Provincial superior

A provincial superior is a major superior of a religious institute acting under the institute's Superior General and exercising a general supervision over all the members of that institute in a territorial division of the order called a province—similar to but not to be confused with an ecclesiastical province made up of particular churches or dioceses under the supervision of a Metropolitan Bishop. The division of a religious institute into provinces is generally along geographical lines, and may consist of one or more countries, or of only a part of a country. There may be, however, one or more houses of one province situated within the physical territory of another since the jurisdiction over the individual religious is personal rather than territorial. The title of the office is often abbreviated to Provincial.

Among the friars and Third Order Religious Sisters of the Augustinian, Carmelite and Dominican orders, the title "Prior Provincial" or Prioress Provincial is generally used. The Friars Minor, in contrast, use the title "Minister Provincial", in line with their emphasis on living as brothers to one another.


The old orders had no provincial superiors; even when the monasteries were united to form congregations, the arch-abbot of each congregation was in the position of a superior general whose powers were limited to particular cases, almost like the powers of a metropolitan archbishop over the dioceses of his suffragans. Provincial superiors are found in the institutes of more recent formation, which began with the mendicant orders. The Holy See hesitated for a long time before allowing the division of congregations with simple vows, especially congregations of women, into different provinces as a regular institution, and some congregations have no such division.

The Provincial Superior is ordinarily elected by the Provincial Chapter, subject to confirmation by the Superior General or the General Chapter, depending on the regulations of the particular groups (in the Society of Jesus he is directly appointed by the Father General). The "Regulations" (Normae) of 18 June 1901, vest the appointment of the provincial in the general council. The provincial superior is never elected for life, but ordinarily for three or six years. In religious orders with clerics, he is a regular prelate, and has the rank of ordinary with quasi-episcopal jurisdiction. In religious institutes whether of men or of women, he or she appoints the regular confessors, calls together the Provincial Chapter, presides over its deliberations, and takes care that the orders of the General Chapter and the Superior General are properly carried out. He or she is an ex officio member of the chapter. His or her principal duty is to make regular visitations of the houses of the province in the name of the General and to report to the latter on all the religious and the property of the order; authority over the various houses and local superiors differs in different orders. He or she has, in many cases, the right of appointment to the less important offices. For institutes of men, at the end of his term of office, the provincial is bound, according to the Constitution "Nuper" of Innocent XII (23 December 1697), to prove that he has complied with all the precepts of that decree concerning Masses; if he fails to do so, he loses his right to be elected and to vote in the general chapter.


A unique case was eastern Paraguay, where the Spanish colonial authorities allowed the Jesuit missionaries to establish both the Catholic faith and a unique, humane regime for the local Guarani Indian tribes, making their provincial superior the governor of the first autonomous Indian reserve, known as the (Jesuit) Misiones or Reducciones, till 1667, ten years after a Guarani rebellion against increased abuse by the regular colonial authorities: the territory lost its status and was divided up between Spain (then under the viceroyalty of la Plata, previously part of Upper Peru) and Portugal (Brazil).

List of notable provincial superiors


  •  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainHerbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Provincial" . Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton.

External links

Bienvenido Nebres

Bienvenido F. Nebres is a Filipino scientist, mathematician, and Jesuit who was the longest-serving university president of the Ateneo de Manila University. He succeeded Joaquin G. Bernas in 1993, and served as University President until 1 June 2011. He currently sits as a member of the board of trustees of Georgetown University, Regis University, the Asian Institute of Management (where he sits as Vice-Chair), and other colleges and universities in the Philippines. He is also a member of the board of directors of Philippine Long Distance Telephone Company, and is currently chairman of the Synergeia Foundation. He was also Provincial Superior of the Society of Jesus in the Philippines.Nebres served as the Ateneo's university president for more than 18 years. His term was extended for him to lead the Ateneo through the completion of key initiatives as well as its sesquicentennial celebration, and was again extended until June 1, 2011, after which he was succeeded by Jose Ramon Villarin as the Ateneo's university president.Since his return to the Philippines in 1970 after graduate studies abroad, Nebres has worked on three major areas: teaching and development of mathematics and science in the Philippines and in Southeast Asia; administration in the university and in the Jesuit Order; and leadership in the socio-political concerns of the Philippines during the years of martial law and in the early years of democratic restoration. In the 1990s, he also became more involved in the business world, particularly in the relationships between universities and business and technology.

