Prime Minister of Latvia

The Prime Minister of Latvia (Latvian: Ministru prezidents) is the most powerful member of the Government of Latvia, and presides over the Latvian Cabinet of Ministers. The Prime Minister is nominated by the President of Latvia, but must be able to obtain the support of a majority of the Saeima (parliament).

The tables below display all Latvian Prime Ministers from both the first period of Latvian independence (1918–1940) and since the country regained its independence (1990–present). From 1990 to 6 July 1993, the office was known as Chairman of the Council of Ministers, but is generally considered to have been the same role.

A direct translation of the official Latvian term is Minister-President. Although the equivalent is used in some European languages, it is not used conventionally in English.

Prime Minister of the Republic of Latvia
Flag of the Prime Minister of Latvia
Flag of the Prime Minister of Latvia
Karins, Krisjanis-9702
Incumbent
Krišjānis Kariņš

since 23 January 2019
Member of
AppointerPresident of Latvia
Term lengthGeneral elections to the Saeima are held every four years at most. The Prime Minister is by convention the leader of the victorious party. No term limits are imposed on the office.
Inaugural holderKārlis Ulmanis
Formation19 November 1918

Republic of Latvia (1918–1940)

Political Party:   LZS   Independent   MP   DC   PA   LJSP

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Political Party Cabinet Saeima
Took Office Left Office Days
1
(1 of 4)
[1]
Karlis Ulmanis Kārlis Ulmanis
(1877–1942)
Prime Minister
of the Provisional Government
1st Prime Minister
18 November 1918 13 July 1919 944 Latvian Farmers' Union
(LZS)
I LZS – LNP – DC – DS PC
14 July 1919 8 December 1919 II LZS – LŽNP
DC joined later
PC
( ···· )
9 December 1919 11 June 1920 III LZS – LŽNP
DS joined later
PC
( ···· )
12 June 1920 18 June 1921 IV LZS – DS – LDP
DS exited later
CA (1920)
2
(1 of 2)
Flag of the Prime Minister of Latvia Zigfrīds Anna Meierovics
(1887–1925)
2nd Prime Minister
19 June 1921 26 January 1923 587 Latvian Farmers' Union
(LZS)
I LZS – DC – MP – LTP
LTP exited later
CA
( ···· )
3 Flag of the Prime Minister of Latvia Jānis Pauļuks
(1865–1937)
3rd Prime Minister
27 January 1923 27 June 1923 152 Independent I LZSLSPDS – DC – LJS – MP 1 (1922)
2
(2 of 2)
Flag of the Prime Minister of Latvia Zigfrīds Anna Meierovics
