The Prime Minister of Malaysia (Malay: Perdana Menteri Malaysia) is the head of government and the highest political office in Malaysia. The Yang di-Pertuan Agong appoints Prime Minister as a Member of Parliament (MP) who, in his opinion, is most likely to command the confidence of a majority of MPs. The Prime Minister chairs the Cabinet of Malaysia, the de facto executive branch of government. On 18 October 2018, 7th Prime Minister, Mahathir Mohamad, announced a two-term limit (10 years Max) to all Cabinet Profolio.
After the formation of Malaysia on 16 September 1963, Tunku Abdul Rahman, the Chief Minister of the Federation of Malaya, became Prime Minister of Malaysia. From independence until the 2018 general election, the Prime Minister had always been from the United Malays National Organisation (UMNO) party of Barisan Nasional (previously Alliance). Following a general election, Mahathir Mohamad took office on 10 May 2018, as the first Prime Minister of the opposition coalition, Pakatan Harapan (PH). Mahathir is the first Prime Minister not to represent the Alliance/Barisan Nasional coalition. He is also the first Malaysian Prime Minister to serve from two different parties and on non-consecutive terms.
Mahathir and the PH coalition confirmed that, after a period of around 2 years, People's Justice Party (PKR) leader Anwar Ibrahim will take over as Prime Minister. On 11 June 2018, Mahathir said he is prepared to stay as Prime Minister for more than two years if that is what members of the public want.
|Prime Minister of Malaysia
Perdana Menteri Malaysia
Official emblem of the Office of the Prime Minister
since 10 May 2018
|Government of Malaysia|
Prime Minister's Department
|Style||Yang Amat Berhormat|
(The Most Honourable)
unless otherwise specified
National Finance Council
House of Representatives
|Seat||Perdana Putra, Putrajaya|
|Appointer||Yang di-Pertuan Agong|
|Term length||While commanding the confidence of the lower house of Parliament with General Elections held no more than five years apart|
|Constituting instrument||Federal Constitution of Malaysia|
|Inaugural holder||Tunku Abdul Rahman|
|Formation||31 August 1957|
|Salary||MYR 22,826.65 per month|
According to the federal constitution, the Yang di-Pertuan Agong shall first appoint as Prime Minister to preside over the Cabinet and requires such Prime Minister to be a member of the Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives) who in his judgment is likely to command the confidence of the majority of the members of that House and must not a Malaysian citizen by naturalisation or by registration. The Yang di-Pertuan Agong on the Prime Minister's advice shall appoint other Ministers from either Dewan Rakyat or Dewan Negara (Senate).
The Prime Minister and his cabinet ministers must take and subscribe in the presence of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong the oath of office and allegiance as well as the oath of secrecy before they can exercise the functions of office. The Cabinet shall be collectively responsible to Parliament of Malaysia. The members of the Cabinet shall not hold any office of profit and engage in any trade, business or profession that will cause conflict of interest. The Prime Minister's Department (sometimes referred to as the Prime Minister's Office) is the body and ministry in which the Prime Minister exercises its functions and powers.
If a government cannot get its appropriation (budget) legislation passed by the House of Representatives, or the house passes a vote of "no confidence" in the government, the Prime Minister is bound by convention to resign immediately. The Yang di-Pertuan Agong's choice of replacement prime minister will be dictated by the circumstances. Ministers other than the Prime Minister shall hold office during the pleasure of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong, unless the appointment of any Minister shall have been revoked by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong on the advice of the Prime Minister but any Minister may resign his office.
Following a resignation in other circumstances, defeated in an election or the death of a prime minister, the Yang di-Pertuan Agong will generally appoint as Prime Minister the person voted by the governing party as their new leader.
The power of the prime minister is subject to a number of limitations. Prime ministers removed as leader of his or her party, or whose government loses a vote of no confidence in the House of Representatives, must advise a new election of the lower house or resign the office. The defeat of a supply bill (one that concerns the spending of money) or unable to pass important policy-related legislation is seen to require the resignation of the government or dissolution of Parliament, much like a non-confidence vote, since a government that cannot spend money is hamstrung, also called loss of supply.
