Prime Minister of Portugal

Prime Minister (Portuguese: Primeiro-Ministro; pronounced [pɾiˈmɐjɾu miˈniʃtɾu]) is the current title of the head of government of Portugal. As head of government, the Prime Minister coordinates the actions of ministers, represents the Government of Portugal to the other bodies of state, is accountable to Parliament and keeps the President informed. The Prime Minister can hold the role of head of government with the portfolio of one or more ministries.

There is no limit to the number of terms a person can serve as Prime Minister. The Prime Minister is appointed by the President of the Republic following legislative elections, after having heard the parties represented in the Parliament. Usually, the person named is the leader of the largest party in the previous election, but there have been exceptions over the years.

Prime Minister of
the Portuguese Republic
da República Portuguesa
Coat of arms of Portugal
Flag of the Prime Minister of Portugal
António Costa 2014 (cropped)
António Costa

since 26 November 2015
StyleHis Excellency[1]
(formal, diplomatic)
Mr. Prime Minister
Member ofCouncil of State
Council of Ministers
European Council
ResidenceSão Bento Mansion
SeatLisbon, Portugal
AppointerPresident of Portugal
Term lengthFour years (Parliament can be dissolved sooner);
No term limits.
Constituting instrumentConstitution of the
Third Republic
Inaugural holderPedro de Sousa Holstein, Marquess of Palmela
Formation24 September 1834
Salary70,023.52 (2015)


Since the Middle Ages, some officers of the Portuguese Crown gained precedence over the others, serving as a kind of prime ministers. Over time, the role of principal officer of the Crown fell upon the chanceler-mor (chancellor), the mordomo-mor (mayor of the palace) and the escrivão da puridade (king's private secretary).

The first modern prime minister of Portugal was Pedro de Sousa Holstein, Marquess of Palmela, who was sworn in on 24 September 1834, as Presidente do Conselho de Ministros (President of the Council of Ministers). In 1911, the official title of the prime minister became Presidente do Ministério (President of the Ministry). In 1933, it became again Presidente do Conselho de Ministros.

The present title Primeiro-Ministro (Prime Minister), attributed to the head of the Government of Portugal, was officially established by the Constitution of 1976 after the revolution of 25 April 1974

Office Holders

The incumbent Prime Minister of Portugal is António Costa, who took office on 26 November 2015 as the 13th Prime Minister of the Third Portuguese Republic.[3] The official residence of the Prime Minister is a mansion next to São Bento Palace, which, in confusion, is also often called "São Bento Palace".

Portuguese Prime Ministers of the Third Portuguese Republic:

Prime Minister's Residence

Passos Coelho cumprimenta o Presidente Peña Nieto à porta do Palacete de São Bento 2014-06-06
The São Bento Mansion.

Just behind the main building of the Assembly of the Republic, there is a mansion that serves as residence and office for the Prime Minister of Portugal. The mansion, dated from 1877, was built within the garden of the old monastery that held the Portuguese Parliament. It has been the Prime Minister's official residence since 1938, when Salazar moved in. Although it is the official residence of the Prime Minister, not all incumbents have lived in the mansion during their term in office.

António Costa, current Prime Minister, doesn't live in the residence.

List of Prime Ministers of Portugal

Term of office in years

Living former Prime Ministers

As of April 2019, there are eight living former Prime Ministers of Portugal, as seen below.

Freitas do Amaral, XV Cimeira Ibero-Americana - Salamanca, Espanha

Diogo de Freitas do Amaral
served 1980–1981,
born 1941 age (77)

Pinto Balsemao

Francisco Pinto Balsemão
served 1981–1983,
born 1937 (age 81)

Aníbal Cavaco Silva 2014

Aníbal Cavaco Silva
served 1985–1995,
born 1939 (age 79)

António Guterres 2013

António Guterres
served 1995–2002,
born 1949 (age 69)

Barroso EPP Summit October 2010

José Manuel Barroso
served 2002–2004,
born 1956 (age 63)

Pedro Santana Lopes 01

Pedro Santana Lopes
served 2004–2005,
born 1956 (age 62)

José Socrates cropped from Dmitry Medvedev in Portugal 20 November 2010-2 (cropped)

José Sócrates
served 2005–2011,
born 1957 (age 61)

Pedro Passos Coelho 1

Pedro Passos Coelho
served 2011–2015,
born 1964 (age 54)

The most recent Prime Minister to die was Mário Alberto Nobre Lopes Soares (served 1976–1978 and 1983–1985), on 7 January 2017 aged 92.

See also


  1. ^ United Nations Protocol and Liaison Service Public List: Heads of State – Heads of Government – Ministers For Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 14 October 2016.
  2. ^ Miguel Santos (23 September 2015). "E agora um tema sensível: os políticos são mal pagos?". Observador (in Portuguese). Lisbon. Retrieved 12 October 2016. O mesmo se aplica ao primeiro-ministro: este ano, Pedro Passos Coelho recebe um salário mensal de 5.001,68 euros brutos, menos 12% do que recebia em 2010, antes dos cortes.
  3. ^ "Portugal Socialist Costa named PM in left-wing coalition". BBC News. 24 November 2015. Retrieved 25 November 2015.

