|Prime Minister of Norway
since 16 October 2013
|Style||Her Excellency (informal)|
|Seat||Office of the Prime Minister at:|
Akershus Fortress (temporary) Oslo, Norway
|Term length||No term limits.|
General elections are held every four years. The prime minister is by convention the leader of the party with majority support in parliament.
|Inaugural holder||Frederik Stang (generally regarded as the first incumbent)|
|Website||Government official homepage|
The Prime Minister of Norway (Norwegian: statsminister, literally the "minister of the state") is the head of government of Norway and the most powerful person in Norwegian politics. The Prime Minister and Cabinet (consisting of all the most senior government department heads) are collectively accountable for their policies and actions to the monarch, to the Storting (Parliament of Norway), to their political party, and ultimately the electorate. In practice, since it is nearly impossible for a government to stay in office against the will of the Storting, the prime minister is primarily answerable to the Storting. She or he is almost always the leader of the majority party in the Storting, or the leader of the senior partner in the governing coalition.
Norway has a constitution, which was adopted on 17 May 1814. The position of prime minister is the result of legislation. Modern prime ministers have few statutory powers, but provided they can command the support of their parliamentary party, they can control both the legislature and the executive (the cabinet) and hence wield considerable de facto powers. As of 2019, the Prime Minister of Norway is Erna Solberg, of the Conservative Party.
Unlike their counterparts in the rest of Europe, Norwegian prime ministers do not have the option of advising the king to dissolve the Storting and call a snap election. The constitution requires that the Storting serve out its full four-year term. If the prime minister loses the confidence of the Storting, she or he must resign.
|Nr.||Prime minister||Party||Days||Years, months, days|
|1.||Einar Gerhardsen||Labour Party||6226||17 years and 17 days|
|2.||Johan Nygaardsvold||Labour Party||3750||10 years, 3 months and 5 days|
|3.||Gro Harlem Brundtland||Labour Party||3691||10 years, 1 month and 9 days|
|4.||Jens Stoltenberg||Labour Party||3518||9 years, 7 months and 17 days|
|5.||Gunnar Knudsen||Liberal Party||3383||9 years, 3 months and 4 days|
|6.||Johan Ludwig Mowinckel||Liberal Party||2517||6 years, 10 months and 21 days|
|7.||Kjell Magne Bondevik||Christian Democratic Party||2341||6 years, 4 months and 29 days|
|8.||Johannes Steen||Liberal Party||2311||6 years, 3 months and 30 days|
|9.||Per Borten||Centre Party||1982||5 years, 5 months and 5 days|
|10.||Erna Solberg||Conservative Party||1975||5 years, 4 months and 28 days|
|11.||Odvar Nordli||Labour Party||1847||5 years and 20 days|
As of 2018 five former prime ministers are alive:
Brundtland's First Cabinet was a minority, Labour Government of Norway. It succeeded the Labour Cabinet Nordli, and sat between 4 February 1981 and 14 October 1981. The cabinet was the first in Norwegian history to be led by a woman. It was replaced by the Conservative Willoch's First Cabinet after the 1981 election. Brundtland's cabinet had the following composition.Brundtland's Second Cabinet
Brundtland's Second Cabinet was a minority, Labour Government of Norway. It succeeded the Conservative Willoch's Second Cabinet, and sat between 9 May 1986 and 16 October 1989. It was replaced by the Conservative/Centre/Christian Democrat cabinet Syse after the 1989 election. The cabinet was historic in that 8 of the 18 members were female, to then the highest female share in a government ever in the world. Brundtland's cabinet had the following composition.Brundtland's Third Cabinet
Brundtland's Third Cabinet was a minority, Labour Government of Norway. It succeeded the H-Sp-KrF Cabinet Syse, and sat between 3 November 1990 and 25 October 1996. It was replaced by the Labour Cabinet Jagland. The cabinet was active during two parliaments, both 1989–93 and 1993–97. Brundtlands cabinet had the following composition.Emil Stang
Emil Stang (14 June 1834 – 4 July 1912) was a Norwegian jurist and politician. He became Prime Minister of Norway and was the first chairman of the Conservative Party.Erna Solberg
Erna Solberg (Norwegian: [ˌæːʁnɑ ²suːlbæʁɡ]; born 24 February 1961) is a Norwegian politician serving as Prime Minister of Norway since 2013 and Leader of the Conservative Party since May 2004.Solberg was first elected to be a member of the Storting in 1989 and served as Minister of Local Government and Regional Development in Bondevik's Second Cabinet from 2001 to 2005. During her tenure, she oversaw the tightening of immigration policy and the preparation of a proposed reform of the administrative divisions of Norway. After the 2005 election, she chaired the Conservative Party parliamentary group until 2013. Solberg has emphasized the social and ideological basis of the Conservative policies, although the party also has become visibly more pragmatic.After winning the September 2013 election, she became the 28th Prime Minister of Norway and the second female to hold the position after Gro Harlem Brundtland. Solberg's Cabinet, often referred to informally as the "Blue-Blue Cabinet", is a two-party minority government consisting of the Conservative Party and Progress Party. The cabinet established a formalized co-operation with the Liberal Party and Christian Democratic Party in the Storting. The Government was re-elected in the 2017 election, and was extended to include the Liberal Party in January 2018. This extended minority coalition is informally referred to as the "Blue-Green cabinet." In May 2018, Solberg surpassed Kåre Willoch and became the longest serving Prime Minister of Norway to represent the Conservative party.Gerhardsen's First Cabinet
Gerhardsen's First Cabinet, often called the Unification Cabinet (Norwegian: Samlingsregjeringen), was a Norwegian government appointed to serve under Prime Minister Einar Gerhardsen between 25 July and 5 November 1945, in the aftermath of the Second World War.
