Public Knowledge Project

Not to be confused with Public Knowledge, a non-profit in Washington D.C.
Public Knowledge Project
FounderJohn Willinsky

The Public Knowledge Project is a non-profit research initiative that is focused on the importance of making the results of publicly funded research freely available through open access policies, and on developing strategies for making this possible including software solutions. It is a partnership between the Faculty of Education at the University of British Columbia, the Canadian Centre for Studies in Publishing at Simon Fraser University, the University of Pittsburgh, Ontario Council of University Libraries, the California Digital Library and the School of Education at Stanford University.[1] It seeks to improve the scholarly and public quality of academic research through the development of innovative online environments.


The PKP was founded in 1998 by John Willinsky in the Department of Language and Literacy Education at the Faculty of Education at the University of British Columbia, in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, based on his research in education and publishing.[1] Willinsky is a leading advocate of open access publishing, and has written extensively on the value of public research.[2]

The PKP’s initial focus was on increasing access to scholarly research and output beyond the traditional academic environments. This soon led to a related interest in scholarly communication and publishing, and especially on ways to make it more cost effective and less reliant on commercial enterprises and their generally restricted access models. PKP has developed free, open source software for the management, publishing, and indexing of journals, conferences, and monographs.

The PKP has collaborated with a wide range of partners interested in making research publicly available, including the Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition (SPARC), the Brazilian Institute for Information Science and Technology (IBICT), and the International Network for the Availability of Scientific Publications (INASP).

Together with INASP, the PKP is working with publishers, librarians, and academics in the development of scholarly research portals in the developing world, including African Journals OnLine (AJOL) and Asia Journals Online.[3]

As of 2008, the PKP has joined the Synergies Canada initiative, contributing their technical expertise to integrating work being done within a five-party consortium to create a decentralized national platform for social sciences and humanities research communication in Canada.

Growth 2005 to 2009

The Public Knowledge Project grew between 2005 and 2009. In 2006, there were approximately 400 journals using Open Journal Systems (OJS), 50 conferences using Open Conference Systems (OCS), 4 organizations using the Harvester, and 350 members registered on the online support forum. In 2009, over 5000 journals were using OJS, more than 500 conferences were using OCS, at least 10 organizations are using the Harvester, and there were over 2400 members on the support forum.

Since 2005, there were major releases (version 2) of three software modules (OJS, OCS, Harvester), as well as the addition of Lemon8-XML, with a growing number of downloads being recorded every month for all of the software. From June 12, 2009 to December 21, 2009, there were 28451 downloads of OJS, 6329 of OCS, 1255 of the Harvester, and 1096 of Lemon8-XML. A new module, Open Monograph Press (a publication management system for monographs) has also been released.

The PKP also witnessed increased community programming contributions, including new plugins and features, such as the subscription module, allowing OJS to support full open access, delayed open access, or full subscription-only access. A growing number of translations have been contributed by community members, with Croatian, English, French, German, Italian, Japanese, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish, Turkish, and Vietnamese versions of OJS completed, and several others in production.

Growth from 2010

A German platform, based on OJS, is being developed by the Center for Digital Systems (CeDiS), Free University of Berlin and two other institutions.[4] Funding by the German Research Foundation (DFG) initially runs from 2014 to 2016.

PKP conferences

The PKP holds a biannual conference. The First PKP Scholarly Publishing Conference was held in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada on July 11–13, 2007[5] and the Second PKP Scholarly Publishing Conference was also held in Vancouver on July 8–10, 2009.[6] The Third PKP Scholarly Publishing Conference was held in Berlin, Germany between 26–28 September 2011.[7] The fourth PKP Scholarly Publishing Conference was held in Mexico City, Mexico in August 19–21, 2013.[8]

Notes on the presentations were recorded on a scholarly publishing blog for both the 2007 [9] and 2009 [10] conferences, and selected papers from the 2007 conference were published in a special issue of the online journal First Monday.[11] Papers from the 2009 conference are available in the inaugural issue of the journal Scholarly and Research Communication.[12]


The PKP's suite of software includes four separate, but inter-related applications to demonstrate the feasibility of open access: the Open Journal Systems, the Open Conference Systems, the PKP Open Archives Harvester, and Open Monograph Press. PKP briefly experimented with a fifth application, Lemon8-XML, but has since opted to incorporate the XML functionality into the existing applications. All of the products are open source and freely available to anyone interested in using them. They share similar technical requirements (PHP, MySQL, Apache or Microsoft IIS 6, and a Linux, BSD, Solaris, Mac OS X, or Windows operating system) and need only a minimal level of technical expertise to get up and running. In addition, the software is well supported with a free, online support forum and a growing body of publications and documentation is available on the project web site.

