The Prime Minister of North Macedonia, officially the President of the Government of the Republic of North Macedonia (Macedonian: Претседател на Владата на Република Северна Македонија; Albanian: Kryeministri i Republikës së Maqedonisë së Veriut), is the head of government of North Macedonia. He or she is the leader of a political coalition in the North Macedonian parliament (the Sobranie) and the leader of the cabinet. The current Prime Minister is Zoran Zaev, who has served since 31 May 2017.
|Prime Minister of North Macedonia
Претседател на Владата на Република Северна Македонија
Kryeministri i Republikës së Maqedonisë së Veriut
since 31 May 2017
|Appointer||President of North Macedonia|
|Term length||No term limit|
|Inaugural holder||Nikola Kljusev|
27 January 1991
|Formation||Constitution of North Macedonia|
16 April 1991
|Portrait||Term of office||Political Party|
|Minister for Macedonia|
|7 March 1945||1945||Communist Party of Macedonia|
|16 April 1945||1953||Communist Party of Macedonia|
renamed in 1952 to
League of Communists of Macedonia
|Chairmen of the Executive Council|
|1953||December 1953||League of Communists of Macedonia|
|December 1953||1961||League of Communists of Macedonia|
|1961||1965||League of Communists of Macedonia|
|1965||1968||League of Communists of Macedonia|
|1968||March 1974||League of Communists of Macedonia|
|March 1974||29 April 1982||League of Communists of Macedonia|
|29 April 1982||June 1986||League of Communists of Macedonia|
|June 1986||27 January 1991||League of Communists of Macedonia|
|Portrait||Elected||Term of office||Political Affiliation|
|1990||27 January 1991||17 August 1992||Independent|
|1994||17 August 1992||30 November 1998||Social Democratic Union of Macedonia|
|1998||30 November 1998||1 November 2002||VMRO-DPMNE|
|2002||1 November 2002||12 May 2004||Social Democratic Union of Macedonia|
|—||12 May 2004||2 June 2004||Social Democratic Union of Macedonia|
|—||2 June 2004||18 November 2004||Independent|
Social Democratic Union of Macedonia
|—||18 November 2004||17 December 2004||Social Democratic Union of Macedonia|
|—||17 December 2004||27 August 2006||Social Democratic Union of Macedonia|
|27 August 2006||18 January 2016||VMRO–DPMNE|
|—||18 January 2016||31 May 2017||VMRO–DPMNE|
|2016||31 May 2017||Incumbent||Social Democratic Union of Macedonia|
Denmark–North Macedonia relations refers to the bilateral relations between the Kingdom of Denmark and the Republic of North Macedonia. The Danish embassy in Vienna, Austria is responsible for its relations with North Macedonia and North Macedonia has an embassy in Copenhagen. Denmark recognized North Macedonia on 16 December 1993. Denmark has had an ambassador in Vienna accredited with North Macedonia since January 1994. North Macedonia has maintained an embassy in Copenhagen since 1996. On 1 April 2002, Danish Foreign Minister Per Stig Møller visited North Macedonia, where he met the Prime Minister of North Macedonia Ljupčo Georgievski.Denmark assists North Macedonia in strengthening civil society and free media. In the South East Europe Programme, Denmark assists in the four main areas: youth, refugees and displaced persons, human rights, and Mass media. 159 million DKK has been given to the programme, and 73 million DKK again in 2004.List of Speakers of the Assembly of the Republic of North Macedonia
This article lists the Speakers of the Assembly of North Macedonia, from the establishment of ASNOM in 1944 to the present day.List of ambassadors of North Macedonia to the United States
The North Macedonia ambassador in Washington, D.C. is the official representative of the Government of North Macedonia to the Government of the United States.
In 1995, the Administration of Bill Clinton recognized the government of Branko Crvenkovski in Skopje (North Macedonia) .Nikola Kljusev
Nikola Kljusev (Macedonian: Никола Кљусев) (October 2, 1927 – January 16, 2008) was a Macedonian academician and politician. Kljusev served as the first Prime Minister of North Macedonia from January 27, 1991 until August 17, 1992, following the country's independence from the former Federation in 1991.North Macedonia
North Macedonia, officially the Republic of North Macedonia, is a country in the Balkan Peninsula in Southeast Europe. It is one of the successor states of the former Yugoslavia, from which it declared independence in September 1991 under the name Republic of Macedonia.
The country became a member of the United Nations in April 1993, but as a result of a dispute with Greece over the name, it was admitted under the provisional description the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (abbreviated as FYR Macedonia and FYROM), a term that was also used by some other international organisations. In June 2018, Macedonia and Greece resolved the conflict with an agreement that the country should rename itself Republic of North Macedonia. This renaming came into effect in February 2019, with a several-months-long transition for passports, licence plates, currency, customs, border signs, and government websites, among other things.A landlocked country, North Macedonia has borders with Kosovo to the northwest, Serbia to the northeast, Bulgaria to the east, Greece to the south, and Albania to the west. It constitutes approximately the northern third of the larger geographical region of Macedonia, which also comprises the neighbouring parts of northern Greece and southwestern Bulgaria. The country's geography is defined primarily by mountains, valleys, and rivers. The capital and largest city, Skopje, is home to roughly a quarter of the nation's 2.06 million inhabitants. The majority of the residents are ethnic Macedonians, a South Slavic people. Albanians form a significant minority at around 25%, followed by Turks, Romani, Serbs, Bosniaks, Aromanians, and Bulgarians.
