Prime time

The prime time or the peak time is the block of broadcast programming taking place during the middle of the evening for television programming. It is used by the major television networks to broadcast their season's nightly programming.

The term prime time is often defined in terms of a fixed time period – for example (in the United States), from 8:00 p.m. to 11:00 p.m. (Eastern and Pacific Time) or 7:00 p.m. to 10:00 p.m. (Central and Mountain Time). In India and other Middle East countries, prime time constitutes of the programmes that are aired on TV between 7:30 p.m. and 10:30 p.m. local time.

Asia

Bangladesh

In Bangladeshi Television Channels, the 19:00-to-22:00 time slot is known as Prime Time. Several National Broadcasters like Maasranga Television, Gazi TV, Channel 9, Channel i broadcast their prime time shows from 20.00 to 23.00 after their Primetime news at 19.00. During Eid Season, most of the TV Stations broadcast their especially produced shows and World Television Premiers starting from 15.00 to 24.00. In Ramadan, the broadcasters also air special Religious and Cooking shows starting from 14.00 to 20.00 affecting the primetime hours. Besides, Late Night Talkshows are also aired from 01.00 to 04.00 with Ramadan being exception.[1] Religious shows are also broadcast simultaneously from 01.00 along with Talkshows and News Analysis.[2]

China

In Chinese television, the 19:00-to-22:00 time slot is known as Golden Time (Traditional Chinese: 黄金時間; Simplified Chinese: 黄金时间; Pinyin: Huángjīn shíjiān). The term also influenced a nickname of a strip of holidays in known as Golden Week.

Hong Kong and Macau

Prime time usually takes place from 19:00 until 22:00. After that, programs classified as “PG” (Parental Guidance) are allowed to be broadcast. Frontline dramas appear during this time slot in Cantonese, as well as movies in English.

India

In India, prime time occurs between 20:00 and 22:30. The main news programs are broadcast at 20:30, and the highest-rated television program is preceded by it at 20:00. Usually, programmes during prime time are domestic dramas, foreign drama series (mostly American), movies and entertainment programmes.

Indonesia

Prime time usually takes place from 18:00 to 23:00 WIB, preceded by a daily newscast at 17:00 (although some channels broadcast their daily evening newscasts earlier, usually at 16:00 or 16:30). After prime time, programs classified as Adult, as well as cigarette commercials, are allowed to be broadcast,.

Like another Muslim-majority country, there is also a 'midnight prime time' during sahur time in a month of Ramadan. It takes place from 02:00 (or 02:30 in some channels) and ends at the Fajr prayer call, varies between 04:30 and 05:00. The time slot is usually filled with comedy and religious programming.

Iraq

In Iraq, prime time runs from 20:00 to 23:00. The main news programs are broadcast at 20:00 and the highest-rated television program airs at 21:00.

Japan

In Japanese television, prime time runs from 19:00 to 23:00. Especially, the 19:00-to-22:00 time slot is also known as Golden Time (ゴールデン・タイム gōruden taimu, or just Golden). The term also influenced a nickname of a strip of holidays in known as Golden Week.

Malaysia

Malaysian prime time starts with the main news from 20:00 to 20:30 (now 20:00 to 21:00) and ends either at 23:00 or 0:30, or possibly later. Usually, programmes during prime time are domestic dramas, foreign drama series (mostly American), films and entertainment programmes. Programmes classified as 18 are not allowed to be broadcast before 10:00 p.m. but on RTM, most programmes on this slot are rated U (U means Umum in Malay and literally General Viewing or General Audiences in English) throughout the whole day. However, programmes broadcast after 23:00 are still considered prime time. As of December 2010, NTV7's prime time continues until 12:00 a.m. Programmes during prime time may have longer commercial breaks due to number of viewers.

Some domestic prime time productions may be affected because of certain major sporting events such as FIFA World Cup. However, only FIFA World Cup held in the Americas do not affect the domestic prime time programmes but only during daytime.

Pakistan

In Pakistan, The prime time begins between 20:00 - 22:00 Pakistan Standard Time. During this time majority of the local channels broadcast news and or drama serials, however on state channels it has been observed that they broadcast Khabarnama (New Bulletin) from past many decades.