(1887–1925)
28 June 1923 26 January 1924 213 Latvian Farmers' Union
(LZS)
II LZSLSPDS – DC – LJS – MP 1 ( ···· )
4 Zamuels Voldemārs Zāmuēls
(1872–1948)
4th Prime Minister
27 January 1924 18 December 1924 327 Independent I BNC – DC – LJS 1 ( ···· )
5
(1 of 2)
Flag of the Prime Minister of Latvia Hugo Celmiņš
(1877–1941)
5th Prime Minister
19 December 1924 23 December 1925 370 Latvian Farmers' Union
(LZS)
I LZS – DC
MP and LJS joined later
1 ( ···· )
1
(2 of 4)
Karlis Ulmanis Kārlis Ulmanis
(1877–1942)
24 December 1925 6 May 1926 134 Latvian Farmers' Union
(LZS)
V LZS – LJSP – LJS – LZP
NA joined later
2 (1925)
6 Flag of the Prime Minister of Latvia Arturs Alberings
(1877–1934)
6th Prime Minister
7 May 1926 18 December 1926 226 Latvian Farmers' Union
(LZS)
I LZS – DC – LJSP – LJS – LZP 2 ( ···· )
7
(1 of 2)
Flag of the Prime Minister of Latvia Marģers Skujenieks
(1886–1941)
7th Prime Minister
19 December 1926 23 January 1928 401 Mensheviks Party
(MP)
I LSDSP – MP – LPP – DC – LJS
DC exited cabinet
2 ( ···· )
8 Peteris Jurasevskis Pēteris Juraševskis
(1872–1945)
8th Prime Minister
24 January 1928 30 November 1928 312 Democratic Centre
(DC)
I LZS – DC – LZP – VRP / DbRP 2 ( ···· )
5
(2 of 2)
Flag of the Prime Minister of Latvia Hugo Celmiņš
(1877–1941)
1 December 1928 26 March 1931 846 Latvian Farmers' Union
(LZS)
II LZS – DC – LJSP – LDZA – LA – KNP – VRP / DbRP
DC, KNP, VRP / DbRP exited cabinet
3 (1928)
1
(3 of 4)
Karlis Ulmanis Kārlis Ulmanis
(1877–1942)
27 March 1931 5 December 1931 254 Latvian Farmers' Union
(LZS)
VI LZS – LJSP – LDZA – NA – MKRA – LKZP – LPP 3 ( ···· )
7
(2 of 2)
Flag of the Prime Minister of Latvia Marģers Skujenieks
(1886–1941)
6 December 1931 23 March 1933 474 Progressive Association of New Farmers
(PA)
II PA – DC – LZS – LZPA
LJSP joined later
4 (1931)
9 Adolfs Blodnieks Ādolfs Bļodnieks
(1889–1962)
9th Prime Minister
24 March 1933 16 March 1934 358 Party of New Farmers and Smallholders
(LJSP)
I LJSP – LZS – DC – LZPA – PA – LKKP – KDP
DC, PA exited cabinet
4 ( ···· )
1
(4 of 4)
[2]
Karlis Ulmanis Kārlis Ulmanis
(1877–1942)
17 March 1934 15 May 1934 2287 Latvian Farmers' Union
(LZS)
VII LZS – KA – LKKP – LPP – KDP 4 ( ···· )
15 May 1934 19 June 1940 Independent VIII No party Dis.
[3] Flag of the Prime Minister of Latvia Augusts Kirhenšteins
(1872–1963)
20 June 1940 25 August 1940 66 Independent I No party Dis.
Notes

