Prime Minister of Malaysia

The Prime Minister of Malaysia (Malay: Perdana Menteri Malaysia) is the head of government and the highest political office in Malaysia. The Yang di-Pertuan Agong appoints Prime Minister as a Member of Parliament (MP) who, in his opinion, is most likely to command the confidence of a majority of MPs. The Prime Minister chairs the Cabinet of Malaysia, the de facto executive branch of government. On 18 October 2018, 7th Prime Minister, Mahathir Mohamad, announced a two-term limit (10 years Max) to all Cabinet Profolio.

After the formation of Malaysia on 16 September 1963, Tunku Abdul Rahman, the Chief Minister of the Federation of Malaya, became Prime Minister of Malaysia. From independence until the 2018 general election, the Prime Minister had always been from the United Malays National Organisation (UMNO) party of Barisan Nasional (previously Alliance). Following a general election, Mahathir Mohamad took office on 10 May 2018, as the first Prime Minister of the opposition coalition, Pakatan Harapan (PH). Mahathir is the first Prime Minister not to represent the Alliance/Barisan Nasional coalition. He is also the first Malaysian Prime Minister to serve from two different parties and on non-consecutive terms.

Mahathir and the PH coalition have confirmed that, after a period of around 2 years, People's Justice Party (PKR) leader Anwar Ibrahim will take over as Prime Minister. On 11 June 2018, Mahathir said he's prepared to stay as Prime Minister for more than two years if that is what members of the public wants.[2]

Prime Minister of Malaysia
Perdana Menteri Malaysia
Coat of arms of Malaysia
Office-of-Prime-Minister-Of-Malaysia
Official emblem of the Office of the Prime Minister
Secretary Pompeo and Malaysian Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad (43814329771) (Mahathir cropped)
Incumbent
Mahathir Mohamad

since 10 May 2018
Government of Malaysia
Prime Minister's Department
StyleYang Amat Berhormat
(The Most Honourable)
unless otherwise specified
Member ofCabinet
National Finance Council
House of Representatives
Reports toParliament
ResidenceSeri Perdana
SeatPerdana Putra, Putrajaya
AppointerMuhammad V
Yang Di-Pertuan Agong
Term lengthWhile commanding the confidence of the lower house of Parliament with General Elections held no more than five years apart
Constituting instrumentFederal Constitution of Malaysia
Inaugural holderTunku Abdul Rahman
Formation31 August 1957
SalaryMYR 22,826.65 per month[1]
Websitewww.pmo.gov.my

Appointment

Perdana Putra building 2005
The Prime Minister’s office at Perdana Putra, Putrajaya

According to the federal constitution, the Yang di-Pertuan Agong shall first appoint as Prime Minister to preside over the Cabinet and requires such Prime Minister to be a member of the Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives) who in his judgment is likely to command the confidence of the majority of the members of that House and must not a Malaysian citizen by naturalisation or by registration. The Yang di-Pertuan Agong on the Prime Minister's advice shall appoint other Ministers from either Dewan Rakyat or Dewan Negara (Senate).

The Prime Minister and his cabinet ministers must take and subscribe in the presence of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong the oath of office and allegiance as well as the oath of secrecy before they can exercise the functions of office. The Cabinet shall be collectively responsible to Parliament of Malaysia. The members of the Cabinet shall not hold any office of profit and engage in any trade, business or profession that will cause conflict of interest. The Prime Minister's Department (sometimes referred to as the Prime Minister's Office) is the body and ministry in which the Prime Minister exercises its functions and powers.

If a government cannot get its appropriation (budget) legislation passed by the House of Representatives, or the house passes a vote of "no confidence" in the government, the Prime Minister is bound by convention to resign immediately. The Yang di-Pertuan Agong's choice of replacement prime minister will be dictated by the circumstances. Ministers other than the Prime Minister shall hold office during the pleasure of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong, unless the appointment of any Minister shall have been revoked by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong on the advice of the Prime Minister but any Minister may resign his office.