The prime minister's party will normally have a majority in the House of Representatives and party discipline is exceptionally strong in Malaysian politics, so passage of the government's legislation through the House of Representatives is mostly a formality.
Under the Constitution, the Prime Minister’s role includes advising the Yang di-Pertuan Agong on:
Under Article 39 of the Constitution, executive authority is vested in the Yang di-Pertuan Agong. However, Article 40(1) states that in most cases, the Yang di-Pertuan Agong is bound to exercise his powers on the advice of the Cabinet or a minister acting under the Cabinet's general authority. Thus, most of the day-to-day work of governing is actually done by the Prime Minister and the Cabinet.
Under Article 55(3) of Constitution of Malaysia, the lower house of Parliament unless sooner dissolved by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong with his own discretion on the advice of the prime minister shall continue for five years from the date of its first meeting. Article 55(4) of the Constitution permits a delay of 60 days of general election to be held from the date of dissolution and Parliament shall be summoned to meet on a date not later than 120 days from the date of dissolution. Conventionally, between the dissolution of one Parliament and the convening of the next, the prime minister and the cabinet remain in office in a caretaker capacity.
From time to time prime ministers are required to leave the country on business and a deputy is appointed to take their place during that time. In the days before jet aeroplanes, such absences could be for extended periods.
(birth and death) Constituency
|Term of office||Coalition (Party)||Duration|
|1||Tunku Abdul Rahman
|31 August 1957||22 September 1970||Alliance Party (UMNO)||13 years, 22 days|
|1955, 1959, 1964, 1969|
|First Malayan Five-Year Plan; Malayan Emergency; Second Malayan Five-Year Plan; National Education Policy; Indonesia–Malaysia confrontation; Malaysia Agreement; PAP–UMNO relations; Independence of Singapore Agreement 1965; 1966 Sarawak Emergency; First Malaysia Plan; Association of Southeast Asian Nations; Organisation of Islamic Cooperation; 13 May Incident; Served as Minister of Home Affairs, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Minister of External Affairs, Minister of Information and Broadcasting, Minister of Youth, Culture and Sports. He is often referred to as Father of Independence (Bapa Kemerdekaan) and Father of Malaysia (Bapa Malaysia).|
|2||Abdul Razak Hussein
(Died in office)
|22 September 1970||14 January 1976||Alliance Party (UMNO)||5 years, 114 days|
|Razak Report; National Operations Council; 1971 constitutional amendments; Zone of Peace, Freedom and Neutrality; National Culture Policy; National Energy Policy; National Petroleum Policy; Second Malaysia Plan; Malaysian New Economic Policy; The youngest to be elected in the office, at the age of 48. Served as Minister of Education, Minister of Defence, Minister of Rural Development, Minister of National and Rural Development, Minister of Lands and Mines, Minister of Home Affairs, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Minister of Finance. He is referred to as Father of Development (Bapa Pembangunan).|
|3||Hussein Onn||14 January 1976||16 July 1981||BN (UMNO)||5 years, 183 days|
|Third Malaysia Plan; 1977 Kelantan Emergency; Malaysian Technical Corporation Plan; Fourth Malaysia Plan. Served as Minister of Education, Minister of Commerce and Industry, Minister of Finance, Minister of Coordination of Public Corporations, Minister of Defence, Minister of Federal Territories. He is referred to as Father of Unity (Bapa Perpaduan).|
|4||Mahathir Mohamad||16 July 1981||31 October 2003||BN (UMNO)||22 years, 107 days|
|1982, 1986, 1990, 1995, 1999|
