The Provinces of Indonesia are the 34 largest subdivisions of the country and the highest tier of the local government (formerly called Daerah Tingkat I – level 1 region). Provinces are further divided into regencies and cities (formerly called Daerah Tingkat II – level 2 regions), which are in turn subdivided into subdistricts (kecamatan).
|Province of Indonesia|
Provinsi Indonesia (Indonesian)
|Location||Republic of Indonesia|
|Populations||622,350 (North Kalimantan) – 43,053,732 (West Java)|
|Areas||664 km2 (256 sq mi) (Jakarta) – 319,036 km2 (123,180 sq mi) (Papua)|
|Subdivisions||Regency and city|
Each province has its own local government, headed by a governor, and has its own legislative body. The governor and members of local representative bodies are elected by popular vote for five-year terms.
Indonesia has 34 provinces, eight of which have been created since 1999, namely: North Maluku, West Papua, Banten, Bangka Belitung Islands, Gorontalo, Riau Islands, West Sulawesi and (in late 2012) North Kalimantan.
Five provinces have special status:
The provinces are officially grouped into seven geographical units.
|Seal||Province||Indonesian acronym||ISO||Capital||Population (2015)||Area (km²)||Population density
|Number of villages
(desa) and urban
|Bali||Bali||ID-BA||Denpasar||4,148,588||5,780||621||Lesser Sunda Islands||9||1||8||57||716||636||80||UTC+8|
|Bangka Belitung Islands||Babel||ID-BB||Pangkalpinang||1,370,331||16,424||64||Sumatra||7||1||6||47||387||309||78||UTC+7|
|Central Kalimantan||Kalteng||ID-KT||Palangka Raya||2,490,178||153,564||14||Kalimantan||14||1||13||136||1,572||1,434||138||UTC+7|
|East Nusa Tenggara||NTT||ID-NT||Kupang||5,112,760||48,718||92||Lesser Sunda Islands||22||1||21||306||3,268||2,950||318||UTC+8|
|Jakarta Special Capital Region||DKI||ID-JK||Central Jakarta||10,154,134||664||12,786||Java||6||5||1||44||267||0||267||UTC+7|
|North Kalimantan||Kaltara||ID-KU||Tanjung Selor||639,639||72,275||10||Kalimantan||5||1||4||50||482||447||35||UTC+8|
|North Maluku||Malut||ID-MU||Sofifi||1,160,275||31,982||31||Maluku Islands||10||2||8||113||1,180||1,063||117||UTC+9|
|Papua||Papua||ID-PA||Jayapura||3,143,088||319,036||8||Western New Guinea||29||1||28||524||5,225||5,118||107||UTC+9|
|Riau Islands||Kepri||ID-KR||Tanjung Pinang||1,968,313||8,201||208||Sumatra||7||2||5||66||406||275||141||UTC+7|
|West Nusa Tenggara||NTB||ID-NB||Mataram||4,830,118||18,572||234||Lesser Sunda Islands||10||2||8||116||1,037||995||142||UTC+8|
|West Papua||PB||ID-PB||Manokwari||868,819||97,024||8||Western New Guinea||13||1||12||203||1,705||1,628||87||UTC+9|
|Special Region of Yogyakarta||DIY||ID-YO||Yogyakarta||3,675,768||3,133||1,138||Java||5||1||4||78||438||392||46||UTC+7|
Upon the independence of Indonesia, eight provinces were established: West Java, Central Java, East Java, and Maluku still exist as of today despite later divisions, while Sumatra, Kalimantan, Sulawesi, and Lesser Sunda were fully liquidated. The province of Central Sumatra existed from 1948 to 1957, while East Timor was annexed as a province from 1976 until its independence as a country in 1999.
|Dili||1976–1999||Timor Leste (country)|
East Nusa Tenggara
West Nusa Tenggara
|Sulawesi||Makassar / Manado||1945–1960||North Sulawesi|
|Sumatra||Bukittinggi / Medan||1945–1948||Central Sumatra|
Bengkulu is a province of Indonesia, located in the southwest coast of Sumatra. It was formed on 18 November 1968 by separating out the former Bengkulu Residency area from the province of South Sumatra under Law No. 9 of 1967 and was finalised by Government Regulation No. 20 of 1968. Spread over 19,813 km2, it is bordered by the provinces of West Sumatra to the north, Jambi to the northeast, Lampung to the southeast, South Sumatra to the east, and the Indian Ocean to the northwest, south, southwest, and west.
Bengkulu is the 25th largest province by area; it is divided into nine regencies and the city of Bengkulu, the capital and largest city. Bengkulu is also the 26th largest province by population in Indonesia. According to a release by Badan Pusat Statistik, it has the eleventh highest Human Development Index among the provinces, with a score about 0.744 in 2013. By 2014, the province positions 28th highest in gross domestic product and 20th highest in life expectancy, 70.35 years.
