Prime Minister of Montenegro

The Prime Minister of Montenegro (Montenegrin: Premijer Crne Gore) (Premier of Montenegro), is the head of the Government of Montenegro. The role of the Prime Minister is to direct the work of the Government, and to submit to the Parliament the Government's Program, including a list of proposed ministers. The resignation of the Prime Minister will cause the fall of the Government.

The current Prime Minister, Duško Marković, member of the Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro, was elected by the Parliament on 28 November 2016.

Premier of Montenegro
Coat of arms of Montenegro
PM Dusko Markovic
Incumbent
Duško Marković

since 28 November 2016
AppointerParliament of Montenegro
Term lengthNo term limit
Inaugural holderDuke Božo Petrović-Njegoš
Formation20 March 1879
Websitewww.gov.me

History of the office

The first modern Montenegrin government was established on March 20, 1879, during the Principality of Montenegro. The title of the head of government was President of the Ministerial Council. On August 28, 1910 Montenegro was proclaimed a Kingdom. During both Principality and Kingdom, the office was of no major importance or influence but depended solely on the will of the Prince (later King) Nikola I.

After the capitulation of Montenegro to the Central Powers on January 15, 1916 during World War I, the Government went into exile and remained abroad until it ceased to exist.

After the decision of the Podgorica Assembly on November 26, 1918 to unify Montenegro with Serbia and the subsequent formation of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, Stojan Protić became the Prime Minister of the newly formed Kingdom on December 20, 1918. However, the deposed King Nikola I continued to appoint Prime Ministers of Montenegro in exile until his death in 1921. The Government of Montenegro in exile ceased to exist shortly afterwards, in 1922.

Under the communist regime, Montenegro obtained its own government on March 7, 1945. On that day, a ministry for Montenegro was created within the government of Yugoslavia (as for all the other five republics), with a Minister for Montenegro in charge of creating the first real government of post-war Montenegro, which took place on April 17, 1945. Governments were headed by a Prime Minister until February 4, 1953, by a President of the Executive Council until January 15, 1991, and again by a Prime Minister since then.

List of Prime Ministers

Monarchy

  True People's Party   People's Party   Non-party

Head of Government Term of office Political party Monarch
Principality of Montenegro Nikola I
Nikola-Montenegro
(1860–1921)
1 Božo Petrović vojvoda Duke
Božo Petrović
(1846–1929)
20 March 1879 19 December 1905 Independent
2 Lazar Mijuškovic 1916 Lazar Mijušković
(1867–1936)
19 December 1905 24 November 1906 True People's Party
3 Unknown-person Marko Radulović
(1866–1935)
24 November 1906 1 February 1907 People's Party
4 Andrija Radovic Andrija Radović
(1872–1947)
1 February 1907 17 April 1907 People's Party
5 Dr Lazar Tomanović Lazar Tomanović
(1845–1932)
17 April 1907 28 August 1910 Independent
Kingdom of Montenegro
(5) Dr Lazar Tomanović Lazar Tomanović
(1845–1932)
28 August 1910 19 June 1912 Independent
6 Mitar Martinovich Min of Montenegro Vojvoda
Mitar Martinović
(1870–1954)
19 June 1912 8 May 1913 True People's Party
7 Brigadir Janko Vukotic Serdar
Janko Vukotić
(1866–1927)
8 May 1913 16 July 1915 Independent
8 Milo Matanović General
Milo Matanović
(1879–1955)
16 July 1915 2 January 1916 Independent
(2) Lazar Mijuškovic 1916 Lazar Mijušković
(1867–1936)
2 January 1916 25 January 1916 True People's Party
Montenegrin government-in-exile.
(2) Lazar Mijuškovic 1916 Lazar Mijušković
(1867–1936)
25 January 1916 12 May 1916 True People's Party
(4) Andrija Radovic Andrija Radović
(1872–1947)
12 May 1916 17 January 1917 People's Party
(8) Milo Matanović General
Milo Matanović
(1879–1955)
17 January 1917 11 June 1917 Independent
9 Evgenije Popović Evgenije Popović
(1842–1931)
11 June 1917 17 February 1919 Independent
10 Anto Gvozdenović (cropped) General
Anto Gvozdenović
(1853–1935)
17 February 1919 1 March 1921 Independent
11 Jovan Plamenac Jovan Plamenac
(1873–1944)
1 March 1921 13 January 1922 True People's Party Michael
Mihailo Petrovich Negosh
(1921–1922)
12 Unknown-person General
Milutin Vučinić
(1869–1922)
13 January 1922 13 February 1922 Independent
(10) Anto Gvozdenović (cropped) General
Anto Gvozdenović
(1853–1935)
13 February 1922 13 July 1922 Independent

