Prime Minister of Yugoslavia

The Prime Minister of Yugoslavia was the head of government of the Yugoslav state, from the creation of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes in 1918 until the breakup of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in 1992.

Prime Minister of Yugoslavia
PrecursorKingdom of Serbia Nikola Pašić
State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs Anton Korošec
Formation1 December 1918
First holderNikola Pašić
Final holderAnte Marković
Abolished14 July 1992
SuccessionCroatia Stjepan Mesić
Serbia Milan Panić
Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina Jure Pelivan
Republic of Macedonia Nikola Kljusev
Slovenia Lojze Peterle

History

Kingdom of Yugoslavia

The Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes was created by the unification of the Kingdom of Serbia (the Kingdom of Montenegro had united with Serbia five days previously, while the regions of Kosovo, Vojvodina and Vardar Macedonia were parts of Serbia prior to the unification) and the provisional State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs (itself formed from territories of the former Austro-Hungarian Empire) on 1 December 1918.

Until 6 January 1929, the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes was a parliamentary monarchy. On that day, King Alexander I abolished the Vidovdan Constitution (adopted in 1921), prorogued the National Assembly and introduced a personal dictatorship (so-called 6 January Dictatorship). He renamed the country Kingdom of Yugoslavia on 3 October 1929, and although introduced the 1931 Constitution, he continued to rule as a de facto absolute monarch until his assassination on 9 October 1934, during a state visit to France. After his assassination, parliamentary monarchy was put back in place.

The Kingdom of Yugoslavia was defeated and occupied after the German invasion on 17 April 1941. The monarchy was formally abolished on 29 November 1945.

In 1945 there were ten living former prime ministers. Out of these, Nikola Uzunović, Dušan Simović, Miloš Trifunović and Ivan Šubašić lived in the Democratic Federal Republic of Yugoslavia while Petar Živković, Bogoljub Jevtić, Milan Stojadinović, Dragiša Cvetković, Slobodan Jovanović and Božidar Purić remained in exile.

SFR Yugoslavia

After the German invasion and fragmentation of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, the Partisan resistance in occupied Yugoslavia formed a deliberative council, the Anti-Fascist Council of National Liberation of Yugoslavia (AVNOJ) in 1942. On 29 November 1943 the AVNOJ proclaimed the Democratic Federal Yugoslavia, and appointed the National Committee for the Liberation of Yugoslavia (NKOJ), led by Prime Minister Josip Broz Tito, as its government. Josip Broz Tito was quickly recognized by the Allies at the Tehran Conference, and the royalist government-in-exile in London was pressured into agreeing on a merge with the NKOJ. In order to facilitate this, Ivan Šubašić was appointed by the King to head the London government.

For a period, Yugoslavia had two recognized prime ministers and governments (which both agreed to formally merge as soon as possible): Josip Broz Tito leading the NKOJ in occupied Yugoslavia, and Ivan Šubašić leading the King's government-in-exile in London. With the Tito-Šubašić Agreement in 1944, the two prime ministers agreed that the new joint government would be led by Tito. After the liberation of Yugoslavia's capital Belgrade in October 1944, the joint government was officially formed on 2 November 1944, with Josip Broz Tito as the Prime Minister.

After the war, elections were held ending in an overwhelming victory for Tito's People's Front. The new parliament deposed King Peter II on 29 November 1945, and declared a Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia (in 1963, the state was renamed Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia). The government was first headed by a Prime Minister up to 14 January 1953, when major decentralization reforms reorganized the government into the Federal Executive Council chaired by a President. Josip Broz Tito held the post from 1944 to 1963.

Five out of nine heads of government of Yugoslavia in this period were of Croatian ethnicity. Three were from Croatia itself (Josip Broz Tito, Mika Špiljak, and Milka Planinc), while two were Bosnian Croats (Branko Mikulić and Ante Marković). Ante Marković however, though a Croat from Bosnia and Herzegovina by birth, was a politician of Croatia like Špiljak and Planinc, serving (at different times) as both prime minister and president of the presidency of that federal unit.

