Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester

Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester, GCB, CI, GCVO, GBE (born Alice Christabel Montagu Douglas Scott; 25 December 1901 – 29 October 2004) was the wife of Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester, the third son of King George V and Queen Mary. She was the mother of Prince William of Gloucester and Prince Richard, Duke of Gloucester.

The daughter of the 7th Duke of Buccleuch, Scotland's largest landowner, she became by marriage a princess of the United Kingdom, and a sister-in-law to Edward VIII and George VI. She was thus an aunt by marriage to Elizabeth II. Princess Alice was extremely well travelled, both before and after her marriage.[1]

Princess Alice
Duchess of Gloucester (more)
Alice, Duchess of Gloucester
Alice in 1945
BornAlice Christabel Montagu Douglas Scott
25 December 1901
Montagu House, London, England
Died29 October 2004 (aged 102)
Kensington Palace, London, England
Burial5 November 2004
Spouse
Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester
(m. 1935; died 1974)
Issue
FatherJohn Montagu Douglas Scott, 7th Duke of Buccleuch
MotherLady Margaret Bridgeman
Australia stamp Gloucesters 1945
The Duchess of Gloucester and her husband on an Australian stamp in 1945.

Early life

Alice Christabel was born in Montagu House, Whitehall, London, on Christmas Day 1901 as the third daughter and fifth child of John Montagu Douglas Scott, Duke of Buccleuch and Queensberry, and his wife, the former Lady Margaret Alice "Molly" Bridgeman, daughter of the 4th Earl of Bradford.[2] Her brothers Walter and William and her nephew John were all Conservative MPs. Her first cousin, Marian Montagu Douglas Scott, was the paternal grandmother of Sarah, Duchess of York, former wife of Alice's great-nephew, Prince Andrew, Duke of York.

She was a descendant, in an unbroken male line, of Charles II through his eldest but illegitimate son, James Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth, himself a major political figure during the years leading up to the Glorious Revolution. As she was born on Christmas Day, she was given the middle name of Christabel.[3]

Alice spent much of her childhood travelling "between splendid houses":[4] Boughton House in Northamptonshire, Drumlanrig Castle in Dumfries and Galloway, and Bowhill in the Scottish Borders.[3] Eildon Hall, in Melrose, Scottish Borders, was more or less home base.[5][6]

An experience of nearly drowning at the age of 14 awoke her to a keen sense of making the most of every day.[3] Caught in a current in the Solway Firth, she was convinced that she was going to die and she prayed to God, begging for a miracle to save her life in exchange for her devoting herself to public service:

The next instant my feet touched rocks. I was able to stand up and get my breath back. I had been carried quite a way down the coast—some houses had come and gone on my left—but the rocks proved to be a reef and I was able to scramble through them back to shallow water without further mishap.... In return for my life I had promised to dedicate it to some useful purpose; but there never seemed to be anything that required my help or that I was any use at. So when, through a series of unforeseen circumstances, I one day found myself allowed to a life of public duty in the service of my country, a very secret pledge was honoured.[3][6]

She attended the independent St James's School for Girls, in West Malvern, Worcestershire, and later travelled to France, Kenya and India.[3] After school in West Malvern, she spent a year in Paris "before returning home to be presented at Court in 1920".[7] Alice enjoyed skiing, horse-riding and hunting and was also an accomplished watercolourist.[8][9][6] A painting by her, done near Archers Post in Kenya, is today part of the Royal Collection.[10] In Kenya, where she stayed for over a year, from about 1929–1931, she stayed in the area typical of the so-called Happy Valley set and encountered many of the personalities of said clique, including Evelyn Waugh.[3][4]

Marriage

Bernard Tussaud befejezi Lady Alice Scott és a Gloucesteri herceg viasszobrát – London, 1935.10.16
Bernard Tussaud finishes the wax figure of Lady Alice Montagu Douglas Scott and the Duke of Gloucester, 16 October 1935

In 1935, Alice returned to the United Kingdom when she learned that her father's health had been deteriorating.[6] In August 1935, Lady Alice became engaged to Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester.[11] Henry proposed to Alice with a square sapphire ring.[12] They were married in a private ceremony, in the Private Chapel, Buckingham Palace, on 6 November of that year.[11] A much more elaborate wedding was originally planned for Westminster Abbey; but after the Duke of Buccleuch died of cancer on 19 October 1935, and in consideration of the King's own failing health, it was decided that the wedding should be scaled down to a more private setting.[11]