External links

Alfredo de Sá Cardoso

Alfredo Ernesto de Sá Cardoso (June 6, 1864 – April 24, 1950), commonly known as Alfredo de Sá Cardoso (Portuguese pronunciation: [aɫˈfɾedu eɾˈnɛʃtu dɨ ˈsa kɐɾˈdozu]), or just Sá Cardoso, was a Portuguese republican politician of the Portuguese First Republic, who served twice as Prime Minister of Portugal.

António Costa

António Luís Santos da Costa GCIH (born 17 July 1961) is a Portuguese lawyer and politician serving as the 119th and current Prime Minister of Portugal since 26 November 2015. Previously, he was Minister of Parliamentary Affairs from 1997 to 1999, Minister of Justice from 1999 to 2002, Minister of State and Internal Administration from 2005 to 2007, and Mayor of Lisbon from 2007 to 2015. He was elected as Secretary-General of the Socialist Party in September 2014.

António Guterres

António Manuel de Oliveira Guterres (; European Portuguese: [ɐ̃ˈtɔnju ɡuˈtɛʁɨʃ]; born 30 April 1949) is a Portuguese politician and diplomat who is serving as the ninth Secretary-General of the United Nations. Previously, he was the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees between 2005 and 2015.Guterres was the Prime Minister of Portugal from 1995 to 2002 and was the Secretary-General of the Socialist Party from 1992 to 2002. He served as President of the Socialist International from 1999 to 2005.

In both a 2012 and 2014 poll, the Portuguese public ranked him as the best Prime Minister of the previous 30 years.

António Maria da Silva

António Maria da Silva, GCTE (Portuguese pronunciation: [ɐ̃ˈtɔniu mɐˈɾiɐ dɐ ˈsiɫvɐ]; 26 May 1872 in Lisbon – 14 October 1950 in Lisbon) was a Portuguese politician. An engineer, he was a prominent member of the Portuguese Republican Party. He was Prime Minister (President of the Council of Ministers) for four times, during the Portuguese First Republic. After his party victory in the legislative elections of 8 November 1925, he was invited to form government. He led a great campaign against President Manuel Teixeira Gomes, that forced him to resign. He would be the last Prime Minister of the 1st Republic, resigning two days after the 28 May 1926 military movement.

António de Serpa Pimentel

António de Serpa Pimentel (1825, Coimbra – 1900) was Prime Minister of Portugal from 14 January to 11 October 1890. His term in office began as a reaction to the British ultimatum concerning Portuguese colonial policy in southeast Africa. The signing of the "Treaty of London" later that year, which was intended as a step to resolve the crisis, was viewed as further appeasement of a powerful Britain. This led to his resignation and the fall of his government.

Bernardo de Sá Nogueira de Figueiredo, 1st Marquis of Sá da Bandeira

Bernardo de Sá Nogueira de Figueiredo, 1st Marquess de Sá da Bandeira (26 September 1795, in Santarém – 6 January 1876, in Lisbon) was a Portuguese nobleman and politician. He served as Prime Minister of Portugal for five times. He was the most prominent Portuguese defender of the abolition of slavery in Portugal and its domains.

Ernesto Hintze Ribeiro

Ernesto Rodolfo Hintze Ribeiro (Ponta Delgada, Azores Islands, November 7, 1849 – Lisbon, August 1, 1907) was a Portuguese politician, statesman, and peer, who served as Prime Minister of Portugal three times, once during the reign of King Luís I and twice during King Carlos I's reign.

A member of the Regenerator Party, Hintze Ribeiro's reforms in forestry, pharmacy, and autonomy for insular Portugal are the basis of these fields' policies today.

Francisco Cunha Leal

Francisco Pinto da Cunha Leal (Pedrógão, 22 August 1888 – Lisbon, 26 April 1970) was a Portuguese politician during the period of the Portuguese First Republic. He served as 84th Prime Minister of Portugal between 1921 and 1922.

Joaquim António de Aguiar

Joaquim António de Aguiar (Coimbra, 24 August 1792 – Lisbon, 26 May 1884) was a Portuguese politician. He held several relevant political posts during the Portuguese constitutional monarchy, namely as leader of the Cartists and later of the Partido Regenerador (English: Regenerator Party). He was three times prime minister of Portugal: between 1841 and 1842, in 1860 and finally from 1865 to 1868, when he entered a coalition with the Partido Progressista (English: Progressist Party), in what became known as the Governo de Fusão (English: Fusion Government).

He also served as minister of justice during the regency of Peter IV and in that capacity issued the 30 May 1834 law which extinguished "all convents, monasteries, colleges, hospices and any other houses of the regular religious orders". Their vast patrimony was taken over by the Portuguese State and incorporated into the Fazenda Nacional (the National Exchequer). This law and its anti-ecclesiastical spirit earned Joaquim António de Aguiar the nickname "O Mata-Frades" (English: "The Friar-Killer").

