Prime Minister of Slovenia

There have been eight Prime Ministers of Slovenia, officially President of the Government of the Republic of Slovenia (Slovene: Predsednik Vlade Republike Slovenije), since the country gained parliamentary democracy in 1989 and independence in 1991.

The Prime Minister is nominated by the President after consultation with the parties represented in the National Assembly. He is then formally elected by a simple majority of the National Assembly. If no candidate receives a majority, a new vote must be held within 14 days. If no candidate receives a majority after this round, the President must dissolve the legislature and call new parliamentary elections unless the National Assembly agrees to hold a third round. If no candidate is elected after a third round, then the legislature is automatically dissolved pending new elections.

In practice, since the Prime Minister must command a majority of the National Assembly in order to govern, he or she is usually the leader of the majority party in the National Assembly or the leader of the senior partner in the governing coalition. The National Assembly can only withdraw its support from a Prime Minister by way of a constructive vote of no confidence–that is, a motion of no confidence is of no effect unless a prospective successor has the support of a majority. The Prime Minister is also President of the National Security Council.

President of the Government of the Republic of Slovenia
Predsednik Vlade Republike Slovenije
Flag of the Prime Minister of Slovenia
Marjan Šarec-za splet
Marjan Šarec

since September 13, 2018
Government of Slovenia
Office of the Prime Minister
StyleMr. Prime Minister
Slovenian: Gospod predsednik vlade (formal)

Mr. President
Slovenian: Gospod predsednik (informal)

His Excellency
Slovenian: Njegova ekscelenca (in international correspondence)
StatusHead of Government
Member ofGovernment of Slovenia
European Council
National Security Council
Reports toNational Assembly of the Republic of Slovenia
SeatGregorčičeva 25, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
also: Predsedniška palača
NominatorPresident of the Republic
or MPs (second and third round of election only)
AppointerNational Assembly
Term lengthNo term limit
Constituting instrumentConstitution of Slovenia
Inaugural holderLojze Peterle
FormationMay 16, 1990
DeputyDeputy Prime Minister (held by one or more ministers)
Salary 5.419,54 monthly (basic salary)

List of Prime Ministers of Slovenia

Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes



No. Portrait Name
Term of office Political party King of Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes
Took office Left office Days
1 Josip pogacnik Jožef Pogačnik (Knight)
31 October 1918 20 January 1919 81 Slovene People's Party (SLS)
Peter I
Peter I Karadjordjevic of Serbia

(1 December 1918–16 August 1921)

Socialist Republic of Slovenia

No. Name
Portrait Term of office Political party
Prime Ministers
1 Boris Kidrič
Boris Kidrič (1) 5 May 1945 June 1946 Communist Party of Slovenia
2 Miha Marinko
Miha Marinko (2) June 1946 1953 Communist Party of Slovenia
renamed in 1952 to
League of Communists of Slovenia
Presidents of the Executive Council
Miha Marinko
Miha Marinko (2) 1953 15 December 1953 League of Communists of Slovenia
3 Boris Kraigher
Boris Kraigher 1958 (2) 15 December 1953 25 June 1962 League of Communists of Slovenia
4 Viktor Avbelj
Viktor Avbelj 1961 25 June 1962 1965 League of Communists of Slovenia
5 Janko Smole
Janko Smole 1965 Crop 1965 1967 League of Communists of Slovenia
6 Stane Kavčič
Stane Kavčič 1968 1967 27 November 1972 League of Communists of Slovenia
7 Andrej Marinc
(born 1930)
Andrej Marinc 27 November 1972 April 1978 League of Communists of Slovenia
8 Anton Vratuša
Anton Vratuša April 1978 July 1980 League of Communists of Slovenia
9 Janez Zemljarič
(born 1928)
Janez Zemljarič (1) July 1980 23 May 1984 League of Communists of Slovenia
10 Dušan Šinigoj
(born 1933)
No image 23 May 1984 16 May 1990 League of Communists of Slovenia
(10) Party of Democratic Renewal

Republic of Slovenia


Christian democrats:



Social democrats:

No. Portrait Name
Term of office Political party Coalition National Assembly President of the
Republic of Slovenia

(term of office)
Took office Left office Days
1 Lojze Peterle 2006-12-14 Lojze Peterle
(born 1948)
16 May 1990 14 May 1992 729 DEMOS
SKDSDZSSDZSLSZS (1990) Milan Kučan
Milan Kucan

