Prime Minister of Slovakia

The Chairman of the Government of the Slovak Republic (Slovak: Predseda vlády Slovenskej republiky), also known as the Prime Minister (Slovak: Premiér), is the head of the Government of Slovakia. On paper he is the third highest constitutional official in Slovakia after the President of Slovakia and the Speaker of the National Council. In practice, he is the country's leading political figure.

The office itself was created in 1969 and since then there has been 14 prime ministers serving in the office. Since 1993, when independent Slovakia emerged, seven prime ministers (five individuals only) have been serving in the office. On March 22, 2018, Peter Pellegrini became the 8th and current prime minister.

Chairman of the Government of the Slovak Republic
Predseda vlády Slovenskej republiky
Coat of arms of Slovakia
Peter Pellegrini - 2015
Peter Pellegrini

since 22 March 2018
Member ofEuropean Council
ResidenceSummer Archbishop's Palace
Term lengthThe Prime minister's term of office depends on support of the National Council.
Inaugural holderŠtefan Sádovský
Formation2 January 1969


The office of Prime Minister was established in 1969 by the Constitutional Law of Federation. However, a similar office had existed from 1918 when various officials were presiding over executive bodies governing the Slovak part of Czechoslovakia or the Slovak state respectively. From 1993, when the independent Slovak Republic was established, there have been five persons to hold the office. From 2018 the current Prime Minister is Peter Pellegrini.

Powers and role

Since Slovakia is a parliamentary republic the Prime Minister is accountable to the National Council. The Slovak Constitution provides that upon the accession to the office each Prime Minister must gain and thereafter maintain the confidence of the Parliament. As soon as the Prime Minister loses the confidence, the President is obliged to dismiss him and designate a new Prime Minister or entrust the dismissed Prime Minister to act as a caretaker with limited powers.

The Prime Minister is the most powerful office in state, since he commands and presides over the Government. Although it is not the Prime Minister but the President who appoints Ministers in Cabinet, the President appoints Ministers on the advice of the Prime Minister.

Designated Prime Minister of Slovakia

Designated Prime Minister of Slovakia (Slovak: designovaný predseda vlády) is an unofficial title for a person who has been entrusted by the President of the Slovak Republic with forming a new government and replacing the outgoing Prime Minister. This title, as well as the authorization of the president to entrust the designated PM, is not set by an act but is a legal or, more precisely, constitutional tradition. According to this tradition, the President designates a person who has support of the majority of deputies in the National Council.

List of Prime Ministers of Slovakia

First Czechoslovak Republic (1918–1938)

Minister plenipotentiary for administration of Slovakia

Land President of Slovakia

  • Ján Drobný (1 July 1928 – 1929)
  • Jozef Országh (1929–1938)
  • Julián Šimko (1938–1939)

Second Czechoslovak Republic (1938–1939)

Prime Ministers of the Autonomy Government of Slovakia

First Slovak Republic (1939–1945)

Prime Ministers of the First Slovak Republic

Third Czechoslovak Republic (1945–1948)

Chairman of the Board of Commissioners

Czechoslovak Socialist Republic (1948–1989)

1 January 1969 – 5 March 1990: called "Slovak Socialist Republic" within Czechoslovakia.

Chairman of the Board of Commissioners

  • Gustáv Husák (14 August 1946 – 4 May 1950)
  • Karol Bacílek (4 May 1950 – 7 September 1951)
  • Július Ďuriš (7 September 1951 – 31 January 1953)
  • Rudolf Strechaj (31 January 1953 – 11 July 1960)

Chairman of the Slovak National Council

  • Rudolf Strechaj (14 July 1960 – 28 July 1962)
  • Jozef Lenárt (31 October 1962 – 20 March 1963)
  • Michal Chudík (23 March 1963 – 29 December 1968)

Prime Ministers of the Slovak Socialist Republic

  1. Štefan Sádovský: 2 January 1969 – 5 May 1969
  2. Peter Colotka: 5 May 1969 – 12 October 1988
  3. Ivan Knotek: 13 October 1988 – 22 June 1989
  4. Pavel Hrivnák: 23 June 1989 – 8 December 1989

Czech and Slovak Federative Republic (1990–1992)

