Province of Syracuse

The Province of Syracuse (Italian: Provincia di Siracusa; Sicilian: Pruvincia di Sarausa; officially Libero consorzio comunale di Siracusa) is a province in the autonomous island region of Sicily in Italy. Following the suppression of the Sicilian provinces, it was replaced in 2015 by the Free municipal consortium of Syracuse. Its capital is the city of Syracuse, a town established by Greek colonists arriving from Corinth in the 8th century BC.[2] It has an area of 2,109 square kilometres (814 sq mi) and a total population of 403,985 (2016). Syracuse has 8% of the Sicilian population and 8.2% of Sicily's area.

Province of Syracuse

Provincia di Siracusa
Syracuse, Sicily, Italy
Map highlighting the location of the province of Syracuse in Italy
Map highlighting the location of the province of Syracuse in Italy
Country Italy
RegionSicily
CapitalSyracuse
Comuni21
Government
 • CommissionerAntonino Lutri
Area
 • Total2,124.13 km2 (820.13 sq mi)
Population
 (30 June 2016)
 • Total403,179[1]
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
96100, 96010-96019
Telephone prefix0931, 095
Vehicle registrationSR
ISTAT089

Geography and heritage

Provinces of Sicily map

The Province of Syracuse lies in the southeastern Sicily, in southwestern Italy. It is bordered to the north and north-west by the Province of Catania to the west by the Province of Ragusa, and to the east and south by the Ionian and Mediterranean seas. It occupies an area of 2,109 square kilometres (814 sq mi). In 2002, ancient centres of Noto, Palazzolo Acreide and six other towns in the Noto Valley, were awarded UNESCO World Heritage Site status, and is a significant attraction due to its historical, architectural, artistic and archaeological interest. The towns are particularly dense with late Baroque architecture, dates to the immense rebuilding of the towns which took place after the 1693 earthquake which devastated Sicily.[3] The capital of Syracuse is an important road and rail hub of Sicily. The Park of Neapolis on the island of Ortygia is connected by three bridges to the mainland.[4] The island contains the Maniace Castle, dated to the Hohenstaufen period and the Doric Temple of Athena, which was renovated by the Normans.[4]

The Hyblaean Mountains are the dominant mountain range in the province, sloping down to a coastline which contains stretches of white sandy beaches, cliffs, bays, and islets.[4] The coast to the south of Syracuse contains numerous protected areas, such as the Area Marina Protetta del Plemmirio, the Riserva Naturale Orientara Cavagrande between Cassibile and Avola, and the Riserva Naturale Orientata faunistica di Vendicar, north of Pachino.[5] Within the province lies Lago di Lentini, the largest lake in Sicily,[6] and reputedly the largest artificial lake in Europe, which supports a marshland habitat with over 150 different species.[7]

Towns

There are 21 comuni (or municipalities) in the province.[8] The most populated as of 2005 were:

ISTAT Code Comune Population
(2005)
089001 Augusta 33,768
089002 Avola 31,650
089003 Buccheri 2,244
089004 Buscemi 1,181
089005 Canicattini Bagni 7,415
089006 Carlentini 17,210
089007 Cassaro 865
089008 Ferla 2,692
089009 Floridia 21,406
089010 Francofonte 12,684
089011 Lentini 24,441
089012 Melilli 12,555
089013 Noto 23,346
089014 Pachino 21,508
089015 Palazzolo Acreide 9,037
089016 Rosolini 20,927
089017 Syracuse 123,332
089018 Solarino 7,268
089019 Sortino 9,023
089020 Portopalo di Capo Passero 3,617
089021 Priolo Gargallo 12,009
Total 398,178

References

  1. ^ "Statistiche demografiche ISTAT". demo.istat.it. Retrieved 17 April 2018.
  2. ^ Ring, Trudy; Salkin, Robert M.; Boda, Sharon La (1995). International Dictionary of Historic Places: Southern Europe. Taylor & Francis. p. 674. ISBN 978-1-884964-02-2.
  3. ^ "Late Baroque Towns of the Val di Noto (South-Eastern Sicily)". UNESCO. Retrieved 29 September 2014.
  4. ^ a b c "Syracuse". Italia.it. Retrieved 29 September 2014.
  5. ^ Google (29 September 2014). "Province of Syracuse" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 29 September 2014.
  6. ^ Colt Hoare, Sir Richard (1819). A classical tour through Italy and Sicily. p. 425.
  7. ^ "Biviere di Lentini" (in Italian). Siracusaturismo.net. Retrieved 29 September 2014.
  8. ^ "Statistiche demografiche". Istituto Nazionale di Statistica. Retrieved 29 September 2014.