The preceding Nygaardsvold's Cabinet had been appointed nine years earlier, but in 1940, just before scheduled elections, Norway was invaded by Germany, and the government had to flee to London. When the war was over, Nygaardsvold's Cabinet abdicated after returning to Norway, and a panpolitical, coalition government was appointed by King Haakon VII to sit until an election for the Parliament of Norway could be held.
The cabinet is noteworthy in Norwegian political history for being the first one to include a woman, Kirsten Hansteen, who was Consultative Councillor of State in the Ministry of Social Affairs, the only one ever to have members from the Communist Party of Norway (one of whom was Hansteen), and the only time the Labour Party sat in a coalition government before Stoltenberg's Second Cabinet was appointed in 2005.Gro Harlem Brundtland
Gro Harlem Brundtland (Norwegian pronunciation: [ˈɡruː ˈhɑːɭɛm ˈbrʉntlɑnː]; born Gro Harlem, 20 April 1939) is a Norwegian politician, who served three terms as Prime Minister of Norway (1981, 1986–89, and 1990–96) and as Director-General of the World Health Organization from 1998 to 2003. She is also known for having chaired the Brundtland Commission which presented the Brundtland Report on sustainable development.
Educated as a physician, Brundtland joined the Labour Party and entered the government in 1974 as Minister of the Environment. She became the first female Prime Minister of Norway on 4 February 1981, but left office on 14 October 1981; she returned as Prime Minister on 9 May 1986 and served until 16 October 1989. She finally returned for her third term on 3 November 1990. From 1981 to 1992 she was leader of the Labour Party. After her surprise resignation as Prime Minister in 1996, she became an international leader in sustainable development and public health, and served as Director-General of the World Health Organization and as UN Special Envoy on Climate Change from 2007 to 2010. She is also deputy chair of The Elders and a former Vice-President of the Socialist International.
Brundtland belonged to the moderate wing of her party and supported Norwegian membership in the European Union during the 1994 referendum. As Prime Minister Brundtland became widely known as the "mother of the nation." Brundtland received the 1994 Charlemagne Prize, and has received many other awards and recognitions.Johannes Steen
Johannes Wilhelm Christian Steen (22 July 1827 - 1 April 1906) was a Norwegian educator who served as Prime Minister of Norway from 1891 to 1893 and from 1898 to 1902.List of heads of government of Norway
This is a list of heads of government of Norway. In the modern era, the head of government has the title prime minister (statsminister). At various times in the past, the highest governmental title has included steward (rigsstatholder), viceroy (vicekonge), and first minister (førstestatsraad)
Until 1873, the king of the personal union between Sweden and Norway governed Norway through two cabinets: one in Stockholm and another in Christiania (now Oslo). The newly created Stockholm cabinet consisted of a prime minister and two ministers, whose role was to convey the attitudes of the Christiania cabinet to the Swedish king.
The cabinet in Christiania was led by a steward (rigsstatholder). For brief periods, the incumbent crown prince was appointed Viceroy of Norway by the king, in which case the viceroy became the highest authority in Christiania.
Whenever the king was present in Christiania, however, he assumed the highest authority, thus putting the governor or viceroy temporarily out of charge. Likewise, when there was no governor, viceroy or king present in Christiania (which was not unusual), the cabinet was led by the first minister, who was the most prominent member of the cabinet.
In July 1873, the position of governor was abolished after being vacant since 1856. Simultaneously, the post of first minister in Christiania was upgraded to Prime Minister of Norway. Although the office of Norwegian Prime Minister in Stockholm still existed, the real power and influence over state affairs was moved to the prime minister in Christiania, while Prime Minister in Stockholm became the second highest cabinet position, responsible for conveying the government's views to the King.
When the union was dissolved in 1905, the position of prime minister in Stockholm was abolished.Stoltenberg's First Cabinet
Stoltenberg's First Cabinet governed Norway between March 17, 2000 and October 19, 2001. The Labour Party cabinet was led by Prime Minister Jens Stoltenberg. It had the following composition.Willoch's First Cabinet
Willoch's First Cabinet was a minority, Conservative Government of Norway. It succeeded Brundtland's First Cabinet (which was a Labour government), after the Conservative victory in the 1981 Storting election; and sat from October 14, 1981 to June 7, 1983. It was replaced by Willoch's Second Cabinet, a coalition of the Conservative, Centre and Christian Democrat parties to form a majority government. Willoch's First Cabinet was the first Conservative-only cabinet since Stang's Second Cabinet of 1893–95, and there has not been another Conservative-only cabinet since.Willoch's Second Cabinet
Willoch's Second Cabinet was a majority, centre-right Conservative/Centre/Christian Democrat Government of Norway. It succeeded the Conservative First cabinet Willoch in mid-term to secure a majority, right-winged government, and sat from 8 June 1983 to 8 May 1986. It survived the 1985 election, but it was replaced by the Labour Brundtland's Second Cabinet, after it failed a vote of confidence in the Parliament of Norway eight months later. Willochs cabinet had the following composition.Wollert Konow (Prime Minister of Norway)
Wollert Konow (16 August 1845 – 15 March 1924) was Prime Minister of Norway from 1910 to 1912. He was the leader of a coalition cabinet. Konow's time as Prime Minister saw the extension of accident insurance to seamen in 1911.
Heads of government of Norway
|First Ministers, 1814–1873|
|Prime Ministers, 1873–1905|
|Prime Ministers, 1905–1940|
|Prime Ministers, 1945–|
Heads of state and government of Europe