Following a resignation in other circumstances, defeated in an election or the death of a prime minister, the Yang di-Pertuan Agong will generally appoint as Prime Minister the person voted by the governing party as their new leader.

Powers

The power of the prime minister is subject to a number of limitations. Prime ministers removed as leader of his or her party, or whose government loses a vote of no confidence in the House of Representatives, must advise a new election of the lower house or resign the office. The defeat of a supply bill (one that concerns the spending of money) or unable to pass important policy-related legislation is seen to require the resignation of the government or dissolution of Parliament, much like a non-confidence vote, since a government that cannot spend money is hamstrung, also called loss of supply.

The prime minister's party will normally have a majority in the House of Representatives and party discipline is exceptionally strong in Malaysian politics, so passage of the government's legislation through the House of Representatives is mostly a formality.

Under the Constitution, the Prime Minister’s role includes advising the Yang di-Pertuan Agong on:

  • the appointment of the federal ministers (full members of cabinet);
  • the appointment of the federal deputy ministers, parliamentary secretaries (non-full members of cabinet);
  • the appointment of 44 out of 70 Senators in the Dewan Negara;
  • the summoning and adjournment of sittings of the Dewan Rakyat;
  • the appointment of judges of the superior courts (which are the High Courts, the Court of Appeal and the Federal Court);
  • the appointment of the Attorney-General and the Auditor-General;
  • the appointment of the chairmen and members of the Judicial and Legal Service Commission, Election Commission, Police Force Commission, Education Service Commission, National Finance Council and Armed Forces Council; and
  • the appointment of the Governors of Malacca, Penang, Sabah and Sarawak.

Under Article 39 of the Constitution, executive authority is vested in the Yang di-Pertuan Agong. However, Article 40(1) states that in most cases, the Yang di-Pertuan Agong is bound to exercise his powers on the advice of the Cabinet or a minister acting under the Cabinet's general authority. Thus, most of the day-to-day work of governing is actually done by the Prime Minister and the Cabinet.

Caretaker Prime Minister

Under Article 55(3) of Constitution of Malaysia, the lower house of Parliament unless sooner dissolved by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong with his own discretion on the advice of the prime minister shall continue for five years from the date of its first meeting. Article 55(4) of the Constitution permits a delay of 60 days of general election to be held from the date of dissolution and Parliament shall be summoned to meet on a date not later than 120 days from the date of dissolution. Conventionally, between the dissolution of one Parliament and the convening of the next, the prime minister and the cabinet remain in office in a caretaker capacity.

Acting Prime Minister

From time to time prime ministers are required to leave the country on business and a deputy is appointed to take their place during that time. In the days before jet aeroplanes, such absences could be for extended periods.

List of Prime Ministers of Malaysia

Colour key (for political coalitions):
  Alliance   Barisan Nasional   Pakatan Harapan

Portrait Name

(birth and death) Constituency

Term of office Coalition (Party) Duration
1 Tunku abd rahman Tunku Abdul Rahman

(1903–1990)
MLC for Sungei Muda, 1955–1959
MP for Kuala Kedah, 1959–1973

31 August 1957 22 September 1970 Alliance Party (UMNO) 13 years, 22 days
1955, 1959, 1964, 1969
First Malayan Five-Year Plan; Malayan Emergency; Second Malayan Five-Year Plan; National Education Policy; Indonesia–Malaysia confrontation; Malaysia Agreement; PAP–UMNO relations; Independence of Singapore Agreement 1965; 1966 Sarawak Emergency; First Malaysia Plan; Association of Southeast Asian Nations; Organisation of Islamic Cooperation; 13 May Incident; Served as Minister of Home Affairs, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Minister of External Affairs, Minister of Information and Broadcasting, Minister of Youth, Culture and Sports. He is often referred to as Father of Independence (Bapa Kemerdekaan) and Father of Malaysia (Bapa Malaysia).
2 Tun Abdul Razak (MY 2nd PM) Abdul Razak Hussein