6 March 1990 – 31 December 1992: called "Slovak Republic" within Czechoslovakia.

Prime Ministers of the Slovak Republic

  KSČ        VPN       KDH
No. Portrait Name
Term of Office Political Party Cabinet National Council
Took Office Left Office Days
5 Milan Čič (jan. 2012) Milan Čič
10 December 1989 27 June 1990 197 Communist Party of Czechoslovakia
I KSČVPN 5 ( ···· )
Public Against Violence
6 Vladimir Meciar Vladimír Mečiar
(born 1942)
27 June 1990 6 May 1991 299 Public Against Violence
I VPNKDHDS – MNI 6 (1990)
7 Ján Čarnogurský (2012) Ján Čarnogurský
(born 1944)
6 May 1991 24 June 1992 428 Christian Democratic Movement
I ODÚKDHDS – MNI 6 ( ···· )

Slovak Republic (1993–present)

From 1 January 1993 after the dissolution of Czechoslovakia.

  HZDS/ĽS-HZDS (National conservative)        DEÚS (Liberal conservative)       SDK (Christian democrat)       SDKÚ/SDKÚ-DS (Liberal conservative)       SMER-SD (Social democratic)
No. Portrait Name
Term of Office Political Party Cabinet National Council
Took Office Left Office Days
1 Vladimir Meciar Vladimír Mečiar
(born 1942)
24 June 1992 15 March 1994 629 Movement for a Democratic Slovakia
II HZDS, joined by SNS in 1993 7 (1992)
2 Coat of arms of Slovakia Jozef Moravčík
(born 1945)
15 March 1994 13 December 1994 273 Democratic Union of Slovakia
I DEÚSKDHSDĽ – NDS 7 ( ···· )
(1) Vladimir Meciar Vladimír Mečiar
(born 1942)
13 December 1994 30 October 1998 1417 Movement for a Democratic Slovakia
3 Mikulas Dzurinda Mikuláš Dzurinda
(born 1955)
30 October 1998 15 October 2002 2804 Slovak Democratic Coalition
SDK later replaced by SDKÚ
SDK later replaced by SDKÚ
2 (1998)
16 October 2002 4 July 2006 Slovak Democratic and Christian Union
4 Fico Juncker (cropped) Robert Fico
(born 1964)
4 July 2006 8 July 2010 1465 Direction – Social Democracy
5 Iveta Radičová (jan. 2012) Iveta Radičová
(born 1956)
8 July 2010 4 April 2012 636 Slovak Democratic and Christian Union – Democratic Party
I SDKÚ-DSSaSKDHMost–Híd 5 (2010)
(4) Fico Juncker (cropped) Robert Fico
(born 1964)
4 April 2012 23 March 2016 2571 Direction – Social Democracy
II SMER-SD 6 (2012)
23 March 2016 22 March 2018 III SMER-SDSNSMost–HídSIEŤ
SIEŤ exited cabinet
7 (2016)
6 Peter Pellegrini - 2015 Peter Pellegrini
(born 1975)
22 March 2018 Incumbent 393 Direction – Social Democracy
I SMER-SDSNSMost–Híd 7 ( ···· )


# Prime Minister Date of birth Age at inauguration
(first term)
Time in office
Age at retirement
(last term)
Date of death Longevity
1 Vladimír Mečiar July 26, 1942 49 years, 334 days 5 years, 221 days 56 years, 96 days Living 76 years, 267 days (Living)
2 Jozef Moravčík March 19, 1945 49 years, 361 days 0 years, 273 days 50 years, 269 days Living 74 years, 31 days (Living)
3 Mikuláš Dzurinda February 4, 1955 43 years, 268 days 7 years, 247 days 51 years, 150 days Living 64 years, 74 days (Living)
4 Robert Fico September 15, 1964 41 years, 292 days 11 years, 19 days 53 years, 46 days Living 54 years, 216 days (Living)
5 Iveta Radičová December 7, 1956 53 years, 213 days 1 year, 271 days 55 years, 119 days Living 62 years, 133 days (Living)

See also

Comenius University

Comenius University in Bratislava (Slovak: Univerzita Komenského v Bratislave) is the largest university in Slovakia, with most of its faculties located in Bratislava. It was founded in 1919, shortly after the creation of Czechoslovakia. It is named after Jan Amos Comenius, a 17th-century Czech teacher and philosopher.

In 2006, Comenius University had more than 30,000 students and 2,000 faculty members. As are most universities in Slovakia, it is funded mostly by the government. Although there have been plans to establish tuition fees for university students in Slovakia for years, another attempt failed to gain sufficient support in parliament in May 2005.