List

  Yugoslav National Party   People's Radical Party   Yugoslav Radical Union   Croatian Peasant Party   Democratic Party   Slovene People's Party   League of Communists of Yugoslavia   Socialist Party of Serbia   Union of Reform Forces of Yugoslavia   Independent

No. Head of Government Lifespan Ethnicity Term of office Party Note
In the Kingdom of Yugoslavia
N/A Nikola Pašić Nikola Pašić
(acting)
1845–1926 Serb 1 December
1918
22 December
1918
People's Radical Party Acting prime minister, as the last prime minister of Serbia.
1 Stojan Protić Stojan Protić 1857–1923 Serb 22 December
1918
16 August
1919
People's Radical Party First Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (that will be renamed "Kingdom of Yugoslavia").
2 Ljubomir Davidović Ljubomir Davidović 1863–1940 Serb 16 August
1919
19 February
1920
Democratic Party
(1) Stojan Protić Stojan Protić 1857–1923 Serb 19 February
1920
16 May
1920
People's Radical Party
3 Milenko Radomar Vesnić Milenko Vesnić 1863–1921 Serb 16 May
1920
1 January
1921
People's Radical Party
4 Nikola Pašić Nikola Pašić 1845–1926 Serb 1 January
1921
28 July
1924
People's Radical Party Second term.
Vidovdan Constitution adopted on June 28, 1921.
(2) Ljubomir Davidović Ljubomir Davidović 1863–1940 Serb 28 July
1924
6 November
1924
Democratic Party Second term
(4) Nikola Pašić Nikola Pašić 1845–1926 Serb 6 November
1924
8 April
1926
People's Radical Party Third term
5 Nikola Uzunović Nikola Uzunović 1873–1954 Serb 8 April
1926
17 April
1927
People's Radical Party
6 Velimir Vukićević Velimir Vukićević 1871–1930 Serb 17 April
1927
28 July
1928
People's Radical Party Resigned after the assassination attempt on opposition leader Stjepan Radić in the National Assembly.
7 Anton Korošec Anton Korošec 1872–1940 Slovene 28 July
1928
7 January
1929
Slovene People's Party Appointed after the assassination attempt on Stjepan Radić, until the 6 January Dictatorship.
8 Petar Živković Petar Živković 1879–1947 Serb 7 January
1929
4 April
1932
Yugoslav Radical Peasants' Democracy Prime Minister of the first authoritarian government appointed by King Alexander I during the 6 January Dictatorship.
Sentenced to death in absentia in 1946.
9 Vojislav Marinković Vojislav Marinković 1876–1935 Serb 4 April
1932
3 July
1932
Yugoslav Radical Peasants' Democracy Previously a (founding) member of the Democratic Party.
10 Milan Srškić Milan Srškić 1880–1937 Serb 3 July
1932
27 January
1934
Yugoslav Radical Peasants' Democracy
(5) Nikola Uzunović Nikola Uzunović 1873–1954 Serb 27 January
1934
22 December
1934

Yugoslav Radical Peasants' Democracy
(renamed)
The Yugoslav Radical Peasants' Democracy party was renamed into the Yugoslav National Party.
Yugoslav National Party
(renamed)

11
Bogoljub Jevtić Bogoljub Jevtić 1886–1960 Serb 22 December
1934
24 June
1935

Yugoslav National Party
(until 1935)
Yugoslav Radical Union
(from 1935)
12 Milan Stojadinović Milan Stojadinović 1888–1961 Serb 24 June
1935
5 February
1939
Yugoslav Radical Union
13 Dragiša Cvetković Dragiša Cvetković 1893–1969 Serb 5 February
1939
27 March
1941
Yugoslav Radical Union Sentenced in absentia in 1945.[1]
In the Yugoslav government-in-exile
14 Dušan Simović Dušan Simović 1882–1962 Serb 27 March
1941
12 June
1942
Independent Chief of the General Staff of the Royal Yugoslav Army. Took power by military coup d'état. Following the German invasion, he led the government into exile in London.
15 Slobodan Jovanović Slobodan Jovanović 1869–1958 Serb 12 June
1942
26 June
1943
Independent Headed government-in-exile.
Found guilty of treason in absentia in 1946.
16 Miloš Trifunović Miloš Trifunović 1871–1957 Serb 26 June
1943
10 August
1943
People's Radical Party Headed government-in-exile.
17 Božidar Purić Božidar Purić 1891–1977 Serb 10 August
1943
8 July
1944
Independent Headed government-in-exile.
Held post simultaneously with Josip Broz Tito. Alternate recognized government (the NKOJ) in existence in occupied Yugoslavia after November 29, 1943.
Sentenced in absentia in 1946
18 Ivan Šubašić Ivan Šubašić 1892–1955 Croat 8 July
1944
2 November
1944
Croatian Peasant Party Headed government-in-exile.
Held post simultaneously with Josip Broz Tito. Merged into coalition government on November 2, 1944, Josip Broz Tito presiding.
[2][3]
In the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
19
(1)
Josip Broz Tito Josip Broz Tito 1892–1980 Croat 2 November
1944
29 June
1963