Socialist Republic

  Communist Party / League of Communists

Head of Government Took office Left office Political party
Minister for Montenegro
N/A Milovan Đilas Milovan Đilas
(1911–1995)
7 March 1945 17 April 1945 Comnunist Party
Prime Minister of NR Montenegro
N/A Blažo Jovanović General
Blažo Jovanović
(1907–1976)
17 April 1945 4 February 1953 Communist Party (renamed)



League of Communists

President of the Executive Council
1
(13)
Blažo Jovanović General
Blažo Jovanović
(1907–1976)
4 February 1953 16 December 1953 League of Communists
2
(14)
Unknown-person Filip Bajković
(1910–1985)
16 December 1953 12 July 1962 League of Communists
3
(15)
Unknown-person Đorđije Pajković
(1917–1980)
12 July 1962 25 June 1963 League of Communists
4
(16)
Veselin Đuranović Veselin Đuranović
(1925–1997)
25 June 1963 8 December 1966 League of Communists
5
(17)
Unknown-person Mijuško Šibalić
(1915–1995)
8 December 1966 5 May 1967 League of Communists
6
(18)
Vidoje Zarkovic Vidoje Žarković
(1927–2000)
5 May 1967 7 October 1969 League of Communists
7
(19)
Unknown-person Žarko Bulajić
(1922–2009)
7 October 1969 6 May 1974 League of Communists
8
(20)
Marko Orlandić Marko Orlandić
(1930–)
6 May 1974 28 April 1978 League of Communists
9
(21)
Unknown-person Momčilo Cemović
(1928–2001)
28 April 1978 7 May 1982 League of Communists
10
(22)
Unknown-person Radivoje Brajović
(1935–)
7 May 1982 6 June 1986 League of Communists
11
(23)
Unknown-person Vuko Vukadinović
(1937–1993)
6 June 1986 29 March 1989 League of Communists
12
(24)
Stevan Kragujevic,Radoje Kontic, jugoslovenski i crnogorski politicar Radoje Kontić
(1937–)
29 March 1989 15 February 1991 League of Communists

Republic

  Democratic Party of Socialists

Head of Government Elected Term of office Political party President
Republic of Montenegro Momir Bulatović
Momir Bulatović (cropped)
(1990–1998)
Prime Minister
1
(25)
Milo Đukanović in 2010 (cropped) Milo Đukanović
(1962–)
1990
1992
1996
15 February 1991 5 February 1998 Democratic Party of Socialists
2
(26)
FilipVujanovic Filip Vujanović
(1954–)
1998
2001
5 February 1998 8 January 2003 Democratic Party of Socialists Milo Đukanović
Milo Đukanović in 2010 (cropped)
(1998–2002)
(1)
(25)
Milo Đukanović in 2010 (cropped) Milo Đukanović
(1962–)
2002 8 January 2003 21 May 2006 Democratic Party of Socialists Filip Vujanović
FilipVujanovic
(2003–2018)
Independent Montenegro
Prime Minister
(1)
(25)
Milo Đukanović in 2010 (cropped) Milo Đukanović
(1962–)
 — 21 May 2006 10 November 2006 Democratic Party of Socialists
3
(27)
Unknown-person Željko Šturanović
(1960–2014)
2006 10 November 2006 29 February 2008 Democratic Party of Socialists
(1)
(25)
Milo Đukanović in 2010 (cropped) Milo Đukanović
(1962–)
2009 29 February 2008 29 December 2010 Democratic Party of Socialists
4
(28)
Igor Lukšic - World Economic Forum on Europe 2011 Igor Lukšić
(1976–)
 — 29 December 2010 4 December 2012 Democratic Party of Socialists
(1)
(25)
Milo Đukanović in 2010 (cropped) Milo Đukanović
(1962–)
2012 4 December 2012 28 November 2016 Democratic Party of Socialists
5
(29)
PM Dusko Markovic Duško Marković
(1959–)
2016 28 November 2016 Incumbent Democratic Party of Socialists Milo Đukanović
Milo Đukanović in 2010 (cropped)
(2018–present)

Living former Prime Ministers

Name Term Date of birth
Marko Orlandić 1974–1978 28 September 1930
Radivoje Brajović 1982–1986 11 January 1935
Radoje Kontić 1989–1991 31 May 1937
Milo Đukanović 1991–1998,
2003–2006,
2008–2010,
2012–2016
15 February 1962
Filip Vujanović 1998–2003 1 September 1954
Igor Lukšić 2010–2012 14 June 1976