1 During the 1918–1920 Independence War, Latvia was contested by two other governments: the government of Soviet Latvia, led by Pēteris Stučka, and the government of Andrievs Niedra, backed by Baltic Germans. Some sources may list Stučka and Niedra as prime ministers for periods when their governments controlled most of Latvia.

2 On 15 May 1934, prime minister Ulmanis dissolved parliament and banned all political parties (including his own Farmer's Union), establishing authoritarian rule.

3 Puppet leader appointed by Soviet authorities. Not recognized as such by the Latvian government.

Republic of Latvia (1990–present)

From 4 May 1990 after adopting the Declaration of the Restoration of Independence of the Republic.

Political Party:   LTF   LC   Independent   TB/LNNK   TP   JL   LZP   LPP/LC   V   LP   JV

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Political Party Cabinet Saeima
Took Office Left Office Days
1
(1 of 2)
Ivars Godmanis saeima Ivars Godmanis
(born 1951)
10th Prime Minister
7 May 1990 3 August 1993 1136 Popular Front of Latvia
(LTF)
I LTF
LC joined later
SC (1990)
2 Valdis Birkavs 2011-08-20 Valdis Birkavs
(born 1942)
11th Prime Minister
3 August 1993 15 September 1994 408 Latvian Way
(LC)
I LCLZSLZP 5 (1993)
3 Māris Gailis 2011-08-20 Māris Gailis
(born 1951)
12th Prime Minister
15 September 1994 21 December 1995 462 Latvian Way
(LC)
I LCTPALZSLZP
TB joined later and exited cabinet
5 ( ···· )
4
(1 of 2)
Andris Šķēle, 10. Saeimas portrets Andris Šķēle
(born 1958)
13th Prime Minister
21 December 1995 13 February 1997 595 Independent I DP‘S’TBLCLNNKLZSLZPLVP 6 (1995)
13 February 1997 7 August 1997 II DP‘S’TBLCLNNKLZSLZP
KDS joined later
6 ( ···· )
5 Guntars Krasts 2011-08-20 Guntars Krasts
(born 1957)
14th Prime Minister
7 August 1997 26 November 1998 476 For Fatherland and Freedom/LNNK
(TB/LNNK)
I TB/LNNKLCLZSLZPDPS – KTP
DPS and KTP exited cabinet
6 ( ···· )
6 Flag of the Prime Minister of Latvia Vilis Krištopans
(born 1954)
15th Prime Minister
26 November 1998 16 July 1999 232 Latvian Way
(LC)
I LCTB/LNNKJP
LSDSP joined later
7 (1998)
4
(2 of 2)
Andris Šķēle, 10. Saeimas portrets Andris Šķēle
(born 1958)
16 July 1999 5 May 2000 294 People's Party
(TP)
III TPLCTB/LNNK 7 ( ···· )
7 Flickr - Saeima - 9.Saeimas deputāts Andris Bērziņš (LPP-LC) Andris Bērziņš
(1951–)
16th Prime Minister
5 May 2000 7 November 2002 916 Latvian Way
(LC)
I LCTPTB/LNNKJP 7 ( ···· )
8 Einars Repse.jpeg Einars Repše
(born 1961)
17th Prime Minister
7 November 2002 9 March 2004 488 New Era Party
(JL)
I JLTB/LNNKLZSLPPLZP
LPP exited cabinet
8 (2002)
9 Flickr - Saeima - 9.Saeimas deputāts Indulis Emsis Indulis Emsis
(born 1952)
18th Prime Minister
9 March 2004 2 December 2004 268 Latvian Green Party
(LZP)
I TPLPPLZSLZP 8 ( ···· )
10 Flickr - Saeima - 9.Saeimas deputāts Aigars Kalvītis Aigars Kalvītis
(born 1966)
19th Prime Minister
2 December 2004 7 November 2006 1113 People's Party
(TP)
I TPJLLZSLPPLZP
JL exited cabinet
8 ( ···· )
7 November 2006 20 December 2007 II TPLZSLPPTB/LNNKLZPLC 9 (2006)
1
(2 of 2)
Ivars Godmanis saeima Ivars Godmanis
(born 1951)
20 December 2007 12 March 2009 448 Latvia's First Party/Latvian Way
(LPP/LC)
II LPP/LCTPLZSTB/LNNKLZP 9 ( ···· )
11 Valdis Dombrovskis 2009 Valdis Dombrovskis
(born 1971)
20th Prime Minister
12 March 2009 3 November 2010 1777 New Era Party
(JL)
JL later replaced by V
I JLTPTB/LNNKLZSLZPPS 9 ( ···· )
3 November 2010 25 October 2011 II JLPSSCPLZSLZP – LP
JL, PS, SCP, LP later replaced by V
10 (2010)
25 October 2011 22 January 2014 Party "UNITY"
(V)
III VZRPNA 11 (2011)
12 Laimdota Straujuma 2014 Laimdota Straujuma
(born 1951)
21st Prime Minister
22 January 2014 5 November 2014 750 Party "UNITY"
(V)
I VRPNA - LZSLZP 11 ( ···· )
5 November 2014 11 February 2016 II VNA - LZSLZPLuV - LP 12 (2014)
13 Flickr - Saeima - 10.Saeimas deputāts Māris Kučinskis Māris Kučinskis
(born 1961)
22nd Prime Minister
11 February 2016 23 January 2019 1077 Liepāja Party
(LP)
I VNA - LZSLZPLuV - LP 12 ( ···· )
14 Karins, Krisjanis-9702 Krišjānis Kariņš
(born 1964)
23rd Prime Minister
23 January 2019 incumbent 83 New Unity
(JV)
I JVJKP - KPV LVA/P!NA 13 (2018)