External links

Coordinates: 37°5′N 15°17′E / 37.083°N 15.283°E

Augusta, Sicily

Augusta (Italian pronunciation: [auˈɡusta]; Sicilian: Austa, Greek and Latin: Megara Hyblaea, Medieval: Augusta and Agosta) is a town and comune in the province of Syracuse, located on the eastern coast of Sicily (southern Italy). The city is one of the main harbours in Italy, especially for oil refineries (Exxon Mobil and others as part of the complex Augusta-Priolo) which are in its vicinity.

Avola

Avola (Italian pronunciation: [ˈaːvola]; Sicilian: Àvula or Àula, adding initial R if preceded by vowel; Latin: Abola) is a city and comune in the province of Syracuse, Sicily (southern Italy).

Casmenae

Casmenae or Kasmenai (Casmene in Italian) was an ancient Greek colony located on the Hyblaean Mountains, founded in 644 BC by the Syracusans at a strategic position for the control of central Sicily. It was also intended as a military forward-position on the Via Selinuntina road that connected Syracuse to Akragas (modern-day Agrigento) - also on that road were Gela and Akrillai to Casmene's west and Akrai to its east. Destroyed by the Romans in 212 BC, Casmene was abandoned during the 3rd century BC and never inhabited again.

The site was discovered by the Sicilian archeologist Paolo Orsi during the first half of the 20th century, after he had identified the most probably site at Monte Casale in Buscemi at 830m above sea level, on an extinct volcano near Monte Lauro, 7 km from Giarratana and 12 km from Palazzolo Acreide. Remains of the defensive walls, long 3.400m, are still visible with the base of one of the temples and some dwellings.

Cava del Rivettazzo

Cava del Rivettazzo (Italian: "Quarry of Rivettazzo") is a Sicel necropolis located about 4 km north of Solarino on the SP 28 to Sortino.

Floridia

Floridia (Italian pronunciation: [floˈriːdja]; Sicilian: Ciuriḍḍia [çʊˈɾiɖɖja]; from Latin Florae dies "day of Flora" or the adjective floridus "florid") is a town and comune in the Province of Syracuse, Sicily (Italy).

Helorus

Helorus, Heloros, Helorum, or Elorus (Greek: Ἔλωρος or Ἕλωρος, Ptol., Steph. B. or Ἕλωρον, Scyl.; Italian: Eloro), was an ancient greek city of Sicily, situated near the east coast, about 40 km south of Syracuse and on the banks of the river of the same name. It is currently an archaeological site in the modern comune of Noto.

Lentini

Lentini (Sicilian: Lintini), historically Leontini or Leontinoi (Ancient Greek: Λεοντῖνοι), is a town and comune in the Province of Syracuse, South East of Sicily (Southern Italy).

Megara Hyblaea

Megara Hyblaea (Ancient Greek: τὰ Μέγαρα) – perhaps identical with Hybla Major – is an ancient Greek colony in Sicily, situated near Augusta on the east coast, 20 kilometres (12 mi) north-northwest of Syracuse, Italy, on the deep bay formed by the Xiphonian promontory. There were at least three (and possibly as many as five) cities named "Hybla" in ancient accounts of Sicily which are often confounded with each other, and among which it is sometimes very difficult to distinguish.

Melilli

Melilli (Sicilian: Miliddi) is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Syracuse, Sicily (southern Italy), located about 190 kilometres (120 mi) southeast of Palermo and about 20 kilometres (12 mi) northwest of Syracuse.

Necropolis of Cassibile

The Necropolis of Cassibile is a name which indicates a very large archaeological site in the province of Syracuse, near the towns of Avola and Cassibile. It deals with a very large graves system situated inside several ravines; the largest of them is called "Cava Grande" which means "large ravine". About two thousands graves carved out of the rock have been found; they are dated from the 11th to the 9th century BC. This necropolis gives the name to a precise period of the Sicels' civilization.

Necropolis of Pantalica

The Necropolis of Pantalica in southeast Sicily, Italy, is a collection of cemeteries with rock-cut chamber tombs dating from the 7th to the 13th centuries BC. There have been thought to be over 5000 tombs, although the most recent estimate suggests a figure of just under 4000. They extend around the flanks of a large promontory located at the junction of the Anapo river with its tributary, the Calcinara, about 23 kilometres northwest of Syracuse. Together with the city of Syracuse, Pantalica was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2005.

