Prime Minister of the Czech Republic

The Chairman of the Government of the Czech Republic (Czech: Předseda vlády České republiky, normally referred to in English as the Prime Minister[note 1]), is the head of the Government of the Czech Republic. The Prime Minister and Cabinet (consisting of all the most senior ministers, who are government ministries heads) are collectively accountable for their policies and actions to the Chamber of Deputies. The current Prime Minister, Andrej Babiš, leader of the ANO 2011, was appointed by the President on 6 December 2017, and serves as 12th person in the office.

The Prime Minister is appointed by the President and their first priority is to create a Government and appoint other Ministers. To the whole government must be given confidence by the Chamber of Deputies and the Prime Minister stays in office only as long as he or she retains the support of a majority of its members.

The Constitution of the Czech Republic states that Prime Minister organizes activities of the Government and chairs their meetings.

Prime Minister of the Czech Republic
Předseda vlády České republiky
Emblem of the Government of the Czech Republic
A Babiš Praha 2015
Incumbent
Andrej Babiš

since 6 December 2017
Government of the Czech Republic
Cabinet of the Czech Republic
StyleMr. Prime Minister
(informal)
His Excellency
(international correspondence)
Member of
Reports toChamber of Deputies
ResidenceKramář's Villa
SeatStraka Academy
AppointerThe President
Term length4 years
Renewable indefinitely as long as the incumbent has majority support in the Chamber of Deputies.
Inaugural holderVáclav Klaus
Formation1 January 1993
Websitehttp://vlada.cz/en/vlada/premier/

Powers and role

Since the Czech Republic is a parliamentary republic, the Prime Minister and their government are accountable to the Chamber of Deputies of the Parliament. The Czech constitution provides that upon the accession to the office each Prime Minister must gain and thereafter maintain the confidence of the Parliament. As soon as the Prime Minister loses the confidence he or she is forced to resign and the President is obliged to choose a new Prime Minister.

The Prime Minister is the most powerful office in state, since they command and preside over the Government. The President appoints the Prime Minister who appoints other Ministers of the Cabinet of the Czech Republic.

Residence

The official residence of the Prime Minister of the Czech Republic is Kramář's Villa (Czech: Kramářova vila). The residence is located at Gogolova 212/1 in the Hradčany district of Prague.

The building was built from 1911 to 1914. It was designed by the Viennese architect Friedrich Ohmann.[1]

Kramarova vila

Kramář's Villa seen from the garden.

Kramarova vila 2

View from the garden.

Kramarova vila pracovna stul

Home office of the Prime Minister

Notes

  1. ^ In Czech language, most common is Premiér (Premier). Less common is term ministerský předseda.

References

  1. ^ "Kramář's Villa". Government of the Czech Republic. 2 October 2006. Retrieved 11 June 2015.
2001 Czech Social Democratic Party leadership election

The Czech Social Democratic Party (ČSSD) leadership election of 2001 was held on 7 April 2001. Prime Minister of the Czech Republic and incumbent leader Miloš Zeman decided to not seek re-election. Vladimír Špidla was elected his successor. Špidla was the only candidate.552 delegates were allowed to vote. 543 of them voted. Špidla received 485 votes.

2017 Czech Social Democratic Party leadership election

The Czech Social Democratic Party (ČSSD) leadership election of 2017 was held on 10 March 2017, prior October 2017 legislative elections. The current leader and Prime Minister of the Czech Republic Bohuslav Sobotka was the only candidate.

Bohuslav Sobotka

Bohuslav Sobotka (Czech pronunciation: [ˈboɦuslaf ˈsobotka]; born 23 October 1971) is a Czech politician who served as the Prime Minister of the Czech Republic from January 2014 to December 2017 and Leader of the Czech Social Democratic Party (ČSSD) from 2010 until his resignation in June 2017. He was Member of the Chamber of Deputies (MP) from 1996 to 2018. Sobotka also served as Finance Minister from 2002 to 2006.