Philippines

In the Philippines, prime time blocks begin at 18:00 (now 17:50 or 17:00) and run until about 23:00 (or 23:30) on weekdays, and 19:00 to 23:00 on weekends. The weekday prime time blocks usually consists of local teleseryes (soap operas) and foreign television series. The network's highest-rated programs are usually aired right after the evening newscast at 20:00, while a foreign series usually precedes the late night newscast.

On weekends, non-scripted programming such as comedy series, talent shows, reality shows and current affairs shows air in prime time. For the minor networks, prime time consists of American television series on weekdays, with encores of those shows on weekends. Prime time originally started earlier at around 19:00, but the evening newscasts were lengthened to 90 minutes and now start at 18:30, instead of the original one-hour newscast that starts at 18:00.

Singapore

In Singapore, prime time begins at 18:30 on MediaCorp Channel 8 and 19:00 on MediaCorp Channel 5, MediaCorp Channel U, Channel NewsAsia, MediaCorp Suria, MediaCorp Vasantham and MediaCorp Okto.[3] which are also the main (Free-to-air) television channels in Singapore.[4][5]

On Channel 8, prime time ends at 24:00 or 0:15 on weekdays, at 0:30 on Saturday nights and at 23:30 on Sunday nights. On Channel 5, prime time ends at 0:00 on weekdays, at 1:30 (or later) on Saturday nights and at 0:30 on Sunday nights. On Suria, prime time ends at 22:30 on Monday to Thursday nights, 00:30 on Friday nights, 23:00 on weekends and at 00:30 or 01:00 on eve and actual days of Public Holidays. On Vasantham, prime time ends at 23:00 on Mondays to Thursdays and at 24:00 (or later) on Fridays to Sundays. On Channel NewsAsia, prime time ends at 23:01, immediately after the news headlines, seven days a week. On Channel U, prime time ends at 23:00 seven days a week and on Okto, prime time ends at closedown at 24:00 or later. Generally, however, prime time is considered to be from 18:30 to 00:00.

South Korea

In South Korea, prime time usually runs from 20:00 to 23:00 during the week, while on Saturdays and Sundays, it runs from 18:00 to 23:00. Family-oriented television shows are broadcast before 22:00, and adult-oriented television shows air after 22:00.

Taiwan

In Taiwan, prime time (called bādiǎn dàng - 八點檔 - in Mandarin Chinese) starts at 20:00 in the evening. Taiwanese drama series played then are called 8 o'clock series and are expected to have high viewer ratings.

Thailand

In Thailand, prime time dramas (ละคร; la-korn) air from 20:30 to 22:30. Most dramas are soap operas. Prime time dramas are popular and influential to Thai society.

Vietnam

In Vietnam Prime time is also known as Golden Time (Tiếng Việt: Giờ vàng), prime time starts at 20:00 in the evening and ends at 23:00.

Europe

Bosnia and Herzegovina

In Bosnia and Herzegovina, prime time starts at 20.00 and finishes at 22.00. It is preceded by a daily newscast (Dnevnik) at 19.00 and followed by a late night newscast (Vijesti) at 22.00.

Croatia

In Croatia, prime time starts between 20.00 and 20.15. Croatian public broadcaster HRT broadcasts a daily newscast from 19.00 to 20.00. Also, many private broadcasters have daily newscasts either before or after the HTY newscast, at around 20.05, followed by the start of their own prime time. Many broadcasters without daily newscasts start their prime time at 20.00. Prime time generally ends between 22.00 and 23.00, followed by the late night edition of the network newscast and adult-oriented programming.

Denmark

In Denmark, prime time starts at 20.00.

Finland

In Finland, prime time starts at 21.00. It is preceded by a daily newscast at 20.30.

France

In France prime time runs from 21.00 (after the main channels' evening news programmes) until around 22.30.

Georgia

In Georgia, prime time starts between 18.45 and 20.00 and generally ends at 24.00. However, on Friday night / Saturday morning prime time usually continues until 1.00.

Germany

At 20.00 each evening Das Erste (The First), Germany's oldest public television network, airs the country's most-watched news broadcast, the main edition of the Tagesschau – which is also simulcast on most of its other specialist and regional channels (The Third). The conclusion of the bulletin 15 minutes later marks the beginning of prime time, as it has since the 1950s. In consequence, most channels also choose to start their prime time at 20.15. In the 1990s, the commercial channel Sat.1 suffered a significant loss of audience share when it tried moving the start of its prime time to 20.00.