Statistics

# Prime Minister Date of birth Age at ascension
(first term)
Time in office
(total)
Age at retirement
(last term)
Date of death Longevity
1 Kārlis Ulmanis September 4, 1877 41 years, 75 days 9 years, 334 days 62 years, 287 days September 20, 1942 65 years, 16 days
2 Zigfrīds Meierovics February 6, 1887 34 years, 133 days 2 years, 70 days 36 years, 354 days August 22, 1925 38 years, 197 days
3 Jānis Pauļuks November 12, 1865 57 years, 76 days 0 years, 152 days 57 years, 228 days June 21, 1937 71 years, 221 days
4 Voldemārs Zāmuēls May 22, 1872 51 years, 250 days 0 years, 327 days 52 years, 210 days September 25, 1944 75 years, 239 days
5 Hugo Celmiņš October 30, 1877 47 years, 50 days 3 years, 121 days 53 years, 147 days July 30, 1941 63 years, 273 days
6 Arturs Alberings January 8, 1876 50 years, 119 days 0 years, 226 days 50 years, 345 days April 26, 1934 58 years, 108 days
7 Marģers Skujenieks June 22, 1886 40 years, 180 days 2 years, 145 days 46 years, 274 days July 12, 1941 55 years, 20 days
8 Pēteris Juraševskis March 23, 1872 55 years, 307 days 0 years, 312 days 56 years, 252 days January 10, 1945 72 years, 293 days
9 Ādolfs Bļodnieks July 24, 1889 43 years, 243 days 0 years, 358 days 44 years, 235 days March 21, 1962 72 years, 240 day
10 Augusts Kirhenšteins September 18, 1872 67 years, 276 days 0 years, 66 days 67 years, 342 days November 11, 1963 91 years, 46 days
11 Ivars Godmanis November 27, 1951 38 years, 161 days 4 years, 124 days 57 years, 105 days Living 67 years, 140 days (Living)
12 Valdis Birkavs July 28, 1942 51 years, 6 days 1 year, 43 days 52 years, 49 days Living 76 years, 262 days (Living)
13 Māris Gailis July 9, 1951 43 years, 37 days 1 year, 97 days 44 years, 165 days Living 67 years, 281 days (Living)
14 Andris Šķēle January 16, 1958 37 years, 339 days 2 years, 159 days 42 years, 110 days Living 61 years, 90 days (Living)
15 Guntars Krasts October 16, 1957 39 years, 295 days 1 year, 111 days 41 years, 51 days Living 61 years, 182 days (Living)
16 Vilis Krištopans June 13, 1954 44 years, 166 days 0 years, 232 days 45 years, 33 days Living 64 years, 307 days (Living)
17 Andris Bērziņš August 4, 1951 48 years, 275 days 2 years, 186 days 51 years, 95 days Living 67 years, 255 days (Living)
18 Einars Repše December 9, 1961 40 years, 333 days 1 year, 123 days 42 years, 91 days Living 57 years, 128 days (Living)
19 Indulis Emsis January 2, 1952 52 years, 67 days 0 years, 268 days 52 years, 335 days Living 67 years, 104 days (Living)
20 Aigars Kalvītis June 27, 1966 38 years, 158 days 3 years, 18 days 42 years, 91 days Living 52 years, 293 days (Living)
21 Valdis Dombrovskis August 5, 1971 37 years, 219 days 4 years, 316 days 42 years, 170 days Living 47 years, 254 days (Living)
22 Laimdota Straujuma February 24, 1951 62 years, 332 days 2 years, 20 days 64 years, 352 days Living 68 years, 51 days (Living)
23 Māris Kučinskis November 28, 1961 54 years, 75 days 2 years, 345 days 57 years, 56 days Living 57 years, 139 days (Living)
24 Krišjānis Kariņš December 13, 1964 54 years, 41 days 83 days Living 54 years, 124 days (Living)

See also

External links

Aigars Kalvītis

Aigars Kalvītis (born 27 June 1966) is a Latvian politician, former Prime Minister of Latvia and current Chairman of the Board of Latvijas Balzams. Since August 2015, he is CEO of the Latvian gas company Latvijas Gāze.Kalvītis graduated from Latvia University of Agriculture in 1992 with a degree in economics. From 1992 to 1998, he was a manager at various agriculture-related businesses. Kalvītis was one of the founders of People's Party of Latvia in 1997 and was first elected to Saeima, the Latvian parliament, in 1998. He served as the minister of agriculture from 1999 to 2000 and the minister of economics from 2000 to 2002. Kalvītis was reelected to Saeima and became the leader of the parliamentary faction of People's Party in 2002.

