The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus takes place in a framework of a semi-presidential representative democratic republic, whereby the President is head of state and the Prime Minister head of government, and of a multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the Assembly of the Republic. The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature. The Prime Minister must control a majority of parliament in order to govern.
There have been ten Prime Ministers of Northern Cyprus since 1983. The premiership's precursor was a post known as the "President of the Turkish Cypriot Communal Chamber". The only man to occupy this post was Rauf Denktaş from December 29, 1969 to July 5, 1976. There were three prime ministers before the Turkish Cypriot community's unilateral declaration of independence in 1983.
The Council of Ministers (Turkish: Bakanlar Kurulu) is the executive branch of the government of the unrecognized state Northern Cyprus, consisting of ministers. The council is chaired by the Prime Minister of Northern Cyprus and the ministers head executive departments of the government. The President of Northern Cyprus reserved the right to chair the Council of Ministers, albeit without voting. The maximum number of ministries, as defined by the constitution, is ten.The Council of Ministers is appointed by the Prime Minister, and the program of the government needs to be read out in the Assembly of the Republic within a week of the appointment. The cabinet then needs to receive a vote of confidence by the majority of the members of the Assembly. A vote of no confidence can be initiated after three months has elapsed, by nine members of the Assembly.Deputy Prime Minister of Northern Cyprus
The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus takes place in a framework of a semi-presidential representative democratic republic, whereby the President is head of state and the Prime Minister head of government, and of a multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the Assembly of the Republic. The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature. The Prime Minister must control a majority of parliament in order to govern. The office of the Deputy Prime Minister is not a permanent position, existing only at the discretion of the Prime Minister.
Unlike analogous offices in some other nations, such as a vice-presidency, the Deputy Prime Minister possesses no special constitutional powers under the Constitution of Northern Cyprus as such, though they will always have particular responsibilities in government. They do not assume the duties and powers of the Prime Minister in the latter's absence, illness, or death. The Deputy Prime Minister does not automatically succeed the Prime Minister when the latter is incapacitated, or resigns from the leadership of his or her party. The designation of someone to the role of Deputy Prime Minister may provide additional practical status within the cabinet, enabling exercise of de facto, if not de jure, power.
In a coalition government, such as the Özgürgün cabinet between the National Unity Party and Democratic Party, the appointment of the leader of the smaller party (in this case, Serdar Denktaş, leader of the Democratic Party) as Deputy Prime Minister is done to give that person more authority within the cabinet to enforce the coalition's agreed-upon agenda. The Deputy Prime Minister usually deputises for the Prime Minister at official functions. The current Erhürman cabinet has Kudret Özersay as the Deputy Prime Minister, receiving the seniority as the leader of the second biggest party (People's Party) of the 4-party coalition.Derviş Eroğlu
Derviş Eroğlu (born March 7, 1938) is a Turkish Cypriot politician, who served as the third President of Northern Cyprus. Previously, he was Prime Minister (1985–94, 1996–2004 and again 2009–10) and twice-leader of the National Unity Party. He became President on 23 April 2010, serving until 30 April 2015.Famagusta Namık Kemal High School
Famagusta Namık Kemal High School is a secondary school located in Famagusta, Northern Cyprus. It was founded in 1944. Many famous Cypriots have graduated from Famagusta Namık Kemal High School.Hüseyin Özgürgün
Hüseyin Özgürgün (born 1965) is a Turkish Cypriot politician and a former Prime Minister of Northern Cyprus. He is the current leader of the National Unity Party (UBP). He was formerly the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus. From 23 April to 17 May 2010 he was also Acting Prime Minister. Moreover, he was prime minister of Northern Cyprus from 16 April 2016 to 2 February 2018.List of Cypriots
The following is a list of Cypriots notable enough to have their own article. They are sorted by field, then by surname (both in alphabetical order).List of Prime Ministers of Northern Cyprus
This is a chronological list of every government formed by the Prime Ministers of Northern Cyprus. A new number is allocated to each new Prime Minister.Mehmet Ali Talat
Mehmet Ali Talat (born 6 July 1952) is a Turkish Cypriot politician who served as the President of Northern Cyprus from 2005 to 2010. Talat is the leader of the social democratic Republican Turkish Party (Turkish: Cumhuriyetçi Türk Partisi, CTP), having previously held this position between 1996 and 2005. He became prime minister in 2004, and subsequently won the presidential election held on 17 April 2005. Talat was inaugurated on 25 April 2005, succeeding retiring leader Rauf Denktaş. He lost the presidential election of 2010 and was replaced by Derviş Eroğlu as President.Mustafa Çağatay
Mustafa Çağatay was a Turkish Cypriot politician who served as the Prime Minister of the Turkish Federated State of Cyprus (TFSC) and the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus. He held this office from 1978 to 1983. He was born in Limassol April 20, 1937 and died on April 3, 1989 in a traffic accident in Kyrenia.Nejat Konuk
Nejat Konjuk (1928 – 31 December 2014) was a former prime minister of Northern Cyprus, He held this office twice, once from 1976 to 1978 and a second time from 1983 to 1985. He was born in Nicosia in 1928.