The Duchess's bridesmaids were her sister, the Lady Angela Montagu-Douglas-Scott; her nieces Clare Phipps, Lady Elizabeth Montagu-Douglas-Scott, and Anne Hawkins; her husband's nieces Princess Elizabeth and Princess Margaret of York; her cousin Moyra Montagu-Douglas-Scott; and her husband's cousin Lady Mary Cambridge. Alice wore a blush-hued wedding gown, the only British royal bride to do so. Her gown was designed by Norman Hartnell, who later designed the wedding dress of Princess Elizabeth, the future queen. The dress was "of modest simplicity, with long, narrow sleeves and a high neckline draped into a nosegay of artificial orange-blossom".[13] The veil was made from "a drifting cloud of crisp modern tulle".[13]

On her way to the private chapel at Buckingham Palace, Alice wore "an ermine blanket stole" due to the cold weather.[13] Although the day was cold and wet, a crowd estimated to be over one million people lined the streets from the Palace to the railway station to see the couple off on their honeymoon. She was often referred to as the "Winter Princess" from then on.[5]

Life in the Royal Family

Duke and Duchess of Gloucester with sons
The Duke and Duchess of Gloucester with their two sons William (standing) and Richard in Canberra

Initially the Duke and Duchess of Gloucester lived at the Royal Pavilion in Aldershot, where the Duke was taking the Army staff course.[14] The Duke of Gloucester left the army to take on more public duties following the abdication of Edward VIII in December 1936. The couple received a grace and favour residence at York House, St James's Palace,[7] London and, in 1938, they purchased Barnwell Manor in Northamptonshire.[14] The Duchess suffered two miscarriages,[6] before giving birth to two sons:[14]

The Duke and Duchess of Gloucester travelled extensively, undertaking various engagements. During World War II, the Duchess worked with the Red Cross and the Order of St John.[15][1] She became head of the Women's Auxiliary Air Force (WAAF) in 1939 as Senior Controller, changed to Air Commandant on 12 March 1940,[16] and appointed Air Chief Commandant on 4 March 1943, when she took over as director until August 1944. When the WAAF became the Women's Royal Air Force (WRAF) in 1949, she was appointed an Air Chief Commandant (equivalent to Air vice-marshal) in the new service on 1 February 1949.[17] She was promoted to Air marshal on 1 September 1968,[18] and to air chief marshal in the Royal Air Force on 23 February 1990.[19] She also served as deputy to Queen Elizabeth, the consort of George VI, as Commandant-in-Chief of the Nursing Corps.[1]

From 1945 to 1947, the Duke and Duchess of Gloucester lived in Canberra, where the Duke was serving as Governor-General of Australia.[1][20]

The Duchess of Gloucester served as Colonel-in-Chief or deputy Colonel-in-Chief of a dozen regiments in the British Army, including the King's Own Scottish Borderers, the Northamptonshire Regiment, the 2nd East Anglian Regiment (Duchess of Gloucester's Own Royal Lincolnshire and Northamptonshire), the Royal Anglian Regiment, the Royal Hussars, and the Royal Irish Rangers (27th Inniskilling); also, the Royal Corps of Transport.[21] She was Patron of the Girls' Day School Trust and Queen Margaret College.[1]

In 1965, while returning from Winston Churchill's funeral in their vehicle, the Duke suffered a stroke which resulted in a car crash, with Prince Henry being thrown out of the car and the Duchess "suffering facial injuries".[4][6]

Later life

In 1975, Princess Alice was the first woman to be appointed a Dame Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath.[22] In 1981, she first published her memoirs under the title The Memoirs of Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester. In 1991, she released a revised edition as Memories of Ninety Years.

In 1994, after the Gloucesters had to give up Barnwell Manor for financial reasons, Alice moved from Barnwell to Kensington Palace, where she lived with the current Duke and Duchess of Gloucester.[23] She officially retired from public duties at the age of 98.[9] In 1999, the Duke issued a press release announcing that due to physical frailty, his mother would no longer carry out public engagements outside the environs of Kensington Palace. In July 2000, the Duke said in another statement that his mother had become "increasingly forgetful."[23]

In December 2001, the Royal Family held a ceremony to acknowledge Princess Alice's 100th birthday.[24] This was Princess Alice's last public appearance (as well as the last public appearance of Princess Margaret, the Queen's younger sister, who died on 9 February 2002).[24] On the death of Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother at age 101 in March 2002, Princess Alice became the oldest living member of the British Royal Family.[25] On 21 August 2003, Princess Alice surpassed the Queen Mother's record as the oldest person in the history of the British royal family by reaching the age of 101 years and 238 days.[24][26]

