupied by the Nizhnesvirsky Nature Reserve, established in 1980.

Tohmajärvi

Tohmajärvi is a municipality of Finland.

It is located in the North Karelia region. The municipality has a population of 4,518

(31 August 2018) and covers an area of 895.36 square kilometres (345.70 sq mi) of

which 57.62 km2 (22.25 sq mi)

is water. The population density is

5.39 inhabitants per square kilometre (14.0/sq mi).

Neighbouring municipalities are Joensuu, Kitee and Rääkkylä.

The municipality is unilingually Finnish.

The municipality of Värtsilä was consolidated with Tohmajärvi in 2005.

Tohmajärvi is located along the Blue Highway, which is an international tourist route from Mo i Rana, Norway to Pudozh, Russia via Sweden.

Umeå

Umeå (Swedish: [ˈʉːmɛɔ] (listen), local: [ˈʉːmɛ] (listen); South Westrobothnian: [²ʉːm]; Finnish: Uumaja; Ume Sami: Ubmeje, Southern Sami: Upmeje, Northern Sami: Ubmi) is a city in north east Sweden. It is the seat of Umeå Municipality and the capital of Västerbotten County. The city is located on the Ume River.

Umeå is the largest city in Norrland and the thirteenth biggest in Sweden, with 84,761 inhabitants in 2016. The municipality had 123,382 inhabitants as of 2017. When Umeå University was established in 1965, growth sped up, and the amount of housing has doubled in the last 30 years. As of 2011, 700 to 800 new apartments are constructed each year.Umeå is a university town and centre of education, technical and medical research in Sweden, with two universities and over 39,000 students. Umeå was the European Capital of Culture during 2014, along with Riga in Latvia.

Vladimir Pettay

Vladimir Leonidovich Pettay (Russian: Владимир Леонидович Петтай) (8 May 1973 – 20 June 2011) was a Russian international football referee.

Pettay was born in Pudozh. In 1992, he played 24 matches as a midfielder for second-league FC Karelia Petrozavodsk, scoring two goals. He later played for the first-league futsal team GTS Petrozavodsk. He began his career as a referee in 1996. He qualified as a FIFA referee in 2010 and worked in the 2011 CIS Cup.Pettay died in the crash of RusAir Flight 9605 at Besovets, near Petrozavodsk. Pettay is survived by his wife, a son, and a daughter.

Vodla River

Vodla (Russian: Водла, Finnish: Vodlajoki) is a river in the south-east of Republic of Karelia, Russia. The town of Pudozh is located along Vodla. The river rises in Lake Vodlozero, a large freshwater lake in the southeastern part of Karelia. After rising in Lake Vodlozero, the river flows south for 175 kilometers before turning west into Lake Onega, Europe's second largest lake. From there, the 224-kilometer Svir River connects Lake Onega with Lake Ladoga. The Vodla's water is soft and humic.

Vodlozersky National Park

Vodlozersky National Park (Russian: Водлозерский национальный парк) is a national park in the north of Russia, located in Onezhsky District of Arkhangelsk Oblast and Pudozhsky District in the Republic of Karelia. It was established April 20, 1991. Since 2001, the National Park has the status of a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve. The national park was created to protect coniferous forests (taiga) of the Northern Russia.The park covers 4,280 square kilometres (1,650 square miles); additionally, 400 square kilometres (150 square miles) are used by the park but belong to the third parties. At the time of creation, Vodlozersky National Park was the second-largest national park in Europe after Yugyd Va National Park. The park area includes Lake Vodlozero, the river basin of the Ileksa, the main inflow of the lake, and the upper course of the Vodla, the outflow.

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