Pud Galvin

James Francis "Pud" Galvin (December 25, 1856 – March 7, 1902) was an American Major League Baseball pitcher in the 19th century. He was MLB's first 300-game winner and was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1965.

Pud Galvin
PudGalvin
Galvin in 1887
Pitcher
Born: December 25, 1856
St. Louis, Missouri
Died: March 7, 1902 (aged 45)
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Batted: Right Threw: Right
MLB debut
May 22, 1875, for the St. Louis Brown Stockings
Last MLB appearance
August 2, 1892, for the St. Louis Browns
MLB statistics
Win–loss record365–310
Earned run average2.85
Strikeouts1,807
Teams
Career highlights and awards
Member of the National
Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg Baseball Hall of Fame Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg
Induction1965
Election MethodVeteran's Committee

Baseball career

Galvin grew up in Kerry Patch, an Irish neighborhood in St. Louis.[1] He debuted for St. Louis of the National Association in 1875, the franchise's inaugural season, and started eight games for the team. He spent the next 6½ seasons with Buffalo in the International Association and later of the National League. In his first full MLB season in 1879, Galvin had a win–loss record of 37-27 and a 2.28 earned run average (retroactively calibrated; ERA was not an established statistic before the 20th century) in 593 innings pitched. On August 20, 1880, he became the first major league pitcher to throw a no-hitter on the road, leading his Buffalo Bisons to a 1-0 victory over the Worcester Worcesters. He pitched over 400 innings in 1880, 1881, and 1882. In 1883, Galvin went 46-29 with a 2.72 ERA, setting career highs in wins, games started (75), complete games (72), and innings pitched (656.1); he led the NL in the latter three categories. The following season, in 1884, he went 46-22 with a 1.99 ERA in 72 games started, 71 complete games, and 636.1 innings pitched.[2]

Galvin was traded to the Pittsburgh Alleghenys midseason in 1885.[3] He played for the Allegheny club from 1885 to 1889, pitching over 300 innings each year. He jumped to the Pittsburgh Burghers of the short-lived Players League before the 1890 season and then returned to the Alleghenys (now named the "Pirates") after the season. On June 14, 1892, Galvin was traded to the St. Louis Browns.[4] He retired after the 1892 season, though he made a brief return to Buffalo (by this time a minor league franchise) in 1894.

Galvin played in an era where two-man pitching rotations were common – hence his 6,003 innings pitched and 646 complete games, both of which are second only to the career totals of Cy Young.[5] Upon his retirement, Galvin held all-time records in several pitching categories, including wins, innings pitched, games started, games completed and shutouts.[6] He became MLB's first 300-game winner in 1888.[7] Galvin holds the record for most games started in a single season by a pitcher before 1893, 75 (tied with Will White). Galvin is the only player in baseball history to win 20 or more games in 10 different years without winning a pennant, finishing his career with a total of 365 wins and 310 losses.[8]

The nickname "Pud" originated because Galvin was said to make hitters "look like pudding."[9] Galvin was also nicknamed "The Little Steam Engine", a tribute to his power in spite of his small size. He was sometimes known as "Gentle Jeems" because of his kind disposition.[10]

Legacy

Galvin died poor at age 45 on March 7, 1902, in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, and, as a Roman Catholic,[11] is buried in Calvary Catholic Cemetery. He was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1965 by the Veterans Committee. In honor of his achievements in Buffalo, Galvin was inducted into the Buffalo Baseball Hall of Fame in 1985.[12]

A 2006 NPR article referred to Galvin as "the first baseball player to be widely known for using a performance-enhancing substance."[9] The Washington Post reported that Galvin used the Brown-Séquard elixir, which contained monkey testosterone, before a single game in 1889. However, no one seemed bothered by the use of the elixir, and the newspaper practically endorsed it after the game, saying that Galvin's performance was "the best proof yet furnished of the value of the discovery."[9]