Increasingly, institutions are combining the PKP software, using OJS to publish their research results, OCS to organize their conferences and publish the proceedings, and the OAI Harvester to organize and make the metadata from these publications searchable. Together with other open source software applications such as DSpace (for creating institutional research repositories), institutions are creating their own infrastructure for sharing their research output.

Involved parties

It is a partnership among the following entities:

See also


  1. ^ a b c "About". Public Knowledge Project. Retrieved 21 August 2013.
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2006-12-08. Retrieved 2006-11-21.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link) PKP Bibliography
  3. ^ "About". Asia Journals Online. Retrieved 21 August 2013.
  4. ^ "". Retrieved 2016-09-15.
  5. ^ "PKP Scholarly Publishing Conference 2007". Public Knowledge Project. Retrieved 21 August 2013.
  6. ^ "International PKP Scholarly Publishing Conference 2009". Public Knowledge Project. Retrieved 21 August 2013.
  7. ^ "PKP Scholarly Publishing Conference 2011". Public Knowledge Project. Retrieved 21 August 2013.
  8. ^ "PKP Scholarly Publishing Conference 2013". Public Knowledge Project. Retrieved 21 August 2013.
  9. ^ [1] PKP 2007 Conference Blog
  10. ^ [2] PKP 2009 Conference Blog
  11. ^ "Public Knowledge Project: Selected papers from the Scholarly Publishing Conference, 11-13 July 2007". First Monday. 12 (10). October 2007. Retrieved 21 August 2013.
  12. ^ "Volume 4, Issue 1". Scholarly and Research Communication. Retrieved 21 August 2013.

External links

Academic journal publishing reform

Academic journal publishing reform is the advocacy for changes in the way academic journals are created and distributed in the age of the Internet and the advent of electronic publishing. Since the rise of the Internet, people have organized campaigns to change the relationships among and between academic authors, their traditional distributors and their readership. Most of the discussion has centered on taking advantage of benefits offered by the Internet's capacity for widespread distribution of reading material.

African Journals OnLine

African Journals OnLine (AJOL) is a South African non-profit organisation dedicated to improving the online visibility of and access to the published scholarly research of African-based academics. It is headquartered in Grahamstown. By using the internet as a gateway, AJOL aims to enhance conditions for African learning to be translated into African development.


INASP is an international development charity working with a global network of partners to improve access, production and use of research information and knowledge, so that countries are equipped to solve their development challenges.

Based in Oxford and governed by an international Board of Trustees, INASP is run with a small number of full-time staff working with, and through, partners and networks in over one hundred countries. INASP's work is funded by its partner countries, governmental and non-governmental development agencies, and philanthropic foundations.

International Journal of Conflict and Violence

The International Journal of Conflict and Violence (IJCV) is an open access interdisciplinary scientific journal covering conflict- and violence-research. It has been published twice a year in English since 2007 and encompasses contributions from a wide range of disciplines including sociology, political science, education, social psychology, criminology, ethnology, history, political philosophy, urban studies, economics, and the study of religions.The editors-in-chief are Andreas Zick (University of Bielefeld), Steven F. Messner, (University at Albany, SUNY), Gary LaFree, (University of Maryland, College Park) and Ekaterina Stepanova (IMEMO, Russian Academy of Sciences) and is sponsored by the Institute for Interdisciplinary Research on Conflict and Violence (Institut für interdisziplinäre Konflikt- und Gewaltforschung, IKG) and the German Research Foundation (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, DFG).

John Willinsky

John Willinsky (born 1950) is a Canadian educator, activist, and author. Willinsky is currently on the faculty of the Stanford Graduate School of Education where he is the Khosla Family Professor. He is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada. He retains a partial appointment at SFU where he directs the Public Knowledge Project.

Journal Article Tag Suite

The Journal Article Tag Suite (JATS) is an XML format used to describe scientific literature published online. It is a technical standard developed by the National Information Standards Organization (NISO) and approved by the American National Standards Institute with the code Z39.96-2012.

The NISO project was a continuation of the work done by NLM/NCBI, and popularized by the NLM's PubMed Central as a de facto standard for archiving and interchange of scientific open-access journals and its contents with XML.

With the NISO standardization the NLM initiative has gained a wider reach, and several other repositories, such as SciELO and Redalyc, adopted the XML formatting for scientific articles.

The JATS provides a set of XML elements and attributes for describing the textual and graphical content of journal articles

as well as some non-article material such as letters, editorials, and book and product reviews.

