The following table indicates declared Indonesian government national holidays for the year 2018 only—cultural variants also provide opportunity for holidays tied to local events. Beside official holidays, there are the so-called "libur bersama" or "cuti bersama", or joint leave(s) declared nationwide by the government. In total there are 15 public holidays, and 9 "cuti bersama" or joint holidays.
|English name||Local name||Remarks|
|1 January||Gregorian||1 January||New Year's Day||Tahun Baru Masehi||New Year of Gregorian calendar|
|16 February||Chinese||1st day of 1st month||Chinese New Year||Tahun Baru Imlek||Public holiday since 2003.|
|17 March||Balinese Saka||Kasa 1 Pawukon 40||Day of Silence||Hari Raya Nyepi||Public holiday since 1983.|
|Tahun Baru Saka|
|30 March||Liturgical||Good Friday||Wafat Isa Almasih||the Friday before Easter Sunday (the first Sunday after the first Paschal Full Moon following the vernal equinox)|
|1 April||Liturgical||Easter Sunday||Paskah||The resurrection of Jesus|
|14 April||Islamic||Rajab 27||Ascension of the Prophet||Isra Mi'raj Nabi Muhammad|
|1 May||Gregorian||1 May||Labour Day||Hari Buruh Internasional||Public holiday since 2014.|
|10 May||Liturgical||Ascension of Jesus Christ||Kenaikan Isa Almasih|
|29 May||Buddhist||Every May of Vaisakha||Buddha's Birthday||Hari Raya Waisak||Public holiday since 1983.|
|1 June||Gregorian||1 June||Pancasila Day||Hari Lahir Pancasila||Public holiday since 2017,|
marks the date of Sukarno's 1945 address on Pancasila upon the members of the Investigating Committee for Preparatory Work for Independence
|15-16 June||Islamic||Shawwal 1-2||Eid al-Fitr||Hari Raya Idul Fitri|
|17 August||Gregorian||17 August||Independence Day||Hari Ulang Tahun Kemerdekaan Republik Indonesia||Anniversary of the proclamation of independence read by Mr. Soekarno and Mr. Hatta in 1945|
|22 August||Islamic||Dhu al-Hijjah 10||Feast of the Sacrifice||Hari Raya Idul Adha||Date varies according to the Islamic calendar|
|11 September||Islamic||Muharram 1||Islamic New Year||Tahun Baru Islam 1440 Hijriah||1st day of the Muharram, the beginning of the New Islamic year|
|20 November||Islamic||Rabi' al-awwal 12||Birth of the Prophet||Maulid Nabi Muhammad||Birthday of the Islamic prophet Muhammad|
|25 December||Liturgical||25 December||Christmas||Hari Raya Natal|
Commons leave (Cuti bersama) is a collective leave day in Indonesia. It was introduced by the Indonesian government as a means of stimulating tourism within the country and increasing the efficiency of public servants. The holiday is counted in public servants' overall leave. Most private companies and businesses follow suit by adjusting employees' annual leave in line with government policy. During major religious holidays such as Eid-al-Fitr (Idul Fitri or Lebaran at the end of the Ramadan fasting month), the joint-holiday can span an entire working week.