Born in 1928 in Nicosia, Cyprus, Osman Nejat Konuk completed his primary and secondary education in Nicosia. In 1951, he graduated with a degree in Law from the Ankara Faculty of Law, Turkey.
Following his graduation he worked in Turkey in the public sector as legal advisor (Bursa Forestry Department. He left public service in 1955 and worked as an independent lawyer until 1960. In 1960 he returned to Cyprus and assumed the role of General Secretary at the newly formed Turkish Community Parliament in Cyprus (Türk Cemaat Meclisi), followed by a role as the Undersecretary to the Turkish Cypriot Leader.
With the establishment of the transitional Autonomous Turkish Cypriot Administration when Rauf Denktaş became Vice-Turkish Cypriot Leader, he was appointed as Denktaş’s Undersecretary. In 1969, Konuk portfolio was changed when he was appointed to be the Undersecretary of Justice and Interior.
At the 5 July 1970 general elections, he was elected to the Turkish Cypriot Community Parliament, representing Nicosia district. In the new Executive Board (government) of the Turkish Cypriot Community he was tasked with the Justice and Interior Affairs portfolio.
On 24 February 1975 on the first plenary meeting of the Parliament of the Turkish Federated State of Cyprus (KTFD) he became a member of the government and then elected as the General Secretary of his party, National Unity Party. At the 1976 general elections he was re-elected to the parliament from Nicosia. With NUP majority Konuk was appointed to form the first government of the newly formed KTFD and served as Prime Minister until he resigned from both the post and from his party in 1978.
He joined the Democratic Peoples’ Party (DHP) and became its leader.
He was re-elected to the parliament as a DHP MP for Nicosia. In the 1983 constituent assembly of the newly formed Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus he served as Nicosia MP and was appointed to the Premiership of the new republic serving between 1983 and 1985. In 1985 Konuk retired from active politics.Osman Örek
Osman Nuri Örek (December 26, 1925 – 24 March 1999) was a Turkish Cypriot politician, lawyer, author, and academic. He was born in Nicosia.
Upon the declaration of the Republic of Cyprus, Osman Örek became the first minister of defence of the new republic as well as being elected as the member of parliament for the Nicosia district. Örek also served as the prime minister of Northern Cyprus, holding this office during a short period from April 21, 1978 to December 15, 1978.He died in London, on 24 March 1999 at the age of 73.Republican Turkish Party
The Republican Turkish Party (Turkish: Cumhuriyetçi Türk Partisi, CTP) is a social-democratic political party in Northern Cyprus. The party was founded in 1970 by Ahmet Mithat Berberoğlu, a lawyer, in opposition to the leadership of Fazıl Küçük and Rauf Denktaş.