Communist Party of Yugoslavia
(renamed in 1952)
Held post simultaneously (as head of the NKOJ) first with Božidar Purić, then Ivan Šubašić. Headed joint coalition government.
League of Communists of Yugoslavia
(renamed in 1952)
20
(2)
Petar Stambolić Petar Stambolić 1912–2007 Serb 29 June
1963
16 May
1967
League of Communists of Yugoslavia
21
(3)
Mika Špiljak Mika Špiljak 1916–2007 Croat 16 May
1967
18 May
1969
League of Communists of Yugoslavia
22
(4)
Mitja Ribičič Mitja Ribičič 1919–2013 Slovene 18 May
1969
30 July
1971
League of Communists of Yugoslavia
23
(5)
Džemal Bijedić Džemal Bijedić 1917–1977 Bosniak 30 July
1971
18 January
1977
League of Communists of Yugoslavia Died in office.
24
(6)
Veselin Đuranović Veselin Đuranović 1925–1997 Montenegrin 18 January
1977
16 May
1982
League of Communists of Yugoslavia
25
(7)
No image Milka Planinc 1924–2010 Croat 16 May
1982
15 May
1986
League of Communists of Yugoslavia
26
(8)
Branko Mikulić Branko Mikulić 1928–1995 Croat 15 May
1986
16 March
1989
League of Communists of Yugoslavia Resigned on 30 December 1988, amid widespread protests.

27
(9)
No image Ante Marković 1924–2011 Croat 16 March
1989
20 December
1991

League of Communists of Yugoslavia
(until January 1990)
Last prime minister of Yugoslavia.
The pan-Yugoslav League of Communists of Yugoslavia was dissolved in January 1990, Marković formed his own party, the Union of Reform Forces.
Union of Reform Forces of Yugoslavia
(from January 1990)
N/A No image Aleksandar Mitrović
(acting)
1933–2012 Serb 20 December
1991
14 July
1992
Socialist Party of Serbia Acting prime minister, installed by Serbia and Montenegro.

See also

References

  1. ^ Rehabilitovan Dragiša Cvetković
  2. ^ Lampe, John R.; Yugoslavia as history: twice there was a country; Cambridge University Press, 2000 ISBN 0-521-77401-2
  3. ^ Ramet, Sabrina P.; The three Yugoslavias: state-building and legitimation, 1918-2005; Indiana University Press, 2006 ISBN 0-253-34656-8
Aleksandar Mitrović (politician)

Aleksandar Mitrović (Serbian Cyrillic: Александар Митровић; 4 August 1933 – 19 September 2012) was a Serbian politician who was Deputy Prime Minister and then Acting Prime Minister of Yugoslavia.

Ante Marković

Ante Marković (pronounced [ǎːnte mǎːrkoʋit͡ɕ]; 25 November 1924 – 28 November 2011) was the last Prime Minister of Yugoslavia.

Bogoljub Jevtić

Bogoljub Jevtić (Serbian Cyrillic: Богољуб Јевтић; 24 December 1886 – 7 June 1960) was a Serbian diplomat and politician in the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.

He was plenipotentiary minister of Yugoslavia in Albania, Austria and Hungary. After the assassination of King Alexander I of Yugoslavia, on 22 December 1934 he was appointed prime minister of Yugoslavia, holding this position till 24 June 1935.

Bombing of Banski dvori

The bombing of Banski dvori (Croatian: bombardiranje Banskih dvora) was a Yugoslav Air Force strike on the Banski dvori in Zagreb—the official residence of the President of Croatia at the time of the Croatian War of Independence. The airstrike occurred on 7 October 1991, as a part of a Yugoslav Air Force attack on a number of targets in the Croatian capital city. One civilian was reported killed by strafing of the Tuškanac city district and four were injured.