On 2 December 2004, he became the Prime Minister of Latvia. Kalvītis at first led a coalition government consisting of his own People's Party, the New Era Party, the Union of Greens and Farmers and the Latvia's First Party. In April 2006, the New Era Party left the government and Kalvītis led a minority coalition government consisting of the other three parties.

His governing coalition retained power in the 7 October 2006 parliamentary election, winning a slight majority of seats and becoming the first government since Latvian independence in 1991 to be re-elected. It now consists of the People's Party, Union of Greens and Farmers, the Latvia First/Latvian Way Party, and For Fatherland and Freedom/LNNK. For Fatherland and Freedom/LNNK was added after the 2006 elections, and strengthens the coalition's majority to 59 of the 100 seats. Meanwhile, the People's Party became the largest party in Parliament. Kalvītis became its chairman.

On 7 November 2007, Kalvītis announced that he would step down on 5 December, after encountering widespread opposition to his dismissal of the head of the anti-corruption bureau, Aleksejs Loskutovs, in the previous month. He accordingly met with President Valdis Zatlers on 5 December and announced his resignation, along with that of his government. According to Kalvītis, speaking on television on the same day, this was necessary to "cool down hot heads". Kalvītis remained in office in a caretaker capacity until the appointment of his successor Ivars Godmanis.His son, Kārlis Kalvītis, is a professional ice hockey player.

Andris Bērziņš (Latvian Prime Minister)

Andris Bērziņš (born August 4, 1951) is a Latvian politician born in Riga. He served as Prime Minister of Latvia from May 5, 2000 to November 7, 2002. He is a member of the Latvian Way political party.

He served as minister of labor from 1993 to 1994, deputy prime minister and minister of welfare from 1994 to 1995, and mayor of Riga from 1997 to 2000.

Andris Bērziņš is an Honorary Member of The International Raoul Wallenberg Foundation.

Andris Šķēle

Andris Šķēle (born 16 January 1958 in Ape) is a former Latvian politician and business oligarch. He served two terms as Prime Minister of Latvia from 21 December 1995 to 7 August 1997, and from 16 July 1999 to 5 May 2000.

Arturs Alberings

Arturs Alberings (8 January 1876, in Rūjiena, Valmiera district – 26 April 1934, in Riga) held the office as 6th Prime Minister of Latvia from 7 May 1926 to 18 December 1926.

Arturs Krišjānis Kariņš

Arturs Krišjānis Kariņš (born 13 December 1964) is a Latvian politician, current Prime Minister of Latvia and former Member of the European Parliament.

Flag of Latvia

The national flag of Latvia (Latvian: Latvijas karogs) was used by independent Latvia from 1918 until the country was occupied by the Soviet Union in 1940. Its use was suppressed during Soviet rule. Shortly before regaining its independence, Latvia re-adopted on 27 February 1990 the same red-white-red flag.

Though officially adopted in 1923, the Latvian flag was in use as early as the 13th century. The red colour is sometimes described as symbolizing the readiness of the Latvians to give the blood from their hearts for freedom and their willingness to defend their liberty. An alternative interpretation, according to one legend, is that a Latvian leader was wounded in battle, and the edges of the white sheet in which he was wrapped were stained by his blood. The white stripe may stand for the sheet that wrapped him. This story is similar to the legend of the origins of the flag of Austria.

Guntars Krasts

Guntars Krasts (born 16 October 1957 in Riga) is a Latvian politician, former Prime Minister, and former Member of the European Parliament for the single Latvia constituency. Born in Riga, he was the Minister of Economy of Latvia from December 1995 to August 1997, Prime Minister of Latvia from August 1997 to November 1998, and the Deputy Prime Minister from November 1998 to June 1999. Krasts was a member of Saeima, the Latvian parliament, from June 1999 until being elected to the European Parliament in 2004.

Hugo Celmiņš

Hugo Celmiņš (30 October 1877, Lubāna – 30 July 1941, Moscow) was a Latvian politician. held the office of Prime Minister of Latvia from 19 December 1924 to 23 December 1925 and 1 December 1928 to 26 March 1931.