Greece

In Greece, prime time runs from 21.00 (usually following the news) to 24.00.

Hungary

In Hungary, prime time on weekdays on the two big commercial stations (RTL Klub and TV2) starts at 19.00 with game shows, tabloid and docu-reality programmes. At 21.00, two popular soap operas air: Barátok közt and Jóban Rosszban, which follows at 21.30. American and other series, movies, talk-shows and magazines run until 23.30. The prime-time lineup is preceded by daily news programmes at 18.30. At weekends prime time begins at 19.00, with blockbuster movies and television shows.

Before 15 March 2015, the public television station M1 began its prime time with a game show at 18.30, which was followed by the daily news programme Híradó at 19.30. After the news, the channel broadcast American and other series, talk shows, magazines, and news programmes until 22.00, after which came the daily news magazine Este and the late edition of Híradó.

From 15 March 2015, Duna began broadcasting all of the entertainment programming transferred to it from that date from M1, meaning that prime time on Duna now begins at 18.00, starting with the simulcast of the 18.00 edition of Híradó from the newly re-launched news channel, M1.

Iceland

In Iceland, prime time starts at 19:30. It is preceded by a daily newscast at 19:00.

Italy

In Italy, prime time (called "prima serata") starts between 21.00 and 21.45 (main channels) and ends between 23:30 and 00:30. On Friday and Saturday night some shows last until 01:30-02:00. It usually follows news and, on some networks (like Rai 1 and Canale 5), a slot called “access prime time”. Shows, movies, and sport events are usually shown during prime time.

Netherlands

Much like in Germany, prime time in the Netherlands usually begins at 20:30 in order to not compete with NOS's flagship 20:00 newscast.

Norway

In Norway, prime time starts at 19:45. On the NRK1 channel it is preceded by the daily newscast Dagsrevyen at 19:00. Locally, prime time is called beste sendetid (lit. "best time for broadcasting").

Poland

In Poland, prime time starts around 20:00 (sometimes 20:30). On (TVP 1) It is preceded by a daily newscast at 19:30, on (TVN) the newscast is aired at 19:00 followed by the newsmagazine Uwaga at 19:50 (weekdays)/19:45 (weekends) and then the soap Na Wspólnej at 20:05 (Monday to Thursday, from Friday to Sunday (at 20:00) various: movies on Friday, show or movies (Winter and Summer) at Saturday, and programme or movies (Winter and Summer) at Sunday), on (Polsat) the news is aired at 18:50, followed by a sitcom Świat według Kiepskich at 19:30.

Russia

In Russia television prime time is between 19:00 and 23:00 on working days and from 15:00 to 01:00 on holidays. On radio stations there are morning, day and evening prime times. The most common division: morning — 6:30 to 10:00; day — с 12:00 to 14:00; evening - 16:00 to 21:00.

Slovakia

Public television in Slovakia consists of two channels; on the main channel (Jednotka) prime time starts at 20:10, and on the second one (Dvojka) prime time programming starts at 20:00. The two biggest private broadcasters set the start of prime time programming at 20:20 (Markíza) and 20:30 (JOJ). Generally, however, prime time is considered to be from 20:00 to 23:00.

Slovenia

In Slovenia, prime time, the period in which the most-watched shows are broadcast, is from 8:00pm to 11:00pm. It is preceded by daily newscasts; Dnevnik RTV SLO (7:00pm–8:00pm) on TV SLO 1, 24ur (6:55pm–8:00pm) on POP TV, Svet na Kanalu A (6:00pm–7:00pm; 7:50pm–8:0pm), and Danes (7:30pm–8:00pm) on Planet TV.

Spain

In Spain, prime time refers to the time period in which the most-watched shows are broadcast. Prime time in Spain starts quite late when compared to most nations as it runs from 22:30 till 01:00. Most news programmes in Spain air at 21:00 for an hour and prime time follows. However, due to fierce competition, especially among the private stations prime time has even been delayed until 23:00. Most channels are delaying prime time in order to protect their top shows from sporting events.