At the time of the attack, Croatian President Franjo Tuđman was in the building, meeting Stjepan Mesić, then President of the Presidency of Yugoslavia, and Ante Marković, then Prime Minister of Yugoslavia, but none of them were injured in the attack. In immediate aftermath, Tuđman remarked that the attack was apparently meant to destroy the Banski dvori as the seat of the statehood of Croatia. Marković blamed Yugoslav Defence Secretary General Veljko Kadijević, who denied the accusation and suggested the event was staged by Croatia. The attack prompted international condemnation and consideration of economic sanctions against Yugoslavia. The presidential residence was immediately moved to the Presidential palace, which was formerly known as Villa Zagorje. The Banski dvori sustained significant damage, but repairs started only in 1995. The building later became the seat of the Croatian Government.

Božidar Purić

Božidar Purić (Serbian Cyrillic: Божидар Пурић; 19 February 1891 – 28 October 1977) was a Serbian and Yugoslav politician and diplomat. Between 1928 and 1934 he was a chargé d'affaires in the Embassy of Kingdom of Yugoslavia in the United States. and its ambassador in France since 1935. During the World War II, Purić was the prime minister of the Yugoslav government-in-exile between 10 August 1943 and 8 July 1944.

Deputy Prime Minister of Yugoslavia

The Deputy Prime Minister of Yugoslavia was the official Deputy of the Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, SFR Yugoslavia and later Prime Minister of FR Yugoslavia, from 1939 until 2003.

Dušan Simović

Dušan Simović (Serbian: Душан Симовић; 28 October 1882 – 26 August 1962) was a Serbian general who served as Chief of the General Staff of the Royal Yugoslav Army and as the Prime Minister of Yugoslavia.

Džemal Bijedić

Džemal Bijedić (Bosnian pronunciation: [bijěːdit͡ɕ]; 12 April 1917 – 18 January 1977) was a Yugoslav Communist politician from Bosnia and Herzegovina. He served as the Prime Minister of Yugoslavia from 1971 until his death in a plane crash.

Maja Gojković

Maja Gojković (Serbian Cyrillic: Маја Гојковић; born 22 May 1963 in Novi Sad) is a Serbian politician and current President of the National Assembly of Serbia. She served as minister without portfolio and Deputy Prime Minister of Yugoslavia under the Slobodan Milošević regime.

She previously served as Mayor of the city of Novi Sad, capital of the autonomous province of Vojvodina, in Serbia and a councillor in the Parliament of Novi Sad as a representative of the People's Party, previously also known as the "Grupa građana - Maja Gojković". She was one of the leaders of the United Regions of Serbia.

For having supporting a coalition with Boris Tadić and his Democratic Party independently of the People's Party, she and other such members were expelled from the URS.

The party is now defunct and she is a member of the ruling Serbian Progressive Party.

Milan Panić

Milan Panić (Serbian Cyrillic: Милан Панић, Serbian pronunciation: [mǐlan pǎːnit͡ɕ]); born 20 December 1929) is a Serbian American former Prime Minister of Yugoslavia, humanitarian, and multimillionaire businessman based in Newport Beach and Pasadena, California. He served as Prime Minister of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia from 1992 to 1993. During and after his time as Prime Minister, he campaigned for peace and democracy in the Balkan region. He ran for President of Serbia in 1992, ultimately coming in second to Slobodan Milošević in an election marked by allegations of media and vote tampering by the ruling party. Panić became Prime Minister of Yugoslavia while an American citizen. The legality of retaining US citizenship while accepting this office has been questioned based on a Constitutional prohibition of a US citizen accepting office on behalf of a foreign nation. Panić is the first US citizen to occupy a high-level political position in a foreign country since Golda Meir.Outside of his political and humanitarian activities, Panić built a lengthy career in the pharmaceutical and medical industries. He grew ICN Pharmaceuticals from a small operation in his garage into a global pharmaceutical corporation listed on the New York Stock Exchange, with over $672 million in annual sales across 90 countries at its peak. After retiring from ICN, he spun off an ICN subsidiary and renamed it MP Biomedicals. The company is a global producer of life science and diagnostic products, with operations in North America, Asia, Australia, and Europe. In October 2015, Panić announced the pending sale of MP Biomedicals to a Chinese chemical company, Valiant Fine Chemicals Co., Ltd.Panić pursues philanthropy personally and through his Milan Panić Jr. Foundation, as well as MP Global Enterprises & Associates, LLC. As part of his philanthropic efforts, he has sponsored scholarships at the MIT-Harvard Medical School Program and lectured on peacebuilding at George Washington University and University of Southern California. He is also a member of the President's cabinet at Chapman University, Vice Chairman and sponsor of the Los Angeles Opera, and frequent sponsor of California cultural institutions and charities.