Sobotka was born in Telnice but soon moved with his family to Slavkov u Brna. He studied law at the Masaryk University in Brno and earned magister degree in 1995. After the fall of communism he helped rebuild Czech Social Democratic Party (ČSSD) and became a member. Sobotka also co-founded Young Social Democrats, youth wing of the ČSSD. He was first elected to the Chamber of Deputies in the 1996 legislative election.

After the formation of the Cabinet of Vladimír Špidla in 2002, Sobotka was appointed Finance Minister and then in 2003, he was promoted to the position of the Deputy Prime Minister, reappointed as Finance Minister in both cabinets of social democratic Prime Ministers Stanislav Gross and Jiří Paroubek. In 2005, he was appointed as the First Deputy Prime Minister in Paroubek's government. After the 2006 legislative election, Sobotka became opposition MP and in 2011 he was elected as the Leader of the Social Democrats, and thus stood as the Leader of the Opposition to the Cabinet of Petr Nečas.

Following the 2013 snap election, Sobotka was appointed prime minister on 17 January 2014 by the President and twelve days later formed centre-left Coalition Government consisting ČSSD, ANO 2011 and KDU-ČSL. His government introduced series of measures aimed at tackling tax evasion, such as electronic registration of sales or VAT control system, strengthened relations with China, reformed the police, repealed the civil service act and enforced the smoking ban. He also frequently clashed with President Miloš Zeman regarding the Russian intervention in Ukraine and resulting sanctions, domestic policy and Sobotka's withdrawn resignation in May 2017. Sobotka is the first prime minister in 15 years and the third in the history of the Czech Republic to finish his full term.

On 14 June 2017, Sobotka announced his resignation as Leader of ČSSD due to low opinion polling prior to the 2017 legislative election but opted to stay on as prime minister and he was re-elected MP in his South Moravia and in December 2017 was succeeded by Andrej Babiš. On 31 March 2018, Sobotka resigned from the Chamber of Deputies citing personal reasons.

Government of the Czech Republic

The Government of the Czech Republic (Czech: Vláda České republiky) exercises executive power in the Czech Republic. The members of the government are the Prime Minister of the Czech Republic (Chairman of the Government), the deputy ministers and other ministers. It has its legal basis in the Constitution of the Czech Republic.

Jan Fischer (politician)

Jan Fischer (Czech pronunciation: [ˈjan ˈfɪʃɛr]; born 2 January 1951) is a Czech politician who served as Prime Minister of the Czech Republic from May 2009 to June 2010, heading a caretaker government. Later he was Minister of Finance from July 2013 to January 2014 in another interim government of Jiří Rusnok.A lifelong statistician, he served as president of the Czech Statistical Office beginning in April 2003.In 2012, Fischer announced his candidacy for the 2013 presidential election. In the first round of the election, held in January 2013, he placed third with 16.35% of the vote (841,437 votes). He did not qualify for the second round.

Jiří Paroubek

Jiří Paroubek (Czech pronunciation: [ˈjɪr̝iː ˈparoubɛk] (listen); born 21 August 1952) is a Czech politician, who was the Prime Minister of the Czech Republic from April 2005 to August 2006. He was also the leader of the Czech Social Democratic Party (ČSSD) from 2006 until his resignation following the 2010 legislative election.

Jiří Rusnok

Jiří Rusnok (born 16 October 1960) is a Czech politician and economist who served as Prime Minister of the Czech Republic between July 2013 and January 2014. Since 1 July 2016 Rusnok serves as Governor of the Czech National Bank.

Previously, he served in the government of the Czech Republic as Minister of Finance from 2001 to 2002 and as Minister of Industry and Trade from 2002 to 2003. On 25 June 2013, he was appointed as Prime Minister by President Miloš Zeman. Rusnok replaced Petr Nečas, who resigned over a corruption and spying affair.

On 25 May 2016, President Miloš Zeman appointed Rusnok as 4th Governor of the Czech National Bank, succeeding Miroslav Singer. Rusnok took office on 1 July 2016.