(1922–1976)
MLC for Semantan, 1955–1959
MP for Pekan, 1959–1976

(Died in office)

22 September 1970 14 January 1976 Alliance Party (UMNO) 5 years, 114 days
BN (UMNO)
1974
Razak Report; National Operations Council; 1971 constitutional amendments; Zone of Peace, Freedom and Neutrality; National Culture Policy; National Energy Policy; National Petroleum Policy; Second Malaysia Plan; Malaysian New Economic Policy; The youngest to be elected in the office, at the age of 48. Served as Minister of Education, Minister of Defence, Minister of Rural Development, Minister of National and Rural Development, Minister of Lands and Mines, Minister of Home Affairs, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Minister of Finance. He is referred to as Father of Development (Bapa Pembangunan).
3 Tun Hussein Onn (MY 3rd PM) Hussein Onn

(1922–1990)
MP for Johore Bahru Timor, 1971–1974
MP for Sri Gading, 1974–1981

14 January 1976 16 July 1981 BN (UMNO) 5 years, 183 days
1978
Third Malaysia Plan; 1977 Kelantan Emergency; Malaysian Technical Corporation Plan; Fourth Malaysia Plan. Served as Minister of Education, Minister of Commerce and Industry, Minister of Finance, Minister of Coordination of Public Corporations, Minister of Defence, Minister of Federal Territories. He is referred to as Father of Unity (Bapa Perpaduan).
4 Mahathir Mohamad 2007 Mahathir Mohamad

(b. 1925)
MP for Kota Star Selatan, 1964–1969
MP for Kubang Pasu, 1974–2004

16 July 1981 31 October 2003 BN (UMNO) 22 years, 107 days
1982, 1986, 1990, 1995, 1999
Clean, Fair and Trustworthy; Look East Policy; Privatisation Policy; Malaysia Incorporated Policy; Buy British Last; Leadership by Example; 70 Million Population Policy; Heavy Industry Policy; Application of Islamic Values Policy; 1983 constitutional amendments; Fifth Malaysia Plan; 1986 Sabah Emergency; Operation Lalang; 1988 constitutional amendments; Vision 2020; Sixth Malaysia Plan; 1993 constitutional amendments; Seventh Malaysia Plan; Eighth Malaysia Plan; He is the longest-serving Prime Minister of Malaysia. He led the BN into 5 consecutive election victories. Served as Minister of Education, Minister of Commerce and Industry, Minister of Defence, Minister of Home Affairs, Minister of Finance. He is referred to as Father of Modernisation (Bapa Pemodenan).
5 AB April 2008 Abdullah Ahmad Badawi

(b. 1939)
MP for Kepala Batas, 1978–2013

31 October 2003 3 April 2009 BN (UMNO) 5 years, 154 days
2004, 2008
Ninth Malaysia Plan. Served as Minister without Portfolio, Minister in the Prime Minister's Department, Minister of Education, Minister of Defence, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Minister of Home Affairs, Minister of Finance, Minister of Internal Security. He is referred to as Father of Human Capital Development (Bapa Pembangunan Modal Insan).
6 Najib Razak 2008-08-21 Najib Razak

(b. 1953)
MP for Pekan, 1974-1982, 1986-2018

3 April 2009 10 May 2018 BN (UMNO) 9 years, 37 days
2013
1MDB; Tenth Malaysia Plan; Eleventh Malaysia Plan; Prior to his appointment as PM, he served as Minister of Culture, Youth and Sports, Minister of Youth and Sports, Minister of Defence, Minister of Education, Minister of Finance.
7 Malaysian Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad (42910851015) (cropped) Mahathir Mohamad

(b. 1925)
MP for Langkawi, since 2018

10 May 2018 Incumbent PH (PPBM) 254 days
2018
This is his second appointment as Prime Minister, 15 years after his retirement from politics. He was the fourth Prime Minister of Malaysia from 1981 to 2003 and referred as Father of Modernisation (Bapa Pemodenan). He is the only person to hold the position for two opposing political parties. He is the oldest Prime Minister to be elected at the age of 92.

