Province of Hanover

The Province of Hanover (German: Provinz Hannover) was a province of the Kingdom of Prussia and the Free State of Prussia from 1868 to 1946.

During the Austro-Prussian War, the Kingdom of Hanover had attempted to maintain a neutral position, along with some other member states of the German Confederation. After Hanover voted in favour of mobilising confederation troops against Prussia on 14 June 1866, Prussia saw this as a just cause for declaring war; the Kingdom of Hanover was soon dissolved and annexed by Prussia. The private wealth of the dethroned House of Hanover was then used by Otto von Bismarck to finance his continuing efforts against Ludwig II of Bavaria.

In 1946, the British military administration recreated the Land of Hanover based on the former Kingdom of Hanover; but within the year, at the instigation of the German leadership, it was merged into the new Bundesland of Lower Saxony—along with the states of Oldenburg, Brunswick, and Schaumburg-Lippe—with the city of Hanover as the capital of this new state.

Province of Hanover
Provinz Hannover
Province of Prussia

1868–1946
 

Flag Coat of arms
Flag Coat of arms
Location of Hanover
The Province of Hanover (red), within the Kingdom of Prussia (white), within the German Empire
Capital Hanover
52°22′N 9°43′E / 52.367°N 9.717°ECoordinates: 52°22′N 9°43′E / 52.367°N 9.717°E
History
 •  Established 1868
 •  Disestablished 1946
Area
 •  1939 38,705 km2 (14,944 sq mi)
Population
 •  1939 3,537,390 
Density 91.4 /km2  (236.7 /sq mi)
Political subdivisions Aurich
Hanover
Hildesheim
Lüneburg
Osnabrück
Stade

Hanoverian regions

RBHannover1878
The six Hanoveran regions.
Hannover Oldenburg Braunschweig 1905
Hannover, Oldenburg, Brunswick (1905)
Hannover,Schleswig-Holstein und kleinere norddeutsche staaten
Hannover, Schleswig-Holstein and small Northern German States (1890)

Hanover was subdivided into six regions first called Landdrostei[en] (High-Bailiwick[s]), which were reorganised into Prussian standard Regierungsbezirke (governorates) on 1 April 1885.

  1. Aurich
  2. Osnabrück
  3. Stade
  4. Lüneburg (Lunenburg)
  5. Hildesheim
  6. Hanover

Administrative divisions from 1885

On 1 April 1885 the six Landdrosteien were turned into regional administrative districts called Regierungsbezirke:

  1. Regierungsbezirk Aurich
  2. Regierungsbezirk Hannover
  3. Regierungsbezirk Hildesheim
  4. Regierungsbezirk Lüneburg
  5. Regierungsbezirk Osnabrück
  6. Regierungsbezirk Stade

The Regierungsbezirke were subdivided into new urban and rural counties (Stadtkreise and Landkreise), the old Amt structure being disbanded. Where the name of the county town differs from that of the county, it is shown in brackets:

Provinz Hannover 1905
Counties in the Province of Hanover (1905)

Regierungsbezirk Aurich

Stadtkreise

Landkreise

  • Aurich
  • Emden (to 1932, then divided between the town of Emden, Landkreis Norden and Landkreis Leer)
  • Leer
  • Norden
  • Weener (to 1932, then to Landkreis Leer)
  • Wittmund

Regierungsbezirk Hannover

Stadtkreise

  • Hamelin (from 1923)
  • Hanover
  • Linden (1886–1920, then to the city of Hanover)

Landkreise

  • Grafschaft Diepholz (county offices in Diepholz, to 1932 Kreis Diepholz)
  • Grafschaft Hoya (county offices in Syke, bis 1932 Kreis Hoya)
  • Grafschaft Schaumburg (county offices in Rinteln, before 1932 Province of Hesse-Nassau)
  • Hameln-Pyrmont (county offices in Hamelin, to 1922 Kreis Hameln)
  • Hanover
  • Linden (to 1932, then to Landkreis Hannover)
  • Neustadt am Rübenberge
  • Nienburg/Weser
  • Springe
  • Stolzenau (to 1932, then to Landkreis Nienburg/Weser)
  • Sulingen (to 1932, then to Landkreis Grafschaft Diepholz)
  • Syke (to 1932, then to Landkreis Grafschaft Hoya)

Regierungsbezirk Hildesheim

Stadtkreise

Landkreise

Regierungsbezirk Lüneburg

Stadtkreise

Landkreise

Regierungsbezirk Osnabrück

Stadtkreise

Landkreise

  • Aschendorf-Hümmling (county offices in Aschendorf/Ems, formed in 1932 from the counties of Aschendorf and Hümmling)
  • Landkreis Bersenbrück
  • Grafschaft Bentheim (county offices in Bentheim)
  • Iburg (to 1932, then to Landkreis Osnabrück)
  • Lingen
  • Melle
  • Meppen
  • Osnabrück
  • Wittlage

Regierungsbezirk Stade

Stadtkreise

Landkreise

  • Achim (to 1932, then to Landkreis Verden)
  • Blumenthal (to 1932, then to Landkreis Osterholz)
  • Bremervörde
  • Hadeln (county offices in Otterndorf, 1932 to Landkreis Land Hadeln)
  • Jork (to 1932, then to counties of Stade and Harburg)
  • Kehdingen (to 1932, then to Landkreis Stade)
  • Land Hadeln (county offices in Otterndorf, formed in 1932 from the counties of Hadeln and Neuhaus an der Oste)
  • Neuhaus an der Oste (to 1932, then to Landkreis Land Hadeln)
  • Osterholz (county offices in Osterholz-Scharmbeck)
  • Rotenburg i. Hann.
  • Stade
  • Verden
  • Wesermünde (formed in 1932 from the counties of Geestemünde and Lehe)
  • Zeven (to 1932, then to Landkreis Bremervörde)

Presidents of the Province of Hanover

The heads of the provinces, appointed by the central Prussian government, were called Oberpräsident (Upper President). The provincial executive, the Landesdirektor (provincial director), was elected by the provincial parliament (Provinziallandtag).

See also

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