See also

References

  1. ^ Achorn, Edward (2013). The Summer of Beer and Whiskey: How Brewers, Barkeeps, Rowdies, Immigrants, and a Wild Pennant Fight Made Baseball America's Game. PublicAffairs. p. 75. ISBN 1610392604.
  2. ^ Bain, Derek (July 8, 2018). "Hardball Retroactive". Tuatara Software, LLC. Retrieved April 3, 2019.
  3. ^ Finoli, David; Ranier, Bill (February 10, 2015). "The Pittsburgh Pirates Encyclopedia: Second Edition". Simon and Schuster. Retrieved April 3, 2019.
  4. ^ Spatz, Lyle (December 21, 2012). "Historical Dictionary of Baseball". Scarecrow Press. Retrieved April 3, 2019.
  5. ^ "Pud Galvin". sabr.org. Retrieved April 3, 2019.
  6. ^ "Galvin, Pud". Baseball Hall of Fame. Retrieved August 14, 2013.
  7. ^ Klein, Christopher. "Baseball's First Fountain of Youth". HISTORY. Retrieved April 3, 2019.
  8. ^ "MLB's 300-game winners". Newsday. Retrieved April 3, 2019.
  9. ^ a b c R. Smith, "A different kind of performance enhancer", NPR. Retrieved December 11, 2007.
  10. ^ Hausberg, Charles. "Pud Galvin". Society for American Baseball Research. Retrieved August 14, 2013.
  11. ^ Boehm, Emilia (Spring 2010). "Pud Galvin: Allegheny's Forgotten Hall of Famer" (PDF). Reporter Dispatch. The Allegheny City Society. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 3, 2016. Retrieved January 1, 2014.
  12. ^ "Buffalo Baseball Hall of Fame". Retrieved August 29, 2012.

External links

Achievements
Preceded by
Larry Corcoran
Larry Corcoran
No-hitter pitcher
August 19, 1880
August 4, 1884
Succeeded by
Tony Mullane
Dick Burns
1883 Buffalo Bisons season

The 1883 Buffalo Bisons finished the season with a 52–45 record, good for fifth place in the National League. Star slugger Dan Brouthers won his second consecutive NL batting title with a .374 average and Pud Galvin posted 46 wins.

1885 Buffalo Bisons season

The 1885 Buffalo Bisons finished the season with a 38–74 record, good for seventh place in the National League. As things continued to implode on the field, the team ownership sold the whole franchise to the Detroit Wolverines. With all their players gone, the team finished out the season with local amateurs filling in.

1887 Pittsburgh Alleghenys season

The 1887 Pittsburgh Alleghenys season was the sixth season of the Pittsburgh Alleghenys franchise and its first in the National League. The Alleghenys finished sixth in the standings with a record of 55–69.

1888 Pittsburgh Alleghenys season

The 1888 Pittsburgh Alleghenys season was the 7th season of the Pittsburgh Alleghenys franchise and their 2nd in the National League. The Alleghenys finished sixth in the league standings with a record of 66–68.

1891 Pittsburgh Pirates season

The 1891 Pittsburgh Pirates season was the 10th season of the Pittsburgh Pirates franchise (and the first under the "Pirates" name); their 5th in the National League. The Pirates finished eighth and last in the National League with a record of 55–80.

1965 Baseball Hall of Fame balloting

Elections to the Baseball Hall of Fame for 1965 followed a system established for odd-number years after the 1956 election. Namely, the baseball writers were voting on recent players only in even-number years.

The Veterans Committee met in closed sessions to consider executives, managers, umpires, and earlier major league players. It selected 19th-century 300-game winner Pud Galvin.

The election of only one person who had been deceased for more than 60 years evoked wide criticism and led to the resumption of annual votes for recent players by the baseball writers.