Josef Tošovský

Josef Tošovský (Czech pronunciation: [ˈjozɛf ˈtoʃofskiː]) (born 28 September 1950) is a Czech economist and former governor of Czech National Bank (from 1993 to 2000). From 16 December 1997 to 17 July 1998 he was the Prime Minister of the Czech Republic in a caretaker government.

Kramář's Villa

The Kramář's Villa (Czech: Kramářova vila) is the official residence of the Prime Minister of the Czech Republic. It is located in Prague, known for its panorama of Prague Castle. It was built in 1914 by the First Prime Minister of Czechoslovakia, Karel Kramář. Since 1998, the villa has been the official residence of the Prime Minister of the Czech Republic.

List of Prime Ministers of the Czech Republic

This is list of Prime Ministers of the Czech Republic. For individual information about Prime Minister see, Prime Minister of the Czech Republic.

This is a list of Prime Ministers of the Czech Republic (Czech: Předseda vlády České republiky, literally translated as Chairman of the Government of the Czech Republic), a political office that was created in 1993 following the dissolution of Czechoslovakia.

The Czech Republic is a parliamentary representative democracy, with the Prime Minister acting as head of government and the President acting as head of state.

The first Prime Minister of the Czech Republic was Václav Klaus, who served as the second President from 7 March 2003 until 7 March 2013. The current and 12th Prime Minister is Andrej Babiš, leader of the ANO 2011, who was appointed by the President on 6 December 2017.

Mafra (company)

Mafra is a Czech media group that publishes printed and internet media, headquartered in Prague, Czech Republic. It is a subsidiary of Agrofert holding conglomerate that is owned by trust of Andrej Babiš, the current Prime Minister of the Czech Republic. Mafra owns some of the most popular media in the Czech Republic, including MF DNES and Lidové noviny newspapers, and the most visited Czech news server iDnes.

Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Czech Republic)

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Czech Republic (MFACR; Czech: Ministerstvo zahraničních věcí České republiky; MZVČR) is a Czech government ministry responsible for international relations of the Czech Republic.

The Ministry is headquartered in Černín Palace, Loretánské náměstí 5, 118, Prague 1, (Hradčany). The Ministry operates the diplomatic missions of the Czech Republic abroad and is responsible for implementing the foreign policy of the Czech Republic and Czech diplomacy efforts.

The Ministry is led by the Minister of Foreign Affairs, who is nominated by the Prime Minister of the Czech Republic. The current Minister of Foreign Affairs is Tomáš Petříček, in office since 16 October 2018.

Petr Nečas

Petr Nečas (born 19 November 1964; Czech pronunciation: [ˈpɛtr̩ ˈnɛtʃas]) is a Czech former politician who served as 9th Prime Minister of the Czech Republic and Leader of the Civic Democratic Party from 2010 to 2013, and as Member of the Chamber of Deputies (MP) from 1993 to 2013.

Born in Uherské Hradiště, Nečas earned a doctor of natural sciences degree in physics at Masaryk University in Brno. In 1991, he was one of the co-founders of the Civic Democratic Party (ODS). Becoming an MP in 1993, he served as a member of the Foreign Committee of the Chamber of Deputies and three years later he became Chairman of the Committee on Security. In 2006 Nečas was appointed as Minister of Labour and Social Affairs under the leadership of Prime Minister Mirek Topolánek. In the Chamber of Deputies, he was given the nickname Fidel by the communist MPs due to his long filibustering speeches. The 2010 legislative election led to Nečas becoming Prime Minister as the head of a coalition government with TOP 09 and Public Affairs (VV) (later replaced by Liberal Democrats). His premiership was marked by the ongoing effects of the late-2000s financial crisis; these involved a large deficit in government finances that his government sought to reduce through austerity measures. The cabinet led by Nečas pushed through laws on the restitution of the properties of the Christian churches, pensionary reform and reform of the colleges; all of these were deeply unpopular and were much criticized.

Nečas resigned on 17 June 2013, in the aftermath of a police investigation in which his chief of staff Jana Nagyová (now Jana Nečasová), who was also his mistress, was arrested. His resignation opened the way to the 2013 snap election, where his party ODS was marginalized to only 16 seats, the lowest in its history, and sent into opposition.

