The Chairman of the Government of the Slovak Republic (Slovak: Predseda vlády Slovenskej republiky), also known as the Prime Minister (Slovak: Premiér), is the head of the Government of Slovakia. On paper he is the third highest constitutional official in Slovakia after the President of Slovakia and the Speaker of the National Council. In practice, he is the country's leading political figure.
The office itself was created in 1969 and since then there has been 14 prime ministers serving in the office. Since 1993, when independent Slovakia emerged, seven prime ministers (five individuals only) have been serving in the office. On March 22, 2018, Peter Pellegrini became the 8th and current prime minister.
|Chairman of the Government of the Slovak Republic
Predseda vlády Slovenskej republiky
since 22 March 2018
|Member of||European Council|
|Residence||Summer Archbishop's Palace|
|Term length||The Prime minister's term of office depends on support of the National Council.|
|Inaugural holder||Štefan Sádovský|
|Formation||2 January 1969|
The office of Prime Minister was established in 1969 by the Constitutional Law of Federation. However, a similar office had existed from 1918 when various officials were presiding over executive bodies governing the Slovak part of Czechoslovakia or the Slovak state respectively. From 1993, when the independent Slovak Republic was established, there have been five persons to hold the office. From 2018 the current Prime Minister is Peter Pellegrini.
Since Slovakia is a parliamentary republic the Prime Minister is accountable to the National Council. The Slovak Constitution provides that upon the accession to the office each Prime Minister must gain and thereafter maintain the confidence of the Parliament. As soon as the Prime Minister loses the confidence, the President is obliged to dismiss him and designate a new Prime Minister or entrust the dismissed Prime Minister to act as a caretaker with limited powers.
The Prime Minister is the most powerful office in state, since he commands and presides over the Government. Although it is not the Prime Minister but the President who appoints Ministers in Cabinet, the President appoints Ministers on the advice of the Prime Minister.
Designated Prime Minister of Slovakia (Slovak: designovaný predseda vlády) is an unofficial title for a person who has been entrusted by the President of the Slovak Republic with forming a new government and replacing the outgoing Prime Minister. This title, as well as the authorization of the president to entrust the designated PM, is not set by an act but is a legal or, more precisely, constitutional tradition. According to this tradition, the President designates a person who has support of the majority of deputies in the National Council.