300 win club

In Major League Baseball, the 300 win club is the group of pitchers who have won 300 or more games. Twenty-four pitchers have reached this milestone. The New York Gothams/Giants/San Francisco Giants are the only franchise to see three players reach the milestone while on their roster: those players are Mickey Welch, Christy Mathewson, and Randy Johnson. Early in the history of professional baseball, many of the rules favored the pitcher over the batter; the distance pitchers threw to home plate was shorter than today, and pitchers were able to use foreign substances to alter the direction of the ball. The first player to win 300 games was Pud Galvin in 1888. Seven pitchers recorded all or the majority of their career wins in the 19th century: Galvin, Cy Young, Kid Nichols, Tim Keefe, John Clarkson, Charley Radbourn, and Mickey Welch. Four more pitchers joined the club in the first quarter of the 20th century: Christy Mathewson, Walter Johnson, Eddie Plank, and Grover Cleveland Alexander. Young is the all-time leader in wins with 511, a mark that is considered unbreakable. If a modern-day pitcher won 20 games per season for 25 seasons, he would still be 11 games short of Young's mark.

Only three pitchers, Lefty Grove, Warren Spahn, and Early Wynn, joined the 300 win club between 1924 and 1982, which may be explained by a number of factors: the abolition of the spitball, World War II military service, such as Bob Feller's, and the growing importance of the home run in the game. As the home run became commonplace, the physical and mental demands on pitchers dramatically increased, which led to the use of a four-man starting rotation. Between 1982 and 1990, the 300 win club gained six members: Gaylord Perry, Phil Niekro, Steve Carlton, Nolan Ryan, Don Sutton and Tom Seaver. These pitchers benefited from the increased use of specialized relief pitchers, an expanded strike zone, and new stadiums, including Shea Stadium, Dodger Stadium and the Astrodome, that were pitcher's parks, which suppressed offensive production. Also, the increasing sophistication of training methods and sports medicine, such as Tommy John surgery, allowed players to maintain a high competitive level for a longer time. Randy Johnson, for example, won more games in his 40s than he did in his 20s.Since 1990, only four pitchers have joined the 300 win club: Roger Clemens, Greg Maddux, Tom Glavine, and Johnson. Changes in the game in the last decade of the 20th century have made attaining 300 career wins difficult, perhaps more so than during the mid 20th century. The four-man starting rotation has given way to a five-man rotation, which gives starting pitchers fewer chances to pick up wins. No pitcher reached 20 wins in a non strike-shortened year for the first time in 2006; this was repeated in 2009 and 2017.Recording 300 career wins has been seen as a guaranteed admission to the Baseball Hall of Fame. All pitchers with 300 wins have been elected to the Hall of Fame except for Clemens, who received only half of the vote total needed for induction in his first appearance on the Hall of Fame ballot in 2013 and lost votes from that total in 2014. Clemens' future election is seen as uncertain because of his alleged links to use of performance-enhancing drugs. To be eligible for the Hall of Fame, a player must have "been retired five seasons" or deceased for at least six months, Many observers expect the club to gain few, if any, members in the foreseeable future. Ten members of the 300 win club are also members of the 3,000 strikeout club.

Blondie Purcell

William Aloysius "Blondie" Purcell (March 16, 1854 – February 20, 1912), was an American Major League Baseball player born in Paterson, New Jersey. He played for a total of 12 seasons while playing for eight different teams in two leagues. He appeared in 1097 games, mainly in the outfield, but did pitch in 79 games throughout his career, as well as other infield positions.

On June 6, 1882, while playing for the Buffalo Bisons, he was fined $10 ($260 today) for slicing open a soggy baseball. He did this to compel the umpire to put a fresh ball in play so his pitcher, Pud Galvin, would be able to throw his curveball.In 1883 he was the player-manager for the Philadelphia Quakers. He took the reins of the team after just 14 games, when they were only 4–13 under player-manager Bob Ferguson, and finished the season with an equally dismal 17–81 record. The 8th-place Quakers finished 23 games behind the 7th-place Detroit Wolverines. Purcell never managed another major-league game. He is the first player to get a hit and also score a run in Philadelphia team history, however, doing so in his first AB of the 1883 season.

Purcell is one of the few players in major-league history whose death is not documented by the Society for American Baseball Research, although according to Find a Grave he has a death date of February 20, 1912, and is buried in Greenmount Cemetery located in Philadelphia.