See also

External links

2013 Podgorica bus crash

On June 23, 2013, 19 people, all Romanians, were killed and another 28 wounded in a bus crash near Podgorica in Montenegro. The bus, with registration plate number B 123 MMJ, skidded off the road, crashing into a ravine about 40 m below. A local child who was on the road at the time of the accident was also injured, but not seriously. The accident reportedly occurred around 5 to 6 pm 30 km north of Podgorica, the capital and largest city of Montenegro. There were about 50 people on board, all of them Romanian citizens.The accident occurred during a rainstorm on a narrow road in mountainous terrain. The exact cause of the accident is unknown. The bus was carrying around 48 passengers, two drivers and a tourist guide, and was headed towards the Adriatic Sea. Attempts to rescue the survivors were inhibited by the rocky terrain of the region.Montenegro's Interior Minister Raško Konjević described the crash as "an extremely serious accident". Milo Đukanović, the Prime Minister of Montenegro, also visited the victims at the hospital, and expressed his condolences to the Romanian Ambassador to Montenegro. The Serbian Government also offered medical assistance for the injured.Victor Ponta, the Prime Minister of Romania, announced a day of national mourning for the date June 26. On the same day Montenegro also observed a day of national mourning in solidarity with Romania.

Andrija Lompar

Andrija Lompar (Montenegrin Cyrillic: Андрија Ломпар) (born 26 November 1956 in Cetinje, SR Montenegro, Yugoslavia) is a Montenegrin politician and the current Minister of Maritime Affairs, Transportation and Telecommunications in the Government of Montenegro. He is also a member of the Social Democratic Party of Montenegro

He finished elementary and high school in Kotor and graduated from the School of Mechanical Engineering, in Shipbuilding. In 1981, he received a Master degree from the World Nautical University in Sweden, and in 1988, he received a doctorate from the University of Montenegro. He also holds the "Luča" diploma.

Prior to becoming Minister of Maritime Affairs, Transportation and Telecommunications, he was a dean at the Faculty of Marine Studies of the University of Montenegro. He was appointed Minister of Maritime Affairs, Transportation and Telecommunication in January 2003, under Prime Minister Milo Đukanović, but stepped down in January 2006. When Željko Šturanović was appointed as the new Prime Minister of Montenegro, Šturanović appointed Lompar as Minister of Maritime Affairs, Transportation and Telecommunications.

As an author and/or co-author, Lompar published a number of studies, and as a permanent or hired consultant, he was working with a number of enterprises mostly from the field of maritime affairs and transport. He leads a team which made it possible for Montenegrin seafarers to be at the IMO "White list" and represents Montenegro on relevant conferences.

Lompar is also representative of the University of Montenegro in various integration programmes and reforms of the universities of Southeast Europe in the European educational area.

Lompar can fluently speak and write in English and Montenegrin.

Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro

The Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro (Montenegrin: Demokratska partija socijalista Crne Gore / Демократска партија социјалиста Црне Горе, DPS) is the ruling political party in Montenegro. It has been so since the introduction of a multi-party system in 1990.

The party was formed in 1991 as the successor of the League of Communists of Montenegro, which had governed Montenegro within the Yugoslav federation since World War II. Since its formation and the introduction of a multi-party system, the DPS has played a dominant role in Montenegrin politics, forming the backbone of every coalition government to date.

At the 2012 legislative elections held on 14 October, the DPS along with the Social Democratic Party of Montenegro (SDP) as the Coalition for a European Montenegro won 39 out of 81 seats. This coalition, along with its longtime partner the Bosniak Party, once again formed a majority in the Parliament of Montenegro and held the right to appoint the Government. The DPS itself won 31 seats. The current Prime Minister of Montenegro Duško Marković and President Milo Đukanović are both members of the party.

The DPS is internationally affiliated with the Socialist International and Progressive Alliance, and is an associate affiliate of the Party of European Socialists.

Deputy Prime Minister of Montenegro

The Deputy Prime Minister of Montenegro, officially Vice President of the Government of Montenegro (Montenegrin: Potpredsjednik Vlade Crne Gore), is the official Deputy of the Prime Minister of Montenegro. Conventionally all of the junior partners in the coalition, get one deputy, they are ranked according to the size of their respective parties.