|English name||Local name||Remarks|
|June 14, 15, 18, 19||Eid al-Fitr Commons Leave||Cuti Bersama Idul Fitri||The date is moveable according to the holiday.|
|December 24||Christmas Commons Leave||Cuti Bersama Natal||The date is moveable according to the day of the week.|
|English name||Local name||Remarks|
|January 15-16||Balinese Saka||Kapitu 14||Hari Raya Suci Siwa Ratri|
|March 16||Balinese Saka||Kesanga Tilem||Hari Raya Suci Tawur Kesanga Agung||Parts of Nyepi procession.|
|March 17||Balinese Pakuwon||Saniscara Umanis Watugunung||Saraswati Day||Hari Raya Suci Saraswati I||The date is overlap with Nyepi.|
|March 18||Balinese Saka||Kedasa 2||Hari Raya Suci Ngembak Geni||Parts of Nyepi procession.|
|March 21||Balinese Pakuwon||Buda Keliwon Sinta||Hari Raya Suci Pagerwesi I|
|May 29||Balinese Pakuwon||Anggara Wage Dunggulan||Hari Raya Suci Penampahan Galungan I|
|May 30||Balinese Pakuwon||Buda Keliwon Dunggulan||Hari Raya Suci Galungan I|
|May 31||Balinese Pakuwon||Wrespati Umanis Dunggulan||Hari Raya Suci Umanis Galungan I|
|June 8||Balinese Pakuwon||Sukra Wage Kuningan||Hari Raya Suci Penampahan Kuningan I|
|June 9||Balinese Pakuwon||Saniscara Keliwon Kuningan||Hari Raya Suci Kuningan I|
|October 13||Balinese Pakuwon||Saniscara Umanis Watugunung||Saraswati Day||Hari Raya Suci Saraswati II|
|October 17||Balinese Pakuwon||Buda Keliwon Sinta||Hari Raya Suci Pagerwesi II|
|December 25||Balinese Pakuwon||Anggara Wage Dunggulan||Hari Raya Suci Penampahan Galungan II|
|December 26||Balinese Pakuwon||Buda Keliwon Dunggulan||Hari Raya Suci Galungan II|
|December 27||Balinese Pakuwon||Wrespati Umanis Dunggulan||Hari Raya Suci Umanis Galungan II|
In addition to the official holidays, many religious, historical, and other traditional holidays populate the calendar, as well as observances proclaimed by officials and lighter celebrations. These are rarely observed by businesses as holidays.
|Date (Gregorian calendar)||English name||Local name||Year established||Remarks|
|Dates vary||Galungan and Kuningan||Galungan dan Kuningan|
|Dates vary||Lantern Festival||Cap Go Meh||"Ending of 15th days celebration of Chinese New Year"|
|3 January||Ministry of Religious Affairs Day||Hari Kementerian Agama Republik Indonesia||The founding of the Indonesian Ministry of Religious Affairs in 1946, during the First Sjahrir Cabinet|
|15 January||Ocean Duty Day / Day of the Sea and Ocean Event||Hari Dharma Samudera / Hari Peristiwa Laut dan Samudera||Commemorate the services and sacrifices of those who died in various battles at sea. The day is the date of the Battle of Arafura Sea in 1962.|
|25 January||Food and Nutrition Day / National Nutrition Day||Hari Gizi dan Makanan / Hari Gizi Nasional||The day of the founding of dietetic school Sekolah Djuru Penerang Makanan on 25 January 1951 by Poorwo Soedarmo.|
|6 April||National Fisherman Day||Hari Nelayan Nasional|
|9 April||Air Force Day||Hari Jadi TNI Angkatan Udara||1950||Honors the active and reserve serving men and women and veterans of the Indonesian Air Force|
|21 April||Kartini Day||Hari Kartini||"Women Emancipation Day". The birthday of Kartini, an Indonesian women's rights activist.|
|22 April||Earth Day||Hari Bumi|
|2 May||National Education Day||Hari Pendidikan Nasional||1959||Birthday of Ki Hajar Dewantara, founder of Taman Siswa and first Minister of Education during the Presidential Cabinet|
|11 May||Day of the Military Police of the Indonesian National Armed Forces||Hari POM TNI|||
|20 May||National Awakening Day||Hari Kebangkitan Nasional||1985||In remembrance of the 1908 formation of the first nationalist group, Budi Utomo. Since 2008 it was observed by the Indonesian Doctors' Union as Indonesian Doctors' Service Day (Hari Bakti Dokter Indonesia) as Budi Utomo's founding members are STOVIA students|
|29 May||National Elderly Day||Hari Lanjut Usia Nasional||1996||The date of the opening day of the first plenary meeting of the Investigating Committee for Preparatory Work for Independence (BPUPKI) which was led by Rajiman Wediodiningrat who was 66 at the time of the event in 1945.|
|29 June||National Family Day||Hari Keluarga Nasional (Harganas)||2014|||
|22 July||Attorney Day||Hari Kejaksaan / Hari Bhakti Adhyaksa||1961||The establishment of the Indonesian Attorney as a stand-alone institution in 1960, previously a non-departmental institutions under the Department of Justice.|