Direction – Social Democracy

Direction – Social Democracy (Slovak: Smer – sociálna demokracia, Smer – SD) is a social-democratic political party in Slovakia. It is led by former Prime Minister of Slovakia Robert Fico. Smer-SD is the largest party in the National Council, with a plurality of 49 seats (out of 150) following the parliamentary Election held on 5 March 2016.

First Lady of Slovakia

The First Lady of Slovakia (Prvá Dáma in Slovak) is the title attributed to the wife of the President of Slovakia. The country's current first lady is Martina Kisková, wife of President Andrej Kiska, who had held the position since January 15, 2014. There has been no First Gentleman of Slovakia to date.

The position should not be confused with the husband or wife of the Prime Minister of Slovakia.

Government of Slovakia

The Government of the Slovak Republic (Slovak: Vláda Slovenskej republiky) is the head of the executive branch of state in Slovakia.

It is led by the Prime Minister of Slovakia, who is nominated by the President of Slovakia, and is usually the leader of majority party or of majority coalition after an election to the National Council of the Slovak Republic. The Cabinet appointed by the president on recommendation of the prime minister must gain a vote of confidence in the National Council.

Ivan Lexa

Ivan Lexa, Ing. (born August 18, 1961 in Bratislava) is the former head of the Slovak Secret Service from 1995 to 1998. One of the closest allies of the former autocratic Prime Minister of Slovakia Vladimír Mečiar, under Lexa the Secret Service committed numerous high-profile politically motivated crimes.

In 2000, Ivan Lexa fled Slovakia and became an international fugitive and target of an intense search by the Interpol. He was captured in 2002 in Umhlanga, South Africa and extradited back to Slovakia. In the meantime, Lexa changed his looks, losing weight and gaining muscle and tan, making his appearance the focus of cover pages in Slovak media. Slovak courts have never found Ivan Lexa guilty of any wrongdoing and in two cases Lexa was covered by the amnesties granted by then acting President Vladimír Mečiar.

Iveta Radičová

Iveta Radičová (Slovak pronunciation: [ˈiʋɛta ˈɾaɟitʃɔʋaː]; born 7 December 1956) served as the first woman Prime Minister of Slovakia from 2010 to 2012. She led a coalition government, in which she also briefly held the post of Minister of Defence in the last five months of the coalition. Previously she had served as Minister of Labour from 2005 to 2006 in the second Dzurinda government.In the 2009 presidential election Iveta Radičová unsuccessfully ran for the office of President of Slovakia. As of March 2012 she stated that she has retired from politics.

Jirko Malchárek

Jirko Malchárek is a former Minister of Economy of Slovakia, former deputy prime minister of Slovakia and former racing driver.

Malchárek was born June 28, 1966 in Jeseník, Czechoslovakia (now part of Czech Republic). He was educated in technical field and graduated at the Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava.

He was in the Slovak National Council from 1998 to 2006, initially for the Party of Civic Understanding (Strana občianskeho porozumenia) and from 2002 as a member of the Alliance of the New Citizen, of which he is a founding member. In September 2005 he abandoned Alliance of the New Citizen and became a member of Nádej (English: Hope), which did not get into parliament in the 2006 elections.

He is interested in automobile racing and raced for 11 years, including occasional forays into international racing, such as the FIA GT Championship, and in 2002 he was a test driver of Minardi. He is a co-founder of BECEP, organization dedicated to safety of automobile traffic.


Jozef or Józef is a Dutch, Polish and Slovak version of masculine given name Joseph. A selection of people with that name follows. For a comprehensive list see All pages with titles beginning with Jozef and All pages with titles beginning with Józef..

Jozef Adamec (born 1942), Slovak footballer

Jozef Barmoš (born 1954), Slovak footballer

Józef Beck (1894-1944), Polish foreign minister in the 1930s

Józef Bem (1794-1850), Polish general, Ottoman pasha and a national hero of Poland and Hungary

Józef Bilczewski (1860–1923), Polish Catholic archbishop and saint

Józef Brandt (1841–1915), Polish painter

Jozef M.L.T. Cals (1914–1971), Dutch Prime Minister

Józef Marian Chełmoński (1849–1914), Polish painter

Jozef Chovanec (born 1960), Slovak footballer

Jozef De Kesel (born 1947), Belgian cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church

Jozef De Veuster (1840–1889), Belgian missionary better known as Father Damien

Józef Elsner (1769–1854), Silesian composer, music teacher, and music theoretician

