Pro Natura (Switzerland)

Pro Natura, founded in 1909 in Basel as Swiss League for the Protection of Nature, is the oldest environmental organisation in Switzerland.

Pro Natura takes care of about 700 nature reserves of various sizes throughout Switzerland (250 square kilometres, of which 60 square kilometres are owned by Pro Natura).[1]

Pro Natura
‹See Tfd›(in German) Schweizerischen Bund für Naturschutz
‹See Tfd›(in French) Ligue suisse pour la protection de la nature
‹See Tfd›(in Italian) Lega svizzera per la protezione della natura
(in Romansh) Lia svizra per la protecziun da la natira
‹See Tfd›(in English) Swiss League for the Protection of Nature
miniatur|Logo von Pro Natura
Banner with the logo of Pro Natura (representing the head of an Alpine ibex).
MottoActing for nature, everywhere!
Formation1909[1]
Founded atBasel
TypeNon-governmental organisation
Legal statusNon-profit organisation
PurposeEnvironmental organisation
HeadquartersBasel
Region
Switzerland
Membership
About 140,000[2]
Official language
German, French and Italian
Subsidiaries24 regional sections[3]
AffiliationsInternational Union for Conservation of Nature
Friends of the Earth
Friends of the Earth Europe
International Commission for the Protection of the Alps[1]
Budget
20 millions of Swiss francs[1]
Staff
About 120[1]
Websitewww.pronatura.ch
Formerly called
Swiss League for the Protection of Nature[4]
Aare - Limmat (Limmatspitz) IMG 6763
The Limmatspitz nature reserve of Pro Natura Aargau.

History

In 1909, representatives of the Swiss Society of Natural Sciences founded the Swiss League for the Protection of Nature (German: Schweizerischen Bund für Naturschutz, French: Ligue suisse pour la protection de la nature) to fund and create the Swiss National Park (inaugurated in 1914).[4] In 2000, Pro Natura launched a campaign supporting the creation of a second Swiss National Park.[5]

In 1947, the Swiss League for the Protection of Nature organised an international conference on the protection of nature in Brunnen.[6] It resulted in the creation of the International Union for Conservation of Nature in 1948.[6]

Between 1958 and 1963, the Swiss League for the Protection of Nature, together with the Swiss Heritage Society and the Swiss Alpine Club, established an inventory of landscapes and natural sites of national importance.[6] Based on it, the Swiss Federal Council published the Federal Inventory of Landscapes and Natural Monuments in 1977.[6]

Since 1995, Pro Natura has been a member of the global environmental network Friends of the Earth.[4] In 1997, the Swiss League for the Protection of Nature adopted the name Pro Natura.[4][7]

Objectives

Villa Cassel
The nature centre of Pro Natura near the Aletsch Glacier (Swiss Alps). The second national nature centre of Pro Natura is located in Champ-Pittet.

The four main objectives of Pro Natura are:[2]

They reach their objectives through:[2]

Other

Pro Natura also draws public attention to grievances. The foundation started a media campaign in November 2014 calling for action by the federal authorities regarding excess inventory in the structures for breeding livestock and the eutrophication of fields, which has increased massively since the 1990s, particularly in the case of phosphorus.[8]

Notes and references

  1. ^ a b c d e "Pro Natura – Switzerland’s number one in conservation" (page visited on 15 March 2018).
  2. ^ a b c ‹See Tfd›(in French) "Pro Natura - Agir pour la nature, partout !" (page visited on 26 July 2016).
  3. ^ ‹See Tfd›(in French) Adresses des sections Pro Natura (page visited on 26 July 2016).
  4. ^ a b c d ‹See Tfd›(in French) "Pro Natura - au service de la nature depuis plus de 100 ans" (page visited on 26 July 2016).
  5. ^ ‹See Tfd›(in French) "« Créons ensemble un nouveau parc national ! » - l'historique de la campagne Pro Natura" (page visited on 26 July 2016).
  6. ^ a b c d ‹See Tfd›(in French) "Les 10 succès de Pro Natura" (page visited on 26 July 2016).
  7. ^ The choice of a name in Latin allows the organisation to have a unique name across the four linguistic regions of Switzerland. Other organisations with similar names include Pro Helvetia, Pro Infirmis, Pro Juventute, Pro Patria, Pro Senectute, Pro Specie Rara, Pro Velo, etc.
  8. ^ "10vor10 vom 17.11.2014" (in German). Schweizer Radio und Fernsehen. 17 November 2014. Retrieved 17 November 2014.

See also

External links

Franz Weber (activist)

Franz Weber (27 July 1927 – 2 April 2019) was a Swiss environmentalist and animal welfare activist.

Frauenwinkel

Frauenwinkel is a mire landscape in Switzerland, situated at the Seedamm area on Zürichsee lakeshore in the municipality of Freienbach in the Canton of Schwyz.

Friends of the Earth

Friends of the Earth International (FoEI) is an international network of environmental organizations in 74 countries.Friends of the Earth was founded in 1969 in San Francisco by David Brower, Donald Aitken and Gary Soucie after Brower's split with the Sierra Club. It became an international network of organisations in 1971 with a meeting of representatives from four countries, namely U.S., Sweden, the UK and France..

FoEI currently has a secretariat (based in Amsterdam, Netherlands) which provides support for the network and its agreed major campaigns. The executive committee of elected representatives from national groups sets policy and oversees the work of the secretariat. In 2016, Uruguayan activist Karin Nansen was elected to serve as chair of Friends of the Earth International.

Lützelau

Lützelau (Old High German: little island) is an island located, with the neighbouring island of Ufenau, in Lake Zürich in Switzerland between Rapperswil (1.6 km (0.99 mi) away) and Freienbach (3 km (1.9 mi) away).

Obersee (Zürichsee)

The Obersee ("upper lake") is the smaller of the two parts of Zürichsee (Lake Zürich) in the cantons of St. Gallen and Schwyz in Switzerland.

Orchard

An orchard is an intentional planting of trees or shrubs that is maintained for food production. Orchards comprise fruit- or nut-producing trees which are generally grown for commercial production. Orchards are also sometimes a feature of large gardens, where they serve an aesthetic as well as a productive purpose. A fruit garden is generally synonymous with an orchard, although it is set on a smaller non-commercial scale and may emphasize berry shrubs in preference to fruit trees. Most temperate-zone orchards are laid out in a regular grid, with a grazed or mown grass or bare soil base that makes maintenance and fruit gathering easy.

Most orchards are planted for a single variety of fruit. While the importance of introducing biodiversity is recognized in forest plantations, it would seem to be beneficial to introduce some genetic diversity in orchard plantations as well by interspersing other trees through the orchard. Genetic diversity in an orchard would provide resilience to pests and diseases just as in forests .

Orchards are sometimes concentrated near bodies of water where climatic extremes are moderated and blossom time is retarded until frost danger is past.

Pronatura

Pronatura may refer to:

Pronatura México, Mexican environmental conservation group

Pronatura Noreste, one of six regional offices of Pronatura México

Pro-Natura International, Paris-based environmental and poverty alleviation NGO

Pro Natura (Switzerland), Switzerland's oldest environmental organisation

Ufenau

Ufenau is an island located, with the neighbouring island of Lützelau, in Lake Zürich in Switzerland between Freienbach (0.9 km (0.56 mi) away) and Rapperswil (2.5 km (1.6 mi) away). Highlights on Ufenau include St. Peter & Paul church, St. Martin's chapel, and Ufenau's idyllic landscape in the Frauenwinkel protected area.

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