In the 1990s, prime time in Spain began at 21:00, moving to 21:30 in the latter half of the 1990s and 22:00 in the early 2000s. Commercial broadcaster laSexta and the second channel from the Public broadcasting La 2 have attempted to shift prime time back to 21:30 in 2006 and Spring 2007, but these attempts have been unsuccessful. Fellow public channel La 1 also tried to pull prime time back to 21:00 in early 2015, to no avail.

The lateness in the start of prime time in Spain is also due to Spanish culture. Spanish people generally work from 09:00-14:00 and then from 17:00-20:00 as opposed to the standard 09:00-17:00. The popular late night show Crónicas Marcianas during the late 1990s–2000 also helped to extend prime time well into the early hours with the show being watched by a share of 40%, despite finishing at 02:00.

Spain might also be unique in that it has a second prime time, running from 14:30-17:00 which coincides with the extended Spanish lunch break. Shows airing in the secondary prime time period on many occasions beat those prime time shows at night on a daily basis. The second prime time only occurs on weekdays, though and the slot is usually filled with The Simpsons, news, soap operas and talk shows.

Sweden

In Sweden, prime time starts at 20:00. It is preceded by a daily newscast at 19:30 and local news at 19:50.

United Kingdom

In the UK, the term used is peak time, early peak is 17:30 to 20:00 and late peak is 20:00 to 23:00.[6]

North America

Dayparting in the United States
U.S. TV dayparting; prime time is in light purple

In North America, television networks feed their prime time programming in two blocks: one for the Eastern and Central time zones, and the other, on a three-hour tape delay, for the Pacific time zone, to their local network affiliates. In Atlantic Canada (including Newfoundland) as well as Alaska and Hawaii, there is no change in the interpretation or usage of "prime time" as the concept is not attached to time zones in any way. Affiliates in the Mountain, Alaskan, and Hawaiian zones are either on their own to delay broadcast by an hour or two, or collectively form a small, regional network feed with others in the same time zone.

Prime time is commonly defined as 8:00-11:00 p.m. Eastern/Pacific and 7:00-10:00 p.m. Central/Mountain. On Sundays, the major broadcast television networks traditionally begin their primetime programming at 7:00 p.m. (Eastern/Pacific, 6:00 p.m. Central/Mountain) instead. Some networks such as Fox, The CW, and MyNetworkTV only broadcast from 8:00-10:00 p.m., a time period known as "common prime". Most networks air primetime programming nightly, but the smaller MyNetworkTV only broadcasts prime time programs on weekdays since 2009, and The CW only broadcasts on weekdays and Sundays as of 2018, leaving weekends to their affiliates. In Canada, CTV and Global both follow the same model as the larger U.S. networks (although both may occasionally air programming in the 7:00 p.m. hour in the event of scheduling conflicts with other U.S. imports), while CBC Television, Citytv and CTV Two only schedule prime time programs within the common prime period (with the 10:00 p.m. p.m. hour dedicated to syndicated programming on Citytv and CTV Two, and CBC airing its news program The National).

Since the early 2000s, the major networks have come to consider Saturday prime time as a graveyard slot, and have largely abandoned scheduling of new scripted programming on that night. The major networks still maintain a prime time programming schedule on Saturdays; while live sporting events (most commonly college football in the United States and ice hockey in Canada) are generally preferred to fill the time slot, they typically air encores of programs aired earlier in the week, films, non-scripted reality programs, true crime programs produced by their news divisions and, occasionally, burned off episodes of low-rated or cancelled series.

Prime time can be extended or truncated if coverage of sporting events run past their allotted end time. Since the "Heidi Game" incident in 1968, in which NBC cut away from coverage of a New York Jets/Oakland Raiders football game on the east coast in order to show a movie (and, in the process, causing viewers to miss an unexpected comeback by the Raiders to win the game), the present-day National Football League mandated that all games be broadcast in their entirety in the markets of the teams involved. Due to this rule, game telecasts may sometimes overrun into the 7:00 p.m. ET hour. Fox previously scheduled repeats of its animated series in the 7:00 hour, allowing themselves to simply pre-empt the reruns if a game ran long. This was later replaced by a half-hour-long wrap-up show, The OT. In contrast, CBS does not, as its weekly newsmagazine 60 Minutes has traditionally aired as close to 7:00 p.m. ET as possible. Even if a game runs past that hour, CBS shows 60 Minutes in its entirety after the conclusion of coverage, and the rest of the prime time schedule on the East Coast is shifted to compensate. For example, if game coverage were to end at 7:30 p.m., prime time would end at 11:30 p.m.