Minister plenipotentiary for administration of Slovakia
Land President of Slovakia
Prime Ministers of the Autonomy Government of Slovakia
Prime Ministers of the First Slovak Republic
Chairman of the Board of Commissioners
1 January 1969 – 5 March 1990: called "Slovak Socialist Republic" within Czechoslovakia.
Chairman of the Board of Commissioners
Chairman of the Slovak National Council
Prime Ministers of the Slovak Socialist Republic
6 March 1990 – 31 December 1992: called "Slovak Republic" within Czechoslovakia.
Prime Ministers of the Slovak Republic
|KSČ VPN KDH|
|Term of Office||Political Party||Cabinet||National Council|
|Took Office||Left Office||Days|
|10 December 1989||27 June 1990||197||Communist Party of Czechoslovakia
|I||KSČ – VPN||5 ( ···· )|
|Public Against Violence|
|27 June 1990||6 May 1991||299||Public Against Violence
|I||VPN – KDH – DS – MNI||6 (1990)|
|6 May 1991||24 June 1992||428||Christian Democratic Movement
|I||ODÚ – KDH – DS – MNI||6 ( ···· )|
|HZDS/ĽS-HZDS (National conservative) DEÚS (Liberal conservative) SDK (Christian democrat) SDKÚ/SDKÚ-DS (Liberal conservative) SMER-SD (Social democratic)|
|Term of Office||Political Party||Cabinet||National Council|
|Took Office||Left Office||Days|
|24 June 1992||15 March 1994||629||Movement for a Democratic Slovakia
|II||HZDS, joined by SNS in 1993||7 (1992)|
|15 March 1994||13 December 1994||273||Democratic Union of Slovakia
|I||DEÚS – KDH – SDĽ – NDS||7 ( ···· )|
|13 December 1994||30 October 1998||1417||Movement for a Democratic Slovakia
|III||HZDS – ZRS – SNS – RSS||1 (1994)|
|30 October 1998||15 October 2002||2804||Slovak Democratic Coalition
SDK later replaced by SDKÚ
|I||SDK – SDĽ – SMK – SOP
SDK later replaced by SDKÚ
|16 October 2002||4 July 2006||Slovak Democratic and Christian Union
|II||SDKÚ – SMK – KDH – ANO||3 (2002)|
|4 July 2006||8 July 2010||1465||Direction – Social Democracy
|I||SMER-SD – SNS – ĽS-HZDS||4 (2006)|
|8 July 2010||4 April 2012||636||Slovak Democratic and Christian Union – Democratic Party
|I||SDKÚ-DS – SaS – KDH – Most–Híd||5 (2010)|
|4 April 2012||23 March 2016||2571||Direction – Social Democracy
|23 March 2016||22 March 2018||III||SMER-SD – SNS – Most–Híd – SIEŤ
SIEŤ exited cabinet
|22 March 2018||Incumbent||393||Direction – Social Democracy
|I||SMER-SD – SNS – Most–Híd||7 ( ···· )|
|#||Prime Minister||Date of birth||Age at inauguration
|Time in office
|Age at retirement
|Date of death||Longevity|
|1||Vladimír Mečiar||July 26, 1942||49 years, 334 days||5 years, 221 days||56 years, 96 days||Living||76 years, 267 days (Living)|
|2||Jozef Moravčík||March 19, 1945||49 years, 361 days||0 years, 273 days||50 years, 269 days||Living||74 years, 31 days (Living)|
|3||Mikuláš Dzurinda||February 4, 1955||43 years, 268 days||7 years, 247 days||51 years, 150 days||Living||64 years, 74 days (Living)|
|4||Robert Fico||September 15, 1964||41 years, 292 days||11 years, 19 days||53 years, 46 days||Living||54 years, 216 days (Living)|
|5||Iveta Radičová||December 7, 1956||53 years, 213 days||1 year, 271 days||55 years, 119 days||Living||62 years, 133 days (Living)|
Comenius University in Bratislava (Slovak: Univerzita Komenského v Bratislave) is the largest university in Slovakia, with most of its faculties located in Bratislava. It was founded in 1919, shortly after the creation of Czechoslovakia. It is named after Jan Amos Comenius, a 17th-century Czech teacher and philosopher.
In 2006, Comenius University had more than 30,000 students and 2,000 faculty members. As are most universities in Slovakia, it is funded mostly by the government. Although there have been plans to establish tuition fees for university students in Slovakia for years, another attempt failed to gain sufficient support in parliament in May 2005.Direction – Social Democracy
Direction – Social Democracy (Slovak: Smer – sociálna demokracia, Smer – SD) is a social-democratic political party in Slovakia. It is led by former Prime Minister of Slovakia Robert Fico. Smer-SD is the largest party in the National Council, with a plurality of 49 seats (out of 150) following the parliamentary Election held on 5 March 2016.First Lady of Slovakia
The First Lady of Slovakia (Prvá Dáma in Slovak) is the title attributed to the wife of the President of Slovakia. The country's current first lady is Martina Kisková, wife of President Andrej Kiska, who had held the position since January 15, 2014. There has been no First Gentleman of Slovakia to date.
The position should not be confused with the husband or wife of the Prime Minister of Slovakia.Government of Slovakia
The Government of the Slovak Republic (Slovak: Vláda Slovenskej republiky) is the head of the executive branch of state in Slovakia.
It is led by the Prime Minister of Slovakia, who is nominated by the President of Slovakia, and is usually the leader of majority party or of majority coalition after an election to the National Council of the Slovak Republic. The Cabinet appointed by the president on recommendation of the prime minister must gain a vote of confidence in the National Council.Ivan Lexa
Ivan Lexa, Ing. (born August 18, 1961 in Bratislava) is the former head of the Slovak Secret Service from 1995 to 1998. One of the closest allies of the former autocratic Prime Minister of Slovakia Vladimír Mečiar, under Lexa the Secret Service committed numerous high-profile politically motivated crimes.