Timeline

Living former Prime Ministers

Prime ministers are usually granted certain privileges after leaving office at government expense. Former prime ministers continue to be important national figures.

Name Term of office Date of birth
Abdullah Ahmad Badawi 2003–2009 26 November 1939 (age 79)
Najib Razak 2009–2018 23 July 1953 (age 65)

The most recently deceased prime minister was Tunku Abdul Rahman (1903–1990), who died on 6 December 1990. Currently the oldest living former prime minister is Abdullah Ahmad Badawi at the age of 79.

See also

References

  1. ^ "CPPS Policy Factsheet: Remuneration of Elected Officials in Malaysia" (PDF). Centre for Public Policy Studies. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 May 2016. Retrieved 11 May 2016.
  2. ^ Melissa Goh (11 June 2018). "Malaysia's PM Mahathir may stay on beyond 2 years, harbours ambition for new national car project". Channel NewsAsia. Retrieved 12 July 2018.
  3. ^ "Tokoh Negara" (in Malay). Malaysia Merdeka. Archived from the original on 27 April 2011. Retrieved 27 September 2013.
  4. ^ Vigneswaran Kannan (11 March 2012). "We should not forget Sambanthan's contributions". The Star. Archived from the original on 23 August 2015. Retrieved 7 September 2012.
  5. ^ "Anwar akan menjalankan tugas Presiden UMNO" (PDF). Perdana Library. 10 May 1997.
  6. ^ "Anwar memangku Presiden UMNO" (PDF). Perdana Library. 11 May 1997.
  7. ^ Kronologi membawa kepada pelucutan semua jawatan. arkibcmk.blogspot.com. Retrieved on 27 September 2013.
Bandar Menjalara

Menjalara is a major township in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. It is located between Kepong and Sri Damansara. Menjalara is situated adjacent to Bukit Maluri. It was named after Paduka Seri Cik Menjalara (Makche Menjalara), the mother of the first Prime Minister of Malaysia, Tunku Abdul Rahman Putra Al-Haj.

Menjalara is located adjacent to the highway Damansara–Puchong Expressway. Bandar Menjalara Community Hall is located beside the Menjalara Lake Park which are owned by Kuala Lumpur City Hall.

A ramp for the Duta–Ulu Klang Expressway are located at the intersection between Bandar Menjalara and Taman Bukit Maluri.

Bandar Tun Abdul Razak

Bandar Tun Abdul Razak is a settlement town located in Rompin District, Pahang, Malaysia. This town located 27 kilometres from Bandar Muadzam Shah and 127 kilometres from Kuantan, the capital city of Pahang State. The town is strategically situated between Johor Bahru and Kuantan, where the Tun Razak Highway as the main road that connected this both town. This town is named after the second Prime Minister of Malaysia, Tun Abdul Razak.

Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia

The Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia (Malay: Timbalan Perdana Menteri Malaysia) is the second highest political office in Malaysia. There have been twelve deputy prime ministers since the office was created in 1957. The first Prime Minister of Malaysia, Tunku Abdul Rahman, started the convention of appointing a Deputy Prime Minister.

The current Deputy Prime Minister is Wan Azizah Wan Ismail, who took office on 10 May 2018, she is the first female to hold office.

First Abdullah cabinet

Abdullah Ahmad Badawi formed the first Abdullah cabinet after being invited by Tuanku Syed Sirajuddin to begin a new government following the resignation of the previous Prime Minister of Malaysia, Mahathir Mohamad. Prior to the election, Mahathir led (as Prime Minister) the sixth Mahathir cabinet, a coalition government that consisted of members of the component parties of Barisan Nasional.

This is a list of the members of the first cabinet of the fifth Prime Minister of Malaysia, Abdullah Ahmad Badawi.

First Hussein cabinet

Hussein Onn formed the first Hussein cabinet after being invited by Tuanku Yahya Petra to begin a new government following the death of the previous Prime Minister of Malaysia, Abdul Razak Hussein. Prior to the death, Razak led (as Prime Minister) the second Razak cabinet, a coalition government that consisted of members of the component parties of Barisan Nasional.

