Protected areas of South Africa

The protected areas of South Africa include national parks and marine protected areas managed by the national government, public nature reserves managed by provincial and local governments, and private nature reserves managed by private landowners. Most protected areas are intended for the conservation of flora and fauna. National parks are maintained by South African National Parks (SANParks).[1] A number of national parks have been incorporated in transfrontier conservation areas.

Protected areas may also be protected for their value and importance as historical, cultural heritage or scientific sites. More information on these can be found in the list of heritage sites in South Africa.

Special Nature Reserves

Special nature reserves are highly protected areas from which all people and human activities are excluded, except for conservation and scientific research. The Prince Edward Islands, which are South African territories in the Southern Ocean, have been declared as a special nature reserve.[2][3]

National Parks

The following are the national parks of South Africa:[4]

Transfrontier conservation areas

South Africa is involved in the following transfrontier conservation areas (TFCAs), also known as "peace parks".

The Lubombo Transfrontier Conservation Area, involving South Africa, Mozambique and Swaziland, is planned to be formed from the iSimangaliso Wetland Park and the Nsubane Pongola, Songimvelo-Malolotja and Usuthu-Tembe-Futi TFCAs.

Marine Protected Areas

World Heritage Sites

World heritage site in South Africa are protected by the World Heritage Convention Act (Act 49 of 1999). These include:

Botanical Gardens

Eastern Cape

National Parks situated in the Eastern Cape

Mega Parks in the making, predominantly in the Eastern Cape

Parks Managed by Eastern Cape Parks

Natural Heritage Sites

  • Barville Park Natural Heritage Site
  • Elmhurst Natural Heritage Site
  • Glendour Natural Heritage Site
  • Kasouga Farm Natural Heritage Site
  • Kruizemuntfontein Natural Heritage Site

Private and Other Parks

  • Aberdeen Nature Reserve
  • Alexandria Coast Reserve
  • Amakhala Game Reserve
  • Amalinda Nature Reserve
  • Asanta Sana Game Reserve
  • Aylesbury Nature Reserve
  • Baviaankloof Wilderness Areas see Baviaanskloof Mega Reserve
  • Beggar's Bush Nature Reserve
  • Bayeti Game Reserve
  • Beakosneck Private Nature Reserve
  • Coleridge Game Reserve
  • Citruslandgoed Game Farm
  • Christmas Rock to Gxulu River Marine Protected Area
  • Dorn Boom Game Farm
  • Doubledrift Provincial Nature Reserve
  • East Cape Game Farm
  • Emlanjeni Private Game Reserve
  • Fort Fordyce Provincial Nature Reserve
  • Great Fish River Complex Provincial Nature Reserve
    • Andries Vosloo Kudu Nature Reserve
    • Doubledrift Provincial Nature Reserve
  • Groendal Wilderness Nature Reserve (Mierhoopplaat)
  • Guerna Wilderness Nature Reserve see Baviaanskloof Mega Reserve
  • Hoeksfontein Game Farm
  • Hillside Safaris Game Farm
  • Inkwenkwezi Private Game Reserve
  • Inthaba Lodge Game Farm
  • Jarandi Safaris Game Farm
  • Karoo Safaris Game Farm
  • Kingsdale Game Farm
  • Koedoeskop Game Farm
  • Kuzuko Game Reserve
  • Kwandwe Private Game Reserve
  • Kwantu Private Game Reserve
  • Lady Slipper Nature Reserve
  • Lanka Safaris Game Farm
  • Loerie Dam Nature Reserve
  • Lottering Coast Reserve
  • Luchaba Wildlife Reserve
  • Mbumbazi Nature Reserve
  • Mierhoopplaat Nature Reserve
  • Minnawill Game Farm
  • Monteaux Game Farm
  • Mpofu Provincial Game Reserve
  • Nyara River Mouth Marine Area
  • Hopewell Game Reserve
  • Hunters Lodge Game Farm
  • Hunts Hoek Safaris Game Farm
  • Oudekraal Game Farm
  • Pumba Private Game Reserve[5]
  • Rockdale Game Farm
  • Rupert Game Farm
  • Samara Private Game Reserve
  • Scotia Safaris Game Farm
  • Schuilpatdop Game Farm
  • Sepree River Private Nature Reserve
  • Shamwari Game Reserve
  • Stinkhoutberg Nature Reserve
  • Timbili Game Reserve
  • Tregathlyn Game Farm
  • Trumpeter's Drift Game Farm