Death

Princess Alice died on 29 October 2004 in her sleep at Kensington Palace at age 102.[24][27] Following her death, the Union Jack flew at half mast at Buckingham Palace.[23] Her funeral was held on 5 November 2004, at St George's Chapel, Windsor, and she was interred next to her husband, Prince Henry, and her elder son, Prince William, in the Royal Burial Ground at Frogmore.[15][28] The funeral was attended by Elizabeth II and other members of the British Royal Family.[15] A memorial service was held at St Clement Danes on 2 February 2005, which was attended by her son and his family and representatives of organisations Princess Alice was involved in;[29] the service was co-ordinated by the Royal Air Force in respect of Princess Alice's role as Commandant-in-Chief WRAF.

Legacy

Hugo Vickers called Princess Alice "a very private person who was not widely known to the general public" despite being the third highest ranking lady in the royal family at the time of her marriage. It was well known she disliked large parties. Peter Townsend said of her: "She possessed classic, serene good looks and sincerity shone from her mild face. But she was painfully shy, so that conversation with her was sometimes halting and unrewarding, for you felt that she had so much more to say, but could not bring herself to say it."[30] Alice herself wrote in her autobiography: "I was very shy and rather plump, ... I made a miserable debut at a dance at Windsor for Princess Mary's birthday, uncomfortably squeezed into a white satin frock."[6]

Although generally a woman of few and soft-spoken words, Princess Alice was known for her dry humour.[4] While driving home from Winston Churchill's funeral in 1965, she was badly injured after her husband fell asleep at the wheel (or possibly had a stroke). On the occasion she wrote "I was sitting beside him to grab the wheel or put my foot on the brake if he fell asleep and lost control, but on that occasion I must have dozed off myself. Apparently the Rolls swerved off the road (and) ended upside down in a field of cabbages. Prince Henry had luckily been thrown through the open door...into (stinging) nettles and brambles".[3]

On another occasion, soon after her marriage, when the couple moved to York House, they were warned that the drawing-room floor would not stand the weight of more than twenty people "so we made a party list" recalled the Duchess many years later "of the twenty-one people whom we disliked most".[31] The Queen Mother said of Princess Alice after her son's death in an aircrash in 1972: "The tragic accident was a great shock to all the family, but I feel desperately for his dear little mother. She has the courage of a lion, and has suffered so many cruel blows in the past few years...".[32] Alice herself later admitted that following her son's death "I was completely stunned and have never quite been the same since."[23]

Publications

  • Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester, The Memoirs of Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester (London: Collins, 1983), ISBN 0-00-216646-1.
  • Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester, Memories of Ninety Years (London: Collins & Brown Ltd, 1991), ISBN 1-85585-048-6.

Titles, styles, honours and arms

Coat of Arms of Alice, Duchess of Gloucester
Coat of arms of Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester

Titles and styles

  • 25 December 1901 – 5 November 1935: Lady Alice Montagu Douglas Scott
  • 6 November 1935 – 10 June 1974: Her Royal Highness The Duchess of Gloucester
  • 10 June 1974 – 29 October 2004: Her Royal Highness Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester

On 10 June 1974, Prince Henry died, and was succeeded as Duke of Gloucester by their second son, Prince Richard (the couple's elder son, Prince William, had been killed in an aeroplane crash in 1972). As a widow she requested permission from her niece, the Queen, to use the title and style HRH Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester instead of adopting HRH The Dowager Duchess of Gloucester. The Queen allowed her aunt to adopt this title, in part to avoid confusion with her daughter-in-law, the new Duchess of Gloucester (formerly Birgitte Eva van Deurs).[14]