|Clean, Fair and Trustworthy; Look East Policy; Privatisation Policy; Malaysia Incorporated Policy; Buy British Last; Leadership by Example; 70 Million Population Policy; Heavy Industry Policy; Application of Islamic Values Policy; 1983 constitutional amendments; Fifth Malaysia Plan; 1986 Sabah Emergency; Operation Lalang; 1988 constitutional amendments; Vision 2020; Sixth Malaysia Plan; 1993 constitutional amendments; Seventh Malaysia Plan; Eighth Malaysia Plan; He is the longest-serving Prime Minister of Malaysia. He led the BN into 5 consecutive election victories. Served as Minister of Education, Minister of Commerce and Industry, Minister of Defence, Minister of Home Affairs, Minister of Finance. He is referred to as Father of Modernisation (Bapa Pemodenan).|
|5||Abdullah Ahmad Badawi
|31 October 2003||3 April 2009||BN (UMNO)||5 years, 154 days|
|Ninth Malaysia Plan. Served as Minister without Portfolio, Minister in the Prime Minister's Department, Minister of Education, Minister of Defence, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Minister of Home Affairs, Minister of Finance, Minister of Internal Security. He is referred to as Father of Human Capital Development (Bapa Pembangunan Modal Insan).|
|3 April 2009||10 May 2018||BN (UMNO)||9 years, 37 days|
|1MDB; Tenth Malaysia Plan; Eleventh Malaysia Plan; Prior to his appointment as PM, he served as Minister of Culture, Youth and Sports, Minister of Youth and Sports, Minister of Defence, Minister of Education, Minister of Finance.|
|10 May 2018||Incumbent||PH (PPBM)||350 days|
|This is his second appointment as Prime Minister, 15 years after his retirement from politics. He was the fourth Prime Minister of Malaysia from 1981 to 2003 and referred as Father of Modernisation (Bapa Pemodenan). He is the only person to hold the position for two opposing political parties. He is the oldest Prime Minister to be elected at the age of 92.|
Prime ministers are usually granted certain privileges after leaving office at government expense. Former prime ministers continue to be important national figures.
|Name||Term of office||Date of birth|
|Abdullah Ahmad Badawi||2003–2009||26 November 1939 (age 79)|
|Najib Razak||2009–2018||23 July 1953 (age 65)|
The most recently deceased prime minister was Tunku Abdul Rahman (1903–1990), who died on 6 December 1990. Currently the oldest living former prime minister is Abdullah Ahmad Badawi at the age of 79.
Tun Haji Abdul Razak bin Dato' Hussein SMN KStJ b. 11 March 1922; d. 14 January 1976) was the second Prime Minister of Malaysia, serving from 1970 to 1976.
Tun Razak was the Prime Minister responsible in setting up Barisan Nasional, which is the ruling coalition of political parties that held power in Malaysia till 10 May 2018, with Barisan Nasional losing the 14th Malaysia General Election under his son Najib Razak, taking over from its predecessor, the Alliance. He is also renowned for launching the Malaysian New Economic Policy (MNEP).Bandar Menjalara
Menjalara is a major township in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. It is located between Kepong and Sri Damansara. Menjalara is situated adjacent to Bukit Maluri. It was named after Paduka Seri Cik Menjalara (Makche Menjalara), the mother of the first Prime Minister of Malaysia, Tunku Abdul Rahman Putra Al-Haj.
Menjalara is located adjacent to the highway Damansara–Puchong Expressway. Bandar Menjalara Community Hall is located beside the Menjalara Lake Park which are owned by Kuala Lumpur City Hall.
A ramp for the Duta–Ulu Klang Expressway are located at the intersection between Bandar Menjalara and Taman Bukit Maluri.Bandar Tun Abdul Razak
Bandar Tun Abdul Razak is a settlement town located in Rompin District, Pahang, Malaysia. This town located 27 kilometres from Bandar Muadzam Shah and 127 kilometres from Kuantan, the capital city of Pahang State. The town is strategically situated between Johor Bahru and Kuantan, where the Tun Razak Highway as the main road that connected this both town. This town is named after the second Prime Minister of Malaysia, Tun Abdul Razak.Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia
The Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia (Malay: Timbalan Perdana Menteri Malaysia) is the second highest political office in Malaysia. There have been twelve deputy prime ministers since the office was created in 1957. The first Prime Minister of Malaysia, Tunku Abdul Rahman, started the convention of appointing a Deputy Prime Minister.