This is a list of the members of the first cabinet of the third Prime Minister of Malaysia, Hussein Onn.

First Najib cabinet

Najib Razak formed the first Najib cabinet after being invited by Tuanku Mizan Zainal Abidin to begin a new government following the resignation of the previous Prime Minister of Malaysia, Abdullah Ahmad Badawi. Prior to the resignation, Abdullah led (as Prime Minister) the third Abdullah cabinet, a coalition government that consisted of members of the component parties of Barisan Nasional.

Najib announced his inaugural Cabinet on 9 April 2009. Former Malaysia Airlines chief executive officer and managing director Idris Jala was added to the line-up on 28 August 2009.Najib streamlined the Cabinet to 28 members from 32 in the previous Abdullah Ahmad Badawi administration. His new line-up came under criticism from previous Prime Minister Tun Dr. Mahathir.This is a list of the members of the first cabinet of the sixth Prime Minister of Malaysia, Najib Razak.

First Razak cabinet

Abdul Razak Hussein formed the first Razak cabinet after being invited by Tuanku Abdul Halim Muadzam Shah to begin a new government following the resignation of the previous Prime Minister of Malaysia, Tunku Abdul Rahman. Prior to the resignation, Rahman led (as Prime Minister) the third Rahman cabinet, a coalition government that consisted of members of the component parties of Alliance Party.

This is a list of the members of the first cabinet of the second Prime Minister of Malaysia, Abdul Razak Hussein.

Government of Malaysia

Government of Malaysia officially the Federal Government of Malaysia (Malay: Kerajaan Persekutuan Malaysia) based in the federal territories of Kuala Lumpur and the federal executive based in Putrajaya. Malaysia is a federation of 13 states operating within a constitutional monarchy under the Westminster parliamentary system and is categorised as a representative democracy. The federal government of Malaysia adheres to and is created by the Federal Constitution of Malaysia, the supreme law of the land.

The federal government adopts the principle of separation of powers under Article 127 of the Federal Constitution, and has three branches: executive, legislature and judiciary. The state governments in Malaysia also have their respective executive and legislative bodies. The judicial system in Malaysia is a federalised court system operating uniformly throughout the country.

Hussein Onn

Tun Hussein bin Dato' Onn, , (Jawi: حسين بن عون; b. 12 February 1922; d. 29 May 1990) was the third Prime Minister of Malaysia, serving in this role from 1976 to 1981 and also served for Sri Gading constituency. Born in Johor Bahru, Johor, to Dato' Onn Jaafar and Datin Halimah Hussein, he is of 3/4 Malay and 1/4 Circassian ancestry. He was granted the soubriquet "Bapa Perpaduan" (Father of Unity).

Jamaica–Malaysia relations

Jamaica–Malaysia relations (Malay: Hubungan Jamaica–Malaysia; Jawi: هوبوڠن جامايكا–مليسيا) refers to bilateral foreign relations between Jamaica and Malaysia. Neither country has a resident ambassador.

Both Prime Minister of Jamaica Portia Simpson Miller and Prime Minister of Malaysia Abdullah Ahmad Badawi, have expressed satisfaction with the progress of bilateral relations between the two countries and have reaffirmed their commitment to strengthening these relations through the exchange of visits and co-operation in the economic, technological, shipping, health and educational sectors, among other areas. Both countries are also the members of Commonwealth of Nations, Group of 77, Group of 15 and Non-Aligned Movement.

List of Malay people

This is a list of notable Malay people or notable people of Malay descent. Entries on this list are demonstrably notable by having a linked current article or reliable sources as footnotes against the name to verify they are notable and define themselves either full or partial Malay descent, whose ethnic origin lie in the Malay world.

This list also includes emigrant Malays and could be taken as a list of famous Malays.