However, in the rare case where the NFL game runs excessively late (8 p.m. or later), the series scheduled to air at 10 p.m. is preempted, with the West Coast and eastern markets airing only an early afternoon game usually receiving a repeat of the 10 p.m. series instead. In an extreme case, CBS's prime time can be extended past midnight during broadcasts of the NCAA Division I Men's Basketball Tournament. This does not necessarily apply universally; in 2001, after an XFL game went into double overtime, causing a 45-minute delay of a highly promoted episode of Saturday Night Live, NBC made a decision to cut off all future XFL broadcasts at 11:00 p.m. ET. Since the launch of NBCSN, NBC has occasionally invoked this curfew by moving sports overruns to that channel if necessary.

Until the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) regulated time slots prior to prime time with the now-defunct Prime Time Access Rule in the 1971–1972 season, networks began programming at 7:30 p.m. Eastern and Pacific/6:30 p.m. Central and Mountain on weeknights. The change helped instigate what is colloquially known as the "rural purge"—a long-term trend away from programs appealing to older and rural audiences in favor of programs catering towards younger, "urban" viewers. As a result, the hour became a lucrative timeslot for syndicated programming in the years that followed, with game and variety shows, as well as other syndicated reruns, becoming popular.[7][8][9]

The vast majority of prime time programming in English-speaking North America comes from the United States, with only a limited amount produced in Canada. The Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission mandates quotas for Canadian content in prime time; these quotas indicate at least half of Canadian prime time programs must be Canadian in origin, but the majority of this is served by national and local news or localized entertainment gossip shows such as Global's ET Canada and CTV's eTalk.

Likewise, the vast majority of Spanish-language programming in North America comes from Mexico. Televisa, a Mexican network, provides the majority of programming to the dominant U.S.-based Spanish broadcaster, Univision. Univision does produce a fairly large amount of unscripted Spanish-language programming, the best known having been the long-running variety show Sábado Gigante, hosted and created by Chilean national Don Francisco. Univision's distant second-place competitor, Telemundo, produces a much greater share of in-house content, including a long line of telenovelas.

In Quebec, the largest Francophone area of North America, French-language programming consists of originally produced programs (most of which are produced in Montreal, with a few produced in Quebec City) and a few French-language dubs of English language programs. On all of the Quebec networks, entertainment programming is scheduled only between 8 and 10 p.m., with the 10-11 p.m. hour given over to a network newscast or a nightly talk show.

Prime time in the context of U.S. radio/TV-revenues

Prime time is the daypart (a block of a day's programming schedule) with the most viewers and is generally where television networks and local stations reap much of their advertising revenues. In recent years television advertising expenditure in the US has been highest during prime-time drama shows.[10]

The Nielsen ratings system is explicitly designed for the optimum measurement of audience viewership by dayparts with prime time being of most interest. Most people tend to watch television at prime time, as most often, based on standard working time, the end of the work day coincides with prime time viewing hours. Most viewers sit down to watch TV after dinner. This is usually the main reason for the high ratings for television programming at this time, as well as the attraction of the timeslot for advertisers.

The existence of prime time in the United States is largely an artifact of now repealed regulations of the Federal Communications Commission, which limited the number of hours that a network can require its affiliates to broadcast.

Additionally, networks may also choose to provide local affiliates the opportunity to air sporting events or other special events which may fall outside of standard designated network broadcast times. Prime time for radio is called “Drive time” and, in Eastern and Pacific Time, is 6–10 a.m. and 3–7 p.m. and, for Mountain and Central Time, is 5–9 a.m. and 2–6 p.m.