Buffalo Bisons (NL)

The original Buffalo Bisons baseball club played in the National League between 1879 and 1885. The Bisons played their games at Riverside Park (1879–83) and Olympic Park (1884-85) in Buffalo, New York. The NL Bisons are included in the history of the minor-league team of the same name that still plays today; it is thus the only extant NL team from the 19th century that both still exists and no longer plays in Major League Baseball.

Complete game

In baseball, a complete game (denoted by CG) is the act of a pitcher pitching an entire game without the benefit of a relief pitcher. A pitcher who meets this criterion will be credited with a complete game regardless of the number of innings played - pitchers who throw an entire official game that is shortened by rain will still be credited with a complete game, while starting pitchers who are relieved in extra innings after throwing nine or more innings will not be credited with a complete game. A starting pitcher who is replaced by a pinch hitter in the final half inning of a game will still be credited with a complete game.

The frequency of complete games has evolved since the early days of baseball. The complete game was essentially an expectation in the early 20th century and pitchers completed almost all of the games they started. In modern baseball, the feat is much more rare and no pitcher has reached 30 complete games in a season since 1975; in the 21st century, a pitcher has thrown 10 or more complete games in a season only twice.

Games started

In baseball statistics, games started (denoted by GS) indicates the number of games that a pitcher has started for his team. A pitcher is credited with starting the game if he throws the first pitch to the first opposing batter. If a player is listed in the starting lineup as the team's pitcher, but is replaced before facing an opposing batter, the player is credited with a game pitched but not a game started; there have been instances in major league history in which a starting pitcher was removed before his first pitch due to an injury, perhaps suffered while batting or running the bases during the top half of the first inning.

The all-time leader for games started is Cy Young with 815 over a 22-year career. The players with the most starts in a single season are Pud Galvin and Will White, each with 75 games started.For position players, games started is also used to denote the number of times their names appear in a team's starting lineup during the season.

James Galvin

James Galvin may refer to:

Jim Galvin (baseball) (1907–1969), Major League Baseball player

Pud Galvin (1856–1902), Major League baseball player

James Galvin (poet) (born 1951), American poet

Jim Halpin

James Nathaniel Halpin (October 4, 1863 – January 4, 1893), a native of England, was a Major League Baseball shortstop/third baseman. He played for the Worcester Ruby Legs (1882), Washington Nationals (1884 Union Association), and Detroit Wolverines (1885). At just 18 years of age, he was the youngest player to appear in a National League game in 1882.

Halpin made his major league debut in a home game against the Buffalo Bisons at Worcester Driving Park Grounds. The Ruby Legs defeated future Hall of Famer Pud Galvin 6-3. Halpin played just one more game for Worcester before returning to the big leagues two years later.

In 63 total games he hit .165 (38-for-230) with 5 doubles and 27 runs scored. He was a slightly below-average fielder for his era, making 51 errors in 263 total chances (.806).

Halpin died at the age of 29 in Boston, Massachusetts.

John Montgomery Ward's perfect game

John Montgomery Ward, pitcher for the Providence Grays, pitched a perfect game against the Buffalo Bisons by retiring all 27 batters he faced on Thursday, June 17, 1880. This event took place in the Messer Street Grounds in Providence, Rhode Island.

List of Major League Baseball career batters faced leaders

In baseball statistics, Batters Faced (BF), also known as Total Batters Faced (TBF), is the number of batters who made a plate appearance before the pitcher in a game or in a season.

Cy Young is the all-time leader, facing 29,565 batters in his career. Young is the only player to face more than 26,000 career batters. Pud Galvin is second having faced 25,415 batters, and is the only other player to have faced more than 25,000 batters. A total of 17 players have faced over 20,000 batters in their careers, with all but two (Bobby Mathews and Roger Clemens) being in the Baseball Hall of Fame.

List of Major League Baseball career complete games leaders

In baseball, a complete game (denoted by CG) is the act of a pitcher pitching an entire game without the benefit of a relief pitcher. A pitcher who meets this criterion will be credited with a complete game regardless of the number of innings played - pitchers who throw an entire official game that is shortened by rain will still be credited with a complete game, while starting pitchers who are relieved in extra innings after throwing nine or more innings will not be credited with a complete game. A starting pitcher who is replaced by a pinch hitter in the final half inning of a game will still be credited with a complete game.