JATS allows for descriptions of the full article content or just the article header metadata;

and allows other kinds of contents, including research and non-research articles, letters, editorials, and book and product reviews.

Library publishing

Library publishing, also known as campus-based publishing, is the practice of an academic library providing publishing services.

List of open-access projects

Some of the most important open-access publishing projects or lists of such projects are listed below.

Mega journal

A mega journal (also mega-journal and megajournal) is a peer-reviewed academic open access journal designed to be much larger than a traditional journal by exercising low selectivity among accepted articles. It was pioneered by PLOS ONE. This highly lucrative publishing model was soon emulated by other publishers.

Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting

The Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting (OAI-PMH) is a protocol developed for harvesting metadata descriptions of records in an archive so that services can be built using metadata from many archives. An implementation of OAI-PMH must support representing metadata in Dublin Core, but may also support additional representations.The protocol is usually just referred to as the OAI Protocol.

OAI-PMH uses XML over HTTP. Version 2.0 of the protocol was released in 2002; the document was last updated in 2015. It has a Creative Commons license BY-SA.

Open Journal Systems

Open Journal Systems (OJS) is an open-source software for the management of peer-reviewed academic journals, and is created by the Public Knowledge Project, released under the GNU General Public License.

Open Library of Humanities

The Open Library of Humanities is a non-profit open access publisher for the humanities and social sciences led by Martin Paul Eve and Caroline Edwards. It is also a megajournal which was initially modelled on the Public Library of Science but is not affiliated with it.

Open access

Open access (OA) is a mechanism by which research outputs are distributed online, free of cost or other barriers, and, in its most precise meaning, with the addition of an open license applied to promote reuse.Academic articles (as historically seen in print-based academic journals) have been the main focus of the movement. Conventional (non-open access) journals cover publishing costs through access tolls such as subscriptions, site licenses or pay-per-view charges. Open access can be applied to all forms of published research output, including peer-reviewed and non peer-reviewed academic journal articles, conference papers, theses, book chapters, and monographs.

Open access in Canada

In Canada the Institutes of Health Research effected a policy of open access in 2008, which in 2015 expanded to include the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council and Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council. The Public Knowledge Project began in 1998 at University of British Columbia. Notable Canadian advocates for open access include Leslie Chan, Jean-Claude Guédon, Stevan Harnad, Heather Morrison, and John Willinsky.

PKP (disambiguation)

PKP may stand for:

Partido Komunista ng Pilipinas-1930, original Filipino communist party

Partido Komunista ng Pilipinas, underground Filipino Maoist party

Pembroke-King's Programme, study abroad programme in Pembroke College in the University of Cambridge

Phi Kappa Phi, oldest all-discipline honor society in the United States

Phi Kappa Psi, American social fraternity

Pi Kappa Phi, U.S. social fraternity

Pierre Karl Péladeau, former leader of the Parti Québécois and largest shareholder in Quebecor Inc.

PKP "Pecheneg", Russian machine gun

Polish State Railways (Polish: Polskie Koleje Państwowe), railway operator

Political Consultative Committee (Polityczny Komitet Porozumiewawczy), a World War II Polish political organization

HTTP Public Key Pinning, security feature

Public Knowledge Project, non-profit research initiative

Purple-K, fire-extinguishing agent

PKP Open Archives Harvester

The PKP Open Archives Harvester is software used to accumulate and index freely available metadata, providing a searchable, web-based interface. It is open source, released under the GNU General Public License. It was created and is maintained by the Public Knowledge Project, in Vancouver, Canada.

Originally developed to harvest the metadata from Open Journal Systems articles and Open Conference Systems proceedings, the Harvester can by used with any OAI-PMH-compliant resource.

It can harvest metadata in a variety of schemas (including unqualified Dublin Core, the PKP Dublin Core extension, the Metadata Object Description Schema (MODS), and MARCXML). Additional schema are supported via plugins.

The PKP OA Harvester allows any institution to create their own metadata harvester, which can be focused specifically on gathering information from or for their research community.

Public Knowledge

Not to be confused with Public Knowledge Project, a non-profit.Public Knowledge is a non-profit Washington, D.C.-based public interest group that is involved in intellectual property law, competition, and choice in the digital marketplace, and an open standards/end-to-end internet.

Scandinavian Political Studies

Scandinavian Political Studies is a quarterly peer-reviewed academic journal covering political science in the Nordic countries published by Wiley-Blackwell. The current joint editors-in-chief are Åse Gornitzka (Oslo University) and Carl Henrik Knutsen (Oslo University).

Timeline of the open-access movement

The following is a timeline of the international movement for open access to scholarly communication.

Projects +

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