(8 October 1991 – 22 December 2002)
2 Janez Drnovsek Janez Drnovšek
14 May 1992 25 January 1993 2,946 Liberal Democracy of Slovenia
25 January 1993 27 February 1997 II LDSSKDSDS (1993–1994)–ZLSD (1993–1996) 1 ( ···· )
27 February 1997 7 June 2000 III LDSSLSDeSUS 2 (1996)
3 Andrej Bajuk Andrej Bajuk
7 June 2000 4 August 2000 176 Slovenian People's Party (SLS+SKD) SLSSKDSDS 2 ( ···· )
(3) 4 August 2000 30 November 2000 New Slovenia (NSi) 2 ( ···· )
(2) Janez Drnovsek Janez Drnovšek
30 November 2000 19 December 2002 749 Liberal Democracy of Slovenia (LDS) IV LDSSLSDeSUSZLSD 3 (2000)
4 Anton Rop Anton Rop
(born 1960)
19 December 2002 3 December 2004 715 Liberal Democracy of Slovenia (LDS) LDSSLSDeSUSZLSD 3 ( ···· ) Janez Drnovšek
Janez Drnovsek

(22 December 2002 – 23 December 2007)
5 Janez Janša 2017 Janez Janša
(born 1958)
3 December 2004 21 November 2008 1,449 Slovenian Democratic Party (SDS) I SDSNSiSLSDeSUS 4 (2004)
6 Borut Pahor 2010 Borut Pahor
(born 1963)
21 November 2008 10 February 2012 1,176 Social Democrats (SD) SDDeSUS (2008–2011)–LDSZares (2008–2011) 5 (2008) Danilo Türk
Danilo Türk 2011

(23 December 2007 – 22 December 2012)
(5) Janez Janša 2017 Janez Janša
(born 1958)
10 February 2012 20 March 2013 404 Slovenian Democratic Party (SDS) II SDSNSiSLSDeSUSDL 6 ( 2011 )
7 143. seja vlade 05 cropped Alenka Bratušek
(born 1970)
20 March 2013 31 May 2014 547 Positive Slovenia (PS) PSDeSUSDLSDZaAB 6 ( ···· ) Borut Pahor
Borut Pahor 2010

(22 December 2012 – present)
(7) 31 May 2014 18 September 2014 Alliance of Alenka Bratušek (ZaAB) 6 ( ···· )
8 Miroslav Cerar (cropped) Miro Cerar
(born 1963)
18 September 2014 13 September 2018 1,456 Modern Centre Party (SMC) SMCDeSUSSD 7 (2014)
9 Marjan Šarec-za splet Marjan Šarec
(born 1977)
13 September 2018 Incumbent 241 List of Marjan Šarec (LMŠ) LMŠSDSMCSABDeSUS 8 (2018)



No. Prime Minister Date of birth Age at inauguration
(first term)
Time in office
Age at retirement
(last term)
Date of death Longevity
1 Alojz Peterle 5 July 1948 41 years, 315 days 1 year, 364 days 43 years, 314 days Living 70 years, 311 days (living)
2 Janez Drnovšek 17 May 1950 41 years, 363 days 10 years, 45 days 52 years, 216 days 23 February 2008 57 years, 282 days
3 Andrej Bajuk October 18, 1943 56 years, 233 days 176 days 57 years, 43 days 16 August 2011 67 years, 302 days
4 Anton Rop 27 December 1960 41 years, 357 days 1 year, 350 days 43 years, 342 days Living 58 years, 136 days (living)
5 Janez Janša 17 September 1958 46 years, 77 days 5 years, 28 days 54 years, 184 days Living 60 years, 237 days (living)
6 Borut Pahor 2 November 1963 45 years, 19 days 3 years, 81 days 48 years, 100 days Living 55 years, 191 days (living)
7 Alenka Bratušek 31 March 1970 42 years, 354 days 1 year, 182 days 44 years, 171 days Living 49 years, 42 days (living)
8 Miroslav Cerar Jr. 25 August 1963 51 years, 24 days 3 years, 360 days 55 years, 19 days Living 55 years, 260 days (living)
9 Marjan Šarec 2 December 1977 40 years, 285 days 241 days (ongoing) Incumbent Living 41 years, 161 days (living)

See also

Alenka Bratušek

Alenka Bratušek (pronounced [aˈleːŋka ˈbɾaːtuʃək]; born 31 March 1970) is a Slovenian public servant. She was Prime Minister of Slovenia from March 2013 until May 2014, the first woman in Slovenia to hold this position. She was president pro tempore of the Positive Slovenia party from January 2013 until April 2014. On 5 May 2014, Bratušek submitted her resignation as Prime Minister.