Honours

British honours

Foreign honours

References

  1. ^ a b c d e "Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester – Charities and patronages". The British Monarchy. Archived from the original on 16 February 2009. Retrieved 18 May 2015.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  2. ^ "Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester – Childhood and early life". The British Monarchy. Archived from the original on 16 February 2009. Retrieved 18 May 2015.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Duchess of Gloucester, Princess Alice (1983). The Memoirs of Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester (Hardcover ed.). London: Harper Collins.
  4. ^ a b c d Vickers, Hugo. "Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester". The Independent (UK). Retrieved 14 December 2017.
  5. ^ a b "Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester". Telegraph (UK). Retrieved 14 December 2017.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g Davies, Caroline (13 December 2001). "Royal Family throws early 100th birthday party for princess who hated society life". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 30 May 2018.
  7. ^ a b "HRH Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester". The British Monarchy. Archived from the original on 1 March 2000. Retrieved 5 February 2018.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  8. ^ Carrell, Severin (30 October 2004). "Princess Alice, oldest ever royal, dies". The Independent. Retrieved 26 May 2018.
  9. ^ a b "Obituary: Princess Alice". BBC. 30 October 2004. Retrieved 26 April 2018.
  10. ^ "Near Archer's Post- North Kenya". Royal Collection Trust. Retrieved 14 December 2017.
  11. ^ a b c HRH Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester, Memories of Ninety Years, London: Collins & Brown Ltd., 1991, p. 138.
  12. ^ "British Engagement Rings, Part 2". The Royal Order of Sartorial Splendor. 8 February 2013. Retrieved 15 November 2018.
  13. ^ a b c Bowles, Hamish (18 May 2018). "The Royal Bride Who Wore Pink". Vogue. Retrieved 8 October 2018.
  14. ^ a b c d "Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester – Marriage and family". The British Monarchy. Archived from the original on 16 February 2009. Retrieved 18 May 2015.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  15. ^ a b c "Final Royal farewell to princess". BBC. 5 November 2004. Retrieved 18 May 2015.
  16. ^ "No. 34810". The London Gazette. 12 March 1940. p. 1472.
  17. ^ "No. 38684". The London Gazette (Supplement). 9 August 1949. p. 3851.
  18. ^ "No. 44671". The London Gazette (Supplement). 6 September 1968. p. 9773.
  19. ^ "No. 52060". The London Gazette. 26 February 1990. p. 2649.
  20. ^ "Princess Alice of Britain, 102, Aunt of Queen, Dies". The New York Times. 1 November 2004. Retrieved 26 May 2018.
  21. ^ "H.R.H. Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester". Regiments.org. Retrieved 30 May 2018.
  22. ^ a b "No. 46540". The London Gazette. 11 April 1975. p. 4689.
  23. ^ a b c d Alderson, Andrew (31 October 2004). "Princess Alice, the oldest ever royal, dies at 102". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 25 May 2018.
  24. ^ a b c d "Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester – Later years and death". The British Monarchy. Retrieved 18 May 2015.
  25. ^ "Queen's tribute to Princess Alice". BBC News. 30 October 2004. Retrieved 27 December 2011.
  26. ^ "Princess Alice dies aged 102". BBC. 30 October 2004. Retrieved 26 May 2018.
  27. ^ "Oldest British royal dies at 102". BBC. 30 October 2004. Retrieved 26 May 2018.
  28. ^ "Arrangements for the funeral of Princess Alice". Royal Household. 1 November 2004. Retrieved 18 May 2015.
  29. ^ "Gloucester sisters attend Princess Alice memorial". Hello!. 3 February 2005. Retrieved 18 May 2015.
  30. ^ "A very private person". spectator.co.uk. The Spectator. 21 December 1991.
  31. ^ Aronson, Theo (2014). The Royal Family at War. London: Thistle Publishing. p. 110.
  32. ^ Vickers, p. 406
  33. ^ "No. 34356". The London Gazette. 1 January 1937. p. 2.
  34. ^ "No. 34406". The London Gazette (Supplement). 8 June 1937. p. 3729.
  35. ^ "No. 34396". The London Gazette. 11 May 1937. p. 3074.
  36. ^ "Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester – Honours and appointments". The British Monarchy. Archived from the original on 16 February 2009. Retrieved 18 May 2015.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)

Bibliography

  • Vickers, Hugo (2006), Elizabeth, The Queen Mother, Arrow Books/Random House, ISBN 978-0-09-947662-7
  • Duchess of Gloucester, Princess Alice (1983), The Memoirs of Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester, Collins, ISBN 0-00-216646-1
  • Aronson, Theo (2014), The Royal Family at War, Thistle Publishing, ISBN 978-1910198032
  • Ronald Allison and Sarah Riddell, eds., The Royal Encyclopedia (London: Macmillan, 1991), ISBN 0-333-53810-2.
  • Marlene A. Eilers, Queen Victoria's Descendants (New York: Atlantic International Publishing, 1987), ISBN 91-630-5964-9.

External links

Andrew Montagu Douglas Scott

Brigadier Claud Andrew Montagu Douglas Scott, DSO (13 July 1906 – 24 January 1971) was the first child and only son born to Lieutenant Colonel Lord Herbert Andrew Montagu Douglas Scott and Marie Josephine Edwards. He was a grandson of Sir William Henry Walter Montagu Douglas Scott, 6th Duke of Buccleuch & 8th Duke of Queensberry and Lady Louisa Jane Hamilton, and a paternal first cousin to Lady Alice, Duchess of Gloucester, later known as Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester. He was a maternal first cousin once removed to Prince William of Gloucester and Prince Richard, Duke of Gloucester, a paternal great-uncle to Sarah, Duchess of York, and a maternal second great-uncle to Princesses Beatrice and Eugenie of York.