He has been praised for the savings made to rein in the Czech Republic's national debt. His critics often accuse him of corruption and criticise his inability to solve healthcare issues.

President of the Czech Republic

The President of the Czech Republic is the elected formal head of state of the Czech Republic and the commander-in-chief of the Military of the Czech Republic. Unlike counterparts in other Central European countries such as Austria and Hungary, who are generally considered figureheads, the Czech president has a considerable role in political affairs. Because many powers can only be exercised with the signatures of both the President and the Prime Minister of the Czech Republic, responsibility over some political issues is effectively shared between the two offices.

President of the government

President of the government, chairman of the government, or head of the government is a term used in official statements to describe several Prime Ministers.

Croatia, Prime Minister of Croatia

Greece, Prime Minister of Greece, Πρόεδρος της Κυβέρνησης

Lebanon, Prime Minister of Lebanon

Morocco, President of the Government of Morocco

Philippines, Prime Minister of the Philippines (defunct)

Serbia, Prime Minister of Serbia

Slovenia, Prime Minister of Slovenia

Spain, Prime Minister of Spain, Presidente del Gobierno de España

Vatican City, President of the Pontifical Commission for Vatican City StateChairman of the Government can refer to:

Russia, Prime Minister of Russia

Adjara, Chairman of the Government of Adjara

Slovakia, Prime Minister of Slovakia

Czech Republic, Prime Minister of the Czech RepublicHead of the Government can refer to:

Algeria, Prime Minister of Algeria

Tunisia, Head of Government of Tunisia

Israel, Prime Minister of Israel

Syria, Prime Minister of Syria

State decorations of the Czech Republic

State decorations of the Czech Republic recognize outstanding acts of service to the Czech Republic. They are awarded by the President of the Czech Republic, usually, but not necessarily, on the recommendation of the Chamber of Deputies, the Senate or the Prime Minister of the Czech Republic. They may also be promulgated solely on the president's authority. They come in two varieties: orders being the higher honor and medals the lower.

University of Economics, Prague

The University of Economics, Prague (Czech: Vysoká škola ekonomická v Praze, VŠE, also called Prague School of Economics) is an economics and business-oriented public university located in Prague, Czech Republic. It is the largest university in the field of economics, business and information technology in the Czech Republic, with almost 20,000 students across its bachelor, masters and doctoral programmes.

Vladimír Špidla

Vladimír Špidla (Czech pronunciation: [ˈvlaɟɪmiːr ˈʃpɪdla]) (born 22 April 1951) is a Czech politician who served as Prime Minister of the Czech Republic from July 2002 to June 2004 and as European Commissioner for Employment, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities from November 2004 to February 2010. He also served as chief adviser to Prime Minister Bohuslav Sobotka from 2014 to 2017.

Šárka Grossová

Šárka Grossová (born Bobysudová on 6 November 1969) is a Czech entrepreneur, whose husband Stanislav Gross was Prime Minister of the Czech Republic from August 2004 to April 2005. Her opaque business activities contributed to the resignation of her husband Stanislav Gross from the post in April 2005.Šárka met Stanislav in the Chamber of Deputies, where she worked in the cafeteria and he was a freshman member of parliament. Her business career became successful just as her husband was becoming an influential MP and subsequently the prime minister of the Czech Republic, however, her rise in the business world became the subject of controversy.In January 2004 Šárka set up a charitable foundation, Nadační fond Diamant dětem. However, by the end of year 2005, after Gross had resigned as Prime Minister, the foundation did not register any philanthropic activity, and Grossová was accused of attempting to use the foundation for public relations purposes. Musician Michal David was appointed as one of the three board members. David was the co-owner of the company Cleopatra Musical, which had been among the contributors of the company in 2004. The largest donor sent the foundation 500,000 CZK and asked the foundation to remain anonymous.Grossová owns a $735,000 Hidden Bay condo in Miami, Florida.

Current members of the Czech Cabinet
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