In 2000, Ivan Lexa fled Slovakia and became an international fugitive and target of an intense search by the Interpol. He was captured in 2002 in Umhlanga, South Africa and extradited back to Slovakia. In the meantime, Lexa changed his looks, losing weight and gaining muscle and tan, making his appearance the focus of cover pages in Slovak media. Slovak courts have never found Ivan Lexa guilty of any wrongdoing and in two cases Lexa was covered by the amnesties granted by then acting President Vladimír Mečiar.Iveta Radičová
Iveta Radičová (Slovak pronunciation: [ˈiʋɛta ˈɾaɟitʃɔʋaː]; born 7 December 1956) served as the first woman Prime Minister of Slovakia from 2010 to 2012. She led a coalition government, in which she also briefly held the post of Minister of Defence in the last five months of the coalition. Previously she had served as Minister of Labour from 2005 to 2006 in the second Dzurinda government.In the 2009 presidential election Iveta Radičová unsuccessfully ran for the office of President of Slovakia. As of March 2012 she stated that she has retired from politics.Jirko Malchárek
Jirko Malchárek is a former Minister of Economy of Slovakia, former deputy prime minister of Slovakia and former racing driver.
Malchárek was born June 28, 1966 in Jeseník, Czechoslovakia (now part of Czech Republic). He was educated in technical field and graduated at the Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava.
He was in the Slovak National Council from 1998 to 2006, initially for the Party of Civic Understanding (Strana občianskeho porozumenia) and from 2002 as a member of the Alliance of the New Citizen, of which he is a founding member. In September 2005 he abandoned Alliance of the New Citizen and became a member of Nádej (English: Hope), which did not get into parliament in the 2006 elections.
He is interested in automobile racing and raced for 11 years, including occasional forays into international racing, such as the FIA GT Championship, and in 2002 he was a test driver of Minardi. He is a co-founder of BECEP, organization dedicated to safety of automobile traffic.Jozef
Jozef or Józef is a Dutch, Polish and Slovak version of masculine given name Joseph. A selection of people with that name follows. For a comprehensive list see All pages with titles beginning with Jozef and All pages with titles beginning with Józef..
Jozef Adamec (born 1942), Slovak footballer
Jozef Barmoš (born 1954), Slovak footballer
Józef Beck (1894-1944), Polish foreign minister in the 1930s
Józef Bem (1794-1850), Polish general, Ottoman pasha and a national hero of Poland and Hungary
Józef Bilczewski (1860–1923), Polish Catholic archbishop and saint
Józef Brandt (1841–1915), Polish painter
Jozef M.L.T. Cals (1914–1971), Dutch Prime Minister
Józef Marian Chełmoński (1849–1914), Polish painter
Jozef Chovanec (born 1960), Slovak footballer
Jozef De Kesel (born 1947), Belgian cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church
Jozef De Veuster (1840–1889), Belgian missionary better known as Father Damien
Józef Elsner (1769–1854), Silesian composer, music teacher, and music theoretician
Jozef Gabčík (1912–1942), Slovak soldier in the Czechoslovak army involved in Operation Anthropoid
Jozef A.A. Geeraerts (1930–2015), Belgian writer
Józef Grudzień (born 1939), Polish boxer and Olympic champion
Józef Kazimierz Hofmann (1876–1957), Polish American pianist, composer, and inventor
Jozef Israëls (1824–1911), Dutch painter
Józef Klotz (1900–1941), Polish footballer
Jozef Lenárt (1923–2004), Slovak Prime Minister of Czechoslovakia 1963–68
Józef Lustgarten (1899–1973), Polish footballer