Archie Stirling

Archibald Hugh Stirling, Laird of Keir (born 18 September 1941), is Laird of the Keir estate at Lecropt in the Stirling council area in Scotland.He is a millionaire theatrical producer, and a former officer in the Scots Guards.

Stirling is the eldest son of William Joseph Stirling, of Keir (9 May 1911 – 1983) and his wife (m. 22 November 1940) Susan Rachel Bligh (12 August 1916 – 1983), and a nephew of Colonel Sir David Stirling, DSO, OBE who was the founder of the Special Air Service, and both are descendants of King Charles II of Scotland and England. His sister Hannah is married to Robert Michael James Gascoyne-Cecil, 7th Marquess of Salisbury.

Stirling's first wife was Charmian Rachel Montagu Douglas Scott (18 July 1942 – 5 April 2009). They married on 11 November 1964 and were divorced in 1977. She was the niece of Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester and the granddaughter of John Montagu Douglas Scott, 7th Duke of Buccleuch. The couple had two sons, William Rory Alexander Stirling, born on 15 December 1965, and Ludovic David Stirling, born on 29 April 1967.

Stirling was married to actress Dame Diana Rigg for eight years, from 1982 to 1990; their only child is the actress Rachael Stirling, who was born in 1977. Their marriage ended in a 1990 divorce after Stirling had an affair with actress Joely Richardson.He is now married since 4 August 2000 in Southampton, New York, to Sharon Silver, of New York City. They have one child, David.

Baron Forester

Baron Forester, of Willey Park in the County of Shropshire, is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. It was created in 1821 for Cecil Weld-Forester, who had previously represented Wenlock in the House of Commons. Born Cecil Forester, he assumed the additional surname of Weld by royal licence in 1811. His son, the second Baron, also represented Wenlock from 1790 in Parliament, and later served in the Tory administration of Sir Robert Peel as Captain of the Honourable Corps of Gentlemen-at-Arms (Government Chief Whip in the House of Lords) from 1841 to 1846.

He was succeeded by his younger brother, the third Baron. He sat as a Conservative Member of Parliament for Wenlock for 46 years, and was Father of the House from 1873 to 1874. His nephew, the fifth Baron, also represented Wenlock in Parliament as a Conservative. Both his son, the sixth Baron, and grandson, the seventh Baron, served as Mayor of Wenlock. As of 2017, the title is held by the latter's grandson, the ninth Baron, who succeeded his father in 2004.

The family were anciently hereditary foresters of Wellington Hay in Mount Gilbert Forest, and lived at Wellington or at Watling Street Hall (later Old hall), where they had a half virgate of land held by keeping the Hay. John Forester (died c. 1521) leased Wellington Hay from perhaps 1512, and another John Forester bought its freehold in 1555. The family became gentry and several of the family became Members of Parliament for Wenlock. Her Royal Highness Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester, was a great-great-granddaughter of the 1st Baron Forester.

The family seat is Willey Hall, near Willey, Shropshire. The estate was inherited by Brooke Forester through his wife and has remained in the Weld-Forester family for over three centuries.

Charmian Campbell

Charmian Campbell (née Charmian Rachel Montagu Douglas Scott; 18 July 1942 – 5 April 2009) was a British socialite and artist.

She was born at Selkirk in the Scottish Borders to portrait painter Mary Winona Mannin "Molly" Bishop and Lord George Montagu Douglas Scott, the youngest son of the Duke of Buccleuch and Queensberry, Scotland's largest landowner (making her a niece to Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester). After World War II her parents settled in Wiltshire, where Charmian grew up with two siblings, Georgina Mary "Gina" and David.

In 1958 she left school to study art in Florence. She went on to study briefly at the Chelsea School of Art, where she quickly realized she was not happy and left. She then began modelling and found success until a car crash left her with minor facial injuries. During this time she was commissioned to draw Lady Antonia Fraser's eldest daughter. Charmian Campbell went on to a successful drawing career. She drew the children of the King and Queen of Spain, the children of Prince and Princess Michael of Kent, and actress Natalie Wood and her children. She supported the Amber Trust, a musical charity for blind and disabled children, and other charities by creating portraits for auction.