Forest Reserves

  • Andrews State Forest
  • Blue Lily's Bush Forest Reserve
  • Hankey State Forest
  • Hogsback State Forest
  • Inyarha (Nyara) Forest Reserve
  • Isidenge State Forest
  • Katberg State Forest
  • Kologha Forest Reserve
  • Koomans Bush State Reserve
  • Kruisrivier Forest Reserve
  • Kubusi Indigenous State Forest
  • Longmore State Forest
  • Lottering Forest Reserve
  • Plaatbos Forest Nature Reserve
  • Robbe Hoek Forest Reserve
  • Storms River Forest, part of the Tsitsikamma National Park
  • Welbedacht State Forest
  • Witelsbos State Forest

Free State

National Parks

Private and Other Parks

Gauteng

GDACE Parks

Protected Areas

  • Magaliesberg Protected Environment

Other parks and private reserves

KwaZulu-Natal

Ezemvelo KZN Wildlife

New name of the Peace Park is: iSimangaliso Wetland Park

Private and Other Parks

Natural Heritage Sites

  • Kombewaria
  • Langfontein
  • Oshoek
  • Oudehoutdraai
  • Tafelkop
  • Theespruit
  • Rooikraal

Limpopo

National Parks

Provincial Parks

Private and Other Parks

Mpumalanga

National Parks

Provincial Parks

Private and Other Parks

  • Edeni Game Reserve
  • Josefsdal Songimvelo Game Reserve
  • K'Shani Private Game Reserve
  • Mthethomusha Game Reserve
  • SterkSpruit Nature Reserve
  • Kudu Private Nature Reserve

Northern Cape

National Parks

Private and Other Parks

North West

Provincial Parks

Protected Areas

  • Magaliesberg Protected Environment

[6]

Private and Other Parks

  • Faan Meintjies Nature Reserve
  • Magaliesberg Natural Area
  • Marico Bosveld Nature Reserve
  • Knysna National Lakes Nature Reserve

Western Cape

National Parks

Provincial Parks

West Coast

Winelands

Overberg

Cape Karoo

Garden Route and Little Karoo

  • Outeniqua Nature Reserve
  • Goukamma Nature Reserve
  • Keurbooms River Nature Reserve
  • Robberg Nature Reserve

