Province of Valencia

Valencia (Spanish: [baˈlenθja]) or València (Valencian: [vaˈlensia]) is a province of Spain, in the central part of the Valencian Community. Of the province's 2,547,986 people (2018),[1] one-third live in the capital, Valencia, which is also the capital of the autonomous community. There are 265 municipalities in the province.

Province of Valencia

Provincia de Valencia (in Spanish)
Província de València (in Catalan)
Platja de la Patacona d'Alboraia
Platja de la Patacona d'Alboraia
Coat of arms of Province of Valencia

Coat of arms
Map of Spain with Province of Valencia highlighted
Map of Spain with Province of Valencia highlighted
CountrySpain
Autonomous communityValencian
CapitalValencia
Area
 • Total10,763 km2 (4,156 sq mi)
Area rankRanked
 2.13% of Spain
Population
(2013)
 • Total2,547,986[1]
 • RankRanked
 5.45% of Spain
Demonym(s)Valencians
Official language(s)Spanish and Valencian
ParliamentCortes Generales
Main towns in the province of Valencia
Map of the province of València and its main towns. The first crown of València metropolitan area is drawn in dark brown.

History

Although the Spanish Constitution of 1812 loosely created the province of Valéncia, a stable administrative entity does not arise until the territorial division of Spain in 1833,[2] remaining today without major changes. The Provincial Council of Valencia dates from that period. After the Valencian Statute of Autonomy of 1982, the province became part of the Valencian Community.

Geography

It is bordered by the provinces of Alicante, Albacete, Cuenca, Teruel, Castellón, and the Mediterranean Sea. The northwestern side of the province is in the mountainous Sistema Ibérico area. Part of its territory, the Rincón de Ademuz, is an exclave sandwiched between the provinces of Cuenca and Teruel.[3] The province is historically subdivided into the comarques of Camp de Túria, Camp de Morvedre, Canal de Navarrés, Costera, Hoya de Buñol, Horta de València, Horta Nord, Horta Oest, Horta Sud, Valencia, Requena-Utiel, Rincón de Ademuz, Ribera Alta, Ribera Baixa, Safor, Los Serranos, Vall d'Albaida and Valle de Cofrentes.

The province of Valencia, like the rest of the region, is mountainous in the interior, particularly in the north and west,[4] with the Sistema Central running from north to south and the foothills of Andalusia from west to east. This mountainous interior features deep and steep valleys formed by the major rivers running through it. The plain of Valencia, is the second largest coastal plain of the country, located in the low region between the Júcar and Turia river valleys. It is about thirty miles long and twenty wide; on three sides it is bounded by the mountains of Segura, and on the fourth by the sea. In 1843 it was cited as "one of the most fertile and best cultivated spots in Europe".[4] The other main rivers include the Palancia and the Serpis. The Altiplano de Requena-Utiel range, in the interior of the Valencia region,[5] has an average height of about 750 m. The principal mountains in the province are Cerro Calderón (1837 m), Sierra del Caroche (1126 m), Sierra del Benicadell (1104 m), Serra Calderona (1015 m), Sierra Martés (1085 m), Sierra de Utiel (1306 m), Sierra de Enguera (1056 m), and the Sierra de Mondúver (841 m).[6]

Municipalities

Economy

The València plains are known for their olive, mulberry, ilex, algaroba, orange, and palm trees, with the appearance of an "immense garden".[4] Such is the fertility of the soil, that two and three crops in the year are generally obtained, and the greater part of the land returns eight per cent. The rice crops are the most valuable, and are chiefly produced in the tract which is irrigated by the Albufera, a large lake in the neighbourhood of València.[4] Rice being the principal food of the lower classes, the crop is generally consumed in the province, with the exception of a small quantity which finds its way into Castile and Andalusia. The other chief product is the white mulberry, once the source of great wealth: it was worked in the silk-factories of València. In 1828, the produce of silk from the vega of València amounted to one million of pounds yearly, the greater part of which was exported in its raw state, but the produce has greatly increased since, owing to demands from the manufacturers of Lyon and other towns in the south of France.[4] The province of València is a notable producer of satins, silk ribbons, and velvets.[4] The export of fruit from Valencia is also considerable, particularly of raisins. The raisins are of two kinds, the muscatel, and an inferior and smaller raisin, called pasa de legia.[4] The export of figs, oil, and wine from the province and ports of València is also considerable, with a wine known as Beni Carlo, which as of 1843 was shipped to Cette.[4] Mercury, copper, sulphur, arsenic, argentiferous lead, iron, coal, etc. are among the mineral products, but they are procured only in small quantities.[4] Today, tourism is a major source of income, with the city of Valencia and the resort towns along the coast being the primary earners during the summer months.[7]

References

This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Penny Cyclopaedia of the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge, by C. Knight (1843)