Jozef Moravčík (born 1945), Slovak diplomat and politician, Prime Minister of Slovakia in 1994
Jozef Teodor Mousson (1887–1946), Slovak Impressionist painter
Jozef Murgaš (1864–1929), Slovak inventor, architect, botanist, painter, and priest
Józef Piłsudski (1867-1935), Polish head of state and commander-in-chief of the armed forces
Józef Pińkowski (1929-2000), Polish Communist politician, Prime Minister from 1980 to 1981
Józef Poniatowski (1763-1813), Polish political and military leader
Jozef Pribilinec (born 1960), Slovak racewalker
Józef Rotblat (1908–2005), Polish physicist
Józef Szmidt (born 1935), Polish retired triple jumper, world record holder and twice Olympic champion
Jozef Stümpel (born 1972), Slovak former National Hockey League player
Jozef Tiso (1887–1947), Slovak priest and puppet head of state of Slovakia from 1939 to 1945 executed for war crimes
Jozef Tomko (born 1924), Slovak Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church
Jozef Van Roey (1874–1961), Belgian Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church
Jozef Vengloš (born 1936), Slovak football coach
Józef Andrzej Załuski (1702–1774), Polish Bishop of Kiev and bibliophile
Józef Wakeman (2002-present), British Go-Kart racer.Jozef Moravčík
Jozef Moravčík (born 19 March 1945) is a Slovak diplomat and political figure. He served as the Prime Minister of Slovakia from 16 March 1994 to 13 December 1994, and later as the Mayor of Bratislava.Ján
Ján is a Slovak form of the name John.Ján Čarnogurský
Ján Čarnogurský (born 1 January 1944) is a Slovak former politician, a former Prime Minister of Slovakia (1991–1992) and the former chairman of the Christian Democratic Movement (1990–2000). Today he is chairman of Slovak-Russian association with headquarters in Bratislava.
He is married and has 4 children.Katarína Tóthová
Katarína Tóthová (born February 6, 1940) is a former Deputy Prime Minister of Slovakia and 1st Minister of Justice of Slovakia and former Member of National Council of the Slovak Republic. After the 2010 parliament election she retired from politics.Mikuláš
Mikuláš or Mikulas may refer to:
In Slovak geography:
Liptovský Mikuláš District
Plavecký MikulášIn sports:
Zimný štadión Liptovský Mikuláš, arena in Liptovský Mikuláš, Slovakia
MHk 32 Liptovský Mikuláš, professional ice hockey team in the Slovak Extraliga
Mikuláš Konopka, Slovak shot putterIn politics:
Mikuláš Dzurinda, Prime Minister of Slovakia from October 30, 1998 until July 4, 2006
Mikuláš of Hus, Bohemian politician and leading representative of the Hussite movementIn other fields:
Mikuláš Galanda, renowned painter, illustrator, and one of the most important pioneers and propagators of Slovak modern art
Mikulas of Kadan, Imperial clockmaker who designed the clock machine of Prague Orloj together with Jan Šindel around 1410Mikuláš Dzurinda
Mikuláš Dzurinda (Slovak pronunciation: [ˈmikulaːʒ ˈdzuɾinda] (listen); born 4 February 1956) is a Slovak politician who was Prime Minister of Slovakia from 30 October 1998 to 4 July 2006. He is the founder and leader of the Slovak Democratic Coalition (SDK) and then the Slovak Democratic and Christian Union. From 2002 to 2006, his party formed a coalition government with the Christian Democratic Movement, the Alliance of the New Citizen and the Party of the Hungarian Coalition. Mikuláš Dzurinda's 2nd government was labelled as a reformist one, pro-market and most effective one in economic matters in Slovakia since 1993. Carried out reforms included flat tax 19%, pension reform (second pillar), education financing reform (except colleges and universities). During his term Slovakia joined both the European Union and NATO.