The history of the region dates back to antiquity, beginning with the kingdom of Paeonia, probably a mixed Thraco-Illyrian polity. In the late sixth century BC, the area was incorporated into the Persian Achaemenid Empire, then annexed by the kingdom of Macedonia in the fourth century BC. The Romans conquered the region in the second century BC and made it part of the much larger province of Macedonia. Τhe area remained part of the Byzantine (Eastern Roman) Empire, but was often raided and settled by Slavic tribes beginning in the sixth century of the Christian era. Following centuries of contention between the Bulgarian, Byzantine, and Serbian Empire, it was part of the Ottoman dominion from the mid-14th until the early 20th century, when following the Balkan Wars of 1912 and 1913, the modern territory of North Macedonia came under Serbian rule. During the First World War (1915–1918) it was ruled by Bulgaria, but after the end of the war, it returned under Serbian rule as part of the newly formed Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes. Later, during the Second World War (1941–1944), it was ruled by Bulgaria again, and in 1945 it was established as a constituent communist republic into the Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia, which it remained until its peaceful secession in 1991.
North Macedonia is a parliamentary republic and member of the UN and of the Council of Europe. Since 2005, it has also been a candidate for joining the European Union and has applied for NATO membership. One of the poorest countries in Europe, North Macedonia has made significant progress in developing an open, market-based economy.North Macedonia–Slovenia relations
North Macedonia–Slovenia relations are foreign relations between the Republic of North Macedonia and the Republic of Slovenia. The two countries have very close political and economic relations. Once part of SFR Yugoslavia, the two republics declared independence in 1991 (Slovenia in June, North Macedonia in September) and recognised each other's independence on 12 February 1992. Diplomatic relations between both countries were established on 17 March 1992. Slovenia supports North Macedonia's sovereignty, territorial integrity, its Euro-integration and visa liberalisation. A significant number of Slovenian investments ended up in North Macedonia. In 2007, about 70 million euros were invested. In January 2009, the prime minister of North Macedonia Nikola Gruevski announced, that he expects more Slovenian investments in infrastructure and energy projects. Over 70 Slovenian companies are present on the market of North Macedonia.Official state car
An official state car is a vehicle used by a government to transport its head of state or head of government in an official capacity, which may also be used occasionally to transport other members of the government or visiting dignitaries from other countries. A few countries bring their own official state car for state visits to other countries, for instance, the United States, Russia and the United Kingdom. It also may serve as an automotive symbol of the head of state and their country. Part of the criteria for an official state car is to have adequate security, capability and stateliness for its duty. A limousine, executive car or sport utility vehicle is usually selected.
Due to the high security risk for the passengers, these vehicles are often heavily secured and protected. Vehicles may be armored by the manufacturer or an after-market specialist. (In this article the term "armored car" invariably means a reinforced civilian vehicle, not the military vehicle often so named.) When carrying an important passenger, state vehicles may be surrounded by a motorcade consisting of police or military personnel. The vehicle's driver might also be from the law enforcement or military pool; the driver of the United States Presidential State Car is an experienced agent from the Secret Service, Russian President's driver is a ranking officer of the Federal Protective Service, and the British Prime Minister is driven by a Specialist Protection officer from the Metropolitan Police Service.
For state visits and international conferences, the host country usually supplies the ground transportation and security personnel. However, a few countries transport their official state cars to the destination.
In countries that have indigenous automobile manufacturers, the government will usually commission one of the national automakers to provide a state car, or allow several to provide cars for an official state fleet. It is considered an honour for a car manufacturer to be selected to provide a state car for their respective country and a demonstration of the confidence of a government in their national industry. For example, the President of the United States currently uses a Cadillac with special undisclosed security features commissioned by the United States government and built by General Motors, with Lincoln, manufactured by Ford Motor Company and Chrysler vehicles having been used in the past, representing the three major American manufacturers. Soviet leaders used the custom-built limousines by the ZiL company, and though the Russian Presidents have switched to the Mercedes-Benz S-Class due to ZiL's decline after the Dissolution of the Soviet Union, Vladimir Putin has commissioned a new official state car from the national automotive establishment, which was delivered in early 2018. The Emperor of Japan uses a Toyota Century, the Prime Minister of Italy uses a Maserati, the Prime Minister of Malaysia uses a Proton Perdana, the President of the Czech Republic rides a Škoda Superb, and the British monarch uses a Bentley. Members of the British Royal Family are driven in Jaguars, though other makes may be used in other Commonwealth realms. The President of France can choose from cars manufactured by Renault or PSA Peugeot Citroën, and all major German manufacturers (Mercedes-Benz, BMW and Volkswagen Group) are represented in Germany's pool of vehicles available for use by state officials.