Indulis Emsis

Indulis Emsis (born 2 January 1952 in Salacgriva, Limbaži District) is a Latvian biologist and politician. He was Prime Minister of Latvia for ten months in 2004, the first Green politician to lead a country in the history of the world. He was Speaker of the Saeima, the Latvian parliament from 2006 to 2007. Emsis' political views are described as rather conservative, unusual for members of green parties around the world.

Ivars Godmanis

Ivars Godmanis (born 27 November 1951) is a Latvian politician who was Prime Minister of Latvia from 1990 to 1993 and again from 2007 to 2009. He was the first Prime Minister of Latvia after the country restored its independence from the Soviet Union.

Jānis Pauļuks

Jānis Pauļuks (12 November 1865; Lielsesava, now in Sesava parish – 21 June 1937) held the office as Prime Minister of Latvia from 27 January 1923 to 27 June 1923.

Laimdota Straujuma

Laimdota Straujuma (born 24 February 1951) is a Latvian economist who was the Prime Minister of Latvia from January 2014 to February 2016. Before her tenure as Prime Minister, she served as Minister of Agriculture from 2011 to 2014. She was the first woman to serve as the head of government of the country. After her resignation on 7 December 2015 she announced her intention to resume a seat in the Saeima.Between October 2000 and 2006 Straujuma served as the Secretary of State of the Ministry for Agriculture. Between 2007 and 2010 she was the Secretary of State of the Ministry for Regional Development and Local Government. She was appointed as Minister of Agriculture on 25 October 2011.On 5 January 2014 the Unity Party nominated Straujuma as a candidate for the post of Prime Minister following the resignation of Valdis Dombrovskis. The nomination was supported by Unity's coalition partners, the Reform Party and the National Alliance as well as the opposition Union of Greens and Farmers.Following the 2014 Parliamentary Election, in which the Unity Party came in second, the President of Latvia Andris Bērziņš nominated Straujuma to lead the new government, which was approved by Saeima on 5 November 2014. Straujuma resigned on 7 December 2015.

Liepāja Party

The Liepāja Party (Latvian: Liepājas Partija) is a localist political party in Latvia. It operates in the city of Liepāja, where its chairman, Uldis Sesks, was mayor from 1997 to 2018. The party has an agreement with the Union of Greens and Farmers allowing party members to be elected in the Saeima, including current members Māris Kučinskis (incumbent Prime Minister of Latvia), Valdis Skujiņš and Aija Barča.

Māris Kučinskis

Māris Kučinskis (born 28 November 1961) is a Latvian politician and former Prime Minister of Latvia.

Pēteris Juraševskis

Pēteris Juraševskis (23 March 1872, Sesava parish – 10 January 1945) held the office of Prime Minister of Latvia from 24 January 1928 – 30 November 1928.

Valdis Dombrovskis

Valdis Dombrovskis (born 5 August 1971) is a Latvian politician and the current European Commission Vice-President for the Euro and Social Dialogue, serving since November 2014. He served as Prime Minister of Latvia from 2009 until 2014, when he resigned. He served as Minister of Finance from 2002 to 2004 and was a Member of the European Parliament for the New Era Party. Following the resignation of Jonathan Hill, it was announced that Dombrovskis will take over the portfolio for Financial Stability, Financial Services and the Capital Markets Union from 16 July 2016. He delivers keynote speeches at events.

Vilis Krištopans

Vilis Krištopans (born June 13, 1954 in Omsk Oblast, Russian SFSR) is a Latvian politician. He served as Prime Minister of Latvia from November 26, 1998 to July 15, 1999.As a prime minister he was a member of the Latvian Way political party. He then left politics and, in 2002, returned as a member of parliament from the Union of Greens and Farmers.

Prior to serving as a prime minister, he had also been the minister of transport.

Voldemārs Zāmuēls

Voldemārs Zāmuēls (22 May 1872, Dzērbene parish – 16 January 1948, Ravensburg, Germany) held the office as Prime Minister of Latvia from 27 January 1924 to 18 December, 1924.

Ādolfs Bļodnieks

Ādolfs Bļodnieks (24 July 1889, Tukums – 21 March 1962, Brooklyn, NY) held the office of Prime Minister of Latvia from 24 March 1933 – 16 March 1934, for the New Farmers' Party.

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