Dragan Đurović

Dragan Đurović (Serbian Cyrillic: Драган Ђуровић) (born October 31, 1959 in Danilovgrad, Montenegro, Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia) was the deputy Prime Minister of Montenegro (in the period between 2001 and 2007), and within that period he was also the Minister of the Interior ( in the period between 2003 and 2005) and Acting Minister of Foreign Affairs ( in the period between May 2002 and January 2003). He chaired sessions of the Government of Montenegro in the period between November 5 and January 8, 2003.

Graduated from the Faculty of Law.

Among other positions, he was the director of newspaper and publishing company Pobjeda (1995–2001), the appointed deputy of the House of Citizens of the Parliament of Serbia and Montenegro two times, and deputy of the Parliament of the Republic of Montenegro five times.

He was also the head of deputy club of Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro in Montenegrin Parliament and member of the party's Presidency.

From 2009 he holds the position of the director of Civil Aviation Agency of Montenegro. He is also member of Coordinating Committee of European Civil Aviation Conference ( ECAC ) .

Duško Marković

Duško Marković (Montenegrin Cyrillic: Душко Марковић; born 6 July 1959) is a Montenegrin politician and the current Prime Minister of Montenegro, elected on 28 November 2016. He is also Deputy president of ruling Democratic Party of Socialists.

Filip Vujanović

Filip Vujanović (Montenegrin Cyrillic: Филип Вујановић, pronounced [fîlip ʋǔjanɔʋit͡ɕ]; born 1 September 1954) is a Montenegrin politician who served as the President of Montenegro from 2003 to 2018. He was the country's first president since its independence in June 2006. He claimed a landslide victory in the April 2008 presidential election, and he was narrowly re-elected in 2013.

Government of Montenegro

The government of Montenegro (Montenegrin: Влада Црне Горе, Vlada Republike Crne Gore) is the executive branch of state authority in Montenegro. It is headed by the prime minister. It comprises the prime minister, the deputy prime ministers as well as ministers.

Duško Marković is the current Prime Minister of Montenegro and Head of Government. The current members of the cabinet were elected on 28 November 2016 by the majority vote in the Parliament of Montenegro. The Cabinet, assembled by Candidate for the Prime Minister Duško Marković, was supported by Democratic Party of Socialists, Social Democrats, Croatian Civic Initiative, Liberal Party, Bosniak Party and Albanians Decisively.

List of Presidents of Montenegro

This article lists the Presidents of Montenegro.

The list includes the heads of state of the Socialist Republic of Montenegro, a constituent country of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and heads of state of the Republic of Montenegro (1992–2006), a constituent country of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia / State Union of Serbia and Montenegro. Prior to 1974, Montenegro's head of state was the speaker of the Montenegrin parliament.

The President (Predsjednik) is directly elected to a five-year term and is limited by the Constitution to a maximum of two terms. In addition to being the Commander-in-chief of the Armed Forces, the President has the procedural duty of appointing the Prime Minister with the consent of the Parliament, and has some influence on foreign policy. His official residence is located in the former royal capital Cetinje.

List of ambassadors of Montenegro to China

The Montenegrin ambassador in Beijing is the official representative of the Government in Podgorica to the Government of the People's Republic of China

List of state leaders in 1916

This is a list of heads of state, heads of governments, and other rulers in the year 1916.

List of state leaders in 1917

This is a list of heads of state, heads of governments, and other rulers in the year 1917.

Milo Đukanović

Milo Đukanović (Serbian Cyrillic: Мило Ђукановић, pronounced [mǐːlo dʑǔkanoʋitɕ] (listen); born 15 February 1962) is a Montenegrin politician who has been the President of Montenegro since 20 May 2018. He served as Prime Minister of Montenegro in three governments from 1991 to 1998, as President of Montenegro from 1998 to 2002, and as Prime Minister again from 2003 to 2006, from 2008 to 2010, and from 2012 to 2016. Đukanović is also the long-term president of the Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro, originally the Montenegrin branch of the Communist Party of Yugoslavia, which has governed Montenegro since the introduction of multi-party politics.

When Đukanović first emerged on the political scene, he was a close ally of Slobodan Milošević during the anti-bureaucratic revolution. In 1996, however, he turned against Milošević, abandoning the traditional joint Serbian and Montenegrin vision in favour of an independent Montenegro. He oversaw the conversion of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia into the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro and Montenegro's increasing separation from Serbia under his leadership, culminating in victory in the May 2006 independence referendum. Over the course of his premiership and presidency, he oversaw the privatization of public companies to foreign investors and firms.After serving continuously in office from 1991 to 2006, Đukanović first retired from politics in late 2006, but he returned to the office of Prime Minister in February 2008. He stepped down again in December 2010 before returning for a second time in December 2012 to lead Montenegro for a seventh term. After winning the 2016 parliamentary elections, Đukanović announced that he would resign as Prime Minister again. Speculation that he may run for President in 2018 was confirmed in March of that year. He was elected President in April 2018 in a landslide.