  1. ^ a b Population Figures referring to Municipal Register 1 January 2018 Archived 6 October 2014 at the Wayback Machine - Instituto Nacional de Estadística. (National Statistics Institute)
  2. ^ Haythornthwaite, Philip J. (2004). The Peninsular War. Brassey's. p. 240. ISBN 978-1-85753-329-3.
  3. ^ Simonis, Damien (15 September 2010). Lonely Planet Spain. Lonely Planet. p. 465. ISBN 978-1-74220-379-9.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i Penny Cyclopaedia of the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge. C. Knight. 1843. p. 88.
  5. ^ Borrell, Rosa Ma Jordá (1986). La industria en el desarrollo del área metropolitana de Valencia (in Spanish). Universitat de València. p. 24. ISBN 978-84-370-0270-5.
  6. ^ Maurel, Joaquín Bosque; Valentí, Juan Vilà (1992). Geografía de España: Comunidad Valenciana, Murcia. Glosario. Índice general (in Spanish). Planeta. p. 278. ISBN 978-84-320-8393-8.
  7. ^ Marvell, Alan (January 2006). GCE AS Travel and Tourism Double Award for Edexcel. Heinemann. p. 136. ISBN 978-0-435-44643-7.

External links

Coordinates: 39°20′N 0°50′W / 39.333°N 0.833°W

Agullent

Agullent (Valencian pronunciation: [aɣuˈʎent]) is a municipality in the comarca of Vall d'Albaida in the Valencian Community, Spain.

Albal

Albal is a municipality in the comarca of Horta Sud in the Valencian Community, Spain.

Albalat dels Tarongers

Albalat dels Tarongers is a municipality in the comarca of Camp de Morvedre in the Valencian Community, Spain.

Alfafar

Alfafar (Valencian pronunciation: [alfaˈfaɾ]) is a municipality in the comarca of Horta Sud in the Valencian Community, Spain.

Alginet

Alginet (Valencian pronunciation: [aʎdʒiˈnet]) is a municipality in the comarca of Ribera Alta in the Valencian Community, Spain.

Anna, Valencia

Anna (Valencian pronunciation: [ˈanːa]) is a municipality in the comarca of Canal de Navarrés in the Valencian Community, Spain.

Chiva, Valencia

Chiva (Valencian: Xiva) is a municipality in the comarca of Hoya de Buñol in the Valencian Community, Spain.

Cofrentes

Cofrentes (Valencian: Cofrents) is a town in the province of Valencia.

There is a nuclear power plant in Cofrentes.

Genovés, Valencia

Genovés is a municipality in the comarca of Costera in the Valencian Community, Spain.

Godelleta

Godelleta is a municipality in the comarca of Hoya de Buñol in the Valencian Community, Spain.

Masamagrell

Massamagrell (Spanish: Masamagrell) is a municipality in the comarca of Horta Nord in the Valencian Community, Spain.

Palmera

Palmera (Valencian pronunciation: [palˈmeɾa]) is a municipality in the comarca of Safor in the Valencian Community, Spain.

Rafelcofer

Rafelcofer (Valencian pronunciation: [raˌfɛlkoˈfeɾ]) is a village in the Valencian Community, Spain. Its mayor has been Maria del Carmen Llibrer Ballester since her election in June, 2007.

Sagunto

Sagunto (Valencian: Sagunt [saˈɣunt]; Spanish: Sagunto [saˈɣunto]) is a town in Eastern Spain, in the modern fertile comarca of Camp de Morvedre in the province of Valencia. It is located c. 30 km north of Valencia, close to the Costa del Azahar on the Mediterranean Sea.

It is best known for the remains of the ancient Iberian and Roman city of Saguntum, which played a significant part in the Second Punic War between the Carthaginians and the Romans.

Salem, Valencia

Salem (Valencian pronunciation: [saˈlem]) is a municipality in the comarca of Vall d'Albaida in the Valencian Community, Spain.

Segart

Segart is a town in the autonomous community of Valencia, Spain, belonging to the province of Valencia in the comarca of Camp de Morvedre. Until the mid-20th century, it was called Segart of Albalat.

Tous, Valencia

Tous (Valencian pronunciation: [ˈtɔws]) is a municipality in the Valencian Community, in the province of Valencia. The town is rather well known because, in 1982, the river Jucar broke Tous's reservoir provoking a great flood with a flood of 16,000 m3/s and more than 30 casualties. The flood was called La Pantanada.

Villalonga

Villalonga (Spanish: [biʎaˈloŋɡa]) or Vilallonga (Valencian: [ˌvilaˈʎoŋɡa]) is a municipality in the comarca of Safor in the Valencian Community, Spain.

Villar del Arzobispo

Villar del Arzobispo (Valencian: El Villar) is a municipality in the comarca of Los Serranos in the Valencian Community, Spain.

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