Private and other Reserves

  • Akkeren Dam Nature Reserve
  • Anrewsfield Private Nature Reserve
  • Annet Private Nature Reserve
  • Annex Arch Rock Private Nature Reserve
  • Aquila Private Game Reserve
  • Assegaaibosch Nature Reserve
  • Babilonstoring Nature Reserve
  • Banghoek Private Nature Reserve
  • Basjanskloof Private Nature Reserve
  • Baviaanskloof Nature Reserve for the rest see Eastern Cape.
  • Ben Etive Nature Reserve
  • Blouberg Nature Reserve
  • Boosmansbos Nature Reserve
  • Caledon Nature Reserve
  • Ceres Mountain Fynbos Nature Reserve
  • Dassieshoek Nature Reserve
  • Doringriver Nature Reserve
  • Drie Kuilen Private Nature Reserve
  • Duiwenhoksriviermond Private Nature Reserve
  • Elim Private Nature Reserve
  • Eyerpoort Private Nature Reserve
  • Fonteintjiesberg Nature Reserve
  • Gamtoos River Mouth Nature Reserve
  • Gondwana Game Reserve
  • Goukamma Nature Reserve
  • Gouriqua Kernkor Private Nature Reserve
  • Greyton Nature Reserve
  • Groenlandberg Nature Reserve
  • Groote Kapelfontein Private Nature Reserve
  • Groot Swartberg Nature Reserve
  • Hasekraal Private Nature Reserve
  • Hoek-van-die-Berg Private Nature Reserve
  • Hottentots-Holland Nature Reserve
  • Inverdoorn Private Nature Reserve
  • Kaplip Private Nature Reserve
  • Kareedouw Nature Reserve
  • Keurboomsrivier Nature Reserve
  • Kleinmond Coastal and Mountain Nature Reserve
  • Klipfontein Dam Private Nature Reserve
  • Koeberg Private Nature Reserve
  • Hexberg Nature Reserve
  • Hopefield Private Nature Reserve
  • Houwhoek Nature Reseerve Incl. the Lebenon State Forest.
  • Ladismith Klein Karoo Nature Reserve
  • Lourens River Protected Natural Environment
  • Lutzville Nature Reserve
  • Maanschynkop Nature Reserve
  • Marloth Nature Reserve
  • Matjiesfontein Nature Reserve
  • Matroosberg Private Nature Reserve
  • Moedverloren Nature Reserve
  • Montagu Mountain Nature Reserve
  • Mount Rochelle Nature Reserve
  • Paarl Mountain Nature Reserve
  • Quoin Point Nature Reserve
  • Riverland Nature Reserve
  • Riviersonderend Nature Reserve
  • Robberg Nature Reserve
  • Rooiberg Nature Reserve
  • Rooikrans Private Nature Reserve
  • Ruiterbos Nature Reserve
  • Salmonsdam Nature Reserve
  • Sas Saldanha Nature Reserve
  • Skuilkrans Private Nature Reserve
  • Steenbokkie Private Nature Reserve
  • Susterdal Private Nature Reserve
  • Swartberg East Nature Reserve
  • Swartkops Valley Nature Reserve
  • Theewaters Nature Reserve
  • Towerkop Nature Reserve
  • Thaba Manzi Game Farm
  • Twistniet Nature Reserve
  • Tygerberg Nature Reserve
  • Uintjieskraal Private Nature Reserve
  • Vaalkloof Private Nature Reserve
  • Vrolijkheid Nature Reserve
  • Warmwaterberg Nature Reserve
  • Witfontein Nature Rererve
  • Wittebrug Nature Reserve, also known as Mostertshoek Forest
  • Witzenberg Nature Reserve

Forests

  • Bergplaas Forest
  • Diepwalle Forest
  • Fisantehoek Forest (Petrus Brand)
  • Jubilee Creek Forest Reserve (Goldfield)
  • Groeneweidebos Forest Area
  • Hankey State Forest
  • Harkerville Forest
  • Lelievlei Forest Reserve
  • Millwood Forest Reserve
  • Nysna Forest
  • Quar Forest Reserve
  • Sinclair Forest (Kruisfontein)
  • Walker Bay State Forest
  • Wilderness Forest
  • Witelsbos State Forest

Natural Heritage Sites

  • Altydgedacht National Heritage Site
  • Barkai National Heritage Site
  • Elandsberg
  • Groothagelkraal
  • Gys se Kraal
  • Kareedouw
  • Paardenberg-Bewarea
  • Tierberg

Mountain Catchment Areas

  • Hawequas Mountain Catchment Area
  • Kammanassie Mountain Catchment Area
  • Klein Swartberg Mountain Catchment Area
  • Koue Bokkeveld Mountain Catchment Area
  • Langeberg East Mountain Catchment Area
  • Langeberg West Mountain Catchment Area
  • Matroosberg Mountain Catchment Area
  • Swartberg East Mountain Catchment Area
  • Winterhoek Mountain Catchment Area

See also

References

  1. ^ "Biodiversity & ecosystems". Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism (South Africa). Retrieved 1 July 2009.
  2. ^ Cooper, John (June 2006). "ANTARCTICA AND ISLANDS – Background Research Paper produced for the South Africa Environment Outlook report on behalf of the Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism" (PDF). p. 6. Retrieved 5 October 2010.
  3. ^ 1993 United Nations list of national parks and protected areas. World Conservation Monitoring Centre, International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, Commission on Natural Parks and Protected Areas, United Nations Environment Programme. 1993. p. 173. ISBN 2-8317-0190-2.
  4. ^ "SANParks – South African National Parks (A-Z)". South African National Parks. Retrieved 4 January 2010.
  5. ^ http://www.pumbagamereserve.co.za/
  6. ^ NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT: PROTECTED AREAS ACT, 2003 Section 12

External links

Agulhas Front Marine Protected Area

The Agulhas Front Marine Protected Area is an offshore conservation region in the exclusive economic zone of South Africa

Agulhas Muds Marine Protected Area

The Agulhas Muds Marine Protected Area is an offshore conservation region in the exclusive economic zone of South Africa

Benguela Bank Marine Protected Area

The Benguela Bank Marine Protected Area is an offshore conservation region in the exclusive economic zone of South Africa

Cape Canyon Marine Protected Area

The Cape Canyon Marine Protected Area is an offshore marine protected area on the continental shelf edge lying approximately 12 nautical miles southwest of Saldanha off the Western Cape in the exclusive economic zone of South Africa.