Netum

Netum or Neetum (Greek: Νέητον), was a considerable ancient town in the south of Sicily, near the sources of the little river Asinarus (modern Falconara), and about 34 km southwest of Syracuse. Its current site is at the località of Noto Antica (formerly Noto Vecchio), in the modern comune of Noto.

Noto

Noto (Sicilian: Notu; Latin: Netum) is a city and comune in the Province of Syracuse, Sicily, Italy. It is 32 kilometres (20 mi) southwest of the city of Syracuse at the foot of the Iblean Mountains. It lends its name to the surrounding area Val di Noto. In 2002 Noto and its church were declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Palazzolo Acreide

Palazzolo Acreide (Sicilian: Palazzolu Acrèidi, in the local dialect: Palazzuolu) is a town and comune in the Province of Syracuse, Sicily (southern Italy). It is 43 kilometres (27 mi) from the city of Syracuse in the Hyblean Mountains.

Priolo Gargallo

Priolo Gargallo (Sicilian: Priolu) is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Syracuse, Sicily (southern Italy). It is about 190 kilometres (120 mi) southeast of Palermo and about 13 kilometres (8 mi) northwest of Syracuse.

The name Priolo Gargallo comes from the nobleman Marquis Gargallo who owned land in this part of Sicily.

Priolo Gargallo borders the following municipalities: Melilli, Syracuse, Solarino, Sortino.

Solarino

Solarino (Sicilian: San Pàulu) is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Syracuse, Sicily (Italy). It is about 190 kilometres (120 mi) southeast of Palermo and about 15 kilometres (9 mi) west of Syracuse. As of 31 December 2006, it had a population of 7,365 and an area of 13.01 square kilometres (5.02 sq mi).Solarino borders the following municipalities: Floridia, Palazzolo Acreide, Priolo Gargallo, Syracuse, Sortino.

Syracuse, Sicily

Syracuse (; Italian: Siracusa [siraˈkuːza] (listen); Sicilian: Sarausa [saɾaˈuːsa]; Latin: Syrācūsae; Ancient Greek: Συράκουσαι, romanized: Syrákousai; Medieval Greek: Συρακοῦσαι, romanized: Syrakoûsai) is a historic city on the island of Sicily, the capital of the Italian province of Syracuse. The city is notable for its rich Greek history, culture, amphitheatres, architecture, and as the birthplace of the preeminent mathematician and engineer Archimedes. This 2,700-year-old city played a key role in ancient times, when it was one of the major powers of the Mediterranean world. Syracuse is located in the southeast corner of the island of Sicily, next to the Gulf of Syracuse beside the Ionian Sea.

The city was founded by Ancient Greek Corinthians and Teneans and became a very powerful city-state. Syracuse was allied with Sparta and Corinth and exerted influence over the entirety of Magna Graecia, of which it was the most important city. Described by Cicero as "the greatest Greek city and the most beautiful of them all", it equaled Athens in size during the fifth century BC. It later became part of the Roman Republic and the Byzantine Empire. Under Emperor Constans II, it served as the capital of the Byzantine Empire (663–669). After this Palermo overtook it in importance, as the capital of the Kingdom of Sicily. Eventually the kingdom would be united with the Kingdom of Naples to form the Two Sicilies until the Italian unification of 1860.

In the modern day, the city is listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site along with the Necropolis of Pantalica. In the central area, the city itself has a population of around 125,000 people. Syracuse is mentioned in the Bible in the Acts of the Apostles book at 28:12 as Paul stayed there. The patron saint of the city is Saint Lucy; she was born in Syracuse and her feast day, Saint Lucy's Day, is celebrated on 13 December.

Thapsos

Thapsos (Greek: Θάψος) was a prehistoric village in Sicily of the middle Bronze Age. It was found by the Italian archaeologist Paolo Orsi on the small peninsula of Magnisi, near Priolo Gargallo. In its vicinity was born the Thapsos culture, one of the most important prehistoric cultures in Sicily (identified with the people of Sicani).

Villa Romana del Tellaro

The Villa Romana del Tellaro is a Roman villa dating from the late Roman Empire on Sicily in southern Italy. It is located south of Noto in the province of Syracuse.

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