Mitrović

Mitrović (Serbian Cyrillic: Митровић, pronounced [mǐtroʋitɕ]) is a Serbian surname, derived from the male given name Mitar (a version of the Slavic name Dimitar or Dimitrije). It may refer to:

Aleksandar Mitrović (basketball) (born 1990), Serbian professional basketball player

Aleksandar Mitrović (footballer) (born 1994), Serbian professional footballer

Aleksandar Mitrović (politician), former Deputy Prime Minister of Yugoslavia

Branislav Mitrović (born 1985), Serbian water polo player

Dalibor Mitrović (born 1977), Serbian football striker

Dejan Mitrović (born 1973), retired Serbian football player

Draženko Mitrović (born 1979), Paralympian athlete from Serbia

Janko Mitrović (died 1659), Serbian military commander in Venetian service

Lazar Mitrović (footballer, born 1993) (born 1993), footballer

Lazar Mitrović (footballer, born 1998) (born 1998), footballer

Luka Mitrović (born 1993), Serbian basketball player

Marija Mitrović (born 1983), Serbian popular singer of pop and rock music, a member of Creative Band

Marko Mitrović (born 1978), Serbian football player

Marko Mitrović (footballer born 1992), Swedish football player

Matej Mitrović (born 1993), Croatian football player

Milan Mitrović (born 1988), Serbian football player

Milorad Mitrović (footballer born 1908) (1908–1993), Serbian football defender

Milorad Mitrović (footballer born 1949) (born 1949), Serbian professional football coach and player

Nenad Mitrović (footballer, born 1980), Serbian footballer

Nenad Mitrović (footballer, born 1998), Serbian football goalkeeper

Nikola Mitrović (born 1987), Serbian football player

Radovan Mitrović (born 1992), footballer

Romeo Mitrović (born 1979), Bosnian Croat football player

Slaviša Mitrović (born 1977), Bosnian Serb football player

Srećko Mitrović (born 1984), Australian football player of Serbian descent

Stefan Mitrović (born 1988), Serbian water polo player

Žika Mitrović (1921–2005), Serbian and Yugoslav film director and screenwriter

Wratislaw of Mitrovic family, Bohemian noble house

Momir Bulatović

Momir Bulatović (Cyrillic: Момир Булатовић; born 21 September 1956, Belgrade, FPR Yugoslavia) is a retired Montenegrin politician. He was the leader of the Montenegro's Democratic Party of Socialists from 1989 to 1997, when he split from DPS after a conflict with Milo Đukanović. Bulatović was President of Yugoslavia's Republic of Montenegro from 1990 to 1998, after which he became Prime Minister of the Yugoslavia. He resigned as Prime Minister after the overthrow of Slobodan Milošević.

During his mandate as President of Montenegro within Yugoslavia, he oversaw the engagement of Montenegrin reservists in the Yugoslav People's Army in the Siege of Dubrovnik as well as in the Bosnian War. According to Florence Hartmann, Bulatović was subject to an investigation by the ICTY for war crimes in Bosnia and Herzegovina, but was not charged. He was a defense witness in the trials of Slobodan Milošević, Radovan Karadžić, and Nikola Šainović at the ICTY.

Nikola Pašić Square

Nikola Pašić Square (Serbian: Трг Николе Пашића, Trg Nikole Pašića) is one of the central town squares and an urban neighborhoods of Belgrade, the capital of Serbia. The square is named after Nikola Pašić who served as mayor of Belgrade, prime minister of Serbia and prime minister of Yugoslavia. Until 1992 the square was named the Square of Marx and Engels (Serbian: Трг Маркса и Енгелса, Trg Marksa i Engelsa)

Nikola Uzunović

Nikola Uzunović (Serbian Cyrillic: Никола Узуновић; 3 May 1873 – 19 July 1954) was a Serbian and Yugoslav politician who served as Prime Minister of Yugoslavia on two occasions.

Petar Stambolić

Petar Stambolić (Serbian pronunciation: [pětar stambǒliːt͡ɕ]; 12 July 1912 – 21 September 2007) was a Yugoslav communist politician who served as the President of the Federal Executive Council (prime minister) of Yugoslavia from 1963 to 1967 and President of the Presidency of Yugoslavia from 1982 until 1983.