Dzurinda later served as Minister of Foreign Affairs in Prime Minister Iveta Radičová's coalition government from 2010 to 2012. On 3 December 2013, Dzurinda was elected as President of the Centre for European Studies, the think-tank of the European People's Party, succeeding Wilfried Martens.Next Slovak parliamentary election
The next Slovak parliamentary election will be held in or before March 2020. All 150 members of the National Council will be elected and the leader of the resultant government will become the Prime Minister.Peter Pellegrini
Peter Pellegrini (born 6 October 1975) is a Slovak politician who is the current Prime Minister of Slovakia, having taken office on 22 March 2018. He has also previously served in many government positions in Slovakia, most recently as Deputy Prime Minister for Investments and Informatization.
Between 2006 and 2012 he was a member of the National Council of Slovakia. He then became State Secretary for Finance, he served in this position until his appointment as Minister for Education, Science, Research and Sport on 3 July 2014. He was Speaker of the National Council between 25 November 2014 and 23 March 2016. After his stint as speaker, he became Deputy Prime Minister for Investments.President of the government
President of the government, chairman of the government, or head of the government is a term used in official statements to describe several Prime Ministers.
Croatia, Prime Minister of Croatia
Greece, Prime Minister of Greece, Πρόεδρος της Κυβέρνησης
Lebanon, Prime Minister of Lebanon
Morocco, President of the Government of Morocco
Philippines, Prime Minister of the Philippines (defunct)
Serbia, Prime Minister of Serbia
Slovenia, Prime Minister of Slovenia
Spain, Prime Minister of Spain, Presidente del Gobierno de España
Vatican City, President of the Pontifical Commission for Vatican City StateChairman of the Government can refer to:
Russia, Prime Minister of Russia
Adjara, Chairman of the Government of Adjara
Slovakia, Prime Minister of Slovakia
Czech Republic, Prime Minister of the Czech RepublicHead of the Government can refer to:
Algeria, Prime Minister of Algeria
Tunisia, Head of Government of Tunisia
Israel, Prime Minister of Israel
Syria, Prime Minister of SyriaRobert Fico
Robert Fico (Slovak pronunciation: [ˈɾɔbɛɾt ˈfitsɔ]; born 15 September 1964) is a Slovak politician who served as Prime Minister of Slovakia from 2012 until his resignation in 2018. Fico also previously served as a Prime Minister from 4 July 2006 to 8 July 2010. He has been the leader of the Direction – Social Democracy (SMER-SD) party since 1999. First elected to Parliament in 1992 (whilst within Czechoslovakia), he was later appointed to the Council of Europe. Following his party's victory in the 2006 parliamentary election, he formed the first Fico Cabinet.
While later in opposition, Fico again sat as a member of parliament, effectively as leader of the opposition. Following a motion of confidence against the Iveta Radičová cabinet, Fico was re-appointed as Prime Minister after leading SMER-SD to a landslide election victory in the 2012 parliamentary election, winning 83 seats and forming a government with an absolute majority in Parliament, the first such since 1989. In 2013, Fico officially declared his candidacy for the 2014 presidential election. In the end Fico lost to his political rival Andrej Kiska in the second round of voting on 29 March 2014.On 15 March 2018, in the wake of the political crisis following the murder of Ján Kuciak, Fico delivered his resignation to President Andrej Kiska, who then formally charged Deputy Prime Minister Peter Pellegrini with the formation of a new government.Vladimír Mečiar
Vladimír Mečiar (Slovak pronunciation: [ˈʋlaɟimiːɾ ˈmɛtʃɪ̯aɾ]; born 26 July 1942) is a Slovak politician who served as Prime Minister of Slovakia three times, from 1990 to 1991, from 1992 to 1994 and from 1994 to 1998. He was the leader of the People's Party - Movement for a Democratic Slovakia (ĽS-HZDS). Mečiar led Slovakia during the dissolution of Czechoslovakia in 1992–93 and was one of the leading presidential candidates in Slovakia in 1999 and 2004. He has been criticized by his opponents as well as by Western political organisations for having an autocratic style of administration and for his connections to organized crime and his years in government became infamously known as Mečiarizmus (Mečiarism - spin off from Communism, due to its autocracy).
Prime Ministers of Slovakia
|First Slovak Republic|
|Slovak Socialist Republic|
Heads of state and government of Europe
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