Some observers have described his rule as authoritarian or autocratic. Đukanović is often described as having strong links to Montenegrin mafia. He was listed among the twenty richest world leaders according to the British newspaper The Independent in May 2010, which described the source of his estimated £10 million wealth as "mysterious".

Nebojša Kaluđerović

Nebojša Kaluđerović (born 1955 in Nikšić, Montenegro, Yugoslavia) is a Montenegrin politician and diplomat, who served as Minister of Foreign Affairs briefly in 2012. He served as the Ambassador and Permanent Representative to the United Nations for Montenegro between 11 August 2006 and 1 April 2010 and also as ambassador-at-large at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Montenegro.

He graduated from the University of Belgrade's Law School, Serbia. Besides his native Montenegrin, he speaks English and Russian fluently.

Before 1991, he served as a Permanent Ambassasor to the United Nations for the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, focusing on international security and disarmament issues. From 1981 to 1992, Kaluđerović was a member of the Federal Secretariat for Foreign Affairs in Yugoslavia. He was the Special Advisor for multilateral affairs to the Federal Foreign Minister of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia between 1991 and 1992. Between 1994 and 2000, the new envoy worked in the trade and engineering sector in the Russian Federation. He was Assistant Minister of Foreign Affairs from 2000 until 2001. From 2002 to 2003, he was Chief of Cabinet to the President of Montenegro. From 2003 to 2004, Kaluđerović served as Chief of Cabinet to the Prime Minister of Montenegro. From 2004 until 2006, Kaluđerović was the Permanent Representative of Serbia and Montenegro to the United Nations. In 2006, following the Montenegrin independence referendum, he served as the Special Envoy of the Government of Montenegro to the United Nations.

On March 31, 2007, for being the first Ambassador of the newly independent Montenegro to the United Nations, Prince Nicholas of Montenegro invested him with the insignia of Grand Cross in the Order of Danilo I.

Politics of Montenegro

Politics of Montenegro (Montenegrin: Политика Црне Горе, Tr. Politika Crne Gore) takes place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democratic republic, whereby the Prime Minister of Montenegro is the head of government, and of a multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the Parliament of Montenegro. The Judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature. The Economist Intelligence Unit has rated Montenegro as "hybrid regime" in 2016.

Rafet Husović

Rafet Husović (born 2 April 1964) is a Montenegrin politician of Bosniak descent who is the current Deputy Prime Minister of Montenegro. He is the founder and current president of the Bosniak Party, an ethnic minority party for promotion of interests of Bosniaks of Montenegro.

Serdar (Ottoman rank)

Serdar (Ottoman Turkish: سردار‎; from Persian "Sardar") was a military rank in the Ottoman Empire and a noble rank in Montenegro and Serbia. Serdars especially served at the borders of Ottoman Empire. They were responsible for security of lands. For example, Yakup Ağa who was the father of Barbaros from Yenice.

Serdar was also used in the Principality of Montenegro and the Principality of Serbia as an honorary non-noble title below that of vojvoda (For example, Janko Vukotić who was a military leader and former prime minister of Montenegro had the title of serdar).

Đukanović

Ðukanović (Montenegrin and Serbian Cyrillic: Ђукановић; also transliterated Djukanović) is a Serbo-Croatian surname. It is derived from the male given name "Đuka"/"Đukan", itself a variant of the name Đorđe (George). It is predominantly found in Serbia and Montenegro. It may refer to:

Milo Đukanović (born 1962), Prime Minister of Montenegro

Blažo Đukanović (1883–1943), Chetnik general and Montenegrin political leader

Aco Đukanović, Montenegrin businessman, brother of Milo

Srđan Đukanović (born 1980), Serbian footballer

Đukan Đukanović (born 1992), Serbian basketball player

Pero Đukanović, Bosnian Serb World War II fighter

Željko Šturanović

Željko Šturanović (Serbian: Жељко Штурановић, January 31, 1960 – June 30, 2014) was the Prime Minister of Montenegro from November 10, 2006 until February 29, 2008.

Montenegro articles
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