Andrej Bajuk

Andrej Bajuk, also known in Spanish as Andrés Bajuk (18 October 1943 – 16 August 2011) was a Slovene politician and economist. He served briefly as Prime Minister of Slovenia in the year 2000, and was Finance Minister in the centre-right government of Janez Janša between 2004 and 2008. He was the founder and first president of the Christian Democratic party called New Slovenia.

Anton Rop

Anton Rop (born 27 December 1960) is a Slovenian politician. Currently, he is a vice-president of European Investment Bank. He was the fourth Prime Minister of Slovenia, from 2002 to 2004. Until 2005 he was also the president of the Liberal Democratic Party (Liberalna Demokracija Slovenije – LDS), the legal successor of the Slovenian Association of Socialist Youth. On March 20, 2007, he left the party and joined the Social Democrats.

Rop was born in Ljubljana. He graduated from the Faculty of Economics in Ljubljana in 1984. In 1991, he was admitted to the master's degree in economics, with a thesis on state expenditure and economic growth. From 1985 to 1992 he was Assistant Director of the Slovenian Institute for Macroeconomic Analysis and Development, where he also headed working groups for the projects of fiscal informatics and investments in economic infrastructure and tackled Slovenia's developmental problems. He has written numerous articles about investment, market and housing topics. In his capacity as assistant director of the Institute and advisor to the government he started working in the field of privatisation and legislation drafting as early as 1992.

In 1993 he was appointed State Secretary at the Ministry of Economic Relations and Development, charged with privatisation and regional development. He managed system solutions in ownership transformation and the privatisation process in Slovenia. Between 1996 and 2000 he held the office of Minister of Labour, Family and Social Affairs.

Following elections to the National Assembly at the end of 2000 he was appointed minister of finance. He performed this function until December 19, 2002 when he was elected prime minister. He came into conflict with President Janez Drnovšek, though they are from the same party. His government lost the October 2004 elections, and he relinquished the post of Prime Minister on November 9, 2004 when Janez Janša was elected.

He was member of National Assembly of Slovenia until August 2010, when he became vice-president of the European Investment Bank.

Anton Vratuša

Anton Vratuša (born Vratussa Antal; 21 February 1915 – 30 July 2017) was a Slovenian politician and diplomat who was Prime Minister of Slovenia from 1978 to 1980, and Yugoslavia's ambassador to the United Nations.

Aurelio Juri

Aurelio Juri (born 27 July 1949) is a Slovenian politician and journalist of Italian ethnic origin. Between 2008 and 2009, he served as Member of the European Parliament. He was an influential member of the Social Democrats, before he left the party in 2009.

Juri was born in an Italian-speaking family of Friulian descent in Pula, Croatia, then part of former Yugoslavia. He spent his childhood in the Slovenian coastal town of Koper, where he started his political career in the Communist Party of Slovenia. In 1978, he became a member of the Town Council. A staunch supporter of the reformist wing of the party led by Milan Kučan, became a member of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Slovenia in 1989, one year before the democratic changes in Slovenia. Between 1986 and 1990, he also served as chairman of the autonomous organization of the Italian Community of Koper.

In 1994, he became mayor of Koper, but resigned in 1996, after being elected to the Slovenian National Assembly on the list of the United List of Social Democrats. He remained in Parliament for three consecutive terms. In November 2008, he replaced the party leader Borut Pahor, who was elected Prime Minister of Slovenia, as member of the European Parliament.

His brother Franco Juri is a prominent cartoonist, musician, and politician. His son Luka Juri is also a journalist and prominent Social Democrat politician.