The current Deputy Prime Minister is Wan Azizah Wan Ismail, who took office on 10 May 2018, she is the first female to hold office.First Abdullah cabinet
Abdullah Ahmad Badawi formed the first Abdullah cabinet after being invited by Tuanku Syed Sirajuddin to begin a new government following the resignation of the previous Prime Minister of Malaysia, Mahathir Mohamad. Prior to the election, Mahathir led (as Prime Minister) the sixth Mahathir cabinet, a coalition government that consisted of members of the component parties of Barisan Nasional.
This is a list of the members of the first cabinet of the fifth Prime Minister of Malaysia, Abdullah Ahmad Badawi.First Razak cabinet
Abdul Razak Hussein formed the first Razak cabinet after being invited by Tuanku Abdul Halim Muadzam Shah to begin a new government following the resignation of the previous Prime Minister of Malaysia, Tunku Abdul Rahman. Prior to the resignation, Rahman led (as Prime Minister) the third Rahman cabinet, a coalition government that consisted of members of the component parties of Alliance Party.
This is a list of the members of the first cabinet of the second Prime Minister of Malaysia, Abdul Razak Hussein.Government of Malaysia
Government of Malaysia officially the Federal Government of Malaysia (Malay: Kerajaan Persekutuan Malaysia) is based in the federal territories of Kuala Lumpur and the federal executive based in Putrajaya. Malaysia is a federation of 13 states operating within a constitutional monarchy under the Westminster parliamentary system and is categorised as a representative democracy. The federal government of Malaysia adheres to and is created by the Federal Constitution of Malaysia, the supreme law of the land.
The federal government adopts the principle of separation of powers under Article 127 of the Federal Constitution, and has three branches: executive, legislature and judiciary. The state governments in Malaysia also have their respective executive and legislative bodies. The judicial system in Malaysia is a federalised court system operating uniformly throughout the country.Hussein Onn
Tun Hussein bin Dato' Onn, , (Jawi: حسين بن عون; b. 12 February 1922; d. 29 May 1990) was the third Prime Minister of Malaysia, serving in this role from 1976 to 1981 and also served for Sri Gading constituency. Born in Johor Bahru, Johor, to Dato' Onn Jaafar and Datin Halimah Hussein, he is of 3/4 Malay and 1/4 Circassian ancestry. He was granted the soubriquet "Bapa Perpaduan" (Father of Unity).List of Malay people
This is a list of notable Malay people or notable people of Malay descent. Entries on this list are demonstrably notable by having a linked current article or reliable sources as footnotes against the name to verify they are notable and define themselves either full or partial Malay descent, whose ethnic origin lie in the Malay world.
This list also includes emigrant Malays and could be taken as a list of famous Malays.Makam Pahlawan
The Makam Pahlawan (Malay for Heroes' Mausoleum) is the burial ground of several Malaysian leaders and politicians. It is located near the Malaysian national mosque, Masjid Negara in the national capital, Kuala Lumpur. Construction of the mausoleum began in 1963 under its project of the construction of Masjid Negara and was completed in 1965.
The cemetery has an interior and an exterior. Part is covered with a concrete dome in the form of a starburst, each side of which almost touches the ground, and separated by a pond from the outside. In the centre is designed with a decorative symbol of the country, the Emblem of Malaysia (Jata Negara) and carving out new flowers marble from the island of Langkawi. The centre of the domed roof is adorned with gold coloured roses.