A survey by Nielsen revealed that viewers watched almost two hours worth of TV during prime time.[11]

South America

In a great part of Latin American countries, prime time (known in most countries as horario central or "Central Time") is considered to be from 6:00 or 7:00 p.m. to 10:00 or 11:00 p.m. The time slot is usually used for news, telenovelas and television series, and special time slots are used for reality shows, with great popularity, especially in Mexico and Brazil. In Mexico, Prime Time is known as horario estelar ("Stellar Time"). In Brazil, it is called horário nobre ("noble time"), which is the time the three most famous telenovelas in the country are shown each weekday and on Saturdays. There are also news programs, reality shows, and sitcoms.

Argentina

In Argentina, prime time is considered to be from 8.00 p.m. until 12.00 a.m.; with the most successful series and telenovelas in the country (such as Los Roldán and Valientes), and entertainment shows, like CQC (Caiga Quien Caiga).

Chile

In Chile, prime time is considered to be from 10.30 p.m. until 01.00 a.m.; with the most successful series and telenovelas in the country (such as Socias and Las Vega's). Investigation entertainment shows (like Informe Especial, Contacto, Apuesto por tí) also air.

Oceania

Australia

Prime time in Australia is officially from 6:00 p.m. to midnight, following Australian Eastern Standard Time, with the highest ratings normally achieved between 6:00 p.m. to 9:00 p.m.

New Zealand

Traditionally, prime time in New Zealand is considered to be 7:30pm to 10:30pm, but can be extended to cover the entire evening of television (5:30pm to 11:00pm).

See also

References

  1. ^ http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/tv/channel/ntv-bangladesh/params/tvchannel/channelid-10000000016910000
  2. ^ http://www.thedailystar.net/arts-entertainment/tv/eid-delights-the-small-screen-1424986
  3. ^ "MDA Annual Report Annex", ' 'Media Development Authority' ', March 2013. Retrieved 9 April 2015.
  4. ^ Television in Singapore
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-05-24. Retrieved 2015-04-10.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ "Regulator Archives". Retrieved 28 July 2016.
  7. ^ ROSENBERG, HOWARD (1987-09-14). "Syndicated-tv Reviews : Prime-time Lead-ins On Nbc: Joke's On Viewers". Los Angeles Times. ISSN 0458-3035. Retrieved 2018-09-25.
  8. ^ Daley, Steve. "COMEDIES TRYING TO GET THE JUMP ON GAME SHOWS". Chicago Tribunemaccess-date=2018-09-25.
  9. ^ "TV's 'Rural Purge'". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2018-09-25.
  10. ^ Genre breakdown of primetime TV advertising expenditure in the United States in 2011. Nielsen. April 2012. Retrieved November 6, 2013.
  11. ^ How Much TV Do People Watch During the Day? Marketingcharts.com. April 4, 2013. Retrieved November 5, 2013.

External links

Preceded by
Daytime television
Television dayparts
7:00 PM – 11:00 PM
Succeeded by
Late night television
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AARP was founded in 1958 by Ethel Percy Andrus (a retired educator from California) and Leonard Davis (later the founder of the Colonial Penn Group of insurance companies). It is an influential lobbying group in the United States focusing largely on seniors issues. AARP sells paid memberships, and markets insurance and other services to its members. Its "Fraud Watch" includes write-ups by former con man and FBI advisor Frank Abagnale.

Broadcast delay

In radio and television, broadcast delay is an intentional delay when broadcasting live material. Such a delay may be short (often seven seconds) to prevent mistakes or unacceptable content from being broadcast. Longer delays lasting several hours can also be introduced so that the material is aired at a later scheduled time (such as the prime time hours) to maximize viewership.

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Frederick Douglas Rosser III (born November 2, 1983) is an American professional wrestler, best known for his time with WWE under the ring name Darren Young. He now wrestles on the independent circuit under his real name.

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Epguides

epguides is a website dedicated to English language radio and television shows. Established in 1995 as The Episode Guides Page, it originally offered fan-compiled episode guides for hundreds of United States and United Kingdom series. In 1999, the site's name was changed to epguides and moved to a separate domain name.

It was recommended by television historian Tim Brooks and Earle Marsh in the seventh edition of their book, The Complete Directory to Prime Time Network and Cable TV Shows 1946–Present, and again recommended in the eighth edition published in 2003.epguides has been cited as a source of information in publications such as Library Currents, The Rough Guide to The Internet, Internet Cool Guide: A Savvy Guide to the Hottest Web Sites, Information Literacy: Navigating and Evaluating Today's Media, Television Women from Lucy to Friends: Fifty Years of Sitcoms and Feminism, Prehistoric Humans in Film and Television, and Queer TV: Framing Sexualities on US Television.