Bengkulu also includes Mega Island and Enggano Island in the Indian Ocean. Bengkulu has 525 kilometres of coastline along the Indian Ocean on its western side, from Dusun Baru Pelokan in Muko-Muko Regency to Tebing Nasal in Kaur Regency. Bengkulu is home to many natural resources such as coal and gold, and has big and potential geothermal resources. In addition, it is less developed than other provinces in Sumatra.Central Kalimantan
Central Kalimantan (Indonesian: Kalimantan Tengah), is a province of Indonesia. It is one of five provinces in Kalimantan, the Indonesian part of Borneo. Its provincial capital is Palangkaraya and in 2010 its population was over 2.2 million, while the latest official estimate (for January 2014) is 2,368,654.
The population growth rate was almost 3.0% per annum between 1990 and 2000, one of the highest provincial growth rates in Indonesia during that time; in the subsequent decade to 2010 the average annual growth rate slowed markedly to around 1.8%. More than is the case in other province in the region, Central Kalimantan is populated by the Dayaks, the indigenous inhabitants of Borneo.East Kalimantan
East Kalimantan (Indonesian: Kalimantan Timur) is a province of Indonesia. Its territory comprises the eastern portion of Borneo. It has a population of about 3.5 million, and its capital is Samarinda.
East Kalimantan has a total area of 129,066.64 square kilometres (49,832.91 sq mi) and is the second least densely populated province in Kalimantan. The majority of the region shares a maritime border to the east with West Sulawesi and North Sulawesi; its coastline faces the Makassar Strait and the Celebes Sea. Its former northernmost region was split off in October 2012 and is now North Kalimantan Province; to its south, East Kalimantan borders the South Kalimantan province. The province bordered Sabah before the split, but still borders Sarawak.
Two months later, in December 2012, the existing West Kusai Regency was split in two, with the northernmost five districts forming a new Mahakam Ulu Regency. East Kalimantan is now divided into seven regencies and three cities. Isran Noor the current Governor of East Kalimantan and Hadi Mulyadi is its vice governor.East Nusa Tenggara
East Nusa Tenggara (Indonesian: Nusa Tenggara Timur – NTT) is the southernmost province of Indonesia. It compires the eastern portion of the Lesser Sunda Islands, facing the Indian Ocean in the south and the Flores Sea in the north. It consists of more than 500 islands, with the largest ones being Sumba, Flores, and the western part of Timor; the latter shares land border with the country of East Timor. The province was sub-divided into 21 regencies and the regency-level city of Kupang, which is the capital and largest city.
A Christian-majority territory, East Nusa Tenggara is the only Indonesian province where Roman Catholicism is the predominant religion. The province has a total area of 47,245.82 km2, and the population at the 2010 Census was 4,683,827; the latest official estimate in January 2014 was 5,070,746. Economically, East Nusa Tenggara still remains one of the least developed provinces in Indonesia. It currently focuses on expanding the tourism sector, with the most well-known attractions including Labuan Bajo, Komodo National Park, and Mount Kelimutu.Jambi
Jambi is a province of Indonesia. It is located on the east coast of central Sumatra and spans to the Barisan Mountains in the west. Its capital and largest city is Jambi. The province has a land area of 50,058.16 km2, and it has a population of 3,092,265 according to the 2010 Census; by January 2014 this had risen to 3,412,459.Lampung
Lampung is a province of Indonesia, occupying the southern tip of the island of Sumatra. It has a short border with the province of Bengkulu to the northwest, and a longer border with the province of South Sumatra to the north. It is the original home of the Lampung people, who speak their own language, and possess their own written script. Its capital is Bandar Lampung.
As of January 2014, the province had a population of 7,972,246, with three-quarters of that being descendants of Javanese, Madurese, and Balinese migrants. These migrants came from more densely populated islands, in search of available land, as well as being part of the national government's Indonesian transmigration program, of which Lampung was one of the earliest and most significant transmigration destinations.
Lampung is geologically unstable. On 10 May 2005, a 6.4 magnitude earthquake struck the province. In 1883, the volcano of Krakatoa, located on an island in the Sunda Straight, separating the islands of Sumatra and Java, suffered one of the most violent volcanic eruptions in recorded history, with disastrous consequences for the area and elsewhere, including estimates of human fatalities in the tens of thousands, and worldwide temperature and other weather effects for years.List of Indonesian faunal emblems
Indonesian faunal emblems are Indonesian endemic fauna that gain the status as national animal symbol that represent Indonesia and describe Indonesian biodiversity. Today there are three animals that gained the status as Indonesian faunal emblems: Komodo dragon, Javan hawk-eagle and Asian arowana. Next to national animal symbols, there are also more specific provincial faunal emblems that represent each respective provinces of Indonesia.List of Indonesian floral emblems
Indonesian floral emblems are Indonesian endemic flora that gain the status as national animal symbol that represent Indonesia and describe Indonesian biodiversity. Next to national floral symbols, there are also more specific provincial floral emblems that represent each respective provinces of Indonesia.