On 30 June 2008, the Republican Turkish Party became a consultative member of the Socialist International (voted in by all members except the Greek Cypriot Movement for Social Democracy). It became a full member of the organization in 2014.Sibel Siber
Sibel Siber (born 13 December 1960) is a Turkish Cypriot politician. She served as the Prime Minister of Northern Cyprus between 13 June 2013, following the fall of the government of İrsen Küçük in a vote of no confidence, and 2 September 2013. She was the first woman to occupy this post. As of November 2015, Siber was the Speaker of Parliament, the Assembly of the Republic of Northern Cyprus. She was the second woman to occupy this post, after Fatma Ekenoğlu.Tufan Erhürman
Tufan Erhürman (born 1970) is a Turkish Cypriot academic, lawyer, diplomat and the current Prime Minister of Northern Cyprus. A scholar in public law by profession, he served in the negotiations to solve the Cyprus dispute between 2008 and 2010. He previously worked for the Ministry of Justice of Turkey between 1999 and 2004 and worked for the establishment of the position of ombudsman in Turkey. He is the current leader of Republican Turkish Party.Türk Maarif Koleji
Türk Maarif Koleji (Turkish pronunciation: [ˈtyɾc maaɾif koleʒi]), commonly referred to as Kolej, is an influential selective secondary education institute in Nicosia, Northern Cyprus. Access to the school is only open to students with top score in a nationwide entrance exam. It is an English-medium school.
The school is famous with their highly successful academic programme, consecutively receiving national and international awards. The school is also very successful in sports, musical competitions and science olympiads.
The school follows the English curriculum, preparing students for the International General Certificate of Secondary Education and the GCE Advanced Level examinations. However, students are allowed to follow the Turkish curriculum from Year 10 if they choose to prepare for Yükseköğretim Kurumları Sınavı. All students receive Devlet Lise Diploması following their graduation.Women in Northern Cyprus
The women in Northern Cyprus are inhabitants of the internationally unrecognised Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, where they have been contributors to the fields of science, law and justice. However, several factors have inhibited women's participation in politics, and women constitute only 8% of the Assembly of the Republic. In 2013, Sibel Siber became the first female prime minister of Northern Cyprus.
Northern Cyprus has no active women's shelters. In 2014, the parliament unanimously voted to establish a department promoting gender equality, which is establishing institutions for women's welfare.Ömer Kalyoncu
Ömer Soyer Kalyoncu (born 1950) is a Turkish Cypriot politician who was the Prime Minister of Northern Cyprus between 16 July 2015 and April 2016.
Kalyoncu was born in Kyrenia in 1950. He studied chemical engineering in the Middle East Technical University, and took part in student associations during his student life. Upon his return to Cyprus, he became first an administrator, then the leader of the Association of Revolutionary Youth.He became a member of the Republican Turkish Party (CTP) in 1973, and rose to high positions, including the membership of the Central Administrative Board (Turkish: Merkez Yönetim Kurulu, MYK). He was first elected to the Assembly of the Republic from the Girne District in the parliamentary election of 1993. He was the Minister of Labor and Social Security between 11 December 1995 and 16 August 1996. He was re-elected to the parliament in parliamentary election of 1998 and parliamentary election of 2003 and subsequently became the Minister of Public Works and Transportation in the CTP-DP coalition till 2005.In 2011, Kalyoncu ran for the leadership of the party. In an election in the party congress against Özkan Yorgancıoğlu and Mehmet Çağlar, he came second and the election was scheduled to have a run-off between him and Yorgancıoğlu. However, Kalyoncu withdrew as he had previously announced, and Yorgancıoğlu became the leader.In June 2015, after Mehmet Ali Talat assumed leadership of the CTP, the cabinet under former party leader Özkan Yorgancıoğlu fell. Kalyoncu was tasked with forming the new government. On 9 July 2015, it was announced that the government would be formed with the National Unity Party.Özkan Yorgancıoğlu
Özkan Yorgancıoğlu (born 1 August 1954) is a Turkish Cypriot politician who has been Prime Minister of Northern Cyprus (TRNC) between 2 September 2013 and 16 July 2015. He is also the leader of the Republican Turkish Party.İrsen Küçük
İrsen Küçük (1940 – 10 March 2019) was a Turkish Cypriot politician who was Prime Minister of Northern Cyprus. He is the nephew of Republic of Cyprus's first Vice-President Dr Fazıl Küçük.
Northern Cyprus articles
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