Promotion of Putonghua

Promotion of Putonghua (Chinese: 推广普通话; pinyin: tūiguǎng Pǔtōnghuà) is a movement led by the government of China since the Communist Party come to the power. Currently, the Promotion of Putonghua is led by State Language Work Committee (国家语言文字工作委员会), a working organ which is the language regulator of People's Republic of China.[1][2][3]

Dajia-shuo-Putonghua-2817
A kindergarten in Shanghai with writing a propaganda slogan in the wall: "Let everybody speak Standard Mandarin, [and] standardize speech and spelling" (大家请说普通话,语言文字规范化), in order to promote Putonghua.

See also

References

  1. ^ 职责、历史沿革 委领导 (in Chinese) Archived 2014-12-10 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ 「推廣普通話的目的……同時也是為實現漢字的根本改革——走世界文字共同的拼音方向準備條件。」曹夫昂,文字改革工作問答。上海:上海教育工作社,1980年5月,第33頁。 (in Chinese)
  3. ^ 「偉大領袖毛主席在一九五一年指示我們:『文字必須改革,要走世界文字共同的拼音方向。』毛主席又指出,漢字的拼音化需要做許多準備工作,在實現拼音化以前,必須簡化漢字,以利目前的應用。一九五八年,毛主席還指示我們:『一切幹部要學普通話。』毛主席的這些指示,是我國文字改革的指導方針。」摘自署名文華的文章〈文字必須改革〉,刊於《人民日報》1973年7月6日第三版。 (in Chinese)
Chinese Library Classification

The Chinese Library Classification (CLC; Chinese: 中国图书馆分类法), also known as Classification for Chinese Libraries (CCL), is effectively the national library classification scheme in China. It is used in almost all primary and secondary schools, universities, academic institutions, as well as public libraries. It is also used by publishers to classify all books published in China.

The Book Classification of Chinese Libraries (BCCL) was first published in 1975, under the auspices of China's Administrative Bureau of Cultural Affairs. Its fourth edition (1999) was renamed CLC. In September 2010, the fifth edition was published by National Library of China Publishing House.

CLC has twenty-two top-level categories, and inherits a Marxist orientation from its earlier editions. (For instance, category A is Marxism, Leninism, Maoism & Deng Xiaoping Theory.) It contains a total of 43600 categories, many of which are recent additions, meeting the needs of a rapidly changing nation.

Guangzhou Television Cantonese controversy

In July 2010, the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC) Guangzhou Committee, in a written proposal to mayor of Guangzhou Wan Qingliang, suggested increasing Mandarin programming on Guangzhou Television's main and news channels. The proposal sparked widespread controversy, met with fierce criticism in Cantonese-speaking cities including Guangzhou and Hong Kong, which eventually triggered a mass protest in the former city. In a formal response, Guangzhou TV rejected the proposal, citing "historic causes and present demands" as reasons for Cantonese-Mandarin bilingualism.

Speak Mandarin Campaign

The Speak Mandarin Campaign (SMC; simplified Chinese: 讲华语运动; traditional Chinese: 講華語運動; pinyin: Jiǎng Huáyǔ Yùndòng; Wade–Giles: Chiang3 hua2 yü3 yün4 tung4) is an initiative by the government of Singapore to encourage the Singaporean Chinese population to speak Standard Mandarin Chinese, one of the four official languages of Singapore. Launched on 7 September 1979 by then Prime Minister Lee Kuan Yew and organised by the Promote Mandarin Council, the SMC has been an annual event promoting the use of Mandarin.

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