In addition, Indonesia also recognised Teak as the national tree.List of Indonesian provinces by GRP per capita
This article presents a list of Indonesian provinces sorted by their gross regional product nominal (GRP Nominal) per capita.List of Indonesian provinces by Human Development Index
List of Indonesian provinces by HDI is in order of the HDI of Indonesian provinces.North Kalimantan
North Kalimantan (Indonesian: Kalimantan Utara) is a province of Indonesia. It is located on the Indonesian part of the island of Borneo. The territory now comprising the province had a population of approximately 525,000 according to the 2010 census; the latest official estimate (for December 2013) is 628,331.
North Kalimantan borders the Malaysian states of Sabah to the north and Sarawak to the west, and by the Indonesian province of East Kalimantan to the south.
Formed on 25 October 2012, it is the newest province in Indonesia. It covers 72,275.12 square kilometres. The province's territory had been part of East Kalimantan.It was the fastest growing province in the nation for 2015 census, edging Papua and Riau which had phenomenal growth the prior 5-year period.Papua (province)
Papua is the largest and easternmost province of Indonesia, comprising most of Western New Guinea. It is bordered by the nation of Papua New Guinea to the east, the province of West Papua to the west, the Pacific Ocean to the north, and the Arafura Sea to the south. According to the 2010 census by Statistics Indonesia, Papua had a population of 2,833,381, majority of whom are Christians. The province is divided into twenty-eight regencies and one city. Its capital and largest city is Jayapura.
The province was formerly called Irian Jaya and comprised the entire Western New Guinea until the inauguration of the province of West Papua in 2003. In 2002, Papua adopted its current name and was granted a special autonomous status by the Indonesian legislation. Puncak Jaya is the province's highest mountain as well as the highest point of Indonesia.South Kalimantan
South Kalimantan (Indonesian: Kalimantan Selatan) is a province of Indonesia. It is located in Kalimantan, the Indonesian territory of Borneo. The provincial capital is Banjarmasin. The population of South Kalimantan was recorded at just over 3.625 million people at the 2010 Census; the latest official estimate (for 2017) is 4,119,794.
One of five Indonesian provinces in Kalimantan, it is bordered by the Makassar Strait in the east, Central Kalimantan in the west and north, the Java Sea in the south, and East Kalimantan in the north.South Sumatra
South Sumatra (Indonesian: Sumatera Selatan) is a province of Indonesia. It is located in the southeast of the island of Sumatra, The province spans 91,592.43 km2 (35,364 sq mi) and had a population of 7,450,394 at the 2010 Census; the latest official estimate is 10,675,862 (as at May 2015). The capital of the province is Palembang.Southeast Sulawesi
Southeast Sulawesi (Indonesian: Sulawesi Tenggara, abbreviation: Sultra) is a province on the island of Sulawesi, forming the southeastern peninsula of that island, together with a number of large offshore islands such as Buton, Muna, Kabaena and Wawonii, with smaller islands. The capital is Kendari, on the east coast of the peninsula.
The province has no highway road connecting to the rest of the island, and the primary transportation link is a ferry across the Bone Gulf between Watampone (Bone) in South Sulawesi and the port of Kolaka in Southeast Sulawesi.West Nusa Tenggara
West Nusa Tenggara (Indonesian: Nusa Tenggara Barat – NTB) is a province of Indonesia. It comprises the western portion of the Lesser Sunda Islands, with the exception of Bali which is its own province. Mataram, on Lombok, is the capital and largest city of the province. The 2010 census recorded the population at 4,496,855; the latest estimate (for January 2014) is 4,702,389. The province's area is 19,708.79 km2.
The two largest islands in the province are Lombok in the west and the larger Sumbawa island in the east. The islands of Flores and Sumba are part of East Nusa Tenggara.West Sulawesi
West Sulawesi (Indonesian: Sulawesi Barat) is a province of Indonesia. It is located in the western of the Sulawesi island. Its capital is Mamuju and the 2010 Census recorded a population of 1,158,651; the latest official estimate (for January 2014) is 1,284,620.
The province was established in 2004, having been split off from South Sulawesi.West Sumatra
West Sumatra (Indonesian: Sumatera Barat, abbreviated to Sumbar, Jawi: سومترا بارايق, Minangkabau: Sumatera Baraik) is a province of Indonesia. It lies on the west coast of the island of Sumatra. The latest official estimate for January 2014 shows a population of 5,098,790. West Sumatra is sub-divided into 12 regencies and seven cities. It has relatively more cities than other provinces in Indonesia, except Java province. Its capital is Padang.
It borders the provinces of North Sumatra (Sumatera Utara) to the north, Riau and Jambi to the east, and Bengkulu to the southeast. It includes the Mentawai Islands off the coast.