Borut may refer to:

PlacesBorut, a settlement in Neum; see List of populated places in Bosnia and HerzegovinaPeopleBorut Bilač (born 1965), Slovenian long jumper

Borut Božič (born 1980), Slovenian professional road racing cyclist

Borut Javornik (born 1967), Slovenian slalom canoer

Borut Justin, Yugoslav slalom canoer

Borut Mavrič (born 1970), Slovenian international footballer

Borut Pahor (born 1963), Slovenian politician, Prime Minister of Slovenia from 2008 to 2012

Borut Petrič (born 1961), Slovenian freestyle swimmer

Borut Plaskan (born 1966), professional handball player

Borut Semler (born 1985), Slovenian footballer

Borut Urh (born 1974), Slovenian professional tennis player

Janez (given name)

Janez is a Slovene form of the given name John.

Janez Burger (born 1965), film director

Janez Drnovšek (1950–2008), second president of Slovenia

Janez Drozg (1933–2005), film director

Janez Janša (born 1958), fifth prime minister of Slovenia

Janez Lapajne (born 1967), film director

Janez Vajkard Valvasor (1641–1693), Slovene name of Johann Weikhard von Valvasor, scholar and polymath, member of the Royal Society

Janez Drnovšek

Janez Drnovšek (Slovene pronunciation: [ˈjàːnɛz dəɾˈnɔ́ːwʃək]; 17 May 1950 – 23 February 2008) was a Slovenian liberal politician, President of the Presidency of Yugoslavia (1989–1990), Prime Minister of Slovenia (1992–2002) and President of Slovenia (2002–2007).

Janez Janša

Ivan Janša (Slovene: [ˈíːʋan ˈjàːnʃa]; born 17 September 1958), baptized and best known as Janez Janša [ˈjàːnɛs], is a Slovenian politician who was Prime Minister of Slovenia from 2004 to 2008 and again from 2012 to 2013. He has led the Slovenian Democratic Party since 1993. Janša was Minister of Defence from 1990 to 1994, holding that post during the Slovenian War of Independence (June–July 1991).

Janša became Prime Minister again in 2012, following an early election in December 2011. On 27 February 2013, Janša's second government was ousted in a vote of non-confidence, and Positive Slovenia's Alenka Bratušek was tasked to form a new government. On 5 June 2013, Janša was sentenced to two years in prison on corruption charges. The ruling was confirmed by Slovenia's higher court on 28 April 2014 and unanimously overturned by the Constitutional Court of Slovenia on 23 April 2015.Janša is a close ally of Hungary's Prime Minister Viktor Orbán.

Lojze Peterle

Alojz "Lojze" Peterle (born 5 July 1948) is a Slovenian politician and Member of the European Parliament (MEP) from Slovenia. He is a member of New Slovenia, part of the European People's Party. He served as Prime Minister of Slovenia from 1990 to 1992, Leader of the Christian Democrats from the founding of the party in 1990 until it merged with the Slovenian People's Party in 2000 and Minister of Foreign Affairs from 1993 to 1994 and 2000. He was a Member of the National Assembly from 1996 to 2004.

Marjan Šarec

Marjan Šarec (born 2 December 1977) is a Slovenian politician and former actor. He is the 9th and current Prime Minister of Slovenia, taking office 13 September 2018. He started his career as a comedian and political satirist but later entered politics. He was twice elected mayor of Kamnik, ran in the presidential election in 2017 (narrowly losing to the incumbent Borut Pahor in the run-off), and entered the National Assembly in general election in 2018 with his party List of Marjan Šarec. On 17 August 2018, he was elected Prime Minister of Slovenia.

Miha Marinko

Miha Marinko (8 September 1900 – 19 August 1983) served as the Prime Minister of Slovenia from June 1946 to 1953. During the latter part of 1953, he served as the President of the Executive Council, in the same role as Prime Minister. He succeeded Boris Kidrič and was succeeded by Boris Kraigher. He was a member of the League of Communists of Slovenia.

Miro Cerar

Miroslav Cerar Jr. (Slovene pronunciation: [ˈmíːrɔslaw ˈtsɛ̀ːrar ˈjúːnijɔr], known as Miro Cerar [ˈmíːrɔ -]; born 25 August 1963) is a Slovenian lawyer and politician who served as the 8th Prime Minister of Slovenia from 18 September 2014 to 14 March 2018, when he announced his resignation, and served as the leader of a caretaker government which lasted until a new one was formed following the June parliamentary election. With a non-political background and as one who was relatively new to politics at the time of his appointment as Prime Minister, Cerar leads the centrist Modern Centre Party, formerly named eponymously the Party of Miro Cerar.