In 2011, he was named National Scientist of the Philippines upon the recommendation of the National Academy of Science & Technology.


Buzuk may refer to:

Buzuk, the Albanian word for Bouzouki, a chordophone used in folk music

Andrija Buzuk, 1891–1894, provincial superior of the Franciscan province Bosna Argentina

Community of the Holy Name

This article is about the Anglican women's community in Europe and Africa. There is another Anglican women's community of the same name in Australia.

The Community of the Holy Name (CHN) is an international Anglican religious order for women. The full name of the community is The Community of the Mission Sisters of the Holy Name of Jesus, usually shortened to Community of the Holy Name. The order currently operates in Europe and Africa. There is also an order operating in Australia with the same name which has an independent history, having been founded entirely separately.


A consultor is one who gives counsel, i.e., a counselor.

In the Catholic Church, it is a specific title for various advisory positions:

in the Roman Curia, a consultor is a specially appointed expert who may be called upon for advice desired by a department. Consultors, who can be members of the clergy, female or male religious, or laity, and possibly even non-Catholics, are called upon according to need and according to their competence in specific fields. The decisions are then made by the cardinals and (since the Second Vatican Council) bishops who are members of the department, those of the greatest importance being made at plenary meetings, held in principle every year, at which even those members not resident in Rome take part, while those that are important but of ordinary character are taken at the more frequent ordinary meetings, and the day-to-day routine work is done by the prefect or president of the department, assisted by the secretary and under-secretary and the other members of the staff.

in a diocese, the college of consultors consists of priests charged with advising the bishop; some decisions require that they be given a hearing, others require their consent; when a sede vacante situation arises, the college of consultors is obliged to elect a diocesan administrator within eight days of receiving notice of the vacancy.

in certain regular congregations (i.e. religious orders) consultors can advise the superior-general, (e.g. the six geographically diverse consultors to the superior general of the Passionists), provincial superior (e.g. Redemptorist Vice-provincials), or a local superior.

Court Martial Appeal Court of Canada

The Court Martial Appeal Court of Canada (CMAC) (French: Cour d'appel de la cour martiale du Canada) hears appeals from Courts-martial of Canada ("courts martial").

In Canada, courts martial are presided over by independent military judges from the office of the Chief Military Judge. They have the jurisdiction to try military personnel, and those civilian personnel that accompany military personnel abroad, for crimes that contravene the Code of Service Discipline and the National Defence Act; which incorporates many of the offences under the Criminal Code and related statutes.

The CMAC was established in 1959 by Parliament under the National Defence Act, to replace the Court Martial Appeal Board. Due to the court's small caseload, justices of the CMAC are cross-appointed from justices of provincial superior courts and the Federal Court and Federal Court of Appeal. Appeals from the CMAC lie with the Supreme Court of Canada. Appeals require leave from the Supreme Court, unless a justice of the CMAC dissents on a question of law, in which case there is an appeal as of right to the Supreme Court.

Horacio de la Costa

Horacio de la Costa (May 9, 1916 – March 20, 1977) was the first Filipino Provincial Superior of the Society of Jesus in the Philippines, and a recognized authority in Philippine and Asian culture and history.

A brilliant writer, scholar, and historian, Horacio de la Costa was born in Maúban, Quezon on May 9, 1916 to Judge Sixto de la Costa and Emiliana Villamayor. Ordained a Jesuit priest at the age of 30, he became, at age 55, the first Filipino provincial superior of this religious order, the Society of Jesus.

Justo de Santa María de Oro

Justo de Santa María de Oro y Albarracín (3 March 1772–19 October 1836) was an Argentine statesman and bishop. He was an influential representative in the Congress of Tucumán, which on 9 July 1816, declared the Independence of Argentina.