|23 July||National Children Day||Hari Anak Nasional||1984|||
|10 August||National Veterans Day||Hari Veteran Nasional||2014|||
|National Technology Uprising Day||Hari Kebangkitan Teknologi Nasional||1995||Commemorates the first flight of the IPTN N-250|
|14 August||Indonesian Scout Movement Day||Hari Pramuka||Commemorates the public inauguration of the Indonesian Scout Movement on 14 August 1961, marked by the handover of the Indonesian scout standard by Presidential Decree. The movement has been established earlier on 20 May in the same year.|
|24 August||Television Day/Anniversary of TVRI||Hari Televisi/Hari Ulang Tahun Televisi Republik Indonesia||The day of the opening ceremony of the 1962 Asian Games. The opening ceremony was the very first programme broadcast for the general public by TVRI (before, the Independence Day celebrations were also broadcast as a test-transmission), which was established as a Lighthouse Project for the Games. Also TVRI's anniversary.|
|11 September||Radio Republik Indonesia Day||Hari Radio Republik Indonesia||Commemorates the takeover of Japanese-military operated radio stations by Indonesians|
|23 September / 21 August(?)||National Maritime Day||Hari Maritim Nasional||1964||The proposal of 21 August as National Maritime Day (the day when the Indonesian independence fighter attacked the Japanese military storage in Pulau Nyamukan (Djamuan Riff), near Surabaya, on 21 August 1945) was disputed by the Association of Indonesian Marine Youth (APMI) because at that time the Indonesian Navy has not been formed. BKR Laut, the predecessor of the Indonesian Navy, was formed later on 10 September 1945. The 23 September date refers to the first (and last) Musyawarah Maritim in 1963, and actually has been established as National Maritime Day in 1964 during the tenure of Sukarno as the president of Indonesia but was overlooked by the recent government.|
|24 September||National Agrarian Day/National Peasants' Day||Hari Agraria Nasional/Hari Tani Nasional||1960||Commemorates the promulgation of the Agrarian Basics Act of 1960 (Undang-Undang Pokok Agraria 1960, formal name: Act No. 5 of 1960 on Basic Law on Agrarian Affairs (Undang-Undang No. 5 Tahun 1960 Tentang Peraturan Dasar Pokok-pokok Agraria))|
|27 September||Post and Telecommunications' Service Day||Hari Bakti Pos dan Telekomunikasi||Commemorates the 1945 takeover of Japanese military-controlled post, telegraph and telephone systems of Java by the Indonesian revolutionary youth. However, Telkom Indonesia and Pos Indonesia do not commemorate this day anymore as their anniversaries; instead they observed their anniversaries at 6 July (to commemorate the separation of post and telecommunications public corporations in 1965) and 26 August (the opening of the first post office in Batavia by the then Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies, Gustaaf Willem van Imhoff, in 1746) respectively|
|28 September||Railway Day/Anniversary of the Indonesian State Railway Company||Hari Kereta Api/Hari Ulang Tahun Perusahaan Perseroan (Persero) PT Kereta Api Indonesia||Commemorates the 1945 takeover of Japanese military-controlled railway systems of Java by the Indonesian Railway Youth (Angkatan Moeda Kereta Api (AMKA, literally "Railway Youth Forces"))|
|1 October||National Day of Pancasila Sanctity and 30 September Movement Memorial Day||Hari Kesaktian Pancasila||1967||Mourning day for the events of 30 September Movement of 1965. The song Gugur Bunga is usually sung in this day|
|2 October||National Batik Day||Hari Batik Nasional||2009||The international designation of the Indonesian batik as a Masterpiece of Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity in 2009.|
|5 October||Indonesian National Armed Forces Day||Hari Tentara Nasional Indonesia||The 1945 founding of Tentara Keamanan Rakyat ("People's Security Forces"), the predecessor of the TNI.|
|22 October||National Santri Day||Hari Santri Nasional||2015||The 1945 date of the declaration by Nahdlatul Ulama that the fight against the Dutch colonial forces was a holy war and obligatory for all Muslims following the declaration of the independence of Indonesia. The declaration is the legal basis for the 1945 Battle of Surabaya in which many fighters are students of Islamic boarding schools (pesantren)|
|28 October||Youth Pledge Day||Hari Sumpah Pemuda||1967||Commemoration of the 1928 Youth Pledge|