Geoffrey Hawkins

Admiral Sir Geoffrey Alan Brooke Hawkins KBE CB MVO DSC (13 July 1895 – 5 October 1980) was a Royal Navy officer who became Flag Officer, Malta.

Henry Scott, 3rd Duke of Buccleuch

Henry Scott, 3rd Duke of Buccleuch and 5th Duke of Queensberry KG FRSE (2 September 1746 – 11 January 1812) was a Scottish nobleman and long-time friend of Sir Walter Scott. He is the paternal 3rd great-grandfather of Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester, and the maternal 4th great-grandfather of Prince William of Gloucester and Prince Richard, Duke of Gloucester.

Much of the family's lands and wealth were accumulated during Henry's tenure as Duke. He integrated the surnames "Montagu" and "Douglas" with the Scott family name to form the unhyphenated compound surname "Montagu Douglas Scott".

Ida Bridgeman, Countess of Bradford

Ida Bridgeman, Countess of Bradford (formerly Lady Ida Frances Annabella Lumley, 28 November 1848 – 22 August 1936) was the wife of George Bridgeman, 4th Earl of Bradford, and the mother of Orlando Bridgeman, 5th Earl of Bradford.

Lady Ida was born at Tickhill Castle, the daughter of Richard Lumley, 9th Earl of Scarbrough, and his wife, the former Frederica Mary Adeliza Drummond. She married the earl, then Viscount Newport, on 7 September 1869 at Maltby, Yorkshire. Their children were:

Lady Beatrice Adine Bridgeman (1870-1952), who married Colonel Rt. Hon. Ernest George Pretyman and had children.

Lady Margaret Alice Bridgeman (1872-1954), who married John Montagu-Douglas-Scott, 7th Duke of Buccleuch, and had children, including Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester.

Orlando Bridgeman, 5th Earl of Bradford (1873-1957).

Lady Helena Mary Bridgeman (1875-1947), who married Osbert Molyneux, 6th Earl of Sefton, and had children.

Lady Florence Sibell Bridgeman (1877-1936), who married Ronald Collet Norman and had children.

Commander The Hon. Richard Orlando Beaconsfield Bridgeman (1879-1917), who was killed in a flying accident in East Africa during the First World War.

Lieutenant-Colonel The Hon. Henry George Orlando Bridgeman (1882-1972), who married Joan Constable-Maxwell and had children.The countess was a Lady of the Bedchamber to Mary of Teck when Princess of Wales in 1901-2.After the death of her husband in 1915, she became known as Dowager Duchess of Bradford. She remained resident at the family home of Castle Bromwich Hall until her death, following which the house was rented out. She is buried with her husband at St Andrew's Church, Weston-under-Lizard, near the family seat of Weston Park.

Jean Maxwell-Scott

Dame Jean Mary Monica Maxwell-Scott, DCVO (8 June 1923 – 5 May 2004) was the Laird and Chatelaine of Abbotsford which she and her elder sister, Patricia Maxwell-Scott, opened to the public, restored to its former glory, and ran for nearly five decades. She was the great-great-great-granddaughter of the novelist Sir Walter Scott, and on her death was his last direct descendant to live in Abbotsford. She was lady-in-waiting to Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester, from 1959 to 2004.

List of longest-living members of the British royal family

Twenty-seven members of the British royal family have lived to the age of 80 years or older since the Acts of Union 1707 established the Kingdom of Great Britain. These British royal family members consist of two centenarians, eight nonagenarians, and 17 octogenarians. Of the British royals who have lived to 80 years or longer, 20 have been women and seven have been men. Seventeen of the 27 royals aged 80 or older have been members of the British royal family by blood and 11 have been members through marriage. Of the royals to reach the age of 80 or older, only Princess Mary, Duchess of Gloucester and Edinburgh (1776–1857), was a member of the British royal family by both blood and marriage. Four of the British royals who lived 80 years or longer were deprived of their British peerages and royal titles in 1919 under the Titles Deprivation Act 1917 as the children or spouses of enemies of the United Kingdom during World War I and are indicated below with asterisks (*).The longest-living member of the British royal family has been Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester (1901–2004), who lived 102 years and 309 days. Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester became the oldest ever member of the royal family when she surpassed the age of 101 years and 238 days in 2003, the age at which Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother (1900–2002) died in 2002. Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother had previously set the record of being the longest-living British royal in 1998 when she surpassed the age of 97 years and 313 days, the age of Princess Alice, Countess of Athlone (1883–1981), when she died in 1981. Princess Alice of Albany is also the longest-living member by blood and was the last surviving grandchild of Queen Victoria (1819–1901) and Albert, Prince Consort (1819–1861). The current oldest living member of the British royal family is Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh (born 1921), who is the third longest-living British royal and the longest-living male British royal. Prince Philip became the longest-serving royal consort in 2009. The United Kingdom’s current reigning monarch, Elizabeth II (born 1926), is presently the sixth longest ever living British royal family member, the longest-living British monarch, and, since September 2015, the longest ever reigning British monarch.