José Dias Ferreira

José Dias Ferreira, GCTE (30 November 1837, in Arganil, Pombeiro da Beira – 8 September 1909, in Vidago) was a Portuguese lawyer, politician and jurist, son of António Ferreira Dias (São Martinho, Urgueira, c. 1815 – Aldeia Nova, 27 August 1880) and wife Bernarda Pereira de Vasconcelos (c. 1810 – ?).

He served as a Minister, 18th (4 January 1868), 27th (26 May 1870) and 48th (27 May 1892) Minister for Treasury Affairs and Prime Minister of Portugal from 1892 to 1893 and was the country's most influential civil law scholar during the late 19th century. He was also the 250th Grand Cross of the Order of the Tower and Sword.

José Luciano de Castro

José Luciano de Castro Pereira Corte-Real (December 14, 1834 – March 9, 1914) was a Portuguese politician who served three times as Prime Minister of Portugal. He was one of the founders of the Progressist Party, of which he was the leader from the time of Anselmo José Braamcamp's death in 1885, onward.

Castro was the head of government during the pink-map crisis and the subsequent British ultimatum. The crisis was one of the factors that proved decisive in the fall of the Portuguese constitutional monarchy on 5 October 1910.

José Manuel Barroso

José Manuel Durão Barroso (Portuguese: [ʒuˈzɛ mɐˈnwɛl duˈɾɐ̃w bɐˈʁozu]; born 23 March 1956) is a Portuguese politician and economist, current serving as non-executive Chairman of Goldman Sachs International. He previously served as the 11th President of the European Commission and the 115th Prime Minister of Portugal.

José Relvas

José Maria de Mascarenhas Relvas de Campos (Golegã, Golegã, March 5, 1858 – Alpiarça, Casa dos Patudos, October 31, 1929; Portuguese pronunciation: [ʒuˈzɛ ˈʁɛɫvɐʃ], was a Portuguese politician and 70th Prime Minister of Portugal.

João Crisóstomo de Abreu e Sousa

João Crisóstomo de Abreu e Sousa (Lisbon, January 27, 1811 – Lisbon, January 7, 1895) was an army general who became the Prime Minister of Portugal between October 14, 1890 and January 17, 1892 in a non-partisan government organized by the Liga Liberal (Liberal League).

João do Canto e Castro

João do Canto e Castro da Silva Antunes (19 May 1862; Lisbon – 14 March 1934; Lisbon), commonly known simply as João do Canto e Castro was a Portuguese Navy officer and the fifth President of Portugal, during the First Portuguese Republic. He also briefly served as 67th Prime Minister of Portugal

List of Prime Ministers of Portugal

The Prime Minister of the Portuguese Republic (Portuguese: Primeiro-Ministro da República Portuguesa) is the head of the country's Government. He/she coordinates the actions of all ministers, represents the Government as a whole, reports his actions and is accountable to the Assembly of the Republic, and keeps the President of the Republic informed.

There is no limit to the number of mandates as Prime Minister. He/she is appointed by the President of the Republic, after the legislative elections and after an audience with every leader of a party represented at the Assembly. It is usual for the leader of the party which receives a plurality of votes in the elections to be named Prime Minister.

The official residence of the Prime Minister is a mansion next to São Bento Palace, which, in confusion, is also often called "São Bento Palace", although many Prime Ministers didn't live in the palace during their full mandate.

Pedro Passos Coelho

Pedro Manuel Mamede Passos Coelho (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈpeðɾu mɐnuˈɛɫ mɐˈmɛðɨ ˈpasuʃ kuˈeʎu]; born 24 July 1964) is a Portuguese politician and university teacher who was the 118th Prime Minister of Portugal, in office from 2011 to 2015. He was the leader of the Social Democratic Party (PSD) between 2010 and 2018. Passos Coelho started very early in politics, becoming the national leader of the youth branch of the PSD. A business manager by trade, he led the XIX Governo Constitucional (19th Constitutional Government of Portugal) and the XX Governo Constitucional (20th Constitutional Government) as head of government from 21 June 2011 to 26 November 2015. His term in office oversaw the application of the Troika bailout to Portugal and was marked by a wave of widespread austerity in both Portugal and abroad.

Santa Comba Dão

Santa Comba Dão (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈsɐ̃tɐ ˈkõbɐ ˈðɐ̃w]) is a city and a municipality in the Viseu District in Portugal. The population in 2011 was 11,597, in an area of 111.95 km². The city proper has a population of 3,300.

The present mayor is Leonel Gouveia, elected in 2013 by Socialist Party. The municipal holiday is Ascension Day.

António de Oliveira Salazar, who was the Prime Minister of Portugal from 1932 to 1968 and leader of the Estado Novo, was born in Vimieiro, Santa Comba Dão on 28 April 1889.

The town's station was formerly a terminus of the Dão line to/from Viseu. This narrow gauge railway opened in 1890 and was closed to passengers in 1988.

Santa Comba Dão was granted city status in 1999. In mid-2000s, a serial killer murdered three young women in the municipality.

Álvaro de Castro

Álvaro Xavier de Castro (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈaɫvɐɾu ʃɐviˈɛɾ dɨ ˈkaʃtɾu]) was Prime Minister of Portugal from 20 November to 30 November 1920 and from 18 December 1923 to 6 July 1924.

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