|30 October||Indonesian Finance Day||Hari Oeang, Hari Keuangan Republik Indonesia||The printing of the first Oeang Republik Indonesia, the first 'Indonesian rupiah' bank note, in 1946.|
|10 November||Heroes' Day||Hari Pahlawan||Commemoration of the 1945 Battle of Surabaya|
|12 November||Father's Day||Hari Ayah||Established in 2006 following a suggestion by a group of women in Solo.|
|12 November||National Health Day||Hari Kesehatan Nasional||Marks the day when Sukarno officially begins the malaria eradication project by spraying DDT in the village of Kalasan (1959).|
|14 November||Mobile Brigade Day||Hari Brigade Mobil||Founding of the Mobile Brigade in 1946.|
|14 November||World Diabetes Day||Hari Diabetes Sedunia||International observance.|
|15 November||Indonesian Marine Corps Birthday||Hari Juang Korps Marinir||1951||Honors the active and reserve serving men and women and veterans of the Indonesian Marine Corps|
|25 November||Teachers' Day/Anniversary of the Teachers' Union of the Republic of Indonesia||Hari Guru/Hari Ulang Tahun Persatuan Guru Republik Indonesia (PGRI)||Commemorates the Indonesian Teachers' Congress of 24-25 November 1945 in Solo, which established the Teachers' Union of the Republic of Indonesia|
|29 November||Anniversary of the Employees' Corps of the Republic of Indonesia||Hari Ulang Tahun Korps Pegawai Republik Indonesia (KORPRI)||Commemorates the establishment of the Employees' Corps of the Republic of Indonesia (Indonesian: Korps Pegawai Republik Indonesia (KORPRI)) in 1971, originally as the only trade union for civil servants, state- and regional government-owned enterprises and banks, heads of regional government, and all members of the Indonesian National Armed Forces running for government to ensure their loyalty to the New Order. Today KORPRI is the de facto trade union for all civil servants and heads of regional government (some state- and regional-government-owned enterprises and banks now has their own trade unions, and military are not allowed to run for government anymore; KORPRI is still de jure the only trade union for state- and regional government-owned enterprises)|
|13 December||Nusantara Day||Hari Nusantara||2001||The recognition of the boundary of the Indonesian archipelago, started with the announcement of the Deklarasi Djoeanda on 13 December 1957, which eventually leads to the recognition of the principles of the Nusantara in the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea in 1982.|
|15 December||Indonesian Army Day||Hari Juang Kartika||Honors the active and reserve serving men and women and veterans of the Indonesian Army|
|22 December||Mother's Day||Hari Ibu||1959|
Buddha's birthday is a holiday traditionally celebrated in most of East Asia to commemorate the birth of the Prince Siddhartha Gautama, later the Gautama Buddha and founder of Buddhism. It is also celebrated in South and Southeast Asia as Vesak which also acknowledges the enlightenment and death of the Buddha. According to the Theravada Tripitaka scriptures (from Pali, meaning "three baskets"), Gautama was born c. 563/480 BCE in Lumbini in modern-day Nepal, and raised in the Shakya capital of Kapilvastu, in the present day Tilaurakot, Nepal. At the age of thirty five, he attained enlightenment (nirvana) underneath a Bodhi tree at Bodhgaya (modern day India). He delivered his first sermon at Sarnath, India. At the age of eighty, he died at Kushinagar, India.The exact date of Buddha's birthday is based on the Asian lunisolar calendars. The date for the celebration of Buddha's birthday varies from year to year in the Western Gregorian calendar, but usually falls in April or May. In leap years it may be celebrated in June.Chinese New Year
Chinese New Year (or generally referred to as Lunar New Year globally) is the Chinese festival that celebrates the beginning of a new year on the traditional Chinese calendar. The festival is usually referred to as the Spring Festival in mainland China, and is one of several Lunar New Years in Asia. Observances traditionally take place from the evening preceding the first day of the year to the Lantern Festival, held on the 15th day of the year. The first day of Chinese New Year begins on the new moon that appears between 21 January and 20 February. In 2019, the first day of the Chinese New Year was on Tuesday, 5 February, initiating the Year of the Pig.