Party of Alenka Bratušek

The Party of Alenka Bratušek (Slovene: Stranka Alenke Bratušek, SAB) is a political party in Slovenia. The party was founded on 31 May 2014 as the Alliance of Alenka Bratušek (Zavezništvo Alenke Bratušek, ZaAB). The party was formed by Alenka Bratušek, who resigned as Prime Minister of Slovenia on 5 May 2014, and other former members of Positive Slovenia.

Among the founding members were incumbent MPs Maša Kociper, Jerko Čehovin, Jani Möderndorfer, Maja Dimitrovski, former MP Peter Vilfan, ministers Roman Jakič and Metod Dragonja. Present were also several guests: former Mercator retail group chief executive Miran Goslar, Verjamem party leader Igor Šoltes, MEP Tanja Fajon and Social Democrat MP Matjaž Han, Zares party president Darja Radić and the Democratic Party of Pensioners of Slovenia's Gorazd Žmauc.The party won 4.34% of the vote in 13 July 2014's Slovenian parliamentary election - and four seats in parliament.On 21 November 2014, the party became a full member of the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe grouping in the European Parliament.On 21 May 2016 the party was renamed as the Alliance of Social Liberal Democrats. On 7 October 2017, the party again changed its title to include the founder's name in preparation for the upcoming parliamentary elections, becoming the Party of Alenka Bratušek. The party's Secretary General Jernej Pavlič stated that the name was changed to improve name recognition.In the 3 June 2018 parliamentary election, the party garnered 5.11% of the vote and won five MP seats.

Politics of Slovenia

The politics of Slovenia takes place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democratic republic, whereby the Prime Minister of Slovenia is the head of government, and of a multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the Government of Slovenia. Legislative power is vested in the National Assembly and in minor part in the National Council. The judiciary of Slovenia is independent of the executive and the legislature.

President of the government

President of the government, chairman of the government, or head of the government is a term used in official statements to describe several Prime Ministers.

Croatia, Prime Minister of Croatia

Greece, Prime Minister of Greece, Πρόεδρος της Κυβέρνησης

Lebanon, Prime Minister of Lebanon

Morocco, President of the Government of Morocco

Philippines, Prime Minister of the Philippines (defunct)

Serbia, Prime Minister of Serbia

Slovenia, Prime Minister of Slovenia

Spain, Prime Minister of Spain, Presidente del Gobierno de España

Vatican City, President of the Pontifical Commission for Vatican City StateChairman of the Government can refer to:

Russia, Prime Minister of Russia

Adjara, Chairman of the Government of Adjara

Slovakia, Prime Minister of Slovakia

Czech Republic, Prime Minister of the Czech RepublicHead of the Government can refer to:

Algeria, Prime Minister of Algeria

Tunisia, Head of Government of Tunisia

Israel, Prime Minister of Israel

Syria, Prime Minister of Syria

Slovenia Summit 2001

The Slovenia Summit 2001 was a summit meeting between United States President George W. Bush and Russian President Vladimir Putin (hence also known as the Bush-Putin summit). It took place on June 16, 2001, on the Brdo pri Kranju estate in northern Slovenia. It was hosted by the then Prime Minister of Slovenia Janez Drnovšek and by the President of Slovenia Milan Kučan.

Slovenian Intelligence and Security Agency

The Slovenian Intelligence and Security Agency (Slovene: Slovenska obveščevalno-varnostna agencija; SOVA or Sova, pronounced [ˈsɔ̀ːʋa]; lit. Owl) is the main civilian intelligence service in the Republic of Slovenia and as a government agency is subordinated directly to Prime Minister of Slovenia. The mission of SOVA as the central intelligence and security service in the Republic of Slovenia is to provide for national security. The agency's headquarters are located at Stegne Street in Dravlje, northwest of Ljubljana's centre.

Its military counterpart is Intelligence and Security Service (Slovene: Obveščevalno-varnostna služba; OVS), part of Ministry of Defense.

Statistical Office of Slovenia

The Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia (SORS) (Slovene: Statistični urad Republike Slovenije, SURS) is an independent Slovenian state institution in charge of official statistical surveying. It is directly responsible to the Prime Minister of Slovenia. One of the office's activities is a nationwide census every 10 years, the last one being conducted in 2011. The office is located at Litostroj Street (Litostrojska cesta) 54 in Ljubljana. As of August 2013, its director is Genovefa Ružić.

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