Santa María de Oro was born in San Juan. His father was Juan Miguel de Oro Bustamante y Cossio, and his mother Elena de Albarracín y Ladrón de Guevara. He was educated at the Convent of Santo Domingo, then went to Chile to enter the Convent of Santo Domingo of Santiago. He gained his doctorate at the Royal University of San Felipe, and by the age of 20 was already teaching theology. At 21 he was ordained by Bishop Sobrino y Minayo.

In 1814 he crossed the Andes with many Chilean patriots and met General José de San Martín; they became friends and collaborators. He helped to found and equip the Army of the Andes.

In 1815, Santa María de Oro was elected by San Juan to the Congress of Tucumán and served in 1816 for the declaration. He was firmly in favour of a republic and opposed those who wanted a constitutional monarchy, also believing that the people should decide.

Santa María de Oro returned to San Juan and then to Chile where he was appointed Provincial superior of his order. In 1828 he was appointed by the Pope as Apostolic Vicar in San Juan, part of the diocese of Córdoba. In 1830 he became Bishop of Taumaco and in 1834 the first Bishop of the newly created Roman Catholic Archdiocese of San Juan de Cuyo.

Santa María de Oro was a second cousin to Domingo Sarmiento, President of Argentina between 1868 and 1874.

Louis Vitale

Louis Vitale, OFM, (born June 1, 1932) is a Franciscan priest, activist, and a co-founder of Nevada Desert Experience. He has engaged in civil disobedience for nearly four decades in pursuit of peace and justice, and has been arrested more than 400 times. Vitale says that St. Francis, Gandhi and Martin Luther King, Jr., provide him with inspiration.Vitale served as the provincial superior of the Franciscan Friars of the Province of St. Barbara, from 1979 to 1988. Then he served as the pastor at St. Boniface Catholic Church in the tenderloin of San Francisco, California. He has a Ph.D. in Sociology from the University of California, Los Angeles.Vitale has been involved in trying to raise awareness about issues of torture and the US involvement. To that end, he was arrested alongside Fr. Stephen Kelly, SJ, at Fort Huachuca in Arizona in November 2006. His legal defense team included William P. Quigley.

In 2003,. Vitale received the Domestic Human Rights Award from Global Exchange at the third annual ceremony.

Vitale, Kathy Kelly, Stephen Kelly, John Dear, Eve Tetaz, and others were also arrested at Creech Air Force Base on Wednesday April 9, 2009, while engaged in protesting UAV attacks in Pakistan.Vitale registered to join the Gaza Freedom March – a political campaign to end the blockade of the Gaza Strip – at the end of December.In November 2009, Vitale crossed the line at Ft Benning to protest the Western Hemisphere Institute for Security Cooperation. He served six months in a federal prison for that action.

In December 2009, Vitale joined fellow pacifist and writer Father John Dear on a trip to Cairo, part of a journey through the Sinai Peninsula into Gaza. Their plan was to join over 1300 people from 42 nations who were in Cairo for a Gaza Freedom March on December 31, but after being stopped by the Egyptian government from making the trek, Vitale and Dear joined 22 others in a fast and protest, vowing to walk to Gaza. They were surrounded and detained by police. Vitale plans a presentation about his Gaza experience on January 22 at St. Boniface Church in San Francisco.

In November 2010, Vitale again crossed the line at Ft Benning to protest the U.S. Army's Western Hemisphere Institute for Security Cooperation. He is currently serving six months at FCI Lompoc for that action.

Mount St Mary's College

Mount St Mary's College is an independent, co-educational, day and boarding school situated at Spinkhill, Derbyshire, near Sheffield, England. It was founded in 1842 as 'The College of the Immaculate Conception at Spinkhill' by Fr Randal Lythgoe, the Provincial Superior of the Society of Jesus (better known as the Jesuits), and is still under the trusteeship of the Society. Although most teaching staff are lay members, the school still retains its Catholic ethos and values.Its affiliated preparatory school is Barlborough Hall School, just 2.2 miles down the road.


A preacher is a person who delivers sermons or homilies on religious topics to an assembly of people. Less common are preachers who preach on the street, or those whose message is not necessarily religious, but who preach components such as a moral or social worldview or philosophy.