For countries without major indigenous manufacturers, an official state car may be purchased from a suitable manufacturer in a nation with strong economic and diplomatic ties. Canada exclusively uses state cars manufactured by the Detroit Three, many of which are made in Canadian factories, with the United States and American car manufacturers having a historically strong relationship with Canada.
In some cases state cars may bear standard number plates; in others special or no plates are used.
The following information lists some state cars and their users of sovereign states and other territories; the list is likely to be out of date in some cases as incumbents and cars change.Ohrid
Ohrid (Macedonian: Охрид [ˈɔxrit] (listen)) is a city in North Macedonia, the seat of Ohrid Municipality. It is the largest city on Lake Ohrid and the eighth-largest city in the country, with over 42,000 inhabitants as of 2002. Ohrid once had 365 churches, one for each day of the year, and has been referred to as a "Jerusalem (of the Balkans)". The city is rich in picturesque houses and monuments, and tourism is predominant. It is located southwest of Skopje, west of Resen and Bitola. In 1979 and in 1980 respectively, Ohrid and Lake Ohrid were accepted as Cultural and Natural World Heritage Sites by UNESCO. Ohrid is one of only 28 sites that are part of UNESCO's World Heritage that are Cultural as well as Natural sites.President of North Macedonia
The President of the Republic of North Macedonia (Macedonian: Претседател на Република Северна Македонија; Albanian: Presidenti i Republikës së Maqedonisë së Veriut) is the head of state of North Macedonia. The institution of the Presidency of the modern North Macedonia state began after the Macedonian declaration of independence on 8 September 1991. Its first president was Kiro Gligorov, the oldest president in the world until his resignation in 1999. The North Macedonia presidency is largely a ceremonial post and the Prime Minister of North Macedonia is the country's leading political figure and de facto chief executive.
The president must be a citizen of North Macedonia, be over 40 years of age and have lived in North Macedonia for at least ten of the previous fifteen years.Radmila Šekerinska
Radmila Šekerinska Jankovska (Macedonian: Радмила Шекеринска Јанковска [ˈradmila ʃɛˈkɛrinska] (listen); born 10 June 1972) is the former leader of the Social Democratic Union of Macedonia (SDSM) and current Minister of Defence of the Republic of North Macedonia.
Šekerinska was previously Deputy Prime Minister for European Integration and National Coordinator for Foreign Assistance of the Republic of North Macedonia and also was the acting Prime Minister of North Macedonia from May 12, 2004 until June 12, 2004 and from November 3, 2004 until December 15, 2004. She was elected November 5, 2006 the SDUM leader.Šekerinska was elected President of the Social Democratic Union of Macedonia at the party Congress following a no-confidence motion against the former leader Vlado Bučkovski. She left the position after September 2008 party congress. Zoran Zaev was appointed as her successor until May 2009, when president Branko Crvenkovski's term ended.During her term as a deputy Prime Minister responsible for European Affairs, the European Council in December 2005 granted the Republic of North Macedonia a status of candidate country for accession to the European Union.Ss. Cyril and Methodius University of Skopje
The Saints Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje (Macedonian: Универзитет „Св. Кирил и Методиј“ во Скопје) is the largest university in North Macedonia. It was named after the Byzantine Christian theologians and missionaries Cyril and Methodius, originated from Thessalonica, and considered as the 'apostles of the Slavs', enlighteners who developed the precursors to the Cyrillic script used today in most Slavic languages. More than 50,000 students study at the Skopje University, including some 700 foreign students. Furthermore, the teaching and research staff number 2,390 people; this is further supported by over 300 members in the university's institutions.
The primary language of instruction is Macedonian, but there are a number of courses which are carried out in English, German, French, Italian and minority languages.Strumica
Strumica (Macedonian: Струмица [ˈstrumit͡sa] (listen)) is the largest city in eastern Republic of North Macedonia, near the Novo Selo-Petrich border crossing with Bulgaria. About 100,000 people live in the region surrounding the city. It is named after the Strumica River which runs through it. The city of Strumica is the seat of Strumica Municipality.Zoran Zaev
Zoran Zaev (Macedonian: Зоран Заев; born 8 October 1974) is a Macedonian economist and politician who has served as the Prime Minister of North Macedonia since 31 May 2017. Prior to taking office as Prime Minister, Zaev was a member of the North Macedonian parliament between 2003 and 2005, and mayor of Strumica between 2005 and 2016. He is president of the center-left Social Democratic Union.
North Macedonia articles
Prime Ministers of North Macedonia
|Prime Minister of SR Macedonia (1945–1953)|
|Presidents of the Executive Council|
of SR Macedonia (1953–1991)
|Prime Ministers of FYR Macedonia (1991–2019)|
and of North Macedonia (since 2019)
Heads of state and government of Europe