Makam Pahlawan

The Makam Pahlawan (Malay for Heroes' Mausoleum) is the burial ground of several Malaysian leaders and politicians. It is located near the Malaysian national mosque, Masjid Negara in the national capital, Kuala Lumpur. Construction of the mausoleum began in 1963 under its project of the construction of Masjid Negara and was completed in 1965.

The cemetery has an interior and an exterior. Part is covered with a concrete dome in the form of a starburst, each side of which almost touches the ground, and separated by a pond from the outside. In the centre is designed with a decorative symbol of the country, the Emblem of Malaysia (Jata Negara) and carving out new flowers marble from the island of Langkawi. The centre of the domed roof is adorned with gold coloured roses.

The Makam Pahlawan area and the Masjid Negara was gazetted in the National Heritage Act 2005 (Act 645), as a National Heritage site by the Heritage Department on 6 July 2007. The plaque installation ceremony was held on 30 April 2009.

Minister of Finance (Malaysia)

The Minister of Finance (or simply, Finance Minister) (Malay: Menteri Kewangan) is the head of the Ministry of Finance of the Government of Malaysia. One of the senior posts in the Cabinet of Malaysia, the finance minister is responsible for determining the fiscal policy and managing national budget of the government. In many periods the Minister of Finance also served as Prime Minister of Malaysia. The current Minister of Finance is Lim Guan Eng, who took office on 21 May 2018.

Siti Hasmah Mohamad Ali

Tun Dr. Siti Hasmah binti Haji Mohamad Ali (born 12 July 1926) is the wife of the 4th and 7th Prime Minister of Malaysia, Tun Dr. Mahathir Mohamad. She served as wife of the Prime Minister of Malaysia for 22 years from 1981 to 2003. She is the oldest living wife of a Malaysian prime minister.

On 10 May 2018, she once again assumed the role of wife of the Prime Minister of Malaysia when Mahathir became Prime Minister for the second time. She was also the former chancellor of the Multimedia University of Malaysia.

Spouse of the Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia

The Spouse of the Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia refers to the wife or husband of the Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia. To date, twelve women and one man have held the title of the spouse of the Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia. The spouse of the present Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia is Anwar Ibrahim, the first man to hold this title with his wife, Wan Azizah Wan Ismail, as the first female Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia.

Spouse of the Prime Minister of Malaysia

The Spouse of the Prime Minister of Malaysia refers to the spouse of the head of government of Malaysia, the Prime Minister. Since independence in 1957, the title has been occupied by women, therefore the spouse is also known as the Prime Minister's wife. Some commentators have tried to style prime ministers' wives as "First Lady of Malaysia", similar to the style of First Lady used in republics, but this is not a recognised title. To date, seven women have held the title of the spouse of the Prime Minister of Malaysia.

Siti Hasmah is the spouse of the incumbent Prime Minister of Malaysia, Mahathir Mohamad.

Suhailah Noah

Tun Suhailah binti Mohamed Noah (26 October 1931 – 4 October 2014) was the widow of the 3rd Malaysian Prime Minister Tun Hussein Onn and the Spouse of the Prime Minister of Malaysia from 15 January 1976, until 16 July 1981. She was the mother of Hishammuddin Hussein, who was Minister of Defence from 2013 to 2018.

Tangkap Najib rally

The Tangkap Najib rally (also called the #TangkapNajib Protest) was a demonstration held in Kuala Lumpur on 1 August 2015. The peaceful rally was organized by a youth activist group Demi Malaysia to urge for the resignation of Prime Minister of Malaysia Najib Razak ensuing the 1Malaysia Development Berhad scandal.

The rally was among the first few protests held to directly pressure the Prime Minister of Malaysia to resign for the implication in the 1Malaysia Development Berhad's scandal.

Tun Abdul Ghafar Baba Memorial

The Tun Abdul Ghafar Baba Memorial (Malay: Memorial Tun Abdul Ghafar Baba) is a museum in Peringgit, Melaka, Malaysia. The museum commemorates the life of former Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia, Tun Ghafar Baba.

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