Cy Young is the all-time leader in complete games with 749 and the only player to complete more than 700 games. Pud Galvin is second all-time with 646 career complete games and the only other player to complete more than 600 games.

List of Major League Baseball career losses leaders

In the sport of baseball, a loss is a statistic credited to the pitcher of the losing team who allows the run that gives the opposing team the lead with which the game is won (the go-ahead run). The losing pitcher is the pitcher who allows the go-ahead run to reach base for a lead that the winning team never relinquishes. If a pitcher allows a run which gives the opposing team the lead, his team comes back to lead or tie the game, and then the opposing team regains the lead against a subsequent pitcher, the earlier pitcher does not get the loss.

Cy Young holds the MLB loss record with 316; Pud Galvin is second with 308. Young and Galvin are the only players to earn 300 or more losses.

Moxie Hengel

Emery J. Hengel (October 7, 1857 – December 11, 1924) was a Major League Baseball second baseman. A native of Chicago, Illinois, he played for the Chicago Browns (1884) and the St. Paul Saints (1884), both of the Union Association, and for the National League Buffalo Bisons (1885).

Hengel was an average fielder and a poor hitter during his short major league career. In 35 total games he was just 24-for-133 (.180) with thirteen runs scored. Two of his famous teammates on the Buffalo Bisons were Hall of Famers Dan Brouthers and Pud Galvin.

Hengle died in River Forest, Illinois at the age of 67.

Pittsburgh Burghers

The Pittsburgh Burghers were a baseball team in the Players' League, a short-lived Major League that existed only for the 1890 season. The team included a number of players who had jumped from the National League's Pittsburgh Alleghenys (now the Pittsburgh Pirates), including Hall of Famers Pud Galvin, Ned Hanlon, and Jake Beckley. Hanlon served as the team's manager. Meanwhile, John Tener, who would go on to represent Pittsburgh in the United States Congress and be elected the 25th Governor of Pennsylvania, finished his pitching career with the Burghers in 1890. Later Tener would become the president of the National League, and a director of the Philadelphia Phillies.

In its only season, the Burghers finished in 6th place with a 60-68 record. Hall Of Fame first baseman Jake Beckley was a powerhouse slugger for the Burghers. He hit .324 with 10 home runs and 120 RBIs. In addition, he led the PL by hitting 22 triples. But even Beckley's fine work could not overcome the weak hitting of the Pittsburgh team in general. The Burghers finished tied for the worst batting average in the loop with a .260 mark. The team played at the Alleghenies' former home, Exposition Park. The stadium and the team was located in Allegheny, Pennsylvania, which was not incorporated into the city of Pittsburgh until 1907. The area is currently known today as the North Side of Pittsburgh, and the site of Exposition Park was later used for Three Rivers Stadium.

In an indirect way, it can be argued that the Burghers, alone among the old Players' League franchises, still exist today. Nearly all of the Alleghenys' stars had jumped to the upstart league. The remains of the Alleghenys made a wretched showing, finishing with what is still the worst record in franchise history (and the second-worst in National League history). The resulting drain on attendance led Alleghenys owner Dennis McKnight to return his franchise to the National League. He then joined the Burghers' ownership group as a minority owner. This group repurchased the Pittsburgh National League franchise under a different corporate name, thus allowing them to legally regain title to most of the players who had bolted to the Players' League a year earlier. It is this franchise that forms the current ownership lineage of today's Pirates. In fact, the Pirates nickname can also be traced back to this Burgher episode. On reacquiring the National League franchise, the new owners scooped up Lou Bierbauer, a second baseman from the Brooklyn Ward's Wonders of the defunct Players' League, inadvertently left off the roster of the American Association's Philadelphia Athletics, who as his prior team claimed his rights. This led an AA official to denounce the Alleghenys' actions as "piratical"—an accusation that led the Alleghenys to rename themselves the Pirates for the next season.

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