Goukamma Marine Protected Area

The Goukamma Marine Protected Area is an inshore conservation region near Knysna in the territorial waters of South Africa

Greater Mapungubwe Transfrontier Conservation Area

Greater Mapungubwe Transfrontier Conservation Area Is a cultural TFCA. Formerly known as the Limpopo–Shashe Transfrontier Conservation Area.

Hluleka Marine Protected Area

The Hluleka Marine Protected Area is an inshore conservation region in the territorial waters of the Eastern Cape province of South Africa

Index of protected areas of South Africa

The following index is provided as an overview of and topical guide to the protected areas of South Africa:

A protected area of South Africa is an area of land, coastline or ocean within the exclusive economic zone (EEZ) of the Republic of South Africa that is protected in terms of specific legislation.

Malgas Island Marine Protected Area

The Malgas Island Marine Protected Area is an inshore conservation region in the territorial waters of South Africa in the entrance to Saldanha Bay on the west coast of the Western Cape province.

Marcus Island Marine Protected Area

The Marcus Island Marine Protected Area is a inshore conservation region in the territorial waters of South Africa

Marine Living Resources Act, 18 of 1998

The Marine Living Resources Act, 18 of 1998 is a South African statutory law to provide for the conservation of the marine ecosystem and sustainable utilisation of marine living resources within the territorial waters and exclusive economic zone of the Republic of South Africa.

Marine protected areas of South Africa

A marine protected area of South Africa is an area of coastline or ocean within the exclusive economic zone (EEZ) of the Republic of South Africa that is protected in terms of specific legislation for the benefit of the environment and the people who live in it and use it. An MPA is a place where marine life can thrive under less pressure than unprotected areas, like underwater parks, and this healthy environment can benefit neighbouring areas.There are a total of 45 marine protected areas in the South African EEZ, with a total area of 5% of the waters. The target is to have 10% of the oceanic waters protected by 2020. All but one of the MPAs are in the exclusive economic zone off continental South Africa, and one is off Prince Edward Island in the Southern Ocean.

People can take part in a wide range of non-consumptive activities in all of South Africa's MPAs, and some parts of some MPAs are zoned for limited consumptive activities. Some of these activities require a permit, which is a form of taxation.

Port Elizabeth Corals Marine Protected Area

The Port Elizabeth Corals Marine Protected Area is an offshore conservation region south of Port Elizabeth in the exclusive economic zone of South Africa

Robberg Marine Protected Area

The Robberg Marine Protected Area is an inshore conservation region in the territorial waters of South Africa, near Plettenberg Bay in the Western Cape province.

Sardinia Bay Marine Protected Area

The Sardinia Bay Marine Protected Area is an inshore conservation region in the territorial waters of South Africa

South African Association for Marine Biological Research

The South African Association for Marine Biological Research (SAAMBR), is a non-government, non profit company and public benefit organisation which contributes to the conservation of marine and coastal resources in the Western Indian Ocean, founded in 1951.

Southwest Indian Seamounts Marine Protected Area

The Southwest Indian Seamounts Marine Protected Area is an offshore conservation region in the exclusive economic zone of South Africa

St Lucia Game Reserve

St Lucia Game Reserve, is part of the St Lucia Estuary and with that the focal point of the iSimangaliso Wetland Park, in the KwaZulu-Natal, province of South Africa. The Game Reserve was established in 1895.

UMkhuze Game Reserve

uMkhuze Game Reserve (also spelt Mkhuze or Mkuze) is a 40,000-hectare (400 km2; 150 sq mi) game reserve in northern Zululand, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. It was proclaimed a protected area on 15 February 1912.

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