Lord William Montagu-Douglas-Scott

Lieutenant-Colonel Lord William Walter Montagu-Douglas-Scott MC (17 January 1896 – 30 January 1958) was a Scottish aristocrat and politician.

The 2nd son of John Montagu Douglas Scott, 7th Duke of Buccleuch, he was educated at Eton College and at the Royal Military College, Sandhurst. He was commissioned into the 10th Hussars. Promoted Lieutenant in 1915, he won the Military Cross in 1918 and was shortly afterwards promoted Captain. From 1925 to 1926 he was ADC to the Governor-General of Canada. He retired in 1927. He rejoined the Army in the Second World War, serving in Italy and reaching the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel.

He was Unionist Member of Parliament (MP) for Roxburgh and Selkirk from 1935 to 1950, taking over the seat from his elder brother Walter on the death of their father.

In 1937 he married Lady Rachel Douglas Home (10 April 1910 – 4 Apr 1996), younger daughter of Charles Douglas-Home, 13th Earl of Home. The couple had one son and four daughters, and lived at Eildon Hall, St Boswells, Roxburghshire.

His sister was Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester (1901 – 2004).

Louisa Montagu Douglas Scott, Duchess of Buccleuch

Louisa Jane Montagu Douglas Scott, Duchess of Buccleuch and Queensberry (26 August 1836 – 16 March 1912) was the daughter of James Hamilton, 1st Duke of Abercorn. In 1884, she became the Duchess of Buccleuch and Duchess of Queensberry, the wife of William Henry Walter Montagu Douglas Scott, 6th Duke of Buccleuch & 8th Duke of Queensberry. She was the paternal grandmother of Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester and of Marian Louisa, Lady Elmhirst, as well as the maternal great-grandmother of Prince William of Gloucester, Prince Richard, Duke of Gloucester and great-great-grandmother of Sarah, Duchess of York.

Montagu House, Whitehall

Montagu House was the name of a mansion in Whitehall in Westminster, Central London, England.

Royal Hussars

The Royal Hussars (Prince of Wales's Own) was a cavalry regiment of the British Army. It was formed by the amalgamation of the 10th Royal Hussars and the 11th Hussars in 1969 and it amalgamated with the 14th/20th King's Hussars to form the King's Royal Hussars in 1992.

Royal Pavilion, Aldershot

The Royal Pavilion, also known as the Queen's Pavilion, was a royal residence located at Aldershot in Hampshire. The most unpretentious of all royal residences, it was built by George Myers as a wooden structure in 1855 for Queen Victoria and Prince Albert for use by members of the Royal Family when in Aldershot to attend military reviews and other occasions. Located off the Farnborough Road opposite the former West Cavalry Barracks, nearby are the Royal Garrison Church and the Wellington Statue. It was dismantled in the early 1960s. Today the site is the location of the Royal Pavilion Office Park.

Simon Bland

Lieutenant-Colonel Sir Simon Claud Michael Bland, KCVO (born 1923) is a retired British soldier and courtier.

The son of the diplomat Sir Nevile Bland, he served with the Scots Guards in the Second World War and during the Malaya Emergency and was the assistant military adviser to the High Commission in Karachi (1959–60). In 1961, he was appointed Assistant Private Secretary to Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester; he then served as Comptroller and Private Secretary in his household from 1963 until the Duke's death in 1974, and was also Private Secretary to his eldest son, Prince William of Gloucester, from 1968 until the Prince's death in 1972. He subsequently served as Private Secretary, Comptroller and Equerry to Prince William's younger brother Richard (who became Duke of Gloucester in 1974) and to his mother Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester, until retirement in 1989.Bland was appointed a Member (Fourth Class) of the Royal Victorian Order in the 1967 Birthday Honours, and was promoted twice, firstly to Commander in the 1973 Birthday Honours and then to Knight Commander in the 1982 Birthday Honours.