Chinese New Year is a major holiday in Greater China and has strongly influenced lunar new year celebrations of China's neighbouring cultures, including the Korean New Year (seol), the Tết of Vietnam, and the Losar of Tibet. It is also celebrated worldwide in regions and countries with significant Overseas Chinese populations, including Singapore, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, the Philippines, and Mauritius, as well as many in North America and Europe.Chinese New Year is associated with several myths and customs. The festival was traditionally a time to honour deities as well as ancestors. Within China, regional customs and traditions concerning the celebration of the New Year vary widely, and the evening preceding Chinese New Year's Day is frequently regarded as an occasion for Chinese families to gather for the annual reunion dinner. It is also traditional for every family to thoroughly clean their house, in order to sweep away any ill-fortune and to make way for incoming good luck. Another custom is the decoration of windows and doors with red paper-cuts and couplets. Popular themes among these paper-cuts and couplets include that of good fortune or happiness, wealth, and longevity. Other activities include lighting firecrackers and giving money in red paper envelopes. For the northern regions of China, dumplings are featured prominently in meals celebrating the festival.Christmas traditions
Christmas traditions vary from country to country. Christmas celebrations for many nations include the installing and lighting of Christmas trees, the hanging of Advent wreaths, Christmas stockings, candy canes, setting out cookies and milk, and the creation of Nativity scenes depicting the birth of Jesus Christ. Christmas carols may be sung and stories told about such figures as the Baby Jesus, St Nicholas, Santa Claus, Father Christmas, Christkind or Grandfather Frost. The sending and exchange of Christmas card greetings, observance of fasting and special religious observances such as a midnight Mass or Vespers on Christmas Eve, the burning of a Yule log, and the giving and receiving of presents. Along with Easter, Christmas is one of the most important periods on the Christian calendar, and is often closely connected to other holidays at this time of year, such as Advent, the Feast of the Immaculate Conception, St Nicholas Day, St. Stephen's Day, New Year's, and the Feast of the Epiphany.Cuti bersama
Cuti bersama (or the “joint holiday”, literally collective leave) is a collective leave day in Indonesia. Cuti bersama was introduced by the Indonesian government as a means of stimulating tourism within the country and increasing the efficiency of public servants. The holiday is counted in public servants' overall leave. Most private companies and businesses follow suit by adjusting employees' annual leave in line with government policy. During major religious holidays such as Eid-al-Fitr (Idul Fitri or Lebaran at the end of the Ramadan fasting month), the joint-holiday can span an entire working week.Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr ( eed; Arabic: عيد الفطر ʻĪd al-Fiṭr, IPA: [ʕiːd al fitˤr]) is an important religious holiday celebrated by Muslims worldwide that marks the end of Ramadan, the Islamic holy month of fasting (ṣawm). This religious Eid (Muslim religious festival) is the first and only day in the month of Shawwal during which Muslims are not permitted to fast. The holiday celebrates the conclusion of the 29 or 30 days of dawn-to-sunset fasting during the entire month of Ramadan. The day of Eid, therefore, falls on the first day of the month of Shawwal. The date for the start of any lunar Hijri month varies based on when the new moon is sighted by local religious authorities, so the exact day of celebration varies by locality.
Eid al-Fitr has a particular salat (Islamic prayer) consisting of two rakats (units) and generally offered in an open field or large hall. It may be performed only in congregation (jamāʿat) and has an additional extra six Takbirs (raising of the hands to the ears while saying "Allāhu ʾAkbar" which means "God is the greatest"), three of them in the beginning of the first raka'ah and three of them just before rukūʿ in the second raka'ah in the Hanafi school of Sunni Islam. Other Sunni schools usually have twelve Takbirs, seven in the first, and five at the beginning of the second raka'ah. According to Shia Islam, it has 6 Takbirs in the first Rakat at the end of qira'a, before rukūʿ, and 5 in the second. This Eid al-Fitr salat is, depending on which juristic opinion is followed, farḍ فرض (obligatory), mustaḥabb مستحب (strongly recommended, just short of obligatory) or mandūb مندوب (preferable).
