The Princess of Wales's Royal Regiment (or PWRR, also known as 'the Tigers') is the senior English line infantry regiment of the British Army, part of the Queen's Division, and second only in line infantry order of precedence to the Royal Regiment of Scotland.
|Princess of Wales's Royal Regiment|
(Queen's and Royal Hampshires)
Cap Badge of the Princess of Wales's Royal Regiment
|Active||9 September 1992 – present|
|Role||1st Battalion — Armoured Infantry|
2nd Battalion — Light Infantry
3rd Battalion — Army Reserve
4th Battalion — Army Reserve
|Part of||Queen's Division|
|Garrison/HQ||RHQ - London |
1st Battalion - Paderborn, Germany
2nd Battalion - Cottesmore
3rd Battalion - Canterbury
4th Battalion - Crawley
|March||Quick - The Farmer's Boy/Soldiers of the Queen|
Slow - The Minden Rose
|Colonel in Chief||HM Queen Margrethe II of Denmark |
From the Royal Hampshire Regiment
The Princess of Wales's Royal Regiment was formed on 9 September 1992 by the amalgamation of the Queen's Regiment and the Royal Hampshire Regiment and holds the earliest battle honour in the British Army (Tangier 1662–80). Through its ancestry via the Queen's Royal Regiment (West Surrey) (2nd Regiment of Foot), the PWRR is the most senior English line infantry regiment. The current regiment was named in honour of Diana, Princess of Wales.
The regiment was formed to act as the county regiment for the following areas:
Upon its creation, the Princess of Wales and the Queen of Denmark were Allied Colonels-in-Chief of the PWRR. When the Princess divorced the Prince of Wales, she resigned as Colonel-in-chief and the Queen of Denmark has remained its Colonel-in-Chief since.
The 1st Battalion served a seven-month tour of Iraq in 2004 with a second tour following in 2006, and finally a tour in 2009 where the battalion was split between Afghanistan and Iraq (last combat operation in Iraq). Many of the operations carried out by the battalion during the first tour were named after stations on the London Underground. Elements of 1 PWRR helped train the Iraqi National Army and oversaw the withdrawal of UK Forces from Basra. 1st Battalion was deployed to Afghanistan again in August 2011 to form the nucleus of the Police Mentoring Advisory Group (PMAG) with individual companies detached to other battlegroups around Helmand province. The 1st Battalion under Army 2020 will move from Paderborn, Germany to be stationed at Bulford Camp.
The regiment's 2nd Battalion were based in Shackleton Barracks, Northern Ireland, the last resident battalion deployed in this role under Operation Banner. After two years at Alexandria Barracks in Dhekelia in Cyprus, they moved to Woolwich Garrison, London, to take up a public duties role in August 2010, a role they performed for three years. 2nd Battalion deployed to Cyprus again in 2014. It remains one of the infantry units rotating between the UK and British Forces Cyprus. In August 2017, the battalion returned to the UK, based at Kendrew Barracks in Cottesmore, where they are reconfiguring two companies into a Light Mechanised Infantry force.
The regimental headquarters (RHQ) is at the Tower of London, whilst the regiment itself comprises four battalions:
Medals and awards awarded to the regiment's 1st Battalion for their service during operations in Iraq in 2004 included a Victoria Cross, two Distinguished Service Orders, two Conspicuous Gallantry Cross, one Member of the Order of the British Empire for gallantry, ten Military Crosses, and seventeen were Mentioned in Despatches, making the regiment the most highly decorated serving regiment in the British Army at that time.
Royal Regiment of Scotland
|Infantry Order of Precedence||Succeeded by|
Duke of Lancaster's Regiment
|1880||1881 Childers Reforms||1921 Name changes||1957 Defence White Paper||1966 Defence White Paper||1990 Options for Change||2003 Delivering Security in a Changing World|
|2nd (Queen's Royal) Regiment of Foot||The Queen's (Royal West Surrey Regiment)||The Queen's Royal Regiment (West Surrey)||The Queen's Royal Surrey Regiment||The Queen's Regiment||The Princess of Wales's Royal Regiment (Queen's and Royal Hampshires)|
|31st (Huntingdonshire) Regiment of Foot||The East Surrey Regiment|
|70th (Surrey) Regiment of Foot|
|3rd (East Kent, The Buff's) Regiment of Foot||The Buffs (East Kent Regiment)
renamed in 1935:
The Buffs (Royal East Kent Regiment)
|The Queen's Own Buffs, The Royal Kent Regiment|
|50th (Queen's Own) Regiment of Foot||The Queen's Own (Royal West Kent Regiment)||The Queen's Own Royal West Kent Regiment|
|97th (Earl of Ulster's) Regiment of Foot|
|35th (Royal Sussex) Regiment of Foot||The Royal Sussex Regiment|
|107th (Bengal Infantry) Regiment of Foot|
|57th (West Middlesex) Regiment of Foot||The Duke of Cambridge's Own (Middlesex Regiment)||The Middlesex Regiment (Duke of Cambridge's Own)|
|77th (East Middlesex) (Duke of Cambridge's Own) Regiment of Foot|
|37th (North Hampshire) Regiment of Foot||The Hampshire Regiment|
renamed in 1946:
The Royal Hampshire Regiment
|67th (South Hampshire) Regiment of Foot|