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Fox Broadcasting Company

The Fox Broadcasting Company (often shortened to Fox and stylized in all capital letters as FOX) is an American commercial terrestrial television network that is a flagship property of the Fox Corporation. The network is headquartered at 1211 Avenue of the Americas in New York City, with additional offices at the Fox Broadcasting Center (Also in New York) and at the Fox Television Center in Los Angeles.

Launched on October 9, 1986, as a competitor to the Big Three television networks (ABC, CBS and NBC), Fox went on to become the most successful attempt at a fourth television network. It was the highest-rated broadcast network in the 18–49 demographic from 2004 to 2012, and earned the position as the most-watched American television network in total viewership during the 2007–08 season.

Fox and its affiliated companies operate many entertainment channels in international markets, although these do not necessarily air the same programming as the U.S. network. Most viewers in Canada have access to at least one U.S.-based Fox affiliate, either over-the-air or through a pay television provider, although Fox's National Football League telecasts and most of its prime time programming are subject to simultaneous substitution regulations for cable and satellite providers imposed by the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC) to protect rights held by domestically based networks.

The network is named after 20th Century Fox, Fox's original parent company (and still its major supplier of programming, despite its acquisition by The Walt Disney Company), and indirectly for producer William Fox, who founded one of the movie studio's predecessors, Fox Film. Fox is a member of the North American Broadcasters Association and the National Association of Broadcasters.

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Independent station (North America)

An independent station is a type of television station broadcasting in the United States or Canada that is not affiliated with any broadcast television network; most commonly, these stations carry a mix of syndicated, brokered and in some cases, local programming to fill time periods when network programs typically would air. Stations that are affiliated with networks such as The CW, MyNetworkTV or to a lesser degree, even Fox may be considered to be quasi-independent stations as these networks mainly provide programming during primetime, with limited to no network-supplied content in other time periods.

Independent radio is a similar concept with regards to community radio stations, although with a slightly different meaning (as many non-"indie" commercial broadcasting radio stations produce the vast majority of their own programming, perhaps retaining only a nominal affiliation with a radio network for news updates or syndicated radio programming).

Lists of United States network television schedules

This article gives a list of all the United States network television schedules since 1946, including prime time, daytime, and late night. The four main U.S. television channels each have their own prime time television schedules which are altered each year, and the subsequent articles provide a comprehensive review for each year, starting with the 1946 season to present.

NBC

The National Broadcasting Company (NBC) is an American English-language commercial terrestrial television network that is a flagship property of NBCUniversal, a subsidiary of Comcast. The network is headquartered at 30 Rockefeller Plaza in New York City, with additional major offices near Los Angeles (at 10 Universal City Plaza), Chicago (at the NBC Tower) and Philadelphia (at the Comcast Technology Center). The network is one of the Big Three television networks. NBC is sometimes referred to as the "Peacock Network", in reference to its stylized peacock logo, introduced in 1956 to promote the company's innovations in early color broadcasting. It became the network's official emblem in 1979.

Founded in 1926 by the Radio Corporation of America (RCA), NBC is the oldest major broadcast network in the United States. At that time the parent company of RCA was General Electric (GE). In 1930, GE was forced to sell the companies as a result of antitrust charges.

In 1986, control of NBC passed back to General Electric (GE) through its $6.4 billion purchase of RCA. (GE later liquidated RCA but kept NBC.) Following the acquisition by GE, Bob Wright served as chief executive officer of NBC, remaining in that position until his retirement in 2007, when he was succeeded by Jeff Zucker.

In 2003, French media company Vivendi merged its entertainment assets with GE, forming NBC Universal. Comcast purchased a controlling interest in the company in 2011, and acquired General Electric's remaining stake in 2013. Following the Comcast merger, Zucker left NBCUniversal and was replaced as CEO by Comcast executive Steve Burke.

NBC has thirteen owned-and-operated stations and nearly 200 affiliates throughout the United States and its territories, some of which are also available in Canada and/or Mexico via pay-television providers or in border areas over-the-air; NBC also maintains brand licensing agreements for international channels in South Korea and Germany.