Muslims believe that they are commanded by God, as mentioned in the Quran, to continue their fast until the last day of Ramadan and pay the Zakat al-Fitr before offering the Eid prayers.Good Friday
Good Friday is a Christian holiday commemorating the crucifixion of Jesus and his death at Calvary. It is observed during Holy Week as part of the Paschal Triduum on the Friday preceding Easter Sunday, and may coincide with the Jewish observance of Passover. It is also known as Holy Friday, Great Friday, and Black Friday.Members of many Christian denominations, including the Anglican, Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, Lutheran, Methodist, Oriental Orthodox, and Reformed traditions, observe Good Friday with fasting and church services.The date of Good Friday varies from one year to the next on both the Gregorian and Julian calendars. Eastern and Western Christianity disagree over the computation of the date of Easter and therefore of Good Friday. Good Friday is a widely instituted legal holiday around the world, including in most Western countries and 12 U.S. states. Some countries, such as Germany, have laws prohibiting certain acts, such as dancing and horse racing, that are seen as profaning the solemn nature of the day.Hari Kemerdekaan
Hari Kemerdekaan (Indonesian for: "Independence Day", complete: Hari Kemerdekaan RI, colloquial: Tujuhbelasan) is a national holiday in Indonesia commemorating the Proclamation of Independence of Indonesia on 17 August 1945.Several ceremonies and festive events were held throughout the country to celebrate this national day; including flag hoisting ceremony, local games and competitions held in the neighbourhood, patriotic and cultural parades, and also discounts offered by participating shopping centres or businesses.During this day, most of Indonesian televisions were broadcasting the National Independence Day Ceremony live, held in Merdeka Palace in the capital. Televisions were also often airing Indonesian patriotic songs, nationalistic-themed films, advertising and talkshows.Index of Indonesia-related articles
The following is an alphabetical list of topics related to the Republic of Indonesia.Indonesia National Education Day
Indonesian National Education Day or hari pendidikan nasional abbreviated as HARDIKNASis celebrated on 2 May. It was initiated in remembrance of Ki Hajar Dewantara, the founder of the Taman Siswa education system. His educational philosophy Tut Wuri Handayani means that we can help others learn by coaching and mentoring.And our honorable teachers are celebrate it :)Indonesian National Armed Forces Day
The Indonesian National Armed Forces Day (Hari Tentara Nasional Indonesia, formerly Hari Angkatan Perang RI/Angkatan Bersenjata RI) abbreviated HUT TNI is a national day of Indonesia that is celebrated on 5 October, the day of foundation of the Tentara Keamanan Rakyat (People's Security Armed Forces), the predecessor of the TNI, in 1945, itself a replacement for the Badan Keamanan Rakyat (People's Security Bureau) established on 29 August the same year. Military parades, fun games, concerts and other events are held nationwide in major cities and provincial capitals in honor of the INAF's serving men and women and military veterans.Lebaran
Lebaran or Idul Fitri is the popular name for Eid al-Fitr in Indonesia and is one of the major national holidays in the country. Lebaran holiday officially lasts for two days in the Indonesian calendar, although the government usually declares a few days before and after the Lebaran as a bank holiday. Many individuals or families, especially Muslims take paid time off from their workplace during these days.List of Indonesia-related topics
This is a list of topics related to Indonesia.List of holidays by country
Below are lists of public holidays by country.Mawlid
Mawlid or Mawlid al-Nabi al-Sharif (Arabic: مَولِد النَّبِي mawlidu n-nabiyyi, "Birth of the Prophet", sometimes simply called in colloquial Arabic مولد mawlid, mevlid, mevlit, mulud among other vernacular pronunciations; sometimes ميلاد mīlād) is the observance of the birthday of Islamic prophet Muhammad which is commemorated in Rabi' al-awwal, the third month in the Islamic calendar. 12th Rabi' al-awwal is the accepted date among most of the Sunni scholars, while Shi'a scholars regard 17th Rabi' al-awwal as the accepted date.
The history of this celebration goes back to the early days of Islam when some of the Tabi‘un began to hold sessions in which poetry and songs composed to honour Muhammad were recited and sung to the crowds. The Ottomans declared it an official holiday in 1588,
known as Mevlid Kandil.
The term Mawlid is also used in some parts of the world, such as Egypt, as a generic term for the birthday celebrations of other historical religious figures such as Sufi saints.Most denominations of Islam approve of the commemoration of Muhammad's birthday; however, some denominations including Wahhabism/Salafism, Deobandism and Ahmadiyya disapprove its commemoration, considering it an unnecessary religious innovation (bid'ah or bidat). Mawlid is recognized as a national holiday in most of the Muslim-majority countries of the world except Saudi Arabia and Qatar which are officially Wahhabi/Salafi.Muharram
Muḥarram (Arabic: مُحَرَّم) is the first month of the Islamic calendar. It is one of the four sacred months of the year during which warfare is forbidden. It is held to be the second holiest month, after Ramaḍān. Since the Islamic calendar is a lunar calendar, Muharram moves from year to year when compared with the Gregorian calendar.