Walter Scott, Earl of Dalkeith

Walter John Francis Montagu Douglas Scott, Earl of Dalkeith (born 2 August 1984) is a Scottish nobleman. He is the second child and elder son of Richard Montagu Douglas Scott, 10th Duke of Buccleuch & 12th Duke of Queensberry, and the former Lady Elizabeth Kerr, a daughter of Peter Kerr, 12th Marquess of Lothian, and Antonella Reuss Newland. He is heir apparent to the Dukedoms of Buccleuch and Queensberry.

As the eldest son of the Duke of Buccleuch and Queensberry, he uses the courtesy title Earl of Dalkeith, a title which he has used since the death of grandfather, John Scott, 9th Duke of Buccleuch, on 4 September 2007. Until his grandfather's death, he had used the courtesy title Lord Eskdaill.

Lord Dalkeith served as a page of honour to Queen Elizabeth II from 1996 to 1999.

His paternal great-grandaunt was Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester.

On 12 December 2013, the engagement was announced of the Earl of Dalkeith to Elizabeth Cobbe of East Woodhay, Hampshire. They married on 22 November 2014.

Wedding dress of Birgitte van Deurs

The wedding dress of Birgitte van Deurs was worn at her wedding to Prince Richard of Gloucester on 8 July 1972 at St Andrew's Church, Barnwell, Northamptonshire.

The dress was designed by Norman Hartnell, who first collaborated with the British royal family for the wedding dress of the groom's mother, Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester. The dress was constructed of Swiss organdie, with a high collar, a simple skirt, long sleeves and a small train.Instead of wearing a tiara, the bride secured her white tulle veil with a grouping of stephanotis flowers.The dress was regarded by some as one of Hartnell's more modern creations for the time, incorporating some stylistic features of 1970s fashion.

William Montagu Douglas Scott, 6th Duke of Buccleuch

William Henry Walter Montagu Douglas Scott, 6th Duke of Buccleuch and 8th Duke of Queensberry (9 September 1831 – 5 November 1914) was a Scottish Member of Parliament and peer. He was the paternal grandfather of Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester, and the maternal great-grandfather of Prince William of Gloucester and Prince Richard, Duke of Gloucester. He was a paternal great-great-grandfather to Sarah, Duchess of York.

York House, St James's Palace

York House is a historic wing of St James's Palace, London, built for Frederick, Prince of Wales on his marriage in 1736. It is in the north-western part of the palace on the site of a former suttling-house (canteen) for the Guards; it overlooks Ambassadors' Court and Cleveland Row to the west of the old Chapel Royal. Prince Frederick occupied it for about a year, until his quarrel with the his father drove him from Court.

In 1795, Princess Caroline resided here before her marriage with the Prince of Wales, afterwards George IV. Prince Ernest Augustus, Duke of Cumberland, subsequently King of Hanover, lived here for a great many years; and the Duchess of Cambridge was identified with it from 1851 until her death in 1889. Later occupants included the future George V, the late Duke and Duchess of Gloucester from 1936 to 1970, and Princes Charles, William and Harry, who used it before moving to Clarence House.It was the birthplace of Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester, on 31 March 1900.As Edward, Prince of Wales, the future Edward VIII lived at York House, before his refurbishment of Fort Belvedere in Windsor Great Park.The plan of the building is as follows: a suite of somewhat low-pitched rooms on the ground-floor, several drawing-rooms on the first floor, a corridor in the rear, and the servants' rooms on the top storey; all facing Cleveland Row. The ceilings of the top floor are low; height having been sacrificed to that of the drawing-room floor, during the nineteenth century a common practice in London mansions.

The name York House has used at various times for other houses occupied by various Dukes of York, including those now known as Cumberland House, Dover House, Lancaster House and The Albany.

Ancestors of Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester
8. Walter Montagu Douglas Scott, 5th Duke of Buccleuch
4. William Montagu Douglas Scott, 6th Duke of Buccleuch
9. Lady Charlotte Thynne
2. John Montagu Douglas Scott, 7th Duke of Buccleuch
10. James Hamilton, 1st Duke of Abercorn
5. Lady Louisa Hamilton
11. Lady Louisa Russell
1. Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester
12. Orlando Bridgeman, 3rd Earl of Bradford
6. George Bridgeman, 4th Earl of Bradford
13. The Honourable Selina Forester
3. Lady Margaret Bridgeman
14. Richard Lumley, 9th Earl of Scarbrough
7. Lady Ida Lumley
15. Frederica Mary Adeliza Drummond
1st generation
2nd generation
3rd generation
4th generation
5th generation
6th generation
7th generation
8th generation
9th generation
10th generation
11th generation

Languages

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.