Nalin Kohli

Nalin Kohli is an Indian politician and an advocate at the Supreme Court of India. He is a member of and one of the official spokespersons for the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). He has also been Convenor of the BJP’s National Media Cell.Kohli is also a former prime-time news anchor on Doordarshan, the national television channel of India.

Nicollette Sheridan

Nicollette Sheridan (born November 21, 1963) is an English-American actress, writer and producer. She began her career as a fashion model, before landing a role in the short-lived ABC prime time soap opera Paper Dolls in 1984. The following year, she starred in the romantic comedy film The Sure Thing.

Sheridan is best known for her roles on television. From 1986 to 1993, she played Paige Matheson on the CBS prime time soap opera Knots Landing, for which she won two Soap Opera Digest Awards. She later had leading roles in numerous made-for-television movies and miniseries, including Lucky Chances (1990), Virus (1995), and The People Next Door (1996). She has also made a number of feature film appearances, including roles in Noises Off (1992), Spy Hard (1996), Beverly Hills Ninja (1997), and Code Name: The Cleaner (2007).

In 2004, Sheridan began starring as Edie Britt in the ABC comedy-drama series Desperate Housewives, a role she played until 2009, for which she received a nomination for a Golden Globe Award. She portrayed Alexis Carrington in The CW prime time soap opera reboot Dynasty from 2018 to 2019.

Prime Time Entertainment Network

The Prime Time Entertainment Network (PTEN) was an American television network that was operated by the Prime Time Consortium, a joint venture between the Warner Bros. Domestic Television subsidiary of Time Warner and Chris-Craft Industries. First launched on January 20, 1993, and operating until 1997, the network mainly aired drama programs aimed at adults between the ages of 18 and 54. At its peak, PTEN's programming was carried on 177 television stations, covering 93% of the country.

Primetime (U.S. TV program)

Primetime is an American news magazine television program that debuted on ABC in 1989 with co-hosts Sam Donaldson and Diane Sawyer and originally had the title Primetime Live. The program's final episode aired May 18, 2012.

Saturday Night Live cast members

As of September 2018, the late-night live variety series Saturday Night Live (SNL) has featured 151 cast members. The ensemble was originally referred to as the "Not Ready For Prime Time Players."

Shannon Bream

Shannon Bream (born Shannon Noelle DePuy, December 23, 1970) is an American journalist for Fox News. In 2017, Bream became the host of the prime time program Fox News @ Night.

The Complete Directory to Prime Time Network and Cable TV Shows 1946–Present

The Complete Directory to Prime Time Network and Cable TV Shows, 1946–Present is a trade paperback reference work by the American television researchers Tim Brooks and Earle Marsh, first published by Ballantine Books in 1979. That first edition won a 1980 U.S. National Book Award in the one-year category General Reference (paperback).

The ninth edition came out in 2007 (ISBN 978-0-345-49773-4). The title of early editions did not include the words "and cable".

In 2007, co-author Tim Brooks stated that the ninth edition may be the last one released of the book.

The Futon Critic

The Futon Critic is a website that provides articles and information regarding prime time programming on broadcast and cable networks in the United States. The site publishes reviews of prime time programming and interviews of people in the television industry, as well as republishing Nielsen ratings data reports and press releases provided by television networks. The Futon Critic was founded by Brian Ford Sullivan in 1997.

WWF Prime Time Wrestling

WWF Prime Time Wrestling is a professional wrestling television program that was produced by the World Wrestling Federation (WWF). It aired on the USA Network from January 1, 1985 to January 4, 1993. A precursor to Monday Night Raw, Prime Time Wrestling was a two-hour long, weekly program that featured stars of the World Wrestling Federation. The program featured wrestling matches (most of which were compiled from WWF "house show" matches from venues such as Madison Square Garden), interviews, promos featuring WWF wrestlers, updates of current feuds and announcements of upcoming local and pay-per-view events. In addition, Prime Time Wrestling would also air wrestling matches and interviews from other WWF programming such as Superstars of Wrestling and Wrestling Challenge. Episodes 61 to 227 of Prime Time Wrestling are available for streaming on the WWE Network.

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