The tenth day of Muharram is known as the Day of Ashura, part of the Mourning of Muharram for Shia Muslims and a day of fasting for Sunni Muslims. The practice of fasting during Ashura stems from the hadith that Musa (Moses) and his people obtained a victory over the Egyptian Pharaoh on the 10th day of Muharram; accordingly Muhammad asked Muslims to fast on this day and on the day prior, the Day of Tasu'a.
Shia Muslims mourn the death of Ḥusayn ibn ʿAlī and his family, honoring the martyrs by prayer and abstinence from joyous events. Shia Muslims do not fast on the 10th of Muharram, but some will not eat or drink until zawal (afternoon) to show their sympathy with Husayn. In addition there is an important ziyarat book, the Ziyarat Ashura about Husayn ibn Ali. In the Shia sect, it is popular to read this ziyarat on this date.New Year's Day
New Year's Day, also simply called New Year or New Year's, is observed on January 1, the first day of the year on the modern Gregorian calendar as well as the Julian calendar.
In pre-Christian Rome under the Julian calendar, the day was dedicated to Janus, god of gateways and beginnings, for whom January is also named. As a date in the Gregorian calendar of Christendom, New Year's Day liturgically marked the Feast of the Naming and Circumcision of Jesus, which is still observed as such in the Anglican Church and Lutheran Church.
In present day, with most countries now using the Gregorian calendar as their de facto calendar, New Year's Day is probably the most celebrated public holiday, often observed with fireworks at the stroke of midnight as the new year starts in each time zone. Other global New Year's Day traditions include making New Year's resolutions and calling one's friends and family.Nyepi
Nyepi is a Balinese "Day of Silence" that is commemorated every Isakawarsa (Saka new year) according to the Balinese calendar (in 2019, it falls on March 7). It is a Hindu celebration mainly celebrated in Bali, Indonesia. Nyepi, a public holiday in Indonesia, is a day of silence, fasting and meditation for the Balinese. The day following Nyepi is also celebrated as New Year's Day. On this day, the youth of Bali in the village of Sesetan in South Bali practice the ceremony of Omed-omedan or 'The Kissing Ritual' to celebrate the new year. The same day celebrated in India as Ugadi.
Observed from 6 a.m. until 6 a.m. the next morning, Nyepi is a day reserved for self-reflection, and as such, anything that might interfere with that purpose is restricted. The main restrictions are no lighting fires (and lights must be kept low); no working; no entertainment or pleasure; no traveling; and, for some, no talking or eating at all. The effect of these prohibitions is that Bali's usually bustling streets and roads are empty, there is little or no noise from TVs and radios, and few signs of activity are seen even inside homes. The only people to be seen outdoors are the Pecalang, traditional security men who patrol the streets to ensure the prohibitions are being followed.
Although Nyepi is primarily a Hindu holiday, non-Hindu residents and tourists are not exempt from the restrictions. Although they are free to do as they wish inside their hotels, no one is allowed onto the beaches or streets, and the only airport in Bali remains closed for the entire day. The only exceptions granted are for emergency vehicles responding to life-threatening conditions and women about to give birth.On the day after Nyepi, known as Ngembak Geni (Relighting the Fire), social activity picks up again quickly, as families and friends gather to ask forgiveness from one another, and to perform certain religious rituals together. Fires and electricity are allowed again, and cooking of food resumes.Outline of Indonesia
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Indonesia:
Indonesia – sovereign island nation located in Southeast Asia comprising more than 17,000 islands of the Maritime Southeast Asia.Vesak
Vesak (Pali: Vesākha, Sanskrit: Vaiśākha), also known as Buddha Jayanti, Buddha Purnima and Buddha Day, is a holiday traditionally observed by Buddhists and some Hindus on different days in India, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Tibet, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Indonesia, Singapore, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Mongolia and the Philippines and in China, Japan, South Korea, North Korea, Taiwan and Vietnam as "Buddha's Birthday" as well as in other parts of the world. The festival commemorates the birth, enlightenment (Buddhahood), and death (Parinirvāna) of Gautama Buddha in the Theravada or southern tradition.
Public holidays in Asia
Public holidays in Oceania
of New Zealand
and other territories