Jozef Gabčík (1912–1942), Slovak soldier in the Czechoslovak army involved in Operation Anthropoid

Jozef A.A. Geeraerts (1930–2015), Belgian writer

Józef Grudzień (born 1939), Polish boxer and Olympic champion

Józef Kazimierz Hofmann (1876–1957), Polish American pianist, composer, and inventor

Jozef Israëls (1824–1911), Dutch painter

Józef Klotz (1900–1941), Polish footballer

Jozef Lenárt (1923–2004), Slovak Prime Minister of Czechoslovakia 1963–68

Józef Lustgarten (1899–1973), Polish footballer

Jozef Moravčík (born 1945), Slovak diplomat and politician, Prime Minister of Slovakia in 1994

Jozef Teodor Mousson (1887–1946), Slovak Impressionist painter

Jozef Murgaš (1864–1929), Slovak inventor, architect, botanist, painter, and priest

Józef Piłsudski (1867-1935), Polish head of state and commander-in-chief of the armed forces

Józef Pińkowski (1929-2000), Polish Communist politician, Prime Minister from 1980 to 1981

Józef Poniatowski (1763-1813), Polish political and military leader

Jozef Pribilinec (born 1960), Slovak racewalker

Józef Rotblat (1908–2005), Polish physicist

Józef Szmidt (born 1935), Polish retired triple jumper, world record holder and twice Olympic champion

Jozef Stümpel (born 1972), Slovak former National Hockey League player

Jozef Tiso (1887–1947), Slovak priest and puppet head of state of Slovakia from 1939 to 1945 executed for war crimes

Jozef Tomko (born 1924), Slovak Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church

Jozef Van Roey (1874–1961), Belgian Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church

Jozef Vengloš (born 1936), Slovak football coach

Józef Andrzej Załuski (1702–1774), Polish Bishop of Kiev and bibliophile

Józef Wakeman (2002-present), British Go-Kart racer.

Jozef Moravčík

Jozef Moravčík (born 19 March 1945) is a Slovak diplomat and political figure. He served as the Prime Minister of Slovakia from 16 March 1994 to 13 December 1994, and later as the Mayor of Bratislava.


Ján is a Slovak form of the name John.

Ján Čarnogurský

Ján Čarnogurský (born 1 January 1944) is a Slovak former politician, a former Prime Minister of Slovakia (1991–1992) and the former chairman of the Christian Democratic Movement (1990–2000). Today he is chairman of Slovak-Russian association with headquarters in Bratislava.

He is married and has 4 children.

Katarína Tóthová

Katarína Tóthová (born February 6, 1940) is a former Deputy Prime Minister of Slovakia and 1st Minister of Justice of Slovakia and former Member of National Council of the Slovak Republic. After the 2010 parliament election she retired from politics.


Mikuláš or Mikulas may refer to:

In Slovak geography:

Liptovský Mikuláš

Liptovský Mikuláš District

Plavecký MikulášIn sports:

Zimný štadión Liptovský Mikuláš, arena in Liptovský Mikuláš, Slovakia

MHk 32 Liptovský Mikuláš, professional ice hockey team in the Slovak Extraliga

Mikuláš Konopka, Slovak shot putterIn politics:

Mikuláš Dzurinda, Prime Minister of Slovakia from October 30, 1998 until July 4, 2006

Mikuláš of Hus, Bohemian politician and leading representative of the Hussite movementIn other fields:

Mikuláš Galanda, renowned painter, illustrator, and one of the most important pioneers and propagators of Slovak modern art

Mikulas of Kadan, Imperial clockmaker who designed the clock machine of Prague Orloj together with Jan Šindel around 1410

Mikuláš Dzurinda

Mikuláš Dzurinda (Slovak pronunciation: [ˈmikulaːʒ ˈdzuɾinda] (listen); born 4 February 1956) is a Slovak politician who was Prime Minister of Slovakia from 30 October 1998 to 4 July 2006. He is the founder and leader of the Slovak Democratic Coalition (SDK) and then the Slovak Democratic and Christian Union. From 2002 to 2006, his party formed a coalition government with the Christian Democratic Movement, the Alliance of the New Citizen and the Party of the Hungarian Coalition. Mikuláš Dzurinda's 2nd government was labelled as a reformist one, pro-market and most effective one in economic matters in Slovakia since 1993. Carried out reforms included flat tax 19%, pension reform (second pillar), education financing reform (except colleges and universities). During his term Slovakia joined both the European Union and NATO.