Provincial may refer to:

Provincial capitals, an administrative sub-national capital of a country

Provincial Osorno, a football club from Chile

Provincial examinations, a school-leaving exam in British Columbia, Canada

A provincial superior of a religious order

The Provincial sector of British Rail, which was later renamed Regional Railways

Provincial Airlines, a Canadian airline

Provincial park, the equivalent of national parks in the Canadian provinces

Provincial city (disambiguation), a type of city in the People's Republic of China

Provincial Secretary, a position in Canadian government

Provincial Reconstruction Team, a military unit used by Western forces in Afghanistan

Provincial council (disambiguation), various meanings

Member of Provincial Parliament (disambiguation), a title for legislators in Ontario, Canada as well as Eastern Cape Province, South Africa.

Sub-provincial city in the People's Republic of China

Provincial Court, a type of law court in Canada

Provincial symbols such as those of Canada

Provincial (album), the first solo album by John K. Samson

Provincial symbol, is a fauna or animal that is chosen by a province as a symbol or emblem for that province.

Sacred Heart Parish Kamuning

The Sacred Heart Parish Shrine - Kamuning is a Catholic parish in the Kamuning District of Quezon City in the Philippines. It was established on October 3, 1941, making it the first parish in Quezon City. The parish has been in the pastoral care and administration of the Society of the Divine Word since even before its founding. Kamuning was a government housing project of then Philippine Commonwealth President Manuel Luis Quezon. Kamuning was known then as Barrio Obrero II.

The Sacred Heart of Jesus Parish parish center is located at the intersection of Scout Ybardolaza Street, Scout Fuentebella Street and Scout Fernandez Street. The parish is part of the Diocese of Cubao[1].

The parish celebrates its annual fiesta on the movable feast Solemnity of the Most Sacred Heart according to the liturgical calendar of the Catholic Church, the Friday right after the Solemnity of the Body and Blood of Christ, also known as Corpus Christi.

Formerly known as Barrio Obrero II, was a housing project site for government employees and their families. Late in 1939, the Kamuning Residents' Association sought pastoral care from the Society of the Divine World (SVD). The First Mass was celebrated where the Kamuning Public Market now stands, on that year's Christmas Eve. In the early 1940s, the parish boundaries reached as far east toward Loyola Heights and westward up to the Mabuhay Rotonda. About a year later, on October 1, 1941, the Sacred Heart of Jesus Parish was established, and it has been in the care of the SVD missionaries since then. Today, the parish covers five barangays – Kamuning, Sacred Heart, South Triangle, Kristong Hari, Kalusugan, and part of Obrero. According to Philippines 2000 Census, the parish jurisdiction has a resident population of 43,074 people.

The Society of the Divine Word (SVD) was founded on September 8, 1875 by St. Arnold Janssen in Steyl, Netherlands. The SVD is one of the largest Ad Gentes Catholic religious male congregations in the world with over 6,000 members (priests and brothers) worldwide. The current Superior-General of the SVD is Rev. Fr. Paulus Budi Klenden. The Sacred Heart of Jesus Parish-Shrine is in the SVD Philippine Central Province, which is headed by a Provincial Superior. The current Provincial Superior of SVD PHC is Rev. Fr. Jerome Marquez, SVD who is also former parish priest and first rector of the Shrine.

A recent significant development in the history of the parish is the canonical dedication of the Shrine of the Divine Word, which is the chapel in the Christ the King Mission Seminary located along E. Rodriguez Sr. Avenue. The chapel became the Shrine on December 25, 2006 and Bishop Honesto F. Ongtioco of the Diocese of Cubao presided over the dedication rites. The Christ the King Mission Seminary is of the Society of the Divine Word and was established in 1933.

Summary offence

A summary offence is a crime in some common law jurisdictions that can be proceeded against summarily, without the right to a jury trial and/or indictment (required for an indictable offence).