The Makam Pahlawan area and the Masjid Negara was gazetted in the National Heritage Act 2005 (Act 645), as a National Heritage site by the Heritage Department on 6 July 2007. The plaque installation ceremony was held on 30 April 2009.Minister of Finance (Malaysia)
The Minister of Finance (or simply, Finance Minister) (Malay: Menteri Kewangan) is the head of the Ministry of Finance of the Government of Malaysia. One of the senior posts in the Cabinet of Malaysia, the finance minister is responsible for determining the fiscal policy and managing national budget of the government. In many periods the Minister of Finance also served as Prime Minister of Malaysia. The current Minister of Finance is Lim Guan Eng, who took office on 21 May 2018.Prime Minister's Department (Malaysia)
The Prime Minister's Department (Malay: Jabatan Perdana Menteri, abbreviated JPM) is a federal government ministry in Malaysia. Its objective is "determining the services of all divisions are implemented according to policy, legislation / regulations and current guidelines". It is headed by the Prime Minister of Malaysia followed by other Minister in the Prime Minister's Department. The Department consists of the Prime Minister's Office, the Deputy Prime Minister's Office and more than 50 other government agencies and entities. The Prime Minister's Department was established in July 1957. Its headquarters are in Perdana Putra, Putrajaya.Sharifah Rodziah Barakbah
Tun Sharifah Rodziah binti Syed Alwi Barakbah (1920 – 12 March 2000) was the third wife of Tunku Abdul Rahman Putra Al-Haj, the founding father and first Prime Minister of Malaysia.Siti Hasmah Mohamad Ali
Tun Dr. Siti Hasmah binti Haji Mohamad Ali (born 12 July 1926) is the wife of the 4th and 7th Prime Minister of Malaysia, Tun Dr. Mahathir Mohamad. She served as wife of the Prime Minister of Malaysia for 22 years from 1981 to 2003. She is the oldest living wife of a Malaysian prime minister.
On 10 May 2018, she once again assumed the role of wife of the Prime Minister of Malaysia when Mahathir became Prime Minister for the second time. She was also the former chancellor of the Multimedia University of Malaysia.Spouse of the Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia
The Spouse of the Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia refers to the wife or husband of the Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia. To date, twelve women and one man have held the title of the spouse of the Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia. The spouse of the present Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia is Anwar Ibrahim, the first man to hold this title with his wife, Wan Azizah Wan Ismail, as the first female Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia.Spouse of the Prime Minister of Malaysia
The Spouse of the Prime Minister of Malaysia refers to the spouse of the head of government of Malaysia, the Prime Minister. Since independence in 1957, the title has been occupied by women, therefore the spouse is also known as the Prime Minister's wife. Some commentators have tried to style prime ministers' wives as "First Lady of Malaysia", similar to the style of First Lady used in republics, but this is not a recognised title. To date, seven women have held the title of the spouse of the Prime Minister of Malaysia.
Siti Hasmah is the spouse of the incumbent Prime Minister of Malaysia, Mahathir Mohamad.Suhailah Noah
Tun Suhailah binti Mohamed Noah (26 October 1931 – 4 October 2014) was the widow of the 3rd Malaysian Prime Minister Tun Hussein Onn and the Spouse of the Prime Minister of Malaysia from 15 January 1976, until 16 July 1981. She was the mother of Hishammuddin Hussein, who was Minister of Defence from 2013 to 2018.Tangkap Najib rally
The Tangkap Najib rally (also called the #TangkapNajib Protest) was a demonstration held in Kuala Lumpur on 1 August 2015. The peaceful rally was organized by a youth activist group Demi Malaysia to urge for the resignation of Prime Minister of Malaysia Najib Razak ensuing the 1Malaysia Development Berhad scandal.
The rally was among the first few protests held to directly pressure the Prime Minister of Malaysia to resign for the implication in the 1Malaysia Development Berhad's scandal.Tun Abdul Ghafar Baba Memorial
The Tun Abdul Ghafar Baba Memorial (Malay: Memorial Tun Abdul Ghafar Baba) is a museum in Peringgit, Melaka, Malaysia. The museum commemorates the life of former Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia, Tun Ghafar Baba.
Prime Ministers of Malaysia
Leaders of Southeast Asian countries
|Heads of state|
|Heads of government|
|Defunct heads of state|