Dzurinda later served as Minister of Foreign Affairs in Prime Minister Iveta Radičová's coalition government from 2010 to 2012. On 3 December 2013, Dzurinda was elected as President of the Centre for European Studies, the think-tank of the European People's Party, succeeding Wilfried Martens.

Next Slovak parliamentary election

The next Slovak parliamentary election will be held in or before March 2020. All 150 members of the National Council will be elected and the leader of the resultant government will become the Prime Minister.

Peter Pellegrini

Peter Pellegrini (born 6 October 1975) is a Slovak politician who is the current Prime Minister of Slovakia, having taken office on 22 March 2018. He has also previously served in many government positions in Slovakia, most recently as Deputy Prime Minister for Investments and Informatization.

Between 2006 and 2012 he was a member of the National Council of Slovakia. He then became State Secretary for Finance, he served in this position until his appointment as Minister for Education, Science, Research and Sport on 3 July 2014. He was Speaker of the National Council between 25 November 2014 and 23 March 2016. After his stint as speaker, he became Deputy Prime Minister for Investments.

President of the government

President of the government, chairman of the government, or head of the government is a term used in official statements to describe several Prime Ministers.

Croatia, Prime Minister of Croatia

Greece, Prime Minister of Greece, Πρόεδρος της Κυβέρνησης

Lebanon, Prime Minister of Lebanon

Morocco, President of the Government of Morocco

Philippines, Prime Minister of the Philippines (defunct)

Serbia, Prime Minister of Serbia

Slovenia, Prime Minister of Slovenia

Spain, Prime Minister of Spain, Presidente del Gobierno de España

Vatican City, President of the Pontifical Commission for Vatican City StateChairman of the Government can refer to:

Russia, Prime Minister of Russia

Adjara, Chairman of the Government of Adjara

Slovakia, Prime Minister of Slovakia

Czech Republic, Prime Minister of the Czech RepublicHead of the Government can refer to:

Algeria, Prime Minister of Algeria

Tunisia, Head of Government of Tunisia

Israel, Prime Minister of Israel

Syria, Prime Minister of Syria

Robert Fico

Robert Fico (Slovak pronunciation: [ˈɾɔbɛɾt ˈfitsɔ]; born 15 September 1964) is a Slovak politician who served as Prime Minister of Slovakia from 2012 until his resignation in 2018. Fico also previously served as a Prime Minister from 4 July 2006 to 8 July 2010. He has been the leader of the Direction – Social Democracy (SMER-SD) party since 1999. First elected to Parliament in 1992 (whilst within Czechoslovakia), he was later appointed to the Council of Europe. Following his party's victory in the 2006 parliamentary election, he formed the first Fico Cabinet.

While later in opposition, Fico again sat as a member of parliament, effectively as leader of the opposition. Following a motion of confidence against the Iveta Radičová cabinet, Fico was re-appointed as Prime Minister after leading SMER-SD to a landslide election victory in the 2012 parliamentary election, winning 83 seats and forming a government with an absolute majority in Parliament, the first such since 1989. In 2013, Fico officially declared his candidacy for the 2014 presidential election. In the end Fico lost to his political rival Andrej Kiska in the second round of voting on 29 March 2014.On 15 March 2018, in the wake of the political crisis following the murder of Ján Kuciak, Fico delivered his resignation to President Andrej Kiska, who then formally charged Deputy Prime Minister Peter Pellegrini with the formation of a new government.

Vladimír Mečiar

Vladimír Mečiar (Slovak pronunciation: [ˈʋlaɟimiːɾ ˈmɛtʃɪ̯aɾ]; born 26 July 1942) is a Slovak politician who served as Prime Minister of Slovakia three times, from 1990 to 1991, from 1992 to 1994 and from 1994 to 1998. He was the leader of the People's Party - Movement for a Democratic Slovakia (ĽS-HZDS). Mečiar led Slovakia during the dissolution of Czechoslovakia in 1992–93 and was one of the leading presidential candidates in Slovakia in 1999 and 2004. He has been criticized by his opponents as well as by Western political organisations for having an autocratic style of administration and for his connections to organized crime and his years in government became infamously known as Mečiarizmus (Mečiarism - spin off from Communism, due to its autocracy).

Prime Ministers of Slovakia
First Slovak Republic
Slovak Socialist Republic
Slovak Republic
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