Superior general

A Superior General or General Superior is the leader or head of a religious institute in the Roman Catholic Church. The Superior General usually holds supreme executive authority in the religious order, while the general chapter has legislative authority.The figure of Superior General first emerged in the thirteenth century with the development of the centralized government of the Mendicant Orders. The Friars Minor (Franciscans) organized their community under a Minister General, and the Order of Preachers (Dominicans) appointed a Master General.Due to restrictions on women religious, especially the obligation of cloister for nuns, congregations of women were not initially able to organize with their own Superior General. In 1609, Mary Ward was the superior general of a religious institute that imitated the Jesuit model, but the institute was not accepted by the Roman Curia. It was in the nineteenth century that religious congregations of women were able to organize with a General Superior and the role is now very common. Mother Teresa, for example, was the Mother General of the Missionaries of Charity. Following the Second Vatican Council women religious formed the International Union of Superiors General.

In canon law, the generic term Supreme Moderator is used instead of Superior General. Many orders and congregations use their own title for the person who holds this position. Some examples are:

Abbot general


Master general

Minister General

Mother General

Prior General

Rector general

General Director / DirectressIn many cases there is an intermediate level between the Superior General and the superior of the individual monasteries or of equivalent communities, often named the provincial superior.

The Venerable

The Venerable is used as a style or epithet in several Christian churches. It is also the common English-language translation of a number of Buddhist titles, and is used as a word of praise in some cases.

Thomas F. Mulledy

Thomas F. Mulledy (August 12, 1794 – July 20, 1860), occasionally spelled Mullady, was an American Catholic priest from Virginia. He entered the Society of Jesus and was educated for the priesthood in Rome. He went on to become twice the President of Georgetown College in Washington, D.C. At Georgetown, he undertook a significant building campaign, which resulted in Gervase Hall and Mulledy Hall (later renamed Isaac Hawkins Hall). He also served as the second provincial superior of the newly established Maryland province of the Jesuit order, during which time he orchestrated the sale of the province's slaves to settle its debts. This resulted in an outcry from his fellow Jesuits in Maryland and severe censure by the church authorities in Rome, who exiled him to Nice for several years. Following his return to the United States, he was appointed the first President of the College of the Holy Cross in 1843 and oversaw its establishment, including the construction of its first building. In retirement, he was prolific in delivering sermons at Holy Cross, and played a role in seeing the college through investigations by the Know Nothing Party.

Varkey Vithayathil

Mar Varkey Vithayathil ܡܸܛܪܵܦܘܿܠܝܼܛܵܐ ܘܬܲܪܐ ܕܟܠ ܗܸܢܕܘܿ ܡܵܪܲܢ ܡܵܪܝ ܓܝܼܘܲܪܓܝܼܣ ܡܸܛܪܵܦܘܿܠܝܼܛܵܐ C.Ss.R. (29 May 1927 – 1 April 2011) was an Indian cardinal, serving as Major Archbishop of Ernakulam-Angamaly and head of the Syro-Malabar Catholic Church. He was also a religious priest of the Congregation of the Most Holy Redeemer.

William McSherry

William McSherry (July 19, 1799 – December 18, 1839) was an American Catholic priest and Jesuit. The son of Irish immigrants, McSherry was educated at Georgetown University, where he entered the Society of Jesus. As one of the first Americans to complete the traditional Jesuit course of training, he was sent to Rome to be educated for the priesthood. There, he made several discoveries of significant, forgotten holdings in the Jesuit archives, which improved historians' knowledge of the early European settling of Maryland and of the language of Indian tribes there. McSherry went on to become the first provincial superior of the Jesuits' Maryland province from 1833 to 1837, during which time he laid the groundwork for the 1838 sale of the province's slaves. He then briefly became the President of Georgetown University in 1837, and was simultaneously made provincial superior for a second time in 1839, despite suffering illness to which he would succumb several months later.

Ángel Fernández Artime

Ángel Fernández Artime (born August 21, 1960), is a Roman Catholic Priest of the Salesians of Don Bosco, who was elected by the Salesian General Chapter 27 as the Rector Major of the Salesians on May 24, 2014. With his election, he became the 10th successor of Don Bosco and the first Spaniard and third non-Italian to become Rector in Salesian history. He was also Provincial Superior of León, Spain, Southern Argentina and was preparing to take possession of Sevilla Province when he was elected Rector.

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