Stambolić was born in Brezova, Ivanjica, Kingdom of Serbia and died in Belgrade, Serbia. He graduated from the University of Belgrade Faculty of Agriculture. He had a long career in the Serbian and Yugoslav communist parties. During the Second World War he was member of communist Partisan forces. His notable military engagements include the Partisan attack on Sjenica. Stambolić served as president of the Central Committee of the Serbian Communist Party from 1948 to 1957. During that time he was prime minister of Serbia from 1948 to 1953 and then served as president of the National Assembly of Serbia until 1957 and President of the Federal Assembly of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia from March 26, 1957 until June 29, 1963. He also served as the president of the federal executive council of Yugoslavia from 1963 to 1967.

His nephew was Serbian president Ivan Stambolić.

Radoje Kontić

Radoje Kontić (Радоје Контић) (born May 31, 1937 in Nikšić, Zeta Banovina, Kingdom of Yugoslavia) is a retired Montenegrin politician and technologist. He was the last Chairman of the Socialist Republic of Montenegro's Executive Council from 1989 to 1991 - a post which he obtained by riding the wave of the anti-bureaucratic putsch in Montenegro during January 1989. He also served as the Prime Minister of Yugoslavia from February 9, 1993 until May 19, 1998 when he lost a no-confidence vote. He was a member of the League of Communists of Montenegro and later a member of the Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro.

Like many others in the technocratically inclined second generation of Yugoslav communists, Kontić entered politics through directorial stints in state-owned companies. In Kontić's particular case, he worked his way up the corporate/political ladder in the Nikšić steelmill throughout the late 1960s and 1970s. Finally in 1978 he became a member of SR Montenegro's Executive Council, thus entering politics full-time.

Simović

Simović (Serbian: Симовић, Ukrainian: Сімович) is a Serbo-Croatian and Ukrainian surname, a patronymic derived from given name Simo. It is historically anglicized into Simovich. It may refer to:

Aleksandar Simović, co-conspirator in the assassination of Zoran Đinđić

Aleksandar Simović (born 1992), Serbian footballer

Dušan Simović (1882–1962), Serbian military leader, Prime Minister of Yugoslavia

Edgardo Simovic (born 1975), Uruguayan soccer player

Ljubomir Simović (born 1935), poet

Marko Simović (born 1987), handball player

Miodrag Simović (born 1952), current Judge of the Constitutional Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Slobodan Simović (born 1989), football player

Tomislav (Tomica) Simović (1931-2014), Croatian composer, Oscar co-winner

Zoran Simović (born 1954), retired Montenegrin footballer

Velimir Vukićević

Velimir Vukićević (11 July 1871 – 27 November 1930) was a Serbian Yugoslav politician. He served as Prime Minister of Yugoslavia from 17 April 1927 until 28 July 1928. After the parliamentary election on 11 September 1927 he was re-elected.

Velimir Vukićević was a middle school teacher by profession. Elected to Serbian National Assembly. He was a minister in several of the governments of Nikola Pašić but as one of the chief "Palace Radicals" his role was help Alexander, the king, to clip Pašić's wings.His term was marked by an exceptional lack of ethnic tension in Croatia but as the cause was the political alliance of the leading Croat politician Stjepan Radić and the leading Croatian Serb politician Svetozar Pribićević in a united opposition to the government, this was a very unwelcome development for the government. Vukićević put pressure on papers dependent on government subsidy to launch a violent campaign against the opposition. Vukicevic resigned shortly after violence among members of Parliament in which three Croatian members of Parliament were killed.

Veselin Đuranović

Veselin Đuranović (Serbian Cyrillic: Веселин Ђурановић; 17 May 1925 – 30 August 1997) was a communist politician from Montenegro.

Đuranović was born near Danilovgrad, in what was then the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes. He served as the chairman of the executive council of Montenegro from 1963-66. He then served as chairman of the Central Committee of the League of Communists of Montenegro from 1968-77. In 1977 he moved into Yugoslav national politics, serving as chairman of the executive council (prime minister) of Yugoslavia from 1977-82.

Đuranović made a state visit to the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic in October 1977, where he met with Prime Minister Lubomír Štrougal.He then served as chairman of the Presidency of Montenegro from 1982 to 1983. He became the member for Montenegro of the collective presidency of Yugoslavia, and served as chairman of the Presidency of Yugoslavia from 1984-85. In 1989, Montenegro's entire government and Communist Party Central Committee resigned, including Đuranović. After the collapse of the communist regime he retired to his home village of Martinići, where he died, aged 72.

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