Protected areas of Canada

Protected areas of Canada have been created to protect ecological integrity, as well as to provide areas for recreation and education. Most of the protected areas in Canada are terrestrial; however, there has been a growing focus to also protect coastal areas, such as the Bowie Seamount. Different classifications of protected area exist, depending on the organization which manages them. Similarly, some protected areas have a greater focus on ecological integrity than others.

National parks and protected areas

The primary focus of national parks is to preserve ecological integrity. These parks are administered by Parks Canada. National Marine Conservation Areas, while also under federal control, do not afford the same level of protection.

The Canadian Wildlife Service, a division of Environment Canada, manages the National Wildlife Areas, Marine Wildlife Areas, and Migratory Bird Sanctuaries for the protection of wildlife.[1] A National Wildlife Area protects any land or marine environment within the Canadian territorial waters, that is, extending up to 12 nautical miles (22 km) away from a coast per the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea. A Marine Wildlife Area is used to protect marine environments that are within Canada's Exclusive Economic Zone, extending 200 nautical miles (370 km) from the coastline.[2] Two separate areas, one a National Wildlife Area and the other a Marine Wildlife Area, could be created to protect a contiguous zone covering land and marine features extending to the 200-nautical-mile (370 km) limit.

Provincial and territorial parks

Provincial and territorial governments also protect areas within their boundaries.

See: List of Canadian protected areas

Regional and local parks

Regional governments and local governments also create parks; however, these tend to have a greater focus on recreation.

Other forms of conservation

Another form of conservation is made by land owners who want to preserve nature for future generations by placing a covenant on their land.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Environment Canada's Protected Areas Network". Hinterland Who's Who. Canadian Wildlife Service. Retrieved 2019-03-14.
  2. ^ Wiken, Ed. "Casting the bottom line on the blue planet". Proceedings of the 1997 Conference of the Canadian Council on Ecological Areas. Natural Resources Canada. Archived from the original on 2008-06-12. Retrieved 2008-01-29.
List of British Columbia Provincial Parks

The list of British Columbia Provincial Parks contains lists of more than 600 provincial parks in British Columbia. The parks are run by BC Parks under the jurisdiction of the British Columbia Ministry of Environment. Other forms of protected areas are described in the list of protected areas of British Columbia.

British Columbia Coast

List of provincial parks of Mainland British Columbia Coast

List of provincial parks of Vancouver Island

British Columbia Interior

List of provincial parks of British Columbia Northern Interior

List of provincial parks of British Columbia Central Interior

List of provincial parks of the Okanagan

List of provincial parks of Thompson-Nicola Regional District

List of provincial parks of Columbia-Shuswap Regional District

List of provincial parks of the Kootenays

Lower Mainland

List of provincial parks of the Lower Mainland

List of Canadian protected areas

This is a list of all provincial/territorial parks and other provincial/territorial protected areas in Canada.

List of protected areas of Manitoba

The list of protected areas of Manitoba groups Manitoba's protected areas by the agency that is responsible for their protection.

List of protected areas of New Brunswick

This is a list of protected natural areas of New Brunswick. For other areas see List of historic places in New Brunswick.

List of protected areas of Nunavut

This is a list of protected areas of Nunavut.

List of protected areas of Prince Edward Island

This is a list of protected areas of Prince Edward Island.

List of protected areas of Quebec

This list of protected areas of Quebec includes both federally and provincially administered parks and wildlife reserves in Quebec, the largest province in Canada. Note that both federally and provincially administered parks in Quebec are labelled "parc national" (national park). Federal national parks are distinguished by the addition of "of Canada" in their official name.

List of protected areas of Saskatchewan

This is a list of protected areas of Saskatchewan.

List of protected areas of Yukon

This is a list of protected areas of Yukon.

List of protected areas of the Northwest Territories

This is a list of protected areas of the Northwest Territories.

List of provincial parks in Ontario

The list of provincial parks in the Canadian province of Ontario contains lists of more than 300 provincial parks in Ontario. These provincial parks are maintained by Ontario Parks. For a list of protected areas in Ontario, see the List of protected areas of Ontario.

Northern Ontario

List of provincial parks of Northern Ontario

Southern Ontario

List of provincial parks of Central Ontario

List of provincial parks of Eastern Ontario

List of provincial parks of Southwestern Ontario

List of provincial parks of the Golden Horseshoe

List of provincial parks of British Columbia Northern Interior

The list of provincial parks of the Northern Interior contains the provincial parks located within the geographical region in the province of British Columbia, Canada. This includes parks from the four regional districts of Kitimat-Stikine, Northern Rockies Regional Municipality, Peace River Regional District and Stikine Region. The parks are run by BC Parks under the jurisdiction of the British Columbia Ministry of Environment.

List of provincial parks of Columbia-Shuswap Regional District

The list of provincial parks of Columbia-Shuswap Regional District contains the 27 provincial parks located with the regional district in the province of British Columbia, Canada. The parks are run by BC Parks under the jurisdiction of the British Columbia Ministry of Environment.

List of provincial parks of Mainland British Columbia Coast

The list of provincial parks of the Mainland British Columbia Coast contains the provincial parks located within the geographical region in the province of British Columbia, Canada. This includes parks from the two regional districts of Central Coast Regional District, Squamish-Lillooet Regional District, Skeena-Queen Charlotte Regional District and Sunshine Coast Regional District. The parks are run by BC Parks under the jurisdiction of the British Columbia Ministry of Environment.

List of provincial parks of Thompson-Nicola Regional District

The list of provincial parks of Thompson-Nicola Regional District contains the 64 provincial parks located with the regional district in the province of British Columbia, Canada. The parks are run by BC Parks under the jurisdiction of the British Columbia Ministry of Environment.

List of provincial parks of the Kootenays

The list of provincial parks of the Kootenays contains the provincial parks located within the geographical region in the province of British Columbia, Canada. This includes parks from the three regional districts of East Kootenay, Central Kootenay and Kootenay Boundary. The parks are run by BC Parks under the jurisdiction of the British Columbia Ministry of Environment.

List of provincial parks of the Lower Mainland

The list of provincial parks of the Lower Mainland contains the provincial parks located within the geographical region in the province of British Columbia, Canada. This includes parks from the two regional districts of Fraser Valley and Metro Vancouver. The parks are run by BC Parks under the jurisdiction of the British Columbia Ministry of Environment.

List of provincial parks of the Okanagan

The list of provincial parks of the Okanagan contains the provincial parks located within the geographical region in the province of British Columbia, Canada. This includes parks from the three regional districts of Central Okanagan, North Okanagan and Okanagan-Similkameen. The parks are run by BC Parks under the jurisdiction of the British Columbia Ministry of Environment.

Provincial forests (Manitoba)

Provincial forests are located within the Province of Manitoba, in Canada, as large areas of unpopulated and undeveloped forests. Under the Forests Act, provincial forests were developed primarily as a source of sustainable timber supply for forestry operations. Today there are 15 designated provincial forests in Manitoba, totaling almost 22,000 km². Provincial forests are managed for diverse economic, environmental, social and cultural uses. They are very popular places for berry picking, mushroom picking, hunting, hiking, skiing, snowmobiling, and exploring.

Protected areas of Canada (by province or territory)
Provinces
Territories
Protected areas of North America
Sovereign states
Dependencies and
other territories

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